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I 



iTajipM Prasbyterlan Assl 

Wm i lilBi l lllMIIMiMillillMllllllBIlt 




ax 



THE CHURCH 



AT HOME AND ABROAD 



PUBLISHED MONXHIvY 



BY ORDER OP 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 

IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 



Volume XHI 



PRESBYTERIAN BOARD OF PUBUCATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK, 

No. 1334 Chestnut Street, 
PHILADELPHIA, PA. 

1893 



INDEX TO VOLUME XIII. 



PAGE 

Abyssinia, 59»396 

Advance ! Advance ! Advance ! .167 

Africa, Bile Mission 148 

Africa, Bible Translated by a Slave. . . 395 
Africa, Bright Spot on Dark Continent, . 444 
Africa, Christianizing and Buropeaniz- 

ing, ..;.... 148 
Africa, Coffee Culture, .... 149 
Africa, Communion in Batanga, . 439 

Africa, Congo Balolo Mission, 476 

Africa, Crisis for Followers of Islam, 148 

Africa, Dahoman Translation of Bible, . 395 
Africa, Exploring the Interior of West, 13, 92 
Africa, French Protestant Mission, . 395 

Africa, From Batanga Towards Sunrise, . 441 
Africa, Gaboon and Coiisco Missions, 441 

Africa, Happy Workers at Benito, . . 446 
Africa, Hausa Memorial Association in the 

Soudan, 
Africa, King Mtesa and the Bible, 
Africa,, Kanraria, 
Africa, I/ake Tanganyika, . 
Africa, Letters from, 
Africa, Mackay of Uganda, 
Africa, ** Men of God,'* 
Africa, Native Customs Weakening, 
Africa, Native Evangelistic Work, . 
Africa. Native Priest, 
Africa, New Station to be Opened, . 
Africa, Not Peace, but a Sword, 
Africa, Nurseries Established, 
Africa, Pre-historic Ruins, 
Africa, Receptive of Gospel, 
Africa, Second Journey in the Interior, 
Africa, Stations and Missionaries, 
Africa, Stealing, .... 

Africa, Temperance among Basutos, . 
Africa, Tropnies from Heathenism, . 
Africa, Up the Gaboon and Ogowe, . 
Africa, West Coast, .... 
Afternoon at Royal Korean Hospital, 
After the Riots, .... 

Ainu of Northern Japan, 

Alaska, 

Alaska, First Presbyterian Church in, 

Alaska, Glaciers of, . 

Alaska Indians, .... 

Alaska Inoits, . . . 

Alaska, Joseph of Chilcat, . 

Alaska, Letters from, 288, 293 

Alaska, Natives Contributors for Home 

Missions, 
Alaska, New Church in Sitka, . 
Alpine Shepherd, 
American Board, Annual Survey, 
American Board Statistics, 



172 

477 
476 

113, 282, 361 

392 
476 

225 

395 

395 
266 

476 
226 

396 

395 
181 

441 
66 

477 
46 

446 

150 

95 
104 

133 
199 

205 

344 
207 

310 

35 
373 



Appeal of Indian Missions to the Churches, 271 

Appeal of the Bombay Conference, . . 272 

Anzona, 427 

Arizona, Letter from, .... 457 

Auburn Theological Seminary, 4 

Baptism of a Persian MoUah, . • 134 

Baptist Jubilee Offering, .... 225 

Batanga, Communion In, .... 439 

• • 

11 



121 

38 
44 

19 
225 



43. 



Batanga, From, Towards Sunrise, 
Beginnings of Presbyterianism on Pacific 

Coast, 

Belgians and French in Wisconsin and 

Michigan, 

Bellevue College, .... 

Benefit of Organization, 

Benito, Happy Workers At, 

Be of Good Cheer, .... 

Between the Caribbean and the Pacific, 

Biddle University, .... 

Birthday Celebration at the Ministers 

House, Perth Amboy, . 

Bishops, 

Board of Education , .... 

Bohemians Becoming Americans, 

Bohemian Work in South Dakota, . 

Book Notices, 68, 151, 296, 316, 402 

Brahman Breaking* Caste, . 

Brazil, Letters from, 

Brick at a Time, .... 

Bright Spot on Dark Continent, 

British Contributions to Foreign Missions 

Built without Debt, .... 

Business Man's Question, . 

California, 

California, Growth in, 

California, Letters from, 

California Pioneers, 

Cassidy, Mr., of Toronto, . 

Cause of Deficiency, .... 

Centenary of Missions, 

Ceylon and India General Mission, . 

Chautauqua and the Brotherhood of Chris 

tian Unity, .... 

Chicago Offer, 

Children of Missionaries, Homes for, 

Childiens' Day 

Children's Mistakes, .... 

Chili, Repressing Liquor Traffic, 

China, A Christian Church, 

China, After the Riots, 

China, A Missionary Tour, 

China, A Retrospect. 

China As a Mission Field, 

China, A Sincere Convert, . ^ 

China, Baptisms in Swatow Mission, 

China, Beggars in Pekin, 

China, Cathedral in Canton, 

China, Duty of Foreigners, 

China, Confucianism, 

China, Courtesy to Chinese Prejudices, 

China, Educational Scheme, 

China, Emperor Studying English, . 

China, Favorable Impressions, 

China, Flank Movement upon Thibet, 

China, Giving up Idolatrous Rites, . 

China, Heavenly Foot Society, 

China, Hospital Work, 

China Inland Mission, 

China, Manchuria, .... 

China, Medical Work, 

China, Message from W..0. Elterich, 

China, Mr. Gilmour, . • 



147 



PAGE 
441 

87 
452 

3«i 
119 

446 

251 
191 

308 

223 

255 

383 

43 

283 

471 
278 

"5 
314 

444 
226 

467 

299 
7 

39 
377 
255 
476 
366 

18 

395 

172 
215 

437 
304 
162 

134 
225 

104 

178 

106 

258 
476 
476 
66 
225 
225 

396 
352 
225 
108 
66 
107 
225 

475 

149 
108 

477 

395 
20 

310 



Index. 



ui 



PAOK 



PAQK 



China, Notes from Peking, 

China, Offerings for Evangelistic Work, 

China, Opium Smokers Praying, 

China, Opinm Traffic, 

China, Onr Responsibility in Hainan, 

China, Persecution, .... 

China, Power of Gospel In, 

China, Progress of Missions, 

China, Protection of American Chapel, 

China, Publications, .... 

China, Religious Belief from Persia, 

China, Snow in Southern, 

China, Stalwart Christians, 

China, Stations and Missionaries, 

China, Statistics of Missions, 

China, Steno|;rams from, 

China, Su£fenngfor Others, 

China, Suffering from Christian Nations, 

China, Tsze Chien, .... 

China, Voyage in a Junk, . 

China, What it Needs, 

China, Women not Counted, 

Chinese Character, .... 

Chinese in America, Gleanings, 

Chinese in America, Rescue Work, . 

Chinese in California, 

Chinese Inns, 

Chinese in United States, 

Chinese Medical Students, 

Chinese Opium and American Whisky, 

Chinese Physicians, . . • . 

Chinese Respect for Old Age, • 

Christian Houcation, 

Christian Endeavor and the Magazine, 

Christian Endeavor Missionary Money, 

Christian Endeavor Missionary Rallies, 

Christian Endeavor Society, a Missionary 

Force, 

Christian Work in Chicago, 

Church and the Pair, 

Church Erection, Half-Century's Work, 

Church Erection, How the Account Stands 

Church Erection in California, . 

Church Erection, Noteworthy Example, 

Church Missionary Society, New Mission 

anes, ...... 

City Evangelization, Its Pressing Needs, 
Cleanliness and Holiness, . 
Clean Spot Kept Clean, 
Cochran, Mrs. D. P., . . 
College Education, .... 

Colleges and Academies, Appropriations, 
Colleges and Academies, Good Way to Do 

It 

Columbia, Congress of, as a Society of 
Church Erection, .... 

Colorado, Letters from, . . 295 

Colored Education in the South, 

Comity, 

Conference Examinations in Southern Me- 
thodist Church, 147 

Congress of Colombia as a Society of Church 

Erection, 11 

Continent, The 255 

Convert from Islam, . 198 

Coming Academy, 298 

Crosby, Howard, 297 

Curious Bit of History, .... 346 
Daniel Baker College, -131 



150 
352 
225 

310 

loi 

66 

431 
III 

396 
225 

225 

475 
267 

100 

lOI 

478 
149 

227 

108 
144 

476 
146 

395 
66 

94 

255 
267 

395 
146 

46 
149 
146 
467 

92 
400 
178 

400 

253 

88 

465 

53 
467 

306 

146 
286 

417 

390 

430 
216 

133 

297 

II 

.459 
217 

203 



Danish Bible Society, 

Dark Continent, Bright Spot on, 

Death of Professor J. M. Tipton, 

Decentralization, 

Delay Disastrous, 

Denominational Co-operation Conference 
on Home Missions, 

Divine Call to the Presbyterian Church, 

Do Not Say 

Eastern Washington, 

Education,. • • • 5^1 218, 302, 462 

Education, Board of, 383 

Encouraging Year in Siam, 

Enemy at Our Door, .... 

Elements of Strength for Christian Work 

Encouragements During the Past Year, 

Ethical Basis for Japan, 

Evangelistic Tour in Japan, 

Evangelistic Work in Mission Fields, 

Exploring the Interior of West Africa, , 

Famine and Fruit at I^kawn, . 

Far Out Upon the Prairie, 

February Small Fruits, . • 

Feeble Churches, Work Among, 

Feminine Element of Eloquence, 

Field at Jhansi, .... 

Fiji, 

Findlay, O., 

First Laos Tract, 

First Report from I/Spoon, 

Flank Movement upon Thibet, . 

Florence Crittenton Missions, . 

Florida, Frost in, . . • . 

Foreign Mission Committee of English 
Presbyterian Church 

Foreign Mission Letters, 

Africa, 113, 282, 361 

Brazil, . 115 

India, . . . . 33» 281, 362, 363 
Japan, . 29, 32, 116, 364, 448, 449 

Korea 31. 33 

Laos, 30i 449 

Mexico, 117 

Persia, . . 112, 114, 280, 363 

Siam, 114, 362 

Syria, 11 1, 280 

Foreign Missions, Conference of Synodical 
and Presbyterial Committees, 

Foreign Missions, Financial Outlook, 

Foreign Missions, Generous Offer, . 

Foreign Mission, Magic Lantern Slides, . 

Foreign Missions, Self-denial Week, 265, 350 

Foreign Missions, Statement of Receipts, 

18, 93, 178, 265, 350, 435 



395 
444 
387 
436 
118 

204 

353 
310 

119 



360 

9 
232 

190 
432 
337 
436 

13 
358 
222 
132 
340 
136 
277 
395 
55 
30 

359 
107 

433 
365 

475 



94 
268 

93 
94 



Foreign Missions, Thank-offering, 

Forward Movements, 

Freedmen, Christian Education, 

Freedmen, Two Synods among, 

Freedmen, Woman's Work for, 

Freedmen, Year 1892-3, 

Free Libraries, .... 

From Churches, 

Gaboon and Corisco Missions . 

Gaboon and Ogowe, Up the 

Ganse, Poems and Hymns, by Rev. 

Hervey Doddrige, 
General Review of Missions, 
Geneseo Collegiate Institute. 
German Missions-Feste, 



303 



H. D 



93 

24 

467 

51 
386 

385 
388 

213 

441 
446 

296 

22 

464 

147 



IV 



Index, 



PAOB 

German Work in Iowa, .... 366 
Gilbert Islanders, Scriptures for, . 235 

Giving, System in, 336 

Glaciers of Alaska, 344 

Glory of Christianity, .... 475 
God Beholding Onr Columbian Exhibi'* 

tion 252 

God's Work Among the Com Planters, . 145 
Grandmother Destroy town, ... 62 
Growth in California, • * • • 39 
Half Century's Work, .... 465 
Happy North Dakota, .... 391 
Hausa Memorial Association in the Son- 
dan, • . 172 

Hawaii, 396 

Hawaii, Japanese Christians, . . . 225 
Holland Presbyterian Church, Manhattan, 

Montana, ; 37 

Home Mission Appointments, 48, 130, 380, 461 
.Home Mission Debt, .... 452 
Home Mission letters, 

Alaska, . . . • 288, 293, 373 

Arizona, 457 

California 43, 377 

Colorado, 295, 459 

Idaho, 295, 374, 456 

Illinois, 210, 289 

Indian Territory, 126, 211, 455 

Iowa, ....... 290 

Kansas, . . . 127, 293, 378, 456 

Kentucky, 290 

Minnesota, ..... 128, 212 
Missouri, ....*. 458 
Montana . . 290, 295, 374, 377, 459 

Nebraska 294, 374, 460 

New Mexico, . . 128, 290, 378, 457 
North Carolina, . . 294, 380 

North Dakota 129, 293 

Ohio, 208, 293 

Oklahoma, . . * . : 44, 292 

Oregon, 291, 460 

South Dakota, . 43, 290, 293, 379, 456 

Tennessee, 210 

Utah, . . 127, 129, 212, 374, 376, 455 
Washmgton, . . . 377, 454, 459 

West Virginia, 209 

Wisconsin, 458 

Home Missions, 367 

Home Missions and Christian Endeavor, . 283 
Home Missions, Appointment of Secretary 

for Young People, .... 199 
Home Mission Schools, Superintendent, . 283 
Home Missions, Columbian Exhibit, . 451 
Home Mission, Delay Disastrous, . .118 
Home Mission, Denominational Co-opera- 
tion Conference, 204 

Home Mission, Pacts, .... 452 
Home Missions in the Older States, . 200, 207 
Homes for Missionaries' Children, . . 437 
Hopeful Movement in North India, . . 274 
How a Missionary Passes His Time, . . 436 
How to Create Interest in Missions. . . 146 
How they Say it in Missionary I/ands, . 423 
Hungarian Church in America, . . 225 

Idaho, Letters from, . . 295, 374, 456 

Illinois, Letters from, . . . 210,289 
India, Additions to the Church, . . 266 

India, A Family Baptized, . • 225 

India, Appeal of the Bombay Conference, . 272 



33, 281, 36 



PAOK 

India, Appeals for Reinforcements, . . 279 
India, Appeal to the Churches, . « . .271 
India, Baptism of Mohammedan Dervish, 266 
India, Baptisms in Lodiana Mission, . 94 

India, Baptizing Herself, .... 227 
India, Books of Hindu Religion, . 225 

India, Brahman Breaking Caste, 278 

India, Bamcse Superstitions, . . 225 

India, Call for TeadMis, .... 14^ 

India, Caste, 146, 225 

India, Character of Burmese, . . . 226 
India, Christianity among the Educated, • 476 
India, Field at Jhansi, .... 277 
India, Gratitude Expressed, . . . 47^ 
India, Hindrances to Professing Christ, 198, 268 

226 
274 

396 
66 

2, 363 
267 

395 

227 

119 
396^ 

395 

39^ 

397 

58 
149 

198 

397 
226 

268 

39^ 
269 

395 
227 

14a 

96 

397 
14a 

55 



67. 



India, Honesty, 

India, Hopeful Movement in North, 
India, Increase of Laborers, 
India, Influence of Instruction, 
India, Lady Dufferin's Work, 
India, Letters from, . 
India, Maeic Lantern Lecture, 
India, Medical Missionaries, 
India Missions, Notes on, 
India Moving Force, 
India, National Education, 
India, Native Preachers, . 
India, Never Argue, 
India, Notes on, 

India, Parsees 

India, Progress in Ten Years, . 

India, Question of Hasty Baptisms, . 

India, Railway in, .... 

India, Respect for Christ, . 

India, Return of Rev. S. H. Kellogg, 

India, Schools and Readers, 

India, Stations and Missionaries, 

India, Testimony of Buddhist Priest, 

India, Traveling Forbidden, 

India, Wild Tribes, 

India, Wolf Boy of Secundra, . 

India, Women the Rulers, 

India, Worshipping Bottles, 

Indian Church at I/>ng Hollow, 

Indian Missions, Transferred to Home 

Board 35i» 3^7 



Indian Problem, .... 

Indian Reservations, New York State, 
Indians and the Indian Problem, 

Indians, Arizona 

Indians, Cherokees, . . . . 199 
Indians, Freedom from Hostilities, . 
Indians, God's Work Among the Com 

Planters, 

Indians, Grandmother Destroy town, 

Indians, Last of her Race, . . . . 

Indians, Two Heros of the Dakota Mission 

Indian Territory, Letters from . 126, 211, 455 

Interesting Letters, . • • • 57 

Iowa, Letter from, .... 

Iowa, Vacant Fields, .... 

Irregular Appeals, 

Irvin's, Dr., Resignation, . 

Is the Missionary Work a Rescue ? 

Japan, Ainu of Northern, . •133 

Japan, Cautious Methods Necessary, 

Japan, Discussion of Christianity , 

Japan, Evangelistic Tour in, . 

Japan, Ethical Basis for, 



341 

5^ 

124 

199^ 

475 
162- 

145 
62 

123. 
122 



290* 

246- 

285 

15 

147 
21 

227 

337 
432- 



Index, 



VAQM' 

Japan, First Christian Literature, . 29 

Japan, Gradnates of the Doshisha, . . 476 
Japan, Graduates of Meiji Gakuin, . . 266 
Japan, Letters from, 29, 32, 116, 364, 448, 449 

Japan, Notes on, 478 

Japan, Persecution in Hiroshima, . 94,116 

Japan, Priesthood, 396 

Japan, Progress in West, .... 32 
Japan, Seeds and Flowers, . . . 392 

Japan, Wrong Impressions of Christianity, 95 
Jewish Population of the Globe, . . 475 

Jews, 66, 396 

Jews Converted to Christianity, . 225 

Jews in California, Hope for, . . 200 

Jews in New York, 395 

Johnston, John Taylor, Death of , . . 367 

Joseph of Chilcat, 35 

Joy of Willing Offerings to God, . . 85 

K a nsas, Letters from, . 127, 293, 456 

Kansas, Notes on, 121 

Karoli's Translations of Scriptures, . 226 

Kendall, Henry, 90 

Kentucky, Letter from, .... 290 
King Mtesa and the Bible, . •313 

Korea, Afternoon at Royal Hospital, . 95 

Korea, Encouraging Item, . . •19 

Korea, Euijn via Manchuria, . . '31 
Korea, Items of News from, . . 66,397 
Korea, Letters from, . . . 3ii 33 

Korean Costume, 395 

Korean Word for Heaven, . . . 477 

Lafayette College 162 

Laos Appeal, 355 

Laos, Divine Call to the Presbyterian 

Church, 353 

Laos, Famine and Fruit at Lakawn, . . 358 
Laos, First Report from Lapoon, . . 359 

Laos, First Tract, 30 

Laos^Xetters from . .... 30,449 
Laos^Kot Money Enough -95 

Laos, Outlook from Chien^ Mai, . . 357 
Laos, Relief for the Starvmg, . . 358 

Laos, Stations and Missionaries, . . 353 
Laos, Statistics of Missions . . 353 

Last of Her Race 123 

L^ing Enterprise of Coming Century, . 475 

Lewiston, Idaho, 367 

Lincoln University, 175 

Local Ingenuity, 233 

Loyal Responses, . . . .20 

Mackay, ^exander M., . . 61, 392, 395 

Manchuria, 477 

Martyn, Henry, 147 

Martyrs, 336 

Massachusetts, Scotch Church, Boston, . 40 
Medical Missionaries, .... 395 

Medical Missions, 66 

Melanesian Beliefs, ..... 226 
Methodist Episcopal Church, Receipts for 

Foreign Missions, .... 146 
Mexico, Between thei Caribbean and the 

Pacific, 191 

Mexico City and its Outstatlons, . 188 

Mexico, Encouragements during the Past 

Year, , 190 

Mexico, Influence of Evangelical Church, 265 
Mexico, Letters from, . . . •117 
Mexico's Greatest Need, . . . .187 
Mexico, Stations and Missionaries, . 185 



PAOE 

Mexico, Transition of, ... . 195 
Mexico, What Hath God Wrought ?i . . 185 
Mexico, Wooden Savior, . . .62, 234 

Michigan, 41 

Ministerial Necrology, 67, 150, 234, 316, 401, 472- 
Ministerial Relief, Annual Circular, . . 301 
Ministerial Relief, Statistics from Annual 

Report, 469 

Minnesota, A Happy Year, ... 40 

Minnesota, Growth 285 

Minnesota, Letters from, . . . 128, 212 
Minnesota, Publication and Sabbath -school, 

Work in, 471 

Mirza, Ibrahim, 169 

Missionary Calendar, . 20, 94, 268, 352 
Missionary Conferences in New York, . 179 
Missionary, Highest Type of Human Ex- 
cellence, 147 

Missionary Travelers, .... 282 

Missouri, Letter from 45S 

Missouri, Wise Words from Synod, . .214 
Mitchell, Rev. Arthur, .... 424 
Mitchell, Rev. Arthur, Action of Board, . 437 
Mohammedan Missionary to America, . 267 
Mohammedans not Easily Converted, . 147 
Montana, Letters from, 290, 295, 374, 377, 459 

Moressa Khanun, 393 

Momionism in New Mexico, . . . 366 

Mormons, 371 

Mountain Whites, 205 

Native Agents and their Training, . . 13S 
Natives of Alaska Contributors) fori Home 

Missions, •*..'•. 121 
Nebraska, Letters from, . . 294, 374 
Nebraska, Presbyterian Church Member- 
ship, 283 

Need of Work of Board of Publication and 

S. S. Work, . . . ^ . . .50 
New England, Home Missions in, . .451 
New England, Roman Catholic, . 202 

New Hebrides 146, 149, 397 

New Hebrides, Converts, .... 476 
New Hebrides Laborers, .... 477 
New Hebrides Offerings, .... 476 
New Hebrides, Translation of Scriptures, 225 
New Mexico, A Missionary's Work, 200 

New Mexico, Letters from, 128, 290, 378, 457 

New West, 4^ 

New York City, Destitute District in, .45' 

Noble Example, 435 

North Carolina, Letters from, . . 294, 380 
North Dakota, .... 38, 129, 295 
North Dakota, Church. Building at Britton , 3ft 
North Dakota, Happy, .... 391 
Norwegian Missionary Society, . . 396 

Notes from Peking, 150 

New England,— Whither? . • • 35 

New Year, . 3 

Ohio, Letters from, .... 208, 293 

Oklahoma, 41 

Oklahoma, Letters from, ... 44, 292 
Oldest Anti-Slavery Society in the United 

States, . . . . . .477 

Omaha, Increase of Population, . . 285 

Omaha, Population, . . .12a 

One Example, ' 38^ 

One Man's Service, 309 

One of the Least of These, . . . 3^5 

Opportunity not Given for Contributions, . 40 



VI 



Index, 



Oregon, Letters from, 

Oregon, Traveling in, 

Oriental Religions and Christianity, 

Orthodoxy and Foreign Missions, 

Our Final EflFort, 

Our Missionaries, 



291 



PAOB 

. 460 
284 

98 
267 

199 

452 

Our Pictures, 474 

Our Responsibility in Hainan. . loi 

Outlook from Chieng Mai, . . -357 

Out of Debt, ...... 435 

Out of the Mouth of Babes, . . . 305 
Pacific Coast, Beginnings of Presbyterian- 
ism, 87 

Pacific Coast Pioneers, . . . .171 

Paradoxes, ' 330 

Park College and Church at Home and 

Abroad, 162 

Parsees, 58 

Peking, Notes from, 150 

Persia, Baptism of a Mollah, . . . 134 
Persia, Cholera Work, . . . .21 

Persia, Death of Mrs. Cochran, . . 430 

Persia, Gleanings, . . . . 66, 67 
Persia, Letters &om, . . 112, 114, 280, 363 
Persia, Mirza Ibrahim, .... 169 
Persia, Moressa Khanun, . . . 393 

Persia, Mother of Nestorians, ... 66 

Persian Literature 226 

Persia, Opposition in Tabriz, . . .21 
Persia, Predominant Characteristics of Li- 
terature, 310 

Persia, Uprising of Moslems against Jews, 

21, 112 

Pleasant Letters, 135 

Prayer the Great Need, .... 226 
President's Proclamation, .... 200 

Priests and Bibles 246 

Priest's Pity for Protestant Friends, 58 

Progress in West Japan 32 

Progress of Missions in China, . .111 

Property of Evangelical Christians in 

United States, 225 

Publication and Sabbath School Work in 

Minnesota, 471 

Publication and Sabbath School Work, Re- 
cent Publications, .... 220 
Publication and Sabbath School Work, 

Testimony of Synod of Wisconsin, . 49 
Publications, Recent, .... 387 

Pupils in Mission Schools, Number of, . 66 
Qualifications for Missionary, ... 66 
Queensland, Neglected Classes, . . 477 

Ragged Schools and Sabbath Schools; 221 

Recent Publications, .... 387 

Reduction Kindly Received, ... 37 
Reformed Church in United States, . . 396 

Reinforcements Needed 18 

Relief for the Starving of Siam, . . 358 

Religion in United States, . . . 395 

Religions of the World, .... 226 
Remedy for Inattention . . . .310 
Repressing the Liquor Traffic in Chili, . 134 

Retrospect, 106 

Revivals in Home Mission Fields, . . 365 
Sabbath-school and Mission Work, . . 49 
Sabbath-school Lessons, Thoughts on, 

60, 137, 228, 315, 398, 473 

Samoan Bible, 395 

■Samoan Christians, ..... 395 



PAGE 

Santa Cruz, California, .... 284 

Savage Island, 476 

Snow in Southern China, .... 475 

Save the Children, 230 

Scattering the Gifls, 21 

Scenery of Lebanon, . . . . .142 
Second Journey in the Interior, . • 181 

Secretary of Edinburgh UniversityJ Mis- 
sionary Association, .... 395 
Seed for Everlasting Gamers, ... 50 

Seeds and Flowers, 392 

Self-denial Week, . . . .265, 350 
Self-support Reached, .... 365 
Siam, Bncouraging Year in, . . . 360 

Siam, Letters from, 114,362 

Siam, Stations and Missionaries, . . 353 
Siam, Statistics of Missions, . . . 353 
Small Colleges, ...... 382 

South America, Congress of Columbia, . 11 
South America, Gospel of John in Quichua 

Language, 146 

South Dakota, Letters from, 

43, 290, 293, 379 
Southern Girls at School, . 
Spain, Visit to the Reformed Church, 
Special Work for Young People, 
State Schools and Christian, 
State Universities and Theological Stud 
enis, ...... 

Student Volunteer, 

"Student-Volunteer Movement'* and 

''Christian Endeavor," 
Suggestions of the Census, 
Summer in Zahleh, Syria, 
Swedish Missionary, 
Synods, Notes on — Illinois, 
Synods, Notes on — Wisconsin, . 
Syria, Damascus Mission, . 
Syria, Letters from, .... 
Syrians in United States, . 
Syria, Priest's Pity for Protestant Friends, 
Syria, Scenery of Lebanon, 
Syria, School Children and^Scriptures, 
Syria, Summer in Zahleh, 
Syria, Two Faithful Laborers Early Called 

Home, 

Syria, United Prayer, 

Syria, View from Mt. Lebanon, 

Syria — Woking and Praying, 

Systematic Beneficence, Prize Essay, 

System in Giving, .... 336, 478 

Temperance 65, 229 

Tennessee, 284 

Tennessee, Letterifrom, . . . .210 

Texas, 284 

Thanksgiving and Home Missions, . . 47 
Thibetan Dictionary and Gospel, . . 395 

Thibetan Gospel, 198 

Thoughts Worth Pondering, ... 54 
Tipton, Prof. J. M., Death of, . . 387 

Topics for Meetings, 311 

Touching Acknowledgment, . . . 285 
To Whom It May Concern, . . . 389 
Transition of Mexico, .... 195 

True Light, 335 

TszeChien, 108 

Turkish Official's Offer 162 

Two Faithful Laborers Barly Called Home, 343 
Two Heroes of the Dakota Mission, • .122 



II 



456 

45 

347 

283 

463 

162 
400 

399 
120 

198 

28i 

37 
36 

148 
I, 280 

419 

58 
142 
162 
198 



343 

93 

143 
178 

64 



Indet. 



Vil 



PAOB 

64 

51 

365 

475 

477 
28 

29 

39. 201, 255 

Utah, Letters from, 127, 129, 212, 374, 376. 455 

366 
39 



l^wo i^ennies, . i . . 
Two Synods among the Preedmen, 
Unity in Christian Work, 

Universities' Mission, 

Universities or Colleges, 1. 

Unselfish Movements, 

Upward Movements, . 

Utah, 



Utah Schools, 

Utah, Where the People Live, . 

Value of Association with Those Whom 

God Loves, 141 

143 

347 
144 

422 

. 162 

377. 454, 459 
40 



View from Mt. Lebanon, 

Visit to the Reformed Spanish Church, 

Voyage in a Chinese Junk, 

Wards of the Nation to Become Citizens, 

Washington and Jefferson College, . 

Washington, Letters from, 

Washington, New Churches, 



Wellesley College, Physical Cultilre, 

Wesleyan Missionary Society, . 

West Virginia, Letter from. 

What Draws and Holds, 

What Hath G^ Wrought in Mexico? 

Where the People Live, 

Whom to Send, 

Wisconsin, Letter from 
Wisconsin, Oversight of Weak Chnrches, 
Wisconsin, Synod of, . * . 

Wisconsin, Work among Foreigners, 
Wolf Boy of Secundra, 
Woman's Work for Preedmen, . 
Woonsocket, South Dakota, 
Worship and Work, .... 

Wooden Savior, 

Work among Feeble Churches, 
Working and Talking, 
Young People's MeeUng, . 
Young, Rev. John Newton, Death of. 



PAOB 

. 150 

268,395 

209 

246 

185 
39 

310 

458 
40 

120 
40 

96 
386 

.451 

477 
62 

340 
312 

3" 
265 



WRITERS. 



Adams, Rev. M. N., . 
Adams, Rev. R. N., . 
Alexander, Mrs. J. M., 
Anderson, Rev. James, * 
Atterbury, B. C, M. D., 
Aughey, Rev. John H., 
Austin, Rev. A. B., 
Austin, Rev. B. C, . 
Babb, Rev. Clement B., 
Bachman, Rev. N., 
Billman, Rev. Howard, 
Blackburn, Rev.»W. M., 
Bohback, Rev. Philip, 
Boyd, Rev. R. P., 
Bradbury, Rev. H. C, 
Briggs, W. A., M.D., 
Brooks, Phillips, 
Brown, Rev. Hubert W., 
Butt, Rev. D.M., 
Campbell, Rev. W. R., 
Carson, Rev. H. P., 
Caswell, Mrs. H. S., 
Chalfiint, Rev. P. H., 
Chalfant, Rev. W. P., 
Chattcijee, Rev. K. C, 
Clark, Rev. Geo., 
Clemenaon, Rev. N. B., 
Cochran, Mrs. D. P., 
Coltman, Rev. Robert, 
Cook, Rev. S., . 
Cooper, Miss Larissa J.. 
Corbett, Rev. Hunter, 
Cowan, Rev. B. P., 
Curtis, Rev. P. S., 
Cuylcr, Rev. Theodore, L., 
Dennis, Rev. James S., 
Devine, Rev. John B., 
Dickson, Rev. J. S., 
Dodd, Rev. W. C, . 
Dudycha, Rev. James, 
Duncan, Rev. C. A., • 
Bdwards, Rev- Geo., . 
Edwards, Rev. John, 
Ellenwood, Rev. P. P., 
Geisinger, Miss Annie S., 



PAOB 

55. 379 
40 

• 363 
. 284 

. 150 

41, 124 

293, 373 

35 

7 
284 

427 

456 
212 

456 

127 

95 

303 
188 

376 

293 
62 

T06 

478 

33. 362 

459 

376 

393 

457 
460 

114 

258, 431 

7, 308, 467 

. 116 

9 
98, 138 
. 286 

. 47 

• 30 
. 212 

203, 210 

• 459 

• 341 
15, 272,432 

. 278 



PAoa 



Gibson, Rev. P. T 


. 51 


Gibson, Rev. J. T., . . . . 


• 385 


Gilchrist, Rev. J. J 


. 457 


Glenn, Rev. T. M., . 


40 


Godduhn, Rev. G. A., 


. 282 


Goloknath, Rev. H;, 


. 281 


Good, Rev. A. C, . . . 


. 13. 181 


Gray, Rev. Wm. C, 


- . .88 


Gould, Rev. J. Loomis, 


. 288 


Greene, Rev. J. Milton, 


. 187 


\i» Iv. A ., ••■... 


. 478 


Gunn, Rev. S. C, 


40 


Gunn, Rev. T. M., . . . . 


"9.454 


Gwynn, Rev. P. H., . . . , 


. 291 


Harris, Ira, M.D., , . . . 


. 2S0 


Haydon, W.J., 


• 50 


Hays, Rev. M. C, 


• 32 


Hepburn, James C., M.D., 


,. 29 


Herr, Rev. Charles, . . . . 


• 367 


Holcomb, Rev. James P 


. 277 


Holmes, Miss M. C, . 


. Ill 


Horsburgh, Rev. J. Heywood, . 


. 310 


Hoskins, Rev. P. B., 


. Ill 


Jacot, Rev. Herman, . . . . 


• 1^3 


Jessup, Rev. Samuel, 


. 178 


Jessup, Rev. William, 


. 198 


Johnston, Rev. James, 


. 172 


Jones, Rev. L. P., 


. 207 


Kerr, Rev. David R., 


. 381 


Kerr, J. G., M.D., • . . . 


III 


King, Rev. W. R 


• 455 


Knox, Rev. G, W., . 


21, 337 


Ellis, Rev. Charles D., 


. 41 


Elterich, Rev. W. 0., 


20 


B. M. W., 


67, 227 


Bsselstyn, Rev. L. P., 


134, 280 


Ferguson, 


. 50 


Fleming, Rev. S. B 


. 121 


Ford, Rev. Geo. A., . . . 


. 143 


Fox, Rev. Frank M., 


. . 380 


Pulton, Rev. G. W., 


. 449 


Pumeaux, Rev. Hugh J., . 


. 128 


Ganse, Rev. Hervey D., 


297, 463 


Gault, Rev. W. C, 


. . 361 


Kolb, Rev. J. B 


. 115 



Vlll 



Index. 



Laboree, Rev. B., 
Lane, Mrs. Maiy, 
Lawes, Rev. W. G., . 
X^awrence, Rev. Thomas, 
Leavens, Rev. Philo P., 
Lee, Rev. Theodore, . 
Linka,- Rev. John, 
Lowes r Rev. A. B., 
Lucas, Rev. J. J., 
Lyman^ Rev. Huntington, 
Mannering, Rev. A., . 
Martin, Rev. George W., 
Mateer, Rev. C. W., . 
Mather, Rev. E. E., . 
McAfee, Rev. George F. , 
McCartree, D. B., M.D., 
McCoy, Rev, John, . 
McGilvary, Rev. D., . 
McLean, Rev. Robert, 
Merwin, Rev. A. Moss, 
Meyer, Rev. J. H., 
Miller, Mrs. Emily Huntington, 
Miller, Rev. C. H., 
Miller, Rev. W. L., 
Mills, Rev. E. R., 
Mitchell, Miss Alice, 
Moffett, Rev. S. A., 
Montgomery, Miss Charlotte, 
Montman, Rev. J. F., 
Moore, Rev. S. F. 
Morris, Rev. E. D., . 
Nassau, Miss Isabella, 
Nelson, Rev. W. S., . 
Newhall, Prof. Charles S., 
Nugent, Rev. E. J., . 
Oglevee, Rev. J. A., . 
Owen, Addis, 
Park, Rev. Geo, W., 
Patterson, Rev. Joseph, 
Payne, Rev. H. N., . 
Phillips, Rev. J. L., . 
Pierson, Rev. George, 
Pollock, Rev. G. A., 
Pond, Rev. Theo. S., 
Potter, Mrs. J. L., 
Qnintana, Juan G., 



PAOB 

4^0 Rabbi Sarah, 

144 Riding, Rev. William, 

476 Robertson, Rev. Alexander 

294 Satterfield, Rev. D. J., 

195 Sefton, Rev. J. C, 

127 Sexton, Rev. Thomas L., 

43. 283 Shedd, Mrs. J. H., 
209 Small wood, Rev. David, 
274 Sterling, Rev. C. G., 
252 Stroh, Rev. Grant. 
271 Stryker, Pres. M. W., 
129 Taylor, Rev. J. H., . 
108 Taylor, Rev. Park W., 
211 Thomas, Rev. W. D., 

40 . Thompson, Rev. David, 

364 Thompson, Rev. James, 

129 Thompson, Rev. J. R., 

449 Thomson, Rev. Henry C, 

460 Thornton, Rev. N. W., 

43 Thwing, Rev. Clarence, M 

128 Todd, Rev. J., . 
64 Touzean, Rev. J. G., . 

44, 292 Trippe, Mrs. Sarah L., 

126 Tucker, Rev. H. A., . 
377 Turner, Rev. Wm. J., 
191 Valentine, Rev. C. S. M. D 

34 Velte, Rev. H. C, 

1 12 Vinton, C. C. , M. D., 
293 Wallace, Rev. C. W., 

33 Walter, Frederick Wardlaw 

90 Walton , Rev. James M. , 

113 Weaver, Rev. W. K., 
343 Webster, Rev. Frank G., 
131 White, Rev. W. P., . 
290 Whitlock, Rev. J. M., 

127 Williams, Rev. C. Scott, 
136 Williams, Rev. W. , . 

58 Williamson, Rev. J. R., 

293 Willson, Rev. Davis, 

346 Wilson, Rev. J. C, . 

271 Wilson, Rev. S. G.. . 

95 Wishard, Rev. S. E., 

289 Wood, Rev. F. M., . 

1 1 Wright, Prof. Frederick G. , 

363 Young, Rev. W.J. , . 

457 



D., 



255. 295, 374 



PAGE 

394 

377 

347 
386 

456 

374 

394 
211 

294 

295 
216 

424 
208, 340 

120 

448 

39 

459 
190 

464 

205 
40 
62 

144 

458 

458 

96 

33 

31.95 

293 

392 

290 

294 
201 

175 
290 

117 

378 
122 
290 

134 
114 

455 
38 

344 
290 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



PAGE 

Auburn Theological Seminary, . 4 
Auburn Theological Seminary (Welch 

Memorial Building), .... 5 

Batanga Church, 445 

Bellevue College, 382 

Coming Academy, . . ; . . 298 

Daniel Baker College, .... 131 

Design for Church, 213 

Dickey, Rev. John Miller, D. D., . . 176 

Famine Relief in Laos, .... 359 

Ganse, Rev. Hervey Doddridge, D.D., . 296 

Geneseo Collegiate Institute, Academy, . 465 
Geneseo Collegiate Institute, Atkinson 

Hall, 465 

Guatemala City, 193 

Hospital and School, Nodoa, Hainan, . 102 

India, Map of, 270 

Jhansi Field, Map of 277 



PAOB 

Lincoln University — Creason Hall — Ash- 

mun Hall — Lincoln Hall, . . .175 
Lincoln University — Mary Dod Brown Me- 
morial Chapel, 177 

Lincoln University — University Hall, 174 

Mackay, Alexander M., . . . 61 

Mexico City, Interior of Normal School 

for Girls 189 

Missionary Residence, Batanga, . . 447 
Mitchell, Rev. Arthur, .... 424 

Moressa Khanun, 393 

Mt. St. Elias, 344 

Muir Inlet, 345 

Mwang, Kinj; of Uganda. . . .314 

Rubaga, Capital of Uganda, . . .313 
Ruins, Old Mission, Tumacacori, . 427 

Siam and Laos, Map of, . . . . 354 

Utah, Map of, 377 

Wolf-Boy of Secundra, .... 97 



U Nsswu Street. New Tort. 



uNcour mnvEBsiTT 

, Our 30th AcademicHl year began in September 
with larger classes than ever. 

A new Hall for InBtmction wbs completed in 
the summer vacation. It haa 17 ample roome, 
well tinishcd and tiimished. It is built and 
equipped withont debt. Hard by stands our 
new and beantifnl chapel, the generous gifl of a 
ladr friend. 

The College and Theological Faculties, with 
their Nine Professcra, are provided for, ineuf- 
ficiently indeed, buf there is no appeal for more. 

The liberal bequests recently received have 
been spenton the foundations of this work, to 
enUm and BtiengtLen them. But now the 
nhe^ of our progresB are blocked. We can 
build nothing on our new foundations till you 
give na a new dormitory for the many approved 
candidates waiting to enter t&c classes. Our 
most earnest appe^ to you is for this ($3o,ocx>). 

This btuden we carry is too heavy without 
your help. Make provision for the support of 
these young men, {130 a year, or its equivalent 
— the interest of a permanent endowment of 
|3,aoo or $3,500. 

In making bequests, note that our corporate 
title is "Lincoln University." in Chester 
County, Pa. 

Rev. A. T. Rankin, D.D., Greensburg, Ind,, 
Is our Western Agent. Rev. W. P. White, 
Gennantown, Penn'a, is Assistant Secretary ; 
Rev. Edward Webb, Oiford, Penn'a, is Fiuan- 
cial Secretary, L. U. ; to wliom youi gifts may 
be sent and your inqnires addressed. 

W. fl, MHaHAM. Prai't ft TruttoW.L. U. 

SCOTIA seminary' " 

A HIgb SchO'>l for ooloreil Kirls under the ears of tb« 
Boarit far F^edmeu and tbe Waiaen'n Ex. Comuiittee 
lot Home Mlsilons of tbe PrMbjterijui Church. 
porsted a&der the lam ot North CaroUni. LeiaL 
" The BcoUft MBmilUktj," Concord, N. C. The HiiR 
to all property Is vwled by tbe chuter lb Ihn I 

DonkilaDs solicited to a permanent lund whici 

provide For theiularlflBol Che teacherBand supply: 

anbipB and ttiae rellBie tbe treuiurj ol the ilnnnl 

D, J. RATTERU'lRr.n, Preslrt 



i. IllC 



On tbe Stock of the 



JASPER GOITY TITLE Ai 
IN VESTMENT 00. 

CAPITAL. feo,000.00 (Paid Up). 



Investors will have their Stock Guaranteed 
bjr First Mortgage Notes secnred by Seal Estate. 

Stock offered for sale limited to fao.ooo.oo. 

For particulars, aildress, 

HORACE B. MA&TIN 
Carthage, Ho. Investment Broker 



ECONOMY 

riomTEriATml 

I COMBINATION heaters! 
I WARM AIR FURNACES 



WILSON COLLEGE FOR Y0UN6 WOMEN. 

Fifty miles aouthweat of lIirrlBDure, In rimoiin C'um- 
herbui'< Vftlley. Border climate. avniilinE biPak north. 
»» per year for boar.l, room. etc.. aod all Colieae 
ntudlee. Handsome Park, Lar^e BiiilrlioKX. Steam 
Heat. Gymnailum. Obaerratory, Laboratory, etc. En i 
domed by Pennsylvmla Synod, Baltimore Mynod and ' 
Presbytery. Freshycery of Carlisle, etc. i 



THE YOUNG LADIES' SEMINARY. | 

FREEHOLD, NEW JERSEY. 

Healthful location, tiood leachera. Pleatact family 
lite. Penoaal care tor pupile. Fall term opened .Sept. | 
14th, 1B93. I 

Principal, MISS EUNICE D. 8EWELL. 



THE GHDRGH AT HOME AND ABROAD, 



JArfUARY, 1893, 



CONTENTS. 

The New Year. Editorial, 

Auburn Theological Seminary, Editorial, 

Californm, Clement E. Badd, D.D,f 

Enemy at the Door, Theodore L, Cuyler, D,D,^ 

Congress of Colombia as a Society for Church Erection, Rev. Theo, S. Pond, 

Exploring Interior of West Africa, Rev. A. C, Goody Ph.D,^ 

Is the Missionary Work a Rescue? F. F. Ellinwood^ D,D,, 

FOREIGN niSSIONS. 

Notes. — Treasurer's Statement — Monthly Concert Pages — Reinforcements — Centenary of 
Modem Missions — Work of A. B. C. F. M. — Hopeful Conversions in Korea— Visit 
to Shantung Yillaires — Loyal Responses — Missionary Calendar — Scattering the Gifts 
—Relief Work in Teheran—Closing and Sealing Up of School Buildings in Tabriz 
— Out'ook in Japan, 

Concert of Prayer.— General Review of Missions — What the Spirit Saith to the Churches 
— Forwarel Movements — Unselfish Movements— Upward Movements, 

Letters. — Japan, The First Christian Literature, Dr, D, B. McCartee; Laos, First Laos 
Tract, Rev, W, C. Dodd; Korea, Euiju via Manchuria, Dr. C. C, Vinton; Pro- 
gress in West Japan. Rev. M. C. Hays ; India, A Converted Faquir, /^ev. K. C. 
Chatterjee; Cholera and Fever, Rev. if. C. Velte; Korea, Welcome to Korea, Rev. 
F. S. Moore, . * 



8 

4 

7 

9 

11 

18 

15 



18-21 
22-29 



80-84 



HonE nissiONS. 

Notes.— New England— Whither?— Joseph of Chllcat, Rev. B. E. Austin, SithaSynodB 
of Wisconsin and Illinois— Novel Sensation— First Holland Presbyterian Church, 
Maihattan, Monfana— Vacant Fields in Iowa— Sitka Training School— Pastor Butt's 
First Charge — North Dakota— Growth in California— Utah— Where the People 
Live— "Our German Work"— How New Churches Take Shape in Washington 
State — Synod of Wisconsin — Boston Scotch Church— Minnesota— Oklahoma- 
Michigan 8(M1 

Concert of Prayer.— *• The New West," 41-48 

Letters.— South Dakota, Bohemians Becoming Americans. Rev. John Linka; California, 

Rev. A. Moss Merwin; Oklahoma, Rev. C. H. Miller, 48-44 

Alpine Shepherd, 44 

Southern Girh at School (JVl Y. Tribune), 45 

Chinaman's Witty Hit 46 

Thanksgiving and Home Missions, Rev. J. S. Dickson, 47 

H. M. Appointments, .•.•«•. ••^, • .' ^ 

PUBLICATION AND SABBATH SCHOOL WORK.— Testimony of Synod of Wisconsm 
—8. 8. and Mission Work : Its Nature, Objects, Methods, Oversight, Results— Seed 
for Everlasting Garners— Need of the Work, JT.y. //iyfl5w», . . . . . 49-51 

FREEDMEN.— Two Svnods Among the Freedmen, Catawba and Atlantic— Scotia Semi- 
nary, i?«/./- ^•^*'*^^. .•.•„• ^^'^ 

CHURCH ERECTION— How the Account Stands— Thought Worth Pondering— Indian 

Church at Long Hollow, S. D.— From Findlay, O.— From Indian Reservations, N. 

Y. State. ^%-^ 

EDUCATION.— Article in Presbyterian Quarterly— Interesting Letters, .... 56-67 

MISCELLANY.— A Priest's Pity for Protestant Friends— The Parsees— Abyssinia, . . 5a-69 

THOUGHTS ON BABBATHSCHOOL LESSONS, • • ^ 

CHILDREN'S CHURCH AT HOME AND ABROAD.— Mackay of Uganda— A Wooden 
Savi r— Grandmother Destroytown— Letters About the Korean Boys' Picture- 
Two Pennies. ... 61-64 

SYSTEMATIC BENEFICENCE,— Prize Essay J* 

TEMPERANCE— Action of Svnods. ^^55 

GLEANINGS AND NECROLOGY « • v . ^- ^^ 

BOOK NOTICED.— Missionary Landscapes— Divine Art of Preachinff— Story of J. G. ^^^ 
Paton for Young Folks— Ten Years' Digging in Egypt— Story of Uganda and the 

Nyasaa Mission— The Fifth Gospel, "^1^ 

BECEIPTS, ^*"^ 



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY'S COMMinEE. 



Rev. JOHN S. Macintosh, D.D., chairman, 
Rev. CHARLES A. DICKEY, D.D., Rev. STEALY B. ROSSITER, D.D., 
ANSON D. F. RANDOLPH, Esq., Rev. HENRY T. McEWEN, 
WARNER VAN NORDEN, ESQ., Rev. STEPHEN W. DANA, D.D., 
Hon. ROBERT N. WILLSON, Rev. CHAS. L. THOMPSON, D.D., 

JOHN H. DEY, Esq., . Rev. F. F. ELLINWOOD, D.D., 

Rev. WILLIAM C. ROBERTS, D.D. 



The price of the Church at Home and Abroad is One Dollar 

per year, payable in advance. No new subscription is re- 
ceived without the payment of one dollar accompanying it. 
But subscriptions, not accompanied with directions to dis- 
continue at the end of the time paid for, will be continued 
and bills will be sent to remind the subscriber that 
another payment is due. 



Issued November z4Ut. 



ANEW MYJMN AND TUNE 

JPor use iu Presbyterian Churches 




By the RMV. Chas, S. Robinson, D.D., l,l„D. 



** The New Laudes Domini ^''^ we cojifidently believe to be the most comprehensive 
and practical book for congregational sifigifig yet issued. It is enriched by many fresh 
hymns of wonderful spirituality afid poetic beauty ^ and nearly every one of its tunes is 
marked by a characteristic melody^ and can be su7ig by the average congregation. 
* * Tht New Laudes Domini * ' is calculated to be popular in the best sense. 

Mechanically it is unequalled. All the type used is new^ and was chosen especially 
for this book. The press-work is of the best. By rising thin but opaque paper we are 
enabled to furnish more hymns and tunes with less weight and bulk. It is a real surprise 
to find that such a wide range of hymns {1206) and of tunes (^75) can be furnished in 
large clear type making a book only threefourths of an inch in thickness, 

A novel feature in this issue is the pocket edition (i6mo,)y which is reproduced from, 
the large book^ containing all the hymns and tunes in facsimile^ the size of the printed 
page being jl^xj^ inches. ' Sample copies free to pastors and committees, 

^^ Laudes Domini for the Prayer Meeting ^^^ and ** Laudes Domifii for the Sunday- 
school^ ^ complete the series. For descriptive circulars y terms ^ etc.y address y 

THE C^^TURY CO,, 33 M, 17th Street^ ^ew YorJ^ 



k^yUiU- ^^C^Jy. cIa^-^<. 



THE CHURCH 

AT HOME AND ABROAD 



JANUARY, 1803. 



THE NEW YEAR. 



The Church at Home and Abroad 
oomes to its readers at the beginning of its 
seventh year^ with hearty and thankfal 
Xew Year greeting. At no time since his 
work began has its editor been more 
encouraged by kind letters from its readers, 
than in the closing weeks of 1892. At no 
time have all who are associated in the 
editorial and the business management of 
the magazine been more in harmony or 
more cheerful in hope. Never before 
have we had more satisfactory arrange- 
ments, or more efficient helpers, for secur- 
ing a continuous supply and skillful 
presentation of desired information and 
wise thought, concerning the work of the 
church in onr own and other lands, in our 
own and other denominations. It is 
encouraging to find that these efforts for 
steady improvement are appreciated by 
intelligent and attentive readers. One 
such, a venerable minister in Wilmington, 
Delaware, lately wrote these pleasant and 
encouraging words to us: 

^'I do not see how any one who says: 
' Thy kingdom come,' and contributes to 
the extension of that kingdom^ can fail of 
wishing to learn whether his prayers are 
being answered and his money well placed ; 
and I put it among the best means of 
home religions education, to induce the 
children to r^ the vumonary Uterature, 



till they acquire a taste for such substan- 
tial and wholesome information. 

In our monthly, we have reports from 
the Secretaries in every department of our 
church work; letters from the field giving 
details of the individual mission circles, 
with the manners and customs of native 
peoples among whom they live. Still, my 
desire to know what is going on in the 
whole world, leads me, first of all, to 
what you call 

Gleanings at Home and Abroad. 

Because of the numerous demands upon 
time for business, political and religious 
activities, and the vast issue of books and 
periodicals in this most busy age of a busy 
world, I am satisfied to have all articles 
condensed, and the Gleaning department 
enlarged by the collection of substantial 
facts and events, from the multitudinous 
religious publications, that the Christian 
mind may be filled with joy, ' thank God, 
and take courage,' for further labors.*' 

From a layman in Michigan comes the 
following : 

"Enclosed find two dollars— one to renew 
my subscription for 1893, and the other in 
response to your suggestion in December 
number to get one subscriber each, or 
make a holiday present of a year's subscrip- 
tion for a friend. This is the latter." 

Santa Glaus already takes more copies 
than any other fellow. But we hope that 
he will take many more copies this year 
thvi 9ver before, 

8 



4 Auburn TTieoloffieal Seminary. [January, 

AUBURN THEOLOGICAL SEMINAET. 

Tlie recent laying ot the corner Btone of Beminary bnildings as seen from the north, 

a new building, in memory of Professor that is, from the rear. The hailding on 

the left, or to- 
ward the bottom 
of the page, is the 
library erected in 
1871, a gift to the 
seminary from 
Wm. E. Dodge, 
Sr.,and Edwin B. 
Morgan. The one 
on the right is 
named Mobqan 
Hall, Hon. Ed- 
win B. Morgan 
having given 
$75,000 of the 
«100,000 which it 
cost. It ia the 
seminary dormi- 
tory containing 
ample lodgings for 
seventy-six stn- 
denta. 

As we look be- 
tween the two 
already men- 
tioned, we see the 
back side of the 
original seminary 
building, erected 
in 1830. This has 
now been demol- 
ished and so much 
of its material as 
ie available is to 
be wrought into 
the Welch Me- 
morial Build- 
ing, which is now 
in prooeaa of erec- 
tion according to 
the picture on the 
Welch and Dr. Willard, gives suitable occa- opposite page. The picture on this page 
sion for calling our readers' attention to it. is the same which is seen in Dr. Hay's 
Thepictnre on this page represents the " Peesbttwilans," page 205. 



I8d8.] 



Autmm Theologicat Seminary. 



The ireatem port of the Bew building ia 
WiLLAED Chapel. To the northwest a 
boiler hoaee ia to be erected, of anfiicient 
capacity for supplying beat by steam to all 
the eeminary bnildinga. The entire cost 
of the Willard chapel ia met by the 
daoghters of the late Dr. Sylveater Wil- 
lard. The remaining coat of the new 
baildinga, which will not be far from 
$55,000, ia provided for by a bequest in 
the last will and testament of the late 
Profeaaor Bansom B. Welch, and by a 
lai^ gift from Mr. Henry A. Morgan, 
with a few thouaand dollars in smaller 
aubBcriptions. 

The new bnilding ia placed on the north- 
em half of the campna, fronting aonth- 
ward. In front of it and between the 
Library and Morgan Hall is the central 
part of the campns opening beaotif nlly to 
view aa one passes on Seminary Street 
along the sonth side of the campna, or 
comes up Seminary Avenne from the 
Bontb, directly in front. 

These buildings wonld have little inter- 
est to most of onr readers, and no claim 
to be described in thia magazine apart 
from the aacred naes to which they are 
dedicated. These are impressively set 
forth in the following extracts from the 
address of Professor Beecber at the laying 
of the comer stone : 

In Auburn, we try to keep in mind tbnt the 
chief end of a theological seminary is the train- 
ing of men to be pastors and misslonarieH. This 
Is not so eaaj as one might think. Several cur- 
rant tendencies are against It. There is a strong 
tendency, for example, to regard that course as 
the beat in which three or four men out of a 
bandred can make the largest acquirements In 
special lines of theological knowledge. There 
is a different tendency which exalts training in 
mere form and manner, at the cost of training 
la substance and matter. There is still a differ' 
ent tendency which especially alms to make men 
champions of one or another theological view. 
The temptations to go astray are difficult to 
resist.* We think they are leas so here than In 
institutions differently situated. We aim at the 
highMt standard of acholarshlp and intellectual 



would like to train men to be perfect in personal 
manners and Is literary execution and In oratory, 
attainment, but we subordinate this to the aim 
of making good pastors and n 



but always with the end In view that they may 
be more effective in the ministry. We want 
them to have a correct theology, and to be able 
to defend It, but only as a means to the end that 
they may the better lead men to Christ, 



Auburn Theological Seminary. 



[Januaryy 



On the day when the pastor of the First Pres- 
byterian Church of Auburn held the plough that 
marked the first furrow for the seminary build- 
ing, there were scores of newly found churches 
in all this region, and those churches were crying 
for pastors. His heart had been wrung in view 
of the famine of the Word that preyailed here. 
He had labored for a seminary, largely that 
these needs might be met. He had set his heart 
on haying it built, as David set his heart on 
building a temple to the Lord. But when the 
Lord's message came to David, and he went in 
before the Lord to pour out the joy of his full 
heart, he had nos one word to say of temple 
building. Qod had given him a vision of the 
eternal throne on which his seed should reign, 
and the thought of the temple was lost in this 
larger thought. And so when Mr. Lansing's 
hopes were at last approaching realization, the 
work on which he had set his heart having 
begun, he had not one word to say of these pas- 
torless new churches in central New York. God 
gave him that day a larger vision, in which the 
local aspects of the work were lost. Let me 
quote you a sentence or two of what he said, in 
his address: 

'* We find that the kingdom that has been pur- 
chased by the blood of the Lamb is to be per- 
petuated among men, and to extend its benign 
and heavenly influences among the nations, until 
all should know the Lord through the instru- 
mentality of the prayers and the labors and the 
liberal charities of its friends." 

'* Did we dare to indulge to the full extent our 
fond anticipations . . . . , we should present you 
with another Newell, or a Parsons, or a Fisk, 
here devoting themselves to the service of the 
heathen, or consecrating their soul and body a 
living sacrifice to God, for the purpose of gath- 
ering the scattered offspring of the house of 
Israel." 

Have the anticipations of the pastor of the 
First Presbyterian Church of Auburn been rea- 
lized? Answer Titus Coan and his colleagues, 
and the thousands of Hawaiians whom they 
received to the church of Christ. Answer the 
scores of men who, while that old building stood, 
went to every clime preaching the Word. An- 
swer the men who stand in the forefront in 
redeemed Japan, to-day. Answer the present 
pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Au- 
burn, as he goes from the laying of this corner 
stone to welcome within the walls of his church 
the representatives of forty seminaries, meeting 
to consider how the world is to be won for 
Christ. Whatever else the walls of Auburn 



stand for, or the walls of any other seminary, let 
them stand for the accomplishing of the prayer: 
**Thy Kingdom come, thy will.be done, as in 
Heaven so on earth. " 



The Constitution of Anbum Seminary 
differs from that of any other such insti- 
tution in connection with our Church. 
It is under the care and control of the 
Presbyteries which were in the old Synod 
of Geneva and ae many more as have vol- 
untarily associated themselves with them 
for this purpose. These are now eighteen, 
viz. : Albany, Binghamton, Buffalo, Ca- 
yuga, Champlain, Chemung, Columbia, 
Genesee, Geneva, Lyons, Niagara, Otsego, 
Bochester, St. Lawrence, Steuben. Syra- 
cuse, Troy, and Utica. These Presby- 
teries exercise their control through a 
Board of Commissioners, three members 
of which — two ministers arid one elder- 
are elected by each of them. The Commis- 
sioners hold the office for three years and 
are so arranged in classes that each Pres- 
bytery elects one of its Commissioners 
every year. 

The Board of Commissioners elects the 
Professors, and also the Trustees who are 
the responsible custodians of the property, 
and have, jointly with the Faculty, the 
immediate charge of the work and disci- 
pline of the seminary. 

This control by a good number of Pres- 
byteries seems to be a happy via media 
between direct subjection to General As- 
semblies and entire independence of eccle- 
siastical control. The plan has worked 
safely and happily for nearly three quar- 
ters of a century, and no objection to it is 
heard of. 

In its instruction also Auburn has held 
fast the golden mean of Christian The- 
ology^ going most safely between the 
extremes of slavish subjection to human 
dogmas on the one hand and irreverent 
speculation beyond or beside the divine 
written word on the other. 



1893.] 



California. 



CALIFORNIA. 

CLEMENT E. BABB, D. D. 



New York is known as the Empire 
State. Bat four States as large as New 
York coald be carved out of California 
and leave enough over for a New Jersey 
of the Pacific Coast Texas is the largest 
of our sovereign States. But California, 
with its 190,000 square miles, is a good 
second. It has a far greater variety of 
surface, scenery, climate, soil, and pro- 
ducts than Texas or any other of its sister 
States. Snow-clad mountains look down 
upon valleys where orange trees are full of 
ripe fruit. The traveler seeking health 
can go in a few hours from resinous pine 
forests to sheltered ocean coves, where 
frost never comes. As to flowers^ we need 
no conservatories, even for the tenderest 
exotics. What is mid-winter in the North 
Atlantic States, is our season of roses and 
of the gorgeous blossoming of almond 
orchards. 

I am to write about Misrion work over 
here ; but I must say, in passing, California 
has the biggest trees on the continent — 
three forests of them. It has the most 
wonderful valley, as all agree who have 
visited the Yosemite. It has the best 
quicksilver mines on this side of the 
Atlantic. It has the largest vineyards and 
orange and apricot orchards in the United 
Stat^. It has the largest telescope in the 
world, and will have, until the new one 
for Chicago is completed. It has the 
most liberally endowed University in 
America, though one of the youngest. 
Leland Stanford, Junior, is not worth 
less than thirty millions, and it has already 
nearly eight hundred students. 

California was first known to the world 
as a discovery of the Spanish navigators, 
and became, in the eighteenth century a 
province or department of Mexico. It was 
occupied by a few wandering tribes of 
lodiaps. The Franciscan friars estab- 
lished missions along the coast from San 
Diego as far north as San Francisco, then 
called Yerba Buena. At each of these 
Missions there was a company of soldiers, 
sent by the government to help the 
padres christianize the Indians. They did 
not try to civilize them, but only to cap- 
ture them, baptize them, and then set them 
to work under the surveillance of the 



soldiers. The sole result to-day, of a long 
century of this kind of Missionary enter- 
prise is seen in a few ruined adobe churches. 
"With a truer ideal of Christianity, those 
Franciscans might have built up here a 
Christian State long before our Bepublic 
was born, in 1776. They were earnest, 
zealous and self-denying, but they were 
ignorant of the first principles of the doc- 
trine of Christ. 

When our government declared war 
against Mexico, Commodore Sloat sailed 
to Monterey, then the capital, and took 
possession of the province in the name of 
the United States. Captain Fremont 
marched overland and co-operated with 
the Commodore. There was a little de- 
sultory fighting, but those two officers 
kept possession until the close of the war. 
By the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, 
Mexico ceded California to the United 
States. Probably neither party regarded 
it as of much value, but its cession just at 
that time is one of the wonderful provi- 
dences of this nineteenth century. The 
treaty was signed on the 2nd of February, 
1848. Of course the news of its execution 
did not reach the Pacific coast for many 
months, and news from this side went 
eastward very slowly over the plains or 
around Cape Horn. The commissions at 
Guadalupe Hidalgo little dreamed what a 
transfer they were making. But in Jan- 
uary, 1848, about two weeks before the 
transfer, gold was discovered at Sutter's 
Mill, near where Sacramento the capitol 
now stands. That news did not lag ; it 
seemed to have been caught up into the 
air and carried by the winds around the 
globe. And what crowds of argonauts 
started when they heard it! Who cared 
for distance or difficulties when he knew 
or thought that he could work a fortune 
out of those golden sands! 

And what did the church do for the 
thousands who were crowding to the land 
of gold? Worldly prudence no doubt 
suggested that it would be well to wait 
until the excitement subsided; that to 
send out a few soul-hunters with the 
seething crowd of gold-hunters would cost 
a great deal, and the results might be 
sadly disappointing. But the leading 



8 



California. 



{Janvary^ 



spirits in both the branches into which 
our chnrch was then diyided were men of 
faith; and there are no brighter pages in 
the historj of Home Missions than those 
which record their heroic efforts to plant 
the blue banner beside the stars and stripes 
on the Pacific coast. 

In December, 1848, Eev. T. Dwight 
Hunt, a member of the Presbytery of 
Oenesee, came to San Francisco from the 
Sandwich Islands. He was engaged at 
once by the better element in that town 
of tents and shanties to act as chaplain at 
large, with the distinct understanding that 
he would not organize a chnrch of any 
kind for a year. Knowing of his presence 
on the coast the N. S. Assembly in May 
1849, appointed Bevs. J. W. Douglass 
and S. H. Willey, recent graduates of 
Union Theological Seminary as mission- 
aries to California, and constituted the 
Presbytery of San Francisco, consisting of 
those two missionaries and Mr. Hunt. 
These three brethren met in San Francisco 
Oct. 17, 1849, and organized. Only one 
church was reported, namely, that of San 
Jose, then the capitol of the State. This 
church was organized by Mr. Douglass 
Oct. 7, 1849, with six members, four men 
and two women. During the summer 
Bev. J. H. Brayton and Bev. W. W. 
Brier commissioned by the Board of Home 
Missions arrived, and the nuclei of 
churches were gathered in various locali- 
ties. 

The Old School Board of Domestic 
Missions early in 1849 commissioned the 
men who are still spoken of affectionately 
as **The Three Ws." They were Bev. 
Sylvester Woodbridge, Bev. Albert Wil- 
liams and Bev. James Woods. Mr. Wood- 
bridge arrived first, in March, '49, on the 
first Pacific Mail Steamer via Panama. 
Mr. Williams came a month later by the 
same route, and Mr. Woods, who went 
around Gape Horn, did not arrive until 
January, 1850. Mr. Woodbridge located 
in Benicia, on the north side of the bay, 
where he and many others supposed that 
the great city of the future would be. 
Bev. Albert Williams decided to labor in 
San Francisco, where he organized the 
First Presbyterian Church on May 20, 
1849. Bev. James Woods selected Stock- 
ton, a rising town on the way to the gold 
fields, as his parish. These three brethren 



met in Benicia in February, 1850, and or- 
ganized the Presbytery of California. The 
Synod of The Pacific was constituted by 
the 0. S. General Assembly in May, 1852, 
consisting of the presbyteries of California, 
Stockton and Oregon. That of Aha Cali- 
fornia was constituted by the N. S. As- 
sembly in 1857, consisting of the presby- 
teries of San Francisco, San Jose and 
Sierra Nevada. These two feeble synods 
covered a territory of nearly 300,000 square 
miles and it contained a population in 
1850, at the very beginning of our mis- 
sionary work, of over 100,000. And this 
number, in 1860, before these few mis- 
sionaries could even explore this field, had 
increased to nearly 450,000. There were 
less than fifty ministers, about one to each 
10,000! No wonder that the brethren in 
both branches of the divided church, with 
this tremendous pressure upon them, were 
earnest reunionists. They worked in broth- 
erly love side by side^ but they wanted to 
be one in organization as well as in spirit. 
In due time, in God's time, as we all 
know, the reunion came. The presbyteries 
were reconstructed. The name of the 0. 
S. Synod — Pacific — was adopted, and the 
united body entered upon a new career of 
activity and success. 

In the Minutes of 1892 the synod, now 
called California for the first time, by 
order of the General Assembly, reported 
233 ministers, 229 churches and 17,312 
communicants. We have about 200 houses 
of worship, worth, with our institutions 
of learning, over $2,000,000. Ten synods 
report more communicants than that of 
California, but only six report larger in- 
vestments in church buildings and other 
Presbyterian real estate. The number of 
additions on examinations to all the 
churches under care of the General As- 
semby last year was 57,476, an average of 
less than seven per cent. The like addi- 
tions to the churches in the Synod of Cali- 
fornia numbered 1232, an average of over 
seven per cent. This comparison shows 
that we are not growing by immigration 
merely, but are cultivating our own hard 
field with some success. 

In contributions to objects of Christian 
benevolence at home and abroad California 
is the banner synod. The average contri- 
bution in the whole church, last year, was 
a little less than 116.00 to a communi- 



1893,] 



The Enemy at Our Door. 



cant. But in Oalifornia it was 136.60, 
more than doable the average contriba- 
tion iQ the whole church. 

This is not because the wealth of Cali- 
fornia is in our churches. The millionaires, 
with a single exception, are not Presbyte- 
rians, but Unitarians, Bomanists and Ma- 
terialists. The true reason is that 

IT COSTS MORE 

to be a Presbyterian in California than in 
any other State in the Union. Beal estate 
is high in all our prosperous towns and 
cities; but Presbyterians don't want their 
churches on an alley or a back street. 
They seek a location that, being choice, is 
costly. Then, thus far, both lumber and 
labor have been higher here than elsewhere. 
And last, and worst of all, when the little 
band has struggled hard to secure its lot 
and erect its sanctuary, the county asses- 
sor and the city assessor come and tax the 
property at its full market value. So, al- 
though the Presbyterians dedicate their 
churches to the Lord, Csesar claims an 
interest in them, and the trustees have to 
pay into the public treasury an annual as- 
sessment that increases their current ex- 
penses from five to fifteen per cent. That 
is how we learn to be liberal in Cali- 
fornia. We find that we have to give or 

GIVE UP. 

All honor to those brave and self-deny- 
ing pioneers of Presbyterianism on the 
Pacific Coast. Of the early if not the 
earliest twelve, only two survive. Bray- 
ton, one of the saintliest of my Seminary 
classmates, died early. Woodbridge, Woods, 
Hunt, Douglass, Pierpont, Brier, Spear 
and others whom I cannot now recall, 
lived longer, but none of them to old age. 
The only survivors of the ministers who 
came in 1489-50 are Eev. S. H. Willey, 



D. D., who is principal of a Female Semi- 
nary in San Francisco, and Rev. Albert 
Williams, organizer of the First Presbyte- 
rian Church in San Francisco. Bro. 
Williams is resting from a long life of 
successful pastoral and educational work 
at West Orange, N. J. 

The few mustard seeds that those men 
scattered, in what seemed a moral wilder- 
ness, have sprung up and there are now 
hundreds of Presbyterian churches over 
plain and valley, over mountain slope and 
summit from San Diego to Virginia City 
and from Arizona to Oregon. It is yet a 
hard field, for we have only one communi- 
cant to 200 of the population, and that 
population is so scattered that there are 
only twelve inhabitants on an average to 
a square mile; we may say two families! 
But as fully half of our gregarious Cali- 
fornians are crowded into cities of over 
5000 inhabitants, and half of the rest are 
grouped in towns or in compact orchard 
settlements where 30 families live on a 
square mile, the reader can see how widely 
scattered several hundred thousand of our 
population must be. They are in the 
mountains and the deserts as sheep with- 
out a shepherd, and we must send mis- 
sionaries to seek and to save them. An 
hundred men could find plenty of hard 
yet hopeful work here if the Board had the 
means to sustain them. 

Think of it! California has nearly 
doubled its population four times in forty 
years. If this ratio of increase should 
continue we would have 20,000,000 in 
1930— or if it doubled only three times 
we should have over 10,000,000. What a 
prospective empire to stimulate the faith 
and liberality of those who sing : 

" Jesus shall reign wherever the sun 
Does his suco^ive journeys run." 



THE ENEMY AT OUR DOOR. 

THEODORE L. OUYLEK, D. D. 



Most of our readers may be familiar 
with the story of John Biandolph, who 
called upon a lady friend and finding her 
busy in making up clothing for the Greeks 
— ^pointed to her own ragged children in 
the yard, and said to her: ^^ Madam the 
Greeks seem to be at your own door.'^ In 
the pages of this magazine, appear con- 



stant appeals (none two many or too ur- 
gent) to supply the hideous destitutions of 
the bread of life among the heathen and 
in frontier settlements and city slums. 
There is a terrible enemy who is not only 
pushing his way into the Congo country, 
but working his deadly havoc in every 
community over our land. The bottle is 



10 



The Enemy at Our Door. 



[January^ 



i 



% 

It 



* 

'% 



greedier than the horse-leech ; the worm 
of the still is, "a worm that never 
dies." 

A vigorous political party is contending 
that the most effectual way to crush this 
enemy of homes and descroyer of souls is 
to suppress by law, all the saloons. A 
most desirable result indeed for which 
every Christian Patriot may well pray and 
labor; but a vast number of young men 
are made tipplers outside of the saloons, 
and as long as the drinking -nsAgeB go on 
unchecked it is morally impossible to sup- 
press all Arink'Sellinff. We hear much 
also in these days of a wonderful cure for 
drunkenness. Even grant that there be 
such a medicine which cures permanently 
a large percentage of inebriates, it is at 
best only a picking up and a patching up of 
wrecks that have gone over the cataract. 
If the Church of Jesus Christ has no 
other mission than to fish up wrecks below 
the Niagaras of sin, and try to mend them, 
then the church is mainly a failure. The 
true place for that church is far above the 
cataract with its appliances of prevention 
to keep people out of the treacherous 
rapids. The one best time for a young 
man or woman to stop drinking intoxi- 
cants is before they begin. All our Sun- 
day-schools, and a larger part of the 
Christian Endeavor Society's work are 
conducted on this principle of prevention. 
An ounce of it is worfch, in most cases, a 
ton of attempted cures. Whatever may 
be done in any community to suppress the 
accursed drinking-dens, high or low, by 
civil law, it is manifestly the duty of 
Christ's Church to war against the drink- 
ing-usages. Every father and mother, 
every pastor, everj^ teacher, every Christ- 
ian has an interest in this ; for if a gener- 
ation of abstainers could be trained up, 
there would be but few customers to de- 
mand or to sustain the saloons. On the 
other hand even if prohibition of the 
saloons be attempted and the drinking- 
customs go on unchecked, the bottle would 
work its fatal havoc in the home, in clubs 
and social circles. 

All these thiugs being undeniable, it 
seems to me that Christ's Church is as 
clearly bound to fight drunkenness and 
the customs which lead to drunkenness as 
it is to fight paganism or infidelity or 
sabbath-breaking or any other soul-destroy- 



ing evil. It is not merely a bodily disease, 
but a soul-damning sin that we are to 
contend against^ And in this warfare 
against the bottle there is a safe ground 
and a broad common ground on which all 
ministers and churches ought to be able 
to stand together. It is admitted that 
some wild and extravagant declarations 
have been made by certain advocates of 
teetotalism, whose zeal outruns their dis- 
cretion. Equally absurd things have been 
uttered by some well-meaning advocates 
of Christianity ; but Christianity and tee- 
totalism have survived the blunders of 
both fools and fanatics. A great deal of 
time and temper have been wasted in hot 
controversies about a few difficult texts in 
the Bible. Those " six water pots" of 
Cana have been made to hold millions of 
gallons of maddening alcoholic wine and 
Bourbon whiskey as well. It is quite 
enough for us to know that God's word 
thunders against drunkenness, but does 
not breathe a whisper against entire 
abstinence from wine or whiskey, opium 
or tobacco. It pronounces wine to 
be a mocker and declares that however 
attractive be the wine-glass, it conceals 
the " serpent and the adder." It shuts 
the door of heaven against the drunkard 
and by fair inference against the drunkard- 
maker. It declares that a Christian's 
body should be a temple of the Holy Spirit; 
surely never to be turned into a dram-den 
or a mad-house. It also most distinctly 
declares that '* it is good " (t. e. it is com- 
mendable and right) " not to drink wine, 
or anything whereby our brother stum- 
bleth." That prince of Scriptural preach- 
ers, Spurgeon, found no difficulty in either 
practising total abstinence or in preaching 
it from his pulpit; he affirmed that 
'*grape- juice had been more deadly than 
grape-shot." Glorious old John G. Paton 
wears the blue ribbon of teetotalism in 
his button- hole; and so does Newman 
Hall, and Canon Wilberforce. Mackay 
of TJganda, said that the gospel could 
make no headway in Africa unless it was 
allied with total abstinence. Surely it 
was no crude, or fanatical, or unbiblical 
theory of morals which Lyman Beecher, 
and Albert Barnes, and Thomas Guthrie 
preached and which William E. Dodge, 
George H. Stuart, and Dwight L. Moody, 
have practised. 



i 



1893.] The Congress of Colombia as a Society for Church Erection. 



11 



There is broad common ground on which 
all our ministerB and Sunday-school teachers 
can stand in an aggressive warfare against 
the drink-customs. There is an impera- 
tive reason why every parent should keep 
the decanter out of the way of tempting 
his or her children. There is moreover a 
crying need for a revival both in pulpit 
and Sunday-school and home, of old-fash- 
ioned total abstinence propagandism. Our 
churches have looked too much to the 
Casear of civil law to perform a duty 
which God has laid on them with a tre- 
mendous emphasis. Just as soon relegate 
the questions of honesty and Sabbath- 
observance to the baton of the policeman. 
Strong drink does not merely corrupt 
politics, and breed crime and desolate 
homes; it damns precious souls for whom 
Jesus died ! 

There is a logical necessity, therefore 
that the Church of Christ should antagon- 
ize not only the dram-shop, but the dram; 
not only the saloon, but the social glass. 
Elementary teachings against alcohol 
should go into the public schools, and all 
our Sunday-schools ought to be supplied 
with such wholesome literature as our 
Presbyterian Board of Publication and the 
National Temperance Society are issuing. 
Nay more ; why should not every church 
have a total-abstinence wheel as well as a 
Sunday-school wheel and a missionary 
wheel in its machinery? Several churches 



already have such organizations; and in 
some others, the Society of Christian En- 
deavor has a temperance department. The 
title to membership in such organization 
should be a promise — or still better a 
written pledge — to abstain from all in- 
toxicating beverages. The Lafayette 
Avenue Church — which I was permitted 
so long to serve — always opened its doors 
freely for public temperance meetings 
which its Church Temperance Society ar- 
ranged for. They were self-supporting by 
collections taken up at every meeting. 
Such a society only needs a simple consti- 
tution and the heart-power of pastor and 
session and God's people behind it. 

The enemy is at our own doors, breth- 
ren and sisters. It lies in wait for your 
sons and daughters. It is destroying 
. more souls than any other single evil in 
the land. " An old story" do you say? 
Yes, it is, and so is every sin and every 
sorrow. The remedy too is an old remedy ; 
but no better has beien discovered. The 
Church of God has got to take God's 
weapons — ^gospel-truth, solid argument, 
loving personal effort and the power of a 
clean example, and use them fearlessly and 
faithfully. In every prayer-meeting this 
enterprise ought to be remembered as 
earnestly as the sacred cause of Missions. 
If Christians skulk away before this gigan- 
tic sin and curse, they brand themselves as 
cowards. 



THE CONGRESS OP COLOMBIA AS A SOCIETY FOR CHURCH ERECTION. 

REV. THEO. S. POND. 



In the Comercio^ a newspaper published 
in Barranquilla, the chief port of Colombia, 
S. A., there was recently published the fol- 
lowing partial report of a discussion in the 
Chamber of Deputies of the Colombian 
Congress: 

♦The Congress of Colombia was called 
to discuBS a bill introduced by the clergy 
of Barranquilla, whose main object was to 
procure the appropriation of funds from 
the National Treasury to complete the 



* ** Mr. Pond translates from the Ck>icERCio, which graoe- 
faUy credits the sabstance of its report to Its always well 
iBformed oontemporai7, El Criterio, of Bogota.^ 



»» 



erection of a church edifice in Barran- 
quilla. 

The Prime Minister taking advantage 
of a moment in which the order of the 
day was suspended, proposed the recon- 
sideration of the bill referred to; and 
supported his proposition by urging the 
great advisability of counterbalancing the 
efforts of the pastors of certain sects, who 
had established themselves in Barranquilla 
with the object of seducing the faithful 
from the bosom of the Catholic church. 

The Deputy, Seflor Arboldez then 
spoke : He had voted against the bill in 
the previous session, for he considered 
that the churches ought to be erected by 



12 



1 he Congress of Colombia as a Society for Church Erection, {January^ 



the contributions of the faithful, and not 
by tribute drawn by force from all the 
people. He believed that we had no cause 
to take alarm at the establishing of Prot- 
estant missions in Colombia; on the con- 
trary, this very thing naturally ought to 
arouse faith and zeal for religion, since in 
other countries, where there is no opposi- 
tion, the sentiment of religion becomes 
dormant. Moreover, in Barranquilla there 
are already other churches, and enough. 

The Prime Minister proceeded in refu- 
tation of the arguments of Seflor Arbol^z 
to notice only the points which related to 
the employing of public revenues for the 
erection of churches. 

Deputy Sr. Mallarino spoke as follows : 

If it were a question of the erection of 
church edifices in any other region of the 
country, perhaps I would have expected to 
hear conclusive reasons, which in this case I 
have not been able to hear from the Prime 
Minister in favor of the projected bill, which 
yesterday was lost. 

For my part, Mr. President, the significant 
thing on the coast is, not the Protestant pro- 
paganda, but the religious lukewarmness 
which there reigns. In passing through 
Barranquilla, on several occasions, I was 
able to see not more than eight or ten persons 
in attendance at the Cathedral, and this, on a 
feast day. Every temple is a centre of sacred 
instruction, of active missions ; and, there- 
fore, I would gladly see that region bristling 
with Catholic churches and towers, where 
now, unfortunately, as I have just said, a 
cause of so much moment is regarded with so 
much indifference. 

Deputy Seflor Arango then took the 
floor and spoke substantially as follows: 

In my opinion, the debate has taken a 
wrong direction. Here all are Catholics, and 
yet they are going to pass for Protestants, 
who vote against the appropriation of the 
funds for completing the new church edifice 
in Barranquilla. I shall be one of this class, 
since I propose to vote in the negative, for 
the reason that if (as the honorable Deputy 
Mallarino has said) the churches of Bamin- 
quilla were seen empty on feast days, I be- 
lieve it useless to bi]dld still another with 
national funds in order to keep even in the 
race with the Protestants. 

If the people of Barranquilla are lukewarm, 
according to the statement of the honorable 
representative, the best thing to do would be 
to send them missionaries who should make 
them fervent. But if the people of Barran- 
quilla should observe that the General GK>v- 



ernment, from its centre in Bogota, and by 
means of benevolent gifts, for a new church 
edifice, sought to arrest Protestant teachings 
in that place, then the probable effect would 
be, that the lukewarmness would continue 
all the more, and thus nothing would be 
gained. 

If the Catholics of that important city fear 
Protestant influence and desire to defend 
themselves, they most make an effort to 
rouse the spirit of religion by the assiduous 
practice of the Catholic doctrine. 

Seflor Mallarino replied as follows : — 

The answer of the honorable Seflor Arango 
is sophistical, else I have not been able to 
comprehend him. I maintain, as I have 
maintained, that the multiplying of sacred 
edifices attracts and instructs the faithful. In 
each temple there stands, at least, one apostle 
pointing heavenward, and, at last mere curi- 
osity will raise the people^s eyes whither the 
apostle wishes ; and their gaze once fixed 
there, every appearance aids to form the con- 
cept of God, who surrounds us with his 
gifts and his mysteries, and all hearts vrill be 
impressed. 

After a few remarks in favor of the bill 
by another Deputy^ Seflor Martinez spoke 
as follows : 

It is now demonstrated, that what is need- 
ed in Barranquilla, is faith and faithful men, 
not churches ; and coDsequently to produce 
these, and not to build churches, should be our 
first concern. In order to affect this, it is 
better not to levy a tax on the country, bat to 
raise a levy of Missionaries and send them. 

On taking the vote, the bill was ap- 
proved by forty-six ballots for it, and 
fifteen against it. 

In our opinion, (continues the Comercio) 
the bill will become a law, not only on ac- 
count of its intrinsic merit, but because of 
the support of the Government, as it is 
the rule of our modern congresses to vote 
everything which enjoys such support. 

Even if, in these Atlantic Coast towns, 
religious observances and ceremonies are 
not so numerous as in those of the interior, 
yet we are persuaded that, in effect, there 
is as much faith here as there. The peo- 
ple here are as settled in their belief in the 
same things, even though they do not 
listen to so many '' masses" nor attend 
the forty hour vigils in one church, and 
then do the same thing in another, as they 
do in Bogata. 



1893.] 



Exploring the Interior of West Africa. 



18 



Accordingly tbe pains of sending as 
missionaries, as they have prescribed, may 
be spared, for these men would come only 
to ** plough the sea," or *' bring coals to 
New Oastle,'' since these towns have 
firmly rooted in them the idea, that religi- 
ons fervor does not manifest itself in liv- 
ing within churches and lying prostrate 
in devotion, but in practical observance 
of the divine laws. 

Facts afford conclusive proof that these 
towns are not inferior to those of the in- 
terior in the matter of morals. 

Thus far the Editor of the Comercio. 
He then proceeds to set forth the lack of 
crimes and vices in Barranquilla as com- 
pared with the interior, and he overdoes 
the matter so that he may be said to 
" whitewash," rather than to portray. 

Ifc still remains trae, that the morals 
here are no worde than those of the interior 



towns, and that the Bomanists are in favor 
of entrenching themselves from fear of 
prospective developments of Protestant 
strength. They may have been moved 
to this through their own fears rather 
than through any facts accomplished by 
the Evangelical Mission here. Still a 
rumor has been started from a conversa- 
tion with some foreigners, to whom I ap- 
pealed for contributions toward building 
a chapel for English and Spanish ser- 
vices. 

Such contributions have been promised 
to the amount of a thousand dollars. 

Such a chapel is a prime necessity^ 
especially at this juncture, when the sale 
and distribution of the Bible, by the 
Bible Society's Agent, Rev. J. Norwood, 
has discovered a sound sentiment in favor 
of reading the Scriptures, each soul for 
itself, and that also discovered the fact, 
that many more desired to read them than 
was supposed. 



EXPLORING THE INTERIOR OP WEST AFRICA. 

EBV. A. 0. GOOD, PH. D. 



About 4 P. M. July 20th, we left the 
mission house at Ikikiki, on the Batanga 
beach and started for a town two miles in 
the bush where we were to spend the 
night so as to make a good start the next 
day. Had I tried to start from the beach 
in the morning we would have lost half 
the day before getting off. Our company 
consisted of four boys from the Ogowe on 
whom I could depend implicitly, but who 
had no experience in bush travelling and 
especially in carrying; one Batanga man, 
whose weak point was a love for drink, 
and two men from the tribe living close 
in the rear of Batanga called Dibea and 
Mabea. These last were good carriers but 
could not be depended upon. 

Now a word as to this country into 
which I am about to lead my readers. 
The Batanga people live on the sea-shore. 
Just back of them are the people called 
here Mabea, Dibea, and by some Oayeba, 
bat who call themselves Ewasiwo. All of 
their towns are within ten or fifteen miles 
of the beach. Among the Batanga people 
the Oospel has taken a strong hold, but 
among these Habeas scarcely anything has 
been done. But the devil has been busy 



among them and many of them are slaves 
to drink. 

When we had passed the last Mabea 
town we found ourselves in a virgin forest 
through which we had to travel from sixty 
to eighty miles before we reached the in- 
habited interior. This meant that food 
must be carried for from five to eight days, 
according to the rate of march, and that 
again depends on how heavily laden the 
carriers are. There are, of course, no 
roads, only narrow winding paths; no 
bridges over the streams, no swamps filled 
up, no hotels by the way, only low rude 
sheds under which travellers may sleep on 
beds of poles with a fire on each side, but 
affording very little protection from rain. 
The natives dislike climbing hills and so 
these roads are fairly level, only crossing 
hills where it cannot be avoided, but un- 
fortunately for the white men they do not 
have the same dread of mud and water. 
So we had hardly gotten into the forest 
when the path dropped down into the bed 
of a stream which it followed for a hun- 
dred yards or more. 

We tried each day to start soon after six 
in the morning. By half past ten or elev^ 



14 



Out of the Forest — Worshipping Under Difficidties. [January^ 



en we stopped to eat, and by three or f oar 
in the i^temoon ererybodj was tired 
enough to stop for the night. Beyond 
this there is very little to say of oar long 
tramp throagh the forest. There were a 
few birds in the trees but usually too high 
to be shot. We saw a few deer, or rather 
antelope, but I only got one chance for a 
shot and that time my gun missed fire. 
There were many traces of elephants and 
occasionally of buffaloes, also of wild 
hogs. We saw many monkeys, some of 
them very large, but the trees were so 
enormously high that shot would not reach 
them and the forest was always so dark 
that it was impossible to shoot with a rifle 
with any accuracy. This fact is men- 
tioned by many travellers and is usually 
attributed to the density of the forest. 
But even where the trees were neither 
very high nor very thick it still seemed 
unaccountably dark. Most of the time 
the sun was clouded, and the effect was as 
if the twilight had already fallen, even at 
noonday. And even when the sun came 
out it seemed to have no power. Where 
it could penetrate the foliage and reach 
the ground it looked like the last dim rays 
from a setting sun. In fact African sun- 
light is in some way of an inferior quality. 
As Mr. Stanley has said, it is more like 
moonlight than sunlight. 

OUT OF THE FOREST. 

Tuesday about 2 P. M. suddenly the 
forest grew light before us and a few mo- 
ments later we came into a clearing close 
to a small new Bule town called Bieti. 
Here for the first time in seventy-five or 
eighty miles we were able to see out and 
look about us. The road during most of 
the last day was simply abominable. A 
mere trail in the first place, terribly ob- 
structed by large rocks, vines &c. and for 
a change following the beds of streams 
for long distances, sometimes through 
mud a foot deep. 

To add to our discomfort the woods 
were kept wet by frequent showers, so 
that my clothes were kept dripping wet 
brushing against the leaves. But this is 
the usual experience. It is impossible to 
travel in Africa without being more or less 
wet every day. Happily it does not seem 
to do one much harm. We were well re- 
eeiyed by the people, according to their 



ideas of hospitality. The old chief Mawn 
was very friendly and gave me a fowl and 
my people some plantains, although food 
was very scarce. After some time a house 
was provided and very glad was I to be 
under a roof, even if it was so low I could 
hardly stand erect under it, especially as 
it rained most of the afternoon and night. 
I had known that the Bule people were 
closely allied to the Fan,who6e language I 
knew fairly well. But I soon found that, 
while many words were the same in the 
two languages, the differences were so 
great that very little that I said was intel- 
ligible to them. How was I to preach to 
them, for preach I must? Our guides had 
told them that we were not traders but 
people who went about teaching people 
the words of Ood, and the whole town 
was anxious to hear what was our mes- 
sage. They all came together in the pal- 
aver house, the public house of the town 
where the men spend their spare time, 
l^his was not large and was soon packed 
with men, women and dogs. Fires are 
always kept burning in these houses and 
the smoke was very affecting, often mov- 
ing one to tears, but it had to be borne. 
I talked in Fan which my Mabea people 
understand a little better than the Bule 
people, BO they helped me to explain what 
I could not express clearly. But they 
added a good deal to what I said, being 
anxious to display their knowledge of the 
the white man's teaching, and I was not 
quite sure that what they said was always 
orthodox. I had to accept their help, 
however, for the first few days. 

WOKSHIPPING UNDER DIFFICULTIES. 

Among the Bule I was on new ground 
and had to begin by finding out what they 
called God, and I got a new name for the 
Creator of all things, Nzambe, This 
change of names is very confusing. The 
Mpongwe call God Anyamhiey the Benga 
and Batanga people, Anyairibe^ the Mebea, 
Njambi^ the Fan, Nzam and here the 
Bule call him by a name evidently related 
to the others and yet different enough to 
be confusing, Nzambe, They were attract- 
ed by our singing although we could sing 
nothing that was intelligible to them. 
And here followed a scene that was re- 
peated daily for the next two weeks. I 
wished to impress upon them the truth 



1893.] 



Jb the Missionary Work a Rescue f 



15 



that God is not far from any of us and 
can hear ns when we pray. So I explain- 
ed to them the meaning of prayer and 
requested them all to keep quiet while I 
rose and began. At first there was only a 
little noise^ but three or four shouted out 
"keep quiet," which greatly increased the 
confusion. To make matters worse the 
Mabea people of whom there were several 
present, shouted out "shut your eyes." 
They tried to, but so unusual a perform- 
ance convulsed some with laughter. Some 
mothers thought the closing of the eyes 
was an important matter and so held their 
hands over their children's eyes. Of course, 
the youngsters screamed. Some of the 
women became frightened and bolted for 
the door, some laughing and some scream- 
ing, and the dozen or more dogs that had 
been asleep around the fires, roused up by 
the unusual excitement, began to bark. I 
need hardly add that by this time the 
prayer was effectually interrupted. 

WELCOMED BY A CHIEF. 

Next morning we went on to Akak, the 
village of Nduna, and there we spent a 



most interesting Sabbath. Of all that 
occurred here I cannot speak at length. 
The chief killed a large sheep and did his 
best to make us comfortable. People came 
in from all the surrounding country and 
Sabbath morning I preached, or tried to, 
rather, to a large audience. I kept my 
note book in hand constantly and noted 
down every deviation from the Fan which 
I noticed as I talked to the people. Sab- 
bath morning I did fairly well, and Sab- 
bath evening the people encouraged me by 
declaring that they understood everything 
I said. Some of them stood around and 
questioned me till late at night. The peo- 
ple seemed much interested and very sorry 
to see me leave Monday morning. One 
thing especially pleased me. When I said 
I must go on the morrow they seemed 
sorry, but made no effort to hinder me. 
On the whole I liked the Bule. They re- 
semble the Fan, but seemed to be a more 
civil and humane people. I may be mis- 
taken, but it seemed to me that they had 
all the good qualities of the Fan and not 
all of their faults. But I must add that 
they could lie almost as well as the Fan. 



IS THE MISSIONARY WOBK A RESCUE V 

F. F. ELLIKWOOD, D. D. 



At a meeting of Plymouth Church, 
Brooklyn, on Pnday evening, Nov. 25, it 
was resolved that the contributions of the 
churcli for foreign missions shall this 
year be given, not to the American Board, 
but to a fund raised for the support of a 
young man, who has been sentto Japan on 
an independent basis. The supposed reason 
is that the American Board had declined 
to commission him, on account of cer- 
tain theological views. 

The right of Plymouth Church to make 
such use of its contributions as it shall 
think best, no one would dispute, nor does 
any one question its right to hold any 
particular views with regard to the state 
of the heathen and the motives of the 
missionary work, but some remarks made 
at the above named meeting, suggest some 
serious questions as bearing upon the 
whole work of foreign missions. In strong 
and even violent Language, one of the 
speakers arraigned the American Board for 

preaching and ineieting upgo ft§ " doc- 



trine of damnation," declaring that his 
(the speaker's) money should not be given 
to proclaim the ^' damnable " ideas, as he 
chose to call them, which it is the work 
of that Board to promulgate. '* That 
God is love," he went on to say, *' is good 
news," but as for him, his money should 
not be given for the purpose of teaching 
the heathen that their ancestors were lost. 
There has been so much said within the 
last decade about the inspiring motive of 
foreign missions, that it behooves the 
church of whatever name, te re-examine 
the main spring of its action as found in 
the New Testament and in the histery of 
missions during the Christian centuries. 
Clearly the contention referred te above is 
either Universalism, or it is worse. It 
implies either that all men are saved with 
or without faith in Christ, or that the 
heathen are made an exception, in view of 
the fact that they have never heard the 
Gospel^ while those who have heard and 
rejected it are lost, Jn the latter Of^e it 



16 



Is the Missionary Work a Rescue f 



{Janrnry^ 



is a craelty to send any missionary to 
Japan, since every one who hears him and 
rejects the offer of salvation which he 
makes^ will be removed from a state of 
salvable ignorance to one of responsibility 
and condemnation. Even the ''good 
news '' of which he speaks, namely, that 
"God is love," will be a savor of death 
unto death to those who do not accept 
Christ, and so far as their one-sided doc- 
trine shall lead the heathen to indifference 
and neglect, by removing the spur of moral 
responsibility, it will only increase the 
chances of their final perdition. 

Here at home the above named utter- 
ances will doubtless find an echo in every 
grade of unbelievers from one end of the 
land to the other. Worst of all, they 
will furnish to many doubtful and indif- 
ferent Christian professors a pretext for 
their apathy. In the end they will tend 
to cripple even the newly adopted Mission, 
just as Unitarian Missions have uniformly 
been rendered powerless by similar theo- 
ries of man's innocence and salvability 
without faith in Christ. Those who hold 
these views labor under a great mistake if 
they suppose that either sympathy or 
practical self denial for the heathen is 
wholly or even chiefly on the side of lax 
doctrines. The American Board for three- 
quarters of a century has sent out devout 
men and women who were so moved to 
pity for the heathen that they willingly 
gave their lives to the great work of mak- 
ing known Chrisfc and his salvation. The 
career of that Board has been one of the 
noblest chapters in human histoiy. The 
amount of suffering that has been bravely 
and cheerfully borne, the large and gener- 
ous gifts of thousands of supporters, the 
prayers of godly men and women by the 
tens of thousands^ who for two genera- 
tions have borne up this great cause upon 
their hearts; the broad-minded, intellect- 
ual strength that has been given to the 
cause^ the grand sum total of charity that 
has been bestowed in famine relief, in med- 
ical missions and in transforming the habi- 
tations of cruelty — all this constitutes for 
the American Board a volume of historic 
achievement too high and sacred to be 
flippantly scoffed at. 

The American Board has proclaimed 
doctrines in no wise different from those 
taught by all the Evangelical Churches. 



Calvinists and Arminians with all inter- 
mediate types or degrees of doctrinal vari- 
ation have agreed in the three great essen- 
tial truths (1) that mankind are morally 
ruined, (2) that Christ is the only and all 
sufficient Savior and (3) that redemption 
is to be secured through faith in his aton- 
ing blood. 

In these essentials the Roman Catholic 
Church also is in accord with Protestants. 

The missionary work of the world and 
of the ages has been based upon these 
doctrines. 

So far as sympathy goes there is not a 
missionary of any Board who would not be 
glad to see all the heathen somehow saved 
through Christ, but the Church does not 
feel authorized to follow human the- 
ories on this subject. It takes rather 
the New Testament as it stands, with 
Christ's own words and the writings 
of those Apostles, who not only pen- 
ned their inspired convictions bnt showed 
by their lives of toil precisely how they 
understood them. 

It would be well if the Church would 
close its ears for a time to all the specula- 
tions and contentions which have risen in 
reference to human creeds and doctrines 
of escbatology, and try to catch the very 
spirit and meaning of Christ's own lan- 
guage in commissioning Paul as a mission- 
ary to the Gentiles. Turning to Chapter 
xxvi of the Acts, at verse 18, we find 
Paul's rehearsal of his commission before 
Agrippa. The langaage used strikingly 
resembles that which Christ had read as 
his own credential in the synagogue at 
Nazareth. The commission (a) assigns 
Paul specifically to the Oentiles; (b) it 
clearly discloses the moral condition of 
those Oentiles; (c) it plainly indicates a 
rescue or deliverance; (d) it shows that 
the remission of sin and the *' inheri- 
tance " of grace are secured by faith in 
Him. Evidently, according to the mind 
of Christ, the heathen were in moral 
darkness; they were spiritually blind; 
they were under the thraldom of Satan; 
they were aliens from God. The preach- 
ing of the Gospel was not merely to im- 
prove their ethics, or give them a higher 
civilization, it was indeed "good news," 
for it was a blessed rescue. Paul was not 
simply to inform the Gentiles that they 
were no longer enthralled as a "Christian 



1898.] 



Is the JUissionaty Work a Rescue f 



17 



Scientist'* tells people that they are not 
diseased, but he was to lead them out of 
darkness and bondage by an appeal to 
their faith. As to the urgency of their 
case, it had been deemed sufBcient to 
bring Christ back from his ascension 
glory that he might give special emphasis 
to this commission; it was sufficiently 
grave and urgent also to require in Paul a 
life of intense activity, setf-denial, toil 
and sufferings to be ended with a martyr's 
death. If the situation and the call thus 
set forth do not present sufficient strength 
of motive for the Church to act upon in 
the work of missions, then what motive 
could be sufficient? 

All theological speculations aside, it is 
enough to catch the spirit of Christ's com- 
mission near Damascus, and to follow 
Paul from that scene as he entered 
upon his work that we may learn, if 
possible, how he regarded his great errand. 
Opening his epistle to the Bomans writ- 
ten subsequently, of course, to this com- 
mission at Damascus, after he had had 
some actual experience in reclaiming 
the Gentiles, we find from his pen 
the most terrible arraignment of the 
heathen that has ever been recorded by 
any man. And although he could dis- 
course upon *'the height and depth " of 
the love of God, yet in this connection, 
he represents Him as giving over the 
heathen to the fruits of their own apostasy 
and unutterable depravity. It is a terrible 
picture that he draws. It shows that man 
in his lost estate may descend and does 
descend to .depths of vileness which no 
beast ever fathoms. 

And yet, on the other hand, where in 
the whole history of the Church do we 
find a sympathy so warm and so deep as 
that of Paul for the heathen, a sympathy 
which girds him for a life which he knows 
must end in murder at the liands of the 
very Gentiles whom he seeks to win, by 
unremitting toil, by patience in bonds and 
in imprisonment, by poverty, and untold 
privations, and in spite of the persecution of 
Jews and haughty contempt of Greeks and 
the cruel tyranny of Roman tyrants, he 
still holds on his way to the end. 

At the same time Paul was no misguided, 
unbalanced fanatic. There was always 
from first to last, with all his burning zeal, 
a judiciid element. In the yery next 



chapter following his description of the 
awful vices of heathenism, vices which are 
found in many lands to-day, he proceeds 
to show how the responsibility of the 
heathen is qualified. He concedes the 
existence of ethical principles among 
all men and of an active and self -accusing 
conscience. He intimates that men will 
be condemned according to the judgment 
which they pronounce upon others, being 
thus a law unto themselves. And he 
gives us reason to believe that if here and 
there a Gentile actually does *' by patient 
continuance in well-doing seek for glory 
and honor and immortality " — ^and that is 
the question which he does not settle 
— God will render unto him "eternal 
life." The whole chapter is full of 
fair and just discriminations from begin- 
ning to end. 

The Confession of Faith of the Pres- 
byterian Church maintains that the 
Holy Spirit is entirely unlimited in His 
operation upon the souls of men ; and an 
editorial article in the Independent of 
Dec. 1, in speaking of the action of the 
Plymouth Church, says in a similar spirit: 
** The Board does not hold that God's 
mercy cannot reach the heathen and that 
all are swept into eternal punishment. 
It formulates no rule on this point, re- 
fusing to go beyond the Scriptures ; but 
it believes earnestly that God is merciful 
and gracious and will do what is right. It 
refuses to insist upon anything that the 
Bible does not teach." 

It is not the place or function of Mis- 
sionary Boards to dogmatize. As Paul 
recognized the fact that there were Gen- 
tiles and Gentiles, so now there are heathen 
and heathen, and sweeping sentences of 
destruction are out of place. But without 
theorizing it is certainly the duty of the 
Church to fulfill her commission to the 
Gentiles, To open their eyes and to turn 
them from darkness to light and from the 
power of Satan unto Ood^ that they may 
receive forgiveness of sins and inheritance 
among them which are sanctified hy faith 
that is in Chi ist. There is in this commis- 
sion nothing said about eternal damnation 
on the one hand, nor of a second proba- 
tion on the other, but it discloses an infi- 
nite pity for the heathen and it lays an 
awful responsibility on those who possess 
the Gospel and neglect to make it known. 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS, MAY 1 TO NOV. 30, 1891 AND 1892. 





CHUBCHB8. 


women's B'D8. 


SAB. SCHOOLS 


Y. P. S. C. S. 


LKOACIBS. 


ICISCELLANEOUS 


TOTAI*. 


1881 
1892 


$70,646 88 
74,S68 48 


$76,674 81 
68,4^83 


$8,017 80 
0,802 04 


$8,371 08 
8,080 84 


$87,880 84 
40.147 88 


$80,757 80 
84,080 18 


$842,687 84 
230,060 05 


Gain 
Lou 


$5,888 40 


$7,847 08 


$1,874 74 


$1,660 88 


$11,886 40 


$6.737 86 


$8,506 10 



Total appropriated to December 1, 1808 006.649 88 

Deficit of May 1, 1808 54,68106 

Total needed for year. 1,061,170 98 

Beoeiired from all sources to December 1,1693 880,089 06 

Amount to be received before May 1, 1803, to meet all obligations 812,061 68 

Reoeiyed last year, December 1, 1801, to Mayl, 1808 688,606 88 

Increase needed before the end of the year 188,476 66 

William Dulles, Jr., Treasurer. 



The aboYe financial statement is little 
less than alarming. It shows that the 
receipts from all sources to November 30th, 
fall $3,598.19 below those for the same 
period last year. The most discouraging 
feature of the exhibit is that the churches 
are still quite in arrears. Eight hundred 

AND TWELVE THOUSAND DOLLARS yet 

required before May 1st. to meet all obli- 
gations ! The amount is large, but the 
work is large^ and the resources of the 
Church are large. Will not pastors and 
sessions, Sunday-schools, Ladies' Societies 
and Young Peoples' Societies see to it that 
the response is large? There is not a 
moment to lose. 



Bead the Monthly Concert pages of this 
number from the pen of Dr. Dennis. 
Mark the ** Forward Movements" in 
Foreign Missions on the part of other 
societies and churches which seem to be 
outstripping us in faith and zeal. Then 
note the secret of this^ in part at least, in 
the ** Unselfish Movements," and '* Up- 
ward Movements " indicated — movements 
quite within the reach of all. Why not 
join the grand procession and move for- 
ward with a quicker and firmer step ? 

}9 



Beinforcements are sorely needed in all 
our mission fields even to maintain the 
work already in hand. The estimates for 
the next fiscal year, beginning May Ist, 
1893, have not yet reached us from the 
Missions, so that the number of mission- 
aries called for can not be given. The 
officers of the Board, however, after care- 
ful examination, agree that at least twenty- 
four ordained ministers should be sent 
next year, as follows: China, 7; India, 6; 
Japan, 1 ; Africa, 2 ; Syria, 2 ; Siam, 1 ; 
Mexico, 2; Guatemala, 1; South America, 
2. The number of candidates, even in 
correspondence with the Board, falls 
quite below this requirement. Of these, 
some will probably not make formal ap- 
plication, while of those who apply, some 
will be found wanting in physical or other 
qualifications. ** Pray ye therefore the 
Lord of the harvest that he will send forth 
laborers into his harvest." 



If we except the Baptists, the mission- 
ary world has scarcely made enough of the 
Centenary of Modem Missions in 1892. 
Dr. A. T. Pierson, however, with his 
usual enthusiasm, has taken some measure- 
ments of the great advanpe that has been 



1893.] 



Baptist Missions — Congregational. 



19 



made within a century, and within limited 
portions of it. 

Taking only portions of it, here are 
some of his resnlte : '' From the beginning 
of mission work in Tahiti in 1797, 14 
years passed without a convert. Then 
two natives (who had been impressed by 
Christian iBflnence in a miseionary's fam- 
ily), after all the missionaries had been 
banished from the island, were found 
praying for the evangelization of their 
countrymen. Since then (1811) the num- 
ber of converts in Western Polynesia has 
risen to 850,000." 

Again he takes the seveuty-five years of 
the American Baptist Union, of which 
Judson was the first representative: *^ Af- 
ter ten years he had but eighteen converts. 
They wrote him from America, inquiring 
about his prospects. His reply was ^ Pros- 
pects all right; bright as the promises of 
God. ' " " Now," says Dr. Pierson, " tak- 
ing into account those first ten years of 
comparative failure, there has been estab- 
lished a new church for every three weeks 
of the entire time, day and night, and 
there has been a new convert baptized 
every three hours of the entire time, day 
and night." 

As to Burma in particular, the first 
Karen was baptized in 1828. In 1878, 
after fifty years, there were 60,000 Karens, 
either sleeping in Jesus or living to testify 
of Jesus. An eminent authority says, 
'' There are to-day 200,000 Karens in the 
Christian community, and 500 self-sup- 
porting provinces." 

Again Dr. Pierson takes fifty years in 
China, between 1842 when the work be- 
gan, and 1892, and he sums up now nearly 
50,000 converts, and adds: ''The ratio 
of increase during the twenty-five years, 
beginning with 1863, was eighteen fold, 
or eighteen hundred per cent." 

Again take Fiji up to the year 1835, 
when the Wesleyans began their work, all 
the islands were under the dark shadow of 
heathenism and cannibalism. In 1885, 
after fifty years, there were thirteen hun- 
dred churches in the Fiji group alone, 
and out of a population of 110^000 104,000 
were habitual attendants upon worship. 

Again Dr. Pierson, turning to Ongole, 
says: *'Take from 1878 to 1892, and I 
reverently say there was nothing in the 
original Pentecostal days tp exceed whf^t 



fourteen years have seen among the Tele- 
gugas. In one day in 1878, 2,222 were 
baptized. In six weeks there were 5,000 
baptized, and in ten months 10,000, and 
in the last current year 10,000 more, and 
now there are between 30,000 and 40,000 
church members." 

Surely these facts, quoted from Dr. 
Pierson's centenary sermon, preached in 
Hardey Lane Chapel, Leicester, England, 
June Ist, 1892, and published in '^ Segions 
Beyond," are calculated to cheer the friends 
of missions, and silence the cavils of their 
enemies. 



The Annual Survey of the work of the 
American Board, published in the Novem- 
ber number of The Missionary Herald^ 
shows that an addition of more than one 
thousand members was made to the 
churches in Japan during the year,and that 
twenty-one new churches were organized. 
Mention is made of a Summer School of 
Philosophy and Theology as an institu- 
tion already naturalized in Japan. One of 
these schools, attended by two hundred 
young men from all parts of the country, 
furnished an inspiring audience to Prof. 
Ladd, whose lectures in Japan during the 
Summer months, were appreciated by 
Christian scholars and thinkers. If this 
Summer school can be kept under proper 
infiuences, it will serve a great purpose in 
meeting the intellectual wants of thought- 
ful young men in the native ministry^ and 
in showing them that Christianity is not 
an effete institution which dares not con- 
front the light, but that it lays hold on 
every department of real knowledge as a 
means of raising up mankind to a fuller 
and clearer conception of God, all depart- 
ments of whose truth are one. 



The American Board now reports 
40,233 church members, with 3,516 addi- 
tions during the year; 200 native pastors; 
624 preachers and catechists; native con- 
tributions during the past year, $92,723. 



Rev. D. L. Gifford, of Seoul, Korea, 
writes that during a recent visit to the 
country, twelve men were hopefully con- 
verted, and preliminary steps taken to- 
wards ultimate church organizations ip 
four villages^ 



20 



Loyal Responses — JiRssionarr/ Calendar. 



[January, 



Rev. W. 0. Blterich of the Shantung 
Mission, in a recent letter, reports a visit 
made to two villages in the region of 
Ichowfu, where, in one of them, he 
baptized two men and two women ; in the 
other, he found four candidates for bap- 
tism, but thought it wise to defer admin- 
istering the ordinance for a time. He 
adds: *'The work is gradually growing, 
and we are gratified at the reports of our 
native helpers who speak of increasing 
interest in the doctrine through the entire 
region." 



LOYAL RESPONSES. 

The Board of Foreign Missions in its 
efforts to come a little closer to its sources 
of income has been addressing personal 
letters to pastors and sessions in reference 
to the gifts of the churches. The responses 
in the main have been cordial and encour- 
aging, as the following extracts will show : 

" Your letter of November 18th, duly 
received. I was a little amused at its half 
apologetic tone. Hereafter you need make 
no apology in writing me about your work 
and needs, and the duty or delinquencies 
of my church or myself. In respect of 
your work you are our 'Pastors and 
Teachers.' '' 

'* Yours of November 22, received. 
That is right, drum up the churches, it 
will pay, and we all need it. I wish we 
s:ave more. I feel sure we could if we 
were more consecrated, and yet while I 
say that I know for myself I have given 
all I am and have. We are now far ahead 
of 40c per member. Look at the General 
Assembly Minutes, forty-five members, 
$63 to Foreign Missions, or $1 40 per 
member. This church gave $300 to sup- 
port its pastor last year, and $155 to all the 
Boards, or about half the salary it paid, 
t. «., 50 per cent or $3 44 per member to 
the Boards. Of course, it ought to do 
better. This year it will do better." 

"You are doing well to keep our 
churches stirred up on Foreign Mission 
themes. I rejoice in your activity." 

'' I am glad the Board desires to be in 
touch with the pastors, and certainly we 
want to be in touch with the Board. 
Perhaps the Board cannot understand the 
Hrials' we often have in raising what we 



do. Sometimes the day set is stormy, etc. , 
and we are at our wits' end. Collections 
for this and that are urged upon us until 
sometimes it is hard to get in the regalar 
Boards. Two Sabbaths ago we took up 
our collection, and only got $50. Last 
Sabbath I tried it again and told them we 
would keep at it if it took all Winter." 

** Your favor of the 10th instant, with 
reference to our church's offerings to 
Foreign Missions is at hand. I assure 
you, my dear brother, that so far from in any 
way considering what you say as an intra- 
sion, I heartily appreciate it as a real 
kindness, and we shall look after things 
in your direction a little more closely." 

** Yours of the 25th has come duly to 
hand. I fully appreciate your letter. I 
am greatly interested in all that concerns 
the work of the Foreign Board, and 
especially the contributions of my own 
church to that great work. In seven years 
our church has greatly increased her giv- 
ing to your Board, and I am hopeful that 
we will not de less this year." 

*' Your letter of the 14th instant was 
received this morning. I am heartily in 
favor of your efforts to increase our 
church's offerings to the Board of Foreign 
Missions, and shall do everything in my 
power to make the gift of this particular 
church proportionate to its ability to give." 



MISSIONAKY OALENDAK. 

From New York, tor KoUiapur mission, 
Nov. 2, Eev. L. B. Tedf ord, (returning) ; 
for West Persia mission, Nov. 9, Rev. 
J. N. Wright, (returning), Mrs. J. N. 
Wright, Eev. W. A. Shedd, Miss Mary 
Jewett, (returning), and Miss Jennie 
McLean; for Dakota mission, Bev. and 
Mrs. A. F. Johnson. ^ 

From San Francisco, for Sliantung mis- 
sion, Nov. 26, Miss M. A. Snodgrass. 

ABBIYAL. 

From Tokyo, East Japan, Nov. 21, 
Miss 0. H. Bose. 

From Lakawn, Laos, Nov. 13, Miss 
Kate Fleeson. 

From Tlalpan, Mexico, Nov. 12, Eev. 
and Mrs. H. G. Thomson. 



1893.] 



Scattering the Grifts — Notes. 



21 



SCATTERING THE GIFTS. 

The following action was taken by the Board 
of Foreign MisBionB at its meeting November 
3l8t^ and it is recommended to all our churches 
for serious consideration: — 

"It haying come to the knowledge of the 
Board that persons are collecting money from 
the churches upon alleged recommendations 
from the Secretaries of Foreign Missions, and that 
in one instance a Synod has endorsed the appeals 
of these men it was 

Betolved, That the Board desires to call the at- 
tention of the churches to a wide spread and in- 
creasing enl along these lines, and to warn them 
against all such appeals. 

The men above named have received no en- 
couragement from the officers of the Board, and 
its policy is to discourage young students on the 
mission fields from coming to this country either 
for business or study. The successful example of 
the few creates a worldly ambition in all our best 
mission schools and tends to rob the cause of 
missions of those whom it aims to train up for 
preaching and teaching. 

Besides, those who are educated in this coun- 
try are generally denationalized and so far un- 
fitted to live and labor among their countrymen. 

The exi)erience of all missionary Boards has 
led to entire unanimity of sentiment on this 
subject. 

The great majority of those who come to this 
country either engage in business or secure a 
a livlihood by lecturing among the churches, 
and gathering various amounts as missionary 
collections. To encourage this practice is an 
injury rather than a benefit to Foreign Missions. 

Betolved, That in view of the tendency which 
now exist to scatter the benevolent gifts of the 
churches and of generous contributors within 
the church, and on a wide range of objects and 
especially those which claim some kind of 
relation to the work of Foreign Missions, the 
Board feels constrained to remind all its con- 
tributors of the great responsibility which 
it has assumed under the direction of the General 
Assembly, and to ask that its regular work shall 
not be allowed to suffer neglect. 



A full statement of the relief work done by 
our Missionaries and their friends in Teheran, 
Persia, daring the prevalence of cholera last 
Snmmer, has just been received. It includes 
a detailed statement from Dr. W. W. Tor- 
i^nce, the physician in charge, who, though 
no longer connected with our Mission, 
promptly tendered his services in the emer- 
S^ncy. It appears that the disease ran but a 



short course, though the total number of 
deaths is variously reported at from 18,000 to 
20,000. Eighty-two patients were admitted to 
the hospital and two thousand were cared for 
by the missionary corps outside. 

Word has just reached the Mission Booms 
that on October 28, Che church and boys' 
school buildings in Tabriz were closed and 
sealed up by Government officials, no 
intimation of this purpose having been 
given to the missionaries in advance. This 
high-handed measure is said to be the 
outcome of a -complaint which had been 
made because the height of our church 
steeple, because the Ten Commandments 
are written on the church walls inside, be- 
cause Moslem women were reported to be 
frequenting the missionaries' houses, and 
because Moslem children were said to be 
in mission schools. The facts, as given by 
Dr. Yanneman, are that Moslem women were 
coming to the missionaries' houses only for 
medicine and medical treatment, and that 
there are no Moslem children in the schools. 
Unfortunately, at present, because of the 
absence from Teheran, of a United States Min- 
ister, or even a Oharg^ d'Affaires, our mis- 
sionaries seem to be without official protec- 
tion. The probability is, that this stop, on 
the part of the authorities, is the outcome 
of intrigue by Armenians, who are bitterly 
opposed to our work in Tabriz. 

Intelligence also reaches us from Hamadan 
of a threatened uprising of the Moslems 
against the Jews, ^e former affirming that 
the latter must become Moslems or be killed. 
It is probable that the same view is taken 
with reference to the Christians, but our 
recent advices do not report any outbreak 
against them, though some alarm was felt. 

Dr. G. W. Knox of Tokyo writes: *'I feel 
that cautious methods will be all-import- 
ant for the next few years. It seems 
as if the early constructive period were past, 
and a period of uneventful growth, with 
times of stagnation, beginning. If the work 
can be carried on substantially as at present, 
it is all we can expect, with slow growth and 
an increased strength of religious life within 
the Church. Were I to compare great things 
with small, I might suggest that the Apostolic 
age approaches its close, and that we are 
entering upon the second stage — one that 
makes little show in history. How long it 
wiU continue here, who can say? We 
may believe that it will be followed by a 
third stage when the great Fathers of the 
Church will come for^ from among the 
Japanese and make it truly Japanese," 



2^ 



(xenerat Meview of the Missions. 



[Janudfy, 



Concert of Qptdger 
Sot C^tc^ ^otft ^6rodb. 



JANUARY, 
PBBRUARY, 
MARCH, . 
APRIL, . 
MAY, 



Qenexml Review of Miaaioaa. 

Miaaiona in China. 

Mexico and Central America. 

. Miaaiona in India. 

Siam and Laoa. 



JUNB, Miaaiona in Africa. 

JULY, . Indiana, Chineae and Japaneae in America. 

AUGUST, Korea. 

SBPTBBCBBR, ... Japan. 

OCTOBBR, .... Miaaiona in Peraia. 
NOVBMBBR, .... South America. 
DBCBMBBR, Miaaiona in Syria. 

[Conducted by RBV. JAMBS S. DENNIS, D.D.] 



GENERAL REVIEW OF MISSIONS. 

WHAT THE SPIRIT SAITH TO THE CHURCHES. 

A slight change was made daring the past 
year in the monthly list of subjects at the 
head of our Concert of Prayer department: 
** Korea" was substituted for ** Papal Eu- 
rope" as the subject for August, and a 
'^ General Review of Missions" was made 
the subject for January. The meaning of 
the first change is that one of our most recent 
missions has stepped to the front, and claims 
an independent place in the list, as of suffi- 
cient importance to justify the attention of the 
Church as the subject of a monthly concert. 
The significance of the change in the January 
subject would perhaps hardly be noticeable 
in comparison with the wording previously 
used, which was, '* General Summary — ^Week 
of Prayer," but the intention of the new 
title was to open the way for a broader and 
more catholic survey of missions in general. 
Sister churches are working along parallel 
lines; other societies are engaged in the same 
sacred cause; missionary brethren and sisters 
are toiling side by side in the same foreign 
countries, and it cannot but be helpful to us 
to know more of these fellow-workers and 
the record they are making. Then, there 
are new methods, suggestive devices, forward 



movements, fresh succ^s^, stimulating ex- 
amples, which such a survey may bring to 
our notice, and which may kindle our hearts, 
and deepen our consecration, and ;aplift our 
vision, and nerve our faith for the more earn- 
est prosecution of our own service. The 
Presbyterian Church is in need of some kindly 
and powerful and inunediate stimulus on this 
subject of her foreign mission work. God is 
showing marked favor to her missionaries in 
many fields; some of her top figures in the 
column of spiritual results, some of the most 
conspicuous tokens of her Lord^s presence, 
and some of her most manifest spiritual tri- 
umphs are in this department of foreign 
missions, but her own record at home in the 
sphere of church enthusiasm for foreign 
work, and financial support of it, is disap- 
pointing and inexplicable. This record is 
given in a spirit at once sympathetic and 
candid, in a carefully prepared *' Report of 
the Committee on Foreign Missions," pre- 
sented to the Synod of New Jersey at its 
meeting in October, 1892, by the Chairman, 
Rev. Henry S. Butler, D. D., of the Presby- 
tery of Newton. We quote from the Report 
the following extract : — 

The distant side of the work of Foreign 
Missions is bright and hopeful; exhibiting a 
rapid growth and a wide expansion, accom- 
panied with tokens of the protection and 
blessing of Jehovah which call for constant 
thanksgiving and rejoicing. But the home 
side, which involves the sustenance of the 
schools and presses and hospitals and of the 
workers abroad : this is what causes both 
shame and anxiety. With all the swift de- 
velopment of the past year upon the foreign 
field, the church at home has been standing 
almost still in the amount of her offerings. 

Bear with the recital of a few figures which 
embody facts calling for universal attention. 
The year 1887-8 marked an epoch in the his- 
tory of our beloved church, closing her first 
and beginning her second century. It was 
hopefully assumed that the second century of 



1893.] General Me^iew of the Missions. 23 

her existence was to mark a nobler develop- it were deeper; and the situation becomes 

ment in all directions. How have we begun puzzling when we look at other churches and 

it in the matter of sustaining the foreign „^ ^v^ ,. x a.. * . . . x j., 

o & gee the interest m foreign missions steadily 

Gifts of ch% Worn. rising, and note the cheering advance of 

Bds.. s. 8., and Ay. per Total contributions, and the quickening steps of 

T. P. Soc. Member. At. ]>er M. 

1886-7 $608,881 $0.87 $1.12 forward movements which have been under- 

1887-8 660,175 .91 1.24 taken of late. While the aspirations of sis- 

;S:iCZ: ZZ 5 }:S *^^ communions are higher, and their plans 

1890-1 721,088 .89 1.16 larger, and their enthusiasm deeper, our own 

1891-3 698.658 .88 1.12 church seems to be making little, if any 

You see that the regular gifts have fallen progress. We are already on the second half 

back from the closing year of the church's ^f a fiscal year of the Foreign Board, which 

first century, four cents a member, and in- , .i.i. j. i , * ^ . ^^ 

, ,. r' „ ..^ . \ began with a dismal legacy of over $54,000 

eluding miscellaneous gifts and legacies, ** "^ ' 

which may be called occasional, they are just ^^ ^®^^ ' *^® ^^^P^s of the Board up to Octo- 

the same as they were that year. Under the ^^ 31> covering the first six months of the 

pressure of the Centennial year they ad vane- current year, were $7,391 behind the same 

ed to $1.24, and under the special pressure period of last year. The amount needed be- 

Sy^''?^*?,^^/^.^^^^'' '^'^/!!^i1 tween October 81 and May 1, 1898, to meet 

$1.16, but fell back to the average of 1886-7 „ ^ , 

hist year. This seems a poor beginning for **^ *^« obUgations, is $868,276, which is 

the new century, in the face of the remarkable ^^ ^ ^» ®^^ ^^^ *^»^ ^^ received in the same 

progress abroad and prosperity at home. time last year. If the Spirit of God ever 

The Report then refers to the fact that the speaks to the churches in terms of dollars 

Synod of New Jersey showed a comparatively and cents, here it would seem is a message 

better record than the Church at large, and which should be heeded. Shall we allow, 

urgently appeals to the churches of the through sheer inattention and carelessness, 

synod to put forth earnest efforts to deepen the financial collapse of a cause which should 

the interest of their constituencies and in- be an inspiration to praise, and a source of 

crease their contributions for foreign mis- cheer in the Church? Foreign missions 

sions. The situation which is brought out should be the last thing on our list of church 

so clearly in this Report is all the more disap- obligations to languish. The Church cannot 

pointing in view of the many reasons for re- withhold her sympathy and gifts from the 

newed courage and faith and perseverance in foreign field, without turning fully away 

our foreign mission work. The Church as a from the brightest and most characteristic 

church seems to be growing somewhat neglect^ signs of Christ's presence, and placing herself 

ful of a cause which her Lord is adopting out of touch with a department of service 

more and more as His own. This statement which should draw her nearer to her Lord in 

does not apply, of course, to the many devout a tender fellowship of joy, and in a loyal 

and tender hearts in the Church who love the spirit of consecration. 
cause of foreign missions for Christ^s sake, 

and whose actMty and Uberality in this sac- . "^^ *\« ^P?'** »°f ^^'^ ^j}^"" '^^^ ^«'°«' 

And he that heareth, let him say, Come. 

red service are well known to the Master. ^^ ^^^ testifyeth these things saith. Yea, I 

When we consider the average interest of come quickly. Amen: come Lord Jesus.*' 

Presbyterian Christians, however, we wish Rev. 22: 17, 20. 



24 



Fonoard "JUovements. 



[January^ 



FORWARD MOVEMENTS. 



" Forward I the oaptain^s cry; 



«i 



'* Into the Yall^ of death 
Bode the six hundred.** 

Why shonld not the hearts of Christians 
kindle with the inspiration of the great com- 
mission ? Why should there not be a ready 
and glad response to the appeal of a world 
for which Christ died f Drop, if you will, 
that uninspiring and hackneyed, and some- 
what misleading term ** Foreign Missions,*' 
and look at the whole matter from a new 
standpoint, and study its real meaning and 
purpose. Ic is God*s plan not man's; it is 
Christ's work, not the Board's; it is directly 
commanded, not simply left to be yoluntarily 
assumed; it is at this present moment the 
scene of the highest and most fruitful activi- 
ties of the Spirit, not a forlorn hope of the 
kingdom; it is the most open and inviting 
realm of privilege in which the Church can 
labor, notaplaceof slavish toil andfruitlessex- 
penditure ; it is in the line of a new and cheering 
advance in the larger fulfillment of prophecy, 
not a mere repetition, within familiar lines 
of church progress, of successes which only 
keep the ground already held, from slipping 
from our grasp ; it is a Christ-like and Christ- 
inspiring mission to human hearts, capable 
of love to God, service to Christ, joy in the 
Gk>spel, holiness of life and eternal blessed- 
ness in heaven, not a mere fanatical raid into 
the realms of hopeless barbarism; it is a ser- 
vice which has in it a sweet and refreshing 
reward to the Church in the reviving of her 
own life, and in the quickening of the deeper 
spiritual springs of feeling, not a mere per- 
functory response to that treadmill appeal 
which comes with the annual procession of 
the Boards. Why then, we ask, is there not 
generally throughout the Church more heart, 
more alacrity, more cheerful spontaneity, 



»i 



more generous support of our foreign depart- 
ment of church work ? 

Let us look at the response which some 
sister churches are giving to the claims of 
their foreign mission enterprises. There is 
just now among the English and Scotch 
Christians a marked increase of interest in 
this great cause. The leading societies are 
all planning an enlarged work, and doing so 
with the cordial co-operation and approval of 
their supporters. * ' The Forward Movement 
is the suggestive name which has been given, 
as if by common consent, to this advance all 
along the line. 

A MEMORABLK TEAR AMONG BRITISH GHBISTIANS. 

The London Missionary Society, at the 
close of its fiscal year, March 81, 1891, 
found itself with an income of £15,000 
less than expenses. The Directors of the 
Society, however, with signal faith and cour- 
age, at their -meeting, held June 22, 1891, 
resolved to sound an advance, and planned 
to send out one hundred new missionaries 
before the Centennial Anniversary of the So- 
ciety in 1896, which involved an increased ex- 
penditure of £25, 000 per annum, and required 
an addition of £80,000 to the average annual 
income of the Society. This forward step, 
in the face of an insufficient income, seemed 
almost presumptions, and yet the Directors 
felt compelled by conscientious convictions 
and the urgency of the work in hand, to as- 
sume this grave resx>onsibility. They justi- 
fied this action by a unique and impressive 
line of argument, which has in it a singular 
combination of conscience and faith. They 
regarded the resistless growth and the pres- 
ent urgency of the work which was committed 
to their care, as involving a direct call from 
the Master to the assumption of enlarged 
responsibilities on their part. In the needs 
of awakened inquirers aU through their mia- 
siou fields, whose adherence to former reli- 



1898.] 



Forward Hovemenis* 



25 



gioos had been shaken, and who had lost their 
grasp npon their old faiths, and who were 
now made willing in the day of God's power, 
to be taught Christianity, and led into the 
light and hope of the Gospel, they recognized 
an Migation resting npon them to snpply the 
instmction needed to guide these searchers 
after truth into a full and intelligent accep- 
tance of Christianity. Could there be a 
nobler and higher yiew of missionary respon- 
sibility than thisf The call of the mission 
field became the command of Christ; He 
seemed to speak to them in a thousand appeal- 
ing Yoices to go forward with faith and 
prayer, in response to the full demands of a 
situation so interesting, so cheering, and so 
full of irresistible urgency. *'The Forward 
Moyement^' was sounded in a resolution 
passed at the first regular meeting of the 
Board of Directors for the succeeding year, 
held June 22nd, 1891, as stated aboye. This 
action, instead of proYoking criticism and 
alarming the church, at once kindled enthu- 
siasm, and the response began to appear in a 
rising tide of interest, and in increased con- 
tributions, until the year closed March 81st, 
1892, with an increase in the income of the 
Society of £35,000 over that of the previous 
year, and this increase was not in legacies, 
but in the contributions of the churches. 
Among the deyices suggested by the Directors, 
and adopted by them personally, was the 
observance of a week of self-denial among 
the supporters of the Society. It is estimated 
that the net result of this effort was nearly 
£10,000 in money, and an inestimable deep- 
ening of the sense of interest and joy in the 
missionary work in multitudes of hearts 
throughout the Church. And, as regards the 
hundred new missionaries to be placed in 
commission before the Centennial Anniver- 
sary of 1895, the latest reports from the 
Sodety annocmce that already thirty-seven of 



them are enrolled, and at a magnificent Vale- 
dictory Meeting, attended by 8,500 people, 
held October 12th, in Bradford, twenty-six of 
these men and women were set apart for ser- 
vice, and are probably already scattered in 
their distant fields. In the report of the 
Society presented at its annual meeting in 
May, 1892, these inspiring facts are referred 
to in the following words: 

Dry as these details may appear to be, 
they are full of spiritual significance : there 
is in them the poetry of promise, the evidence 
of the abiding faithfulness of the great Head 
of the Church. Every figure of increase in 
this enlarged balance-sheet comes freighted 
with sympathy, enthusiasm, and prayer; it 
speaks of deepened interest; it testifies of a 
true appreciation of responsibility; it tells of 
the movement of the Spirit of God among 
His people, and of many earnest hearts already 
promptly responsive to His call. 

The Baptist Missionary Society of Great 
Britain has also organized its *' Forward 
Movement " in connection with the Centen- 
ary Year of its establishment, and have voted 
to raise £100,000 as a Thanksgiving Fund, 
and also to make the effort to increase its 
annual income by another £100,000. The 
Centenary Meetings have been held through- 
out the year, and have been characterized by 
great enthusiasm. The Thanksgiving Fund 
has crept steadily upward, until at the latest 
report it was £98,497. The proposal is now 
that it should not be closed, but allowed to 
go on as long as it will. This financial fiood- 
tide is the indication of a largely increased 
interest in the grand cause, and it has come 
to the treasury freighted with the enthusiasm 
and sympathy and devotion of multitudes 
who have renewed their vows of consecration 
to the great missionary movement of our age. 

The United Presbyterian Church of Scot- 
land is also in line with a *' Forward Move- 
ment," and at the last meeting of the Synod| 



26 



Forward Movements* 



[January^ 



in May, 189d, a deputation of nineteen was 
appointed, -whoee daty it will be to visit 
presbyteries and churches, and stir them up 
to increased prayerfulness, and more system- 
atic and self-denying effort for the extension 
of Christ^s kingdom. The Synod is also to 
issue a special address to congregations upon 
this subject. A recent number of the 
'* Missionary Record " of that honored 
Church, says with reference to this action of 

the Synod : 

Obviously the Synod has not invited her 
missionary deputies to any perfunctory work ; 
no mean task has been appointed to them; 
the conception of it is well-nigh overwhel- 
ming; God is challenging our Church to 
greater things. 

The Free Church of Scotland reports at its 
last Assembly, an advance of £4,658 in its 
foreign mission income over that of the pre- 
vious year, and a total income from all 
sources of £99,048, and if we add to this the 
income of the mission committees for work 
among the Jews, and for the Continent of 
Europe, and for the Colonies, the total mis- 
sioDarv revenue of the Free Church of Scot- 
land amounts to £116,769, as against £52,080 
ten years ago. An interesting feature of the 
Foreign Mission Report of the Free dhurch 
for 1892, is the movement among the students 
of Free Church Colleges towards the foreign 
field . The Report announces that sixty-three 
students, at different stages of their studies, 
have expressed their desire to work for the 
Master abroad. The concluding words of the 
Report in reference to this fact are as follows: 

We trust the General Assembly may have 
been able to assign time for a conference on 
this and other aspects of the great missionary 
enterprise, not only in our own church, but 
throughout Christendom, in a historic year in 
which the Lord our God seems to be waiting 
to be proved, and the Holy Spirit is evidently 
baptizing the nations. 

The Established Church of Scotland, at the 



recent meeting of the General Assembly, 
received a welcome report from the Foreign 
Mission Committee. The number of converts 
during the year was 1,129, more than double 
the number reported for the previous year. 
The total income reported was £46,124, the 
largest which has ever been received. 

The Presbvterian Church of England has 
recently, through its Synod, issued an appeal 
to the Church for a week of united prayer 
for missions, in November, with detailed sug- 
gestions as to the method of observations, 
and also, by authorization of the Synod, the 
Foreigpi Mission Committee have appointed a 
Self-denial Week, and a special foreign mis- 
sion fund of £10,000 is to be raised, of which 
more than £8,000 are already on hand. 

The Wesleyan-Methodist Missionary So- 
ciety, in its last Annual Report presented at 
its meeting in Exeter Hall in May, 1892, 
strikes a thankful and cheerful note when it 
says that ^* the returns for the year show in- 
crease under almost every head." Its in- 
come was £3,057 Isrger than the year pre- 
vious, and yet such is the pressure in its fields 
that a ten per cent, increase was made the 
financial watchward for the present year. 

The Church Missionary Society, at its last 
Annual Meeting, found old Exeter Hall too 
strait for it, and made a new departure in 
holding two meetings at the same time, one, 
as usual, at Exeter Hall, and the other at St. 
James^ Hall, and both were thronged. The 
President of the Society spoke of the progress 
made since his appointment in 1887. The 
income of the present year is £23,400 in 
excess of the year in which he first took 
office; in that year eighty-two candidates 
offered for service, against one hundred and 
S3venty-nine now. Thirty-four were accepted 
then, and during the past year one hundred 
and eighteen. Within the past four years 
two hundred and sixty-seven missionaries 



1898.] 



The Noble TrUmie of Our American Churches. 



27 



have been sent ont, which is donble the 
number of the previoas four years, and 
within two years one hundred and fifty new 
missionaries have been commissioned, and 
the desire on the part of the young men and 
women to undertake the work is such that the 
Society is overwhelmed with applications. 
The income reported for last year was £269,- 
877 which is an &dyance upon the previous 
year, and a sum which has been exceeded 
only once in the history of the Society. 

The China Inland Mission reports a net in- 
crease in receipts of £2,700, and a total in- 
crease in its staff during 1891 of one hundred 
and thirty-three missionaries, making a total, 
including the wives of missionaries, of five 
hundred and twenty-six. Rev. J. Hudson 
Taylor, General Director of the Mission, with 
his wife has just returned from a visit to 
China, during which they welcomed to the 
work of the Society there ever two hundred 
new missionaries. 

THE NOBLE TRIBUTE OF OUR AMERICAN CHURCHES. 

The American Board among our own 
American Societies reports $104,000 increase 
in income, from all sources, over the previous 
year, and has resolved upon a new push to- 
wards the goal of one million a year for its 
miasions. 

The Baptist Missionary Union reports an 
addition of nearly $100,000 to its income, 
and the sending out during the year 1892 of 
eighty-one missionaries, the largest number 
which has ever been sent abroad by the So- 
ciety in any one year. Of this number fifty- 
two are going out for the first time. 

The Missionary Society of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church in its report covering the 
year 1891, announced an increase in receipts 
of $115,755 over the previous year, and a sum 
total in receipts very nearly double the 
amount received from aU sources in 1880, and 
the report of the Society for the past eight 



years shows an average annual increase from 
collections of $87,485. The report of success 
for 1891 in the foreign fields shows a total 
gain of members and probationers amounting 
to 16,455, which is an increase of twenty-two 
percent over the previous year. At the re- 
cent meeting of the Missionary Committee of 
the Church, held November 9th, at Balti- 
more, Maryland, the report of the Treasurer 
for the financial year ending October 31st, 
1892, reports a still further increase over 
that of 1891, amounting to $28,484. Our 
Methodist brethren believe in a *' Forward 
Movement,*' and they seem to be able to 
accomplish it with no very special outlay of 
effort. 

The Presbyterian Church in the United 
States (South) reports at the last General As- 
sembly an increase of $17,824 over the re- 
ceipts of any previous year, with fifty-seven 
more churches contributing than during the 
previous year, and eighty-one more mission- 
ary societies faUing into line. This is a '^ For- 
ward Movement " fall of quiet earnestness, 
which deserves all honor. 

The United Presbyterian Church of North 
America reports at the last meeting of its 
General Assembly, a larger sum received for 
foreign missions than in any previous year of 
its history, and a balance in the treasury at 
the close of the year of over $3,000. 

The Reformed Church in America reports 
at the last meeting of its Synod, an income 
from its living contributors which is $2,700, 
in advance of its receipts from the same 
source in the previous year, although, owing 
to the urgent requirements of its foreign 
mission work, a gradually accumulated debt 
of $84,000, now rests upon the Board. An 
interesting comparison of growth during the 

m 

decade from 1881 to 1891 reveals an increase 
of seventeen per cent in the membership of 
the Home Church, and one hundred and 



28 



Unsdjish Motemerds. 



{January^ 



twenty-one per cent in that of its foreign 
mission fields. 

At the recent Coancil of the Alliance of 
Reformed Churches holding the Presbyterian 
system, held at Toronto in September, the 
subject of all others -which seemed to come 
easily to the front, was the foreign mission 
work of the Presbyterian Church, and in a 
Report presented by Dr. Ellinwood on behalf 
of the Western Section of the Alliance, it 
was stated on the basis of the United States 
census of 1890, that ''during the preceding 
decade the average gain of the Presbyterian 
bodies in the Republic in the number of their 
communicants was thirty-nine per cent," 
while the increase in the ''membership of 
the native churches of the Presbyterian 
Church (North) embracing over twenty mis- 
sions, great and small, has been one hundred 
and one per cent in the census decade." In 
other churches of the Alliance it has been still 
higher, and in some churches as high as one 
hundred and twenty-one per cent. 

Can these statements fail to interest and 
inspire the heart of every friend of missions 
in our Church? Can it be possible that the 
Spirit of God is moving in other Christian 
communions and inciting to higher ideals and 
more thorough co-operation with His own 
divine purpose, and we are not sharing as 
fully as we might in the blessed impulses of 
His leadership? Can it be possible that our 
Lord sees some sufficient reason for especially 
using more promptly responsive and willing 
instruments for the fulfillment of His high 
behests? Shall God speak through His Spirit, 
and our own beloved and historic communion 
be found standing so far outside the circle that 
she hears but faintly His sublime and precious 
message to the churches? 



UNSELFISH MOVEMENTS. 
In several of the churches a novel expedient 
has been adopted during the past year in the 



interest of foreign missions. It is the ap- 
pointment of a "Week of Self-denial" for 
the sake of increasing the income for foreign 
missions. It was done by the London Mis- 
sionary Society in 1893, and the week begin- 
ning Monday, February 6th, and ending Sun- 
day, February 12th, has also been appointed 
for 1893. The proceeds of the " Self-denial 
Week" for 1893 amounted to nearly £10,000. 
In the Presbyterian Church of England a sim- 
ilar "Self-denial Week "was appointed by 
authorization of the Synod, to be held in the 
month of November. In this connection the 
Monthly Messenger^ the foreign missionary 
organ of that church remarks : 

To definitely give up something for mis- 
sions can scarcely fail to have results even 
more valuable than the pecuniary gain. The 
mission will be dearer to those who have 
made for it an actual sacrifice, and there are 
scarcely any of us who cannot, without any 
injury to ourselves, lay down for a little, for 
Christ's sake, some. luxury, or even comfort, 
receiving back from our Lord an hundred 
fold. 

In another missionary magazine we find 

the following remarks upon this subject : 

Might it (the Self-denial Week) not be 
adopted with advantage to our great mission- 
ary enterprises which are calling out for more 
liberal support ? It is argued with right that 
the proceeds of bazaars, raffles, concerts, and 
fairs are not for a moment to be comjiared as 
an offering to Christ with an offering the 
proceeds of self-denial. Which of the two 
is the more agreeable to the Christians con- 
science, the less conformable to the ways of 
the world, the more healthfiQ as an exercise of 
spiritual discipline, and the more likely to be 
followed by blessed spiritual results to the 
whole church ? Have we not already had 
enough of' worldly devices for raising 
money for church purposes ? It is time we 
were beginning to adopt a better way, and 
what better way can we adopt than that pre- 
scribed by our Saviour himself? 'If any 
man will be my disciple, let him deny him- 
self.' 



1893.] Upioard Movements — Japan — I fie First Christian Literature. 



29 



UPWARD MOVEMENTS. 

In connection with the inspiring ' ^ Forward 
Movements '^ referred to in previous articles 
there has been also what might be called an 
Upward Movement towards the Source of all 
true inspiration to holj living and loyal ser- 
vice. The London Missionary Society after 
its courageous resolve upon a ''Forward 
Movement" began to call upon God in prayer 
for guidance and help. It is a beautiful and 
characteristic fact that the first to move in 
this upward direction were the women, under 
whose auspices an ''All Day Prayer-meeting" 
was appointed to be held at the Mission 
House October 6, 1891. The results are 
stated in The Chronicle as follows : 

Convinced that prayer was the only atmo- 
sphere in which the "Forward Movement" 
could live and come to maturity, our sisters 
led the way. They met to pray, nor did 
they meet in vain. In no previous period of 
the Society's history have anything like so 
many offers of service from women been re- 
ceived ; never have the offers been of such 
promise and interest. 

This *' All Day Prayer-meeting" occupied 



evsen hours, and was characterized by great 
fervor and tenderness of feeling throughout. 
Another special Day of Prayer was held in 
March, 1892, and now a plan of establishing 
a Prayer Union as a permanent organization 
has been formulated, and still another All 
Day Woman ^s Prayer-meeting was called to 
meet at the Mission House on November 7, 
from 10 a. m. to 4 p. m. 

The Presbyterian Church of England ap- 
pointed a Week of United Prayer for Mis- 
sions, beginning on Thursday, November 
24, 1892, and a scheme of topics for prayer 
was prepared suggesting for each day of the 
week some one side of the mission work as 
the special matter of petition. The Monthly 
Messenger remarks in this connection : 

Nor will it be overlooked, we are sure, that 
in praying for the growth of a missionary 
spirit among ourselves we are asking God 
not only to send means and workers to carry 
on our missions with efficiency and enthusi- 
asm, but also to give us that which will bless 
ourselves. It is a law of spiritual health and 
happiness, as fixed as the law of gravitation, 
that the missionary church is the church 
which is alive and pure and blessed. 



iLtiittB. 



JAPAN. 

THE FIRST CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 

Referring to the contemplated return of 

Dr. James C. Hepburn to the United States 

because of increasing infirmities. Dr. D. 

B. McCartee of our Eastern Japan Mission 

writes: — 

Dr. Hepburn will be remembered for his 
kind and genial Christian character, for his 
share in the translation of our Holy Scrip- 
tures into the Japanese written language, 
and for his Dictionary, which has been of 
incalculable benefit to the missionaries, offi- 
cials, and aU those whose calling or taste led 
them to cultivate the study of the Japanese 
written and spoken language. To such it 



will remain indispensable for a long time to 
come. But there are other important labors 
of which many of the later generation of mis- 
sionaries are scarcely cognizant. More than 
thirty years ago, when the severe laws against 
Christianity rendered it impossible to preach 
the Gospel openly, or to print Christian 
tracts in Japan, Dr. Hepburn imported from 
China religious tracts written in the language 
of that country, by our missionaries there, 
and distributed them to the patients who 
came to his dispensary. But though the lit- 
erary Japanese could read and understand 
books written in Chinese, to the common 
people they were only slightly intelligible. 
Among the tracts referred to was one writ- 
ten by one of our first missionaries in China 
and which is still printed and largely distrib- 
uted in that country. It occurred to Mrs* 



30 



Laos — First Laos IVact — Reading and Church Growth. [Januarif^ 



Hepburn, to endeavor with the aid of a Jap- 
anese teacher, to translate this tract, entitled, 
An Easy Introduction to Christian Doctrine, 
into Japanese ; bat Mrs. Hepburn being 
obliged to return temporarily to the United 
States, Dr. Hepburn took it up and com- 
pleted the translation. It was written in the 
mixed Japanese and Chinese characters, but 
could not be printed in Japan, and was 
therefore sent to Shanghai, where an edition 
of 5,000 copies printed from wooden blocks, 
cut from the Japanese manuscript, was is- 
sued from our mission press. This tract is 
of historic interest as being the first tract 
printed and distributed in Japan by the mis- 
sionaries, in modern times at least. I trans- 
late from 'Hhe Evangelist^^ (or Fuka in Shim- 
po) the religious weekly paper subsidized by 
our own and the Reformed Church Missions, 
some portions of an article on Christian liter- 
ature in Japan. The editor describes the 
'*Easy Introduction to Christian Doctrine^* 
as '^a small tract in the Chinese language 
explaining very clearly and concisely the 
important facts of the Christian Doctrine, 
the benefit of which in the work of evan- 
gelization was by no means small at that 
time." '*The Story of the Cross" (another 
tract written by Dr. Hepburn) **had not yet 
been published. Although the literary style 
of the translator was not, as we think, very 
perfect and the printing from the wooden 
blocks was not very clearly or skillfully exe- 
cuted, yet the book was the medium (lit. 
middleman or mediator) by which Christian- 
ity was introduced to the Japanese. A very 
large number of copies of this tract were dis- 
tributed by Dr. Hepburn from his hospital. 
Afterwards a revised and corrected edition 
was printed with movable type, and pub- 
lished by the British Tract Society. We 
think that no other tract has ever been so 
widely distributed in Japan as this one. 



LAOS. 

FIRST LAOS TRACT. 

Rev. W. C. Dodd, Lampoon : — We have 
made a decided advance in personal work 
this year. Last year we were glad to be able 
to report that all the pupils as well as th9 



teachers were engaged in evangelical work 
somewhere every Sabbath . This year, nearly 
all the men make it a matter of conscience to 
do some personal work every day. We have 
now a Laos tract printed; Through the 
school more than three hundred copies of it 
have been distributed already ; and it is going 
daily into new homes. It has made many in- 
tellectual converts, and we believe some heart 
converts. It is popular, not as the Siamese 
Scriptures or catechism, simply as reading 
books, but on account of what ic tells intel- 
ligibly. Of course, I do not mean to say that 
there are not plenty of Loas Christians who 
read the Siamese books with a sincere effort 
to understand them ; but their popularity with 
outsiders is largely as text books from which 
to learn to read. I did not know beforehand 
how much more useful we should find the Laos. 
There is scarcely a home anywhere that can- 
not furnish some one who can read the Laos 
tract to the family: while the number who 
can read the Siamese is very small, surely not 
one house in ten. And here in the Lampoon 
province, at least, I find that the Laos printed 
book is more popular than I had feared it 
would be. Siamese dialect being the language 
of the capital, and of the courts, has a certain 
prestige which has always seemed to me to be 
unnaturally large. 

READING AND CHURCH GROWTH. 

Through the combined influence of cue 
Laos book and the faithfulness of the students, 
there has been a healthy growth in the church 
here. In the six months and a little more of 
its history, there have been 89 adults and 22 
children brought into covenant relation with 
Jehovah; or over 82 per cent, increase in 
adults, and more than 22 per cent, increase of 
infants or non-communing members. 

At our last Communion there were four 
more candidates received on probation, one of 
them being a young prince. His family have 
recently become believers. He has been with 
me in the Training School for some time, and 
has been making splendid progress in his 
studies. His younger brother was with Mr. 
Collins a while last term. The coming of 
this family of noble blood, if they prove 
faithful, will undoubtedly have influence in 
t^he province. There are s^v^ral other princes 



1893.] 



Korea — Euiju via Manchuria. 



81 



who seem to be f ayorably inclined ; but like 
many others they are net folly decided. Per- 
haps it would only be fair to say that they are 
more undecided than others. 

LAOS MEDICAL WORK. 

The deyelopment of medical work here has 
been successful far beyond our expectations, 
and with our limited force and lack of all 
medical knowledge and training, it has almost 
gone beyond our desire. We have treated 
over 426 cases up to this moment. I have 
stopped half a dozen times since I began writ- 
ing this letter to attend to patients. The 
whole number of patients since last November 
is more than 500. The number in June was 
131, the highest number any one day, 15. 
Of course, these figures would not seem large 
compared with the Canton Hospital record. 
But medical work is not supposed to be 
established here yet at all. There is no 
physician, foreign or native, no hospital and 
no dispensary. Dr. McKean simply put a few 
medicines into our pantry with careful direc- 
tions as to when and how, and for what to 
give them. And Mrs. Dodd and I, in addi- 
tion to the other work, have done the best 
we could with the medicines. In most cases, 
God has blessed Dr. McEean's skill in their 
preparation to the saving of life and relief of 
suffering. 

Dr. McKean has been very kind in every 
way in helping us here. He has made as 
frequent visits as he could. He has secured 
the services of a native assistant whom we 
expect soon to come and take charge of the 
medical work. We are hoping soon to obtain 
a grant of land from the Government for 
medical purposes. 



KOREA. 



EUUU VU MANGHURU. 

C. C. Vinton, M. D., Seoul: — I spent a 
month of the summer in making a trip to 
Euiju and in medical work there. Instead 
of following the beaten route of two weeks^ 
arduous journeying by pack-pony over the 
mountains and plains of Korea, at Mr. Mof- 
fett*s suggestion I proceeded by steamship 
to Newchwang, the busy seaport of Manchu- 
ria, Here I found ipBXLj very kind people, 



although no missionaries, and by their aid I 
was soon able to engage a cart to transport 
me with my boxes and my Korean assistant 
across the province to the Yalu river. Our 
start was made early in the morning and 
during most of that day we travelled under a 
burning sun over the flat plain that borders 
the Newchwang river. It was not until the 
second morning that we struck fairly into 
the lovely hill country of which this belt at 
least, of Manchuria, is composed. 



A Chinese Cart is a peculiar institution 
and has often been described. I found it 
most convenient to establish myself upon the 
shaft, swinging my feet beside the trace-rope 
of the near leader. In the depth of the cart 
were stowed a couple of boxes, together with 
all our loose wares, rubber boots, rain coat 
and bedding, upon which latter my medical 
assistant and Chinese boy arrarged them- 
selves cross-legged with a compactness and 
facility which aroused my envy, if not my 
emulation. Thus freighted our vehicle was 
ready to encounter all weather and all roads 
in its six days^ progress across the peninsula. 
In truth both were exasperating enough, the 
former by reason of the heat, the latter be- 
cause of roughness. We made certainly more 
than a hundred fordings of streams, often 
crossing the same one again and again. The 
land knows no bridges, and consequently 
when the streams are high communication 
along these roads is cut off for days at a time. 



Curious Eyes. — My special grievance was 
the crowd of curious eyes that gathered to 
fasten on me at every step, and the hands far 
too ready to handle all my belongings. But 
these are to be expected everywhere through- 
out the East. And although this is the prov- 
ince said to have been in rebellion last winter, 
and Chinese officials are just coming to learn 
of the brutal law of exclusion from America, 
I found no reason to apprehend violence. 
Indeed I was told on all hands that the so- 
called rebellion had been only an uprising of 
some thousands of robbers against one or two 
cities which they plundered, and that they 
dispersed far in ^vance of the troops, who 



82 



Progress in West Japan. 



[January^ 



weie reported to have slaughtered them so 
bravely. 

Tuesday, July 26th, saw me crossing the 
blazing sands of the Yalu and welcomed, as 
I stepped from the leaky dug-out that had 
ferried me over its fourth and last stream, 
by Mr. Moffett who had seen no white face 
in nearly two months. I felt myself quite a 
rescuing party when I found how much he 
stood in need of other food and other compan- 
ionship than that he had been having. 



Beginnings in Euuu.-Our property in Euiju 
is well situated, just within the town and yet 
surrounded by native houses. 

I found several Christians in the habit 
of resorting there each Sabbath, even from 
considerable distances, for worship. Still the 
native Christians of Euiju are as yet to be 
counted upon the fingers of one hand. 

Mr. Moffett had spent the summer in teach- 
ing and explaining to all comers until nearly 
all his neighbors had ceased attendance from 
fear of being stigmatized as Christians. My 
coming gave them a new excuse for visiting the 
house, and for nearly two weeks its **8erang" 
became a constantly animated scene of medi- 
cal treatment and scriptural instruction. 



PROGRESS IN WEST JAPAN. 

BBV. M. C. HAYS, KANAZAWA. 

The First Church, of Eanazawa, or as 
it is commonly called from its location upon 
the street of that name, the Ishiuramachi 
Church, was organized in May, 1881, 
with thirteen members, and celebrated its 
tenth anniversary in September, 1891, by 
occupying and dedicating its fine new 
building. The former building upon the 
same site was destroyed during the pre- 
vious winter by the extraordinary fall of 
snow. But soon an earnest spirit to re- 
build was manifested and within a few weeks 
about $800 in United States gold, was 
raised, an addition to the former lot was se- 
cured and a new church far larger and more 
convenient than the old one was under way. 
The church was dedicated free from debt and 
that which threatened greatly to hinder the 
work has turned out to be a blessing. The 



present membership is one hundred and 
seventy-eight, of which number, however, but 
one hundred and nine live in this city. The 
rest being scattered along the coast in the 
other cities where we have work but where 
there are no organized churches as yet. In 
Kanazawa we have another church of about 
fifty members, while scattered through the 
city are several preaching places, the whole 
number of Sunday-schools being eight with 
about three hundred scholars. Besides our 
work, the Canadian Methodist Mission, begun 
two years ago, has three preaching places and 
about forty members. When I came to Ean- 
azawa in 1887, there was but one foreign 
male missionary in this whole region and 
work started in only two other places besides 
Eanazawa. Now, however, there are five 
in this city and two each in Toyama and 
Fukui. The number of lady missionaries 
has increased from three in 1887 to seven at 
the present time. Outside of this city we 
have work well started in six other cities of 
from 8,000 to 50,000 inhabitants and the 
whole number of Japanese workers has in- 
creased from four men in 1887 to ten men in 
1892, while the Methodists have four native 
helpers. When we consider how many 
laborers the Lord of the harvest has sent into 
this portion of his vineyard, our hearts are 
filled with gratitude, and as we see the pro- 
gress which has been made in the past we are 
able to look forward to the future with the 
greatest confidence. When in 1879 Rev. 
T. C. Winn, came to this distant part of the 
empire, the Gospel had never been heard by 
its two million inhabitants. Now hundreds 
of souls have been bom into the Eingdom, 
and a vast amount of seed has been sown 
which in no distant future will spring up in 
hundreds of hearts. Opposition and super- 
stition are giving way before knowledge, a 
dozen young men are in our schools on their 
way to the ministry, young women also are 
being educated to do Bible work instill larger 
numbers, the Gospel is preached and the 
Bible read in a dozen cities and I believe that 
the beginning of the twentieth century will 
find a thousand Christians here for every 
hundred now. Will you not pray that it 
may indeed be so? 



1893.] Cholera and Fever — A Converted Faquir — Welcome to Korea. 



33 



CHOLERA AND FEVER. 

Rev. H. C. Velte, Lahore : — We have had 
a very trying year; it has been very hot and 
after the dry season, since the rains began, 
it has been very unhealthy. I have not 
known so bad a season for sickness in India. 
Cholera broke out early in the year, when 
the College was in full swing, and you can 
imagine our anxiety, with our boarding houses 
over-crowded with students. We had then 
about 125 boarders in our boarding houses. 
The principal of the Government College, 
Dr. Stupnayel, died of cholera very suddenly. 
One of our students was attacked and died, 
but he lived outside of the college compound 
In the Medical. College some five or six stu- 
dents died. When the rains began the epi- 
demic seemed to disappear, but it was only 
for a short time. It soon broke out again, 
and became much worse than before. It was 
of a very malignant type, nearly all who were 
attacked succumbing to the disease. Thous- 
ands of people in the city and district have 
been carried off during the last month. The 
sickness was raging all around us, and I was 
alone in Lahore, feeling very anxious about 
our people. One of the deacons of our church, 
a Mr. Christopher, was attacked and died 
within less than twelve hours. I asked him 
whether he trusted in Christ. He replied, 
"Christ says, *My peace I leave with you, my 
peace I give unto you\ I have got that peace, 
but oh my wife and children!'* The cholera 
is now abating, but it is not all over yet. 
Fever is very prevalent, and the number of 
patients at our dispensary has more than 
doubled during the last two weeks. Our sup- 
ply of medicines is being exhausted, and our 
native doctor came to me a few days ago, 
asking me what he was to do. He did not 
wish to run beyond the appropriation, and 
yet the sick and dying could not be turned 
off. I told him to go on and buy such medi- 
cines as were needed, and I would see after- 
wards what could be done. 



his home and family twelve years ago and 
became a Faquir in quest of peace and true 
happiness. For these he vainly sought in 
the ascetic practices of the country. He was 
at last persuaded to look for them in Christi- 
anity and visited me for this purpose. After 
reading one of the Gospels his mind was sat- 
isfied and he found that peace which Jesus 
alone can give and which the world can nei* 
ther give nor take away. He looks happy 
and continues to study the word of God. 



A CONVERTED FAQUIR. 

Rev. K. C. Chatterjee, Hoshyarpore: — In- 
quirers have daily come to me for instruction 
and advice. One of these named Ramgir, I 
baptized. He was a Eajpat Hindu and left 



KOREA. 

WELCOME TO KOREA. 

Rev. 8. F. Moore, Seoul: This cool morning 
air is bracing, and the sunshiDe which fioods the 
city and streams in at the windows is a trifle 
better than the U. S. article. We are very com- 
fortably housed in the guest room of Mr. and 
Mrs. Giftord. Our freight, the last of it, is on the 
way up from Chemulpo, and we hope soon to be 
in our own home. The heathenism of Korea is 
more unadulterated,' the climate more invigorat- 
ing, and the missionaries already here even 
more congenial than we had expected. Tuesday 
noon, with the inrolling tide, we steamed up the » 
river Han for home. The breaking of several 
wooden cogs in the large wheel detained us so 
much that it was 10 o'clock when we landed. 
Dr. Vinton and Mr. Moffett were on hand with 
sedan chairs for the ladies. After an hour's 
tramp through the suburban streets (street is 
hardly the word, as in some of them one can 
stand in the center and touch the wall on either 
side with the elbows) we came to the gate. The 
gates close at eight o'clock and the penalty for 
opening them to a tardy stranger is decapitation^ 
A small hole at the bottom allows the dogs 
(privileged characters in Korea) to come and go 
at all hours. Baby Brown was the only one of 
our party small enough and humble enough to 
enter through the dog hole. The rest of us, 
with the aid of a rope let down from above, 
scaled the twenty foot wall without much diffl- 
culty, as there are many crevices which answer 
for foot holds. Dinner was waiting at Dr. Vin- 
ton's, and as we had had only a lunch on the 



84 



Fellowship at Sea — Searching the Scriptures. 



[Jammry^ 



boat, our midnight meal was keenly relished. 
Mrs. GifFord, Miss Doty, and Mrs. Vinton, were 
there to welcome us. 

FELLOWSHIP AT SEA. 

We sailed from San Francisco August 16, and 
reached Chemulpo Sep. 19. The sea ceased 
from her raging during the greater part of 
the time. Some days there was hardly a ripple. 
There were fourteen missionaries on board the 
'' Oceanic." Our daily meetings for conference, 
praise and prayer, were a great blessing to all 
who were well enough to enjoy them. The 
hours of Bible study were much enjoyed. The 
only unfavorable criticism of our meetings was 
as to the time, there was never enough of it. 

We received most cordial greeting and enter- 
tainment in Honolulu where we stopped one day. 
We were driven about the lovely city, past the 
banana gardens; cocoanuts, dates, pineapples, 
etc., we saw growing for the first time. Mr. 
Damon and his friends know how to speak 
words in season, and we left them thanking 
€k>d and taking courage. 

FIBBT ORIENTAL EXPERIENCES. 

The six days of waiting in Yokohama were a 
sort of introduction to Orientalism. We spent 
one day at Kamakura where we saw the great 
Dai Butsu— one of the largest Images of Buddha 
in the world, ninety-seven feet in circumference. 
The image, like Buddhism, is hollow, and we 
went inside and climbed up to the top of the 
great bronze casting. We saw a pilgrim 
worshipping there, and in the temple at Tokio 
we saw the people throw their money into the 
box, clap their hands to attract the gods* atten- 
];ion and then kneel muttering prayers to gods 
which see not, nor hear, nor know. A mil- 
lion heathen in that one city alone, and a hand- 
ful of missionaries I Truly the harvest is great 
and the laborers are fewl Some of us had 
thought the Japanese quite civilized, and were 
surprised to see so many wearing no raiment 
save a breech-cloth. We spent two days at 
Kobe, being detained one day by a typhoon. 
Our Congregational cousins made our stay very 
pleasant. 



Two days later, at Nagasaki, we found the 
(Dutch) Reformed brethren at work in the school. 
There are upwards of fifteen in the Theological 
Department of the " Boys' School." 

BEARCHIKa THE SCRIPTURES. 

Rev. Samuel A. MofTett, EuiJu: I find great 
encouragement in being able to report five or six 
men who seem to have a real hold on the truth 
and are rejoicing in it, and in the fact that large 
numbers of the people have learned what the 
Gospel is ; many are quietly searching the Script- 
ures and there is an evident conviction on the 
part of many that this is the truth. I heard of 
quite a number who^had given up the worship 
of evil spirits and 1 feel that a great deal has 
been done towards getting the people to think 
about and to talk over this new doctrine. Good 
seed was sown in the minds of a great many 
children and some of them will yet be preachers 
of the Word. I enrolled several applicants for 
baptism, one of whom gives me great joy because 
of his perfect willingness to let it be known 
that he is a Christian. He was a constant atten- 
dant upon the Bible class and the Sunday service, 
and he told me he had given up the worship of 
evil spirits and that every night he assembled 
his household to hear him read from the €k)spel8 
or other Christain books. He charged me to tell 
the people in Seoul that he had become a 
Christian . 

I look upon the summer Bible class as the 
most profitable part of my work and the one 
which will have the greatest effect in preparing 
for a harvest. A class of twelve men from eight 
towns and villages were with me for fifteen days 
and they were taken through a course of instruc- 
tion on the main doctrine of Scripture. They 
spent two hours each day with me and in the 
afternoon went over the same Bible readings with 
Mr. Paik, who more fully explained to them what 
I had taught them in the morning. One of the 
attendants upon the class was an old man of 
seventy-seven who came one hundred and fifty 
U in order to learn, more fully of that which he 
had heard in the country . 



HOME MISSIONS. 



NEW ENGLAND— WHITHER? 

The "Churchman'' recently published 
a sermon by an Episcopal clergyman in 
Maine, on "Impending Paganism in 
New England." The subject is of it- 
self sufSciently suggestive and start- 
ling. The suggestion that staid and 
sober New England is lapsing and 
deteriorating in the rear, while the 
Church of Christ is pressing westward to 
cope with the forces of evil in front, 
presents a state of things which, whether 
as fact or as possibility, is certainly dis- 
heartening. But some of the statistics 
given, on such authority in part as that 
of President Hyde of Bowdoin College, 
are more definitely significant. Waldo 
County, for instance, the county in which 
the city of Belfast is included, has 6,987 
families and 4,850 of these attend no 
church. Cumberland County which con- 
tains Portland, has 19,792 families, of 
which 7,267 attend no church. Oxford, 
a large county adjoining New Hampshire, 
has 7,288 families, 4,577 not attending 
church. Somerset, a large northern 
county, has 6,974 families, of which 4,577 
attend no church. Fifteen out of the 
sixteen iu the state have 133,445 families, 
of which 63,665, or nearly half, attend no 
church. 

A missionary reports to the Evangelistic 
Association of New England that in ninety- 
five towns in Maine no regular Sunday 
service is held, and that in that state his 
chief work, apart from preaching was to 
gather information about uncared-for 
towns. 

Figures and facts like these seem to 
warrant the inference that there must be 
many sections of our older states which 
need home mission work as really as the 
new West, and masses of people there as 
neglected and destitute spiritually as the 
Bonthem mountain whites. 

But such facts as these also suggest some 
obvious reflections with reference to the 
home mission work of our own church in 
New England. 



Our work there has hitherto been to pro- 
vide with the means of grace after Presby- 
terian fashion the tens of thousands of 
Scotch and Scotch-Irish operatives who 
have been new-comers within the last few 
years. But, without jostling any one 
else, we may find in time a larger scope 
among these unevangelized masses. The 
Presbytery of Boston, which includes all 
our work in New England, has surpassed 
all but two or three presbyteries in our 
whole church in material and spiritual 
growth. Most of its 37 churches are still 
dependent on the Board. Only two of 
them so far are in Maine, one at Portland, 
and the other at Houlton, near the eastern 
boundary. But whenever the presbytery 
shall reach, as surely it may^ the point of 
vigorous aggressiveness, it will find as 
genuine a home mission field as our whole 
land can ofter in such sections as those 
whose destitution is above described. 

JOSEPH OF CHILCAT. 

EBV. B. H. AUSTIN, SITKA. 

Our friend has passed away to the better 
land. He came to the house several 
years ago ; had several severe attacks of 
rheumatism, of which he was cured several 
times, but on the slightest exposure it 
would return. He' had evidently been 
troubled with it for years before he came 
to live with us, as his knees were covered 
with ugly looking scars where the natives 
had cut him with their knives to cure him. 
This is a favorite mode of treatment with- 
them to cure pains. He thought if he 
went to the ranch and lived on native 
food it might help him, and he was per- 
mitted to try the experiment. It did not 
prove beneficial as he had hoped, for he 
was soon confined to his bed a helpless 
cripple. The hovel where he lived was 
not fit for an animal to live in, much less 
a human being. The sides of the build- 
ing were so decayed that they had to be 
supported by props to keep them from fall- 
ing. A few boards in the soft mud an- 
swered for a floor. The rain and snow 

80 



86 



Notes on the Synods. 



[kfanunry^ 



came through the roof into his bed, not- 
withstanding he had an old sail stretched 
over it. His old, infirm mother waited 
upon him as best she could, but he would 
haye starved except for the food carried to 
him from the Mission. His pale face, so 
marked with pain, used to haunt me at 
night. In one of my letters to Mrs. Elliott 
F. Shepard I mentioned his case, and that 
noble generous Christian lady gave us 
the money to build our boy^s hospital. 
As soon as it was finished, Joseph was 
transferred from his wretched hovel to it. 
I shall never forget the change in his ap- 
pearance, and the deep gratitude he ox- 
pressed, and looked^ when I told him he 
could thank this generous lady for it all ; 
that Jesus had put it into her heart to do 
such kind things for God's poor children. 
He was beyond help, and he wasted away 
day by day until he became a living skele- 
ton. His feet were drawn up until they 
nearly touched his hips ; his fingers 
twisted out of shape, jaws set so that he 
could only eat liquid food, and he could 
rest in one position only. So he has lived , 
or rather died daily, month after month. 
He has been a preacher to all at the Mis- 
sion, both teachers and scholars. He was 
the personification of patience, never mur- 
muring nor complaining. Almost always 
a peaceful smile rested on his face, and in 
answer to my question, *' How do you do, 
to-day, Joseph?" He always replied, 
" Just the same." I said to him one day 
that God often sent afflictions upon us to 
save us, or to make us better^ quoting the 
words of the psalmist, "Before I was 
afflicted I went astray." He answered, 
''That is my case. When I left the 
school and went to the Indian village I 
was so discouraged at the failure of all my 
hopes and plans^ I fully intended to live a 
bad life like my people. This sickness 
prevented me from doing so, and I thank 
God. for sending it." He had a longing 
desire to unite with the church, and on 
Jane 7, 1891, we went with our native 
elders from the church to the hospital, 
received him into the church and admin- 
istered the communion to him. It seemed 
to gi^e him great comfort^ and we felt sure 
that the Master was present. It was 
good to be there. I saw him about an 
hour before he died, and he said, *^ I feel 
very different this morning,^' but I did not 



think he was so neal* the end of his jour- 
ney. He asked Kendall (a namesaKe of 
Dr. Kendall) a little boy who watched by 
his side, to pray for him, and to read the 
fourteenth chapter oi John. I had 
spokeii to him about this chapter, perhaps 
a week before, as one of his friends, a 
Chilcat girl named Ann, died a few years 
sinod repeating with her last breath, 
" Let not your heart be troubled," etc. 
Just before he passed away he exclaimed, 
"The Angels! don't you. see the An- 
gels V' What a picture, this little native 
boy not more than ten or twelve years of 
age, reading and praying with his dying 
companion. What a change for this poor 
sufferer — ^f rom a hospital to heaven — ^f rom 
misery to glory. 



NOTES ON THE SYNODS. 

The Synod of Wisconsin met at Eau 
Claire, Oct. 13th, and continued its ses- 
sions over the following Sabbath. It was 
warmly welcomed to the commodious and 
beautiful new church barely completed in 
time to receive it, the erection of which 
does vast credit to the congregation and 
their energetic pastor, Eev. Wm. N. Sloan. 
The synod has five presbyteries, 126 min- 
isters, 146 churches and 11,466 communi- 
cants. Presbyterian strength in the state 
is relatively not what it should be. Our 
work lagged for several years for want of 
system and supervision, and other denom- 
inations left us behind. Three years ago 
Dr. W. D. Thomas was chosen superin- 
tendent of missions, and his energetic 
work has wrought great improvement. 
Wisconsin is in some respects a peculiarly 
difficult field. It is said to have a larger 
foreign element proportionately than any 
other state except Bhode Island. Its 
population is said to half German and two- 
thirds foreign. Milwaukee is two-thirds 
German and La Crosse three-fourths. 
While the field for work is inviting and 
urgent, there are great obstacles in the 
line of irreligion and infidelity. Our work 
has been begun and has made some prog- 
ress in all the different lines open to us. 
The Rev. Knud Knudson has been push- 
ing work among the Scandinavians. The 
Bohemian community at Melnik, in Man- 
itowoc Co., has 'this last year reared a 
church building and a parsonage, and a 



1893.] 



Synod 0/ Illinois — Notes Sensation. 



37 



charch baa been organized under the pas- 
toral care of the Ber. Joseph Balcar, 
whose persistence under difficulties bids 
fair to be largely rewarded. There is also 
good and growing work among Germans 
and French. But there ought to be vastly 
more. Bev. James Todd was a few months 
ago appointed synodical evangelist, and 
his beginning of pioneer aggressive work 
promises well. The churches of synod 
gave the Board last year about $4000, and 
received from the Board more than three 
times that amount, though some $1400 
less than the year before. 

Nearly half the ministers of synod were 
present at the meeting, and the sessions 
manifested a vigorous and practical inter- 
est in missions and church extension. 
Eleven newly - organized churches and 
nineteen new fields were reported among 
the results of the year, during which it 
was said that home mission work has been 
pushed with more vigor and greater success 
than ever before. A large popular meeting 
on Sunday evening listened to addresses by 
the attending secretaries of the Home and 
Foreign Boards. 



The Synod of Illinois had an unusually 
pleasant meeting at Jersey ville, beginuiug 
Oct. 18th. Few were present from Chi- 
cago and its vicinity, very naturally, and 
yet the attendance was large, and the ses- 
sions were marked with zeal and enthusi- 
asm. There was a notable generality and 
brotherliness of feeling which was most 
delightful. The attending secretary of 
the Home Board was put twice on the 
program— once at the morning session, 
after the report on home missions, and 
again at the large and earnest popular 
meeting in the evening. The ample ac- 
commodations of the fine church, the 
generous entertainment of the members of 
synod, and the hearty hospitality of the 
manse and the pastor, — Bev. Dr. Tyson, 
a valued friend for a generation — ^all tend- 
ed to enhance the pleasure of a most sat- 
isfactory and successful meeting. 

Illinois is a powerful synod, with eleven 
presbyteries, 432 ministers, 492 churches, 
and 56,211 communicants. It gave the 
Board last year $40,382, a falling off of 
more than $2,000 from the year before; 
and received from the Board about $20,000, 
pr hi^f as much as it gave^ and some $2,600 



more than it received the year before. Its 
scheme of four synodical evangelists, in- 
augurated some four years ago, had been 
found helpful, but has not been fully and 
thoroughly maintained, and probably will 
be replaced by other arrangements. The 
Presbytery of Chicago is of course far the 
strongest of the eleven presbyteries, and 
with the Presbyterian League and the 
Social Union is gathering up its energies 
to set about the vast task of the great 
city's evangelization. It is said that 
400,000 of the population, or at least, 
one-third, have no church affiliation what- 
ever. 

NOTES. 

A novel and unusual sensation came re- 
cently to the office of the Board, in the shape 
of a letter from a missionary in California, 
acknowledging receipt of an agreement with 
a reduced appropriation, and adding: 

*^ I sincerely thank you for making this re- 
duction, for under the circumt-tances I think 
it is all we should receive. We will be by 
no means straitened to live in this neigh- 
borhood on $750. Yet I have no doubt the 
people will make up the fifty/' 

There is genuine and singular self-denial 
in such a reception of a reduced appropria- 
tion, with a salary by no means large. With 
a less burdened treasury, the Board would 
no doubt have gladly granted the full sum 
applied for. There are many su3h hard cases 
in this time of dearth, but such kindly and 
contented acquiescence is not common — and 
no wonder. 



Rev. Andrew Wormser reports the or- 
ganization of the First Holland Presbyterian 
church at Manhattan, Montana, with four- 
teen communicants and sixteen baptized 
members, with prospect of further additions 
before long. It is stated that the church has 
pledged to the Board of Home Missions $4 
per member annually, which is much beyond 
the average gifts of any other church in the 
Presbytery of Montana. The congregation 
belongs to a recent colony from Holland, 
brought over by Mr. Wormser under Presby- 
terian auspices, and probably soon to be in- 
creased by similar immigration. The excel- 
lent material already secured and favoring 
conditions give promise of the establishment 
of a vigorous and prosperous Presbyterian 
church and community. Notices of this 
church and colony come to us in the Light 
of the VaJley^ a bright little Presbyterian 
paper issued monthly at Bozepiap, wit}i Mr, 
Wormser as editpr. 



88 



Iowa — Sitka — North Dakota. 



YJofnuary^ 



Rev. T. S. Bailey, D. D., sy nodical mis- 
sionary of Iowa, who manages his wide field 
with great wisdom and tireless vigor, gives 
in his report of the synodical year just ended 
a full and detailed descriptive list of thirty- 
nine fields now vacant among the 374 
churches of the synod^s nine presbyteries. 
Some of these vacancies are due to the return 
of students to the seminaries after a sum- 
mer's effective work. As described, these 
vacancies, almost without exception, are at- 
tractive and promising, and afford openings 
for useful and hopeful work. 



Rev. A. E. Austin, principal of the Sitka 
Training school, thinks the new church edifice 
there the finest building of its kind in the 
Territory. It was built by our boys under the 
direction of our carpenter. The galleries 
are made of panels of yellow and red cedar 
alternating, varnished, so that they show the 
grain of the wood. The pews are treated in 
the same way. The wainscoting around the 
sides of the church, for some four feet above 
the fioor, is also varnished. The pulpit is 
made of native wood, yellow cedar trimmed 
with red cedar. A small cross of red cedar 
is inlaid in the upright panel of yellow cedar; 
it is greatly admired by visitors. The sides 
of the church are painted in a French gray 
and the ceiling a pale blue. The galleries 
area great curiosity to the natives; one of 
them after examining them for a long time 
said that '*he was going to build a house 
with them in it.** Our school room was 
much too small for our congregation, and our 
church supplies our need. 



Britton, N. D. — Rev. D. M. Butt writes 

of an addition to his church building, which 

wUl cost $1200, and says that his people will 

be taxed heavily to pay for it, but he is 

sure it will all be paid for before it is finished. 

He adds: 

The work is moving, but I would like it to 
move faster. And I grow discouraged and 
feel like giving the field into some other 
hands. But I have been with this people 
through hard times, and I know how strait- 
ened they are, and because they are my first 
charge I love them, and I have great reluct- 
ance to leave. 



Evidently the writer of the above is not 
the hireling of whom our Saviour speaks, 
who fleeth because he is a hireling, and 
careth not for the sheep, but a true and faith- 
ful 8bepber4» 



NORTH DAKOTA. 

REV. F. M. WOOD, 8. M. 

In 1871, Home Missions began its work in 
North Dakota. Before this, only Chaplains 
in forts and Missionaries among Indians were 
at their work. To the white population the 
Missionary had not yet come. 

With the crossing of the N. P. R. R. over 
the Red River of the North, came the first 
signs of a boom which lasted for years. In the 
vangpiard of it stood Rev. O. E. Elmer, min- 
istering to the people of Fargo. Not another 
joined him in the territory till 1878, when 
Father Sloan placed two hundred miles be- 
tween him and this first station, and formed 
a second at Bismarck. This became the first 
organized church. Until 1875 no one dis- 
puted the ground. North Dakota was exclu- 
sively Presbyterian, with two ministers and 
one church, and a preaching station. 

From that time on, several denominations 
have vied with each other to lift the banner of 
the cross and plant churches. Presbyterian- 
ism has organized over one hundred churches 
which now have a membership of over three 
thousand, and have employed during the past 
year about seventy ministers and students. 

The work still presses, and men and means 
are inadequate to the demands. We need at 
once a dozen men. 

The Board of Home Missions has contrib- 
uted toward the support of missionaries about 
$14,000 during the year, and the field has 
raised double that amount, besides spending a 
large amount in buildings and improvements. 

The Board of Ohorch Erection comes to 
the aid of these struggling churches to help 
push the edifices and parsonages. 

We are just now pressing on the attention 
of the churches the need of buildings, as it is 
said there are more unhoused churches in 
North Dakota than anywhere else in the na- 
tion. We have only fifty-seven church build- 
ings in all, and twenty- two parsonages. 

This makes work in many fields uninviting 
and difficult. Where houses of worship and 
houses for ministers are provided, it is easier 
to obtain men and keep them. 

The Boards, therefore, want funds to furn- 
ish these and to support men, of which 
North Di^ol4 needs ^ ^^ej^erous sl^r^r 



1893.] 



Grrowth in California — Utah — Where the People Live. 



39 



A synodical missionary in the central west 
illnstrates the unchangeable spirit of Borne 
by telling that in the neighborhood of a 
newly-organized Presbyterian chnrch two 
girls were recently whipped by the priest 
because one did not attend mass regularly 
and the other ^* banged*' her hair. 



GROWTH IN CALIFORNIA. 

Rev. Thos. Fraser, D. D., was Synodical Mis- 
sionary on the Pacific coast 15 years; from '68 to 
*83. Visiting Stockton Presbytery in session at 
Fowler, Oct., 19, 1892, he spoke of a tour through 
this legion 23 years ago, when we had one church 
south of Stockton ; now we have 20. He also 
said that at that time we bad no church on the 
coast south of Watsonville. Now San Jose 
Presbytery has 8, and Los Angeles Presbytery 
has 76; a growth from 1 to 104 in the territory 
south of Stockton and Watsonyille. 



Rev. a C. Rbbd, of the Presbytery of Troy, 
is marked " without charge '' in the *' minutes" 
of 1892, who has been the very acceptable min- 
ister of the Coronado church more than a year, 
and persistently declines to receive aid from the 
Board. He is a home missionary of the self- 
supporting variety, and this not because of 
personal wealth, but by wise economy and great 
self- sacrifice. He is an exceedingly useful variety 
of •• W. C." If Troy Presbytery has any more 
of this variety, California would welcome a num- 
ber of them. 



In Southern California, Rev. F. D. Seward, 
S. M., reports six churches in San Jose Presby- 
tery, and four in Los Angeles Presbytery, that 
have become self-supporting during the year 
1892. 

In the Southern half of Stockton Presbytery, 
he says that two of the ten churches are self-sup- 
porting : three are in charge of three home mis- 
sionaries ; five are vacant. 

In San Jose Presbytery, of thirty churches, 
nineteen are self-supporting. 

In the Los Angeles Presbytery, of seventy -six 
churches twenty are self-suporting ; forty-two 
are served by twenty -nine home missionaries ; ooe 
is a Chinese church, dependant on the Board of 
Foreign Missions; four are vacant. Some of 
these are occasionally supplied by the Synodical 
Missionary. 

Mr. Seward's observations in his field, move 
him to emphasize the value and economy of 
manses, f^ weU as the comfort and encourage- 



ment to '' the mistress of the manse " and her 
home-needing consort. 

The Portuguese work is important in the San 
Jose Presbytery; ten thousand Portuguese 
already settled between Oakland and San Jose — 
more coming — have bought land and are pros- 
pering, only one Protestant minister among 
them. Rev. J. F. Cherry at San Leandro. A 
good lady has furnished him a horse and cart. 



UTAH. 

Rev. James Thompson, of Smithfield, says: 
''There are many young men here not committed 
to the endowment oaths who would break entirely 
away from priestly denomination, if it were not 
for their environment. But It would be impos- 
sible to make an American citizen of an initiated 
Mormon while he remained such. 



WHERE THE PEOPLE LIVE. 

I was talking to a Mormon the other day 
about the moral state of this place in particular 
and Utah in general, chiefly In regard to temper- 
ance and chastity, and this is what he said in 
substance. ''The saloon here pays more money 
for license than the total taxes of Smithfield and 
yet It Is well-known that not a single Gkntile 
patronizes that saloon. " In regard to the question 
of chastity, he said "that the most foolish thing 
the Mormons could do was to deny the practice 
of Polygamy. The report of the Utah Commis- 
sion is an awkward commentary on Wilford 
Woodruff's ' Manifesto.' The Polygamists are 
convicted in the courts by the hundreds. There 
is nothing that would so fully expose the sys- 
tem of Mormonism as an old-fashioned revival, 
and by Qod's help we will carry the battle to the 
enemies gates this winter with our little united 
band of workers.'' 



The Christian Stetoard quotes from "Our 
German Work, " a new paper in the interest of the 
German Presbyterian Theological Seminary at 
Dubuque, the statement that it pays to carry on 
the work among the Germans; and by way of proof 
gives some significant statistics. The Presbytery 
of Dubuque has nine German churches, eight of 
which are self-supporting, and twenty-eight 
English-speaking churches, of which only five 
are self-supporting. In Iowa half of the English- 
speaking churches receive Home Mission aid, 
while only one-sixth of the Ckrman churches 
receive it. The Ninety-nine German Presby- 



40 



Washington — Wisconsin — MassachiLseits — Minnesota. [January^ 



terian churches ia the Northwest gave last year 
to benevolent objects an average of -$1.44 per 
member, an average larger than that of several 
Synods, though falling considerable short of the 
average for the whole church, $5.12^. Such 
facts certainly make the statement good — if it 
needs to be made good at all— that '*it pays to 
carry on work among the Germans." 



*' The Christian Steward " also tells of receiv- 
ing a gift for Foreign Missions, the giver ex- 
plaining that no opportunity of making the con- 
tribution was afforded them in the church they 
attend. Of course this may have been a 
church of another denomination. But it would 
be worth while to find out how many of the 1900 
churches which give nothing to Home Missions 
are non- contributing for the like reason — that 
the cause is not put before the people at all, and 
they have no opportunity to give. 



An extract from a recent letter from Dr. T. 
M. Glenn, sy nodical missionary in Washington, 
will give our readers an idea how new churches 
take shape and get on under difficulties in needy 
sections of the new West : — 

At Bethany I found our faithful elder, Hugh H. 
McCormick. leading in the erection of a new church 
buildinR. Elder Price is superintending and doing 
the buUding, while brother McCormick does the 
soliciting. They are erecting a $1,500 church. 
They have gotten just one cash subscription, of $5. 
But they are building the church. Tne Board of 
Church Erection has promised them $500. Thev 
have solicited and secured all the material and all 
the labor needed to complete the house. They need 
a bell. They heard of a forsaken church where the 
bell was not used, and have hopes to raise the means 
for its transportation. They will need a communion 
set. Who will give them one ? 



Rev. George F. McAfee, after three happy 
and prosperous years of pastoral service in 
Bt. Paul, being desired by the Board of Home 
Missions to take up an important work at 
Good Will, has consented with great pain to 
himself and the people whom he leaves. He 
says: 

^*I accept the new work, because I believe 
the Lord calls me to ft, and I know He will 
not leave nor forsake me, nor the dear church 
which I leave." 



The Synod of Wisconsin has tried, with 
good success, the asMciation of evangelistic 
and pastoral work, with the oversight of weak 
mission fields and vacant ohurcheH. New 



fields have been thoroughly examined and 
tested before beginning pernuinent work. 
Weak fields have been maintained and 
strengthened, despondent missionaries cheer- 
ed, crooked things made straight, financial 
difficulties overcome. So Rev. J. Todd in- 
forms us, and gives several illustrations of it. 



Rev. W. D. Thomas, S. M., thinks the 
foreign work in Wisconsin most encouraging. 
Two Bohemian communities are pressing for 
organization of churches ; three Scandinavian 
neighborhoods ask the same ; three very im- 
portant points in the southern part of the 
the Synod send the cry, '• '■ Come over and help 
us"; two or three large cities have sent 
strong appeals for destitute sections. 



Boston, Mass., Scotch Church. — Rev. S. 
C. Gunn writes : 

^ ^Failure in agricultural products in East- 
ern Nova Scotia, the region of country from 
which the majority of our young people come 
to us, render our work in securing fnnds 
more difficult, as a considerable part of their 
earnings are sent to relieve the necessities of 
the old home. Notwithstanding these hin- 
drances we are hopeful that our church debt 
may be considerably reduced, and that the 
seventh year of our existence as a church 
may find the infant church of the Presbyter- 
ian family in this city self-supporting. 

After speaking of their faithful contribut- 
ing to the Board of the Church, Mr. Gnnn 
adds : 

^*0f course these collections are not large 
in ^he eyes of those who are ignorant of our 
circumstances, but the Master knows our 
struggles to reduce our debt and become self 
supporting. 

Minnesota. — Rev. R. N. Adama, testifies 
that this has been to him the happiest year 
of his service as synodical Missionary. The 
Board of Home Missions has helped them 
generously, and he finds no evidence that the 
help has anywhere been misapplied. ** We 
have abandoned nothing, have been much 
strengthened, and have advanced all along 
the line," 



1893.] 



'' Tlie New WesC 



41 



Fourteen churches organized, containing 
three hundred members ; ten houses com- 
pleted and five more begun ; twelve church 
building completed and dedicated, all free 
from debt except the two largest. Six 
churches have become self-supporting; work 
of ^ ' pastors at large ** more successful than 
was hoped. Ten graduates from Theological 
Seminaries received as ministers, and eleven 
under-graduates employed in Summer vaca- 
tion — *^ all we could wish as to conduct and 
work." 

''State filling up rapidly. Outlook for 
Scandinavian work never so hopeful.*' 



Oklahoma.. — Rev. John H. Aughey has or- 
ganized a church at' Mulhall with thirteen 
members; secured $1000 for church build- 
ing; pushing work on building ; will move 
up to Mulhall as soon as he can get a 
house ; now preaches at Waterloo and Mul- 
hall on alternate Sabbaths. Railroad fare for 
round trip, $5 00. Goes also from Mulhall, 
after preaching twice, to preach in a dug-out 
school-house, ten miles away. 



Michigan. — ^Rev. Chas. D. Ellis tells of 
good interest in church work at Saginaw ; 
ordinary congregations never larger ; prayer- 
meetings best ever had there ; confidently 
looking for a work of grace. Outlook never 
better than to-day. 



Jehovah's portion is his people; Jacob 
is'the lot of his inheritance. 

As an eagle that stirreth up her nest, 
that flnttereth over her young, He spread 
abroad hia wings, He took them, He bore 
them on his pinions: Jehovah alone did 
lead him, and there was no strange god 
with him. He made him ride on the 
high places of the earth, and he did eat 
the increase of the field. 

Beware lest thine heart be lifted up, 
and then forget Jehovah thy Ood. It is 
be that giveth the power U) get wei^lth. 



Concert of (prAger 



JANUARY, .... The New West. 

FEBRUARY, .... The IndlmM. 

MARCH, .... The Older States. 

APRIL, The Cities. 

MAY, The Mormons. 

JUNE, Our Mlssionsries. 

JULY, Results of the Year. 

AUGUST, Romanists and Foreigners. 

8BPTBMBBR The Outlook. 

OCTOBBR, .... The Treasury. 

NOVBMBBR, The Mexicans. 

DBCBMBBR, .... The South. 



*'THE NEW WEST." 

Our topic has been changed in form 
just enough to make it explicit. Instead 
of ^^The Great Wesf^ as it formerly stood 
we now have it "7%e New West.^^ Even 
this must be defined. The meridian 
forming the eastern boundary line of the 
Dakotas, Nebraska, Kansas, Indian Terri- 
tory and Texas divides the United States 
into two unequal parts, the western part 
being very much the larger. But we 
leave Texas out, as properly belonging to 
the South, and add Minnesota as being 
a comparatively new Western state. In 
order to study this topic intelligently we 
need to have clearly in mind or before our 
eyes the region described. Though about 
half the area of the union this new 
West comprises but thirteen states and the 
five territories. This region is four times 
as large as the original thirteen states and 
has twice the population they had at the 
time of the adoption of the Constitution. 

It has a larger population to-day than the 
entire nation had in 1810. Two of these 
"New West" states, viz: — Kansas and 
Minnesota, have about as many inhabi- 
tants as all the original thirteen had, and 
two of them, viz; — California and Mon- 
tana, are nearly as large in area as all the 
original thirteen states. 

Notwithstanding the phenomenal rap- 
idity with which this region has been 



42 



^2 he New WetL" 



[Januaryy 



peopled, there is still but a sparse popula- 
tion. There is an average of bat four 
persons to the square mile. In Idaho, 
Arizona, and Wyoming, the average is one 
person to the square mile, while in Color- 
ado the average is four. In Kansas 
there are seventeen; in Minnesota, fifteen; 
in California, eight. Nebraska has four- 
teen; North Dakota, nearly three; and 
South Dakota, more than four. Okla- 
homa Territory, which has been settled less 
than three years^ received an average of 
two persons to the square mile in less than 
an hour on its birth day. 

Nearly all the states, most sparsely 
settled, have been most recently reached 
by railroads, but they have, with a single 
possible exception, resources surpassing 
those more thickly settled. If it be true, 
as has been repeatedly asserted, that there 
is not elsewhere upon the face of the earth, 
a region capable of sustaining a denser 
population than this can sustain^ what 
must we expect and prepare for in the 
immediate future ? China has an average 
of 121 to the square mile. At that rate, 
our " New West " would sustain a popula- 
tion of two hundred millions. 

The region formerly known as the plains, 
is a regular grade,risingf rom Iowa and Mis- 
souri^ at three hundred feet above sea level, 
to the foot of the Rocky Mountains, five 
thousand feet. This vast region is covered 
with an immensely fertile soil, washed 
down through the ages from the great 
Western mountains. They were considered 
arid by the superficial observers of the 
earlier days, but later research has demon- 
strated tbe fact, that underneath this vast 
region are flowing perpetual streams of pure 
water from the mountains, ready to burst 
forth into cool fountains or flowing wells 
wherever the industry of man has invited 
it forth. And those majestic mountains 
are God's provision for watering the valleys 
and the plains. They tread across the 
path pf the prevailing Western wi^dfl eo 



that their high peaks may catch the clouds 
from the Pacific and wring them dry and 
treasure their waters in the form of snow 
in their deep gorges, whence they are 
distributed perpetually and economically 
over the regions below. 

If it be true, as every authority on the 
subject asserts, that about one-half of this 
western region is arable and the other 
comprises forests, grazing lands and 
mineral mountains, we must expect at an 
early day a denser population than we have 
in the states eastward. Now if we bear 
in mind two things, viz: — the vastly 
greater resources and the superior facilities 
for developing them and populating the 
country, we can easily account for the 
moie rapid growth which they have had, 
and we will expect greater things in the 
immediate future. 

At this point it would be interesting to 
introduce statistical evidence of the utter- 
ly inadequate supply of ministers and 
churches, but space forbids. Take two 
facts : — So far from being aggressive in 
missionary operations the Board has had 
to defend itself every month against the 
important call of the western communi- 
ties for the means of grace. 

But what is the character of the popu- 
lation that is filling up that region ? Many 
of them are the children of the older 
churches in the Eastern states, who have 
gone out into the perils of that new coun- 
try. Many are of the very best of the im- 
migration from foreign countries, but alas ! 
many are of the worst and most lawless 
classes which the great cities of our own 
and other countries produce. These inter- 
mingling elements are not evolving godli- 
ness or building churches nor producing 
the fruits of righteousness. They are not 
dominated by the noble and single pur 
pose which led our forefathers to settle 
the early colonies. They are there for 
gold, for silver, for wealth and power. 

And if it be true that we have not ade- 



1898.] 



Letters — Soyih Dakota — California. 



48 



qnately provided for the spiritual interests 
of this region as it now is, the prospects 
before us are certiBkinly alarming. 

Onr country has no back door, as other 
countries have, through which to expel 
the lawless and pauper and criminal 
classes, but we stand four fronts to the 
world, and through all our doors are pour- 
ing into our midst the worthless classes of 
all the earth, and we are compelled to absorb 
them in some fashion into our own social 
and civil life. Can we do it safely with- 
out stronger and more decided gospel in- 
fluences ? Instead of weakening our forces 
do we not need to redouble them ? We 
cannot do this work by odd jobs: we 
must swell the stream of gospel influences, 
give it greater vigor and a wider sweep ; 
and we must see that it maintains a steadier 
flow. 

The Church was never relatively as rich 
as it is to-day, and yet it never fell so far 
behind the growth of tho country, in all 
its history, as it has at this time. Dr. Cros- 
by said : ^^ The trouble is, the Church is too 
rich.'' The opportunities and responsi- 
bility have increased with the increase of 
wealth; but churches have not increased 
their contributions in the same ratio. 



%tiitXB. 



SOUTH DAKOTA. 

BOHKXIAITB BBCOMINO AMSRICAl^S. 

Kcv John Linka writes of the Bohemian 
Church in Eagle, Brule County: The attendsDce 
at the Divine service is always large, and in 
the last two months several Catholic families 
attend sermons and Sunday-schools and even 
Thursday night singing exercises. Several 
farmers bought new buggies that their long ride 
to church (often 8 miles) might be more com- 
fortable for wife and children. It is a nice 
Bight, never to be seen anywhere in Europe, 
when every Sunday the church is besieged by 
wagons and buggies with a. great flock of 
bQTB^ ^i^ at tb^ wagons, or to pol^s fixed 



round the church. Regularly all the people 
who are present at the Divine service remain 
for the Sabbath- school, which is held immediate- 
ly afterwards. A strong encouragement for our 
Sabbath -school was the visit of Mr. Lucas, 6. 
S. Missionary, through whom the Board of Pub- 
lication and Sabbath-school Work sends us 20 or 
25 copies of its Sabbath-school publications. 
Most of our young people and children are able 
to read and understand English. Another new 
feature in our Sabbath-school is the introduction 
of the smaller Westminster Catechism, which I 
have ordered in the Bohemian translation from 
Europe, and which will be for children far more 
suitable than that, equally good, and worthy, of 
Heidelberg, which is mostly used in the Bohe- 
mian Reformed Church. 

We intend to found a congregational library, 
which would be opened not only to the members 
of the church, but to any other applicant, and 
I hope there will be many of them from the 
Catholic side. A small beginning is made already 
by voluntary gifts of Bohemian books. But 
there is a real necessity to have English good 
books in the library likewise, as some younger 
people read English more easily than Bohemian. 
Our funds, however, are too low to provide 
English books, and I ask most fervently the 
Board if it can do something for us in this re- 
spect, e, g., by finding some friends who would 
offer us good books. 



CALIFORNIA. 

Rev. a. Moss Merwin, Pasadena. — At the 
Rose Ranch near San Gabriel we have a new 
congregation of about fifty persons, many of 
whom formerly spent the Sabbath in drinking 
and gambling. After the service, which is held 
in a large thatched hut, some of our faithful 
women from distant churches remain to converse 
with those to whom the gospel is passing strange. 
Deep interest has been aroused there. A 
neighboring priest has visited the people and 
warned them, underpenalty of excommunication 
not to attend our services, but his threats are un- 
heeded. Under a large tree, in a secluded spot 
at this Mexican settlement, ten or a dozen chil- 
dren gather twice a week to receive instruction 
in reading from our good missionary, Mr. Diaz. 
The nearest public school is several miles dis- 
tant. 

Near the old San Gabriel Mission, on the 
public highway, stands our modest sanctuary 
where there is preaching in Spanish nearly every 
Sabbath. 4 u^au and won^n, parents ot severe 



44 



Oklahoma — Indian Territory. 



[Janvjary^ 



bright children, have been led since attending 
the services to apply for a license for marriage. 
This is the third case of the kind in our congre- 
gation within the past three years. Under 
Romanism the consciences of these Mexicans is 
not much disturbed as to illegitimate domestic 
relations. Three orphans, children of Roman 
Catholic parentage and with a little property, 
have been legally placed, through their relatives, 
under the guardianship of your missionary. 

These orphans, the two girls at least, will 
probably be sent as boarding pupils to our Span- 
ish school at Los Angeles. The new and com- 
fortable building for that institution is rapidly 
nearing completion, thanks to the earnest labors 
of the Home Missionary ladies of this presby- 
tery. Our work In Los Angeles among the 
Mexicans has broadened out somewhat during 
the laf t quarter. There are now three Sunday- 
schools with a small attendance at each. An- 
other place of worship has been opened through 
the generosity of a woman, a member of the 
church, who gives free of rent the best part of 
her dwelling, to be used exclusively for our ser- 
vices. These are often very well attended, by 
people once strongly prejudiced against the 
evangelical faith. Among these new hearers is 
a household with whom a weekly prayer-meeting 
is held by Elder Morales. 

Work is to be begun next week at Azuca on 
the church edifice wrecked by the gale in De- 
cember, 1891. At the other preaching stations, 
regularly visited by Mr. Diaz and myself, it is 
evident that there is a growing disposition to 
hear what God says and to obey his word. Oh 
that we had the men and means to reach thous- 
ands more of these neglected Mexicans ! 



God has strengthened our hands and raised up 
friends till now we worship in a beautiful little 
sanctuary with a large congregation and a Sab- 
bath-school that fills our building, I thank Gk)d 
and take courage. I have done some work out- 
side of this city but this church is my joy and 
my pride. With my own hands I labored in its 
construction. I helped lay its floor and shingle 
its roof. In the bitter cold of the winter night 
I kept fires going that its plastering might not 
freeze. I helped scrub it out for dedication. 
But that time is passed, and these are only mem- 
ories. To-day the church is strong and flourish- 
ing. We have good congregations, the best Sab- 
bath-schoolln the county, a noble band of young 
people and the respect and confidence of 4he 
whole community. The audience that greeted 
us at the installation service was the largest that 
has ever been gathered for a religious service on 
a week night in our city. The future is full of 
promise. I write this that you may see the 
progress that has been made and rejoice with 
me. Outside of £1 Reno I have organized four 
churches, three of which are supplied with nice 
buildings. I have wed 80 members and baptized 
several children. My field has been thrice di- 
vided and yet there is a call for more men. Now 
is our time to push church extension. 

But while we have much over which to rejoice, 
a great sorrow has come into our home. When 
we took up the work in El Reno, our house was 
gladdened by the sunshine of two dear little 
children. God in his providence has taken both 
of them to himself and our home is desolate. 
We can not understand it. We cannot fathom 
His purposes. We can only trust him and lean 
on that assurance: " What Ida^ thou knouteU not 
novD^ hut tJuni shalt know hereafter" 



OKLAHOMA. 



RBV. 0. H. MILLBR. 



I cannot refrain from speaking of that inter- 
esting event, my installation as pastor of the 
church at El Reno. The church was beauti- 
fully decorated and the congregation filled the 
house, including the lecture room, to overfiow- 
ing. To me it was a most joyous occasion. 
When I look back to the time just two years ago 
when I took up the work here — when I recall 
the little handful, unorganized and unsheltered 
with nothing in their hands to support the gos- 
ptl but with only a burning desire for a church 
and a minister, — when I think of that little cold 
shanty in which we met for the first year, when 
I think of what we have gone through, of how 



THE ALPINE SHEPHERD. 

When on my ear your loss was knelled, 
And tender sympathy upburst, 

A little rill from memory swelled 
Which one had soothed my bitter thirst. 

And I was fain to bear to you 
Some portion of its mild relief, 

That it might be as healing dew 
To steal some fever from your grief. 

After our child's untroubjed breath 
Up to the Father took its way, 

And on our home the shade of death, 
Like a long twilight, haunting lay. 

And friends cam6 round with us to weep 
Her little spirit's swift remove, 

This storv of the Alpine sheep 
Was told to us by on^ we love; 



1893.] 



Southern Girls at School. 



45 



"They in the valley's sheltering care 
Soon crop the meadow's tender prime ; 
And when the sod grows brown and bare, 
The shepherd strives to make them climb 

" To airy shelves of pasture green 

That hang along the mountain's side, 
Where grass and flowers together lean, 
And down through mists the sunbeams slide ; 

" But naught can tempt the timid things 
The steep and rugged path to try, 
Though sweet the shepherd calls and sings 
And seared below the pastures lie, 

" Till in his arms the lambs he takes 
Along the dizz7 verge to go; 
Then, heedless of the rifts and breaks. 
They follow on o'er rock and snow. 



"And in those pastures lifted fair. 
More dewy soft than lowland mead. 
The shepherd drops his tender care. 
And sheep and lambs together feed. 



i> 



This parable, by Nature breathed, 
Blew on me as the south wind free 

O'er frozen brooks that float, unsheathed 
From icy thraldom, to the sea. 

A blissful vision through the night 
Would all my happy senses sway, 

Of the Gtood Shepheid on the height. 
Or climbing up the stony way. 

Holding our little lamb asleep ; 

And like the burden of the sea. 
Sounded that voice along the deep, 

Saying, ''Arise, and follow me." 

Maria Lowbll. 



The following article is taken from the 
correspondents' colnmns of the New York 
Tribune. Besides its bright and clever 
sketch of onr Normal- and Collegiate In- 
stitute at Asheville, its testimony to our 
work there is valuable, as we have no rea- 
son to think the unknown writer to be 
other than an impartial visitor and ob- 
serrer. 

SOUTHERN GIRLS AT SCHOOL. 

A STUDT OF HUMAN NATURE AT ASHEVILLB, 
NORTH CAROLINA. 

Asheville, N. C, Nov. 22.— The sturdy mount- 
aioeer, his pretty fair-haired, simple-minded 
daughter and the rough-diamond suitor for her 
hand are such familiar types to the story-reading 
worid at the present day that there seems to be 
little left unsaid concerning the Inhabitants of 



these North Carolina mountains. There is, how. 
ever, a new field for study, namely, the aforesaid 
daughter in her first year at school, a position in 
which new lights and shades are thrown upon 
her character. It is undoubtedly known to many 
people at the North that this year the Presbyter- 
ian Board of Home Missions has openediin Ashe- 
ville a boarding-school, which gives to those of 
narrow means the opportunity of a course of 
study equivalent to that of a college preparatory 
school. It is situated Just outside the limits of 
this queer, world-renowned place, where people 
come during every month of the year, seeking 
that priceless boon, health, and where the chance 
traveller meets upon the streets every kind of 
equipage from the humblest ox -cart covered 
with canvas to the most luxurious Victoria and 
the smartest dog-cart and mail- phaeton. 

The site of the building is extremely fine, 
commanding a view of the amphitheatre of 
mountains, which makes the scenery of this 
section so famous. About a mile to the left is 
the far-famed " Kenil worth Inn; '* quite close at 
hand is ''Oakland Heighto Sanitarium;" and 
now that the leaves have gone from the trees, 
the mythical palace which Mr. George Yander- 
bilt is building is qui'e plainly visible on its 
eminence, six miles away. 

The exterior of the building is not attract- 
ive. It is a huge frame structure, painted 
in light shades, which gives an appearance of 
cheapness ; but once inside the large hall, one is 
dispossessed of this impression. Indeed, it has 
been called ** the best built house in Asheville," 
as the whole building was personally supervised 
by Mr. Pease, who affirms that there is not a poor 
piece of timber throughout. The corridors are 
broad and well lighted, and the rooms of the 
girls are large and cheerful. These rooms have 
been furnished by different church societies at 
the North. The furniture is the same in each — 
an iron bedstead, an oak dresser and washstand 
and two chairs. The linen, blankets and toilet 
articles, of course, vary, but are all neat and 
tasteful. The rooms of the teachers are, for the 
most part, provided for by individuals — that of 
the music teacher being the gift of Mrs. Russell 
Sage in memory of her mother. 

The visitor is eager, naturally, to see the girls 
who have changed their mountain cabins of one 
room for this warm, comfortable abiding place. 
One is invariably surprised, having noticed the 
stolid faces of the men as they march beside 
their ox-carts, which often contain less than one 
dollar's worth of produce ("some butter and a 
few eggs") with which they have often toiled 



46 



C hristianitaiion of the Chined. 



[JantUify^ 



twenty •r' thirty miles, to see that their chlidren 
GUI look bright and intelligent The fact is, 
most of them have never been properly housed 
or fed before, and the change of environment 
has a speedy effect on their appearance. In the 
schoolroom it is appalling to find a class of 
thirty members to whom ''Tennyson" is an 
unknown name, and " Westminster Abbey" — a 
graveyard. An answer given by one of this 
same class is rather interesting, the question 
being: '* What is the government of England ?" 
This was the reply: "The government of Eng- 
land is very moist and damp. " 

But these are unusual, and the mass of the 
pupils are tolerably well informed. There is, 
moreover, a decided pleasure in sowing seed in 
such untried soil and witnessing the gratitude 
with which the smallest criunb of information is 
received. Their names are queer and fantastic, 
"Buena," **Lettia," *'Chloris," "Arrie," 
*'Pantha," being among them. One real moun- 
tain girl was found one day using tobacco. The 
case was, of course, serious, and the ofTender 
was reprimanded most severely. Indeed, she 
was told that upon a second offence she would be 
sent home. The way in which the reproof was 
received was astonishing. She went immediately 
to her room and wrote to her parents that they 
might be quite easy about her, as she was mov- 
ing in " right good society." On receipt of this 
letter, her father, as she afterward confided to a 
teacher, "done danced in the middle of the floor, 
he was that glad." 

On Columbus Day the school gave a very 
pretty entertainment, singing "The Star-Span- 
gled Banner " and " America " with great enthu- 
siasm. A noticeable feature, however, was that 
the words of these, to us household anthems, 
were entirely unfamiliar to them. 

The course of study is thorough and compre- 
hensive. There are also classes in cooking, sew- 
ing, typewriting and stenography, which may 
be even more necessary to them than the learning 
acquire4 from books. They do the work of the 
home, each girl having an hour in the domestic 
department every day. This is necessary, as the 
whole price for tuition and board is but $100 for 
the school year. Small as this sum seems, it is a 
vast amount to many of the patrons; and a large 
number of the pupils are supported by scholar- 
ships. Their dress is, for the most part, plain, 
but neat. One girl, however, (a regular Crad- 
dock heroine, with red-gold hair and dreamy 
blue eyes), is so thinly clad these cold mornings 
that she must suffer. A visit to her home in the 
mountains reveals it to be a one-roomed cabin, 



used as a sitting-room, bed-room and dining- 
room for the family of four. They are, how- 
ever, among the more intelligent of the very 
poor, and the one room is scrupulously neat and 
clean. The pleasant school-building and thor- 
ough training attract many of the children of 
well-to-do parents in the various small towns 
and cities of the State, so that one cannot classify 
all the pupils under the same head. 

The institution is, on the whole, unique, and 
one which the Northern tourist should not fail 
to visit while sojourning, as health or fashion 
decrees, in the "Land of the Sky." 



[We hardly know whether to put the following 
under the head of Home Misssions, Foreign Mis- 
eions^ or Temperance, We risk it here. It is a 
good hit under either head. — Ed.] 

In his speech on the Chinese, in the recent 
Christian convention in San Francisco, the Rev. 
Ng Poon Chu made a decided and most favorable 
impression. A recent graduate of our theological 
seminary, and now the faithful pastor of the 
local Chinese church, he had some just claims 
to a sympathetic hearing, and these claims were 
greatly strengthened by his freedom and fire of 
utterance, several times rising to eloquence, as 
well as by his good sense, his good English, and 
his compact array of telling facts. But not aU 
this so completely captured the large and culti- 
vated audience— probably over a thousand, 
gathered from the best homes of San Francisco 
— as that one hit, delivered with much expres- 
siveness of tone but with perfectly sober counte- 
nance. Comparing the opium vice to which the 
Chinese are addicted with the alcoholic intem- 
perance prevalent among Americans, he con- 
fessed that there was one striking difference: 
"When the Chinese opium drunkard comes 
home he does not abuse his children and kick his 
wife; his wife kicks him." The swift and 
emphatic response of the congregation bespoke 
the prowess of wit. The man who has eyes to 
see a comical situation can always get a hearing 
to tell of it ; and even the weightiest matter or 
the most eloquent address seems to lack some- 
thing when the sense of humor is wholly wanting. 
But the lasting charm of brother Chu's speech 
lay in its weight, force, and timeliness, not in its 
effervescence. The Christianization of the 
Chinese was warmly and cogently urged as a 
duty, and the work exacted respect from the 
most reluctant in presence of the capital illustra- 
tion of its fruits seen in the speaker himself. — 
TheOeeid&nt. 



1893. ] 



Thanksgiving and Some Missions. 



i7 



THANKSGIVING AND HOME 
MISSIONS. 

RBV. J. 8. DIGKSOK. 

[ExtnctB, by permlukm, ftom his sermon on Thanks- 
giving Day.] 

God has given us the greatest, hope- 
fullest mission field of all the world. This 
is a land set apart for saving effort — first 
of all, foremost of all, a land of work for 
Christ 

This land was founded in the longing 
prayer of Christians; it was sealed by the 
blood of Christians; it is ruled now by the 
brains of Christians. English Christianity 
sought oat New England, East Pennsyl- 
vania, and Virginia; Dutch Christianity 
made New York and the Jerseys; Hugue- 
not Christianity settled the Carolinas, and 
Scotch-Irish Christianity pushed on to 
mountain strong-holds from Pennsylvania 
to Alabama, to give a Christian backing 
to it all. God blessed the men who came 
on consecrated errand, and here is their 
blood-bought land. He blesses us most 
highly in the way most suitable to our 
origin, by giving to us a special mission 
work, such as he has given to no other 

nation In view of the fact that we 

are Christians, called to evangelize a sinful 
world, it is God's greatest gift to us, that 
so much of our work is brought right to our 
doors and hands 

I bid yon rejoice that this is the land to 
which the tides of the World's emigration 
must roll. The teeming populations of 
Europe and Asia must come hither. I do 
not say that such a coming is a theme for 
light rejoicing. Castle Garden was not, 
and Bedlow's Island is not' an inspiring 
sight. It is a lesson to a trembling respon- 
sibility to see the untaught, unwashed 
throngs. But their own lands cannot 
keep them, and this land cannot keep 
them out. And shall not we thank God — 
we who by his Spirit have been made to 
love and look for souls — ^that our land is 
forced to be the Canaan for the Old World's 
pilgrimage? .... 

Wo have already all manner of popula- 
tions among ns who can receive the Gospel 
only from our hands. 

This land mast save and educate and 
uplift the miUionsof its Negroes, lest they 
be a menace to our way and that they may 
help in all the progress of our Christian 
liberty. 



This land must save the Indians — save 
their souls and bless their lives — the only 
possible way of paying its debt to them, 
and of averting Pine Bidge tragedies from 
itself. 

This land must save its Mormons 

There is only one sure way to meet and 
master the Mormon problem. It is by 
saving Mormon souls. 

This land must save its Mexicans — 
its heathen, wherever it may find them. 
The work is all its own. A Scandinavian 
church may send its one hundred and 
forty missionaries to Wisconsin, and sup- 
port them there, but the effort is a Chris- 
tian anomaly. The field of America's 
unevangelized inhabitants is its own — the 
greatest in variety and opportunity in all 
the world 

As a church, we have a theory of saving 
work that is complete. We look to the 
West, toward which most immigration 
fiows, and we say to one set of men, '^ It 
is too early yet for what we call Home Mis- 
sion work : Go you. Sabbath-school mis- 
sionaries, and clear a path for us. Go as 
pioneers, and leave Sabbath-schools, like 
blazed, path-marking trees, to show where 
the roads of wider church work must 
come." 

Then the Board of Home Missions steps 
in with men and women who shall preach 
and teach the Word to those who are 
gathering more thickly, and sends those 
who shall be pastors to these fiocks. 

Then we help them build houses where 
they may worship God, and schools where 
their children can learn that the way of 
true knowledge is the way of life — that the 
fear of the Lord isthe beginning of wisdom. 

This is a most blessed work, but we do 
too dreadfully little of it. The machinery 
is excellent — engines, shafts, gearing, all 
complete, but there is far too little 
steam 

This country — not little parts of it here 
and there, little white spots on the black- 
ness — this whole country must have the 
Gospel of Christ, for its own salvation. 
.... It has been as truly as terribly said 
that: ^^ The judgment day of nations is in 
this t^or/df, and their hell is anarchy." .... 

I appeal to even a higher and holier 
motive. Save this nation which God has 
dealt with as with no other, for Chrisfs 
sake. 



48 



Borne Mission Appointments. 



[Jantiajy, 



I went once to a concert of unuEuiil 
interest. It was fine throughout. The 
men followed their conductor, and played 
inspiringly. But by and by a new leader 
came upon the phitform. From the first 
motion of hie baton there was new life in 
all the playing. Every man seemed to 
gain a new inspiration. There was new 
force and exactness, and an unlooked for 



grandeur in the work, just because the 
composer was the leader, leading the music 
that bad burst from his own soul. Every 
man played his best because the glory was 

to coiue to the great leader 

Of this grand national antbem. In which 
we are honored with parts, lo! Christ is 
the composer and leader. Look we to 
Uim. Let the glory be His. 



HOME MISSION APPOINTMENTS. 



S. L. Hamilton, 4th of LoutorlUe, 

K. S, Flint, Ilndependeiice, 

A. Bcluter, Lalpalc, 

J. Houtbr, Boott ud Highland. 

A. B. Btnithe™, Haoorer, Oernjao. 

J. M. Elliot, gotb Street oC Chlcaso, 

H, H. VanTraokea. OntTalPaAoT Cbicago. 

H. W. Barbaugb. Braldwood. 

D. Tola, CtaloagOi lit German, 
O. a, HcDowaU. Chicago Laws. 
T. 8t«to<aon.KelUMbiirg. 

8. W.raaks, EarlrUle, 

W.H.IIrier.HacoD. 

I). Hawaii, ^jnodlcal HlaeioDar]'. 

E. JamiesoQ. BrlghUin 

J. V. N. Hartneaa,. Marine CTty. 1«, 

A fiord, FVaHT and North Buina. 

J. B. Etennrtt, Band Beach and Port Hope 

W. Parker, Evart, 

J. H. Davlpe.t). t)., Immanuelof Qnuid Rapldi, 

O. U. Carmlchael. Tustln, 

H. B. DuDBlng, East Jordan. iBt, 

L. R. SImpaon, Qiadatone, 

W. D. Thomas, Pb. D., Synodlcal Mlaslonanr. 

K. KnudaoD, Scandlnarlan Hlsslonarr In STnod. 

o \. Clark, Richland Centr- 



and Oreenleaf . 




F.Cami 



L, J. DATlea, Rofi.... 

W, r. Finch. BprlnK 

W. Hackar. Harrison auu Aioaioi 

0. a B. Duncan, Bosb City and Pin 

T. N. WeaTer, Lo Roy. Ist. 

F. U. Wood, Braodical Hlsslonair, 

V. J. HItchdC Steele, 



B C. Hltchell. Banboni, 



'. E. Caldwell. Luveme, 
_. B. W   ~' -  

L.' D. WelSrEdgai''ii!d'6n^' ' 
L. S. Boyce, Pastor at lATKe, 

A. T. Young, Ruskin and Oak, 
J. Hatch. Paator at Laige, 

a. Bailey, Broken Bow, 

B. Beall. Lincoln. Sd, 

W. K. Adams. Utlca, l>t, 

D.BrowD.D.n. Macon. 1 

J. B. Wctty. Pastor at Large, 

C. Uemmott. New Cambria, 8alem and Ungo, 
W. Weaver, tiraham, 

S. B. Fleming. D.D., Synodical Htnlonary. K 

B. H. Ollbert, Jlarmony. Perklos sod Wright HissloD 
ol Wlchits, 

E. J. Brown, Conway Springs and Feotooe, 
J. J. Cooke. Sedan. 

B. F. Smith. Jblllkan Uemorlal, Lone Elm and 

Eincald. 
J.M. Balcheldor. Oaborne, 

D. R. HIndman. PhillJpiburic, 

N. A. Rankfn. Choe.erand Manchester. 
J ' Uarek, CubaandHunden, Bohemian, 

H' C. Bradbury. Sylvan QroTe and Harmony, 

H'S-Chllda. OaklaDd, 

W* T. King. GuthHe. ( 

» V. Fait. Anadarko and Stations, 

C-. H. Miller. El Reno. 

W. 8. Wright. Pean>a1t and Clbolo. 

H. 8. Little. D.D., Synodlcal Hluionaiy, 

F. HcAFee, Lampasas. 1st, 

W. K. Marshal^ Waskom, Elyaian Field! and Sta- 

tlOES. 

L. F. Blckfon), Goldthwalte, Mllbum ind Stations, 

I, T. Whltemore. Florence. 

J. A. Henaul, SfDodical Mlsalonary, H 

Home Mission Com.. Mexican Mission Wort, 

J. J. OlIchriBt. Mora and SMtlons, 

J. M. Wbftlock, Taos and vicinity. 

8, W. Cunls. Las Tegas and vicinity, 

W. Williams. Rio Arriba. SanU F6 (MeHcan) mat 

vicinity. 
D. L. Ladner, Sal [da, 

A. a. r - " --■^- - 

a. W. Hartin. Uantl am 
O. B. Wilson. Nephia, 
J. P. Black. Msmpa. 



F. A.'awynne.'D.D , Synodlcal Hlssloc 
C. F. Waldecker. Bethany and BUUon 



i. Royd, Newbenr and Whtteeon, 



.J. S. McDonald. S 



Wash. 
Ong. 



m. P(^« Valley and StatlODS. 



W. J. Toong, tth of Des Holna*. 



W, E. Dodge, El Hontecito. 
J. D. Beard, Pleasant Vallc?, 
A. J. Compton, Oakdale and . 
H. D. A. Biaas, - - - - 



Bethel, of Woodbrtdge, 



PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK. 



TESTIMONY OF THE SYNOD OF ' 
WISCONSIN. 

The Synod of Wisconsin, within whose 
boands a large part of the work of this Board 
is performed, places on record the following 
nnsonght testimony as to the importance and 
efficiency of that work : 

The report of the Committee on Sabbath 
School Work was read and adopted, as follows: 

We cannot overestimate the importance of the 
interests entrusted to this Board. Through it 
the Church obeys the explicit command of t^e 
Saviour "Feed My Lambs." The world, the 
flesh and the devil are bidding high for the 
children . If they are to be saved to the Church, 
it will be through the gospel, that is the power 
of Gtod. During the last ecclesiastical year, 
22,052.605 publications have been sent out to 
bless and save the youth. Now while the 
Autumn leaves are falling, these leaves from the 
tree of life are falling into the hands and hearts 
of the children of the Church. 

This part of the Church's machinery has been 
overhauled, and put in the best possible condi- 
tion, and is now, if the wisdom of the whole 
Church is not at fault, in condition to render 
most efficient help to every department of Church 
work. 

The last General Assembly received a very 
encouraging report from the Sabbath School 
Missionary department of the Board's work. 
This Report is worthy your careful considera- 
tion. 

In Wisconsin we are face to face with facts 
that should not alarm or discourage us, but 
should arouse us to our very best united effort. 
The strangers within our gates constitute one 
third of our population. They, with their 
households, making perhaps one half of the in- 
habitants, are not in fullest sympathy with many 
things which we believe essential to the well- 
being of our Church and State. Bace antag- 
onisms are to be deprecated. Even race distinc- 
tions are to be broken down, when it can be 
done by the only unifying power that can break 
down the middle wall of partition, and bring all 
to the feet of Jesus Christ. This great problem 
is to be solved in Wisconsin. Can these diverse 



and even antagonistic elements be so American- 
ized and unified, that the interests of our coun- 
try and Church may be safely committed to their 
hands? As a Synod we must do our part and 
do it well. To do this we need all the help we 
can secure. We, with our implements of war, 
are ruled out of the common schools. The Sab- 
bath School furnishes us with a strategic point. 
Here we must mass our forces. We have in the 
State 592,755 children between the ages pf 
four and twenty years. Of this number 
850,342 are in the public schools. As yet the 
Presbyterian Church has gathered into the Sab- 
bath School but 14,688. The great burden of 
this work rests upon 1,666 officers and teachers. 

The following resolutions were adopted by 
the Synod : 

Resolve f: That the Board of Publication and 
Sabbath School Work has by its efficiency com- 
manded our confidence and ought to receive our 
earnest support. 

2d. That all our Sabbath Schools be advised 
to observe Children's Day, and with it to con- 
tribute liberally to the support of the Sabbath 
School Missionary Work. 



THE SABBATH SCHOOL AND MISSION 

WORK. 

Its Nature. — It is the union of thought, 
purpose, prayer ani effort of the Presbyterian 
Church in the work of saving the youth of 
our country. 

Objects. — 1. To plant and maintain a Sab- 
bath-school in every destitute locality in our 
land, and thus to win the vast multitude of 
yonth outside of all Sabbath-schools ; 2. To 
elevate and improve Presbyterian Sabbath- 
schools; 3. To provide weak and struggling 
Sabbath-schools with Bibles, hymn books, 
lesson-helps, papers, libraries, etc.; 4. To 
carry the gospel to scattered families in desti- 
tute communities. 

Methods.— 1 . Sending out living permanent 
Sabbath-school Missionaries; 2. Sending out 
theological students as summer Sabbath- 
school Missionaries; 8. House-to-house yisi- 

49 



50 



Seed for ^IvertusHng Cramers — Need of the Work. [January^ 



tation in pioneer settlements and needy 
localities; 4. Donations to needy mission 
schools of Bibles, hymn books, lesson helps, 
papers, libraries, etc. ; 5. Constant visitation 
,and careful nurture of newly organized Sab- 
bath-schools, to render them permanent and 
efficient. 

OvEBSiOHT. — 1. A Board of twelve minis- 
ters and twelve Eiders, appointed by the 
(General Assembly; 2. The Secretary of the 
Board, Rev. E. R. Craven, D. D.; 8. A 
Sabbath-school and Missionary Committee of 
nine, selected by the Board; 4. A standing 
Committee of each Presbytery in which the 
work is carried on; 5. The Superintendent 
of Sabbath-school and Missionary Work, 
Rev. James A. Worden, D. D. 

Results. — 1. Tn four years, from April 1, 
1888, to April 1, 1892, this work has organized 
4,614 Sabbath-schcols, with 171,590 members; 
or, for every day in the year it has produced 
over three Sabbath- schools; 2. About two- 
thirds of these schools have became perma- 
nent—that is, 8,076 schools with 114,326 
members; 8. Hundreds of churches already 
have grown from these mission schools; 4. 
A house-to-house visitation has been made 
of 235,024 families, mostly destitute of reli- 
gion; 5. It has given away 51,410,165 pages 
of tracts and periodicals, and in addition, 
7,667 volumes. 

Can ant other Missionary Work Show 
Better Results? 



SEED FOR EVERLASTING GARNERS. 

Mr. Ferguson, Sabbath-school missionary 
in Minnesota, thus writes: 

The unusually wet weather has seriously in- 
terfered with my work. The wagon roads in 
many places were impassable. In some of our 
towns, horses could not travel through the 
streets, owing to the depth of the mud. Many 
farmers have not more than half the amount of 
wheat sown that they had last year. While they 
have been, under such discouraging circum- 
stances, trying to seed their farms, I have 
endeavored to sow some of the incorruptible seed, 
and have succeeded in organizing and reorganiz- 
ing ten Sabbath -schools. 

HUNGRY FOR THE BREAD OF LIFE. 

In the little village of Norcross, where I held 



a service and organized a school, a lady came to 
me at the close of the meeting and said : '* I am 
so glad that you have visited us ; I have been 
here five years, and your sermon is the first I 
have heard. " In another place where I organized 
a school IdSt year, the peopid are anxious to 
secure regular preaching. One man wno resides 
on a small farm said that he would give $50 a 
year for that object. I will at once call the at- 
tention of the Synod leal Missionary to the needs 
and opportunities of that field. 



NEED O^ THE WORK. 

W. J. HATDON. 

Kind Friends : — I have been very busy dur- 
ing the last three months visiting Sabbath- 
schools, encouraging them much as possible; 
also organizing where there were none. I find 
the interest growing, and young and old be- 
coming more interested in the work. At one 
point where they had closed, I asked a man I 
met why they had closed the school. ^* Well 
mister, the fact is, the foreman was no 'count. 
He scouted around instead of coming to the 
Sunday-school, and when he did come, he 
jist sot around smoking a pipe. He ain't 
fitten to be boss.*^ I went to work and found 
a better man, and we put him in, and now 
they are going right on with good prospects 
of doing well. One of our great troubles in 
this region is to find suitable men and 
women for teachers and superintendents. 
Children, are in most cases, ready to go. 

In looking back over the past year's work 
— 1891 — I find that the Lord has enabled me 
to plant forty-eight Bible schools and gather 
into the same over 2,000 neglected youths 
that were growing up without religious in- 
struction, and to put to work over 200 
teachers and superintendents, etc., who are 
becoming workers for the Master. Souls have 
been led to Christ through these agencies. 
Bibles, tracts and Sabbath-school literature 
distributed ; many homes visited, and prayers 
held with the families. God has wonder- 
fully blessed my labors. 

At one school I organized, a man who was 
elected superintendent said to me, on visit- 
ing him at his home, '* Eight years ago, I 
was a whisky distiller, leading a wicked life, 
violating the €k>vernment laws and the 



189S.] 



Synods Am(mg Freedmen. 



61 



laws of God, by making and selling whitiky 
without a license, and drinking bard myself. 
Tbe Snnday-scbool was tbe means, in tbe 
bands of God, of leading me to try to be 
a better man, and I am now trying to serve 
my Saviour. A Sunday-school was organized 
in our midst to which my children went. 
One Sunday, in coming from the school, they 
passed by the prison where I was confined ; 
looked in at me; told me they had been 
to a Sunday-school; related some of the Sun- 



day-school lessons to me, and told me what 
they did. Mr. Haydon, that was too much 
for me. So soon as they left, I kneeled down and 
prayed the Lord — promising if ever I got 
out, I would serve Him. He converted n^e. 
Thank God for the Sunday-school, and may 
He bless you in your work." 

This man is now engaged in all good 
works, Sunday-schools, temperance and 
church work. This is one case out of others, 
similar, which I might name. 



FREEDMEN. 



TWO SYNODS AMONG THE FREEDMEN. 

BT REV. F. T. GIBSON. 
CATAWBA. 

The Synod convened Wednesday evening, 
Nov. 2, in the pretty little village of Con- 
cord, N. C. — ^a town well known to all Pres- 
byterians through the fame of Scotia Semi- 
nary. It was not my privilege to be present 
until Friday morning, but, from the breth- 
ren, I learned that Thursday had been a 
good day for Foreign Missions, for Home 
Missions, and for the Board of Publication, 
represented by Dr. Craven, Secretary. Fri- 
day morning found a very full representa- 
tion, both ministers and elders, from the 
130 churchee comprising the Synod. With 
four exceptions, the ministers and elders 
present were all colored, and they were as 
fine a looking body as one could wish to 
see. Looking into their thoughtful, intelli- 
gent, earnest Christian faces, listening to 
their able discussions of the various ques- 
tions that came up, I could not but be im- 
pressed by their clear discrimination of the 
eternal distinction between the right and the 
wrong — between the ought and the ought not, 
while I admired their dear, concise, cogent 
reasoning, their elegant diction and their 
manly eloquence. If the thought of color 
came into my mind, it was only by way of 
thinking bow insignificant a thing differ- 
ence of color really is, and wondering why 



it should ever seem to any one a barrier in 
the way of recognizing perfect Christian 
brotherhood. 

I hardly ever heard better discussions of 
important matters than I heard in this Synod. 
There are good strong men in it, men who, 
if true to themselves, will leave names that 
will be cherished after they have entered into 
rest. These men realize that they are living 
at a time when there is a crisis in the history 
of their race, and I believe they will be true 
to the great interests that God in his provi- 
dence has entrusted to them. 

SCOTIA SEMINARY. 

One of the matters that enlisted the inter- 
est and stirred up the enthusiasm of the 
Synod was a discussion concemiog Scotia 
Seminary, and resolutions heartily endorsing 
everything pertaining to the management of 
this institution were unanimously adopted. 
This Seminary is better equipped and doing 
a better work than at any time in its history. 

The Synod very appropriately devoted 
more than an hour to the discussion of reso- 
lutions in memory of Bev. B. H. Allen, 
D.D., the beloved Secretary, who had entered 
into his rest. With one accord the members 
testified their sincere affection for the great 
and good friend whose face they will see no 
more in this world, and, with pathetic ten- 
derness, they recounted his many virtues and 
kindly acts. He has in the work here a liv- 



52 



Synods Among Freedmen. 



[Jamtary^ 



ing monument infinitely more valuable than 
polished marble. 

On Friday evening a popular meeting of 
the Ladies^ Societies was held in Faith Hall 
and was addressed by Mrs. Coulter and 
others. Mrs. Coulter spoke of her experi- 
ence as a foreign missionary in China and 
was heard with much pleasure by a large 
audience including all the students in Scotia. 



ATLANTIC. 



While I wait for the train that is to carry 
me homeward, I would like to tell the readers 
of The Church at Home and Abroad some- 
thing about the Synod of Atlantic, in session 
at Macon, Ga., and about our work in gen- 
eral, as I have seen it since I left the Synod 
of Catawba. As I sit in this elegant hotel, 
the Kimball, and look out on the streets of 
this beautiful and prosperous city, I can 
hardly realize that twenty -eight years ago, a 
few miles out from this city, amid the smoke 
and din of battle, I was shot, and walked off 
the field of battle with a shattered arm, car- 
rying a sixty-nine calibre minie ball in my 
left shoulder. It seems now like a dream, 
but it was then a stern reality. I thank God 
that I am spared not only to see but to tell 
others of some of the blessings that have 
come from the mighty coitfiict that preserved 
our nation and proclaimed liberty to the slave. 
What I now see satisfies me that the sacrifice 
was not too great, and I believe that the 
future will multiply the evidence. 

Leaving the Synod of Catawba on Satur- 
day, the 5th, I spent the Sabbath in Char- 
lotte and at Biddle University. The Uni- 
versity has enrolled 215 students and will 
probably enroll about 260 this year. It is 
doing a great and good work — a greater 
and better work than at any time in its his- 
tory. The President and Professors are all 
at their posts of duty, and are giving very 
thorough instruction, while the students 
seem to me to compare favorably with the 
same number of young men in any of our 
colleges. They are studious, earnest, alert, 
and improving their opportunities. I heard 
recitations in Greek, in Algebra, and in 
some other studies, that were of a very 



high order. The cond tion of the Univer- 
sity, as seen from within, is voiy satisfacto- 
ry ; and I am glad to be able to say that, 
from the highest authority ir Charlotte — 
from those who opposed the changes made 
in the Faculty — I have the assurance that 
the institution never did a better work than 
it is doing now. 

Coming from Biddle to Brainerd^ at Ches- 
ter, S. C, I found Principal Marquis and 
his wife with the work fully organized and 
going forward prosperously, with upwards 
of sixty young women and young men in 
the boarding department. At Augusta, 
Ga., Miss Laney, with a competent corps of 
teachers and a very full school, is doing a 
good and great work for Christian education. 
The friends in Pittsburgh who have done so 
much for this work may rest assured that 
their money is accomplishing all they had 
hoped and more. 

The Synod of Atlantic convened at Macon, 
Ga. I could not but feel a righteous indig- 
nation, as I journeyed from Augusta to that 
place, when I saw the noble men who com- 
posed this Synod and had purchased first- 
class tickets, compelled to ride in the *^ Jim 
Crow" car, only because they were black 
men , while white men — good, bad and in- 
different — could choose their seats in any car 
on the train. 

The church in which the Synod met is 
neat and comfortable. The Synod comprises 
six Presbyteries, eighty-five ministers, 145 
churches and 0042 members. The expense 
of coming kept many members from being 
present, but there were about sixty in attend- • 
ance, and they conducted the business and 
entered into the discussions with intelligent 
zeal, and exhibited marked ability. 

The larger part of Friday was taken up 
to discussion of the report of the Standing 
Committee on Freedmen. The work was 
thoroughly and intelligently discussed by the 
members present, and I was much impressed 
by two things: first, the determination of 
this people to do all in their power to help 
themselves; and second, the great need of 
help from the Church Xorth through the 
Board of Missions for Freedmen. They 
greatly need houses of worship, and the 



1893.] 



Church Erection — How the Account Stands. 



53 



Board of Churcli Erection, with its very 
necessary limitations, cannot extend the help 
needed. Very few of these congregations 
can raise more than one-third of what is 
reaUy necessary; the Church Erection Board 
can only give one -third; and the result is, 
they cannot meet unless the Freedmen's 
Board, or some other friend, comes in to 
bring them together. If the Board of Mis- 
sions for Freedmen could have $50,000 next 
year for this particular work, we could secure 
good church buildings to at least a hundred 
needy congregations. If any one need seems 
greatest in this Synod, it is the need of neat 
comfortable churches. Probably the most 
encouraging feature of the work just at pres- 
ent is that which pertains to our boarding 
schools. They are doing a grand work and 
are laying a good foundation for better things 
in the future. 

It was not my privilege to be present after 
Friday and hear all the discussions, but I 
came away deeply impressed with the great 
opportunity Grod is giving oar Church and 



the great responsibility he lays upon us to 
help this people. They still have great 
needs. They have many things to contend 
against that we can hardly understand. It 
would not be an unaccountable thing if many 
of them should lose all faith and hope when 
they see how their sacred rights are trampled 
in the dust. I would not counsel them to 
put their trust in Northern friends. They 
need some better ground of confidence. 
They need 

" The instiDct that can tell 
That God is on the field 
When most invisible/^ 

They need to say with Faber : 

*' Right is right since God is God, 

And right the day must win; 
To doubt would be disloyalty, 

To falter would be sin.'^ 

But while they trust in God and wait for 
him to help them, should we not, as God's 
people, lend them the helping hand and be- 
come the instruments and channels through 
which God may work. 



CHURCH ERECTION. 



HOW THE ACCOUNT STANDS. 
On the first day of December, just two- 
thirds of the fiscal year of the Board, has 
elapsed. How does the account stand ? 
The work proposed has known no decrease, 
baton the contrary, a constant advance. 
Last year, at this time, there had been received 
one hundred and eighteen (118) applications 
for grants from the General Fund, aggregat- 
ing in amount, $65,207. This year the num- 
bers are one hundred and thirty-eight (188) 
and $78,741: an advance of nearly seven- 
teen per cent, in number, and of more than 
twenty per cent, in amount. During the 
same time there have been received ten 
applications for loans from the newly estab- 
lished Loan Fund, aggregating $98,700. 
With these demands, heavier than ever before, 
the contributions from the churches during 

tba lame eight mo^tba lm9 wxe^si&^ \melj 



$1,000 over those of the corresponding months 
last year. 

What must be the necessary consequence? 
Already the Board has appropriated $20,000 
more than it has in its treasury, and as it 
must not close the year in debt, it must hence- 
forth make all its appropriations conditional 
upon the receipt of funds. 

Brethren, beloved — Remember that it is 
only those whose duty it is to hear from all 
quarters of the church, who sit, as it were, in 
the central oflSce of the telephone, listening in 
turn to the voices of their brethren at all 
points upon the vast circuit, who can fully 
realize how many are asking for help to save 
their work from disaster. The voices are 
modulated in many tones, often that of youth* 
ful enthusiasm and confidence — often that of 
quiet, persistent patience, that tells of long 

^x|>erienc^-<-somet4m99 of wearmegg ^^ dis- 



54 



A 2 hought Worth Fandering. 



{Jaavaryy 



oouragement pathetic ia its minor strain — 
but all are the Toices of brothers — onr 
brethren who have gone out into the fore 
front, trusting in the willingness of their 
brethren at home to supply each one his pro- 
portion of the help needed. 

Shall these forces be called back? Shall 
these new fields be give up? No! is the 
unanimous reply of the pastors of our church. 
Yet of what avail this answer, if it is but an 
empty voice? 

Brethren, ye who are pastors of the more 
than half of our congregations, who last year 
gave nothing to this Board: Is its work 
worth doing? Are our mission churches 
worth saving? Then send us the share of 
help that your churches ought to furnish. 
It may be in any individual case small, but 
the aggregate will turn defeat into victory. 



A THOUGHT WORTH PONDERING. 

Are churches, presbyteries and synods 
growing selfish in their Church Erection work? 

There is some danger certainly that uncon- 
sciously they may verge towards this. It is 
well known that in the ordinary affairs of 
life there is a tendency to afSrm that *^ busi- 
ness is business,*' and not to carry into its 
conduct the same generosity that is admired 
in other social relations. The work of Church 
Erection deals so largely with material things, 
that this Board has sometimes been called 
distinctively a *^ business Board,'' and it 
would not therefore be strange if in consid- 
ering the disposition of funds to be given for 
church building, churches and presbyteries 
should allow the thought of home needs to 
close their eyes to a generous consideration 
of the appealing attitude in this regard of 
our great needy western mission field. In 
short is there not danger that churches 
and presbyteries may become so engaged 
in home work that they will forget that 
they are part of a large organization which 
has assumed responsibilities for extending the 
Master's work in new regions and that these 
responsibilities cannot possibly be met unless 
all of the constituent parts of the one great 
body do their share. The whoh body must 
thrive or no single member of the body can 
long remain ia health and strength. A very 



wise and experienced missionary once said: 
^* And the eye cannot say unto the hand, I 
have no need of thee; nor again the head to 
the feet, I have no need of you. Nay, much 
more those members of the body which seem 
to be more feeble, are necessary." 

These thoughts have been suggested by 
reading the excellent report upon Church 
Erection adopted by the Synod of Illinois at 
its late meeting. We give extracts from it 
because they set forth facts in a telling way, 
and because they point to the great danger 
indicated above, viz : that churches and 
presbyteries and synods will become so 
absorbed in the manifest needs of church 
extension within their own bounds, that 
they will forget the claims of the great 
mission work of the church. Is there not 
ground for asking the question with which 
this article opens, when some of the largest 
and wealthiest synods in the church still ask 
the Board to give them more than they 
pay into its treasury? Surely they have not 
realized the fact or they would refuse to have it 
so. This is what is so well said by the Synod 
of Illinois and we would that its earnest words 
could be heard by every other synod of this 
church. We quote: 

^^The Synod of Illinois sends to the Board 
only a little more than sixteen per cent, of 
the money which it gives to this cause. It is 
clearly the right of each Presbytery to do the 
work within its own bounds as it may think 
best; but the strong, wealthy synods ought 
to help the weak, they ought to put more 
money into the treasuries of the B<>ards than 
they draw out of them. 

The Synod of Illinois put into the treasury 
of the Board last year only $760 more than it 
drew out of it. This is but little more than 
one cent per member of its whole number of 
communicants. Out of the 488 churches 
within the bounds of our synod, 288 churches 
gave nothing last year to this Board. Nearly 
one-half of our churches did not even try to 
assist their brethern in destitute places in 
their struggle to erect houses to worship God 
in, houses without which church services 
can not be maintained, and church life can 
not be sustained. This shows a carelessness on 
the part of a large number of our ministers 
and elders which is amazing, which is very 
culpable. And the ministers must take a 
large share of this blame. Had they desired 
it, ooUectioQS would have been taken and 



1893.] Indian Church at Lmg HoUow^ S. D. — From Findlay^ Ohio. 



55 



something would have been given to this 
cause. 

Or if wecomxMtre the work of our synod with 
that of the other great synods of the church, 
the Synod of Illinois is the fifth synod in our 
cbarch both in membership and the amount 
given for home expenses. The Synod of 
Pennsylvania is first in membership and 
second in congregational receipts. It has a lit- 
tle more than three times the membership of 
the Synod of Illinois, and its congregational 
receipts are not quite three times as large. It 
pat into the treasury of this Board last year, 
nearly $8,000 more than it drew out of it. 
The Sjmod of New York is second in the num- 
ber of its members and first in its congrega- 
tional receipts. Its membership is three times 
that of our synod, and its congregational re- 
ceipts last year were a little more than three 
times as large as ours. It put into the treasury 
of the Board $16,000 more than it drew out 
of it. The Synod of Ohio ranks third in 
membership in our church and fourth in its 
congregational receipts. It drew more out 
of the treasury of this Board last year than 
it put into it. The Synod of New Jersey is 
fourth in our church in membership and third 
in congregational receipts. It put more than 
16,500 into the treasury of this Board last 
year and took nothing out of it. 

In view of these facts, your committee 
would recommend that synod adopt the fol- 
lowing resolutions : 

Resolved, That our synod is not doing its 
part of this great and much needed work. 

Resfihed. That our presbyteries be in- 
structed to see that every church within its 
bounds makes some contributions yearly to 
this Board. 

Resolved. That we ask our churches to en- 
large their contributions to this Board so that 
the amount of money which we put into the 
treasury may more largely counterbalance 
that which we draw out of it. 

To their stirring words we might add others 
equal!/ stirring though addressed not to 
wealthy synods, but to the members of a 
weak presbytery in the new state of Colorado 
showing that the presbyteries that have been 
most greatly aided appreciate what the Board 
has done and are awakening to the conviction 
that weak as they are, having freely received, 
they should freely give. We quote from the 
circular letter of the committee of the pres- 
bytery of Boulder. 

Beoeipts of the Board were one hundred and 
twenty- six thousand dollars. The churches 
in the Presbytery of Boulder contributed only 
sixty-nine dollars, therefore we have no rea- 



son to feel very proud of our part of the 
contributions to this great work. Especially 
is this true, since every church in the Boulder 
Presbytery that owns a house of worship has 
been liberally helped by Uiis Board to obtain 
the same. 

Brethren, let us be honest in this matter, 
plead guilty, and do better in the future. 
Hundreds of homeless churches are struggling 
for life because they are homeless. Remem- 
ber that every church organization without a 
church building is like a family without a 
home, no certain abiding place. 

What will you give to this Board ? Do not 
try to put the Lord's cause aside by contribu- 
ting one cent or one dime, when you can give 
one dollar. 

INDIAN CHURCH AT LONG HOLLOW, 
SOUTH DAKOTA. 
This little church applied to the Board for 
$500, but the rules of the Assembly did not per- 
mit the grant to be more than $480. This as will 
be seen from the following letter from the mis- 
sionaiy in charge, the Rev. M. N. Adams, was a 
great disappointment. This was one of the 
cases where a special fund would have been of 
great service, but alas I the special fund is 
exhausted. 

We are all very sorry, to find that, you did not 
succeed in securing the full amount of the |500 grant 
requested to help that poor native Dakota church 
in their good work of building an house for Qtod. 
Already that people had done nobly, aod strained 
every nerve and gathered up all the help among 
themselves that seemed possible, and so stated in 
their application to the Board. • 

Since writing the above it has occurred to me that 
you may have funds contributed to meet special 
cases such as that of the Long Hollow Church where 
five hundred dollars aid was contemplated and 
named in the application made, but the rules of your 
Board will not allow that amount to be granted, 
and, yet, in the circumstances the full amount 
named would be the right thing to do and grant in 
honor of Christ the Master. 

I hope you may be able to supplement the four 
hundred and thirty dollars with the seventy dollars 
from some such available funds. 



FROM FINDLAY, OHIO. 
Dear Sir and Brethren: Tour kind letter contain- 
ing draft for One Thousand Dollars less Ten Dollar, 
for Insurance, was gratefully received by the Trus- 
tees and Congregation. The building (church) will 
be completed next week and dedicated free of debt 
probably latter part of August. We are holding our 
religious servi w v^ ^^ pew Sabbatb-S^bool room 



56 



Indian Reservations^ New York Slate. — Education. 



[JaniLarr/j 



and already the attendance haa improved. Our 
Sabbath-School had an attendance of aeventy-five 
yesterday— the largest in its history. I suppose the 
Sabbath-School now has a membership of not less 
than ninety. Our church membership now nhmbers 
fifty-six. But our roll will be still further enlarged 
by next month, when we enter into full possession of 
our new church. In the name of the congregation 
and myself f accept our thanks for your kind help in 
our behalf. I have acknowledged receipt of draft 
to the Trustees of the Board of Education. May 
the Lord bless the good work of the Board. 



FROM INDIAN RESERVATIONS, 
NEW YORK STATE. 

I send you the papers in the Onoville Church 
matter. They have been delayea because the 



Indians thought that some kind of a trap was being 
set for them in our asking from them the mortgage, 
but when they understood it fully, they had tiie 
papers made gut. 

I see that our Tuscarora people are pushing their 
church work, and they will need some of the appro- 
priation of $400 next Spring. 

Have just returned, with my wife, from the Com- 
planter^s Reservation, where, for the week past, we 
have been holding meetings. We left our five 
children at home, one of them only two years old, 
and our only boy sick, and trusting in Him who is 
able to keep our loved ones, we w«:nt to the work, 
and now are rejoicing over the gracious blessing 
which has come to our Complanter Indians. We 
never saw a more blessed work than that of the last 
week. We know that our white friends are praying 
for us. 



EDUCATION. 



Our attention has been called to an article 
in the Presbyterian Quarterly, the organ of 
the Southern Presbyterian Church, entitled 
** Beneficiary Education — Its Present Unsat- 
isfactory Status.'' The writer is one who 
professes ^^ belief in the system as inaugurat- 
ed and carried on by the Assembly (South- 
ern) and considers this as one of the noblest 
causes to which the Church is permitted to 
give her money." His criticism bears upon 
the heedless administration of the system by 
the Presbyteries, in that very many are re- 
ceiving aid who do not absolutely need it. 
This fact he considers a great cause of the 
disrepute into which beneficiary education is 
rapidly falliog in the minds of many excel- 
lent people. As an indication of mismanage- 
ment he afiirms that at least five-sixths of all 
the candidates studying for the ministry in 
the Southern body are receiving aid either 
through the Assembly's committee or from 
individual congregations. This proportion 
he considers excessive, when compared with 
that of those who are educating themselves 
for other professions through a course of 
study fully as expensive, at least in one in- 
stance, as the theological. The writer be- 
lieves also that appropriations should not be 
uniform, but graded according to the needs 
of the students. The case thus pre- 
39Qted i9 ^ startlip^ one, a^d pn^ remedy 



proposed is that every candidate applying for 
aid shall furnish a certificate from his session 
that he absolutely needs it. 

Now, leet it should be inferred by readers 
of that article that the same criticism is ap- 
plicable to the management of beneficiary 
education in our body, we improve the oppor- 
tunity to state a few facts in regard to our 
method, which may be helpful to our South- 
ern brethren and may remove all suspicion 
that a like state of things exists among us. 

In the first place, no candidate is received 
by our Board unless his application is spec- 
ially authorized by the session of the church 
to which he belongs. He must also be 
examined and recommended by his Pres- 
bytery as both worthy and needy. Nor does 
any candidate receive his quarterly ap- 
propriation except upon the approval of his 
Professors as to character, scholarship and 
economy. Any indication of defect in either 
of these particulars, as sometimes appears in 
the Professor's report, is carefully inquired 
into and subjects the person either to a kindly 
reprimand or to the loss of his money. That 
there may be a laxity on the part of the au- 
thorities upon whom the responsibility of de- 
termining the need is thrown, or in the conduct 
of candidates, is not questioned, and we take 
this opportunity of emphasizing the import- 
ance of Q^v^ wid strictness in these particular^ 



1898.] 



Interesting Letters. 



57 



by all the parties concerned. Let them re- 
member that there is no snrer way of stifling 
the liberality of the chnrches than that of 
wasting their contributions npon unworthy 
persons or objects. In evidence of this we 
could produce some instructive facts. 

Xor again is the proportion of candidates 
aided by the Board in our institutions as 
great as that indicated in the above mention- 
ed article. Taking into account our five 
largest Seminaries, as represented in their 
catalogues during the past year, we find in 
Princeton out of one hundred and sixty- eight 
students only seventy-six were under care of 
the Board, less than one-half of the number. 
In Union, out of one hundred and forty-nine 
only fifty were on our books, about one- third. 
In Auburn, out of fifty-three we cared for 
only fourteen, about one-fourth the number. 
In Western, out of eighty- three, forty- three 
were aided, a little over one-half. In Mc- 
Cormick, as might be expected, out of one 
hundred and eighty-four students, a larger 
proportion, one hundred and twenty-eight, 
not far from four-fifths, were helped. The 
average proportion, it will be seen, is far less 
than the five- sixths mentioned in the article 
above referred to, being not quite one-half. 
Of course, allowance must be made for the 
fact that some of the candidates not under 
care of the Board are aided by Seminary 
scholarships, and some few in our Seminaries 
belong to other denominations. Among our 
colored students, and among the (Germans, the 
proportion is necessarily much larger. 

There is also another difference to be 
marked . The amounts of scholarships granted 
to our candidates are not strictly uniform. 
The Assembly's rules require that a Pres- 
bytery in recommending a candidate shall 
apply for the *^ smallest amount required 
to meet hia really necessary expenses." 
The intention of our method is to 
secure the strictest economy practicable 
in the disbursement of funds. We do not 
propose to develop a ^^ mendicant min- 
istry,*' nor yet to indulge the cultivation of 
habits of expenditure that shall unfit our 
candidates for service in the hardest fields. 
That our policy is thwarted in some instances 
we Imye no doubt, imd the injurjr aocruiog; i^ 



very great. We therefore put it upon the 
consciences of all our students to refrain from 
all needless self-indulgences in the interest of 
the general cause. All alike should feel re- 
sponsible for maintaining the reputation of 
the Board that aids them, and for giving a 
good account of the sacred funds granted to 
them for the holiest of purposes. 



INTERESTING LETTERS. 

One comes from the pastor of a (German 
church of one hundred and eight members. 
^^ Please find enclosed sixty dollars for your 
Board. It seems to me my people appreciate 
the benefit which their pastor, and so indi- 
rectly, they themselves have derived from 
the Board. May the Great Head of our 
Church bless the above sum. 

With love," 

Another letter recently received has the 
following in reference to a student recom- 
mended to the Board : * ^ He is a most worthy 
young man, is making fine progress with his 
studies, and is helping himself by sawing 
wood. I do hope that you can put him on 
the same footing with the other three boys 
and grant him eighty dollars this year. He 
has been counting on this aid, and will be 
greatly disappointed not to receive it." 

^* I wish the people of our churches could 
come more into touch with these self-denying, 
consecrated young men, who are blessed with 
everything but money. It seems to me that 
it would tend to open both their hearts and 
their purses. — College is now honored with 
five candidates for the ministry, and they 
all bid fair to make useful men in the work. 
Now, dear brother, having with a heartfelt 
sympathy written you in his behalf, I trust 
that your Board may see its way clear to 
gladden his heart and strengthen his hands 
with the aid that he has been hoping for." 



How beautiful upon the mountains are 
the feet of him thatbringeth good tidings, 
that publisheth peace, that bringeth good 
tidings of good, tb^t publisheth ealYf^ 
tion! 



53 



A Priest* s Pity for His Protestant Friends. 



[January^ 



(JTli*cenattu* 



A PRIEST'S PITY FOR HIS PROTES- 
TANT FRIENDS. 

A missionary lady, passing the summer 
in a mountain village was called upon by an 
old priest who had become very friendly to 
her and her husband. He seemed very 
sad, and when she inquired for the cause 
of his trouble, he replied : 

'^0, my daughter, my soul is sad, sad 
unto death, for your sakes. Can it be. 
Oh ! can it be that our Khowadja (her 
husband) will be lost? He is so good and 
kind, and is the servant of God ; but yet 
in all my life — ^and I am two and seventy 
years old now — I never heard of his doc- 
trines. Woe! woe! will he perish? I love 
him, I love him very much." 

The lady tried to comfort him. She 
read and quoted passages of scripture to 
him, ending with, *' Believe on the Lord 
Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved," 
and asked him if he believed that. 

" 0, yes, that is the word of God,'' he 
replied, and she said, '* My husband does 
believe on the Lord Jesus, and he tries to 
live as he wishes; and God's word is 
sure. 



99 



The tears rolled down his cheeks as he 
talked, and he went oS. saying, ' ' I will pray 
to the virgin for you both every day, that 
she may not be angry at your neglect of 
her, for I believe you are good people." 

^' His sorrow was so genuine," says the 
lady, ''I felt condemned, I had shed no 
tears over his mistaken religion. . . . 
He and his son both have asked me for 
the reason of the faith that is in me, and 
they hear with interest the verses and 
passages bearing on the worship of God 
only. So we feel that we have been able 
to present the truth. We avoid all dis- 
cussions, as far as possible, and hope it 
will do good." 

If that lady had not *^ shed tears " for that 
neighbor, she had left home and native land, 
and devoted her life to the self-denying work 
of enlightening and saving the people of 
whom he is one. But her self-reproachful 
suggestion deserves to be pondered by us all. 
Are we not too apt to pray against such 
teachers of error, rather than to pray /or 



themf We are unjust, if we comnt them all 
conscious and willful deceivers. They are 
blind leaders of the blind, themselves mis- 
led by their blind leaders, from their very 
birth. They can only be reached and helped 
and won by such considerate, affectionate 
love as that lady missionary and her husband 
have felt and shown. Is there a more fit or 
more interesting subject of prayer than that 
kind priest, who has promised so tenderly, 
and no doubt so sincerely, to pray for our 
missionary brother and sister 9 Shall we not 
also pray for them, that they may have 
grace to persist in their faithful kindness, 
and be enabled to lead their friend into the 
true light, in which he will see that not the 
blessed Virgin, but her incarnate Son is the 
one effectual intercessor for us 9 



The Parskeb. — Rev. George W. Park of 
Bombay writes in the Gospel in AU Lands that 
the Parsees are as a people very far from being 
ready to accept Christ. They are a very bigoted 
race, and the few who have turned OhristianB 
have been persecuted almost past belief. It is 
quite true that they are advanced in civilization, 
education, and branches of commerce; but I 
have noticed that the more a heathen native of 
India becomes advanced in these things, the far- 
ther he as a rule gets from Christ, and the harder 
it is to convert him. With hardly an exception, 
all the grog shops in Bombay are run by Parsee 
landlords, and the property of the worst street 
in Bombay — a street that is wholly inhabited by 
Europeiln prostitutes — is owned and rented to 
these people by Parsees, and these enlightened 
and of good social standing. The great mass of 
the Parsees know very little about their religion. 
They have a number of Zend prayers printed in 
the Gujerati character, and these they mumble 
over as fast as they can move their lips and with- 
out understanding a word; as the Zend, their 
sacred language is understood by very few if any 
at all. At the end of these prayers is a short one 
in the Gujerati language, which they understand ; 
and its purport is that they hope God will bless 
them with a long life, give them riches, give 
them rich ^ns-in-law, ai^d a lot more to the 



1893.] 



Abyssinia. 



59 



same effect. Thanking God for His wonderful 
mercies never enters their heads. There have 
been a number of conversions from the Parsees, 
men who have stood firm and are to-day in the 
Christian ministry. There is a Parsee Gujerati 
translation of the New Testament. The Parsees 
have the same opportunity of hearing the gospel 
that any other nationality have in Bombay. 



Abtbsinia is the one and only country of 
Africa bearing the name of Christian . Christ- 
ianity became the established religion in 
A. D. 815; but the Christianity of to-day is 
only a faint reflection of the religion of Jesus 
Christ. The presence of Jews in the country 
has had a great influence upon the professed 
Christianity, as seen in the practice of cir- 
cumcision, fastings, ablutions, the observance 
of the Mosaic distinction between clean and 
unclean animals, and of the Jewish Sabbath 
as well as the Lord's Day. The Jews of 
Abyssinia number about 200,000. They go 
by the name of * ' Palashas, " that is, * ' exiles, " 
or ''emigrants, "which name indicates that 
they were not original natives of Abyssinia, 
but migrated from Palestine, or some other 
land. An authoritative account of their ori- 
gin is impossible, as it is lost in obscurity. 

The story of the Mission in Abyssinia of the 
Society of Promoting Christianity among the 
Jews is one of thrilling interest. In 1869 
Dr. Stern became the pioneer in the work of 
evangelizing the Falashas. He found them 
ignorant of the Old Testament, but anxious 
to hear and possess the Word of Qod . In two 
or three years a Mission was established, Dr. 
Stem being aided by J. .M. Plad and others. 
In 1868 the work was stopped, and the mission- 
aries thrown into prison, from which they were 
not released until Lord Napier had fought and 
won the battle of Magdala in 1868. Since 
that time no European missionary has been 
permitted to work among the Falashas. But 
the cause has not declined. Native converts 
have faithfully and devotedly carried on the 
work under superintendence of J. M. Flad, 
who has cared for and planned the work from 
his home in Komthal. 

There are now in Abyssinia some hundreds 
of Fahi9h4 Jews who are believers in the Lord 



Jesus Christ. But during the last few years 
missionaries and converts have passed through 
troublous times in consequence of the Der- 
vish invasion from the Soudan. These Der- 
vishes, followers of the Mahdi, overran West- 
em Abyssinia, became masters of the country, 
burned towns, villages and churches, and 
made captives of all who could not flee. All 
who refused to become Mohammedans were 
killed, and others sold into slavery. Some 
native Christians managed to run away from 
their owners and found their way back to 
Abyssinia. One of these, who had been sold 
to a Mohammedan at G^edaref , came back in 
this way and related the story of the martyr- 
dom of a Falasha family, converts of the 
Society. They were overtaken by the Mah- 
dists, and told that they might save their 
lives if they would become Mohammedans 
and say: ^*- Allah ilahu ill Allah wa Moham- 
med e tasul Allah ^^ — the Mohammedan creed. 
They refused. *' Never will we deny Him 
who died for us on the cross. We are born 
Falashas, but have been converted to Christ. 
He is our Saviour, and not Mohammed.*' 
The five children were then cut in pieces be- 
fore the eyes of their parents. The father 
encouraged and cheered them, saying: ^^ Oh 
it is only a short suffering, and you will get 
the crown of everlasting life." After the 
children had thus been foully massacred, the 
trembling mother was told: **Now save 
your life by denying Christ." "Never," 
was her reply, from a sobbing, broken heart. 
** I love him: I do not fear death." Her 
husband had then to witness how she was 
most cruelly butchered before him. Then 
his own time was come. *'Now, old dog, 
save your life and become a Mohammedan. 
We will make you a rich man, and give you 
all you wish." ''No," said he, ''You may 
torture me, you may cut me in pieces; I will 
not deny Him who has died for me." After 
which he, too, was killed in the same cruel 
way in which his poor wife and children had 
been done to death. — Jewish Intelligence^ 
Sept., 1892. 

I saw under the altar the souls of them that 
were slain for the Word of God, and for the 
testimony which they held. — Rev, vi; 9, 



60 



Thoughts on the Sabbath-school Lessons. 



{January, 



Wessons. 



Jan. 1. — Returning from the Captivity. — Ezra, 
i : I— 11. 

In the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, which re- 
cord the most important events connected with 
the restoration of the Hebrew commonwealth, 
we have unfolded to our view a new era in the 
history of the Theocracy. The contrast between 
the relation of the Israelitish people to the 
heathen world in the da^s of Joshua, and of 
Ezra and Nehemiah is as great as possible. 
Under Joshua the people marched, sword in 
hand, as invincible conquerors, to the possession 
of the promised land, while the hearts of their 
enemies mel ted before them. After the capti vi ty 
they returned in weakness and fear, by the per- 
mission of their heathen rulers and under their 
patronage and protection. But in the latter case, 
not less than in the former, the Theocracy was 
steadily advancing under Qod's guidance toward 
the accomplishment of its high end, which was 
the preparation of the Jewish people, and 
through them the world, for the advent of the 

Sromised Messiah. In the beginning of the 
[osaic economy, and during the earlier part of 
its course, it was altogether appropriate that 
God should make stupendous supernatural man- 
ifestations of his supreme power over the nations 
of the world. But as the history of the cove- 
nant people went forward, there was a gradual 
return to the ordinary providential administra- 
tion of the divine government. God's miracu- 
lous interventions were never made for mere dis- 
plav. They always had in view a high religious 
end. As that end approached its accomplish- 
ment, they were more and more withdrawn, and 
soon after the captivity they ceased altogether 
until the final and perfect manifestation of God 
in Christ. E. P. Bakrows. 

Jan. S. ^Rebuilding ths Temple.— ^zn, iii : 
1—13. 

There are few human experiences in which joy 
and sorrow are not mingled. ' Our satisfaction 
with what is, is often shadowed by the remem- 
brance of what iffoa or what might have been. 
Well is it for us, if the shadows are not cast by 
our own sins or mistakes. But if they are, we 
cannot do better than, with loving confidence in 
the promises of perfect forgiveness, to follow the 
apostle's example and " forgetting those things 
that are behind and reaching forth unto those 
which are before, press toward the mark." 

Jan. 15. — Encouraging the People. — Hag. ii: 1 
—9. 

These old Testament promises to the Old Test- 
ament workers going forth to build the Lord's 
house, sound wonderfully like the New Testa^ 
ment message to those to whom the building of 
a spiritual temple was entrusted under the new 
covenant. Can you trace the parallel ? ** Work; 
for I am with you ; " *' Gk) ye, and teach all na- 
tions .... and, lo, I am with you alway." 
** My spirit remaineth among you ;'^ ** He shall 

fiye you aaotil^er ppmforter, that be may abi4e 



with you forever. " " Fear ye not ; " " Let not 
your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid." 
" The desire of all nations shall come ,*" ''I will 
come again. " ' ' The silver is mine, and the gold 
is mine ;" " All power is given unto me." ** In 
this place will I give peace;" "Peace I leave 
with you." 

Jan. 22. — Joshua the HighPriest, -^Zech. iii : 1 
—10. "We have a great High Priest, that is 
passed into the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God." 

To the devout and conscientious Jew, there 
can have been no more solemn time in the year 
than that great day when the gathered congrega- 
tion stood without the TalKemacle while the 
High Priest entered into the Most Holy Place 
with the blood of atonement. Sin never seems 
so black as when contrasted with perfect purity 
and holiness ; and there must have been souls in 
that Jewish assembly conscious of sin-st^uns, 
burdened with the weight of short-comings, 
who would realize, as never before, how sin 
must look in the sight of a Holy God. To such 
souls the ceremonies of the day, rifhtly interpre- 
ted and truthf uly accepted, would bring a blessed 
sense of relief, sin stains washed away in the 
sprinkled blood, sin-burdens borne faraway into 
the wilderness, to be remembered no more. So, 
to the Christian of to-day, the remembrance of 
the perfect holiness of the one who has " passed 
into the heavens," deepens the sorrow with 
which he remembers his imperfect service, his 
frequent falls and failures, while the added 
thought, "he ever liveth to make intercession 
for us," brings relief . 

Jan. 29.— The Spirit of the Lord, Zach. iv : 1— 
10. " Not by might, nor by power, but by my 
Spirit." 

How many of the Lord's workers, standing in 
conscious weakness before mountains of difficulty, 
have found comfort in this message to Zerub- 
babel How many have found courage for 
undertakings that seemed well-nigh impossible 
in Paul's words, "I can do all thinf^s through 
Christ which strengtheneth me." How many 
have looked back upon their " abundant labors " 
with the thankful acknowledgement, " Not I, 
but the grace of God which was with me." 
Many, since the days of Zerubabel and of Paul, 
have anxiously asked the question, '* Who is 
sufficient for these things ? " and have rested 
in the answers that followed it so closely on 
the pages of their Bible : "Not that we are 
sufficient of ourselves to think anything as of 
ourselves ; but our sufficiency is of God. " * 'God 
is able t> make all grace abound toward you ; 
that ye always, having all sufficiency in all things, 
may abound to every good work. " * *My grace is 
sufficient for thee : for my strength is made per- 
fect in weakness." 



To live sweetly, patiently, gently, camly amid 
all the irritating and aggravating things, is the 
problem of life.— J. R, MiUer, 



The happiest persons in the world are not 
those who have the mosf^done far then^^ but 
tho^e who do the most for ol;her9< 



1898.] 



Alexander M. Mackay. 



I tun sure that every one of yoa, when joa 
look on this plctute, will think that Alexan- 
der Uackay was a handsome man. 

The pictnre is taken, b;^ permiasion, from a 
book entitled The Slorj/ of Uganda, written 
bj Sarah Q. Stock and published bj the 
Fleming H. Rerell Company of New York 
and Chicago. 

There is an old proverb, "Handsome is 
that handsome does; " and certainly the face 



of Uitckay, as shown in the picture, is not 
more baautifal than it onght to be to rep- 
resent the beanty of his character as shown 
by the true story of his life. Thaf story is 
also told for boys by his sister, in a book 
of which there is a notice in our December 
number, page 488. 

Any boy or girl who will write to me before 
the end of March, and tell me what ;ou have 
learned of Uackay of Uganda from these 
books or any others, or by talking with older 
people, may expect to receive a copy of his 
picture on a sheet by itself. 

H. A. N. 



I 



62 



A Wooden Savior — Grandmother Desiroytown. 



[Janvaryy 



A WOODEN SAVIOR. 

REV. J. Q. TOUZEAU. 

On a MissioDary journey, the first after- 
noon ont, found me traveling along the bed 
of a stream with a ceiling of trees overhead. 
Coming to an open space, we saw a honse on 
the bank of the stream. In front of the 
honse was a man working on a life-sized hu- 
man figure. I ffccosted the workman and 
asked what figure he had there . He answered, 
^* A Christ." I then asked what was the 
material, and was told it was wood, and that 
it was obtained in the neighborhood. Im- 
agine that man going out to the woods, 
selecting a suitable tree, ordering it cut, the 
branches trimmed off, and then branches and 
trunk taken to the house together. There 
the trunk was carefully put in a place to 
season, and the branches were thrown into a 
heap to be used as fuel. In due time, one 
would be used for cooking the family meals, 
and the other would gradually take the human 
shape, to represent Jebus, Peter, or Mary. 
When finished, it would be taken to some 
church and set up above an altar. Before 
leaving, the workman would very likely bow 
down to his own workmanship ; certainly, 
he would take his family to see the image, 
and they would bow and offer prayer befoie 
what, so short a time ago, was brought into 
their home from the woods, a trunk of a tree, 
scraps and shavings of which had been 
gathered up to light the fire. Inside the shop 
were various figures of saints. The man 
refused to enter into conversation on the 
subject, turning his back upon us. We went 
our way, but I certainly felt that what I had 
seen that afternoon, and on other occasions, 
justified my presence in Colombia as a Mis- 
sionary. Surely, if those who doubt or deny 
the necessity of Missions in Roman Catholic 
countries could see the idolatry practiced 
daily in those countries, their doubts would 
vanish, and their hearty and prayerful sup- 
port would be given to the work. 



Mr. Touzeau mentions a chapter in the Old 
Testament, which came to his mind when he 
saw that man trying to make a ** Christ" 
out of a log. How many of my little Presby- 



teriaas can tell where that chapter isf I 
advise you all to find it and read it. Yoa 
may get any older person to help you. To 
every child, under ten years of age, who 
sends me a postal card with the right chapter 
and verse written on it, with his own hand, 
before the end of January, I will send a copy 
of the picture of the Presbyterian House in 
New York. H. A. N. 



GRANDMOTHER DESTROYTOWN. 

[Another stoiy from "Our Life AinoDg: the Iroqaols,'' 
By Mn. Harriet S. Caswell. See October number, page 

861.1 

Grandmother Destroytown lived in the woods, 
in an Indian cabin quite a distance from neigh- 
bors. She hated the missionaries and their re- 
ligion most cordially and declared that no mis- 
sionary should ever enter her house. 

I was passing this little cabin one day on 
horseback. I saw the poor deluded woman near 
the house, gathering sticks. My heart went out 
to her with a great longing that her old age 
should be illuminated by the light of the gospel. 
The door of the cabin stood wide open. For the 
sake of giving her the blessed message, I resolv- 
ed to disregard her wishes and enter the bouse. 

Great was the astonishment of the old woman, 
who had not seen me, when she came to the door 
to discover a hated white woman, who was also 
a hated missionary, sitting in her house. I pres- 
ently gave her the Indian salutation, **I hope it 
is well with thee, grandmother ?" to which she 
did not reply. 

With a malignant scowl, which has been pic- 
tured upon my memory ever since, she pa^ed 
me, went to the corner of her shanty, took a 
pail and went out to the spring. Soon she re- 
turned with a pail of water and poured it into a 
tub. Taking no notice of me, she passed back 
and forth from the spring to the tub until it 
was filled with water. I thought, ''When the 
tub is full she will sit down to rest and I will 
talk with her ;" but when the tub was full she 
dipped the pail into it and suddenly threw a 
pail of water into the middle of the room, and 
siezing a broom began to scrub the floor. Pailful 
after pailful was thrown, and in every case aim- 
ed at me, until my clothing and my feet were 
drenched with water. Thmking I would not 
irritate the ^ omau if I kept perfectly quiet, and 
that she would soon be reconciled to my pres- 
ence, I did not speak a word. When I could 
not run the risk of sitting there longer, I said : — 

"Well, Grandmother Destroytown, I came 
here with the hope of making you very happy. 
I have a message for you ; it is a message of 
good news from heaven, and I greatly long to give 
it to you, for it would brighten all your last days. 
When you look back over your past life you 
remember some things that you wish you could 
forget. Tuere are stains of sin on your soul. I 
came to tell you about One who could wash 
away all those black stains and make your soul 
white and clean before God. This wonderful 



189S.] 



Grandmother tkstroytown. 



68 



Being that I came to tell you about, loves you 
more than I can possibly tell vou, although you 
have never cared for him, and feel so bitter in 
your heart towards his messengers ; but should 
the time ever come when you want to hear about 
this wonderful Friend of yours, you may come 
to me at the Mission House. I shall never come 
to you again." 

While 1 stood giving this message, I was re- 
ceiving, as fast as she could throw it at me, the 
water from her pail. Then I went out and 
mounted my horse, who must have been some- 
what surprised at my dripping condition, and 
imagined that he had forgotten some recently 
forded stream. 

Some months before this we had taken into the 
Mission family two deserted grandchildren of 
Mrs. Destroytown, who had been converted to 
the Christian religion and were children of great 
promise. 

One day a messenger from Grandmother De- 
stroytown demanded that we lend these two 
little girls to her for two days. The first im- 
pulse was to deny her request, for, as one of us 
remarked, **In two days she will undo our work 
of months." Another said : — 

•These children are in the fold. Will not 
Christ guard his lambs, and perhaps through 
them reach the heart of the old pagan woman ?' 

We decided to send them wil^ united prayer, 
that they might now be messengers of the gos- 
pel. 

Grandmother Destroytown had prepared an 
Indian dinner for her guests, and welcomed them 
with great delight. Could these be the misera- 
ble, half starved creatures that she had cast out 
and left to perish in the woods nearly a year be- 
fore ? She looked at their bright faces, plump 
cheeks, shining eyes, smoothly brushed hair, 
clean clothes, in astonishment, and was very 
proud of them. As she was about helping them 
to the dinner, one of the little girls said : — 

"Stop, grandmother I Wait I" 

The child knew that a blessing should be ask- 
ed, as at the Mission table, but having had no 
experience in this exercise, was at a loss how to 
be^n. Suddenly she remembered her little ev- 
enm^ prayer. She closed her eyes, and folding 
her little brown hands, said : — 

"Now I lay me down to sleep. 
I pray the Lord my soul to keep, 
If I should die before I wake, 
I pray the Lord my soul to take, 
And this I ask for Jecos' sake.'' 

A novel blessing for a noon-day meal, but the lit- 
tle one had done best she could, and who shall say 
that her effort was not accepted ? As the old wo- 
nian understood not one word of English, the only 
impression left upon her mind was the child talk- 
ing to B[a-wen-ni-yu, the €k>od Uuier. During the 
remainder of the day the littlegirls played happily 
together, and the grandmother greatly enjoyed 
their childish chat. At night she was preparing 
to put them to bed upon a couch of skins in the 
comer when one of them said : — 

••Stop, grandmother I Wait I" 

They knelt together, and in concert repeated 
the liord's Prayer, then clambered upon the 
couch and with wide-open eyes watched their 
grandmother as she moved back and forth about 



the little cabin, readv for a&y tonversation that 
she might care to hold with them. She sat down 
by the open fire and said : ••Why do you talk 
so much to Ha wen-ni-yu ? What are you saying 
to him?" 

"Why, grandmother," said the younger, **we 
belong to Jesus now ; we have given ourselves 
away to Him. We are doing everything that 
we can to please Him, and we love Him very 
much and we love to talk to Him. He is our 
wonderful Friend, and he loves us more than 
any body else in the world does. We always 
talk to Him before we eat and before we sleep. 
We try to please Him when we study, when 
we wash the dishes, and when we sweep the 
floor, and we try to please Him when we play." 

She listened attentively, and muttered, "I 
suppose that is the reason I have not seen you 
scratch or bite or strike each other to-day." 

The children prattled on to her of their great, 
loving Friend, 'and at last said, * 'Grandmother, 
will you let us sing you a little hymn f* 

She consented and they sang in her own lan- 
guage the little hymn which we had prepared 
for the pagans. 

"Jesus, I come to thee, pity me ! pity me ! 
I am a poor sinner, oh, pity me ! 
As thou art merciful, 
Tlirust not aside my soul, 
PitT me, for I am a poor sinner. 
Onlv thy precious blood 
Is able to give me relief, 
According to thy mercy. 
According to thy loving kindness, 
Wash me in thy blood. 
I am a poor sinner, 
But thou art able to save me. 

When the children finished the song the old 
grandmother seemed to have forgotten them en- 
tirely as she sat witli a far away look upon her 
face, gazing into the fire. They soon fell asleep 
but she sat there through the long hours of the 
night, reviewing all her past life in its darkness 
and ignorance and sin. Here she was, a lonely 
old woman on the verge of the grave. Had her 
life been all a mistake ? Had she been in error ? 
Mi^ht she claim this wonderful Friend of the 
white man and be cleansed from all sin ? She 
recalled a little verse that one of the children 
had repeated some time during the day : ''The 
blood of Jesub Christ cleanseth me from all sin ;^' 
and the other one had said that if one came to 
Him he should not be thrust aside. The Holy 
Spirit was doing His work of illumination in 
that benighted mind. 

The next morning the children came trium- 
phantly into the Mission, leading between them 
old Grandmother Destroytown. As I met them, 
she said : •*! remembered your words to me 
that I was to come to you if I wanted to hear 
more of the wonderful Friend. Tell me more 
now. " 

Grandmother Destroytown became a consistent 
member of the Mission church and at last died 
in the triumph of the Christian faith. 



And the servant of the Lord must not strive ; 
but be gentle to all, apt to teach, patient, in 
meekness instructing them that oppose them- 
8elves.~2 Tim. ii : 26. 



64 



Two Pennies — Prize Essay, 



[January^ 



A number of pleasant and good letters 
about the picture of Korean boys were received 
too late to be printed in our December num- 
ber. It does not seem .best to take up any 
more room in our pages for those boys, but 
these letters show that the writers have stud- 
ied carefully and are very intelligent. It is 
a great pleasure to help such boys and girls. 
We send the picture to them all. 



TWO PENNIES. 

BT SXILT HTJNTINODSlf MILLER. 

Two beautiful, ihining pennies! 

Bright, and yellow and new I 
Don*t tell me about the heathen— 

I want them my self ^ I do. 

I want a top and some marbles, 

A sword and a gun that shoots I 
A candy cane and a trumpet, 

A knife and a pair of boots. 

But then, what if / were a heathen. 

With no precious Bible to tell 
The story of Jesus our Saviour, 

Who loved little children so well! 

For Jesus you know may be asking 
This question of you and of me ; 
^^Did you carry my love to your brothers 
And sisters ^way over the seaf^^ 

I guess you may send them my pennies, 
Perhaps in same way they will grow. 

For little brooks do grow to rivers 
And pennies make doUars^ you know. 

I'm not very wise, but there^s one thing 

I think must be certainly true. 
If little boys ought to give pennies 

Big men should give dollar s, don't youf 

— King^s Messengers. 



iS^gBtematic (geneftcence. 



PRIZE ESSAY. 

butler's bible work to be given to 
theological students. 

After consultation with the professors in our 
different seminaries, the Assembly's Special Com- 
mittee on Systematic Beneficence, through the 
generosity of a friend, is able to make the fol- 
lowing attractive 



OFFER. 

1. For the best essay on " Christian Steward- 
ship, or Gkxi's Claim on His Children's Pro- 
perty,'' a complete set (10 volumes, price $6.50 
per volume) of Butler's Bible- Work, bound in 
half morocco. 

2. For the second best essay on the same sub- 
ject the same Work (10 volumes, price (4.00 per 
volume), bound in cloth. 

This '' Work " (8 volumes already issued, and 

2 volumes far advanced,) covers the entire Bible, 
and is "worth its weight in gold" to every 

minister. 

CONDITIONa 

1. The contestants shall be students in our 
theological seminaries, and those preparing for 
the Presbyterian ministry in our colleges. 

2. The Essays shall not be over 8,000 words 
in length, and only one side of the page must be 
used in writing them. 

8. They shall be in the hands of the Chairman 
of the Assembly's Committee (Rev. Rufus S. 
Green, Orange, N. J.) not later than April 20, 
1893. 

4. They shall be signed by a fictitious name, 
and accompanied by a sealed envelope contain- 
ing this name, and the writer's real name and 
address. 

.5. The successful Essays shall become the 
property of the Assembly's Committee, and will 
be published by it (under the author's names) in 
the furtherance of its work . 

The unsuccessful Essays will be returned to 
their writers, if accompanied by sufficient post- 
age. 

THE AWARD 

will be made by a committee of three persons to 
be chosen by the Chairman of the Assembly's 
Committee, and will be controlled by the follow- 
ing points : 

1. Scripturalness of treatment. 

2. Simplicity of style, with a view to wide 
reading by the people. 

3. Literary merit, other than simplicity of 
style. 

4 Legibility ; the Committee of award ought 
not be asked to dicipher hieroglyphics. 



1893.] 



Temperance. 



65 



Ztmpi^cM^t. 



The permanent Committee of the Synod of 
Missouri, at its last annual meeting in Octo- 
ber 1892, reported that during the year it had 
been in correspondence with 127 ministers, 
687 elders, and 368 women connected with 
various churches in the Synod; that a very 
considerable activity and interest are mani- 
fested in many of the congregations; and 
that some temperance work is done iu them 
all. 

There are reported 58 sessions that have per- 
maDent committees on temperance ; 26 that have 
a Presbyterian Woman's Temperance Associa- 
tion ; and of those reporting on this subject, 86 
churches use unfermented, 2 fermented, and 1 
either k'nd of wine at communion. They have 
received from the Assembly Committee 91,812 
pages; bought 68,620 pages; and had printed 
181,500 pages— in all, 836,982 pages of temper- 
ance literature — nearly all of which has been 
distributed by mail or otherwise, and circulated 
by devout women in the various churches and 
Sunday-schools. 



The Synod of Ohio expressed its hearty 
sympathy with every proper legal, moral and 
religious effort to arrest and finally deliver 
our country from the manifest evils which 
strong drink has brought and is bringing 
upon all classes of the community. 

The Synod also appointed a committee of 
**five prudent women '^ to co-operate with 
the Woman^s Temperance Association of our 
church, whose headquarters are in Phila- 
delphia. 



The Synod of Oregon adopted a report of 
its Committee, which includes the following : 

If we would be true friends to the temperance 
cause we must be united. We may differ as to 
the methods or wisest measures to be devised for 
the accomplishment of the great and grand end. 
One may suggest heavy taxation, another local 
option, still another constitutional prohibition. 
But as a popular temperance worker said: 
"Snpport and vote for any measure that in- 
creases the present restrictions." Upon this 
ground we most highly commend the noble and 
persistent work performed by all wise tem- 
perance organizations, particularly of christian 
women. The Synod adopted the following 



RESOLUTIONS. 

First, That as ministers and elders we do our 
utmost in every lawful christian way to effect 
the overthrow of the power of the saloon, and 
the destruction of the use of, and traffic in intox- 
icating drink. 

Second. That this question be continually 
kept before the minds of our people, in both 
Sabbath school and church service. 

Third. That prayer be offered to Almighty 
God our Heavenly Father, for guidance and pro- 
tection in dealing with this one of the greatest 
foes of the Redeemer's cause. 



The Synod of Ind. adopted the following 
resolutions : 

1. That we, as a Synod, do again most 
earnestly and emphatically voice our oppo- 
sition to the rum traffic in our State. It is 
opposed to the laws of God and also to 
the expressed will of the people of this 
State who in majority voted that intoxicating 
liquors should no longer be sold within its fair 
boundaries, as a beverage. 

2. That special effort be put forih to train 
the children of our Sabbath Schools, and the 
youth of our Societies in Temperance principles, 
and in loyalty to our own state and national laws. 

8. That we enjoin upon our members the 
duty of total abstinence, as the only safety for 
the individual. 

4. That Ministers, Elders and the members 
of our Churches, be urged in every practical way 
to push with vigor the enforcement of our excel- 
lent prohibitory law; and we do this the more 
earnestly because we believe that its mainte- 
nance upon our statutes depends in great meas- 
ure upon its State- wide enforcement. 

5. That we protest against the sale of intoxi- 
cants upon the grounds of the Columbian expo- 
sition as contrary to the statutes of Illinois, and 
an outrage upon the recorded sentiment of our 
country. 

6. That the appeal now made to our Churches 
for funds to carry on its work, by the Gkneral 
Assembly's Permanent Committee on Temper- 
ance, receive a ready response from all our 
Churches. 



Other Synods have taken similar action. 
We have not (pace enough for extracts from 
all, but take these specimens from the minutes 
earliest received. There need be no doubt as 
to the sentiment throughout our Church being 
in harmony with these acts of Synods. 



66 



(JUaninga at Home and Abroad. 



[January, 






The people in Oroomiab, it is said, love to call 
Dr. Cochran's mother the "Mother of the Nesto- 



nans. 



tt 



Said a missionary whose life was spent in In- 
dia : "The man who receives gifts from (Jod 
receives an appointment from G^ ; namely that 
-of donor." 



The Midway Mission to the Jews has, accord- 
lag to the Mission Field, distributed 212,000 
copies of the New Testament in Hebrew among 
Jews in all parts of the world. 



Persecution does not always follow the giving 
up of idols in China, but it invariably follows 
the abondonment of ancestral worship. — Arch- 
deacon Arthur E. Moule. 



The Mtmon Field estimates that there are 12,- 
000 mission schools sustained by the offerings of 
Protestant Christians, in which 600,000 children 
and youth receive instruction. 



Mrs. Isabella Bird Bishop, after visiting forty- 
one medical missions, gave unqualified testimo- 
ny to the value and power of each of them as an 
evangelizing hgencj.— Spirit of Missions. 



Says Dr. J. L. Withrow: "The Gospel is ag- 
'^gressive. Christianitv must have channels and 
currents or it cannot live. It is the water of life, 
and, as water in nature, it must be kept moving. 
Stagnation spoils it." 

Every true convert in heathenism becomes at 
once a missionary. The changed life, shining 
out amid the surrounding darkness, is a Gospel 
in largest capitals which all can read.— .S09. 
John O, Paton. 



Ilev. J. Johnston in The Indian Female Evan- 
•*gelist expresses deep regret that the noble scheme 
set on foot by Lady Daflerin should shut the 
lips of the messengers of mercy sent to the dark 
*3iomes of India, from ever mentioning the name 
<of Jesus. 



Bfir. Johnston, having visited India in 1858 and 
e^n tn 1889 and 1890, found that while the 
number of professing Christians had increased 
seven-fold, and the number of communicants 
thirteen -fold, the influence of Christ had increas- 
ed at least a hundred-fold. 



Of the Chinese converts on the Pacific coast 
gathered by the Methodist Mission, 90 per. cent 
remain faithful, notwithstanding the persecu- 
tion they receive. They average five dollars per 
jnember annually for missions, besides contribu- 
ting to other benevolent objects. 



We are much disposed to account for the sim- 
ilarity between the Jewish temple and Hindu 
places of worship, and a certain correspondence 
between the code of Sinai and the ten precepts 
of Buddhism, on the ground of a Divine revela- 
tion made before the dispersion. — Chinese Be- 
eorder. 



In former years, savs Dr. Robert Cust in his 
"Africa Rediviva," Europeans used to steal Af- 
ricans from Africa ; now they are trying to steal 

Africa from the Africans There is a kind 

of itch for taking possession of everything as if 
the Creator had only been thinking of Europe 
when he made the world. 



It pays for the church to send her very beet 
men as missionaries. The truest, purest men, 
the most skillful physicians, the best preachers, 
the most kindly and courteous Christian gentle- 
men, with no perceptible flaws in their charac- 
ter, are the men who can do effective work here. 
— Letter from Oroomiah in The Star in the East. 



Dr. Thomas P. Hughes in his article in the 
Arena for October, mentions as an example of a 
convert from Islam, the Rev. Imad ud Deen, D. 
D., of Amritzar. In 1864 he was a bigoted Mos- 
lem moulavie; now he is a devout Christian 
priest, possessing great originality as a preach- 
er, and is mentally a connecting link between 
Islam and ChristiaDity. 



The Chinese (Government has been so favora- 
bly impressed with the work the Methodist 
Missions are doing in Pekin that it has promised 
to give positions upon the railroads or in the 
telegraph offices to all graduates, at a fair salair 
and the privilege added of keeping the Sabbath 
— ^a great concession.— World Wide Miseions. 

There are 80,000 beggars in Pekin. Stark 
naked except for a rag about their loins, in win- 
ter they succumb to the cold every night by 
hundreds. Gaunt and wan they wander about 
the city, fighting with dogs for a share in the 
refuse of the streets. Their physical misery is 
such that their moral degradation is over-looked. 
— Article in Harper's Weekly. 



There is a smaller proportion of Protestant 
missionaries in Korea, according to the popula- 
tion, than in any other country except Airica, 
says Mrs. Underwood. Although the women 
are secluded, yet a woman who understands 
medicine may have free access to them any- 
where. During a recent tour she was almost 
mobbed by the people in their eagerness to con- 
sult the doctor. 



The following are necessary qualifications for 
missionary work, says Dr. Judson Smith. (1) 
A clear copviction of the fundamental doctrines 
of the Gospel, and of their power to bring life and 
salvation. (2) The missionary spirit, which 
makes one rise above difficulties and act against 
obstacles with a patience which outlasts them 



1893.] 



Notes on India Missions. — Ministerial Necrology. 



67 



all. ( 3 ) Good mental power and thorough ed- 
ucation. (4) Sou ndnese of judgment or good 
sense. 

Said Mrs. Bishop, after visiting the Faith 
Hubbard Boarding School at Hamadan: The 
pupils show by the purity, gentleness and self- 
denial of their lives, that they have learned to 
follow the Master — a lesson the wise teaching of 
which is or should be the raUon d'etre of every 
mission school. Christianity thus translated into 
homely lives may come to be the disinfectant 
which will purify in time the deep corruption of 
Persian life. 



Hunan Province, south of the Yang-tse, con- 
toins probably 16,000,000 of people. It is the 
larjrest solid mass of heathenism in the world, 
without one resident Protestant missionary. The 
people are hardy, brave and prosperous. Al- 
though still anti-foreign, the imperial proclama- 
tions of toleration will sooner or later be obeyed 
there. The province will be "open" to mission- 
ary residence just as soon as missionaries go and 
open it — Herald of Misaian News. 



NOTES ON INDIA MISSIONS. 

Of the publications issued by the Bombay 
Tract Society during the last decade, 142 were 
written by native Christian authors. 

A portable Hindi Bible has just been published 
by the North India Bible Society. It will be sold 
at 35 cents a copy. Hindi is read by 00,000,000 
of people. 

The Mohammedan Mullahs of Delhi have 
given an order "forbidding Mohammedan boys 
to attend Mission schools. They have also or- 
dered all Zenanas to be closed to mission visitors." 
Such "orders" have been frequently given, and 
occasionally they are obeyed, but a few months 
will prove the law to be a dead letter. 

The Indian Witnets tells us that in the North 
India Conference 42 native pastors draw their 
fiaUry entirely from the people. 

It is said that the sacred fire of the Pars! tem- 
ple at Udwada, in the Bombay Presidency, has 
not once gone out during the 1200 years of their 
residing in India. 

Babu Prosono Kumar Vldyaratna, the distin- 
gui^ed translator of a number of Sanscrit 
books, among which is the Rig Veda, was bap- 
tized sixteen years ago. He soon after became 
skeptical and seenoied to have lost his faith in the 
Ck)epe1. But while translating the sacred Veda, 
his faith in Christ returned, and now he has fully 
identified himself with the Christian Church. 



country, are willing to put themselves under 
regular Christian instruction in our colleges and 
schools." 

(2) "(Jovernment is willing to withdraw in 
favor of efficient Christian colleges where these 
can be provided. " 

(3) "The higher educational work calls for the 
best powers of heart and brain any Christian can 
offer to his Master, and is full of interest, variety, 
and promise." 

(4) "Qualified men cannot be foundy to give 
themselves to it." 

, (5) I^ not this a call to youf 

To some of the bright young men in American 
Colleges we would say : " £ not thU a call to 
your 

The Indian Standardnotices the death of Prof. 
Umes Chandra Chatterjee, one of Dr. Alexan- 
der Duff's converts. He was baptized in 1858, 
and has been connected ever since with the Free 
Church Institution in Calcutta. For many years 
he has been Professor of History and Political 
Economy. The testimony of such a life is of in- 
estimable value to the cause of Christ in India. 



An English Missionary appeals to the graduates 
of English Universities to go to India as educa- 
tors in Mission schools. He makes the following 
points: 

(1) "The most influential classes in India, the 
men who are to mould the destinies of their 



The character of the Buddhist hierarchy is 
strikingly illustrated by the statement of Mr. 
Graham Sand berg, who, in his writing on Thibet 
says that "The Chinese, in order to maintain 
their footing in Thibet, and thus reserve for their 
exclusive advantage the commercial products of 
the country, as well as remain the sole suppliers 
of its natural wants, scruple not to bring about 
the murder of each successive sovereign of the 
land before he becomes of age. In this way, five 
at least, of the Qrand Lamas of Lhasa, during 
the present century, have been deliberately put 
to death." 

And yet, there are men in Christain America, 
who seem to think the Chinese Buddhists are 
about as good as American Christians ! 

G M W. 

^P*We eameBthr request the famiUes of deceased mln- 
isterB and the stated clerks of their presbyteries to for- 
ward to us promptlv the facts given in these notices, and 
as nearly as possible in the form exemplified below. 
These notices are highly valued by writers of Presby- 
terian history, compilers of statistics and the Intelligent 
readers of both. 

BoiKG, Elias L.— Bom, New York City, Oct 
81, 1824; graduated, University of New 
York, 1850, Union Theological Seminary, 
1853; ordained, 1858; missionary to the 
Choctaws, 1858-1855; preached at Almont, 
Mich., one year; pastor, Durham, N. Y., 
1856-1864; pastor at Angelica, N. Y., mis- 
sionary to f reedmen, agent of the Board of 
Church Erection at Rochester, 1864-1872; 
ministered in Frederickshurg, Md. (where he 
organized a Presbyterian church) 1872-1879 ; 
Durham, N. Y., 1879-1885; stricken with 
apoplexy, removed to Green Village, N. J. : 
Died Oct. 27, 1892. 

Married, Aug. 80, 1858, Miss Anna M. 
Stiles, of Newark, N. J. 



68 



£ook Notices. 



[Januartfy. 



(§00%, (Uottces. 



MissiO!rABT Landscapes in the Dark Conti- 
HSNT, is the striking and suitable title of a volume in 
which Rev. James Johnston^ A. T. S., ** has sketched 
in outline a few of the notably fascinating African 
spheres where the missionary vanguards have es- 
tablished their outposts.*' 

They are such as the following: Nyasa, **The Lake 
of the Stars," Life Pictures from North African 
Land6,Uganda under Conquest, Sunrise in Kaffraria, 
South Africa, etc. There are thirteen of them filling 
264 pages — such fair and readable pages as are sure 
to be- found in books published, as this is, by Anson 
D. F. Randolph and Ck>mpany, New York, 182 Fifth 
Avenue. 

Thk Diyinb Art of Prkachino, is the title which 
Dr. A. T. Pierson has given to the little volume 
of 156 pages which contains his Lectures De- 
livered at the Pastor^ 8 College, connected with the 
Metropolitan Tabernacle^ London, England, dur- 
ing the last year. 

We shrink a little from the title, for while we ac- 
cept Dr. Pierson's statement, **that a sermon is a 
product not of the mind of man only, but of the 
mind of man in contact with the Spirit of Qod, and 
the truth of God," that statement clearly leaves the 
product human and not ** divine." The text taken 
from the written word of GK>d is divine in a sense ill 
which the best sermon educed from it by the most 
devout and spiritual preacher is not divine. Preach- 
ing is a human art, however needful and available is 
the divine power without which it cannot be worthily 
or effectively done. The divine in preaching is not 
the " art^^ of preaching. 

But this is only an instance of Dr. Pierson's ten- 
dency to excessive intensity of expression, a fault 
easily forgiven in the midst of so many rare excel- 
lences, but not to be imitated as faults are so much 
more apt to be than excellences. 

These thirteen brief lectures will be found by at- 
tentive readers— and it is not easy for Dr. Pierson's 
readers or hearers to be inattentive— not only 
abounding in pertinent and wise instruction, but 
pervaded by a devout and fervent spirit, sweetly 
and powerfully winning the reader to that exjMr- 
ience which is expressed in the title of the conclud- 
ing lecture. ** Tfie Preacher Communing vnth the 
SpiHt» 

Story of John G. Paton. Told for Young Folks 
by the Rev. James Paton. Published by A. C. Arm- 
strong & Son, 51 East 10th St., near Broadway, New 
York. Price $1.50. 

Many Americans, old and young, are now having 
the opportunity to hear from the heroes own lips the 
story of Thirty Years among South Sea Cannibals. 
Those whose interest has thns been awakened and 
many more who have not shared this opix>rtunity 
will welcome for their homes and Sabbath-school 
libraries this volume, somewhat simple in style and 



more profusely illustrated than the two-volume Life 
of John G. Paton, which first introduced him to 
American readers a few years ago. It can hardly 
be called a children's book and we feel that there is 
still an opportunity for a skillful writer to tell t^e 
story again or to cull many thrilling and touching 
incidents from it for younger boys and girls. 

Ten Years Digoiko in Egypt, by W. M. Flinders 
Petrie ; Published by Fleming H. Revell Ck>., Union 
Square, New York City. Mr. Petrie's book is an 
interesting description of an accurate investigator^ 
work. Professedly the book is written for the ordin- 
ary reader ; and yet the ordinary reader must now 
and then read with pretty careful thonghtfuluess. 
Perhaps, however, reading as the ordinary reader 
generally reads, he will not be troubled with these- 
parts, and will overlook the careless use of English 
here and there. The book is interesting in every way ^ 
written earnestly and frankly, and full of informa- 
tion regarding the ancient times and ancient cus- 
toms of the most interesting country in the world 
save Palestine. 

The Stort of Uganda and the Victoria. Ny- 
ANZA Mission, by Sarah Geraldina Stock. Fleming 
H. Revell Company, New York. 

In November 1875, Henry M. Stanley's memorable 
challenge to the christian world to ** send miasicm- 
aries to Uganda *' appeared in the London Daii^ 
Telegraph, and on the 11th of March 1876, the first 
missionaries for the Lake region sailed from En- 
gland. " The Story of Uganda" covers the event- 
ful years which lie between these dates and the dose 
of 1891. It is a story of christian heroism unsui^ 
passed in the history of modem missions. No lesB 
than sixteen of the noble men who responded to the 
call for missionaries sleep in African soil, some of 
them filling a martyr^s grave. But neither climate^ 
nor persecution, nor intrigue of Arab slave trader, 
RomiRh priest or royal tyrant, could stay the pro- 
gress of Christ's kingdom by the Lake Uganda. 
Dark days may yet be in store fortheNyansa Mis- 
sion, but *' the* word of God is not bound." 

The Fifth Gospel ; The Land Where Jesus 
Lived, by J. M. P. Otts, L.L.D., author of Lacon- 
isms, The Wisdotn of Many in the Words of One^ 
Nicodemus unth Jesus. 

** This little book,'* says its author, '* is not meant 
to be biographical in its order, nor exhaustive in its 
descriptions and discussions. Its purpose is to give 
a pen-picture of some of the prominent points in the 
life of * Jesus the Christ, and of the land in which he 
Hved." 

He has made these pen-pictures so vivid as to 
show why he accepts M. Renan's designation of that 
land as " The Fifth Gospel,'' and they all have the 
tone and colors which we should exi)ect such pictures 
to receive from the pen of a reverent evangelical 
believer. There are a score of such pictures in a 
volume of S67 pages. 

Fleming H. Revell Company, New York, Chicago 
and London. 



RECEIPTS. 

Synods in shaUs oafftals; PreBbyteries in UaXie; ChnrcbeB in Roman. 



Jt is of great importance to the treaaorers of all the boards that when money is sent to them, tlM 

, of the church from which it comes, and of the presbytery to which the chuxsh belongs, should be 

<li8tinctly written, and that the person sending should sign his or her name distinctly, with proper title, e. g.| 
JiiBUn'f IVeasurer, Miss or Mrs,, as the case may be. Careful attention to this will save much trouble.and 
partiaps preycut soioas mistakflB. 



BECEIFIS FOR THE BOARD OF CHURCH KRBOTION, OCTOBER, 1899. 

AnjkHTio.— Fairfield ^Tabor. 8. S 00 aca, Ist, sab-sch, 19 81. Geneva— Waterloo, (add'l.) 5* 

BALTiMORB.—Ba2<tmore— Baltimore 2d, 25 ; Baltimore HiMbon— Florida, 1 80. Long /«tond— East Hamptonr 

Central. IS 22. New Castle— EXkton, 49. Washington 12. iVeio Forik— New Tork, Spring Street, 10: New York* 

Oi^— WashiDf^n City, Gunton Temple, Memorial, 5 92; Westminster, W. 2Sd Street, sab-sch, 15. Niagara-^Alr 

Washington City Nortn, 9 68. 107 82 bion, 18 ; Lewiston, 5. North JBtver— Bethlehem, 7. 

Oaufobmia.— Benicia— St. Helena, 12. Los Angelas— i2ocii««ter— Rochester, Brick, 100. St. Lawrence— -li^ 
Oolton, Ist, 5 70 ; Fullerton, 1 ; Los Angelos, 8rd. 7 ; New Kalb, 1 : De Kalb Junction, 2 ; Morristown, 6 21. /Stew- 
hall, 12 ; Pasadena Calvary, 5; Westminster, 8. Oak- fren— Arkport— 1 78 ; Hammondsport, 5. <9^aciMe— Am- 
jand— Oakland Centennial. 13. Sacramento — Carson boy. 5 ; Skaneatelee, 6 22 ; Syracuse, Memorial, 5. Trop 
City, 7; Vacaville, 11. San JcMe-Boulder Creek, 5; — Hoosick Falls. 28 75. Westchester— Qreenbuvf^, IM 29; 
Hollister, 2, 80 70 PeekskllL 2d, 10 ; Stamford, 75 08 ; Yonkers Westmin- 

OoiiORADo. — Moulder— Longmont, Central, S 75; Val- ster, (incl. sab-sch , 20) 85 54. 979 85 

montjlftcts. Denver— OtiBy 9; Valverde, 1 50; Yuma,l 23. Ohio -^tA«7i«— Beech Orove, 2 72 ; Warren, 0. ChiUi- 

2*tteMo— Durango, 1st, 10 ; Pueblo, Fountain, 8 ; Rocky cot^— Bainbridge, 2. Cincinnati— Cincinnati, Poplar 

Ford, 1st. 2. 80 66 Street, 4 ; Cincinnati, Wahiut Hills. 1st, 50 02 ; Delhi, 1st, 

luJKOis.— fitoommffton^-Oibeon City,17; Lezingtoa,10, 5 50 ; Hartwell. 9. Columbut— Columbus, Westminster, 

Ouro-Dabois Columbian Offering, 2. C^«caj70~Chicago, 7. Z>ayton ~ Clifton, 18 55. Jf arion — Barlin, 175. 

1st, 24 79;'2d, 280; — Belden Avenue, 6 50; — Fullerton ifoumee— Bryan,lBt,7 89; West Unity, 11. Portsmouth-^ 

Avenue. 70 87. J7V«eporf— Middle Creek. 16 60; Ridge- Ironton, 9; Sardinia, 9. St. C^atr«vi'II«— Buffalo, 28 10; 

•field, 8 13. Jtfdttoon— Paris. 15. P<eor»a— Brunswick. 2 80; Washington, 2 80. Steubenville — Bacon Ridge, 8 48; 

Peoria, Grace, 12 05. itoefc Atver—Geneseo. 1 60. Schuyler Carrollton, 11. ITootfter— Shreve, 5. ZanesviUe-'BlsA- 

— Quincy, 1st, 8 52, fifpringr/teld— Springfield, 2d, 44 56. ensbuivh. 4 ; Martinsburgh, 4 ; Mount Pleasant, 5 06 : 

510 06 Newark, Salem, German, 1 05. 198 94 

ljfDULHk.—Crawfordsville—Bethtaij, 10 ; Frankfort, Ist, PsNifSTLyANiA — Allegheny — Allegheny, Central, 20 ; 

15 80. Fort Wayne— ligonier, 6. Bidianapolis- Green- New Salem, 4. BlairnnUe— Braddock, Ist, 17 03 ; Harri- 

wood, 6 89. Iroaan«por(— Bethlehem, 8 ; Centre, 8. New soa City,5 50 : Irwin, 11 50; Jeannette, 6 11 ; Livermore,6 45> 

Albany— JKew Albany, 2d, 19 55. 68 21 McGinl8s,8; Manor,2; Murrysyille, 4. J3u<<«r— Middlesex, 

iHDiJjr TsBBiToaT.— ifuMooee— Achena, 2. 2 00 18 50; MountNebo,2 40 ; Norih Butler, 6 ; Prospect, 2 60; 

Iowa. — Cedar Bapids — Cedar Rapids, 2d, 16 82 ; Summit, 6 80. C!aWi«I«— Lebanon, 4th Street, 25 : Upper 

^Wyoming, Ist. 4 81. Coming — Prairie Star. 2 83 ; Path Valley, 5 ; Waynesboro. 5 83. CAe«ter~Christiana« 

Platte Centre,2 77. Dea afoinet— Dallas Centre,8; Newton, 4 ; Dllwortbtown, 8 70; Ridley Park, 7 66. Clarion^ 

28 09. />u6u<;u«— Rowley, 2 56 ; Walker, 5 b6. /010a— Edenburg, 10 ; Oil City, 21, 7 ; Wllooz, 45 cts. JSPrie— Pleaa- 

Keokuk, Westminster, 10 77 ; Kirkville, 4. Sioux City— antville, 6 j Utica, 4 ; Waterloo, 1. Huntingdon— Ko}it»- 

XiS Mars, Ist, 11 08. 9i 07 dale, 8. iSae/leat0anna— Monroeton, 4 ; Wilkes Barre, 

Kansas.— Emporia— Belle Plaina, 4. Highland—Blue Grant Street, 4 90. LeAi^/A— Portland, 2 ; Pottsyille, 1st, 

Rapids, 18; Washington, Ist. 6 88. iV^ofAo —Carlyle, 16 54; Upper Mount Bethel, 2. ^ort^umbertond— Lewis- 

-94 cts; Columbus, 11; Paola, 7 50. Os&ome — Kill burgh, 48 50; Mahoning. 15; Milton, 70; Moimt Carmel,, 

Craek, 2 26. Sotomon -Sylvan Grove, 1st, 15. Topeka'- 1st, 18 91 ; Sunbury. Ist, 87. PAilod^ipAui— Philadelphia 

Kansas aty. Ist. 15 20* 75 27 Bethlehem, 15 80; Philadelphia. GreenhUll, 82 04 ; Phila> 

KasiTCCKT— .S<»ene2er— Paris„lst,7. Louisville— Hod- delphia. Mariner's, 4. Philadelphia North— Fox Chaae, 

gmsville, 1 40. 8 40 18 60 ; Mount Airy, 26 88. Pittslmrgh- Centre, 22 89; 

MiOHioAN— Detroit — Brighton, 2. ^2int— Argentine, Forest Grove. Ladies' Sdciety, 9 85 ; Homestead, 5 ; 
7 50 ; Linden, 4. Lanstng-Lansing, Ist, 7. Monroe-^ Pittsburgh, 2d, 10 80 ; Pittsburgh, East Liberty, 19 ; 
Erie,Ut, 5; La Salle, Ist 1; Palmyra, 5. S^tnato— Gray- Pittsburgh, Homewood Avenue, 2 88; Pittsburgh, Mo- 
ling, 2. 88 50 Candlass Avenue, 5 40 ; Pittsburgh, Park Avenue, 22 60: 

MDnnHOTA.^aianlMi<o— Lyons. 1 ; St. James, 8 50. Pittsburgh Shady Side, saVsch.. 12. Bedstone— tioixni 

Bed River— Angm, 2 67. St. i^iul— Bioomington, Oak Vemon,6 : Pleasant Unity, 2. Shenango—M.<mnt Pleafr- 

Orove, 8 ; St. Paul, House of Hope, 58 59. 68 76 ant, 10 ; Neshannock, 12 80 ; Petersburgh, 4 ; Rich Hill, 

Missouri— iTanms Ot^y— Clinton, 1st, 7 85 ; Kansas 8. Washington — Cameron 8: Claysville, 21 55. WesU 
City. 8d, 2. Qsarfe— Eureka Springs. 10. Palmyra-I^n- minster— VnUmt 20 ; York, Calvary, 20 62. 719 88 
terprise,4 40; Grantsville. 5. Pfat/e— Craig, 8 ; Tren- South Dakota— Aberdeen — Britton, sab-sch., 10; El- 
ton. Hodge, 2 86. St, Louis— 8t, Louis, 2d Garman, 8. lendale. 7. Central DaJtofo— Alpena, 4. Southern Da^ 

87 61 iboto— Parker, 12. 88 00 

Nkbraska— Hat«na«— Oak Creek, 5. Kearney— Sum- Tbmnsssbb.— CZnion— Rockford, 4. 4 00 

ner 1 50. JVe&ra«to Ct^ -Adams, 6 ; Fairmont,! ; Paw- Texas— ^liMf in— Austin Ist, 21. North Texas— Sej' 

nee aty, 1st, 7 49 ; Plattsmouth, 1st, 4 17 ; Sterling, mour, 2 20. 28 20 

vtf. iViEo6ran»— Oakdale 4 50. Oma^— Belle Centre, 1; Utah.— Jf on tona— Miles City, Ist, 9. Utcth—Hyrvaau 

^Craig, 15 S2; Clifton HiU, 1 80. 56 48 Emanuel, 2 05 11 06 

Kkw jKBsar.— JS^fisotetAr-Lamington. 20 ; Perth Am- Washikoton.— Pu^f Sound— Port Townsend, 1st, 6 05. 

'toy, 10 15 ; Roselle, 6 40. Jfonmout^i— Farmlngdale, 4 ; 6 05 

Moorestown, 5 ; Riverton. Calvary, 6. Morris and Or* Wisconsin.— La CroMa— Greenwood, 8. Milwaukee— 

4Bnoe— Madison, 128 12; Whippaiiy,l. JVetoarA;— Newark, Milwaukee, Immanuel, 85 47 TTinneboi^— Stevens Point. 

2dri6 78; Newark, Paric, 9 59. New Brunswick— l>s.jUm, 20 61. 59 08 

•4 21 ; Fiemington, 60 18 ; TitusviUe, 20. 276 88 Total from Churches and Sabbath-schools, . . . .$ 8,477 4ft 

Naw Maxic».— IWo Omnde-Las Cruces, Spanish, 1: ,„ ««««„«,«,^wa 

Socorro, Spanish. 2. 8 00 <>™«» contributions. 

Nbw ToBX<^^l6any-BaIlston Centre, 4. Bingham- " A. WeU Wisher," $9000 

fon—Bisghamton, 1st, 91 84; Cortland, 78 42. Boston^- *'C.Fenna," 4 00 

Boxbary, 14. Broolelyn^Brooklyn, Greene Avenue, 10 64 ; A. J. Gere, Halstead, Pa, 1 00 

West New Brighton, Calvaiy. 5. fiuj^a(o— Buffalo, Beth- $ 95 00 

any, 18; Buffalo Central, 88 14; Buffalo, Westminster, - — — — 

109 98. Oipi^a— Auburn, 2d, 15 40; Qepoa, 2d, l;Ith- $8,572 46 

69 



70 



Colleges and Academies — Education. 



[^Janiuiryy 



LBOAOIKS. 

Estate of Margaret J. Boudeman, Dan- 

▼Ule,Pa. $94486 

" ** Joseph W.Edwards, 968 75 

** ** James Gladden, late of Kel- 

sej, Ohio, 190 U 

MISOBLLANXOUS. 

Interest on Investment 9,741 86 

Sale of Church property, 1,094 80 

*' " Book of Designs, No. 5 76 

Premiums of Insuranoe, 819 80 

BPKOIAL DONATIONS. 

Kansas, iS^i>or/a,Emporia ]8t,$90 00 
** ^* Peabody, 49 07 69 07 

New Jersey, Jeney City, Jer- 
sey City Ist, 79 07 

New York, Troy, Caldwell, .... 6 00 
" " '* Cohoes.... 40 00 45 00 
" " Westchester, White 

Plains, Sabbath-School, 10 00 

180 14 

W. 8. Ladd, Portland, Oregon, 100 00 



$698 94 



4,149 90 



980 14 



OBUIICH OOLLXCnOMB AKD OTHKB OOMTRIBUTIOMS. 

Seven months, April to Octo- 
ber, 1809, 197,964 11 

Seven months, April to Octo- 
ber, 1891 97,996 99 

HAVBXFVin). 

USOBLLANXOUS. 

Instalments on Loans, $1,946 80 

Interest, 90 96 

Premiums of Insurance 8 00 

$1,979 



$8,684 04 



If acknowledgment of any remittance is not found Ia 
these reports, or if they are inaccurate in any item, prompt 
advice should be sent to the secretaiy of the Boardf giving 
the number of the receipt held, or, in the absence of a re- 
ceipt, the date, amount and form of remittance. 

Adam Campbbll, Treaturer, 
58 Fifth Avenue. New Yoik. 



RECEIPTS FOB OOLI.BOES AND ACADEMIES, SEPTEMBER AND OCTOBEB, 189S. 



BALTiMOBS—Ba/t/more— Baltimore 2d, 18 54 ; New Cos* 

le— Elkton, 84; Pencader. 4 70; Waahinffton City — 

Washington Citr Metropolitan, 10. 69 24 

Colorado — i?ouM«r — Valmont, 89 cents: Pueblo — 
Xastonviile, 9 : Pueblo Ist, 1 28 8 65 

Illinois— Ploomin^on— Clinton, 10; CA/ca^o— Chicago, 
1st. 94 76 ; —Jefferson Park, 86 89 ; Evanston Ist, St ; 
Feorto— Farmington, 9 90; Yates aty, 8 60 : Rock River 
— Aledo sa^-sch, 1 69; Schuyler— Hmcomh, 11 : Monmouth 
1st. 18 89 ; Quincy Ist, 9 64 ; apringfield^Fiaf^, 9 56 ; 
fitoringfleld Jd, 44 65. 189 91 

IivDiA]fA—Orati/ord«vfI2e— Lafayette 2d, 90 88 ; Fort 
ITaifne- Fort Wayne 8d, 8 17; ^eii7 ^26aiiy— New Albany 
«d,!fe80. "^ (9^ 

IOWA— Cedar Rapide— Wyoming let, 8 61 ; Dee Moinea 
r-Ohariton Ist, 8 85. FYtrt Dodge-ej^rit Lake, 9 86. Io%oa 
— Middletown, 60 cents. Wa/ertoo-Dysart, 4. 14 51 

KAVSAB^Neoeho—Blue Mound, 1: Carlyle, 71 cents. 1 71 

MicBiOAif — />etro<t — Brighton, 8. Lansing — Concord 
1st, 907. 5 07 

MISSOURI— Piaffe— Lathrop, 9. St. LouieSt. Louis 9d. 
German, 9. 4 00 

New JKR8KT—J?iira{>ef A— Elizabeth 8d. £1; Roselle let, 
4 80 ; Springfield, 18. Jersey Ctfy— Carlstadt, 9 ; Jersey 
City 1st, 10. ifonmoufA— Forked River, 9 ; Moorestown, 
t ; Oceanic Ist, 18: South Amboy, 1 ; New Gretna, 1. 
Morria db Oratioe— East Orsoge Ist, 18 ; — Brick, 66 64 : 
Hillside, 15; Madison, 7 08; Summit Central, 69 89; 
Whippany, 1. Nevark — Bloomfleld let, 98 06 ; Newark 
9d, 9 96, —Calvary. 1 49 ; — Park, £9 18. New Bruns- 
wick — Bound Brook 1st, 99; Dayton, 8 16. Newton 
^Belvedere lat, 10. 457 99 

Nsw YoBK— Albany — Albany — State Street, 98 64. 
B<n(;Aamton~Bringhamton Ist, 91 84. Brooklyn, L. I.— 
8d Street. 48 88. BuiToto— Buffalo, Bethany, 19— North, 
66 17— Westminster, 9 86. Cay ixoa— Auburn 2d, 8 05. 
Oetietef— Batavia, Ist. 18 16. ^d«on— Florida, 4 09 ; 
Good Will, 9 16 ; Nyack. Ist. 90 55 ; Ridgebury, 1 ; West 
Town, 8. Long laland'^'EASt Hampton, 10. Neuaau^ 
Huntington let, 57 65. New ForJIp— New York, Spring 
Street, 10— University Place, 147 77. i\^tacarc— Albion, 
90. North i?»ver^Bethlehem, 7 ; Cornwall, 7 94 ; Little 
Britain, 8. O^^o— Springfield, 9 80. Rochester- Ro- 
chester 8d, 91 ; St. Peter'p, 95. S^eulen— Addison, 5 05; 
Arkport, 1 88. Troy—Troj, Second Street, 67 66; Water- 
ford; Ist, 7 98. Weatcheater-Teekakm 1st, S9 79. 780 79 

Ohio.— PeUe/onfain€— Forest, 8. Daytoii«-Greenville, 



1st. 18 ; Springfield 2d, 48 98. Huron— MonroeviUe, 96c. 
Ltmo— Convoy 1st, 4 06 ; Harrison, 8 40 ; Van Weti, 1^ 
70; Wapakoneta, 10. St, ClairvilU— Mount Ptoasaat, 
4 08. 106 09 

CALiFORmA— ixM Angelos—TtMAeDA 1st, 96. Sacra- 
mento— tLote^We^ 8. San J6«e— HoUister, 9. 80 OO 

PBVNSTLVAMiA—^U^aA^ny— Allegheny, McClnre Ave, 
94 96. Blairsvllle-F&AelA, 7 44 ; MurrysvUls, 4 ; Bui- 
ler— Concord,10 89 ; North Butler, 7 ; North Washington, 
9 80. Cariitte— Harrisburgh, Pine Street, 90 46 ; Peters- 
burg, 9 87 ; Waynesboro. 4 87. Chester— FtLgg^ Kanorr 
91 ; Ridley Park. 5 74. Clarion— Edinbuig, 10 . John- 
sonburg, 86c. ; Oil City, 9d. 7 ; Wilcox, 84c. l^'e— Erie 
1st, 90 : Jamestown,8 17 ; Kerr's Hill, 9 &0t Meadville, 
] St, 6 10: Huntingdon— Lower Spruce Creek, 8 77. KUtan- 
nini;r— Clarksburgh 5 ; Ebeneaer, 8. Lodbawanna— Mt. 
Pleasant, 1. ZeAt^A^ Baxleton, 80 49; Summit Hill, 

7 91; Philadelphia--Fhna, , 9th,10 S»-Tabernacle, 80 29 ; 
Tabernacle sab-sch., 99 57— Bethlehem, 98 60— Olivet 
sab-sch., 9 68. Philadelphia North— Atoingion. 80 60 ; 
Carmel, 9; Fox Chase, 10. PVe/sbur^A- Pittsburgh 2d, 

8 10 ; Pittsburgh 8d, 998 80-Esst Liberty, 59-Park Ave. 
16— Sbady Side, 18 tO ; Shady Side Sab-sch., 9. Redstone 
—Little Redstone, 8 18— Pleasant Unity, 9 20. Shenango 
— Sharpsville, 9 45. ITasitino/on- Cove. 9 96 ; Washing- 
ton, 8d, 14 16. TTeUsboro- Lawronceville, 4 ; Wesimin- 
«fer-61ateviUe, 5 ; York Calvary, 6 88. (66 91 

South Dakota.— Daitof a— Good Will, 4 80. 
TsimsssKE— -ft n o«f on— North Side, 4. Union— Knox- 
ville,2d,68 28. 67 98 

Wisconsin— lfi7tisuJI:«e—Delafie]d,l 89. 
Total from the churches and Sabbat h-ecbools 1 2,691 49 

Interest on Temporary Invest ment8»« 86 94 

Interest on Permanent Funds 488 48 

Paid in from Hasting's CoL Exdowment Fund 188 65 

PEKEONAL. 

Rev. W. L. Tarbert and wife, 1 60, "C. Penna" 6. 

A. J. Qeer, Hallstead, Pa., 1 8 60 

Total receipts for Pept.'and Oct. "99 $ 8,268 40 

Proviously reported 40,891 00 

To date $ 48,644 40 

C. M. Charnlxt, Dreaaurer, 
P. O. Box. 994, Chicago, His. 



RECEIPTS FOR EDUCATION, OCTOBER, 1809. 



ATLAKno—J*aiT:/7e2<i— Tabor, 2. 9 00 

Baltimorb. — Baltimore — Baltimore, 2d, 4 75 — Balti- 
more, Brown Memorial, 86 89 : Churchvllle. 1 40 ; High- 
land. 6. New Cb«t2e- Dover, 16: Oreen Hill, 5 60; New 
Gsstle 1st, (sab-sch, 8 06) 196 96 ; Pencader, 4 68 ; Port 
FiBim, 9 40. WaahingUm City-FallB Church, 19 ; Wash- 
ington City 6th, 9}— Wfishington City, Metropolitan, 60. 

840 08 



CALiroRNiA.— Ben/cto— Two Rocks, 19. Loa Angelas^ 
Pomona, 84. Sacramen to— Carson CHy, S; Elk Orove, 8 10. 
San Jo«e— Hollister, 9. C9 la 

Catawba.— /Sou ifc Virginia--Mt, Herman^l; Albright^. 

Colorado.— PouMer— Boulder 1st, i89; Valmont, 10 cts.. 
Denver— Littleton, 4. Pueblo— Al a m o sa^ 4 9S ; Colorado 
Springs, 7 76. 49 IQ 



1893.] 



Mttuaiion. 



71 



Illinois.— ^Ifon^ Litchfield, 5 81. Bloomington—JjpX' 
iDgton, 10 ; Minonk, 8 tO ; Normal, 4 86. O^fcai^o— Chic- 
ago I8t2l8 51— ChicBso7th,2; Chicago, FuUerton Arenue, 
85 83 ; Hyde Park, 88 10 ; Wheeling, Qerman, 0. Free- 
port— Scales Mound, German, 6 : Winnebago, 13 ; Zion, 
German, 9. Jfa/foon^Arcola, 5 ; Pleasant Prairie, 6 75. 
Ottawa — Aurora Ist, 10 67. Peoria — Knoxville, 6 88. 
Rock River— Moniaon, 70 SS ; Peniel, 8 SO. Schvyler— 
Appanoose, 10; Chili, 8 84; Monmouth, 18 88; Quincy, 1st, 
8 80. S^n^2d-Sprlngfleld8d, 66 84. 881 60 

Iin>iANA.— Ora«0/ord»wn0— CrawfordsTine Centre, 29 89; 
Lafayette, 8d, 2S 85. Fort Wayne— Fort Wayne 8d, 8; 
La Orange, 6 60. Jnd/anapoZit— Hopeirell, 4 94 ; Indian- 
apoUs 18th, 4 86; Roachdale, 8; Southport, 4 76. Logatw 
port— Crown Point, 8: Lucerne, 6. New A Ibany- Hanover, 
19 70; Lexington (Noble Chap. 1 60)4; Sharon Hill. 8 60. 
Fifncenne«— Poland, 6. white TTater^-Oreensburgh, 
S8 17. 146 65 

Iowa.— Odor /2aD/d«— Marion, 18 07 ; Wyoming Ist, 8. 
CbvnctZ £<u^«— Anaeraon, 8; Conway, 8; Ck>uncil Bluffs, 
1st, 2) 66; Hamburg, 8 SO; Sidn^, 6. De» JIbinM- Win- 
terset, 17. Dubugue— Waukon, GFierman, 60. FOrt Dodge 
—Dana, 6 40; Grand Junction, 8 90. lotMi — Fairfield, 
11 16; Keokuk, Westminster, 14 76 ; Martinsburir, 6 66. 
Iowa Ctfy— Marengo, 8 80. TTa/erloo— ClarksTUle, 10; 
Janesville, 4 60; SUmx Ot'ty— Larrabee, 8 66 ; Calliope, 4. 

190 64 

KA]isA8.—JE!miK>ria— Burlington. 8; Council Grove, 80; 
Eldorado, 10. Ifi^Atond— Hiawatha, 6; Holton. 1st, 18. 
^eosbo— Carlyle, 60 cts. Sotomon^ Clyde, 8 88; Ellsworth 
1st, 6 15. Tcitekar- Grand View Park, 5. 74 66 

KKMTTCKT.—JB&eneser— Palis, 7. 7 00 

MiCBiQAif.—Defrotf— Brighton, 4 Lake Superior— 
Menominee. 86. LanWnjy— Jackson, 8; Latw/np— Franklin 
Avenue, 9 10. ifonroe— Monroe, 10 85. Saginaw— QiTa,j' 
Ung. 8. 68 86 

MnnnEsoTA.— DifZufA^Duluth, Westminster, 4 48; Lake- 
aide, 16. iianlea/o-Balaton, 1. 8t. PtoiiZ— Oak Grove, 8; 
St. Paul. 9th, 8 07— House of Hope, 78 66. 104 06 

MissoiTBi.— Z^an«a« Ct'fy— Bich Hill, 9 40. Ozark— 
Springfield, Calvary, 19 81. Ptotfe— Cameron, 18; Craig, 
4; FalTfax, 4; Lathrqp, 4. 8t. Louie-De Soto, 6; St. 
CSbarles 1st, 18; — 8d German, 6. 74 61 

HKBRA8KA.—fiicu«noa— Hastings. German, 8. Kearney 
— Fullerton, 4 68. Nebra^a Cfty— Hickman, German, 
88 00. Omafto— Bellevue, 18: Fremont, 19 51; Omaha, Lowe 
Ave., 8 68. 70 86 

Nxw Jbbsxt.— JEZtJEoftet^— Cranford, 89 21; Elizabeth, 
2d, 48 08; — Westminster, 188 09; Lamington, IS; Metu- 
chen, 18; Phickamin sab-sch, 8 48; Roselle, 1st, 4; Spring- 
field, 14. Jerwy OCfy— Englewood, 86 89. MonmoviK" 
Calvary, 8; Forked River, 8; Jacksonville, 2; Moorestown, 6; 
Mount Holly, 88; Providence, 8; South Amboy, 8. Morri* 
and Oran^tf— Boonton. Ist, 88 68; Hillside, add'l, 10; Mad- 
ison, 6 86; New Providence, 6; Summit, Central. 106 84; 
Whlppany, 1; Newark— YiemBxk, 8d, 16 04; — 8d, 71 41; 

— 1st Qerman, 28; — Park. 6 91. New BrunnofcAe— Alex- 
andria, Ist, 7; Dayton, 8 68; Dutchneck, 4C: Holland, 6. 
JVeicton— Asbnry, 80; Belvldere, 8d, 18; Bldrttown (eat:- 
8(dL, 12 51) M 81; Newton, 40. West JerMv— Camden, 8d, 
8 70; Haddonfleld sab-Fch. 87 60. 928 46 

New ToRK.>.4Z6ani*-Ball8ton Centre, 6 18; Jefferson, Ist, 

7 77. j9£n||)kainion— Binghamton, 1st, 91 84; Nichols, 

8 60. &Mton— Boston, St. Andrews, 5; Cambridgeport, 
6 86; Windham, 6 15. .ProoUyi^— Edgiewater, 1st, 17; 
West New Brighton. Calvary, 17. £«imZo— Buffalo, Cen- 
tral, 80 86; Franklin viUe, Ist^ 4. CAemuni/- Wat kins, 
17 50. <?«neMi— Geneva, N<»th, 110 75; Seneca. 80 18. 
^ttdaon— Chester (sab-sch, 8) 87 16; Florida, 85 cts.; 
Goshen, 80 48; Hamptonburgh, 17; Middletown,8d, 88 88. 
Long Xfiomi- East Hampton, 20; Port Jefferson, 10 03. 
Lyons— Newark, Park, f; Wolcott, 1st, 6 90. New York— 
Vem York, 4th, 49 86; — Central, 177 98; — Spring Street. 
10. JVtoocu'a— Albion, 11 85. North IKver- Bethlehem, 
7; Highland Falls. 6 61; Marlborough, €1 10; Pleasant 
Plains, 4. OttecM>— Gilbertsville, 28: Ooeonta, 40. Rochee- 
<er— Rochester, 1st, 88 04; — Brick. 50. St. Lawrence— 
HenveltoB, 8; Ox Bow, 6 60. ^3teu6en— Addison, 10 11; 
Arkport, 1 11. Slvracuae—Skaneateles, 6 81. Troy—Av' 
gyle, 8; Jc^msonvlUe, 1 66; Troy, Oakwood Avenue, 10 84; 

— Second Street, 96 18: — Woodside, 41 91. (7efca— Wol- 
cott Memorial, 1*1. Weetcheeter—^oaih East Centre, 11; 
South Salem, 14 60; Yonkers, Westminster. 20 45. 

1170 89 
Omo.— CftifiicotAe— Balnbridge, 8. Cincintuifi- Cincin- 
nati 7th, 17 75; Clifton, 10 88 ; Delhi, 8 60 ; Monroe, 8: 
Montgoinenr, 8 ; New Richmond, 4. CoIum6ii«— Central 
OtOege, 18 4S ; Columbus Ist, 75. Dayton- Bat h 8 ; Day ; 
ton Irt, 87 48 ; New Carlisle, 8 ; Osborn, 8; South Charles- 
ton, 10. L<ma— Blanchard, 9 ; Delphos, 8 ; McComb, 9 ; 
Yan Wert, 83. J/oAoninff— Hanover, 6 80 ; Massillon, 2d. 
88 88; North Jackson, 4. ifarfoti— Delaware, 81 ; Liberty, 
f; Pisgali,4. jrawmee— Toledo, 1st, 78 86; West Bethesda, 



5. Pbrtmumffc— Red Oak, 7. 8t> ClaireviUe-Buttalo, 
18 CO. Steubenville—Kast Springfield, 4 ; Steuben ville, 
1st, 86 80. TTooater— Ashland Ist, 7 88 ; Crrston, 8 68 ; 
Lexington, 9 ; OrrviUe, 8 ; Savannan, 8 80 ; Wooster, 1st,, 
(sab-sch, 4 51) 48 84. 581 61. 

VKKJUSYhYAmA.,— Allegheny— AHegheBY Central, 20 ;~ Mo» 
Clure Avenue, 87 89 ; Avalon. 6 ; Bellevue, 9 45 : Free- 
dom, 6 ; Glenfleld, 8 87 ; Hilands, 18 60 : Leetsdale, 66 08; 
Pine Creek, Ist, 10 ; Rochester. 1 10 ; Van Port, 

8 85. BlaireviVe^KnrrjtviUey 6; Plum Creek, 5; 
Unity, 16 25. Butler— Concord, 8 71; Plain Grove, 9. 
CaWiale— Big Spring, 88 86; McConnellsburgh, 8 66 ; 
Meroersburgn, 18 68; Silver Spring, 6 ; Waynesboro, 8 66. 
CKe«ter— Christiana, 8 68; Kennett Square, 5; Ridley 
Park. 4 78; Wayne, 48. CZoWon^Brockway ville, 5 66; 
Edenburg. 86; Greenville, 8; Mount Tabor, 6 98; Oil City, 
2d, 5: Wilcox. 28 cts. i^'e— Bradford, 88 08, Erie, Chest- 
nut Street, 8; Fairview, 4, Garland, 7 81: Hadley, ?; Oil 
City, 1st, 87 08; Pittsfield, 4 05; Springfield, 8; Warren, ICO; 
Watoioo, 1. Httfifttiodocc— Altoona, 1st, 26 23; Houtcr 
dale, 6; Milesburgh, 6 88; Moshannon and Snow Shoe. 8; 
Orfoisonia, 18 41 ; Penfleid, 6; Petersburg, 4 80. Laetrcb' 
wanna— Bethany, 8 90; Carbondale, 68 TS; Great Bend» 
5: Hawley, lst,9; Herrick,6; Kingston, 88 66; Langdyffe, 
6C; Monroeton, 8; Towanda, 64 44. Lehighr-Betblehem, 
1st, 80 27, Pottsville. 1st, 28 95; South Bethlehem, 8. 
Northumberland— BM Eagle and Nittsny, 5 08; Beech 
Creek, 8, Berwick, 10; Dei^, 4 60; Hartleton, 4; Lewis- 
burg, 86 60; Mahonitog. 58 77; Milton, 70; Mount Carmel, 
15 TO; New Cohunbia. 2; Wtlliamsporti 8d. 88 07. PhUa- 
delpAia— Philadelphia 8d, 184 85;-9th, 60;— Evangel, 22— 
Scuth, 15;— Walnut Street, sab-sch (Elm Ave Branch, 8 04 
cU) 48 04;— Green Hill, 81 M^-North Broad Street. 40; — 
—Tioga. 80 71. P^iladetpfc/a^ort^- Bristol, 10; Carvers- 
viUe,! 71; Doylestown, 46 47: Fox Chase, 9; Roxborough, 

6. Pittaburgh — Cannonsburgh Central, 7 75; — 
First, 11; CraftOD, 18; Fairview, 8; Forest Grove 
Lad's Branch, 9 60; Ingram. 10; McKee*s Rocks, 6 10^ 
Mingo, 4: Montours, 7; Mount Pia«ah, 10; Oakmont 9; 
PittsbuiYfa, 8d,6 75:— 4th, 40 88;— 6th, 48 60;— McCandless 
Ave, 7 10;— East Liberty, 71;— Grace Memorial. 8:— Law- 
renceville, 86 88;— Park Avenue. 88 60;— Shady S{de,7 60 ; 
Swissvale, 86 08; West Elizabeth, 6. i2«d«tone— Dunbar, 
26; Mount Vernon, 6; Scotdale (sab-sch, 868)14. Shen- 
anpo— Moravia,4; Pulaski, 8 45: Sharon 1st, 19; Wampum, 

9 SO; Unity 8. TTaafc^ttoicn-Hookst own, 7: Limestone, 
8 50; Wheeling, 8d; 80 58. WeUsboro—Allegeinj, 1. Weet- 
mintter—Midaie Octorara. 5; Strasburgh, 6; t7nion, 86. 

2815 80 
South Dakota.— Central DoXrofa— Woonsocket, Ist; 

8 60. 8 6<V 

TiEinfKS8EB.—l7nton— New Providence, 10 09; Washing-- 

ton, 8. 18 09> 

Utab.— l7/a^— Ephraim, 2; Manti, 1st, 4. 6 00' 

WisooM8iM.—afoat«on— Pulaski, German, 8. TTt'nne- 

6a0o— Weyauwega, 8 84. 10 84^ 

Receipts from churohes in October, 1892 $ 107 57' 

" Sabbath-Schools. 6,899 79. 

Total, 96,507 8ar 



LBOACT. 



Estate of Hugh Mearns, S141 50, Estate of 
Margaret J. Boudeman, Danville, Pa., $ 869 26. 



4C0 7& 



XNCOMB ACXX>T7]4T. 



105; 48; 90; 844 00 



GRATITUDX FUKD. 



10; 1; 20; 86;. 



BBFUNDED. 



Rev. W. L. Iorle;86;. 



6609 



86 00 



MiaCBLLANXOUB. 

A. J. Gere, 1; C. Penna., 8; 8 00 

Total receipto in October, 1862 $7,886 CO 

Total receipts from April 16, 1808 68,896 02 

Jacob Wilson, Treaeurer, 

1884 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia^ 



72 



Foreign Missions. 



{JantLan/j 



RKOEIFTS FOB FORKIGN MISSIONS, OCTOBER. 1892. 



ATLAima— Fairfield.— Qood Will, 8; Tabor, 2. 4 00 

Balumors— Baltimore— Baltimore 8d, M 61 ; Highland, 
8: Paradise 10. New Castle — Vf est Nottingham, Si; 
Wilmhigton Olivet T. P. S. C. E., 10: W^ingtim— 
Washington Metropolitan, 60; — North, Youth's Miss. 
Socy, 15. 181 61 

Catawba,— Sout^ Ftrg^nto— Albright, 1; Mt. Hermon, 
1. 2 00 

C!oLOBADO.~BoiAkfer— Longmont T. P. 6. C. B , 4 7S; 
Valmont, 66 cts. Z>env«r— Denver, North sab-sch,* 8 86; 
Valverde * 85 cts; — (sab-sch. 66 cts ) OunniMm^-Qxumi- 
son sab-Bch, 8. Pue&Zo— Monte Vista, 64. 75 67 

Illinois — Alton — CarUnviile, 8; Greenville, 10; Noko- 
mis, 4 25; Pialnview.* 7 20; ^Raymond, 7 28: Salem Ger- 
man,* 10 10; Sparta, 10; Woodbum German.* 11 65; Zion, 
German.* 4 70. jStoommaton- Clinton,* 8d; Cooksville, 
18 88: Elm Grove,* 2; Hoopeston.* 7,75; Minonk.* 15; 
Pontiac Y. P. 8. C. E., 16; Waynesville, * 14 60. Cairo— 
Dubois,* 2: Du Quoin,* 21 75; Equality, 1; Fairfield, 8; * 
sab-sch* 80 cts.; Mount Carmel,*20; (—sab-sch.* 91; 
Nashville,* 6 75; Olney * 21. Chicago— Chicago, 1st, ftT- 
60; —3d, 180; —3th,* 06; —6th, 485 01; —10th, 2P; — Co- 
venant, Y. P. F. M. Soc*y, 66 67: — Jefferson Park, 70: 
Deerfleld,* 18 05; Du Page,* 33 75; Hyde Park, 164 88; 
Itaska, 2; Joliet Central,* 160 16; New Hope, 88 04; sab- 
sch., 1 28; Riverside.* 5 25; Waukegan,* 10 Freeport— 
Galena. 1st,* 21 25; Marengo* 80; Middle Creek,* 12 60; 
Queen Anne German, 5; Woodstock,* 7 2). Mattoon-' 
Pana, 1.80 : Paris, 25. Oftotoo— Aurora, 80 40; *sab sch, 
30; Morris.* 20. Pleoria-Brimfleld 1; Canton, Y. P. S. 
C. E., 10 50; Deer Creek, 6 aS; sab-sch, 69 cts; Elmwood,* 
9: Farmington,* 12 50; Ipava, Y. P. S. C E., 9 10 ; Peo- 
ria, Ist,* 79 48: — Grace, Y. P. 8. C. E., 9.50 ; Prospect, 
85 61. Rock River^Alhany,* 8.96: Ashton,* 8; Buffalo 
Prairie,* 5; Coal Valley, 4: Franklin Grove,* 9 61; Garden 
Plain 22.5P; Geneseo.* 10 75; Milan, 10; Newton, 24 85; 
Norwood,* 15 50: Pleasant Ridge. 1 05; sab-sch. 1.50; 
Sterling, Y. P. S. C. E , 15 27. ^^uy2^— Augusta sab- 
sch, 10; Brooklyn, f; Burton Memorial, 15; Carthage, 
1112; sab-sch, 2 83; Clayton, Y. P. S. C. E. salary J. N. 
Hyde, 10; Ellington. Memorial,*f; — (L. Aid Society, 8 45:) 
Kirkwood, Y. P. S. C. E.. 14; Monmouth, 74 OC; Mount 
Sterling, 70 80 ; Y. P. S. C. E , 31 60 ; — * 11 09 ; Oquaw- 
ka,* 11.57; Quincy, 1st, 14 52; Maroa, 15 40; Spriuftfleld. 
1st. Y. M. Soc'y, 25 50 ; — 2d, 196,87. 2,556 58 

Indiana — Orau7/ord«t;i72«— Hopewell W. M. Soc , »10; 
lAfayette 2d, 133. Fort Wayne— Fort Wayne. 3d, 86 87. 
ix>sran«por£— Lucerne, 5 25. New Albany— CtArleetown, 
6; Madison, 1st, sab-sch, 45 11; Monroe, 11; Mount Leba- 
non, 6 : Smyrna, 5. Fi'ncenne*— Petersburg Y. P. 8. C. E., 
6. White TTatcr- Connersville, German, 6 94; L. M. 8., 
8 06; Liberty sab sch, 8 2); Y. P. 8. C. E., 6 36. 281 18 
Indian TBiuirroBT.— Cherokee Nation — Fort Gibson 
• Whatsoever " Soc., 6. CAtcJlMMato-Guthrie,.4 25. Cfiock- 
<ato— Wheelock sab-sch, colored, 8. 12 25 

lowA.— Cedar itopufff —Blairstown sab-sch. 2; Y. P. 8. 
C. B , 3; Cedar Rapids 2d 62 77;— 8d sab-sch. 17 59; Clin- 
ton, Y. P. 8. C. E., 5 42. Council Bluffs— Atton, 10; sab- 
sch. 4 00; Coming, 15 50: Lenox sab-sch, 2 96. Des 
if oira«A— Dallas Centre sab-sch, 9; Des Moines, West- 
minster Y. P. 8. C. E., 10; Newton sab-sch, 3 94. DtUntqus 
—Rowley, 2; Waukon, German, 40 50. /otoo— Keokuk, 
Westminster, 45 82; Martinsburg sab-sch. 6 67; Mt. Oli- 
vet Y. P. S. C. E., 9 60. loum City— La Claire, 1 50; 
Mount Union, 2; Princeton, 5. Sioux City- Cherokee, 
41; Cleghom, 7 77; Merlden, 4 88. TTafer/oo— Marshall- 
town, W. B., 10; West Friesland German, 10. 881 67 
Kansas.- HtoUand-Clifton. 14 75; Holton, 1st, 16 94. 
Larned— Hutchinson Y. P. 8. C E., 8 05; Lamed, " Band 
of Workers " 8 76; Spearville, 18 87. iVecuAo— Carlyle, 
8 88; Central City, 1 77; Chanute Y. P. S. C. E., *3 14; 
Fort Scott, 1st sab-sch, 4 85; Paola Y. P. 8. C. E., Native 

?reacher, 12 53. Solomon- Culver, 16; Glasco. 9 80. 
bpeibo^Lawrence Y. P. 8. C. E.. *10: Leavenworth, 281; 
sab-sch, 80;— Y. P. 8. C. E.. *S0 CO; Vineland sab-sch, 23; 
K. C. Central Y. P. 8. C. E., 3 75:— Western Highlands, 
4 93;-sab-sch., 2 98;-Y. P. 8. C. E;, 7. 499 01 

Kbntuckt.— Lout:»tr/2fo— Hodgensville, 1 40. 1 40 

MioHioAN.—F/in^— Lapeer, 12 54; Marlette, Ist, *4 06 
Grand fiapid«— Grand Rapids Westminster Y. P. Assoc, 
salary of w. J. Drummona, 18 75; Montague sab-sch. *iO; 
—sab-sch, 6 95. Lake Superior -Iron Mountain, 3 04; 
Marzuette. 5; Rec Jacket, 7 31; Negaunee, 11 51; Ish- 

rmning, 14 10; Escanaba, 12; Redeemer, IS; St. Ignace, 
51: Sault St. Marie, 29 23. ifonroe— Clavton, 4 86. 
8ai7»nai0— Gray ling, sab-sch, 8; Ithaca, 10; Lafayette and 
Emerson, 63. 873 77 

MiNNisoTA.- I>uIu^A— Duluth 1st, 90; Hinckley, 9 SO; 
Two Harbors sab-sch. 8 60. St. Plaid— Red Wing Y. P. 8. 
C. E., 17 83; St. Paul, Central, 45 08; — House of Hope, 
840 14. Win<ma-Cheater, 5 40. 620 49 



Missouri.— JTaTWO* CiYy— Appleton City, 7 00 (sab-sch, 
8 17). OzarJk— Brest, 4. Pa/mym— Brookfleld, II 5a 
Platte— Craig, 8; Gallatin, debt, 8; Weston, 1. St. Louis 
—Nazareth. German, 10;— L. M. S., IC; Salem, German. 
IC; St. Louis 2d German, 7;— Cote Brilliante, Y. P. 8. C. 
E., 18 90. 89 57 

NKBRA8KA.—Ha«fin9«— Hastings German, 8. Kearney 
—Oak Creek German, 5; Culbertson, 8; Shelton, 6 50. A'e- 
braska Cify^Hickman German, 9 50 : Plattsmouth Gei> 
man, 1 50; — sab-sch, 1 50; Niobrara — Wakefield I. 
OmoAa— Bellevue,* 10 60; Omaha, 8d,* 10 87;— Lowe Ave. 
Y.P. 8. C. E,8 56. 64 98 

Nkw Jkb&ky,— Elizabeth— CrsjitoTd, 9 67; Westminster 
sab-sch.* 7 15; Plainfleld, Crescent Ave. 268 38; Roselle, 
8540. Jersey City— Carlstadt German, 8; Englewood, <S9- 
09; Jersey City 1st, 89 12; Passaic German 5; WestHobo- 
ken,20. jifonmouf A— Cranbury 2d, 31 43; Jamesburgh Y.P. 
8. C. E*8; Mount HoUy sab-sch.* 15 59; Oceauc sab- 
sch.* 11. Morris and Oranipe— Chatham 177 43; Essi 
Orange, Brick, 4:2 96 ; Madison. 58 93: Morristown South 
Street sab-sch. Miss. Socty, salary of F. G. Coan, 118 60. 
New Vernon, sab-sch, for J. N. Hayes, 8r ; Rockaway Y. 
P. 8. C. E., 6 Oe; Schooley's Mountain, 46: South Orange 
Trinity, 88 76; Summit Central, H2 08; Whippany, 18 84. 
^etoarJic-Bloomfleld 1st, sab-sch. for Syria, 100; Cald- 
well, salary. Wm. A. Lane, 820: Montdair Trinity, salary, 
A. C. Good, 100; Newark 8d, 80 CO: - Park, 36 44; — 
Woodside, 82; — 5th Avenue sab-sck, ** Truth HiJl,'* 
15 00. New Brunsvn'ck—Boand Brook, 40; Dayton, 18 69; 
New Brunswick 1st, Y. P. 8. C. E., 6 76; Trenton, Pros- 
pect Street, 88. iNTeioton— Belviderelst, 60; La Fayette, 
8; Yellow Frame, 8. 3080 21 

New Mexico.— ^to Orande — Las Cnices Spanish, 1 ; 
Socorro Spanish, 8. 4 00 

Nbw York.— ^26any- Albany 6th, Y. P. S. C. E.. 15; 
Esperance sab sch., 8; Saratoga Springs 2d,* 50; Ste^- 
entown, 8 50. fiinyhamf on — Binghamton 1st, 826 »; 
Whitney's Point, 10 78. Boston — South Ryegate, 
20. Brooklyn— BrooVXyix Central, 7?; EastWlUlamsbiuig* 
German, 5; — South 3d Street, 27 13. BuiTaZo— Buffalo, 
Bethany, 64; — North, 103 52; — sab-sch.* 15 68; West- 
minster, 87 67; Clarence,* 8 28; Glenwood sab- 
sch.,* 2; Clean, Y. P. 8. C. E., 2); United Mission, 10. 
C^mptotn— Belmont, 29. Columbto — Catskill, 12 04; 
Windham. 55. Qenesee—lAvoy sab-sch., 80 51. Geneva 
—Ovid, 180 30; Seneca Falls. W 75: — Boys' Band, 16 60. 
Hudaon— Chester sab-sch., 81 68; Florida, 5 61 ; Middle- 
town 2d, 59 78. Long /«/and— Amagansett,* 4: Bridge- 
hampton, 28 19; East Hampton, 85 72; FranklinviUe, 
11 50; West Hampton, 64 28. JVbssaii— Babylon Y. P. 8. 
C. E., 28 50; Hempstead. Christ Church Y. P. S. C E., 
8 82. New For*:- New York 1st Union, 46 41; — Ouial 
Street, 20; — East Harlem Y. P. 8. C. E., 5; — Phillips 
sab-sch.,* 60; — Spring Street, 75; — Zion, German, sab- 
sch., 10. Mooara— Albion. 56 25; Lewiston, 10; Lock- 
port 1st, Y. P. 8. C. E., support of Miss Murray, 80 45; 
Youngstown sab-sch, 7 7l. North fiiver— Bethlehem, 
28; Newburgh Calvary, 10 45; Pleasant Plains, Y. P. S. 
C. E..85; Rondout. 110 If; —sab-sch., 18 80. Otsego— 
Cooperstown 103 12. i?oc/i««fer— Caledonia. -82 68; Og- 
den Y. P. 8. C. E.. 29; Rochester Brick, 835; — West- 
minster.* 75. St. Iiatorence— Chaumont sab-sch., 5 09; 
Sackett's Harbor Y. P. 8. C. E., 11 66. ^et46en— Ark- 
port, 7 12\ — sab-sch., 3 00. TVoy— Green Island 10. 
C7<ica— Forest, 7 32. Westchester— Xisixiea* 10 50; —  
sab-sch. 10 50. 9496 88 

North Dakota.— FVxroo—Durbln, 1; Fargo sab-sdi,* 

5 68; Lisbon Y. P. 8. C. E.. 8 91 ;Mapleton, 5. 80 54 
OBiQ.—BeUefontaine-BeWe Centre, 5. ChiUieothe— 

Waverly, 8. Ct'nctnna/t— Glendale, 70; Lebanon, IF; 
Madisonville, 8 55. Cfevetond— Cleveland 1st, Enoma D. 
Freeman. 609; Cleveland Ut, Mrs. Flora 8. Mather, 1000; 
Cleveland, Case Avenue, salary of J. H. Young, 860 ; 
Cleveland, Woodland Avenue, salary of D. L. Glffora, 850. 
CoIumlnM.— Central College, 80 ; Columbus, Broad Street, 

6 61. Dayfon.— Dayton Memorial Y. P. S. C. E., 7 10; 
Dayton Park Y. P. 8. C. E., 3 76; Seven Mile sab-sch,* 
8 86; Troy, 10. Huron.— Fostoria, 88. Lima— Mount 
Jefferson, 18 60; St. Mary's Y. P. 8. C. E., 10; Turtle 
Creek, 7. ifaAonJti(^MasFillon Y. P. 8. C. E., 10 80: New 
Lisbon, 17 ; New Lisbon. *17 60 ; Warren Y. P. 8. O. E., 
6. Marion — Ostrander sab-sch, 2 60 ; Ostrander 
Mrs. 8. J. Flanagan, 100; Providence, 1; West Berlin, 
8 08. ifaumee— Antwerp, 2 St, ClairsviUe—BeHsJre 
1st, Y. P. 8. C. E.,80. ^eii/>«nvai«-Corinth, 65; East 
Liverpool Ist Mr. and Mrs. 8. H. Porter, 26 76 ; New 
Hagerstown Debt. 8 80 ; New Hagerstown sab-sch, 
10 ra : New Harrisburg, 10; Pleasant HiU. 1 85; Welto- 
ville Y. P. 8. C. E., 86. IFeo«/er— Apple Creek, 47; Woos- 
ter, Westminster, 106 88. ZanemUe-^Keene sab^^ 
10; Newark, Salem, German, 1. 9001 88 



1893.] 



Freedmen. 



78 



Pacitio.— j^enicio—Fulton, 8 SO; Healdsburgh, 5 86. 
Ij09 ^nye2«»— FQlmore, 5; Olendale, 10; Grandyiew T. P- 
8. C. E., 4 45; Qraham Hem*l, 80 85; Hueneme, 100; Hon. 
tloeUx 1 ; Ponoma Y. P. B. C. E., 10; WestmiDster, 5. 
^an Jote— HolUster, 5: Las Oatoe Bab-Bch, 9. Stockifm— 
Fowler Y. P. S. C. B., 7 80. 301 46 

Pknnstlvakia.— BtoirsvtOe— Irwhi, ♦lO 66; Unity, chll- 
<lrep, 9 10. Btttler—mddleaex sab-sch. Infant Dep't^ 80; 
Plain Grore, 84. Carliale^Big Spring, 19 14; Dauphin 
Y. P. 8. C. E., 10 40; Harriaburgh, Pine Street, 440 89; 
Wajnesboro, 34 06: Wells Valley, 8 60. Chester— Bryn 
Mawr, Salary Dr. Warless and Mr. Fulton, K2 50; Fafr- 
^iew, 14; Media, 264 18; Middletown Y. P. B. C. E., 15; 
Oxford, Ist, 11 86. C/arton— Dubois, 88 64; East Brady, 
*9; Edenburg, 60; Emlenton sab-sch, •H 64; Oil City, 2d, 
7: Wilcox, 1 84. iWe— Cool Sprine, Mrs. R. Tait. 7 80; 
Fredonia, 8 98; Mount Pleasant, 6 16. Huntinffdtm— 
Birmingham, Warrior's Main Chpl, 18 87; Cum-ensville, 
27 M; Newton Hamilton Y. P. S. C. E., 6. Kitiannivg 
—Rural Valley, 6. ixidbaiMinna- Carbondale, 1C2 60;— 
Y. P. S. C. E., 86; Hawley Y. P. 8. C. E., 8 87; Monroeton, 
18; Nicholson Y. P. 8. a E., 6: Plains, *10 81; -sab-sch, 
^4 85; Towandasab-ach, 88 60; Wllkes-Barre, Ist, 218 41; 
E. B. Sturges, Scranton, salaiy Dr. Johnson. 800. Lehigh— 
Allen Township sab-sch, for Ningpo, 88; Easton, 1st sab- 
ach, for Ningpo. 50; — 8d sab-sch, for Ningpo, 7 97; — Oli- 
vet sab-sch for Ningpo, 16 60; Haxleton sab sch for 
Ningpo, 87 68 : — sab-sch. •dl 74; Mauch Chunk sab-sch, 
for Ningpo, 40; Mountain, 18 09; Port Oarbon sab-sch. 
for Ningpo. 8)* Pottsrille, 1st sab-schfor Ningpo, 19 88; 
— 8d sab-sch for Ningpo, 85; South Bethlehem sab-sch 
for Ningpo. 5; — sab sch, *19 15; Stroudsburg sab-sch for 
Ningpo), 86 18; Summit HiU 8ab4ch, 48 66; White Haven 
Y. P. 8. C. E., salarr of W. J. Drummond. 81 ; *' Cash'' for 
Ningpo, 6 48. Northumberland— B^ld Eagle and Nittany 
aab4ch, 6; Mahoning, H. M. Hinckl^, 85; Mount Carmel, 
6 80. Ffct'tadetpAto— Philadelphia, W. Spmce St., salary 
of J. L. Nerius, 150. — Philadelphia Oohoksink sab-sch, 
*15 10;— Gaston sab-sch. 8679;— West Hope, 27. Philadd- 
pJiia iVbrfA-Abington. 6876: Chestnut Hill, Trinity, 149 66; 
rrankford Y. P. S7 0. E., 8 69; Germantown, Union Sum- 
mer Eye Services, 181 98; Hermon, *i6 86; Jenkintown, 
Oraoe, 6 25; Norrlstown, 1st. Salary J B. Ayres and Wm. 
H. Lingle. 600; WIssinoming, 10. Pittstmrgh—Oakdale, 
285; Pittsburgh, 8d, Y. P. 8. O, E., 85: - 8d, 44 65; — 6ih 
Y. P. 8. C. E., 15; — East Liberty, 198 (sab-sch, 100); — 
Park Avenue, 90; — Park Avenue. N. MiJhoIIand, 5; Rac- 
•coon, 60 48 (sab-sch, 6 85); Shady Side sab-sch. 49 60. 
l?edfton«— Laurel HiU, 47 69; McKeesport. Special, 160; 
Sound Hill, 88. SAenonoo— Little Beaver, 464; Mahoning, 
14; Mount Pleasant sab-sch, 80 11. Washington— Weet 
Alexander sab-sch, •i 85. ire8tm<n«/er— Chestnut Level 
T. P. 8. C. E.. 9. 6,088 96 

South Dakota.- ^6ertieeii— Britton. 10; Central Dor 
Jboto— White, 8 80. Southern iXiitota— Scotland, 6 50. 

80 80 

TKHmBSSBB.— Union— Spring Place, Y. P. 8. C. E. 8. 

800 

TMXAS.^AuBtin—AxuiiD, Ist, sab sch., ^6. 5 00 

Utah.— Jlontono— Boulder, 86 ; Bozeman, Y. P. 8. C. E. 
16 88; Granite, 6c. a week, 10. C7to^— Evanston, *6. 

67 88 

Washihotok.- PuoefStmnd- Pt. Townsend Bay, 1 00. 
Waila IFoUa— LewUton, Ist, * 5 00. 6 00 

WtsooKSiH.— ixs Cyosse— Greenwood, 7. Ifad/ton— Bar- 
«boo, sab4ch. 8 89 ; His'bland. German, 4 ; Pulaski, 
German, 0. lAZiooulcee— Delafleld, 10 ; Delafleld Girl's 
Band. 8 . Ottawa, 8 86 ; Stone Bank, 6 08. Winnebago 
— HeiTll], East Side, 8 82. 8611 

WOMAX'S BOABnS. 

Woman*s Board of N. W., 8.444 89 ; Wo- 
man'^ Board of New York, 4,688 47 ; Wo- 



man's Board of North Pacific, 5«8 51 ; Wo- 
man's Board of Philadelphia, 8,895 64 ; Wo- 
man's Board of NoHhem New York, 646 85 ; 
Occidental Board, 1,108 75 $18,869 61 



UBOACIBS. 

Estate of Margeret Bodeman, dec'd, 684 86; 
Estate of James Wood,dec'd, 48 76; Estate 
of Elizabeth Rogers, decM, 100; Estate of 
John McLain, decM, 640 87 ; Estate of Elijah 
DeWitt, dec'd, 600 ; Estate of Hugh Meams, 
dec'd, 141 60; Estate of Benjamin Darlington, 
dec'd, lUOO; EsUte of Sarah Warner, dec'd, 600.$ 8469 88 

MISCBLLANXOUS. 

** A beUever in Missions, Pitts, Pa.," Salary of 
G. A, Godduhn, 800; Students of Parson's 
College, support of W. G. McClure, 58 00 ; . 
Rev. William Adams, N. Y.. 60 00 ; Geo. S. 
Hayes, Chefoo, China, 40 00; Rev. E. P. Robin- 
son, Orchard Park, N. Y., 1) 00 ; Rachel C. 
Crawford. 60 00 ; A J, Gere, Halsted, Pa., 
8 00 ; A. M. T., 8 00 ; Mr. J. Hill, 66 00 ; G. 
W. Seller, 8 00 ; "A friend," 150 00 ; E. Sterl- 
ing Ely, 806 18 ; Miss. N. C. Gaston, Munns- 
vllle. N. Y., For Lomis MerriL 4 00 ; Meeting 
of Nebraska SUte Synod, 18 00 ; Rev. W. W. 
A., 60 00 ; Miss Clarke, 6 00 ; Isaac Miller, 
Wyoming. Neb., work under Mr. Famham, 
i:9 00 ; Mrs. G. B. Huelbert. St. John's, Ore., 
8 00 ; A. P. Logan, support of Ling Ki Yuen, 
5 00 ; Mrs. M. J. Quigley and daughter, Dor- 
chester. 111.. *l 00; Mrs. Julia H. Davis, Wat- 
kins. N. Y., 6 00; A Porter and wife, Petoskey, 
Mich., 10 00 ; Rev. and Mrs. R. C. Townsend, 
Tipton, la., 6 00 ; Sam'l B. Turner. Quincy. 
Ills., 100 00 ; "O. P. N.." 60 00 ; StudenUof 
McCormick Theological Seminary, Support 
of T. A. Brashear, 122 66 ; Rev. G. Qilles- 

£ie, Dallas, Ore.. 10 00 ; Isaac Miller, Wyom- 
ig. Neb, 500: Rev. F. B. Perry, 10 cents; 
Mrs. H. N. LaRue, Marietta, O. 8 00 ; Jno. H. 
Bloem, LeRoy, Neb., 2 60 ; Rev. H. K. Bu8h> 
nell, Hastings. Neb , native preacher, 147 00; 
**C. Penna.," 88 00; A professed disciple, 
Perth Amboy, N. J., 70 cents ; Rev. H. N. 
Walker, Marseilles, O., 10 00 ; Oopalpo. 
Church. Chili, 87 80 ; Missionary SocV- of 
Tung Chow College, 5 66 ; Rev. John N. For- 
man, India, 80 00 ; Mrs. DeHeer, Gaboon, in 
memory of Rev. C. DeHeer, 10 00 ; Mrs. 
Reutlinger, Gaboon, in memory of Rev. C. 
DeHeer, 6 00 ; From U. P. Church, New Cal- 
ifornia, Ohio, for West Persia, .17 68 ; John 
Mason, Stone Bank, Wis., 10 00 ; A Christian 
Scientist, Marquette, Mich., 6 00; Sam'l Stew- 
art, Ottawa, wis., 1 00; Rev. E. P. Dunlap, 6 00; 
Mrs. Joseph McDermott, Summit HilL Pa., 
1 00 ; Atlanta, (Ga.,) 4th Presch., 6 00 

Total Amount received during Oct., 1892 $ 48,182 88 

Total Receipts from May 1, 1898, to Oct., 80, 

„1898 181.818 48 

Total Receipts from May 1, 1891, to Oct., 80, 1801. 188,909 68 

William Dulles, Jh,, 2Veo«irer, 

68 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 



^ Offering on Columbus Day for Foreign Missions on 
the Western Hemisphere. 



B1B0BIPT8 FOB FBEBDMBN, OCTOBER, 1808. 



ATLAimo.— J^ir/Ield— Ladlson. 8; Tabor, 8. 4 00 

BAuriMOiia. — Baltimore — Baltimore 8d, 8 40. New 
OMfle— Pencader, 4 70. Waahingion C<ty^ Washington 
Assembly 10. 89 10 

Catawba.— StmfA Flrx^nto— Holbrook Street, 2. 8 00 
Colorado.— Boulder— Valmont, lOcts. Z>enver— Little- 
ton, 8. PueUo— Durango 6. 9 lo 
IixofoiB.— j4/fon— Carlinville, 8. j^Ioomin^fon- Lex- 
ington, 5. dk/co^o— Chicago 1st, 41 86; — Covenant 6; 
Itaska, 8. Fyeefort — RidgeAeM, 6 44. iVon'a- Peoria 
lat, 1. Boek INiwr— Geneseo, 1 60: Sterling sab-sch., 4 81 ; 
ScAHyier— Monmouth, 14 84; Quincy 1st, 8 80. Spring- 
Ifeld-8prfngfle1d8d,84 60andl9 96(44 AS). 186 K) 
IxDLAH TiBRiroRT.— Cftoctoto— Wheelodc, sab-sch. col- 
■""7. 7 00 



Iowa.— Cedar Aapid<— Lyons, 8 40; Wyoming, 8* 
Council Bluffs — Woodbine. 8 80. Des Moines — Des 
Moines Westminster, 8 76. /oioa^Keokuk Westminster, 
6 74. 85 09 

Kansas.— ixsmed— Arlington, 8. Neosho -Qax^jle, 60 
cts. 8 60 

ksMTCCXT.— £6eneser— Lexington 2d, 817 60. 817 10 

MicHioAM.—i>0/roit— Brighton, 2. Latw^n^— Marshall, 
6 64. 7 64 

Minnesota.- ifanJtato— Balaton, 1; Wells, £6. St. 
Paid— St. Paul. House of Hope, 59 75 ; Stewart Mem- 
orial, 19 16 ; Oliver, 7 85. 118 15 

Missouri.- P/af/e— Lathrop, 8. St. Loui^—St. LouJa 
8d Gennan, 8; Webster Grove, 8 40; West St. Louis 46i 

58 40 



74 



Home JSissiota. 



nMBRiaKA—Setrra^n CTtv-BCDOett, T. T 00 

New JiHBET.—EliuttffA'Elluibeih Hvahkl! Strwt, 
» H; — Wt«1 minster, 17 SB; RdhUo, 4, Jirtv City- 
CsrlBUdt, Qemun, !; EnglewooA, 80 K; Jenej City lat, 
10; Jfonmovrh— Burlmgton. SS; Forked Blrer. S; Mooret- 
town, E; Soulh Amboy. 1, ttCTrU and Onanoa— Blllstde 
S; UadlHiD, S tt: UoiTlBtowii lot. (C, H. 9 ) nb-Kh.. M; 
— Bouth Street, ICT 06. ircuwrt-Hewuk Ed, IT 9C; — 
ld.U«I4i — Puk, TOG. SeieBnmtwfck—Daston.iti: 
TreotOD Ut, E34 W WHO 

N»w YoHC— ^Uan|r-~Voorhee«vliIp, g. BInghanlon— 
BlDghamtoo IN, H IS; Corllaiid, isg N>. foifon— New- 
b«U7port Id, lOt, Swffnto— Buffalo CenlraJ, IT SO; — 
" — —  — 'T, ig 9J. gjin»fB Wmtw, ST S(h Wjomlng 
"" 9«i«ea — Romaliv, ifl SI. Hudton^ 
'ew Fort—Hew York I4(h StKet. IS M; 
S SO M; — SpriDK Street, 10. motrora 



WMtmliuter, 11 



1 II: CvnpbcU, IS. arraewe — Wolcott, S 
OUnit,TOI. c'li'ra-tmtOD.Stm. 

North Dixvta.— Forgo— UkdMou S. 

OBID.~C<iic)nnaH— HsrtwelCS. Columbiu- 



GOOU 



M BO Lima -Bidnej, 



imtnu— Colambua, 



jio,— Son Jofc—EoUMer. >. 



Millie sd.g 40. iieie 



— HIsb HU], e ilS;^Ut. Z[c 

ifriDlItc—iauiTyBTllle. S. BtUltr- 

1 WublDKton wb-icb, IS ; Bcrub 

. Hb-acta, 14. CarlMe—mg Bpring, 

f; UpperPUtaVkller.B; W^yoMboro, 

, 8tP«*.478. Clarion— DuboU. it H: 

SdenburB.lIO; OllCltT ld.T; WtlcDx. IT eta. A'ie-Cool 
Bprlng.S 44:i:rlePu'k.lia;Ple(u«i]tvilIe, iSiBuid; L*k«, 
S. Huntlnpfon-UollJdsTBburKh, M M; Mount Unt<.n, IS 80. 
Kittsnnfnff- Elder's RldKO, 13 M; Freeport, IS U; Glmde 
Biui,eo0. LeMg\~^la.llafnoD. S. PKUatlelplila Ki-'^ 
Fox Chue, IO:Beniioii. 10. nffittiroA— Belbuii 
■ch, S fiT; Bethel, M M; PltUburgh 2d, B T6: — Eut 1 



Concord, 8 TO : . 

Grua, SO: Sunburv Hb-acta, 

IBM: Paz(oii,H SO: UpperPUtaValler.B; 1 , 

S ft4: CAeitct^RJdier Pail, 4 TS. Clarion— DuboU. IT H: 






[January, 



ub-wU^ 7 BO; 



tr, 48 : - Park Annua, »; - Sbtdj BKJe aab-K 

Point Breeie aab-acb. TG; Oakmont, 8. Srditon. 

DelUrllle «ab-ach, B S4. WaMkington-Cioa Creek. S. 
ICeUjboro— Allwhniir, I; Wellaboro. IS8S. ITrifmiiufn' 
— UnioD, SO. «*fl « 

BocTB Daeotjl.— Aberdeen— BraDtIord,Bab-icli, S. 



Total receipt! from churcbtB, 



Womao'a ExacutI 
*,BB1 CD ; " A. J. 
•■E. N. D." Foi 
I^maD/^ Oortlal 
Boclslr, Erie. Pi 
Ind., it DO ; Mn 
Pa., GO 00 : B. F 

110 GO i K. Sterlli ; 

•■C. Penna," B 00. t«.»0« BB 

Direct! Bent to Scotia, lat Cbuivb 6al>ach., 
HoDlcOalr, N. J., 100 00 ; Hln A. B. Holla- 
wood, 4S (0 , Uif . J.J. Lr gan, 5 00 ; Hra. Har- 
Hue Allen, GO 00 ; Walnut Street Pblta., Pa., 

Total, Dlrecl I «8 00 

Total rtodpta for Octolsr ««,»T T» 

Fravlouitr reported .«! ««» « 

Total recdpla to data |47.««ai 

Becripta dnriiiK correflmndlng period of '••'_^,„ ,, 

DeoreaaeoC  • 11,040 » 

J. T. QnaoH, i 



BEUEIFra FOB HOME MISSIONS, OCTOBEB, ISBt. 



— I^kelaod. a GO ; Oranee Bend, G : Winler Haien, Y, . . 

&C. E.. 7 40. 0! SD 

Baltikou -BoUiiR ore— Baltimore 3d, ll.BO ; — Hamp- 

'-n, at : Ctiurchiille, 14 80 ; Deer Cieek. Harmony lab- 



tactooClt]' HelropoUtaii, tS. ITB 41 

Cou»ADO.~-£ovU«t^Berthoud lat, 10 ; Kawllni (n,*>- 
■ah,UGB),4S 10; VBlmODt,tOctL Denwr^DecTerliydc 
Faih, 10 : South DsDver lat, lO ; Valrerde (aab-icb. 1 GO). 
0. Pueblo— l^ Veta, 4 10 ; Pueblo lat. 8» 31 ; Pueblo 
Fountain. B 1,0 ; Rocliy Ford lat, » ; Bouie. GO ; BilTsr 
Cliff lit aabach. 10. lEl IB 

Iu.ntoiB.— .4lton— CArllniUla, 8 ; Cheater (Klia Hamle 
Wheeley, S CI), a 61 ; LltchSetd aab-Bcb, G ; Bparta lat, 
31 7B. Cnlra-Eouallly, 1 ; MelropolU, 7 08. Cl.itaoo— 
Chica«oUI,B86u: -JetTei »-•- ^  .-- 



swood (ReT, C, b'. oAlete. ; 



i,°V«^ 



Bancroft. S BS: BurtG M:PomeroT,4 81; BockwellO^, 
]; Rolfe, lOGO. /owi'Keokuk WeatmlnHer, M ; Kirk- 

vUle, E ; Lebanon. 8 ; LibertyvUle Bp., S Tlj Hartlnabors 
■ab-acb, 8 67. Iinca Oilv— Blue Oraaa, 3 : Cotumbua Cen- 
tral (latHch. S } T G4; Hermon, SOOl luwa dty li 
T. Turner, S ; Nolo, 10 ; Scott, 16, Bimix City— p- 
Ut. Holland, G; Plymouth Co, G: Bac City li 
Union towMblp, 14 ; Woodbury Co., Wertm'r, 10, r.u«.- 
loo-CIariiaTllle. 6: Dowa,8; Dyaut, 1 ; Qrundy Centra 

Siab^ch, Its,] »: La Porte City, 40: UaraballlowD "W. 
l-'-lO; TamaCtty, 1 18 ; Toledo, 8 is ; Waterloo lat, JB; 
Weat Priealaud Qerman, S. 709 W 

KiXBAS— £mpoTt'a— Brainerd, 1 SO; Cedar Point, 4 HE; 
Cottonwood Falla. 3 TB : Floieoce, 1 1 B6 : Potwln, 3 01 : 
Walton. 4. tamed— Arlington, S ; Oalva. 3 GO ; lamti 
(Band of Worken, 4 TG, aabwh, 8 fl, ¥. P. S. C. E.. 8 00.^ 
K6 se ; Liberal, 18 : McPheraon, 40 ; Nesa dty, 8 : Koi- 
bury, B. fl'MjJio-Carlvle. 8 8GJ Fort Scott Irt. 8T 8&; 
Fulton, 1 81 : Humboldt, 1 77; KIncald. 1 IS; Bcammon, 
8; Bar. V. H. King and wife, 1 SB. (Mwme-Bow Creek, 
B ; CryMal Plalna,!!. 'So iom on— Concordia (»ab«h, S 4«.> 
87 M: Lincoln, IB : Hakat/', S; Mulberry Frrnt-b, 8TG; 
Rer. R. Arthur, 4 SB. TVnidni— Edgerlon, G : .Junctkn 
City (aab-ech, 10.) (Hard S«abble. ach Dteirict, 8.) 63; 
Kanbattan. 3B ; Perry (iiat-Bcb. I OS,) 3 04 ; Wame^ IB. 

MicHio«K.—ZV(Ti3it— Brighton. B; Ponllac let (sab-erh, 
II S8.) 104 64; SalIno.8B0; ypellanUlrt,»6 «. Flint— 
BrldEebampton, S ; Elk, 4; Huron, 1 80: Linden lab- 
acta. I 88 ; Banllac Centre. 3. Grand JSapW*— Qrand 
Raplda lat, 63 84: KontaRue lat. aab-ach, 6 A. Xotoma- 
aoo-Edwardaburgh, 8 IS ; Kendall. 10: Richland, 4B M. 
Loie Auwrtor-Ptckford. 10 ». i^anon^-BaiUe Cnek 
lat, 48: Homer aab«ch, B BG ; LansinK Franklin ATenur, 
18 01|HarabalI lat.ew. Honrve-Adrlan lal, 80; BU*» 
field. T; Palmyra, IS. Petotheu — Conway, 8: Lake City, 
S; Mackinaw Cltr, 8 BO: Petoaker, 81 G3. Saginavr—Kij 
City lat, 38 IB ; Saginaw Immanuel, B ; Weat Bay Cily 
OOTenact. 1 BO. 611 £4 

HiHHKaou — OulutA — Two Harbon, T; Tower, 10. 
Jfon.ta to -Balaton, 8 ; Island Lake. 8 ; Lyons, 1 sn, ^1. 
Paul— Crystal Bay. (; Dundaa, 1 6T; Lodk I.ake, 1; 
Hocaleeter, 4; Maple Plain. 6 SO; Hlaneapi^ Fnnklln 
Avenue and aab-ach, IS K: 6t Paul IMyton ATOiue. BS 88; 
— House of Hope, 190 TG. H'tnona— Canton, S; Benrr- 
towD, 8 S7; Laneaboro, 3. SSS 88 

MisaooKi-Kanui Cilir-Appleton City (sab-ach,  (A > 
T BB; OintOQ lit, 18; Kansas 6ty Id, ^ — HUl Memorial, 



1898.] 



Home Missions. 



7& 



6 ; HoDtrose, 6 ; Salt Spring, 10; Sunoy Bide, 2 76: War- 
aaw, 6 51 : Westfleld, S S5. Otark-JopYksk, 14 50; Madison, 8; 
ShUoh, S; Rey. J. I. Hughes, 5. Aitmyra— LaOranse sab- 
sch. 5 : Milan, 8 ; SuUivan Ist, 5. Pto Me-Albany Ist, 4 ; 
PancvUle Lakeside sab-sch, 1 40; St. Joseph Hope Chapel, 
S 87 ; Weston Mrs. Richard Mundy, 1 . St, Louit— Salem 
Qerxnan, 10 : St. Louis 2d Qerman, 6; — Cote Brilliante 
T. P. 8. C. E,, 5 85 ; — Coyenant, 10 10 ; — Westnainster 
add*l, 60 cts. ; Washington. 14 70. 161 48 

Nkbraska.— Synodleal Meeting 18. Ha«t/n{r«— Ayr, 8; 
Bromfleld, 1 S6; Culbertson, 4 60 ; Hastings Ist, 18; 
Hastings German, 8; Oak Creek German, 5: Oak, 10 01 ; 
Ruskin, 10 16. JTeameif.— Buffalo Grove (S S 4), 10; 
Burr Oak, 4; Cozad, 1 80; Mt. Olivet, 1; Litchfield, 7 50. 
Ntbnuika Cftv.— Hebron, 10; Hickman, German 88 60: 
Hopewell, 10; Lincoln 8d, 5 07; Plattsmouth German and 
salihKh, S: Salem, 11 16; Sawyer, 2; Table Rock Y. P. S. 
C. E., 2 8S;Tecumssh, 1st, 40. Aiofrraro— Coleridge, 8 76; 
Elgin, 8 10: Emerson sab-sch, 5 60; Hartington, 16 40; 
Marsland, 8; Oakdale, 6; Randolph, 8 96; Saint James, 
8 25; WiUow Creek, 4. OmoAo^Belle OeLtre, 1 20: Cres- 
ton,S 06; Floret ce, let, 2 9£; La Platte, 6; Paplllion, 8; 
Traoey VaUey, 6 06. 2( 2 41 

Nsw Jbbsst.— j:Uxa6etA— Cranford 1st, 88 €6; Eliza- 
beth Ist (Murray Miss. Asso., 16). 880 ; Roselle 1st, 24 80. 
JentM Cit^—Jeney City Sd. 26 W, Monmouth— Bame' 

r>, 2; Forked River, 2: Freehold, 22 86; Moorestown, 
Marris'andlOranjae ~ Chatham, 201 26 ; East Orange Ist, 
268 78; Madison, 86 80; Monistown SouthSt., sab-sch miss, 
soc'y, 87 60; Mt. Freedom, 10; Orange German, 8: Rock- 
away Y. P. S. C. E. 6 02; Schooley^s Mountain, 20; Summit 
Oeotral, 84 41; Whlppanv, 18 84; Wyoming let, 10. Netc- 
arJb-Bloomfleld Ist sab-sch, 25; Lyon's Farms, 68 66; 
Newark 2d, 107 66; Newark Park, 86 06. Kew BruriM- 
wi'cfc— Alexandria 1st, 7; Dayten, 20 62; Dutch Neck, 20; 
Princelon 1st, 264 1^ A««rton— Andover, 6 67; Belvidere 
iBt, 60; Bloomsbury Ist, 16 18; La Fayette. 8; Stewarts- 
▼ttip,6 86. We9t JerMy-Bridgeton 2d, 46 60; Fairfield, 
IS. 1,008 01 

Nkw Mkxioo. — j4rteona— Sacaton Pima 1st, 25; 8ol« 
omonviUe Station, i.—Rio (Trancfe— LasCruces, 8 It; Las 
Oruoes Spanish; 18 LO; Socorro Spanish, 8. 47 85. 

Nsw YoBK.—2l(6any— Albany West End (sab-sch 10 4( ) 
80 40; BatchellersvUle, 11; Broadalbin, 8 10; Mayfleld, 




Bozbuij, SO^Windham, 86 65. Brooklyn- Brooklyn 1st, 
60; — East Williamsburg Gennan, 10; —Lafayette Av- 
enoe (BL C. 80 28), 2,180 40: — Mount Olivet, 2; — Throop 
Avenue, 88; West New Brighton (Calvary, 80. Buffalo^ 
Boffklo Westminster, 88 70 ; Oonewango, 7; EUicottville, 
IQ. Cayuga— Auburn Central (sab-sch, 8 22,) 48. Cham- 
plain— Beekmantown, 8 60 ; Constable, 4 10 ; Saranac 
Lake, 12 60 ; WestvUle, 2 64. Chemung — Big Flats, 7. 
CblamMa^Ancram Lead Mines, 7 70; CatskillM. C, 16 78; 
Centreville, 10; Durham 2d, 5: Jewett, 47. Genesee— 
ijBtoj sab-sch, XO 88. Avdson— Cochecton (Mrs. Allte R. 
Apply. 5,) 11 11 ; Florida, 6 10 ; Haverstraw Ist, 10; Jef- 
fersoBville German, 6: Livingston Manor, 6 ; Middletown 
2d, 49 6S: Rockland 2d, 2 80. Long Ivtond— Brldgehamp- 
ton, 13; East Hampton, 20; FrankJinville, 11 £0; West 
Hampton, 44 76. Lyotw-nFunius, 8 80. iV^ostau— Isllp, 98. 
New VorJt— New York Canal Street. 80: — Mount Wash- 
faigton sab-sch, 6 18; — Phillips, 118 06; — Riverdale, 
90 10; — Tremont, 26. iWo^arct— Albion, 75; Lewiston, 
10: Locfcport, 1st, 86 26; No Tonawanda North, 26 60 ; 
Wilson, 8; Youngstown sab-sch 19 North River—Beih- 
lehem, 26; Pleasant Plains, 11. Otseoo— Stamford, 106. 
JiocAetfer— Brockport, 188 86; East Kendall, 6: Fowler- 
viU^ 6 20; Geneseo 1st, Mrs. D. Bosley, 5; Livonia, 10; 
Rochester, Brick, 244 99; —Westminster, 89. St. Lou:' 
rence— Gbaomont, 17 21 ; Oswegatchie 2d, 11 60; Potedsm; 
177; Sackett's Harbor, 12 ; Waddington, 10. Steuhen— 
AHHtfrtn, es 88; Arkpoit, 6 66; Belmont, 8; Canaseraga, 5 ; 
(3oh<»eton, 7; Pnltney, 6. S^yrocvfe-Casenovia, 87 10; Chit- 
tenango, 86 21 ; Syracuse 1st Ward, 25 89. 3Vov--Bay Road, 
8; (Sreen Island, 10; Lansingburg Olivet sab-sch, sp., 8. 
irifcar-Littie Falls, 4j[: Sauquoit, 19 60: Utica, Bethany, 
86 60. fre9<eAesfer— New Bochelle 8d, 87 68. 4,999 41 

NoBTH Dakota. —JFarga^ Lisbon, 16. Fembina — CSy- 
presa, 4 15; Elkwoodl 8 04; Hannah. 4 06. 86 85 

Omo.— ^fAeiw—New England, 8 86: New Matamoras, 
8: Pomeroy, 16; Syracuse, 8. BeUe/ontaine — Belle 
Otetre, 6 50; Forest sab-sch, 8 86; Upper Sandusky sab- 
sch, 1 16. dAiOieoMe— Mount Pleasant, 11 80; New Market. 
8; WhitciOak, 11 47. Cincinnati- -Bamtam, 8 1 0: CincinDati 
7th (sab^ch. 86). 865 84; Madisonville, 6 17. Cleveland— 
Ctoveland Woodland Avenue, 800; New Lyme (Y. P. S. C. 
E., 4). 11. 0>2am6iis— Bethel, 4 42; Bremen, 5; Colum- 
bus Broad Street, 85 54; Rush Creek, 4 58. Dayton— 
Cttfton, 42 08; Dayton Park Y. P. S. C. E , 8 76; Green- 
TiOe, 24. JSTwxmr-Clyde Ist, 14 40; By)storla Y. P. 8. a S.i 



6 88; Huron sab-sch. 5. Lima— Findlay 2d, 2 25; Mount 
Jefferson, 10; Turtle Creek, 8 84. ifa/ionmo— Columbiana, 
6 10; Warren Y. P. 8.C. E., 6. ifart on— MarysviUe, 7 86; 
Milford Centre sab-sch, 1 7f ; Ostrander, Mrs. 8. J. Flane- 
gin, 100. ifaumee— Antwerp, 2; Bowling Green 1st, 
aTsS; North Baltimore, 16; Rev. G.M. Miller **Tithe,'' 6.— 
fV>rtnnoiit^— Decatur, 10; Eckmansvllle, 14; Portsmouth. 
2d. 28 56; West Union, 7 60. St. aaireville—BeUain 1st, 
6 05; Crab Apple, 82 08: Monistown, 5; Short Oeek. 15. 
SteubenviUe—BMCOU Ridge, 16 82; Deersville, 9; East 
Sprlngflekl 2d, 6 29; Irondale, 9 60; Linton, 6 60; Madison, 
16; Minerva (sab sch 4), 14; Potter Chapel, 12 21. Woo$ter- 
— Clear Fork, « 70: Pirrysville and sab-sch, 8 85. Zanea- 
vi'Ue— Brownsville, 2P; Homer, 4 6C; Keene sab-sch, 5; Mt^ 
"gon, 6; Utica sab-sch, 2; Zanesville Putnam, 60. 1 ,198 97 

OaaooN.— Pbrf land- Bethany, 86; Portland 4th, 9 85;. 
_ St. Johns Y. P. S. C. E., 9. fViUametU-GnTvaia, 6 10; 
McCoy, 6 60; Octorara, 5; Pleasant Grove. 10. 69 (6r 

CALiroBMiA. — John D. Thompson, 1,0(0; Benida — 
Albion Station, 19 66 ; Bloomfleid, 1 60; Bolinas, 8 75 ; 
Fulton, 9; Little River, 8 86; Petaluma, IC; Pope Valley, 
10 ; Tomales, 9 80; Willow Creek Station, 2 56; Lo8 An- 

fefet^Corondado Graham Mem 1, 17 75; Cucamonga, 5; 
lllmore. 5; Los Angeles Boyle Heights, t; — Grand View,. 
8 60; San Fernando, 2 60: San Goreonla sab-sch, 2 75 ; 
Westminster, 5. OoJIrlana— Oaklana 1st sab-sch, 12 26. 
fiacram enfo—Placerville, 80; Vacaville, 18. 5an Jose— 
GUroy (sab-sch, 7) 12; Hollister 1st (sab-sch, 1) 18 60p 
Santa (Mix, 16 80. £^toc^ton— Bridgeport Station, 6 90 ; 
George's Creek Station, 2 86; Independence Station. 6 f 
Lone Pine Station, 8 60. 824 90 

PxMii8TLVANiA.~^Ue0Aeny— Fairmount. 5 60; Industry, 
6; Tarentum, 19 60; vanport, 6 68. PiatrevtUe— Cone- 
maugh sab-sch, 1 15; Irwin, sab-sch, 8 80; Jeanette. 16 ;. 
Murnrsville, 86; New Salem Y. P. 8. C. E., 6 75; Pine Run, 
40 76; Turtle Creek, 10 18. Butler— Butler sab-sch, 80: Har- 
lansburgh, 10; New Hope, 9. Carli»le—Blg Spring, U 86; 
Carlisle 8d sab-sch, 81; Duncannon , 86; Great Conewsgo 
L M. S., 18 10 ; Lower Path Valley A member, 10 ; Me- 
chanicsburgh, 15 85; Waynesboro, S2 60; Wells Valley, 8 60. 
Chetter-Media, 849 7:r; Ridley Park (8ab-sch,89 66,) 69 60^ 
West Grove, 7 80. C/arion- Edenburg, 60 ; Wilcox, 1 78. 
JEWe-Oool Spring Mn. Rebecca Tait, 7 50; Franklin, 118 Iff 
Fredonia, 1 OT; Girard (Miles Grove Branch. 6 48,) 26 24; 
Kendall, 2; Stoneboro, 6; Union City sab-sch. 18 60; 
Utica, 16; Waterloo, 8. ^ttnWnodon^Lost Creek (Y. P. S. 
C. E., 1 88.) 88 79; Osceola Mills. 20. ft ftonnin^— Apollo 
1st (sab-sch, 10.) 106; Rural Valley, 8. Lackawanna— 
Athens, 80; Canton Y. P. 8. C. E , 10; Forest City, 1; Haw- 
ley 1st Y. P. S. C. E.,8 75; Honesdale, 406 64; Mountain 
Top and sab-sch, 7; Newtoa. 6; Plains. 10 80;. 
Rome, 2; Soranton Green Ridge Avenue, 60; Sugar 
Notch, 6; Towanda Ist, sab-sch. 82 60; Tunkfaan- 
nock 26; Wilkes Barre Grant Street (sab-ecb, 62 44,) 
67 98. Bcranton — Welsh Westminster, 8. Lehigh — 
Hasleton, 26. Northumderland — Bald Eagle and 
Nittany sab-sch. 5; Hartleton M. C, 6; Mahoning, 
85 ; Mt. Carmel, 8 49 ; New Berlin, 7. Parkeralmrgh— 
Terra Alta, 80. P^tkufelp^ia— Philadelphia Bethlehem 




Memorial, 85 19; Fox Chase, £8 42; Jenkmtown Grace m.c.,. 
6 25; Norristown 1st, 171 21;*2d, Bridgeport, 10; Norriton 
and Providence, 12; Overbrook. 72 68; Thompson Memorial 
(New Hope Chapel, 7 76,) 81 7C: Wlssinoming, 5. Pitta- 
6vro^— Centre L. M.S., 91 47; (>afton sab-sch, 7; Finley- 
viUe, 5; Fairview, 6; Knoxville, 19 15: Middletown, 15 ;- 
Mingo. 6; MoLtours, 80; Mount Pisgah, 10; Pittsburghi 
2d, 41 86 ; — East Liberty, 64 ; — Park Avenue, 60 ; 
— Shady Side ( sab-sch, 46 60.) 671 60 : Wett Eliza- 
beth, 9. Redstone — BeUe Vernon, 16 il; Leisenring,. 
86 04 ; McKeesport Ist Special, 100 ; Mount Vernon, 6.. 
£rAenanflK>— Mount Pleasant, 11; Moravia, 10 48 : Sharps- 
vllle, 8 15: Wampum. 8 40. lFatfcm(/ton-Llmestone, 7 60* 
Washington 2d. 160 ; — 8d, 79 76 ; Waynesburgh, 11 ;•. 
Wellsburgh. 180 78; West Alexander (sab-sch, 5 25,)' 
161 76; WelUboro — Beecher Island. 6 67 ; Wellsboro, 
80 62. Westmifihter-Jjeacock. (Bab-sch, 1,) 28 40 ; Pine- 
Grove (sab-sch, 8 14.) 11 14. 4.898 70* 

South Dakota.— ^locrrfcen— Aberdeen, 11 25: Brittom 
Emmanuel, 6; Holland lst,8 70;Uniontown, 8. Btaek HiUn 
— Whitewood, 5. Central i)a*ota-Artesian,6 2); Bethel,. 
16; Colman. 18 90; Endeavor, 2; Forestburgh, 5 61; Madl- 
son,10 81 ; Miller, 14;W entworth, 18. Da/co^o— Ascension. 5» 
Southern Dakota— HArmonj, 5 ; Kimball, 2 60; Olivet. 8 ^ 
Scotland, 8 75. 186 85 

TKHNBSSKB.—iTtnotfton— Bethel, 6; Rockwood, 8. Union 
—Caledonia, 10 ; Hebron, 7 ; Rockford, 8 ; Spring Place 
(Y. P. S. C. E.. 2,) 12 ; Unitia, 2. 48 

Texas— ^iwtin-abok), 1; Goldthwaite, 8; Milbum, 
4 50; Pearsall, 8; Jlev. W. B. Bloys, 10; North Texas— 
SeymouTi 8 ». 82 7lk 



76 N. Y. Synodical Aid Fund — Susieniation — H. M. Debt Account [January ^ 



Utah— ifontona— Bozeman (Y. P. S. C. E., 16 84.) 66 20; 
Uelena 1st, 26 ; Kalispell, 16. Utah-^ox Elder, 6 ; Hy- 
Tum Emmanuel, 2 45 ; MlllTllle, 1 05 ; Richmond, 8 ; Salt 
Lake City 8d. 8 8^; 8 L. C Westminster (sab-sch. Beth- 
any Band 5 80,) 10 8a Wood JBiver— Caldwell '' WUlioK 
Workers,'' 6 ; Franklin Centennial, 10. 153 94 
Washiwoton— OZympio— Atnslle, 1 60 ; Castle Rock, 6 ; 
Chehalis, 12: Claquato. 4; Kelso, 5; Napavine, 1 50; 
Ridi^field, 10: Stella, 6: Toledo, 2. Puget Sound— 
Ellensburgh, 11 95 ; Sjpofcane— Spokane Centenary, 5. 
TFaUa-fTaUa— Johnson, 3 60 : Moscow, 9. 76 45 
Wi.sooN8Ui.—C^ippeu7a— Ashland 1st. 40: Phillips. 10; 
Bice Lake, 10. La vrosse— 1a Crosse North, 8 50. Mad- 
ison— Bara\}oo 1st, 21 48 : Fancy Creek, 5 ; Highland Qer- 
man. 8 23 : Janesville Ist, 46 8i ; Lodl 1st, 12 ; Platteville 
derman, 8 ; Pulaski German. 8: Reedsbwigh, 15 ; Rich- 
fland Centre, 10 ; Rev. W. F. Brown, D. D., 10. Winne- 
'bago—BtLdger, 11 60 ; Fort Howard, 8 50 : Shawano. (Y. 
T. S. C. E 5.) 11 ; Wausau, 125. 858 67 
Women's Executive Committee of Home Mis- 
sions 20,88496 

Total from Churches $ 89,124 16 

LEOACIKS. 

I/egacy of John McLain, dec'd, late of Wash- 
ington Co., Pa., 640 87 ; Hugh Meams, dec'd, 
late of Warwick, Bucks Co., Pa.. 141 60: Mar- 
garf>t J. Boudeman,dec'd,lateol:Danville,Pa., 
1024 26; BenJ. Darlington, deed, late of Pitts- 
burgh, Pa., 1,000; Legacy in part of Mary 
Stuart, dec'd, late of New York, subject to 
.a Refunding Bond, 75 000 ; Joseph woods, 
•dec'd, 48 75 ; Sarah H. Coon, dec'd, late of 
NewTezas, Pa., 100 77,849 88 



MISCKLLAJTBOCS. 

Upson Walton & Co., Cleveland, C, 100; Rent of 
house in Meade Centre, Kan., 3; J. Conneaut, 
Ohio . 20; Rev. Wm. Adams Brown, N. Y., 50; 
A Friend of Home Missions, in Washington 
Co., 26 ; Mrs. Mary Ann Adams, Qrove Park, 
Fla., 51 : A. J. Gere, Hallstead, Pa., 2 : J. D. 
Langford. Atoka, Ind. Ter., 1 ; Miss Sarah 
A. Pratt, Millfleld, C, 5: Mrs. Barton Slade, 
Kelloggsville, N. Y., 10 ; "A. M. T.," 2; Mrs. 
Mary M. Thompson, II)., 6 80 : Cash per J. H. 
V. D , Special. 2) ; Miss Mattie White, Utah, 
6 : From a widow, 5 : Mrs. Sophia S. Hobart, 
Worcester, Vt., 60 ; Rev. F. D Seward, 1 96 ; 
** C. Penna.," 14 ; A professed disciple. Perth 
Amboy, N. J., 70 cts. ; Rev. Henry M. Wal- 
ker, Marseilles, C, 10 ; E. Sterling Ely. Buf- 
falo, N. Y., 800 ;" W. M. A.," 100 : Isabella 
A. Griffin, Cheing MaL Laos, 12 ; Mrs. A. P. 
Thompson, Philadelphia. Pa , 10 ; Rev. I. N. 
Sprague. D. D., Pulteny. Vt.. 6: Mrs. L. P. 
Stone, Llewellyn Park 500; John Edwardson, 
10; Trustees General Assembly, Interest on 
Permanent Fund, 800; Interest on Permanent 
Fund, 10; Interest on John C. Green Fund, 
40. 



1,609 45 



Total received for Home Missions Oct., 1892.$118,648 49 
Total received for Home Missions from April 1, 

1892 8»,991 80 

Amount received during same period last year. 801,860 87 



Box L, Station D. 



O. D. Eatok, TreoMorer, 
58 Fifth Avenue, New Yoric 



BECE1PT8 FOR NEW YORK SYNODICAI< AID FUND, OCTOBER, 1898. 



.^{6any—BaIl8ton Centre, 15; Charlton, 18 76. Voorhees- 
-^110,12; West Milton, 2; Broadalbtai, 4 08; May field, 9 85. 
^tn^^mton— Cortland, 7'i 64; Bin^iamton 1st, 66 21; 
Masonvill^, 8 60; Cannonsville, 6. Brooklynr-B, Throop 
Avenue, 100; B. First German, 25; West New Brighton 
•Calvary, 6. Buffalo— B. Westminster, 81 96. Cayuga— 
Weedsport,88 20; Auburn 2d, 18 98; A. Westminster, 4; 
<}enoa2d, 2; Genoa 8d, 2. CAamplai'n-Constable, 2 88; 
Westville, 1 80; Saranac Lake, 12 50; Beekmantown 
-sab-sch, 12 64. CAemuni^-Big Flats, Rev. II. T. Scholl, 
-26: Breesport, 6; Bock Stream, 7. Co/um&ta— Cairo. 11; 
Hillsdale. 22; Centreville, 10. G^enesee— Bethany Centre, 
Y". P. 8. C. E., 1 38; Stone Church, Le Roy and Bergen, 
.5 50. Geneva— Q, 1st, 27 85. £rud«on— Florida, 17c. Long 



Mand— East Hampton, 10. Z.yofM— Junius, 8 SO. JVS- 
a(7ara— Albion, IS SO, Wilson, 2 70. Rochegter—'R. West- 
minster, 14. 5^ Laiorence—Sacketts Harbor, 6, Steuhem 
—Addison, 29 16; Andover, 4 11; Arkport, 22c: Canaser* 

Sra, 6: Hammondsport, 6. i^yrocvse— Amboy, 8; 8. 
emorial, 18. TVoy— Argyle, 12; Bay Road, 4. Utica— 
Rome 1st, 100; North Gage, 8; South Trenton, 5. 
Total received for New York Synodical Aid 

Fund. October, 1802 $ BSS 41 

Total received for New York Synodical Aid 

Fund, from April 1st 4,500 56 

Amount received during same period last year. . 5,800 67 

O. D. Eaton, Trecuurer^ 
Box L, Station D. 63 Fifth Avenue, New Yoric. 



RECEIPTS FOR SU6TEKTATION, OCTOBKB, 1898. 



BAvrmoBM—BalUmore-'B.JA, 2 10 

Colorado— BottWcr—Valmont, 02 

iLLiwoia—CAfcayo— Itasca, 2; ^cAuyter — Quincy 1st. 

j44 cts, 2 44 

lowA—Joioa CVfy— Columbus Junction sab-sch, 2 73 
Kansas— JV!eo«^— Gil ard, 6 00 

MicHiOAN— iTalawiajeoo— Plainwell 1. ifonroe— Rai- 

ein 6. 7 00 

Missouri— P/a/te— Cameron 1st, 1. 8t. Louis— St. L. 

Sd.Ger. 1. , ^ 2 00 

Nkw JERSKT-Jer«ey CTfy— Englewood, 61 21 



Orboon — Willamette — Pleasant Grove 1. Octo- 
rara 1. 2 00 

Pacific— 5an Jose— Hollister, 1 00 



Total received for Sustentation, Oct. 1892 % 76 60 

Total received for Sustentation from April 1, 

1892 8,280 68 

Amount received during same period last year 1, 184 29 

O. D. Eaton, TreamtreTf 
Box L, Station D. 68 Fifth Avenue, New York. 



RECEIPTS FOR HOME 6IISSIONS, DEBT AOGOUNT, OCTOBER, 1899. 



Atlaktio— ifcC7?cUand^Bowers, c, 1 86. South Flor* 

4da— Kissimmee, 10; Seneca, 2; Sorrento, (L. A. Soc'v 10) 

IF; Tarpon Spiings sab-sch, c, 8 26. 84 62 

BiLLnuoKK.— Baltimore -Baltimore, Broadway, ^sab- 
Bch. iniBs'7 soc'y 20. Pastors Bible class 2). c, 88; Brown 
Memorial sab-sch, (Branch sab-sch, 2 50) c, 27 25; Canton, 
sab-sch, c, 8; Cumberland sab-sch, c, 5 87; Sparrows* 
Point sab-sch, c, 8. New Co«t/c— Georgetown, c, 4 90; 
Wihnington, Gilbert (sabsch 1 ) c, 4. 85 22 

Colorado. -BouWer-Cheyenne, 1st c, 9; Fort Collins and 

•sab-sch, c. 15; Laramie, Union, c, 80 05. Denrer— Denver, 

Central, sab-sch, c, 18 10; Littleton, c. 7 02; Manchester 

(sab-sch 1,) 2 60. jPue6/o-La Lus, c, 2 15; Trinidad, 2 id, 

;5 88 82 

iLLiNOis^^ Won -Butler, c, 7 60; HUlsboro, 14 78; Plain- 
view, c 9; Salem, German, c, 17; Woodbum, German, c, 
10 60: Zion, German, 0, 4 70. Bioomin^ ton— Hoopeston, c, 
8 ; Minonk, c, 22 15 ; Normal, c, 2 29. Cairo— Cobden, c,8 45; 
Dubois, c, 2; Du Quoin, c, 80; Fairfield, 1st (sab-ach 80 
^s) c, 2 80; Flora, c, 8 25; Mount Carmel, C«ib-sch, 9,) 



c, 81; Nashville, c, 6 75; Olney, c, 21; Tamaroa, 10; CM- 
0070— Chicago. 1st sab-sch, c, 12 66; — 5th, c, 6 06; Deer- 
field, c 9 06; Du Page, c, 88 75; Joliet, Central, c, 156 22; 
River Forest, 1st. c, 5 23; Waukegan, 1st, c, 2 J. F)re»' 
port^ Freeport, 2a. c, 2): Galena, Ist, c, 42 10; Marengo, 
c, 24; Middle Creek, c, 12 60; Woodstock, c, 7 26. Jfot- 
toony Assumption, 1st, c, 12 10; Greenup, 6 02; Mowea- 

3ua, c, 8 20; Newton, c, 8; Pana, c, 82; Vandalia, c, 17 71. 
'^faica— Aurora (sab-sch. 9 80) c, 89 70; Morris, c, 22, 
i^soria— Brimfield, c, 1 ; Brunswick, c, 4 25; Elmwood. c, 
8; Farmington, c, 8 20; Peoria, 1st, c, 121 09; — 2d, 45 89; 
Prospect, c, 85 51; Ya»:es City, c, 27. Rock River^-Al' 
biny, c. 8 71; Ashton, 9; Buffalo Prairie, c, 5; Franklin 
Grove, 10 11: Garden Plain, c, 81 48; Geneseo, c, 26 10; 
Newton, c, 21 15: Norwood, c, 16 63. Schuyler— CaLrihMg& 
(sab-sch, 2 67) 18 40; Clayton, 1st, c 6; Ellington, Me- 
morial, c, f; Hamilton sab sch, c, 1 60; Mount Sterling, 
c, 11 09; Nauvoo, German, c, 16; Oquawka, c. 16 08; 
Springfield— Uacon^ C, 28 80; Maroa, c, 17; Pisgah, c, 17. 

1197 90 



1893.] 



Some Mission Debt Account. 



77 



INDIANA.— Oaic/ord viZte^RockTiUe, memM, c, 15 75; 

Thonitown, 6 35; Wayeland, 7 45. Fort ITayne— Bluff - 

ton, c IS; OnUn, 9 25. New Albany —^tudiaon, 2d, 8 60. 

White Water, Oreeosburgh, 87 83. 00 68 

Indian Tkrritort.— CAcroJIree iVatton— Hev. and Mrs. 
E. £. Mathes, 10. Choctav>—Ber. S. R. Ream, 10. 20 

Iowa.— Cedar RapitU^Beihel c,«; Big Grove, c, « 85; 
Blairgtown, c, 7 50; Centre Junction, c, 5 65; Oarrlson, 
CY. P. 8. C. E. 5), c, 11 50; Mount Vernon, (Y. P. 8. C. E. 
lOX c, 22 00; Onslow, c, 5; 8cotch Grove, c, f ; Springville, 
(sab-sch, 4 25), 8. OouncU Hluffa—CAnon^ (sab-sch, 3), 
CMission Band 2), 14: aarinda, Y. P. boc>, c, 10; Lenox, 
6 85; Prairie CbapeU 94 cts; Sharon, 5. Deg Moinee— 
Allerton, c, 5 75; Indianola, c, 10; Newton (sab^ch, 6), 
14. Dubuque— Hopkinton, c, 80 16; Lansing* Ist, c, 6; 
Ume Spring, c, 2 40. /otMx— Birmingham, c, 9: Fairfield, 
1st, 40; Keokulc, Westminster sab-sch, (Banks St. Mission 
flab-sch, *'Light Bearers,'' 1), c, 12 84; Kirkviile, c, 0: 
Martinsburg, c, 10 25; Mediapolis, c, 11 75; Ottumwa, c, 
81 80; West Point, c, 9 ; Winfleld Y. P. S. C. E. c, 3 60. 
latea Citg— Iowa, Citj, J. T. Turner, 5; Le Claire, c, 8 50; 
Princeton, c, 8 00. Iratorloo— Ackley, 10; Cedar Valley, 
C 17; Holland, German (sab-sch, 0), 26. 870 58 

Kansas.— ^itiporia— Belle Piaine. c, 10. Highland— 
HUwatba (7 50 c), 11 60; Washington, L. M. 8., 25 80. 
X.arii«(i— Spearville, 2 f 2 JVeo«Ao— Pittsburgh, c, 8 97. 
Oi6ome— Covert, 1; Osborne sab-sch, c, 5 85. Solomon— 
Carlton, 4 04; Culver, 6 18. TopeJIra— Kansas City, Ist c, 
94; Olathe, (sab-sch, 2 50). c, 9 50. 98 44 

]liCBiOAN.—i>etroif— Detroit, Jefferson Avenue, c, 100; 
Mount Clemens 1st, c, 5 55; Stony Creek, c, 8; Ypsiflanti 
aab-M^ 10 21. FItn<— Flint sabsch. c, 9 88; Cass City, 
C 11. Grand Rapids— Hontague 1st (Y. P. 8. C. £. 5), 
C 18 07. foiamacoo— Plainwell sab-sch, 2 85. Lake 
£hcp«rM>r— Newberry, c, 8 00. LaiMtno -Parma sab-sch, 
c •; Tekonsha sab-sch c, 8. Jfonroe— Raisin, c, 4. Petoe- 
jHnr— Alanson, c, 1 ; Conway, c, 2. 184 07 

HunfCSOTA.— DuiutAr— NcNair, Memorial sab-sch, c. 5 50, 
ifcmfcato-Currie (sab-sch, 75 cts), 4 25; Delhi, (17 85, c.) 
S4 56; WIndoni. 12 56. Red River- Crookvton and sab- 
Kh and Y. P. 8. C. E., 22. TTinono— Le Roy, c, 10. 78 85 

Miasoimx.— KitmAu C<ty— Kansas City 8d. c, 9; Rich 
Hfl], Ist, c, 19 00. Osarip— Irwin c, 8 75; Neosho, c, 15; 
— Westminster, 2. Paimyro— Kirksville, Ist, c, 19 08; 
Xoberly and sab-scdi, c, 20. Plat/e— Breckenridge, c, 
fi 88; Ouneron (sab-sch, 1 25) 9: Gallatin, 8; King City, 
C 8; Mound C^ty sab-sch, c, 6; New York Settlement, c, 
2 07; St. Jose^, Westminster, c,20 15. St. Louie— Cuba, 
6: Poplar Bluff, c 7 80; St. Louis, Clifton Heights, 8 CS. 
White IKver— Harris Chspel sab-cch, 2. 159 87 

NxBBASKA.— iteamey— Fullerton sab-sch, c. 8 06: Wood 
Biver, c 10 00. NebraAa City— Fairmont, c, 7; Lincoln 
Ist. c 21; — 2d. c 19 00. iVtofrrara^ Hartington, 8 56; 
MfflMoro, c, 4 25; Ponca, c 18 00; Willowdale, c, 2 90. 
OmoAo— Bellevue (sab-sch, 2 €6, Y. P. 8. C. E^ 8 12) c, 
10 60: Blair Missionary Tea, 11, Y. P. S. C. E., 7, 18; 
OmahAf 2d, (a member 4) (sab-sch, 11 11, Y. P. S. C. E., 
S 60 c) 18 (>I; Wahoo and sab-sch, c, 10. 149 07 

Nxw jKSMEY.—KVzabeth — Elizsbeth, Westminster, c, 
170 78;— sab-sch, 7 15; Plalnfleld, 1st, 14 58. Jersey City 
—Arlington Ist, (Jas. A. Bell, 60: Mrs. Jas. A. Bell, 50) 100; 
Englewood, c, 90 70; Jersey (?lty, 1st, (sab-sch Musion 
Association, 1£) 88;— John Knox, c, 15; Rutherford 1st 
aalhsch, c, 18. ilbnmovtfc— Jacksonville, c, 2 60; James- 
burgh, c, 12 60; Mount Holly, c. 24 41 ; Ocesnic, o, 86; 
Providence, c. 8 80. Morris and Orange— Dorer sab-sch. 
C 2) 41; New Vernon, c, 63 42. Aewarfc— Bloomfleld, Ist 
HU)-sch, c. 29 87; Newark, 1st sab sch, c, 10 25; — 8d sab- 
sch, c. 10 26;-Cninton Hall sab-sch, c, 6;— Fewsmith 
Memorial, c, 11 08;— South Park sab-sch. c, 10 25. Neto 
Brunswick— Amwelh 2d sab-sch, c, 4 25; Dutch Neck, 80; 
Lawraoceville Central sab-sch, c, 5 lUL JVinrfon— Asbury 
sab sch, e, 15; Musc<»ietoongVaIl»', (Chariest own.sab-sch. 
1 60; Chapel sab-sch, 8 88; New Hampton, sab sch. 5 26:} 
C 10 58; Newton, c, 182 89. West Jersey— Brainerd (sab* 
■ch 1) c 6; Deerfleld sab-sch, c, 8. 914 80 

Nkw Mkxico.— iSt'o (Trande— Pajarito, 6. Santa Fe-^ 
Baton, Spanish, 20 members 41; Santa F6, Ist 18: Rer. J. 
J Qlldbrui, 26; J. A. Gntlenes, \0\ Juan M. Martices, 10; 
iJocas Martinez, 10; V. F. Romero, 10. 124 

Hkw York.— iditeny— MariaviUe, c, 7; Saratoga Sprlnips, 
Ist. sab-sch, c, 18 86;— 2d, c, 24. BitiyAamton— Conklin 
1st, e, 14; Union, c, II; Whitney's Point, c, 9 20. Boston 
—Antrim sab sch, c, 18; Boston 1st, rab^ch, 42 44; 
FWU Blvcr, Globe c, 11 28. Brooilrivn— Brooklyn 1st, 
(■ab«di 14 78), 170 61;— Central sab sen, 81 40:— Friedens- 
klrcbe c 11 04;— Greene Avenue sabsch, c, 12 90;~ Edge- 
water 1st, Mb-sch, c, 26; West New Brighton. Calvary 
iiSHShreilt04. Bi^alo-Buffalo North (]r.H.Birse, 100), 
e 04 86;— Westminster c, 126 70; Gowanda c, 8 60; Sher- 
man c 8D: Cayi<9<»— Aurora, 60 OS; Meridian sab-sch, 40; 
Weedsporte, 41. Chemung— Vis Flats sab-sch, c, 4 2^; 
KlniinC lAke Street c, 20 80; Southport Y. P. S. C. E., 



c, 2 85. Columbia -Cairo c, 81. G^e«ee— Oakfleld c, 
5. (Tetieuo— Romulus (sab-sch 1 56), 5. /fudaon^Chester 
c. 40; Congers 1st. c, 6 12; Denton and sab-sch, c, 14; Floi^ 
Ida, c, 18 60; Middletown 2d, 2); Montgomery sab-sch. c, 
5 80; Nyack, 1st sab-sch, c, 7 88. West Town Y. P. S. C. E.,. 
c, 12 2 J. Lonpfttond- Setauket c, 10 50. Lyon#— Galen c» 
28 9C; Huron Addl., 4 72. A^cvsatA- Springfield sab-sch , 
14; Whitestone c 11 80. N€W YorJk^Montreal, American* 
60; New York, 4th Avenue c, 1 49;— Scotch c, 80 56;— Sea 
and Land c, 12 15. Niagara— Albion c, 25; Youngstown c, 
18. North fitver— Amenia c, 25; Marlborough c, 57 82; Wap- 
plnger's Creek, 10. JRoc/ie«fer— Brockport and sab-sch. 
and Y.P.S.CE. , c, 26. St. Laurence— Ca^ Vincent c, 1 0, 
Ox Bow Y P. 8. a E. c, 8 80; Potsdam (sab-sch 4. Y. P. S. 
C. E. 8,)c 19; Rossie Y. P. 8. C. E. c, 2 60.. Steuben— krV 
port c, 6 08: Homell^Ile Ist (sab-sch 10), c, 41 00: Jasper 
C 7; PrattsDurgh c, 955; Pultney c, 7. S;i/racii«e— Pomvey 
c, 5 59. TVoy-Cambrldge (Y. P. S. C. E. 7 19), 40 44; Ches- 
ter c,10; Glens FaU8(Y. P.S. C. E. 1500), 2(1: Green Island c, 
14; Lansingburgh. Olivet c, 88 60; Troy 2d, sabsch. c, 50; 
Woodside (-tab-sen 7 CO, Jr. Endeavor Soc*y. 1), c, 54 69. 
Ufica— Sauquoit c, 4 60; Utica, Olivet c, 11 10; Water- 
ville sab-sch, c, 11. Westchester— QVLead. and sab-sch c, 
29; Peekskill, 1st (sabsch 25), 160 50; Poundridge c 5; 
White Plains (jab-sch 88 88)82 76; Yonkers, Westminster 
(sab-sch 50; Y. M. Bible Class 2F; Thomas Bible class, 12; 
Kings Daughters Reading Circle, 8; Obedient Circle, 5, Be- 
lieving Circle, 1 86; Right Hand, 8; Good Shepherd, 1 10; 
Whatsoever F; Kings Sons 10; Y. P. Afso. 10; Jr. Y. P. S. 
C. E. 10: L. M. 8., 8), c, 188. 2.£82.8» 

NoKTH Dakota.— ^rj^—Broadlawn c,4 2*}; C!as8elton 
Ist c 5. Plem6/na— Drayton, 0. 16 25 

Oaio.—f eti<»AmtaMe— Crestline (sab-sch 1), c, 7; Ken- 
ton c, 21 84; Marseilles sab-sch c, 2 55. Ch<Z/tco<^— Wil- 
mington c, 8 26. CVncinYi at/— (Cincinnati. Walnut Hills 
1st, sab-sch class, 1 80; Glendale 1st, c, 19; Lebanon 1st, c, 
18; Wyoming, 48. Cleveland— New Lyme, 4 ; Northfleld c. 
7; Parma, 4; WiUoughby c, 28 16. C!oItim^w•— Central 
College, 24 20: Columbus, Westminster sab-sch 7 20; 
London and sab-sch c, 14 49; Weeterville e, 18. Dayton— 
Dayton. Wavne Ave. c, 14; New Paris, 0; Seven Mile c, 
7 ST; Springfield 2d c, 10. Hunm— Huron sab-sch, 66; 
Milan,cl9 63. Lima— Columbus Grove and sab-sch. c,10 66; 
Delphos c, 0. JlfatAfitee— Biyan, 7 88; Defiuice 10 86; 
Toledo Isf German W. M. 8., 10. Portsmouth — Ironton, 
c, 14; Red Oak, 8; Sandy Springs sab-sch, 2 Steuben^ 
viZle— Amsterdam, c, 12; Linton, 4; Steubenville1st(sab- 
sch 16 88), c 50 04. Wbocfer— BeDevillec. 7; Loudon ville 
(sab-sch 2 50). c, 16. ZanesvUU-WWvtooA c, 2 40. 481 08 

ORXGOM.— vr</«amefte— Spring VaUey8al>schc 6 80 

California.— fenictfo—Petaluma sab-sch c. 10. Lo» 
Angeles— kXhamhra (sabsch, 8 80), 17 40: Glendale, 6; 
Los Angeles, Sd, ana sab-sch and Y. P. S. C. E., c, 20; 
Riverside, Arlington (sab-sch, 4 26), 96 26; South Pasa- 
dena, Calvary, 10. San Jose— Pleasanton, c, 6 66. Stock" 
<ot»— Bethel, c, 2; Clementa c, 2. 149 80 

Pennstltania.— £Za<rtvi2/e— Braddock, c, 17 88. But* 
lev^Concord, c, 7 10. Car{i«2e— Big Spring, 19 14; Burnt 
Cabins sab-sch. c, 1 82; Dauphin and sab-sch, c, 10; Dun- 
cannon, c 18; Harrisburgh, Market Square sab-sch,c.82 If; 
Lower Path ViUley sab-sdi. 8 08; Shippensburgh, 86 80; 
Chester— Media, c, 20 88; Penningtonville sab-sch, c, 0. 
(TZarion— Academia sab-sch, c, 26: Edenburg, c, 19. 
JSirie- Erie, Park and sab sch, c, 40 45: Hadley sab-sch, 
c, 2 82; Springfield, c, 8 34. fitinttti^don— Birmingham 
(Y. P. S. C. £., c, 2 89), 15 68; Everett, c, 17; Mann's 
Choice, c, 1 66: Shellsburgh, c, 6 27; Spruce Creek, c, 99. 
£ittann/no--Apollo sab-sch. c, 11. I<acJlnranna— Athens 
Y. P. 8. C. E., 6; Bennett, c, 8; Carbondale, c, 87 94; Larg- 
cliffe, 28: Stella, c, 0; Sylvania (sab-sch, 1), c, 4 06. J>- 
Af0^— Reading, 1st, sab-sch, c, 29. Northumberland— 
Beech Creek, c, 0: Mahoning, c, 60 90; Montgomery sab- 
sch, c, 8; Mount Carmel, c, 7 86. Airibersbtir^— Parkers- 
burgh sab-sch, c. 9. Philadelphia iVorf /i—Conshohocken 
(sab-sch, 4). c 11 50; Hermon (sab scli, 9 80; chapel sch, 
2 19) c. 85 44. Pittaburgh-CShaxltToi (sab-sch, 15; Y. P. 
.8. C. E., 2). 20; Duquense, c, 10; Monongahela (Hty sab- 
sch, c 11 59; Oakmont, c, 40; Pittsburgh, Lawrenceville 
sab-sch. c 9 14. 712 19 

South Dakota.— BlocJk HiZ2«— Whitewood. c, 11; Rev. 
E. J. Nugent, 5. Central DaJto/o— Bancroft, c, 2; Man- 
chester, c. 50; White, c, 4 50; Woonsocket 1st, 10 46. 
DoJIro to-Good Will, c, 11. 60 45 

TsNNKSSBE . —Kxngston-WiW C^ty , North'Side, 8 . XJnicn 
—New Prospect, 6 16; New Providence, 28; South Knox- 
vUle, 8 20. 88 86 

TxxAS.—.^u<<tn— Austin, 1st (sabsch, 6), (Mrs. H. H. 
McLane, a thank ofTg, 50), 106. Trinity— BaXrd^ c, 60. 

ill 50 

UTAi..—J#ontona— Boulder sab-sch, c, 5 80. Vtah^ 
Salt Lake City, Westmr. c, 6; Spanish Fork sab-sch, c, 6. 
Wood Rlvef— Caldwell, 6 80 80 

WASHiNGToir.— Olympia— «tle Rock, 6; Kelso, 6; 



78 



Ministerial Belief. 



{Januan/y 



OlymplA l8t, c, 18 90. Pug€i iSTound—Ballard Ist, c, 9 7 ft; 
North Yakima, c, 10; Seattle, Ist, c, 88 20; Bedro, Ist. 5; 
Bey. C. C. McCarthy, 9 60. fifpoton^-Rathdrum (sab- 

rflch, 9), c, 10. WaUa ITaUa— Lewiston, c, 7; Moscow, let. 

^ 19 06. Ill 80 

WiscoirsxN.—Cfttppetra— Bayfield, 5 88; Eau Claire, Ist, 
39. La CroM«—H izton, c, 9. JfadMon— SUlbourne City, 
-c, 91 96; Richland Centre sab-sch, c, 8 91 . Winnebago— 
JTlorence sab-sch, c, 7 48; Merrill, East Side, c, 10 91. 

96 61 



Total received from churches $7,996 

MISCKLLANBOUS. 

•Jessie C. Quigley and friends, Dorchester, Dl., 
79cts.; *'A Steward," 6; *'L. F. L.,"60; "M. 
E. P.." 5; Sarah L. Beveridge, Lansingburgh, 
N. T., 10; C. H. Holloway, Phila., Pa., 7; 
Mrs. Jane Trimble, Kimboiton, Ohio, 96; R. 
O. Toung, Qeetinnrille, iQd , 90; Sarah M. 
Moora, Columbus Grove, O., 6; **A. M. H.," 
Oakland. Cal., 6; friend who wants debt paid, 
7; Rev. Samuel Ward, Emporia, Kans., c^S; 
2. Y. Z., 6; Rev. W. W. A., 60; Rev. N. w. 
Skinner, E. Las Vegas, N. M., 10; J. A. M.. 



Newark, N. J , 8; Rev. C. E. Babb, San Jose, 
Cal, 6; A friend of missions, Sherman, 
Wash., 6; Jas. Waters, Oswego, K. Y., 96; 
Rev. 8. S. Meyer, Las Comas, Wash., c, 10; 
A home missionary and wife, 6; Friends in 
East Bloomflekl. N. Y., 6; Rev. and Mr» R. C. 
TowBsend, Tipton, Iowa, c, 6; A friend, 
thank ofTg, 6: Rev. R. C. Robe. Wheelock, 
Ind. Ten, 90; Rev. Henry Farwell, Lawrence, 
Kans., 4; A friend, 9; Mrs. H. B. Williams, 
Chooonut, Centre, N. Y.. 9; Rev. J. Pierson, 
D. D., Stanton, Mich., 6; Dorcas Mission of 
New York City, 1 14; A friend, Nineveh, N. 
Y.,9. 



811 86 



Total received for the Home Mission Debt, 
October, 1809. 8,810 75 

Total received for the Home Mission from July 
1,1899 9,806 18 

O. D. Eaton, Treaturer, 
Box L, Station D. 68 Fifth Avenue. New Yoric 

NoTB.— Contributions marked c were collections on 
Columbian Home Mission Day, Oct. 9, 1899. 



BBCIfilFTS FOB MINI8TEBIAL ^U&LIEF, OCTOBER, 1899. 



ATi«Airnc.FVxtr/!«M— Mount Tabor, 9. 9 00 

BALTiMoas.—Boitimore— Baltimore 9d, 6 80; — Broad- 
iway, 14; —Central, 87 87; Deer Creek, Harmony, 16 77. 
New CcMiie— Elkton, 66; Green Hill, 4 76; Lower Brandy- 
<wine. 6; Newark, 16: Pencader. 9 68; Pitt's Creek, 15. 
Wa^ington C»<y— CUfton, 6; Damestown, 8: Hermon, 9; 
Washington City 4th, 964 96; ~ 6th, 48; — Metropolitan, 
^66; — western, 85 64. 608 11 

Caufornia.— BenJcio— Lakeport, 6 60; San Rafael (sab- 
«ch, 18 60), 49 10. Lo«^nce/e8-GIendale, 4 60; Los An- 
geles, Grand View, 6 45; —Westminster, 9. OoJIeiaml— Oak- 
land, 1st, lO 40. Sacramento-'EXk. Grove, 5 05. SanJoae 
— HoUister, 3. 187 00 

OoLOBADo. — Boulder — Longmont Central, 7 ; Val- 
jnont, 18 cts. Fueblo — Alamosa, 5 94 ; Colorado 
springs 1st, 19 84; Durango 1st, 6; Rocky Ford 1st, 9 58. 

90 84 

Illinois.— iil^on— Jersey vJlle, add*l, 9; Litchfield, 4 51. 
Bloomington—Cheaoioe^ 6 67 -.Clinton (50 from Mrs. Magill), 
82; El Paso, 7; Gilman, 11 ; Rossville, 6 96. Cairo— Cairo 
1st, 9 80; Tamaroa, 19 45. C^icayo— Chicago Ist, 41 96; 
—8th, 159 77; —Covenant, 198 60; — Fullerton Avenne. 
tf ) 83; Itaska, 9; Lake Forest, 816; Wheeling Zion, Ger- 
man, 8; Woodlawn Park, 86 61. .FVeeipor^— Harvard, 9; 
Rockford, Westminster, 10 49; Woodstock 1st, 10 50. Pe- 
oria— Brlmfield, 4; Canton, 17 69; Elm wood, 7; Enoxville, 
11 85. Bock iftver- Centre, 8 «1 ; Dixon, 86 88; Geneseo, 
10 96. iS^^utffer — Elvaston, 4; Monmouth 1st, 19 99; 
Quincy. 1st, 8 96; Rushville, 81 70. Springfield-^prinK- 
Sd, 88 49. 1,067 89 

Indiana — Crau/ordflinUe.— Bethu^, 14 18; Frankfort 
1st, 99; Spring Grove 18 75. Fori Ff^yne— Warsaw 1st, 
^9 00. IndianapoliB — Bethany, 5 74; Greenwood, 7 47{ 
Southport. 1 ; Lo^aniiporf— Crown Point, 5 80; South 
Bend Ist, 98; New Albany — Hanover, 9 9(h Sharon Hill, 
1 75. White TTafer— Connersville Ist, 68; RichmoDd 1st. 
90. 186 59 

Indian Territobt.— Jlfuscogee— Achena, 9 9 00 

lowA.— Cedar 22apid«— Clinton 88 16; Lyons, 1 16; Wy- 
oming Ist, 5 42 Osming — Anderson, 8. Hamburg 
1st. 4 95; Sidney. 8. Des Jfoine*— Albla 1st, 9 50: Laurel 
8; Mariposa 5; Ridgedale, 8. DuMtgue- Dubuque, 8d,4; 
— German sab-sch. , 15; Hopklnton 1st, 9 40. Fort Dodge 
—Bethel, 6. /otmi— Keokuk, Westminster, 19 14; Morning 
Sun, 91 85 ; Winfield 7. Iowa Ci^— Columbus Junction 
<9 94 from sab-sch), 6 99; Davenport 9d, 14 08; Iowa City, 
96; Le Claire, 8 50; Mount Union, 1 60; Princeton, 8 75. 
Sioux Ci^y -Paullina, 5. TTa^ertoo— Salem, 10; Tran- 
quility, 19 50; West Friesland. German, 6. 996 99 

Kansas.- JSTmporia^Belle Plaine, 4; Elmendaro, 4 86f 
Madison, 6; Marion, 94; Wichita, West Side, 4 81; Win- 
field, 19 05. HioAlond— Washington 1st. 7 85. Lamed— 
Lamed, 8 51 ; Spearville, 9 96. Neotho—CaxijXe^ 1 06; 
Columbus, 4 65; Parsons 1st, 18 SO. 0«6ome— Calvert, 
9 85; Hays City, 8 76; Norton. 9 76; Rose Valley, 8; Smith 
Oentre, 4 10. /8o2om«n— Cheever, 5; Culver, 8; Minnea- 
polis, 96 77. 2V>peilMi— Auburn, 8 08; Kansas City Grand 
View Park, 9; — Western Highlands, 7 56; — Itt, 40 80; 
Manhattan, 17; Wakarusa4. 991 89 

Kbntuckt. -jESbenesrer— Paris 1st, 7- 7 00 

MiCBiaAN.—Dtftroif— Brighton, 9 ; Detroit, Ist., 104 08 ; 
Milford, 14 06 ; Pentiac 1st, 86 66. Lake Superior— ULect- 
ominee, 86 60. Lan«<ni7 -Jackson, 8. il<mroe— Bliss- 
Aeld 1st, 68 ; Brie 1st, 6 ; La Salle, 1st., 1 00 ; Palmyra, 5 00. 

909 98 



MiNNCSOTA.— DttZufA— Duluth 9d, 6. Manhato—&t. 
James, 9 80 ; St. Peter's, 6 ; Winnebago City, 9 64 : 
Worthington, Westminster, 80. 1ft Aneapo/i«— Minneap- 
olis, House of Faith, 9 . St, Plnui— Oak Grove, 6 ; St. 
Paul, 9th, 9 59 ; -Central. 86 93. 107 06 

Missouiu.— Aansa« CtTy— Holden, 1st, 19 ; Kansas City, 
9d, 191 43 ; Hill Memorial, 1 ; Sedalia Central, 17 81. 
Qsarfc- Eureka Springs, 7. Ptotle— Breckenridge, 8 80; 
New York Settlement, 9 80 ; Parkvllle, 16 48 ; St. Joseph, 
North, 10 ; St. Joseph, Westminster, 18 60. St. Louis- 
Ferguson, 5; St. Louis 9d German, 9 ; St. Louis Clifton 
Heights, 9 70. 990 09 

NBBBASKA.—£ra«f»n9S— Hastings German, 1 . Nebratka 
City— Bennett, 7 ; Sterling, 6. OmaAa->-Craig, 18 41 ; 
Lyons. 4 96 ; Omaha Clifton Hill. 1. 87 66 

Nbw JcBSBY.— £7ii«a6«iA— Pluckamln sab-sch, 6 ; Ro- 
selle, 1st, 7 90. Jerwey Cify— Carlstadt, German, 8 ; Jer- 
sey City, 1st, addl, 10 ; Passaic, 87 70. Monmouth— 
Beverly, 48 71 ; Moorestown, 5 ; South Amboy, 9. Morris 
and Oranoe— Madison, 10 54 ; Orange, Hillside, 117 86. 
Newark —Caldwell, 97 45 ; Newark, 1st, 88 66 ; Newark, 
9d, 86 19 ; Newark, 1st German, 99 ; Newark, Park, 12 49. 
New Brutwun'cife- Alexandria, 1st, 6 ; Amwell, 9d, 6 60 ; 
Dajton, 4 74 ; Ewing, 11 68 : Lambert ville, 46 ; New 
Brunswick, 1st, 78 & ; Stockton, 6. Aewtorir- Branch 
ville, 90. 646 96 

New York.— ^I5any— Mariaville, 8. Binghamton — 
Bins^hamton 1st, 78 99; Cortland, 106 94; Coventry U, 
5 ; waverly 1st, 94. Boston — Boston, St. Andrews, 6. 
BrooJUvn— Brooklyn 1st. 910 50; — Throop Avenue, 167; 
— Trinity sab-sch, 9 50, ft^alo— Buffalo, Westminster, 
823 90 ; Franklinville 1st, 8 90. C^itoa- Auburn 9A, 
14 6<; Genoa 9d, 1 95; Ithaca 1st, 977 68. Chemung— 
Burdett, 8. Cenevo— Canoga, 8 46 ; Geneva 1st, 97 15 ; 
Oak's Comers, 9; Ovid 1st, 91 89; Penn Yan 1st, 88; 
Phelps, 90 75. Hudson— CirdevlUe, 10 ; Florida, 1 68. 
Lony ItlaTui— Middletown, 14 11 ; Port Jefferson, 90 60; 
Setauket, 15; West Hampton, 47 98. J^TaMau— Hunting- 
ton, 1st. 78 95. New Forile-New York 1st, add'L 60; — 
Mount Washington sab-sch. 7 95. iViaoara— Albion, 18; 
Lockport 1st, 87 06; Murrav (Holley)«99 28. North River 
Bethlehem, 7 ; Wapplnger s Creek, 7. jRoc^sfer— Fow- 
lerville, 9; Geneseorvlllage 74 91. St. Laiorence— Monrto- 
town, 19 61 : Ox Bow, 11 66 ; Watertown 1st, 116 60. 
Sr^eiifren— Arkport, 1 99; Canistee, 96; Cuba, 17 06; Ham- 
mondsport, 5. S^acitse— Amboy, 5 : Oswm[o 1st, 17 07 ; 
Syracuse Memorial. 19. Weetchester — Quead^ 91 83; 
Peekskill 9d, 13: South Salem, 16 18 ; Stamford 1st, 81 87; 
Thompsonvillelst,88 95; Yonkers Westminster, (80, from 
S. S.,) 68 77. 9,940 91 

Ohio.— .<4t^eTM— New England, 9 40. C^IicoiAe— Bain- 
bridge, 9; South Salem 16. Cincinnati — Avondale, 
68 50; Cincinnati 8d, 90; — North, 7 18 ; Lebanon Ist, 
99 60; Monroe, 6; New Richmond 6: Sharon ville, 4 16; 
Springdale,15 69. C/eve/aiui— East Cleveland, 1st, 11 94; 
Guilford 1st, 7 41. a>IufnM««- Central College, 19 96; 
Columbus Broad Street, 96 61; — Westminster,. 6. />ay- 
<on — Clifton, 94 60; New Jersey, 4 85; Springfield 9d 
68 63; Troy 1st, 90 54; Xenia, 7 60. Huron^Norwalk. 
1st, 18 11. IfoAonina- Ellsworth 11. Afarienr-Beriin, 
9. Marvsville, 7 41. St. Clair wme — ButttAo, 17 90; 
Cambridge 18; Mount Pleasant, 6 56; Washington, 4. 
fifteu6ent;ilie— Annapolis, 8; OarroUton, 11; Linton. 8 60; 
Madison, 7; New Cumberland, 8 86; Steubenvilie Ist, 
99 10. ITootier— Canal Fulton, 8; Fredericksburgh, 15; 



Sid/batk-aohool Work. 



York III, 188 »l. . m «i 

SODTB Dakou.— SduUMta Dh'c. 



Falls lal, l: 



8.S7SW 
', 9: SlauE 
I. nTB 

— Bolilott — Jouetboro, IS fnion— Rock- 
foul. 9; WMbiogloii, 1 TS, 10 TB 

Utah.— Wontona— Bmemui Y. P, 8. C E,, 16 SS; He- 
leu let, N 30. OS St 
Washikotoii.— Puoel&nind-SeatllelM.MNI. WaOa 
WaUa—VtitttHire tM. B. SO SO 
WiacoMSiH,— Cfirawmi — Hixlaoii lit, 10. La Cram-~ 
Busor,4: WntSalem. 8. Jfiluaulve— Milwaukee, CkI- 
»eiT, *5 7!: — ImDunuel. It* M; — PereeTeimnge, B BO 
Wki^eaha lit, 14 IS. JM DO 



m the churches u 



FiVTllle, 
eta; W»slilnBtoii,14:WMhliigtonvUle7; WBlBoBlo«n, 6. wJ^'^^Wi *' i 

M. — GMton,Sl; — KenBtaBton lal. 100; —Memorial, C.," 6 : RaT. W 



W. H. Hullnsi. Delta. Colo., B % ; Mn. Heled 
D. Mills, TuTmbanDock, Pa., IB ; "Newton. 
N. J.," BO : BeT. R. B. Uoora, YlnelaDd, S. 
J., 10) A.. J. Oere, Halstead, Pa., 1 ; James 
T. baimy, Hamilton, 0., E: H. B. Alexander, 
Chambenburs, Pa.. S; Mrs. C. J. Tajlor. 
Areenia, III., 1 BO: Eliiabelh A. CumminI, 
Bellalre, O.. SS ; IRst. A. Parker aad wile, 
Petoeker, Mich., B; Wm. B. VIny, Brock- 
.... D^, ft ; Mra. Maij K. Palmer, "~- 



■, Fort 



1;  






sab^cb Jl Ml - 



UtrerlortOD. IK; borrinUlp. S: 
Awifb— CaononabuiKh Cantral, 
FhUllpabarE, Bl Plltsburvh Sd. 
120: — Park ATenao, 8S BO; — " 
■Wtlklnaburgh, add" "" 
McKeegport, "■■■■' 
SAcnonoo— 1 



. Ail* 



Wbeelinci 



It Ubertj, 

SbadrSidesab^sch.. ISBOi 

1, au. nedifojie — ConnollSTllla, 10; 

., . lU; Mount Pleasant Reunion, 14 M. 

.MoDUt Pleasant, 18: New Castle Ist, 80 40; 



r. Joa*ph Storens, 

pSScoTil^Fia.,'^' "6. Pmna." « • 

[Dtereet From permanent fund lucludtng SM, 
from IheBoiierShermanF^— '■*' ■" ' "— 



.,2y Wettm{TU 



r-Centre{»7tp 



usab-sch), 



BECKIPTS rOB BAB BAT a- SCHOOL WOBK, OCTOBEB, 1893. 



BAi.'nBOis.—.Ba/Hinore— Baltimore 2d. 4 SO;— Bncken - 
rldge satrach, 14; La Farette Square aabich, 13 sa; 
Hampded ub-ech, SB; The Oron Bab«^, 17 tt. Sea 
Coftle— Wllmlngtm. Weet eab-ech, 80 cts. M 40 

OOLoaADO.- BoxWer- Loogmonl, Oontral, B TB; Tal- 



Lortwd-AiithoDT lab-sch. I BO. Bpearrltle, 3 81. Ht- 
o^bo— Carirle, »B eta. Qlranl, 7. OKwrne— H»j» atj, 
< 0. Top eka Junetioa Citr aab-sch. SB DO. SI TB 



KairnlcIT.— L0KlAriU<— Hodseaadtte. 1.40. I 40 

KlCHIQAW.— De(ro*(-Brlghton,8 00. Detroit. Sd Ave. 
Mb^ch. 17 70, HdUj aab-wh. t 00. 0raml Sapiiit— 
Ormod Bapida, Immaauel aab-scb. B 00. EalmitaMoo— 
AU<«an B 00. 8B 70 

MiinraaaTA.— S«d R'rer— CrtwkstOD, ch and sab^ch. 
e. St. PaMl.—OL Paul. Bonae of Hope. 4) SB. BO «0 

MlwoiIBI.- KSiuM Ctfy.— HoldeD. 10. Sedalla, Broad, 
war sab^ach, K. folnivra — KlrkaTlUe. S 4r 
thnip,4: BL Joseph North, SO. <" '• 

— VaiNH0i-'Oal[ Creek Oerman, S: Ktar- 

- -  -,ta Cftv.— Adama 1 U; Hlokman 

a, t ; Planamcnitb.Jl 48 : ~ 

i'sB* ""bmatia,— Craig. 4 TV. 



-West Hllford, aab-sch, B. JfonnumM.— Columbua, cb. 

ind >ab-3Cb, lit BO. Uorrii and Oronoe.— Hillside, 10; 

u.^i — •... wki on. "-Torfc-Newark »<1, 

HP Brnruunck, — 

, — , . ~. ^toQ Sd, saNscb, 

h, S : Yelkiw Frame sab-ech, B 10. 



H. • BS. 'jMalloon— siarshail aab-ach, 18. Ptoria— 
KnozvUle, B S8. ScAttyler— gulacr, 1st, 1 S8. apHng- 
jleld-^ackSTllle £d Portuguaae ch & sab-sch, B4 ; SprtDz- 
ileld td, 88 41 378 «> 

IiiDi»KA.—/>Mliiii«lpoii»— Hopewell, IS M. Logantport 
—Union, * 40. ^ne ..4 Ukuijt— Jefferson sab-ech, 8. IB OB 

iirt>[Aa TaaarrOBT — Oiemtee JVatfon— Elm Spring sab- 
■ch, 10. CAortoio-Wheolock, 1. 11 00 _ _ 

Iowa.— CowutlBJufff-Case)' sab-sch, 8.0B. Clarlnda Unloi 
4Hl>acb. 80) M 04. Bharpaburg 1 SO. Yorktown t 18. cheat 
DeM ilWnea— Des Holoea— WesOQlnster, 8 80, loua— 
Keokuk. Weatminster, 4 Ot. KIrkTilleS 00. loioaCitv 
— Mootenuna aab-jcb, 11 7a. Sioux Cflir-Merrlll, a 00. 
FlTDODth Oo. 8. 70 11 

EAiMAa.— JBnporia- McuDt Temon, 8 00. Oxford 8 01 . 
BlpUoiut— B^lejville sab-sch, lO 60. WaahEnirton, > SI. 



Naw York.— Bineftomfon — BL_„ , 

Cortland. IB SI. ifi>yaIo--BuBalo Westminster, II >g; 
FrankUnTllle.9; Jame«(owB,4714. CayH^o— Auburn, !d, 
kSl. CAaJHolafn— Peru. 1 48. CA«nun(r— Elmlra North, 
aab-sch, B. Oenewe— East Pembroke aab-ich. 8 Htidion— 
Florida, Bl cli; Nyaek,» BO, Set- Yor*— NewYork Unl. 
TersltT Place, 888 31; West tSd Street sab-sch. >B. Siaga- 



. OfKpo— Stamford, 10 a 



. . Patw> sab-sch. BO o6. Si. LainreiKe—Wad- 

dlngtOD sab-sch. n 00. Acuben— Addison aab-ach. M 1B[ 
Arkport, 07 cts. ; Haounondsport. ID X. ^irmciue— Os- 
wego, let. !0: Srracuae, Memorial, 10. tS^— Hooslck 
Fails. !0 7B; Kalta sab-ech. B B«. Crcftn- KIrklaad. B. 
IPuCc/ieife^^Peeksklll, ad, U87; Slng^Blng aab-scb, 

NoBTH Daiota.— Pambfiui— Olasaton, S SB; Bt.Thomas, 

Ohio.— CkiUleolhe-BounieTllle aabach, 4. dncinna- 
RMdlngandLocklandJI.^ CoUmbiu— Central Coll<^ 



sab-schi 1 84 

HafwnfiKi— Clarkson 



-CUfton 



LjiDura sao-Bcn, id 
ifoHon— Delawa 



ark Salem, Qennan 



Picwic-Beaie Jo-Co lelo, S; io« Angr.ltt—Fl\lm< 
sab-ech. B: Hedlanda,? BO. Socromenio— Placerrllleei 
Bch,10. SanJo#e-HollliitBr, 8. ST., 

PKNHBiLTAHiA.—AUiwAiinv- Allegheny Central aab-sch, 
- -  . -. „,. Ji ., BlalriPillr ■-'-■  "■- 

, 4. Butler-l 
I 80; Prospect. 8 BO; Sunburr 

— Jurgb. 8 M; Wajneeboro, S IL. 

BoneTbrook, Harmony sab-scli. I BS; Rldler Pari 



80 



Sabbath-schod Work — The Drink Question. 



{Jamiaryy 



41 S6; Utica, 5; Waterloo. 2. Huntingdor^—Uxmtijxg^on 
■ab-8ch, 15 yr. fit/anntfi0-Qlade KUJD, 4 75. LacilMi- 
toanna— Uniondale, 4 70; West PlttstOD sab-sch. 80 75; 
Wflkes-Barre, Ist, 59 40;— Grant St, (sab-sch, 4 10) 9 68. 
iVoKAumbertond— Mount Carmel sab-sch, S;! 25. Philor 
d«ipAia— Calvary, 100: Wylie Memorial sab-sch, 8 80. 
Pkuadelphia — Bethlehem, 11; North Broad Street, 
80. Philadelphia North — Hermon sab-sch, 87 48; 
Langhorne, 4. Pittsburgh — "iHago SAb-wh, 11; North 
Branch sab-sch. 12; Phillippsburg sab-sch, 18; Pittsburgh 
Sd, 4 05; —East Liberty, 80;— Park Avenue, 7 60; — Shady 
Side sab-sch, 4 50. Redttone — Little Redstone, 26 55; 
McKeesport,4; Mount Vernon, 8; Pleasant Unity, 2 75. 
jSAenanoo — Neshannock, 6 89. West Virginia — Bethel 
sab-sch, 10 51. 655 55 

SocTTH Dakota.— Cen^cU DaJboto— Beulah sab-sch, 1. 

1 00 
Tknkbssks. — Houston — Beach sab-sch, 8. Union — 
KnoxTille BeU Av, 6. 9 00 

Utah.— (/roA-Springville sab-sch, 8. 8 00 

WA8HiNOTON.—S/>oton«— Spokane, Centenary, 4 4 00 
Wisconsin.— Afatoaufcee— Milwaukee Immanuel, 88 66. 
Winnebago— VfaMsaxi sab-sch, 17 86; Weyauwega, 8 65. 

55 07 



Total from churches. October, 1898 $ * 1,488 90 

Total from Sabbath-schools, October, 1802 878 86 

Total from churches and Sabbath-schools, 
October, 1892 $ 2,812 76 



KISCBIXANBOUS. 

Thos. Clemence, Peck, Mich., 2 75; Maitland 
sab-sch. S. Dakota, 75 cts; A. J. Qere, Hall- 
stead, Pa., 1 00; Anonymous, Lewlstown, Pa. 

1 00; Harris Chapel, Ark., 1 00; T. R. Veal, 
Feast erville, S. C., 1 80; Chas. Shephard, 
Wash., 2 55; M. H. Hagler. Ark., 13 cts. ; W. 
H. Long, N. Car., 2 6i; Valley Center sab- 
sch, Iowa, 1 84; O. V. Albertson, Ok. Ter., 

2 50; David Brown, N. Car.. 1 85; Haines- 
bui^ sab-sch, N. J , 8 03; Columbia sab-sch, 
N. J., 2 50; Venice sab-sch, N. J.. 4 00; Doug^ 
las sab-sch. Wis., 8 21; G. T. Dillard, S. C., 
8 26; Elk Mission sab-sch, Mich., 85 cts . L. 
O. Sutherland, Iowa, 5 00; Wm. Travis, Ore- 
gon, 7 58: H. B. Wilson, Ga., 80 cts.; R. J. 
Young, Ind., 1 27; Angus SiUars, Wis., 26 5?; 
J. D. Ibbotson, Mo., 5 65; J. H. Cooper, S C-, 
2 10; W. P. Donnell, N.C., 70 cts.; Alex. Roas, 
Mich, 20 cts.; Albright sab-sch, Va.. 74 cts. ; 
*'C. PennV,^' 1 00; Interest from Trustees, 

684 78, 721 85 

Total receipts for October, 1892 $ 8,064 61 

Amount previously acknowledged 69,809 16 

Total contributions received since April 1, 189S, 972,848 77 

C. T. McMuLUN, TVeoaurer. 

1884 Chestnut Street, Pfaila. 



Marble and granite are perishable monu- 
ments, and their inscriptions may seldom be 
read. Leave your names on human hearts; 
they alone are immortal. 



The three years of Christ^s marvelous 
ministry are all condensed into the one simple, 
matchless line, — * *He went about doing good. " 

T. L. Cutler. 



It is said that it costs twice as much to fire 
one shot from one of our largest guns as to 
support a Missionary and his family a year in 
Japan. 

Rev. Dr. Clark, of Christian Endeavor 
fame, expresses the belief that the Church 
needs more than anything else, a host of 
symmetrical, well-rounded Christian men 
and women. Amen^ say we. 



Discretion in speech is more than elo- 
quence. — Lord Bacon. 

But why not give us both ? Some preachers 
and some Senators do. 



A reverent, thoughtful study of the Bible 
should be part of the curriculum in every 
college, and the Christian parent will be wise 
to send his boy to no college where such a 
course of Bible study is not to be had. — 
Christian at Work. 



The Drink Question is the question of the 
day. Tlie tariff wrangle is a mere baby to it. 
If intelligent^ steady- going people oould be 
induced to spend upon tlie drink question a 
fraction of the time and money devoted to the 
otheTy u e might hope for some real improve- 
ment in Us treatment. — Prof. J. J. McCfoshj 
in the Forum. 



We need a deeper and stiller element in our 
piety. We want not only to work, but to be- 
lieve that God in Christ works, and with 
mightier forces than we : works through and 
by us, or without us, as he will; and that 
we are at best but inapt and incompetent 

instruments in his hands. 

F. D. H. 



Officers and Agencies of the General Assembly. 



-* ♦•» p- 



THE CliEBKS. 

stated Clerk and TVecwurer— Rev. William H. 
Boberte, D.D., Lane Theological Seminary, Wal- 
nut HmB, Cincinnati, O. 

Bgrmaneni Cflerh^Rev, William E. Moore, D. D., 
Cotombiu, O. 



THE TRUSTEES. 

President— Qeam Junkin, Esq. 
Treaaurer—Fnnk K. Hippie, 1840 Cheftnut Street. 
Recording Seoretary—Jaor^ Wilaon. 

Otficb— Publication House, No. 1384 Chestnut 
Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 



THE BOABDS. 

1. HOME MISSIONS, SU8TENTATION. 

Corre^Mmding Seeretariee—Keiv. William C. Roberts, D.D., Rev. William Irrin, D.D„ and Rev. 
Duncan J. McMillan, D.D. 

Treasurer— OHver D. Eaton. 
Recording Secretary— Oboot E. Boyd. 

Offiob— Presbyterian House, No. fSS Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

Letters relating to missioniury appointments and other operations of the Board should be addresnd 
to the Corresponding Secretaries. 

Letters relating to the pecuniary affairs of the Board, or containing remittances of money, afaonid 
be sent to O. D. Euon,7V0a«urer. 

a. FOREIGN MISSIONS. 

Secretary £hneritu9—Kev, John C. Lowrie, D.D. 
Corremonding Secretaries— Rev. Frank F. EUinwood, D.D., Rey. Arthur Mitchell, D.D., and^Rey. 

J<am Gillespie, D.D. 
Assistant Secretary— Vx, Robert E. Speer. 
TVeoaurer— William Dulles, Jr.« Esq. 
FiM Secretary— :Bibv» Thomas Marshall, D.D., 48 McCormick Block, Chicago, 111. 

Office— Presbyterian House, No. 58 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

Letters relating to the missions or other operations of the Board should be addressed to the Seo- 
retariee. Letters relating to the pecuniary affairs of the Board, or containing remittances of money, 
should be sent to William Dulles, Jr., Esq., Treasurer. 

Certificates of honorary membership are given on receipt of $80, and of honorary directorship on 
receipt of $100. 

Persons sending packages for shipment to missionaries should state the contents and value. There 




ounce or fraction thereof. Mexico, 2 cents per half ounce. 

a EDUCATION. 

Corresponding Secretary— Rev. Daniel W. Poor, D.D. 
TVeosureT^— Jacob Wilson. 

Offiob— Publication House, No. 1884 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia^ Pa. 

4. FUBUCATION AND SABBATH-SOHOOIj WOKK. 

i^eeretavv— Rev. Elijah R. Craven, D. D. 

Superintendent of Sabbathrschool and Missionary Worh—Rsv, James A. Worden, D.D. 

Editorial Superintendentr-Rev. J. R. Miller, D.D. 

Business Super%nJtendent—3o\m A. Black. 

Treasurer— Rbv. C. T. McMuUin. 

PuBiJOATiON HousB— No. 183^ Chestttut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Letters relative to the general interests of the Board, also all manuscripts offered for publication 
and communications relative thereto, excepting those for Sabbath-school library books and the peri- 
odicals, should be addressed to the Rev. E. R. Cravbn, D.D., Secretary. 

Preebyterial Sabbath-school reports, letters relating to Sabbath-school and Missionary work, to 
grants of the Board^s publications, to the appointment of Sabbath-school missionaries, and reports, 
orders and other communications of these nusionaries, to the Rev Jaxbs A. Wobdxn, D.D., Super' 
intendent of Scbbbathschool and Missionary Work. 

All m anuscripts for Sabbath-school Library books, also aU matter offered for the Westminstkb 
TMA.OHSB and the other periodicals, and all letters concerning the same, to the Rev. J. R. MiUiXB, D.D., 
Editorial Superintendent. 

BuflfneoB correnxmdeDoe and orders for books and periodicals, except from Sabbath-school missiaii- 
to JoHR A. Blaok, Business Superintendent. 

Ittanoes of moqey and contributions to the Rev. C. T. MoMullin, Treasurer, 

5. OHUKGH EREOnON. 

Corresponding Secretary— Resv. Erskine N. White, D.D. 
IrMfMrer^ Adam CampbelL 

OvFicn— Pred>yterian House, No. 58 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. T. 




82 Officers and Agencies of the General Assembly. [January^ 

6. BONISTERIAL REIilEF. 

Oorreaponding Secretary— VL»v, William C. Cattell, D. D. 
Recording Secretary and TVMUurer— Rev. William W. Heberton. 

Office— Pobllcatioii H(m8e,No 1884 Cheetnut Stoneet, Fhiladalphia, FiL 

7. FREEDMEN. 

President-^ 

Office Secretary and TVMuurer^Rev. J. T. aibeoo. 
Corresponding Secretary— Rev. Edward P. Cowan, D. D. 
Officb— No. 616 Market Stareet, PittobiuYh, Pa. 

a AID FOA OOIiLEGES AND ACADEMIES. 

Corresponding Secretary^Bav. Edward C. Ray. D. D. 
2V«Mur«r-Charle8 IC. Chamley. P. O. Box m, Chicago, TO. 

Offigx— Room 23, Montauk Block, No. llSlCanroe Street, Chicago, ID. 



PERMANENT COMMITTEES* 

OOBOHTTEE ON S YSTEBCATIC BENEFIGENOE. 

Chairman^Bey, Rufus 8. Gh*een, D. D., Orange, N. J. 

Secretary— Knieien Van Rensselaer, 66 Wall Street, New York, N. Y. 

COMMITTEE ON TEMPERANCE. 

Chairman—R&v, I. N. Hays, D.D., Alleghenv, Pa. 

Corresponding Secretary— Rbv, John P. BUll. Room 818, Penn BuUding, Pittsburgh, Pa 

Treasurer— B^y, James Allison, D.D., Cor. Sixth Ayenne and Wood Street, Pittsbmgh, Pa. 

PRESBYTERIAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

President— B»y. W. C. Cattell, D. D., Philadelphia. 
Corresponding Secretary— Rey, D..K. Tomer. 
TVecMurer— DeB. K. Ludwig, 8800 Locust Street, Philadelphia. 
ZAbrary and Jfuseum— 1229 Race Street, Philadelphia. 



TREASURERS OF S YNODICAL HOME MISSIONS AND SUSTENTATION. 

New Jersey— "Ehmer Ewing Oreen, P. O. Box 188, Trenton, N. J. 
New Yorh-O. D. Eatcm, » Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 
PennsylvaniOr^Tniik E.. Hippie, 1840 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Baltimore— D, C. Ammidon, 81 South Frederick Street, Baltimore, Md. 



BEQUESTS OB DEVISES. 

In the preparation of Wills care should be taken to insert the Corporate Name, as known and reoogniaed 
In the Courts of Law. Bequests or DeTises for the 

General Assembly should be made to ** The Trustees of the General Assembly of the Pkwbyteriaa 
Church in the United States of America. " 

Board, of Home Missions,— to *'The Board of Home Missions in the Presbyterian Church in the Uni- 
ted States of America, incorporated April 19, 1872, by Act of the Legislature of the State of New York." 

Board ot Foreign Missions,— to "The Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in 
the United States of America.^^ 

Board of Church Erection,— to "The Board of Church Erection Fund of the General Assembly of 
the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, incorporated Mar. 27,1871, by the Legislature of 
the State of New York. *" 

Board of Publication and Sabbath-school Worlc, to "The Trustees ot the Presbyterian Boanl 
of Publication and Sabbath-school Work.** 

Board of Education,— to "The Board of Education of the Presbyterian Church in the United States 
of America.** 

Board of Relief,— to "The Presbyterian Board of Relief for Disabled Ministers and the Widows and 
Orphans of Deceased Ministers." 

Board fbr Freedmen,— to "The Board of Missions for Freedmen oi the Presbyterian Church in the 
United States of America.** 

Board of Aid for Colleges,— to "The Presbyterian Board of Aid for Colleges and Academieg." 

Susteutatioti is not inoorpotited. Bequests or Devises intended for this object should be made to 
**The Board of Home Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, inoorporaleA 
April IV) ISH, by Adt Of thd Legislature of the State of New York, for jSusientolwni'' 

St fl.-tUal BitAte d4t1itd by ItiU thottld be aarefttUr desoibedi 



Y 



• '. / 



Vol. 13, 



No. 74. 



THE CHURCH 



AT HOME AND ABROAD 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY ORDER OP 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 

IN THE UNITED STATES OP AMERICA. 



FEBRUARY, 1893. 



EDITOR : 

HENRY A. NElvSON, D.D. 



EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENTS: 



WILLIAM IRVIN, D.D., 

For Home Missions. 

JOUN GILLESPIE, D.D., 

For Foreign Missions. 

DANIEL W. POOR, D.D., 

For Ministerial Education. 

ELIJAH R. CRA.VEN, D.D., 

For Publication and S. S. Work. 



ERSKINE N. WHITE, D.D.. 

For Church Erection, 

WILLIAM C. CATTELL, D. D., 

For Ministerial Relief. 

EDWARD P. COWAN, D.D., 

For Missions to Freedmen. 

EDWARD C. RAY, D.D., 

For Colleges and Acadetniea, 



Editorial Correspondents are responsible only for matter sent from the rooms of 
their respective Boards, as indicated in the table of Contents. 



PRESBYTERIAN BOARD OF PUBLICATION 

AND SABBATH-SCHOOIy WORK, 

No. 1334 Chestnut Strkbt, 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 






LiNcour xnnvxKSiTT 

Our 30th Academical year begsa ia September 
with luger classes t.liaji ever. 

A. new Hall for Instruction was completed in 
the summer vftcatiou. It has 17 ample rooms, 
well finished and furnished. It is built and 
equipped without debt. Hard by stands onr 
new and beaadful chapel, the generous gift of a 
lady friend. 

The College and Theological Faculties, with 
their Nine Professors, are provided for, insuf- 
ficiently indeed, but tliere is 110 appeal for more. 
The liberal bequests recently received have 
beeu spent on the foundations of this work, to 
enlarge and strengthen them. But now the 
wheels of our progress are Ijlocked. We can 
build nothing on our neve foundations tilt you 
give ns a new dormitory for the Biany approved 
candidates wailing to enter the classes. Our 
most earnest appeal to you is for this (f20,ooo). 

This burden we carry is too heavy without 
your help. Make provision for the support of 
these young men, ^130 a year, or its equivalent 
— the interest of a permanent endowment of 
$2,000 or Ja.soo. 

In making bequests, note that our corporate 
title is "Lincoln University." in Chester 
County, Pa. 

Rev. A. T. Rankin, D.D., Greensburg, Ind., 
Is our Western Agent. Rev. W. P. White, 
Germantown, Penn'a, is Assisitant Secretary ; 
Rev. Edward Webb, Oxford, Penn'a, is Finan- 
cial Secretary, L. U. ; to whom your gifts may 
be sent and your inquires addre^cd. 

W. R. BIN8HIIM, Fmft B'A Iraslwt. L. U. 

SCOTIA IeminaryT 



PENNSVI.VASI 










WILSON COLLEBE FOB YOUNG WOMEN. 














berland VaLlej. 


Border climate. 






ch 








11 Unlles9 


Bluciiea. Han. 


lome Park, Lb 








Heat. Uyuinaxi 


m. Ob«er.a.ory 


Lal.orator 




11:11- 


dorse d by feni 


<ylvinia Synod, 


Baltimore 


Syuorl 


ai<\ 


Fresbjtery, Pre 


abyleryofCarlis 


B,etc. 







On the Stock of the 



JASPEB CODNTY TITLE Al 
MESTMENT CO. 

CAPITAL, fSO,000.00 (Paid Up). 



Investors will liave their Stock Guaranteed 
bf First Mortgage notes secured by Real Estate. 

Stock offered for sale limited to (10,000.00, 
For particulars, address, 

HORACE B. UABTIN 
Carthage, Ho. Investment Broker 



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THE Y0UN6 LADIES' SEMINARY. 

FREEHOLD, NEW JERSEY. 

flesiltbtal location. Good teacbers. Pleatant famll/ 
life. PerHmal care for pupils. Fall term opened Sept. 



Prinoipar, HrSS EUNICE D. SEWELL. 



THE CHURCH AT HOME AND ABROAD. 



FEBRUARY, 1803. 



CONTENTS. 

The Joy of Willing Offerings to God, Editorial, 85 

Beginnings of Presbyterianism on the Pacific Coast, 87 

The Church and the Fair. W, C Gray, 88 

Henry Kendall, J?. Z?.iJf(7rrw, /?.-&., »0^ 

FOREIGN niSSlONS. 

Notes. — Treasurer's Statement of Receipts — Generous Offer — Syria Mission's Special Con- 
cert of Prayer — Magic Lantern Slides — Baptisms in Lodlana Mission — Synod of 
New York on Foreign Missions — ^Messrs. Curtis and Bryan on Japan — Danger to 
Japanese Students — Dr. Briggs on Moung Praa Among the Laos — Afternoon at 
Korean Hospital— Wolf Boy— Oriental Religions and Christianity, .... 93-91^ 

Concert of Prayer.— Missions in China— Out Responsibility in Hainan— After the Riots 
— Retrospect — Flank Morement on Thibet — Imperial College — China Inland Mis- 
sion — Tsze Chien, C. W, Martin, D, D, — Progress of Missions in China, /. G. 
Kerr,M,D., lOO-llt 

Letters. — Syria, Rev, Mr, Hoskins; Miss M, C, Holmes — Persia, Miss C. Montgomery 
— ^Africa, Miss Nassau^Vet^iSk, Rev, S, G, Wilson — Siam, Miss L. J, Cooper — 
Brazil, Rev. J, B. A'l?/*— Japan. Rev. F, S, Curtis—i/Lexico, Rev. C, S. IVilliams, lU-llT 

HoriE nissioNs. 

Notes. — Delay Disastrous — ^Benefit of Organization— Synod of Wisconsin — Suggestions of 

Census — Notes on Kansas — Natives of Alaska, Contributors to Home Missions, . 118-121 

Concc^rt of Prayer.— Two Heroes of Dakota Mission, Rev, J, R. Williamson in the Word 
Carrier — The Last of Her Race — Indians and the Indian Problem, Rev, John B, 
Aughey, 122-125 

Letters.— Indian Territory, Rev, W, L. Miller, ^w/V— Kansas, Rev. H, C, Bradbury ; 
Rev, J. A. Oliver — Utah, Rev, Theo, Lee — Minnesota, Rev, J, H, Meyer ; Rev, G, 
W, Martin-^^evr Mexico, Rev, H. J, Furneaux—^. Dakota, Rev, J, McCoy, , 126-128 

HOME MISSION APPOINTMENTS, 130 

COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES.— Daniel Baker College— February Small Fruits— Ap- 

propriations, 181-183 

MISCELLANY. — The Ainu bf Northern Japan— Baptism of a Persian MoUah — Repression 
of the Liquor Traffic in Chili— Pleasant Letters— The Feminine Element of Elo- 
quence, Addis 6>2e/^»— Thoughts on Sabbath -school Lessons — Native Agents and 
Their Proper Training, 133 141 

YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR.— The Value of Association With Those 
Whom €kxi Loves — An Old Love Letter — Scenery of Lebanon — A View from Mt. 
Lebanon, 141-14a 

CHILDREN'S CHURCH AT HOME AND ABROAD.— Voyage in a Chinese Junk, Mrs, 

Lane—Qod*a Work Among the Complanters, 144-145 

GLEANINGS AT HOME AND ABROAD, 14^150' 

MINISTERIAL NECROLOGY AND BOOK NOTICES, 150-151 

RECEIPTS, 162-16^ 

OFFICERS AND AGENCIES OF GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 163-1«4 



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY'S GOHHITTEE. 



JOHN s. Macintosh, d. d., chairman, 

202 1 Delancey Place, Philadelphia, Pa. 

CHARI^HS A. DICKEY, D. D., STEALY B. ROSSITER. D. D., 

ANSON D. F. RANDOI^PH, ESQ., Rev. HENRY T. McEWEN, 

WARNER VAN NORDEN, ESQ., STEPHEN W. DANA, D.D., 

Hon. ROBERT N. WILLSON, CHARLES L. THOMPSON, D. D., 

JOHN H. DEY, Esq., F. F. ELLINWOOD, D. D. 

WILLIAM C. ROBERTS, D. D. 



Business Superintendent, JOHN A. BLACK, 
1334 Chestnut Street. 

All Business Correspondence and remittances by Draft or Postal Order should be addressed 
to the Business Superintendent — not to the Editor, 



The price of the Church at Home and Abroad is One Dollar 
per year, payable in advance. No new subscription is received without 
the payment of one dollar accompanying it. But subscriptions, not 
accompanied with directions to discontinue at the end of the time paid 
for, will be continued and bills will be sent to remind the subscriber that 
another payment is due. 

laaned November X4tb. 



A NEW MYMW AND TUNE BOOK 

Tor uae in Preabyterian Churches 



By the RJSV, Chas. S. Robinson, D.D., l,l,.B. 



** The New Latcdes Domini^'' we confidently believe to be the most comprehensive 
and practical book for congregational singing yet issued. It is enriched by many fresh 
hymns of wonderful spirituality and poetic beauty ^ and nearly every one of its tunes is 
marked by a characteristic melody^ and can be sung by the average congregation, 
** The New Laudes Domini ** is calculated to be popular in the best sense. 

Mechanically it is unequalled. All the type used is neWy and was chosen especially 
for this book. The press-work is of the best. By using thin but opaque paper we are 
enabled to furnish more hymns and tuTUS with less weight and bulk. It is a real surf>rise 
io find that such a wide range of hymns {1206) and of tunes (dy^) can be furnished in 
large dear type muking a book only threefourths of an inch in thickness, 

A novel feature in this issu^ is the pocket edition (iSmo,), which is reproduced from 
ihe large book, containing all the hymns and tunes in facsimile^ the size of the printed 
page being s% ^5 inches. Sample copies free to pastors and committees, 

* * Laudes Domini for the Prayer Meetings ' * and * * Laudes Domini for the Sunday- 
School*^ complete the series. For descriptive circulars y terms y etc, address y 

THE CENTURY CO., 33 M. 17th Street, New York 



THE CHURCH 

AT HOME AND ABROAD 



FEBRUARY, 1893. 



THE JOY OF WILLING OFFERINGS TO GOD. 



One of the most interesting and beanti- 
fal scenes described in the Old Testament 
is that of the people of Israel presenting 
their offerings to God for the building of 
his house, which was to be ^' exceeding 
magnifical, of fame and glory throughout 
all countries." 1 Chron. xxii, 5. Those 
gifts amounted to an immense sum, suffi- 
cient for the splendid work. Far from 
grudging these, or feeling that they were 
unkindly exacted, the people and their 
king exulted in the privilege with great 
and unusual joy. " Then the people re- 
joiced, for that they offered willingly, be- 
cause with perfect heart they offered 
willingly to the Lord." 1 Chron. xxix, 9. 

They even followed this large contribu- 
tion with a sacrifice of thanksgiying, in 
which a multitude of lambs and bullocks 
and plentiful accompanying drink-offer- 
ings were presented to the Jjord. More 
joyful festivities were never celebrated by 
a happy and thankful people. The nature 
and elements of this joy and the consider- 
ations which sustained it are an interesting 
study. They are set forth most vividly 
in the prayer of King David on the oc- 
casion : 

Blessed be thou, Lord, God of Israel 
our father, for ever and ever. Thine, 
LoBD, is the greatness And the power, and 
the glory, and the victory, and the ma- 



jesty ; for all that is in the heaven and in 
the earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, 
LoBD, and thou art exalted as head 
above all. Both riches and honor come 
of thee, and thou reignest over all ; and in 
thine hand is power and might ; and in 
thine hand it is to make great, and to 
give strength unto all. Now, therefore, 
our God, we thank thee, and praise thy 
glorious name. 1 Chron. xxix, 10-13. 

Deep and true was the piety of the heart 
which poured forth such fervent praise to 
Jehovah. Such a view of God and such 
reverent and loving loyalty to him are 
the only reliable source of pecuniary offer- 
ings for his service from any people in any 
age. 

David disclaimed all credit for the 
offering which he and his people had 
made. ' 'Of thine own have we given thee. " 

Has this sentiment the practical hold 
on us now which it ought to have ? Do we 
not think of ourselves as giving to the Lord, 
to the Church, to Missions, to Charities, 
that which is our own t We know well 
enough that all our means of enjoyment 
and all our means of usefulness belong to 
God. He has caused all of it to come into 
our possession. We hold every dollar of 
it, not merely as his beneficiaries, but also 
as his stewards. We are trustees for him, 
and when His providence shows us how he 
would have us use it, in obeying those in- 

85 



86 



Joy of Willing Offerings to God. 



[^Februaryy 



timations, we are acting simply as honest 
stewards. We are not to admire oarselves 
for giving God His own. 

David and his people felt this, and were 
glad and happy in avowing it. The senti- 
ment was aided to retain its ascendancy in 
their minds by the consideration of the 
fleeting and transitory nature of all their 
connections with earthly possessions and 
scenes. ^' Oar days on earth are as a 
shadow, and there is none abiding." 
David the more easily regarded all his 
earthly possessions as only held in trust 
for God because he cherished the habitual 
recollection of his own mortality. His 
throne and his jewels, his treasures and 
his kingdom — ^he knew that he must soon 
leave them and go to give account of them 
to their real owner. 

Remarkable is David's thankful ac- 
knowledgement of his indebtedness to God 
for the disposition, as well as for the 
ability, to make such offerings to him. 

''Who am I, and what is my people, 
that we should be able to offer so willingly 
after this sort ? " The pious men of the 
Bible habitually ascribed all their^right 
dispositions and doings to a divine influ- 
ence upon them as frankly as they ascribed 
all their enjoyments to a divine bestow- 
ment. The psalms are full of such 
humble and thankful acknowledgements. 
David and his people gratefully acknowl- 
edged this as the best of God's gifts to 
them, that he enabled them to offer so 

willingly. 

Left to itself, the human heart natur- 
ally fastens upon its earthly possessions 
with idolatrous attachment. It is a work 
of God's free grace to unfasten the heart 
from this natural hold, and make it glad 
to give back to God what is his own. 

David saw clearly that no giving with 
the hands can please God unless the heart 
lets go its hold. " I know also, my God, 
that thou triest the heart and hast pleasure 
in uprightness.'' 



We need to be constantly reminded of 
this. Our solemn assemblings our decent 
and orderly behavior, our reverent atti- 
tudes and demeanor and words, our fre- 
quent offerings of money — ^all are in vain 
unless he who sees quite through these, 
looking into our hearts, beholds there sin- 
cerity wd humility and penitence and 
faith. 

David's acknowledgement of depend- 
ence on God for a right disposition of 
mind takes still another form. Looking 
with paternal and patriotic solicitude to 
the future of his people, he earnestly de- 
sired that both the people and his beloved 
Solomon should by the grace of God ever- 
more possess such a spirit as God ' would 
approve. "0 Lord God of Abraham, 
Isaac and of Israel, our fathers, keep this 
forever in the imagination of the thoughts 
of the heart of thy people, and prepare 
their heart unto thee." 



What do we, God's Israel of this time 
and land, now need for the successful ful- 
fillment of the great work for him which 
he is trusting us to do? We ara the rich- 
est people he has in any land, the richest 
he ever had in any age. He is showing us 
uses for our wealth such as David and Sol- 
omon had no opportunity for — ^a work for 
him to which the building of that "mag- 
niflcal" temple was as the acorn to 
the oak. Are we hastening to do it, flU- 
ing his treasury with our gifts, and shout- 
ing forth our thankful gladness for the 
privilege of giving so willingly? 

What do we need? — ^ingenious plans, 
novel methods — thrilling appeals to our 
pity for the hungry and the perishing? 

We need a revival of loving loyalty to 
God. We need to be made to feel that 
this abounding wealth is not our own but 
His, and that He hath need of it. " 
Lord God, keep this in the imagination of 
the thoughts of the heart of thy people, 
and prepare their heart unto thee." 



1893.] 



Beginnings of Presbyterianism on the I^acifie Coast. 



87 



BEGINNINGS OF PRESBYTERIANISM ON THE PACIFIC COAST. 



Suitably supplementary to Dr. BabVs 
article on Oali/ornia, in our last issue, are 
some statements which he has since sent 
us concerning the genesis of the Presby- 
terian Church, in the metropolis of the 
Pacific Coast. . He says that he finds the 
facts in a volume entitled '^A Pioneer 
Pastorate and Times." We give the sub- 

• 

stance of those statements mostly but not 
wholly in the words of Dr. Babb's notes, 
which were written while he was '' quite 
sick." We hope that in that salubrious 
climate his vigor has returned and will 
long continue. 

The First Presbyterian Church of San 
Francisco, was organized. May 20, 1849, 
by Rev. Albert Williams, whose name now 
stands first on the roll of the Presbytery 
of Morris and Orange in the Synod of 
New Jersey. That organization was 
effected in less than two months after Mr. 
Williams* arrival in San Francisco. It 
well iUustrates the cosmopolitan character 
of the early population, that the six mem- 
bers of which that church consisted had 
come from Massachusetts, Vermont, Mich- 
igan, Pennsylvania, Chili, and China — 
one from each. The church was organ- 
ized, and at first worshipped in the school- 
house in which Mr. Williams had opened 
the first school in San Francisco. 

When the congregation outgrew that 
room, they worshipped a while in the 
District Court-room, and then bought the 
marqee of a disbanded mining association, 
and set it up on a lot which Mr. Williams 
had bought for the church. 

In November, 1850, a church built for 
them in New York and paid for mostly by 
members of the Scotch Church in that 
city, arrived in San Francisco. This was 
aet up in Stockton Street, on a more eligi- 
ble lot than that on which their tent had 
been pitched. When the frame was up, 
and partly covered, a storm wrecked it and 
destroyed much of its value. But the 



faith and courage of the little band were 
equal to the emergency. 

That building was found capable of 
seating seven hundred and fifty persons. 
Of the audience that crowded it, at its 
dedication, only fifty were women. 

This new edifice was joyfully occupied 
just five months, and was then consumed 
in one of the great firetf which swept over 
the new city. 

Immediately the brave congregation 
began to build another house, plainer in 
style, but not smaller. After they had 
occupied this a few years^ it also was 
burned. A substantial brick edifice suc- 
ceeded it. But soon that quarter of the 
city became crowded with a Chinese popu- 
lation of such character and habits as 
made the approaches to the church wholly 
unfit and unsafe for children and women. 
The brick church was sold to the Board of 
Foreign Missions, and became the head- 
quarters of the important work since con- 
ducted by them — foreign mission work on 
home mission ground ! 

A new house of worship was bnilt for the 
First Church, in one of the finest locations 
in the city, at the corner of Van Ess Ave- 
nue and Sacramento Street. Dr. Babb 
closes his narrative in the following glow- 
ing words : 

Here the troubles of the church 
seem to have ended, and it has enjoyed, 
since this last removal, under the pastoral 
care of Rev. Robert Mackenzie, D. D,, 
several years of unexampled prosperity. 
It went to the new location in 1886 with a 
roll of only 120 communicants. But it 
gave that year to all objects reported in 
the minutes over $7,000, an average of 
nearly $60.00 to a member. Next year 
the membership was 252 and the contri- 
butions were over $25,000. The year 1888 
shows about the same aggregate and aver- 
age as 1887. But in 1889, the tide still 
rising, with 385 communicants, the 
church gave over $71,000, of which $35,- 
738 was for the cause of Christian Educa- 
tion — ^pretty well for the fortieth anniver- 



88 



The Church and the Fair. 



[Fibnuiry^ 



sary of the first school and first church 
in San Francisco^ so blended in the. person 
and the work of one pioneer pastor. And 
now in the report for 1890 we have a 
crowning demonstration of the fact that 
what is done in faith God will own and 
honor in his own good time. That year 
the first Ohnrch gave to all objects a total 
of $285^400, of which large sum $255,- 
000 went to the endowment of the San 
Francisco Theological Seminary. In 1891 
the contributions as reported in the min- 
utes were over $45,000. In 1892 the 
record of 1891 is doubled, the aggregate 
being over $93,000. 



Thus this church, which had to wander 
for months, like Noah's dove, among the 
tents and shanties of the Golden Gate^ 
which was tried by storm .and fire, after 
having completed its forty years of trial, 
found rest, and then it began to give with a 
liberality that has few parallels. In the 
years '89, '90, '91, '92 the aggregate of its 
contributions was $494,000 ! Do not such 
facts demonstrate that Home Missions pay? 
Should they not stimulate the faith and 
liberality of the Church in this work? 
Plant a church of six members, and only 
the Lord can tell whereunto it may 
grow. 



THE CHURCH AND THE FAIR. 
Wm. C. Gray, Editor of The Interior, 



• Our Detroit Assembly appointed a com- 
mittee to represent our Church in a relig- 
ious exhibit at the Columbian Exposition. 
The Portland Assembly "heartily joined 
with the General Conference of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church in the United 
States, and with other branches of the 
Church of Christ, in recommending to 
all Christians to abstain from patronizing 
the Columbian Exposition in 1893, either 
by sending exhibits there, or buying or 
selling goods there, or attending it in 
person if its gates should be kept open on 
Sunday.'^ The Assembly also ordered 
" that no exhibition be made in the inter- 
ests of the Presbyterian Church, or as rep- 
resenting this Assembly, except with the 
express provision that we reserve the right 
to cover our exhibit on the Lord's day, if 
the Exposition be opened on that day." 

The Assembly also disapproved partici- 
pation in the parliament of religions. 
What our committee will do is not yet 
decided upon. By the time this is printed 
Congress may haye taken action. But 
even that will not end the controversy. 
The question has been taken into the 
courts, on injunction proceedings, to for- 
bid the Exposition authorities from clos- 
ing Jackson and Washington Parks against 
the public on Sundays. In this way they 
maybe able to hold on to the congressional 
appropriation, and yet violate the agree- 
ment under apparent legal compulsion. 



The Roman Catholics will make a great 
display of their educational and other 
work, and show a rich and attractive line 
of historic mementoes. They are auto- 
cratic and dictatorial. At the opening 
exercises, in October, their demands were 
unlimited and the conduct of theii pre- 
lates contemptible. Indecision and con- 
fusion on the part of the Evangelical 
bodies over the closing question will put 
them at disadvantage, should an exhibit, 
at a later date, be decided upon. 

I should like to speak more hopefully of 
the moral and religious prospects of our 
city and the Fair for next summer. We 
shall have a godless revel every Sabbath, 
and the day will be trodden under foot. 
The lake will be white with steamers and 
sailing craft, the rails hot with excursions, 
the theatres running night and day, the 
saloons all open, and the emissaries of 
hell turned loose upon us. We shall be 
Paris without the outward veil of French 
refinement — and all this no matter what 
Congress may do or not do in regard to 
repealing or modifying the closing clause. 
Chicago is the chief publishing center, in 
this country, of obscene literature and 
art. 

Per contra, special activity is now in 
progress to suppress the worst things. 
The Society for the Prevention of Vice in 
December jailed eight publishers within 
one week, and the effort to awaken public 



1893.] 



2 he Church and the Fair. 



8» 



sentiment on this subject has been success- 
ful. The worst gambling association in 
the country, at Garfield Park race tracks, 
has been broken up by a St. Louis gam- 
bler who has planted the same kind of a 
concern just out of the city limits. He 
wanted to monopolize the business him- 
self I The tract and publication societies 
and the Bible society are preparing for the 
active dissemination of religious literature. 
Oar churches will all be ready, with 
preaching in all of them and active com- 
mittee work all summer and larger ac- 
commodations for the mid-week meetings 
— everything that they can do. Mr. 
Moody will organize the greatest cam- 
paign of his life. Already he has secured 
the services of Drs. Munro Gibson of 
London, J. Pindar of Poland, F. Schri- 
verea of Italy^ besides Whittle, MacNeill, 
Meyer, Torrey, Merton Smith, and others; 
also for singers, Saukey, Stebbins, Burke, 
Towner, Lowe, and some fine clearly-artic- 
ulating women soprano soloists. Many 
more preachers and singers will be en- 
gaged. This will require one tabernacle 
seating ten thousand and a number of 
tents seating from one thousand upward. 
The cost will be about $100,000. The 
details are not yet worked out, but I sup- 
pose there will be quite an army of volun- 
teers drilled for personal work, as oppor- 
tunity offers. 

Just here comes in a scheme which I 
originated, but now wish I had not. I 
said to the promoters, who were so solici- 
tious about the fata of the crowds to be 
shut out on Sunday : ' ' If you will close the 
buildings but open the park gates, and set 
up a score of preaching places, with 150,- 
000 chairs, we will see that the people 
have a chance to hear the gospel and 
worship God on the Sabbath." They bit 
at it like bass. Our mayor recommended 
it to the city council, and the council re- 
commended it to Congress. Even the 
Devil can be funny. What do you sup- 
pose is the form in which our saloon- 
councilmen practically put it? One 
preaching stand and 1,500,000 glasses of 
beer! 

We shall have a congress of the religious 
press, lasting three days. The Y. M. 0. 
A. are getting ready for active work in 
their line — ^very important work. They 
ought to be well supplied with funds for 



it. The Christian Endeavorers will also be 
on hand in their young and pure entbusi^- 
asm, and the W. C. T. U. intend to put 
in their best year's work. The fair is to 
last six months. As all sorts of Christian 
work progress, new plans and enterprises 
will be suggested. We count much on 
Mr. Moody's powers of organization, ex- 
perience and solid common sense for the- 
general management; and also on the- 
authority which he possesses because of 
the general confidence in him. We mean 
to do the best we can, and we count oi» 
our brethren from all parts of the world 
as volunteers in any work that is open U> 
them. Is it not possible that at the end 
we shall be able to look back, and then in 
each others faces, with Christian congrat- 
ulations ? 



Of course this is possible, Brother Gray, 
Bemember the story of Daniel Webster 
and the crowd that was gathered to hear 
his oration at the laying of the comer 
stone of the Bunker Hill Monument? 
They were pressing against the platform 
so hard that there was danger of its falling 
with serious if not fatal effect. Webster 
requested them to move back. Those 
nearest, pressed upon by the host behind , 
cried, "Mr. Webster, it is impossible.'* 
Lifting himself to the full height of his 
majestic stature, extending his arm and 
waving it above them, the great orator 
thundered: " On Bunker Hill, nothing is 
impossible. ^^ The vast mass surged back- 
ward and the danger was past. 

After the demonstrations which the na- 
tion and the world have seen of energy 
and enterprise in that marvel of cities^ 
her orators or her editors could scarcely 
be deemed extravagant if they should say^ 
*' In Chicago, nothing is impossible,^* 
Surely, with such instruments and agen- 
cies and opportunities as are providentially 
within reach, it would be unchristian 
cowardice to forget that with God alt 
things are possible. The saloonists and 
gamblers may have forgotten this. The 
churches must not forget it. *' When the 



90 



Henry KeiuiaU. 



[February^ 



wicked, mine enemies and my foes came 
upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled 
and fell. Though an host should encamp 
against me, my heart shall not fear ; though 



war should rise against me, in this will I 
be confident." 

^' The Lord of hosts is with us; the God 
of Jacob is our refuge." 



HENRY KENDALL. 



[Just before we have filled the pages of this 
«heet, which though first in the order of reading 
are the last to be sent to press, we gladly receive 
-a proof copy of the pamphlet which is about to 
be issued containing "A Memorial Discourse 
delivered in New York and Brooklyn, November 
20, 1893, at the request ef the Board of Home Mis- 
sions by Edward D. Morris." 

We hope that our readers will not be satisfied 
without obtaining and reading the entire dis- 
course, but are thankful for this opportunity to 
give them a taste of it. 

The Board of Home Missions could not have 
found any other man better able to depict the 
life and character of their illustrious Secretary 
than Dr. Morris. None knew him better or 
appreciated him more justly or is better qualified 
to point the way for the continued progress of 
the great work of which he was lately the leader. 
It is only this admirable pointing forward with 
which this discourse closes, for which we have 
space. It is in these clear, true, forceful words :] 

Saffer me to ask jast here, before I turn 
from this survey, whether this grand enter- 
prise, to which in all these varied aspects 
the thoughts and strength of Dr. Ken- 
dall were so entirely consecrated, has 
reached the summit of its possibilities? 
Has the marvelous growth of the past^ 
like that of the human body, attained its 
appointed maturity? Has our Church 
done its allotted work in the evangelizing 
of the nation ? As we look out over the 
continent, with all its materials, monu- 
ments, prospects, possibilities, must we 
not rather say that this missionary work 
is as yet only in its beginning ? Must we 
cot rather conclude that all the various 
efforts and processes now combined in it 
flhould be more fully utilized — more dili- 
gently used ? Must we not rather antici- 
pate that, as in the past, new opportuni- 
ties^ will present themselves — new calls 
will be heard — new progress made, not 
only along lines already traversed in part, 
but in new directions, and with new and 
added instrumentalities ? And what would 
the clarion voice of Henry Kendall say, 
if he were here, but the single and decisive 
word — Adv A NCE ! There is no doubt that 
the snstentation of churches and the sup- 



port of missionaries in the Eastern States, 
and even as far as the Mississippi, ought 
very soon to be cared for by synodical or 
other provincial agencies, so that the 
Board might be free to employ its resources 
entirely in more distinctively missionary 
work. There is no doubt that the task of 
organizing new churches along the front- 
iers will become less and less prominent as 
the frontiers themselves are slowly reced- 
ing from view. There is no room for 
doubt that many of the churches now de- 
pendent on the Board for aid will be able 
within the next decade or two, not only 
to care for themselves, but to con- 
tribute largely toward the prosecution of 
the work along other lines. But in such 
a nation as ours, on such a continent as 
this, there is no room to doubt that fur- 
ther advances are inevitable, and that the 
mission of our beloved Church to the mil- 
lions who ought to people this continent 
will grow in variety, in magnitude, in 
preciousness, even for generations to come. 
And were Henby jiSendall here we 
should hear his voice, like that of a gen- 
eral commanding a victorious Army, shout- 
ing still the battle cry of advance, ad- 
vance, advance, until the kingdom of 
Christ shall be established from ocean to 
ocean. 

But let us return from these visions, 
past and present, and prospective, of the 
grand work, to look once more, amid our 
tears, on the dead face of the man whom 
Qod had ordained to be thus a prophet 
unto the nation, and who through more 
than a generation conferred not with flesh 
and blood, in the expenditure of his life 
and all his marked powers in 'that grand 
work. When less than a year ago I saw 
Dr. Kendall for the last time, his physi- 
cal vigor plainly declining, his strong 
mind moving less vigorously along its 
cherished lines of thinking, his end of the 
long day of service obviously drawing near, 
it seemed to me a sore pity that such a 



1893.] 



Henry Kendall, 



91 



personality could not be Bet free from the 
decrepitudes of a perishing bodily organ- 
ism, and put into some new organism, re- 
plete with the vigor of early manhood^ and 
ready for another half century of labor for 
Ood and for man. How touching it was 
to see the old love for the old work, flash- 
ing out from every feature, and to hear 
the old voice, strong and hearty still, as he 
spoke of Home Missions, in the old tones 
of faith and courage, and expressed the 
hope that there might yet be something 
for him to do in the old and loved sphere. 
It seemed as if heaven itself was hardly so 
attractive a vision, to him, as that one 
vision on which his mind had been gazing 
for thirty years — the vision of a Christian- 
ized nation, and of the Church he loved 
standing within it as an angel of blessing, 
with outstretched hands, giving the Gos- 
pel to every hamlet and to every heart 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific sea. 

But the long day of service was ending; 
the sunset had passed, and the evening 
star, with its one clear call, was already 
shining. Progressive enfeeblement, slight 
prostrations, the slower throbbing of the 
heart, the narrowing limitations of step 
and movement, went on and on. The 
city was exchanged for the pleasant vil- 
lage home, and the busy office for the 
chamber of seclusion; work ceased, and 
care faded away like the retreating shadow 
of a cloud; the wearied body more and 
more confessed its growing infirmity and 
waste, until at last the final lapse into un- 
consciousness, and the supreme hou^ came ; 
and out of all the freed spirit passed up- 
ward to its Maker and Redeemer: and 
then the world was darker for us all! 

And yet it is a pleasant and profitable 
task to contemplate a life so well finished, 
and a personality so strong and so sancti- 
fied, alike for service, and for death and 
eternity. Enough has been intimated 
already respecting the natural endowments 
of Dr. Kendall — ^his vigorous intellect, 
his comprehending and organizing ca- 
pacity, ms firm will, his native power to 
command men, and to carry forward his 
chosen work, through many instrumen- 
talities, to a successful completion. Some- 
thing has been suggested also respecting 
his religious nature and attainments, and 
the large gifts and equipments for service 
conferred on him by the Spirit of God. 



But much more might be said by those 
who were permitted to pass through the 
somewhat reserved portals of his nature, 
and to become familiar with its more 
interior sentiments and tendencies. Men 
sometimes thought him brusque in man- 
ner, and even dictatorial in his admin- 
istration, as indeed, in such administra- 
tion, he was on occasions almost com- 
pelled to be. Yet how many mission- 
aries there are who can testify how gentle 
and brotherly he was in the delicate rela- 
tions he sustained toward them on the one 
hand and toward the Church on the 
other! Men sometimes thought him too 
strenuous a denominationalist, and too 
eager in the prosecution of his particular 
work. But, while he believed in a type 
of Calvinism that was strong as well as 
irenic, and eminently preachable and 
practicable, and therefore worthy of uni- 
versal proclamation, he loved all who 
loved Christ, and his broad evangelic 
sympathies, developed through his wide 
observation of the spiritual needs of men, 
rendered it impossible for him to be a 
partisan, even in the interest of the 
Church and the faith he loved so ardently. 
Nor could those who were brought into 
contact with his stalwart nature amid the 
perplexities and conflicts incident to the 
position he filled, and who knew him 
only as the true, sagacious, positive, 
sturdy and sedate man of affairs, realize 
how much he loved home and children, 
and all dear and endearing things. I 
have heard his voice tremble like that of a 
woman when he spoke, though but rarely, 
of his own little ones gone, and confessed 
the emptiness and the longing that had 
come to him through their translation. 
How patient he was, not only under such 
bereavement, but in and through all the 
troubles and burdens that came upon him, 
from time to time, in the discharge of his 
difficult duties, none can know but those 
of us CO whom he poured out his feelings 
in the intimacies of fraternal correspond- 
ence or fellowship! But his faith, and 
his courage, and his sense of a divine call 
and endowment were strong enough to 
lift him above all earthly trouble; and his 
peace of spirit, amid whatever disturb- 
ance, often seemed to me, like the peace 
of a mountain, serene and sunny at its 
summit, whatever storms might sweep 



92 



Safe Arrival of Dr. Good at Batanga — Good Words. [^Fehnuiry^ 



around its lower altitudes. And so, along 
all these lines of experience, and in and 
through his varied labors, he grew with 
the years, more and more^ into the mag- 
nificence of a truly Christianized man- 
hood — one of the most conspicuous per- 
sonalities, one of the most useful and 



noble minds among the men of his gen- 
eration in our great Church. Long may 
his name be honored, and long may his 
influence be felt, and long may his 
example and his unique and signal work 
bean inspiration to the generations that 
shall follow. 



All the pages which follow this are in print 
before this and those preceding it. This enables 
us to give our readers here an interesting note 
from Africa received too late for insertion in the 
pages especially devoted to Foreign Missions. 

The last African mail brings tidings of the 
safe arrival of Dr. Good at Batanga from his 
second tour of exploration in the interior. 
This will be welcome news to many who 
have been devoutly praying for the success of 
the enterprise. The exploring party con- 
sisted of Dr. Good and seven, native men 
who carried food and trade goods with which 
to purchase food on the journey. They were 
absent thirty-five days and marched about 
four hundred miles. Although exposed to no 
little hardship and privation Dr. Good re- 
turned in excellent health. He is profoundly 
impressed with the field which opens before 
us in the interior — the greatness of the popu- 
lation, ^e unity of language, notwithstand- 
ing difference of dialect, the accesibility of 
the people and the relative healthfulness of 
the climate marking it as a field of large 
promise. The field which Dr. Good regards 
as ours i;o occupy for Chr st, and on the 
borders of which we are already established, 
extends northward from the Campo River to 
the frontier of the Soudan north of Ze- 
wondo, and as far into the interior as we 
choose to penetrate. God give us courage to 
occupy I 

A full account of this interesting journey 
will appear in the next number. 



Errata. — On page 184, second column, eighth 
line, omit "not; " in sixth line from bottom add 
s to "Department:" on page 143, the figures 
giving the height above the sea of Mr. Ford's 
<* summer camping ground" should be 6,000, 
not 600 feet. 



Just as we are about ready to go to press, 

comes a letter with the following good words 

in it. 

The Y. P. S. C. E., of Montclair, in arranging 
for a missionary meeting, are desirous of having 
some one authorized to take subsQriptions for 
the Church at Home aitd Abroad. I write to 
ask if I can have that authority. If all right, 
will you kindly send me a few sample copie&? 
Our object is to get the missionary magazines 
into the homes of the young people. 

Most gladly do we send sample copies as 
desired. As gladly will we send to any others, 
for similar use. Most thankful are we for such 
help. Is not what these young people propose 
a real Christian endeawrf 



The inadvertence of omitting the Business 
Superintendent's address from the January num- 
ber has brought to the editor's desk many letters 
which should have been addressed to Mr. Black. 
These are mostly pleasant reading, but they 
take time needed for the editor's proper work. 
Please address all business letters to Mr. John A. 
Black, 1834 Chestnut Street. 

In letters which the editor has thus received, 
he finds such words as these: 

" The magazine has become a household neces- 
sity in our home, and its monthly visits are 
warmly welcomed. S. L. M." 

"Having taken the magazine since the first 
year of its publication, I should feel lost with- 
out it. Mrs. E. W. H." 

Also some such as this: 

"Please discontinue the Church at Hoxb 
AND Abroad forwarded to me, I should like to 
continue it, but have not time to read it for 
press of other work and reading matter. 

Rev. T. J." 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



TBEA.SUREB'S STATEMB5fr OP RBOECPTS, MAY 1 TO DEO. 31, 1891 AND 1897. 





CBURGKKS. 


WOMUr^SB^DB. 


SAB. SCHOOLS 


T. P. 8. O. B. 


LBOACIBS. 


jaSCKUaVBOCS 


TOTAL. 


1801 
1898 


$97.4D1 88 
95,090.88 


188,075 68 
86,806 18 


$11,877 91 
18,801 60 


$8,006 48 
5,041 66 


$59.009 08 
*10ai788 81 


$44,189 41 
88,978 88 


$808,868 58 
889,496 86 


Oaln 

LOM 


$8,810 45 


$8,880 40 


$888 88 


$8,846 81 


$48,779 78 


$6,161 18 


$86,807 07 



* The Board has reocjlyed from the estate of MrB^^Mary Stewart $50,000, subject to a refunding bond and InteresL 

Total appropriated $999,968 18 

Deflcit of May 1,1898 54,58106 

Total needed for year.... 1,054,480 18 

Beceived from all sources to January 1, 1E03 889,496 85 

Amount to be reoeiTed before May 1, 1808, to meet aU obligations 714,998 98 

Becelyed last year, January 1, 1808, to May 1,1898 088,008 89 

Increase needed before the end of the year • 186,989 04 

Ooples furnished on application. 

The above accoants show an increase in the Board's receipts up to December 81 of $86,207.67, 
but it should be noted that the increase is almost entirely from legacies, owing to the receipt of 
$50,000 from the estate of Mrs. Stuart. This money is received in advance of the time it is due, 
subject to refunding bond and interest at 6 per cent., and enables us to cancel the deficit cf May 1, 
1892. The churches, however, still remain behind in their gifts, and a large increase is needed to 
close the year without debt. 

The underlying question is whether the Church is determined to give the Gospel to those who 
have not received it, and whether each member of the Church has done .what he could for this 
object. 



A noble friend of Foreign Missions, hitherto 
unknown by name in the Mission Rooms, 
and who insists on withholding his name from 
the public, has offered to become responsible 
for the salary of a new ordained married 
missionary. He proposes to make quarterly 
payments, beginning January Ist, 1893. As 
most of our missionaries leave for their fields 
in the Autumn, he will allow the accumulation 
to go towards the outfit and travelling 
expenses of the missionary and his wife. 
This generous offer provides for one of more 
than a score of ordained missionaries who 
ought to be sent to the missions next year. 
Who will provide for a second? 



Our treasurer recently received a draft for 
$250, the gift of an aged couple, *^ as a thank- 



offering for the many blessings received 
during their long married life.*' So writes 
the treasurer of the church to which the gift 
is credited. What a beautiful illustration of 
bringing forth fruit in old age I 



For some time past the members of the 
Syria Mission, including those in this country^ 
have united their hearts in prayer at noon 
each day for '^the outpouring of the Holy 
Spirit on the missionaries, native teachers, 
and preachers, and congregations of Syria; 
also on all those who are being, and have 
been taught in our schools, and for the pro- 
tection and continuance of those schools in 
view of the present threatening attitude of 
the Government; also for a general awaken- 
ing in the land of Syria, and an ingathering 

98 



94 



^oies — Missionary Calendar — Besoluiions. 



IFebruan/j 



of many souls." This surely meets the con- 
dition, '* If two of you shall agr^e." 



The rescue and protection of Chinese girls 
on the Pacific Coast is no easy task. It calls 
for the utmost vigilance, and frequently 
involves humiliating and trying experiences. 
Recently Mrs. Holt, the wife of the Rev. W. 
8. Holt, of our Chinese Mission in Portland, 
was sued for $2000, on the charge of ^^harbor- 
ing a runaway wife," she, with others of our 
ladies having refused to surrender a Chinese 
girl who had sought the shelter of our Port- 
land Home. The prosecution failed to estab- 
lish its case, but one of the friends of Mrs. 
Holt had to pay $100 for costs. When will 
these iniquities cease ? 



The attention of Young People^s Societies 
is called to the fact that magic lantern slides 
of several countries occupied as mission fields 
are in course of preparation. Each set is to 
be accompanied by a lecture explaining the 
pictures. That on India is now ready. The 
rental is one dollar for each exhibition in 
addition to express charges. Inquiries should 
be addressed to Mr. W. Henry Grant, No. 58 
Fifth Avenue, New York. 



The Annual Reports from India have not 
yet reached us, but a recent letter states that 
baptisms in the Lodiana Mission during the 
past year have been quite in excess of any 
year in its history. 



MISSIONARY CALENDAR. 

DBPARTUKB. 

From San Francisco, for Siam mission, 
Dec. 15, Rev. E. P. Dunlap and family 
(returning); for Central China mission, 
Rev. D. N. Lyon (returning); for Tokyo 
mission. Miss A. B. West (returning). 

ARRIVAL. 

Prom Peking, China, Nov., B. C. At- 
terbury, M. D., and Mrs. Atterbury; from 
Mexico City, Mexico, Nov. 12, Miss Ella 
DeBaun. 



The Permanent Committee on Foreign 
Missions of the Synod of New York, Rev. 
John Balcom Shaw, D. D., Chairman, re- 
cently held a meeting in the Mission Rooms 
with the chairmen of the Presbyterial com- 
mittees of the Synod. Fifteen Presbyteries 
were represented. . The programme, pre- 
pared in advance, suggested practical topics 
which were carefully considered, the officers 
of the Board taking part in the discussion on 
invitation. As an outcome of the discussions 
the following resolutions were adopted : 

1. Resolved^ That this Conference urge 
Presbyteries to make careful preparation for 
the Synodical Missionary Conference to be 
held in the spring. 

2. Resolved^ That this Conference recom- 
mends to the Presbyteries of this Synod to 
consider not later than the next spring meet- 
ing, the advisableness of overturing the (Gen- 
eral Assembly in favor of holding a National 
Conference in behalf of Missions, including 
the work of the Boards of Foreign and Home 
Missions and Freedmen. 

8. Resolved^ That Presbyterial Committees 
be urged to put themselves in communication 
with Sessions, with a view to securing the 
appointment, in every individual church 
under its charge, of a Committee on Foreign 
Missions, representing all its various depart- 
ments of aggressive work. 

4. Resolved^ That each Presbyterial Com- 
mittee be urged to secure a missionary con- 
ference of the Young People's Societies of 
the Presbytery, if possible in connection vrith 
one of the meetings of Presbytery. 

5. Resolved^ That the Board of Foreign 
Missions be requested to prepare a leaflet for 
general distribution in our churches on the 
subject of indiscriminate giving. 

At midday a pleasant hour was spent in 
Lenox Hall where, through the kindness of 
Mr. Cleveland H. Dodge, a bountiful lunch 
was served. The meeting was admirable 
throughout and cannot fail to be helpful to 
the cause of Foreign Missions. Can not 
other Synods, especially in the older states, 
profit by the example? 



Attention is called to a letter in this issue from 
the Kev. F. B. Curtis of Hiroshima, Japan, giv- 



1893.] 



An Afternoon at the Royal Korean SospitaL 



95 



iDg an account of a recent bitter persecution on 
the part of the Buddhists. Additional facts on 
the same subject have been received from the 
Rev. A. V. Bryan, also of our Mission in Hiro- 
shima. Happily no personal assault had been 
made up to the date of writing beyond the pelt- 
ing of two Japanese preachers with gravel. 
Thus far the authorities seem to have been both 
able and willing to hold the mob in check, the 
police on one occasion even escorting our mis- 
sionaries to their homes. This active opposition 
stands in sharp contrast with the former listless- 
ness and indifference of the Buddhists in Hiro- 
shima, and it is to be accounted for by the pres- 
ence of four active Protestant bodies and one 
Romish and one Greek Church which have 
gradually established themselves in the city. 
8nch persecution, however, is to be regarded as 
one of the hopeful signs that a vitalizing Chris- 
tianity is making itself felt in Japan. 



Rey. George Pierson writes that some Japa- 
nese students have the dangerous impression that 
the teachings of Jesus are in part Jioben; e, g. 
when Christ speaks of the Father, he uses this 
form of speech to give the common people a 
motive for morality, and does not mean to deceive 
any more than the Buddhists do when they 
preach Paradise and Hell in order to induce a 
higher type of morals in men. Then too, that if 
we conform to reason we shall do about right, 
and that such conformity is about the real mean- 
ing of all the better religions. I hear this, or 
something like it, from students. This uncon- 
sciously patronizing attitude is rather lofty from 
our standpoint. We should try to present Christ 
rather than Christianity, and life rather than 
teaching. This presentation of Christianity is 
coming more into prominence I hope. 



Db. Brioos writes from Lakawn, Laos: — 
Moung Praa is just in the right condition to 
enter at once. To think that there is only one 
reason why we cannot enter is the saddest of all, 
viz: "There is not money enough.*' One can- 



not describe the heart sickness that comes over 
one when the cry comes to go and take the 
light into the darkness, and we say, "No, 
there is not money enough." I would those at 
home could only see and hear what we see and 
hear, 

AN AFTERNOON AT THE ROYAL _ 
KOREAN HOSPITAL. 

C, 0. VINTON, M. D., SEOUL. 

The number of women and children was not 
great, some six or eight only. Nearly all 
came for the relief of disfignring sores, such 
as ulcerated enlargements of the glands in 
the neck, or irritating eruptions. One 
woman brought a two-year-old child, whom 
she had carried nearly a hundred miles, only 
to learn that its blindness was irremediable. 
Another, a resident of Seoul, paid the third 
visit with her little girl of nine, from whose 
eyes under treatment the clouded inflammation 
was slowly disappearing. 

Seated in a squarely-built but comfortable 
chair of Chinese make, beside a western 
window, record-book on knee, I write upon a 
small square of paper the number of each 
applicant and a symbol or two to denote her 
treatment. At my left stands the ^^ amah,*' 
a kindly old body, whose duty it is to accom- 
pany and assist all female patients. At my 
right a *''• chusah " is seated, a man of rank in 
the kingdom, a government attache of the 
institution, whose duty it is to act as my in- 
terpreter. Around the walls are cases of 
instruments, for, though sadly lacking in 
many other essentials, this hospital is re- 
puted to possess the best collection of surgi- 
cal instruments in the Blast. 

These women are short of stature and 
hare, almost all of them, a stoop of the 
shoulders, due to their habit of walking 
leaning upon a long staff, and of carrying 
heavy childrem tied upon their backs. They 
are brown of skin — the brown of the Japa- 
nese. Their skirts, gathered in many folds, 
are tied just beneath the shoulders, and their 
jackets, usually of gay colors, come down 
only to the same leveL Upon the streets 
they cover their heads with dark green cloaks, 
which they gather with one hand around the 



96 



Wolf Boy of Seeundra, 



\Fibruary^ 



face. The dress of the children is nearly all 
of bright red, bat so seldom, in most instan- 
ces, is it changed or washed that its color 
resembles more nearly that of the groand. 

After they had all been served and had 
carried their prescriptions to the dmggist^s 
window, the end door was opened and the 
men and boys admitted. These were a dirtier, 
more unkempt company by far than the 
women, and yet among them not a few 
scholars, and men of rank for the most part, • 
pleasant to look upon in white flowing robes 
and well adjusted black horse-hair hats. 
White being the national dress, only those of 
the better classes can afford the cost of fre- 
quent washings, and the 'garments of toilers 
soon acquire a grime anything but pictur- 
esque. There is often some conflict at the 
door between those who are striving to enter, 
but ^^ first come, first served '' is the rule, and 
the servants soon enforce good behavior. 
These men with bundles in cloth slung over 
their shoulders are all from the country. 
Some have come from distant provinces to 
attend and compete in the government exam- 
inations, or ^'quaggas,*' and some are farm- 
ers whom one cause or another has brought 
to the city and to the hospital. In many in- 
stances the complaint is of ^^haktjil,^' or 
ague, and the request is directly for quinine, 
whose virtue they well know. Sometimes in 
this and in the contagious skin diseases I 
have application for medicine not merely for 
one individual, but for a whole family at 
home, or even, as has once happened, by a 
committee of two for all the soldiers quar- 
tered in a certain barracks. 

A frequently recurring ailment is dys- 
pepsia, and no wonder, for rice, their staple 
diet, is so deficient in nutritious properties 
that they must constantly overload their 
stomachs in order to sustain life, and this, 
with the prevalent use of **syoul," or bean- 
wine, rapidly breaks down the digestion. 

I cannot yet speak enough Korean to talk 
with any of these people on religious topics, 
and at the hospital it is not possible, because 
of government opposition, for anyone else to 
oome and hold services or engage in such 
conversation. But at my morning hour of 
dispensary work in the drug-room attached 



to my house I have an opportunity of freer 
intercourse; and there some have been told 
of the true religion. For the most part I am 
now simply winning the regard of the peo- 
ple and studying the language, which at 
present is a barrier but will later be a chan- 
nel of intercourse between them and me. 



THE WOLFBOY OF SBCUNDRA. 

[A little tract with the above .title recalls one 
of the most remarkable sights we saw during our 
recent visit to India. While the honored guests 
of the Rev. Colin S. Valentine, M. D., L. L. D., 
Principal of the Agra Medical Missionary Train- 
ing Institute at Agra, our generous host took us 
to see the tomb of the celebrated Emperor Akbar 
Shah at Secundra, a few miles from Agra. Near 
the tomb is the Secundra Orphanage, an institu- 
tion of the Church Missionary Society, which 
occupies the tomb — an immense building— of 
some noted personage whose name is long since 
forgotten. One of the inmates of that Orphan- 
age is Sanichar, the Wolf -Boy, whose remarka- 
ble story Dr. Valentine relates "freed from all 
embellishments. '* The pen pro trait is admirable, 
describing the man — for he is no longer a boy — 
as we saw him. Strange, yet true ! The tract is 
printed by the "Secundra Orphanage Press," 
Secindra, N. W, P., India, and may be had for 
eight annas, or about eighteen cents, besides 
postage. The main facts from the pen of Dr. 
Valentine are given below. J. G.] 

Early in 1867, a number of natives who 
were in search of large game in the unfre- 
quented jungles of Bulandshahr, situated 
in the North West Provinces of India, 
surprised a stray woU which they followed 
to a dwarfed-hillock. Out of this hillock 
rose a rock, and on this rock, evidently 
sunning itself, sat a dark curious-looking 
object, which^ to their utter astonishment, 
turned out to be a human being, who, on 
seeing the hunters approach, sprang from 
its eminence, and, running on all fours, 
ent^ed a cave along with the startled 
wolf. 

Unable or afraid to unearth the strange 
object, but, feeling that something should 
be done in that direction, the natives 
communicated with the Magistrate of Bu- 
landshahr, who advised them to kindle a 
fire at the mouth of the cave and smoke 
the curious "find" from its den. This 
was done, and done so successfully that 
the creature preceded by the wolf, rushed 
from the cave, and, after a short struggle, 
during which several of the natives were 
bitten, was captured. 



1893] 



Wdf Boy oj Secumlm. 



97 



On tlie fouilb Jay of Felraary 1867, 
Bent by the Magistrate already referred to, 
the boy was received into the Secnndra 
Orphanage; and, as the day happened to 
be a Saturday, he was named Sanichar. 
For a considerable time after he entered 
the Orphanage, all attempts to get him to 
conduct himself aa a human being failed. 
He persisted in eating his food from the 
ground, picking up vegetables with hia 
lips, and gnawing the flesh from bones 
with his teeth, like a camiTorons animal ; 
and the clothes with which he was sup- 
plied he tore into shreds, and cast them 
from him as encumbersnces. By and by, 
however, he grew docile, and conformed to 
his new surroundings ao farae to submit to 
wear clothes, and eat hie food — native 
fuhlon — with his fingers. 

At the present time Sinichar must be 
about thirty years of age, but lookaolder. 
His head is small, his brow uncommonly 
low and contracted, while his eyes, in 
proportion to his head and face are large 
and of a greyish color, restless and squint- 
ing. He has a etnal), thin, wrinkled face 
on which are one or two lai^e cicatrices, 
marks, no doubt, of what have been 
severe bites. These are also found on 
other parts of his body and are evident 
BigDB of the rough treatment to which he 
was involuntarily subjected when living in 
the cave with his nnamiable companions. 
His height, when he stands erect, is Ave 
feet two inches. In walking, he lifts his 
feet like one wading through wet grass, 
and when he moves along, the whole mus- 
cles of his body seem to be undergoing a 
series of jerks, while his arms are thrown 
about in such a manner as to convey the 
impression that they must materially assist 
bim in his progress. His head also con- 
tinually in motion, turning from side to 
side with great rapidity, while his eyes, 
which have at all times a hungry appear- 
ance, glare, as if be expected an attack 
from some unseen enemy. When viewed 
from behind as he walks, or when he stands 
in front of you with his head inclined to 
one side, rolling his large grey eyes, beat- 
ing upon his stomach to Aow ^at he is 
hungry, or imitating the smoking of a 
cigar, of which he is extremely fond, 
griuniDg and uttering inarticulate and 
Don-nnderstandahle sonnds, he certainly 
does present a strange appearance.- Still, 



I think visitors are, attirat, disappointed 
with him, having expected to find him 
bearing a great resemblance to the lower 
creation than he really does. In fact, 
people who visit him for the first time ex- 
pect to see a wolf who has spent his early 
years among boys, rather than a boy whose 
infancy was spent among wolves. I saw 
him immediately after he had been received 
into tlie Orphanage, and have seen him 
manytimes since, and T cannot help think- 
ing that the missionaries in whose charge 
he was placed, made a very great mistake 
when they concluded that, hia infancy and 
incipient boyhood having been spent 



among wolves, jt would be impossible to 
teach him anything. 

One of the missionaries in writing about 
the boy says that ' 'all attempts to teach him 
to speak have failed," a state of things not 
tobewonderedatcoDsideringthatheisdeaf 
and consequently dumb. Whether he was 
bom in this condition or through some 
cause unknown has lost the power of hear- 
ing and speech, I have not been able to 
determine, but that he is deaf and dumb, 
and has been so since I first aaw him, I 
have not the slightest doubt. Notwith- 
standing all this, however, I have always 
found him wonderfully intelligent. By 
the use of signs I can get him to do almost 
anything I wish, sit, stand, walk, run. 
Had it been poor Sanichar'B fortune to be 



98 



" Oriental Religions and Christianity. 



9> 



IFibruarj/y 



placed under the care of the good doctor 
who did 80 much for Laura Bridgemau, it 
is just possible that his faculties might 
have been sufficiently developed to enable 
him to impart at least a moity of informa- 
tion concerning his life at the time he was 
fomd in the wolf's den. This we say 
without the slightest reflection on those 
who have had him in charge. Indeed one 
cannot but feel grateful to the missionaries 
for what they have done for him and for 
thousands of other orphans they have 
protected and trained ; and I cannot close 
this brief account of poor Sanichar with- 
out giving it as my firm conviction that 
there exists not in these provinces, an in- 
stitution more deserving of the consider- 
ation and practical support of those whose 
delight it is to spend their money on New 
Testament lines, than is the Secundra 
Orphanage^ the home of the wolf boy, 
Sanichar. 



As Mr. Sperry, the new United States 
Minister to Persia, has arrived there, we 
are well assured of early redress for recent 
wrongs to our school and church at Ta- 
briz. 



^'ORIENTAL RELIGIONS AND 
CHRISTIANITY. '^ 

REV. JAMES 8. DEKNI8. 
[Dr. ElliDwood'8 Recent Volume.] 

The year 1892 has brought us a rich in- 
voice of fresh and valuable missionary 
literature, which is exceptional in its range 
and variety. We have the lives of Martyn, 
Carey, Gilmour, Paton, and Mackey, (the 
two latter for youthful readers,) and a 
noble volume on India, by Bishop J. M. 
Thoburn ; another on Mexico by Dr. W. 
Butler; another on Japan, by Dr. M. L. 
Gordon, and another entitled "Four Years 
in Upper Burma," by Rev. W. R. Wins- 
ton. There is also the timely and won- 
derfully stimulating Centenary Volume 
of the Baptist Missionary Society of Eng- 
land, giving the magnificent record of 
the century since Carey uttered that no^' 
famous missionary watchword : ' ^ Expect 
great things from God; attempt great 
things for God; " and a little volume en- 
titled, '* Serampore Letters," being an 



unpublished correspondence of Carey and 
others with John Williams. Rev. G. W. 
Gilmore has given us a book on Korea ; Dr. 
Thwing has published a suggestive volume 
upon Eastern missions and their environ- 
ment, to which he has given the title, 
'' Ex Oriente." We have '' The Story of 
Uganda." by Sarah G. Stock, and "Troph- 
ies from African Heathenism," by Robert 
Young, and two little volumes entitled 
"Missionary Points and Pictures," and 
" Missionary Landscapes in the Dark 
Continent;" by Rev. James Johnston. 
"The Bishop's Conversion," is full 
of point and pathos, and gives a liv- 
ing picture of life in India, and is a 
bright rejoinder to many shallow criti- 
cisms which are current just now. What 
promises to be one of the most popular 
volumes on China and the Chinese has 
been issued at Shanghai, by Rev. 
Arthur H. Smith, of the North China 
Mission of the American Board, 
and is entitled, "Characteristics of the 
Chinese." It is awaiting some enterpris- 
ing publisher in America, who will no 
doubt find it to his advantage to re- 
produce it here. "The Holy Spirit in 
Missions." b/Dr. A. J. Gordon is ready to 
be issued. What promises to be an except- 
ionally able and thorough treatment of 
missions from historical, scientific, philo- 
sophical, and practical points of view, is 
the great work of Dr. Gustav Warneck, 
the first volume of which has just ap- 
peared in Germany, to be completed in 
three volumes. The subject of the first 
volume is introductory, and covers the 
warrant and purpose of the missionary 
idea; volume second will deal with the 
agencies; and volume third with the 
methods. His introduction upon the 
Bibical warrant of missions is said to be 
one of the most powerful and thorough 
treatments of missionary apologetics that 
has yet appeared. 

There is a field of missionary re- 
search which has lately attracted the 
special attention of all thoughtful stu- 
dents of the subiect, which has received 
two notable contnbutions during the past 
year. The subject to which we refer is 
the Science of Comparative Religion from 
a missionary standpoint, and the volumes 
referred to are, " The Genesis and Growth 
of Religion ; " Stone Lectures for 1892, by 



1893.] 



" Oriental Religions and Christianity. 



» 



99 



Rev. S. H. Kellogg, D. D.,and "Oriental 
Beli^ons and Christianity ; " Ely Lectures, 
by Rev. Frank F. Ellinwood, D. D. The 
author of the latter volume has made a 
special study of comparative religion in 
the discharge of his duty as lecturer upon 
that subject in the University of the City 
of New York, and has had also unusual 
opportunities for practical observation of 
the intellectual conflicts of missions in 
connection with his long and honored ser- 
vice as Secretary of the Board of Foreign 
Missions of the Presbyterian Church. 
His volume as might be expected from one 
80 eminently fitted for the task, is a happy 
combination of discriminating scholar- 
ship and practical wisdom, and is written 
with a full appreciation of the existing 
need for an evangelical treatise on this 
theme which would have the true ring of 
loyalty to the Gospel, and yet be free 
from unguarded and indiscriminate de- 
nunciation of the great ethnic religions. 
The book is timely, both at home and 
abroad — to the ministers and students of 
missions in America, and to the busy 
missionary in his field. It is a help to 
those who would study comparative reli- 
gion in the light of scholarship, and yet 
not miss the sympathetic touch with the 
great commission of our Lord, and the 
helpful impulse towards the chief work of 
His Church. It is a vigorous and sufii- 
cient reply to all false admiration and ex- 
altation of Eastern religions, and is full 
of philosophical instruction and apologetic 
power, and high missionary inspiration. 
The need of a thorough understanding of 
false religions is first, dwelt upon, and the 
methods of the early Christian Church in 
dealing with heathenism are studied. 
Then follows a review of the great reli- 
gious systems of the East, and out of 
these researches is brought the evidence 
of a primitive monotheism, and the testi- 
mony of heathen systems to Biblical 
truth. A comparative survey of the 
ethical tendencies of Eastern and Western 
philosophies is then given, followed by 
a closing chapter on the divine su- 
premacy of the Christian faith. We 
are grateful for such a book; its in- 
fluence is wise and helpful. These great 
ethnic religions deserve thorough and 
sympathetic study, not merely as philoso- 
phies, but as religious whiQh h(^Ye Bwayed 



millions of our fellowmen, and held the 
devout allegiance of vast multitudes dur- 
ing long centuries of human history. 
Missionaries are becoming more and more 
convinced of their need of special wisdom 
from on high in their efforts to lead ignor- 
ant and enthralled souls into the light of 
the Gospel. First hand scholarship, 
generous good sense. Christian sympathy, 
loyalty to the truth in a tender and per- 
suasive rather than a disputatious spirit, 
is usually the outcome of a few years of 
missionary experience in the atmosphere 
of these giant systems of error. Mission- 
aries seek to lead rather than to drive, to 
persuade without incensing, to convince 
vnthout alienating, to subdue with- 
out arousing anger, to address the re- 
ligioQS nature by a thoughtful and quiet 
appeal, rather than arouse the passion for 
dispute by an open attack upon the reli- 
gious beliefs of their hearers. These 
ethnic religions are false lights, but to 
their adherents they are the only lights 
they have to walk by. Many a mistake 
has been made at the outset of missionary 
work by an attempt first of all to extin- 
guish this light in the hearts of men. A 
better way is to let it burn while it will, 
but at the same time to pour in the true 
light and flood the soul with the sunlight 
of the Gospel, and when this is done, the 
false lights go out of themselves. While 
the soul is still in ignorance the extin- 
guishing of its only light seems to make 
everything dark, but bring it into the 
glorious light of God's truth, and every- 
thing becomes bright, and all other lights 
are useless. The era of blind and hot 
and pitiless disparagement of false reli- 
gions, which has happily, however, pre- 
vailed only to a limited extent as a mission- 
ary method, has passed, and that of a more 
discriminating, sympathetic, and wise, 
but no less loyal, approach to this great 
task has come. To the interests of such 
a generous and kindly, but not less un- 
compromising, and in the end more suc- 
cessful missionary campaign this volume 
is a diBtinct contribution, aid we prophesy 
for it a large and genial influence in pre- 
paring the Church for her winning battle 
with error, and in giving a riper and more 
wisely gentle tone than has hitherto ob- 
tained to this particular phase of the mi^- 
aiouary policy of our times^ 



100 



lUissiona in China. 



[Febniary^ 



Concert of Qptdjer 
Sot C^nxc^ nS7ovft ^Bvodb. 

[Conducted by RBV. JAMBS 8. DENNIS, D. D.] 



JANUARY, General Review of MUeioas. 

PBBRUARY, Mieeione in China. 

MARCH, . Mexico and Central America. 

APRIL MlMiona in IndU. 

MAY, .... Siam and Laos. 

JUNB, MlMiona in Africa. 

JULY, . Indiana, Chineae and Japaneae In America. 

AUGUST, Korea. 

SBPTBMBBR, ... Japan. 

OCTOBER, .... Misaiona In Perala. 

NOVEMBER South America. 

DECEMBER, Miaaiona in Syria. 



MISSIONS IN CHINA. 



CANTON MISSION. 



Canton: On the Pearl River, 90 miles from Hong 
Kong; occupied 1844; laborers— Rev. Messrs. B. C. 
Henry, D. D., H. V. Noyes, O. F. Wisner, A. A. 
Fulton, and Edward Thwing, and their wives; John 
G. Kerr, M. D., J. M. Swan, M. 0., Miss E. M. 
Butler, Miss Hattie Noyes, Miss Hattle Lewis, Miss 
M. H. Fulton, M. D., Miss N. W. Niles, M. D., and 
Miss Gertrude Thwing; 2 ordained natives; 23 un- 
ordained evangelists, 19 native assistants, 44 teachers 
and 15 Bible-women. 

Hainan: An island on southeast ooast; occupied 
1885; laborers at Kiung Chow— Rev, J. C. Melrose, 
H. M. McCandliss, M. D., and their wives; Rev. 
Alfred E. Street, at Nodoa^ Rev. and Mrs F. P. 
Gilman, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Jeremiassen. 

Lien Chow: 200 miles northwest of Canton by 
water; occup'edl890; laborers— Rev. W. H. Lingle, 
E. C. Machle, M. D., and their wives. Miss Louise 
Johnson. 

Ybuno Kono : 20 miles southwest of Canton ; 
occupied 1892; laborers— Rev. J. C. Thomson, M. 
D., Rev. Andrew Beattie, D. A. Beattie, M. D., and 
their wives. 

In this country : Dr. and Mrs. Kerr, Miss Hattie 
Noyes, Miss M. H. Fulton, M. D., Rev. Messrs. J. C. 
Thomson, M. D., and W. H. Lingle and their wives. 

CENTRAL CHINA KISSION. 

NiNGPO; on the Ning^po River, 12 miles from the 
sea; occupied 1845; laborers— Rev. Messrs. W. J. 
McKee and V. F. Partch and their wives; Miss Annie 
R. Morton, and Miss Edwina Cunningham; 9 or- 
dained natives, 6 licentiates, 7 teachers, 16 Bible- 
^romen. 

Shanghai; on the Wooeung River, 14 miles from 



M. W. Famham, D. D., J. N. B. Smith, D. D., 
George F. Fitch, John A. Silsby, Mr. GUbert Mc- 
intosh, and their wives ; Miss Mary Posey, Miss 
Mary £. Cogdal; 4 ordained natives, 2 licentiates, 
2 Bible-women, 22 teachers. 

Hangchow: the provincial capital of Chekiang 
province, 156 miles northwest of Ningpo ; occupied 
1859; laborers— Rev. Messrs. J. H. Judson, J. C. 
Garritt, and their wives: 2 ordained natives, 4 licen- 
tiates, 2 Bible-women, 5 teachers. 

SncHOW: 70 miles from Shanghai; occupied 1871; 
laborers— Rev. Messrs. J. N. Hayes, D. N. Lyon, 
Joseph Bailie, and their wives; Rev. W. N. Crosier, 
2 licentiates. 2 Bible- women, 5 teachers. 

Nanking: on the Yang-tse-Kiang, 90 miles from 
its mouth; occupied 1876; laborers— Rev. Messrs. 
Charles Leaman, W. J. Drummond, T. W. Houston, 
and their wives; Miss Mary Lattimore, 1 Bible- 
woman, 3 teachers. 

shantung MISSION. 

TuNGCHOW: on the coast, 55 miles from Chefco; 
occupied 1861; laborers— Rev. Messrs. C. W. Mateer, 
D. D., Charles R. Mills, D. D., W. M. Hayes, and S. 

B. Groves and their wives; Robert Coltman, Jr., M. 
D., and wife; and Mrs. E. G. Ritchie; 2 ordained 
natives, 1 licentiate, 15 teachers. 

Chbfoo: the chief foreign port of Shantung; oc- 
cupied 1862; laborers— Rev. Messrs. Hunter Cor bett, 
D. D., J. L. Nevius, D. D., and G^rge S. Hays, and 
their trives; Rev. F. W. Jackson, Jr. ; 27 licentiates, 
44 helpers, 5 Bible-women. 

Chinanfu: capital of the Shantung province, SCO 
miles south of Peking; occupied 1872 ; laborers- 
Rev. Messrs. John Murray, and W. B. Hamilton, 
and their wives; Rev. Gilbert Reid, J. B. Neal, M. 
D., and wife; 1 Bible-woman, 8 helpers. 

Wbi Hibn: 150 miles southwest from Tungcbow; 
occupied 1882; laborers— Rev. Messrs. J. A. Ley- 
enberger, R. M. Mateer, and F. H. Chalfant, J. A. 
Fitch, and their wives; W. R. Faries, M. D., and 
wife; Miss Emma F. Boughton, Miss Mary Brown, 
M. D., Biiss Fanny Wight, and Mrs. M. M. Crotsette; 
4 ordained natives, 1 licentiate, 51 teachers, S Bible- 
women. 

ICHOWFU: 150 miles southwest from Chefoo ; oc- 
cupied 1890 ; missionary laborers— Rev. Messrs. W. 
P. Chalfant, C. A. Killie, W. O. Elterich, and their 
wives; and C. F. Johnson, M. D., and wife; 5 native 
assitants. 

Chin Nino Chow: 150 mUes southeast of Chinan- 
fu; occupied 1890; laborers— Rev. William Lane, 
Rev. J. H. Laughlin, J. L. Van Schoick, M. D., and 
their wives; Miss Emma Anderson. 

In this etmntry : Mrs. J. A. Leyenberger, Rev. 

C. W. Mateer, D. P.^ em4 /. B. NwU, JJ- Pv W»4 



1893 ] 



Out Besponsibiliti/ in Hainan, 



101 



PKKINO laSSIOK. 

PKKiNO:the capital of the country; oocapiedl868; 
laboroiv— Rev. Messrs J. L. Whiting, John Wherry, 
A. M. Cnnningham, and their wives; Rev. J. Walter 
Lowrie, Rev. J. N. Young, B. C. Atterbury, M. D., 
and wife; G. Y. Taylor, M. D., Mrs. Reuben Lowrie, 
Miss Oraoe Newton, Miss Marion E. Sinclair, M. D., 
and Miss Jennie McKillican; 1 ordained native, 2 
licentiates, IS helpers. 

In this country: Rev. J. Walter Lowrie, Mrs. 
Reuben Lowrie, Rev. and Mrs. J. L. Whiting. 



Protestant mission work in China is at present 
conducted by 43 societies, with 1 50O Foreign Mis- 
sionaries, and 250 native pastors, and 8,000 unor- 
dained native agents. There are 522 evangelical 
churches, and 50,000 communicants, and 150,000 
native Christians There are 8 missionary colleges, 
and 4S5 schools of all grades, with 17,000 pupils in 
attendance. There are 105 hospitals and dispen- 
saries, in which 350,000 patients are treated annually. 
In 1843 there were not more than ten native 
Christians in all China. 

The above statistics of the entire evangelical 
missionary status in China are larger than any 
which are current in missionary literature, but they 
are not far from the exact truth at the present date. 
The latest official statistics for all China were given 
out at the Shanghai Conference in 1890, and gave 
the results up to the close of the year 1889, so that 
exact statistics at the present time would include all 
progress in the three years which have elapsed since 
then. It was shown at the time the Shanghai 



statistics were published, that there had been an 
addition of about 10,000 communicants in the three 
years previous to December 8 1st, 1889. This gave a 
percentage of increase of about 38 per cent., and 
there is every reason to believe that this same ratio 
has been kept up in the three years which have 
followed the Conference, which would bring the 
number of communicants at the present time to 
about 50,000. The number of Foreign Missionaries 
has increased since the Conference to about 1,500, 
and there has been progress in all the departments cf 
missionary activity, so that we have no hesitation 
in presenting the above tabulated view of present 
results in China as substantially true. The Rev. Dr. J. 
W. Davis has recently published in the Chinese 
Recorder, printed at the American Mission Press, 
Shanghai, some articles on Protestant Mission Work 
in'China, from which these flguresare in part taken. 
It is upon his authority that we give the number of 
missionaries at present as 1,500, and the number of 
communicants as 50,000. 

The statistics of our own Presbyterian Missions 
are as follows : — 

Ordained American missionaries, 52; total of 
American missionary laborers, 146; ordained natives, 
27; total native agents, 826; churches, 57; communi- 
cants, 5,556; number added on confession of faith 
last year, 1,041; number of schools, 192; total of 
pupils, 8,688; a college at Tungchow, with 98 pupils, 
and one largely under Presbyterian auspices, at 
Canton. The latest reports from the Shantung 
Mission indicate that there will be over 500 com- 
municants received up to December Slst, 1892. 



OUR RESPONSIBILITY IN HAINAN. 

The island of Hainan off the southern coast of 
China, thiee hundred miles southwest of Hong- 
kong, is exclusively afield of our own Presby- 
terian mission. Its population is estimated at a 
million and a half. It was opened to mission 
work in 1881, by Mr. C. 0. Jeremiassen, who 
entered it as an independent missionary. In 
1885, the work became incorporated with our 
Canton Mission, Mr. Jeremiassen becoming 
a member of that mission and receiving ap- 
pointment from our Board. The entrance to 
the island was made at its northern ex- 
tremity, where only a narrow strait separates 
it from the main-land, and at this point is the 
ci^ of Kiung Chow, whicli bas been made the 

9U9( 9t^tloi^ oi tlie |«)Md, 9^i i9 »t pre^pt 



occupied by Dr. and Mrs. H. M. McCandliss, 
and Key. and Mrs. J. C. Melrose. Rey. 
Alfred £. Street, who has recently joined 
the Mission, is at present reported as in 
Kiung Chow, although his final destination 
may perhaps be Nodoa, further inland. No- 
doa, ninety miles in the interior, has been 
occupied as an out-station, where Rev. Mr. 
and Mrs. Gilman, and Mr. and Mrs. Jeremi- 
assen are at present located. Beyond Nodoa, 
ten miles to the south, is the small out-station 
of Namfung, and still further in the interior, 
in a southwesterly direction, is the moun- 
tainous Loi country, which has been recently 
yisited by Mr. Gilman and Mr. Jeremiassen, 
and in which there is a promising opening igx 



Our ReiffxmtiHUty in Bainan. 



[Ffbruary^ 



HOSriTAL AND SCHOOL, NODOA, HAINAN. 



At Kinng Ohow there is a chapel, and, in 
1691, a girls' school was opened b; Mrs. Hc- 
Gandliss, and a boys' schoel by Mr. Uelrose, 
and a large and important medical work is 
carried on by Dr. McCandliss. In 1890, 
5,082 patients were treated; in 1891, there 
were 8,931, not including 404 special surgical 
cases; and, in 1893, there were 9,406, and 
also 645 surgical cases. This medical work 
has boon carried on in contracted and incon- 
venient quarters, greatly to the disadvantage 
of the physician in charge, bat there is a 
prospect at present that a better place will be 
secured for the future. A small printing 
press bae been presented by friends of the 
Mission to the Hainan Station, and every- 
thing is now ready for the printing of the 
Gospels and some other traoslatjons which 
are awaiting publication. 

The Nodoa station, although only ninety 
luUea ia the interiw, ie (goi dsfs of rongb 



journeying from Eiung Chow. Here tbe 
energetic labors and the practical abilities of 
Mr. Jeremiassen are noticeable in the pleas- 
ant and healthful mission buildings used as 
residence, school, and hospital with its dis- 
pensary. During a season of severe epidemic 
Mr. Jeremiassen, whose medical knowledge is 
of much value, was able to render efficient ser- 
vices to a garrison of native soldiers located 
in Nodoa, and as a reward he was able to 
secnre a moat desirable building site, where 
onr mission plant has been located. At the 
dispensary under his charge an average of 
four thousand patients are treated annually. 
Here is well organized work, in whicb there 
is every prospect of reaping a harvest. But 
the inspiring features of our Hainan field are 
in connection with the outlying regions to- 
wards the centre of the island, where a num- 
erous and stalwart people are ready to receive 
our mis ato n ft rt ea, wid awm tQ h«tT« b«eQ -^t^ 



1893.] 



Our Hesponstbitittf in Satnan. 



103 



pared by Providence to welcome the €k>8pel. 
They seem to have given np their ancient 
religions worship, and are waiting for spirit- 
nal guidance. What an alluring appeal to 
the missionary heart of the Church I Shall 
we not press on with a vigoifous, aggressive 
campaign to take possession of Hainan for 
the Master 9 It is a call which is direct and 
emphatic to our own Church, for with us 
seems to rest the sacred responsibility of seek- 
ing for these Hainanese souls. Our mission- 
aries on the ground are alert to the oppor- 
tunity, and Mr. Jeremiassen has recently 
made a journey southwest of Nodoa into the 
Loi country. It is a wild region, and travel- 
ling throngh it is attended with some peril, 
and much discomfort, as may be seen from a 
few extracts from a letter just received from 
Mr. Jeremiassen. He writes in substance as 
ifoUows : 

^'In leaving Namfung, we took a south- 
westerly direction through the mountains. 
My first Sabbath was spent in-Nga-Fa, a mar- 
ket town, where a large number of the Lois 
came to visit me from the surrounding coun- 
try. I visited a number of villages in the 
vicinity, staying a few days in each, and 
found some who were interested in hearing 
the €k)8pel. In one of the chief villages of 
the region I stayed four days, and had a 
number of operations to perform for eye 
troubles, which seemed to be very prevalent 
in that region. Many of the chiefs from the 
surrounding country came personally to bring 
me to their villages, and it was almost impos- 
sible to refuse them, and those to whom I 
had to say no, were quite jealous of others 
whom I promised to visit. It was, of course, 
impossible for me to visit them all. Rain 
had set in before we reached the higher 
mountain regions, and travelling became 
more difficult. The rivers were swollen into 
almost impassible streams. The roads were 



as slippery as ice, and those tormenting ene- 
mies of the traveller, the mountain leeches, 
were both lively and vigorous, as if awakened 
to new life by the moisture of the abundant 
rain. We climbed the hills to the plateau of 
Nga-kheng village, which is about two thous- 
and feet above the sea, and would make a 
beautiful place for a mission station. I spent 
the night with the chief of the village, and 
had quite a gathering to hear me in the even- 
ing. The next day we plunged still further 
into the mountains, and our climbing that 
day was not free from danger. Our path 
wound up the side of a ravine, where a slip 
of the foot would have sent us down the 
abyss, and I had to give such close attention 
to my steps that I could not even stand still 
to pick off those blood-suckers, the mountain 
leeches, for while getting one off, ten others 
would dimb upon me. The weather was 
warm, and the air in the wooded ravine very 
oppressive, so that I was glad to reach the 
summit, and breathe the fresh air of the 
heights, and enjoy the beautiful prospect 
from the top of the mountain. This whole 
country is very beautiful with its wild moun- 
tains and itis deep valleys. The men and the 
women are like mountain wild flowers, free 
in their growth and movements, but how sad 
that the tendrils of their souls should be 
wound about such debasing religious super- 
stitions, instead of reaching out to the true 
God and Saviour. We still pressed on through 
the mountains, our path in many places 
winding around perilous precipices, and be- 
ing so slippery that I had often to use both 
hands and feet to save myself from a fall. I 
climbed mountains, and then plunged down 
into deep valleys until I finally reached the 
village of Fang-feng, where I received a 
warm welcome at the pleasant house of the 
chief. An important feature of my toilet 
was to clean myself from the mud, and get 



104 



After the Bids. 



[Ftbnwryy 



rid of the leeches. So we went on from vil- 
lage to village. In some of them I had in- 
terested audiences, and I trust made an 
impression for good. I finally reached the 
central river valley, where I met many old 
friends, whom I had seen on former visits. 
This river valley divides the island into two 
parts, north and south, and here is a promis- 
ing field of mission work, had we the men to 
send here. I continued my journey towards the 
west coast of the island, and one of the great- 
est hindrances I had to my progress, was the 
cordiality and importunity of the people, who 
were extremely kind. I finally reached Lok- 
lah, and here I had a grand opportunity, as 
my presence was soon known for miles 
around, and the people came from all direc- 
tions, either from curiosity, or to seek heal- 
ing. I saw daily many who were sick in 
body and soul. My evening meetings were 
well attended;* some came to dispute, but 
others to inquire, but I think very few went 
away without seeing the folly of idolatry. 
From Liok-lah I took passage in a junk, and 
visited some of the islands along the coast, 
where I preached to the fishermen, who were 
apparently much interested. I could have 
gone by sea around to Eiung Chow, but I 
preferred to make another exploration of the 
interior on my way home, so I landed at 
Ji-lim, a harbor in the south, well known to 
old East India men, where they used to spend 
several months waiting for the monsoon, or 
trade winds. From this point I struck into 
the LfOi country, which extends in the south 
to the shores of the Pacific. This last part of 
my journey was the most profitable and in- 
teresting of aU, for all the way from the 
Pacific to Nam-fung, they speak the Hainan- 
ese dialect. There are several places in this 
region where we ought to establish stations, 
and the people would be glad to have us set- 
tle among them. The village of Ta-han, two 



or three days^ journey from Nam-fung, and 
only a few hours journey from the central 
river valley, is a particularly eligible site. 
The opening of a station here would place us 
in touch with many important localities. We 
need efficient native agents, but our training 
facilities are poor. I reached home in safety, 
deeply impressed with the importance of ex- 
tending our work in Hainan.^' 

We have in this island parish of Hainan a 
unique opportunity, and an urgent appeal 
directly to our gre it Presbyterian Church to 
lift the cross before the waiting hearts of 
these neglected Hainanese. To whom can 
they look for the Gospel, if not to us t Shall 
we not discharge this duty with promptness 
and liberality ? 

AFTER THE RIOTS. 

During the recent disturbances there have 
been two storm-centres in China; one was the 
fanatical province of Hunan, just south of 
the centre of the Empire, in a northwesterly 
direction from Hongkong, to whose capital, 
Chang Sha, were traced the villainous and vile 
literature against foreigners which has been 
disseminated so largely through the Empire. 
The other was in the northern regions of 
Manchuria, and was a military rebellion 
against the present Manchu dynasty. Whether 
there is any connection between the two 
disturbances is a matter of doubt ; both, 
however, are symptoms, and indicate serious 
dangers that threaten the Government on the 
one hand, and foreign residents on the other. 
Whether the present Government is strong 
enough to cope with its enemies, should an 
able leader appear and succeed in organizing 
a wide-spread spirit of rebellion, seems very 
doubtful. Another outbreak of the dimen- 
sions of the Tai-ping rebellion would surely 
be the downfall of the Manchus. At present 
there seems to be a lull. The rebellion has 



1893.] 



After the Hi ts. 



105 



been put down, amidst terrible scenes of 
slaughter and destruction, and many of its 
leaders have been put to death by barbarous 
torture. The obscene placards, with their 
unspeakable slanders and incredible charges, 
have been brought to the attention of foreign 
governments, who have had facsimiles laid 
before them, with full explanations, and the 
Chinese Government has made a vigorous 
effort to suppress them, and has punished 
severely some of those who have been impli- 
cated in their origin and dissemination, and 
in the meantime the Emperor has issued his 
imperial edict forbidding these outrages, and 
requiring the recognition of Christianity and 
the protection of its adherents. Out of the 
throes of our Civil War came the Proclama- 
tion of Enancipation; out of the restless 
upheavals of heathen fanaticism in China has 
come forth an imperial proclamation of 
Christianity and the rights of Christians, 
which was telegraphed to the higher officials 
throughout the Empire, on the day it was 
issued. Let us select a few sentences from 
this remarkable document, and let us believe 
that the interests of the Kingdom and the 
persons of its ambassadors are in the hands of 
an overruling I*rovidence. 

** The Tsung Li Yamen (or Council of Min- 
isters) has memorialized us in regard to the 
missionary cases that have occurred in the 
various provinces, asking that we issue 
stringent instructions to the Governor General 
and Governors to lose no time in devising 

means for a settlement thereof 

Sioiilar outrages have been committed on 
missionary establishments there, and it is 
now necessary that the miscreants should be 
arrested, and unrelenting measures taken in 
good time to provide against further outrages 
of this kind. 

The propagation of Christianity by for- 
eigners is provided for by treaty, and Im- 



perial decrees have been issued to the pro- 
vincial authorities to protect the missionaries 
from time to time. For years peace and 
quiet have prevailed between the Chinese 
and the foreigners. How is it that recently 
there have been several missionary establish- 
ments burned out and destroyed, and all 
happening at about the same time * This is 
decidedly strange and incredible. It is evi- 
dent that among the rioters there are some 
powerful outlaws whose object is to secretly 
contrive or plan for discontent among the 
people by circulating false rumors, and caus- 
ing them to become agitated and excited, 
and then to avail themselves of the opportu- 
nity to rob and plunder, and peaceable and 
law-abiding persons are enticed and led to 
join them, resulting in a tremendous upris- 
ing. If strenuous action is not taken to pun- 
ish the miscreants, how can the majesty and 
dignity of the law be maintained, and peace 
and quiet prevail? Let the Governor General 
and Governors issue without de- 
lay orders to the civil and military officers 
under their respective jurisdictions to cause 
the arrest of the leaders of the rii)ts, try 
them, and inflict capital punishment upon 
them, as a warning and example to others in 
the future. The doctrine of Christianity has 
for its purpose the teaching of men to be 
good. Chinese converts are subjects of 
China, and are amenable to the local authori- 
ties. Peace and quiet should reign among 
the Chinese and missionaries, but there are 
reckless fellows who fabricate stories that 
have no foundation in fact, for the purpose of 
creating trouble Let the Gov- 
ernors issue proclamations warning the people 
not to listen to idle rumors or false reports 
which lead to trouble. Should any person 
secretly post placards containing false rumors 
with a view to beguile the minds of the 
people, strenuous steps must be taken to 



106 



A HetraspecL 



[Fdruary^ 



cause his arrest, and vigorous pumshment be 
meted out to him. The local authorities 
must protect the lives and property of foreign 
merchants and missionaries, and prevent bad 
characters from doing them injury. Should 
it transpire that the measures taken to pro- 
tect them have not been adequate, and 
trouble in consequence ensues, the names of 
those officers that have been truly negligent 
are to be reported to us for degradation . . . . 
Let this decree be universally promulgated 
for the information of the people." 

That a State paper like the above should 
have been issued by authority of the Emperor 
is nothing less than an intervention of 
Divine Providence. A careful study of the 
whole situation by many who have abund- 
ant opportunity to form an intelligent judg- 
ment has led to the conviction that the 
underlying motive of this agitation against 
foreigners is not hatred of Protestant mis- 
sionaries, or distrust of their work; it is 
rather a deep-laid political scheme on the 
part of the Chinese literati and the leaders in 
the great secret society of the Ko Lao Hui, 
to excite political tumult throughout the Em- 
pire, and precipitate complications with for- 
eign governments, with the ultimate purpose 
of overthrowing the reigning Manchu dy- 
nasty, and affording opportunity for robbery 
and plunder. Hatred of foreign influence and 
a purpose to prevent foreign commercial en- 
croachments are also no doubt prominent no- 
tions in the minds of the Chinese populace. 



A RETROSPECT. 

REV. F. H. CHALFANT. 

American Protestant Missions in China 
have just now completed their fifth de- 
cade since the treaty of Nan King in 1842. 
This further prompts us to review the whole 
history of Christian effort in the Middle 



Kingdom, not attempting a detailed review, 
which would fill volumes, but only glancing 
at the several epochs which constitute the 
mile stones of Christian progress in the far 
East. 

No historical trace of Christianity is yet 
found in China until the 7th century, when, 
according to the famous Nestorian Tablet 
(discovered at Si Ngan Fu, 1625) Christian 
missionaries appear to have been preaching 
in Shen Si province. Their Work seems not 
to have stood the test of persecution and the 
counter religious influence of Buddhism, for 
in a few centuries all traces of their work 
had var ished save the memorial tablet erected 
in the year 781. This was due largely to the 
attempt of the Nestorian missionaries to 
mingle the Truth with the philosophy of 
Buddha, which expenment, like that of the 
Neo Platonists, proved a failure. They either 
fell into the error of the Church in Perga- 
mum, because they held the doctrine of 
Balaam who taught '' to eat things sacri- 
ficed to idols," or else their '* Light shone in 
the darkness and the darkness comprehended 
it not." 

In 1292 (just 600 years ago) the Jesuit 
missionary Corvino appeared in Chma, and 
was welcomed by the Mongol Emperor, known 
in Western history as Kublia Khan. Him- 
self a '* foreigner " in China, this monarch 
doubtless felt a sympathy for the strange 
European who visited his court. There is 
certainly much to be admired in Corvino's 
zeal and self-sacrifice, although he was the 
agent used by the Pope, to introduce into 
China the semi-idolatry characteristic of his 
church, for we are told that he was made 
Archbishop of China and ordered to have the 
"mysteries of the Bible" represented by 
pictures in all the churches. 

In this age of ftist railways and steamers, 
we in China think our lot hard if a mail be 



1893.] 



A Flank Movement Upon Thibet 



107 



delayed a month, but the venerable Corvino 
writes in his chronicles: 

" It is now twelve years since I have had any 
news from the West I am become old and gray- 
headed, but it is rather through labors and tribu- 
lation than through age, for I am only 58 years 
old. I have learned the Tartar language 
(Chinese) and literature, into which I have trans- 
lated the whole of the New Testament apd the 
Psalms of David, and have caused them to be 
transcribed with the utmost care. I write and 
read and preach openly the testimony of the 
law of Christ." 

Would that the same could be said of Rome's 
modem method in China! Now the '* Law of 
Christ *' is withheld from the people, and in- 
stead of ''open ^' proclamation, we see only 
mysterious intrigues with the '^powers that 
be,'* and a hollow shell of Christianity offered 
to the people, who need the nutritious kernel 
of the Truth. 

The next historical effort centers about 
Matteo Ricci and his companions, who 
entered China in 1682, and prosecuted a work 
as noted for political manoBUvers, as for evan- 
gelistic progress. Ricci visited Peking in 1 60 1 , 
but his preaching was marred by superstition 
and idolatry. The Emperor Kang Hi was, 
nevertheless, strongly impressed by the Truth, 
even thus seen through a glass dimly. 
Though he refused to be called a Christian, 
yet he incorporated the titles of Jesus and 
God in his great dictionary and so officially 
recognized the ''God of Western Lands." 

The greatest advantage accruing to China 
from the Jesuit Missions, was not spiritual, 
but scientific. They corrected the Calendar, 
taught astronomy, and surveyed the Eighteen 
Provinces, which work, though not religious, 
has yet proved of great value to subsequent 
evangelists in the Flowery Kingdom. 

Protestant Missions began in China with 
Dr. Robert Morrison in 1807. At his death, 
in 1884, the few surviving missionaries strug- 
gled faithfully with fearful odds against them. 
Among these, was that intellectual giant and 
Christian diplomatist, Dr. S. Wells Williams, 



to whom the Church will never realize its just 
indebtedness. This brings us (with many 
important steps omitted) to the Treaty of 
Nan King, 1842, which opened the doors to 
the Gospel message. 

China, that walked in darkness, hath seen 
a great light. May she see it shine even unto 
the perfect day I 



A FLANK MO YEMEN r UPON THIBET. 

Thibet is as yet an inaccessible land to 
mission workers. The Moravians have stood 
for many years upon its southwest borders, 
waiting and praying for an opportunity to 
enter, and now a flank movement on the 
northeast is being made by the missionaries 
of the China Inland Mission, who have en- 
tered the provinces of Kan Suh and Szchuen, 
and are already facing towards Thibet. They 
have four regular stations in the former 
province, manned by twenty -five missionaries, 
and three others are already at work among 
some Thibetans that live on the border. 
They have already secured a lodgment in a 
small village just on the boundary line, and 
they have obtained a house from a friendly 
Thibetan, and although an effort has been 
made to drive them out, they have been de- 
fended and protected by Chinese officials, 
and are still there. In the province of 
Szchuen their missionaries are pushing 
towards the west, and are approaching nearer 
and nearer towards the borders. The popu- 
lation of Thibet is estimated at six millions. 
Their religion is but little known, except 
that they are steeped in superstitions, and the 
religious hierarchy of the country has abso- 
lute sway over the consciences and lives and 
property of the people. The Moravians 
while waiting for the signal to enter, have 
been engaged in a work of faith, and labor 
of love, in preparing the New Testament in 



108 Imperial College at Peking — China Inland Mission — Isze Chien. [February^ 



the Thibetan langaage, and a prayer anion 
has been formed among them to pray for the 
opening of the country. The Government is 
tributary to China, and the Chinese are 
anxious to perpetuate the policy of absolute 
exclusion of foreigners, fearing that if the 
country is opened, some political schemes 
may delelop, either for its independence, or* 
its annexation by some powerful government. 



The Imperial College at Peking has an im 
perial pupil . The Emperor of China is study- 
ing English under the instruction of two 
members of the college staff of teachers. It 
is difficult for us to appreciate the signifi- 
cance of this condescension on the part of this 
exalted personage. To ordinary mortals, of 
whatever rank in the world, the study of the 
Eugli&h language might well be considered a 
privilege, and be regarded with a degree of 
interest and enthusiasm as opening up a mag- 
nificent literature, and bringing with it many 
advantages. Its significance in this case, 
however, is not that it reveals any literary 
ambition on the part of the Emperor, but 
that he has so far consented to the recogni- 
tion of the Western world as to turn his at- 
tention to the study of one of the promi- 
nent languages outside of his kingdom. 
Chinese Christians are prayiug fervently for 
the conversion of the Emperor. 



The China Inland Mission has 526 mission- 
aries on its staff, and they occupy 103 sta- 
tions in 14 provinces of the Empire, and in- 
cluding out-stations, there are 172 localities 
where the work is going on. They have 94 
organized churches, with 8,088 communi- 
cants; 82 boarding and day schools; 7 hos- 
pitals; 18 dispensaries and 18 opium refages. 
The income reported at the Annual Meeting, 
in May, 1892, was £26,905. 



T8ZE CHIEN. 

REV. C. W. MATEER, D. D. 

Tsze Chien means "paper money" — ^notthe 
real bank notes which are so extensively used in 
China as money, but the make-believe tinsel 
money which the Chinese burn as a part of their 
reh'gious worship. This paper money, which is 
sometimes vulgarly called joss paper by foreign- 
ers, is of three kinds, one representing copper, 
one silver and one gold. The chief and only 
coined currency of China is copper cash, of which 
it takes about ten to make a cent. They are 
spoken of as copper, but are generally made of 
brass. They are about as large as a quarter 
dollar and each one has a square hole in the 
centre by means of which they are strung on 
strings. They are represented in paper money 
by a special quality of cheap straw-colored 
paper. The paper is cut into bits and holes are 
punched in it in imitation of " cash." Silver is 

* 

not coined in China, but is used for money in in- 
gots, both large and small, and is sold and ex- 
changed by weight. It is commonly called 
''syoee " by foreigners, and the large ingots are 
called "shoes." Tinsel paper representing silver 
is made of very thin leaf tin pasted on white 
paper which is cut, folded and pasted into the 
shape of silver ingots, both large and small. 
Gold is not often used for money in China, but 
when it is so used it is used in ingots in the same 
way as sil ver. Tinsel to represent gold is made of 
very thin leaves of brass pasted on yellow paper, 
which is cut, folded and pasted into the shape of 
ingots of gold. 

The u^ of paper money prevails all over 
China, and the burning of it forms a part of 
almost tvery act of worship. By being burned 
it is supposed to be transmitted to the spirit 
world and there becomes available for use, not 
merely to the amount of its actual cost, which is 
comparatively trifling, but to the amount the in- 
gots would represent if composed of real silver 
or gold. One dollar would easily buy ingots 
representing $100,000 of silver. 

Paper money is burned as an offering to the 
dead and also to the gods. In the hands of the 



1893.] 



Isze CJden. 



109 



dead it serves as a means of defraying current 
expenses, but especially of feeing the underlings 
and bribing the gods before whom they are 
brought for judgment. "With the gods it serves 
as a fee or bribe for the obtaining of some cov- 
eted favor, such as wealth or health or deliver- 
ance from calamity. By far the greater part of 
the paper money burned is offered to the dead. 
It is called forth partly by affection but chiefly 
by fear; that is, it is offered to propitiate the 
dead and avert the calamities they would other- 
wise bring on the living in revenge for neglect- 
ing them. 

In order to understand the use of paper money 
it is necessary to bear ia mind that the Chined 
idea of the future world is that it is a reflection 
of the present world. The dead need food, 
clothing, money, etc., just as men do in this life. 
The government also is similar. There are 
niagistrates both high and low (the gods), with 
assistants, constables, lictors, etc. They rotate 
in office, are advanced for meritorious conduct, 
and like men, are influenced by money considera- 
tions. As in this life money answers all things, so 
in the life to come ; whether for travelling expen- 
ses, or in payment of taxes, or in evading the 
clutches of the law, money is the essential thing. 
A man is supposed to have three souls ; after death 
one of them remains with the body in the grave, 
onejesides in the ancestral tablet, and one is ar- 
raigned before the gods for judgment. Each 
one of these souls requires money in order to 

* 

secure inmiunity from want and from punish- 
ment. 

When any one dies a small quantity of paper 
money is burned just without the door. Im- 
mediately after death the soul is supposed to be 
seized and conducted to the presence of the local 
magistrate of the under world, who is called 
Cheng Hwang. Money is needed to fee the 
constables or the soul will receive very rough 
treatment at their hands. A larger quantity 
is sometimes burned in hope that the spirit may 
be able to bribe these constables to let him go, 
and report to the god that he could not be found. 
This is a frequent trick of Chinese constables. 
On the third day, or as soon as may be, the 



eldest son or lineal descendant goes to the temple 
of Cheng Hwang and worships and burns paper 
money for the benefit of tbe deceased who, it is 
feared, may be detained there undergoing pun- 
ishment and ^unable to secure a release. At the 
time of the funeral paper money is burned at 
the grave, oftentimes in large quantities. At 
the end of seven days and of every seventh day 
until seven times seven, lamentation is made and 
paper money is burned both at the grave and 
before the tablet. At the end of a hundred days 
after death a more extensive burning is made at 
the temple of the ** Three Rulers " It consists 
of paper effigies of sedan chairs, carts, horses, 
servants, etc., and especially of paper money, 
which is sometimes burned in enormous quanti- 
ties. While the burning is going on the family 
prostrate themselves and mourn aloud for the 
dead. 

Besides the offerings connected with their 
death, ancestors are regularly worshiped at least 
twice each year, once at home before the tablet 
and once at the grave. The former is at the 
new year and the latter at the Ching Ming, 
which occurs in the spring, about the fifth or 
sixth of April. On both occasions paper money 
is burned, but especially at the latter. 

In addition to all these special offerings made 
by each person to his own ancestors, there are 
public or charitable offerings made to the souls 
of the outcast poor, and to such as have no pos- 
terity to sacrifice to them. They suppose that 
the souls of all such become outcast, vagrant 
spirits, and being angered by poverty and 
neglect send sickness and all sorts of calamities 
on the living. Contributions are levied by offi- 
cial authority on all the people three times each 
year, and extensive burnings are made to supply 
their need and appease their anger. A procession 
is formed in which the principal idols are carried 
in state. This procession passes through the 
principal streets of the city, and as it passes 
paper money is burned at all the comers and 
crossings, at which places these vagrant spirits 
are supposed to collect. Private offerings are 
also made to them by such as are anxious to avert 
their anger from themselves or their children. 



110 



Isze Chien. 



[Februart/i 



But paper money is not burned to the souls of 
the dead *alone. It is also offered to all the gods of 
the land. In times of distress or misfortune each 
man or woman appeals to the gods for help, and 
paper money always forms a part of the worship. 
Each temple also has at least one festival in 
honor of its god each year, and large temples 
have two or three. At these festivals large 
numbers go to worship, and nearly all offer 
more or less paper money. A furnace in the 
shape of a large brazen urn is commonly placed 
in front of the god, and in this the paper is 
burned. In the great temple on the top of the 
Tai mountain in Shantung there is a large brick 
furnace a short distance in front of the god into 
which worshipers cast their paper money. Dur- 
ing the two months of the annual festival a 
stream of worshipers keeps this furnace con- 
stantly aglow with the paper money cast into it. 
It should be observed, however, that paper 
money is not used in the imperial sacrifice 
offered by the Emperor to heaven and earth, nor 
in the official worship offered at stated seasons 
to Confucius. 

ENORMOUS EXPENSE. 

The cost of paper money is trifling as compared 
with the amount it is supposed to Represent, yet 
it is offered in such quantities, and on so many 
occasions, that its aggregate value is enormous. 
It has been estimated, that each family spends, on 
an average, about a dollar and-a-half each year in 
the worship of ancestors, of which, at least, two- 
thirds is for paper money. China, is estimated 
to contain about eighty million families, which 
would give eighty million dollars. A fair esti- 
mate for the three annual burnings to the vagrant 
dead, would be about six thousand dollars to 
each hsien or -county, which would aggregate 
about ten million dollars for the whole country. 
The average amount burned by each family in 
the direct worship of the gods in the temples 
may be taken as about half that expended in the 
worship of ancestors, or forty million dollars for 
all China. Thus, we have the aggregate amount 
of one hundred and thirty millions of dollars 
spent annually in China for paper money. 
Faith in the efficacy of paper money is universal. 



A few, perhaps, offer it to escape criticism, but 
the great mass believe in it. Without a hearty 
belief in it, such enormous sums would not be 
spent for it by a people noted for their careful 
expenditure of money. Many stories of its 
efficacy in special cases are told by the priests in 
order to confirm the faith of the people. The 
"following incident came within my personal 
knowledge. A poor widow had pawned her 
son's coat, and was in straits for the means to 
redeem it. When asked why she pawned it, she 
said she had a dream a few weeks before, in 
which her husband appeared to her and asked for 
money to buy a coat, saying that he was freez- 
ing. Not having any money, she pawned her 
son's coat and bought paper money which she 
burned at her husband's grave that he might 
have means to buy a warm coat. 

SILLY IDOLATRT. 

Notwithstanding her boasted civilization, the 
idolatry of China is well nigh as silly and quite 
as besotting as that of the veriest savage. The 
ideas on which the burning of paper money is 
based, disclose a very low and sordid view of 
the life to come, and of the gods who rule over it 
It seems scarcely to have occurred to the average 
Chinaman, that burning paper money to the gods 
degrades them by assuming their venality. The 
Chinese mind is so thoroughly schooled to the 
idea, that money is the prime consideration, that 
he cannot conceive, that even the gods can be 
otherwise than actuated by the same motives. 
The absence of sensuality from Chinese worship 
is often referred to as a singular excellence, and 
as lifting it above the idolatrous worship of 
Greece and Rome. It is a question, however, 
whether this conceded excellence is not more 
than counterbalanced by the distinctly mercenary 
character of Chinese worship and Chinese gods. 
The aggregate effect on the moral character is 
probably worse in the latter case than in the 
former. The subordination of every moral 
principle to the influence of money, is probably 
greater in China than in any other land. The 
love of money being the root of all evil, no land 
presents greater obstacles to the Gospel than 
does China. 



1893.] 



Progress 0} Missions in China — Letters — Syria. 



Ill 



PROGRESS OP MISSIONS IN CHINA. 



J. G. KERB, If. D. 



1880 

Societies represented, 2 

liisdonariefl (Male), 8 

" (Wives), I 

*' (Single Lar 

dies), 

Native preachers (ord.), 

" " mnord)., 

" helpers (female), 

Churches, 

Communicants, 1 

Schools. 

Pupils (in all schools), 

Theological Schools, 

Students, 

Hospitals, 

Dispensaries, 

Physicians (male), 

(female). 



1847 1854 1880 

14 15 29 

68 78 250 

45 40 168 



5 




3 




29 

5 
6* 861 
? ? 
? 812 



tt 





6 
f 
6 




f 

? 
6 
? 
6 




63 

73 

511 

90 

400 

18,000 

847 

7,295 

20 

23t 

16 

24 

? 

? 



1889 

40 

589 

891 

316 
211 
1,266 
180 
522 
37,287 

? 
16,886 
? 
f 
61 
44 
101 
25 



Note.— An increase for three years must be 
added to last column to bring statistics to date. The 
number of communicants is now estimated to be 
about 50,000. (Rev. Dr. Pierson.) 

AutHORiniBS.— S. Wells Williams; Newoombes' 
Cyclopedia; Bainbridge ; Report of Shanghai Confer- 
ence, 1890. 

In 1807 the first Protestant Missionary, Rev. 
Dr. l^Iorrison, arrived in China. 

From 1807 to 1842 Canton and Macao ^ere the 
only places open to foreigners. 

In 1840-42 the opium war occurred. By the 
Treaty of Nankin (1842) the Ports of Amoy, 
Foochow, Ningpo and Shanghai, in addition to 
Canton, were opened to foreigners, and Hong 
Kong was <%ded to England. Travel was re- 
stricted to a day's journey from any of the open 
ports. 

From 1842 to 1860 mission work was restricted % 
to the five open ports and vicinity and to Hong 
Kong and Macao, the latter a Portugese pos- 
session. 

In October 1856 the second war began. By 
the Treaty of Tientsin (1858) and the Convention 
of Peking (1860) the following new ports were 
opened : North of Shanghai, Newchwang, Tien- 
tsin and Chefoo. On the Island of Formosa, 
Taiwan and Takao; on the mainland south of 
Amoy. Swatow. On the great river Yangtsz, 
Hankow, Kiukiang and Chinkiang. The rig}it 
to travel anywhere in the interior on passports 
was granted and protection was pledged to mis- 
sions and converts. From this time (1860) 
mission work began to extend all over the 
Empire. 

8. Wells Williams arrived in China in 1883. 
Some days after landing he writes, ''I saw the 
only convert, Leung Afat." 

In the Life and Letters of Dr. Williams, p. 60, 
it is stated, " We made an attempt (1833) to have 
CMaeoe tracts and gospels pHnt^ f ropA b]ock3, 



but this resulted so disastrously to the natives 
employed that thirteen years passedhetore another 
attempt of this sort was made. " 

In reference to Dr. Morrison, Dr. Williams 
says, (see Life and Letters, p. 70), *'The spirit 
of seclusion then in the fullness of its might 
among Chinese officials, joined to the equally 
restrictive rules of the East India Company 
against converting the natives, made the open 
propagandism of Christianity Impossible during 
his (Dr. Morrison's) whole life at Canton." 

Have Christian Missions made any progress in 
China in 81 years? 

SYRIA. 

A Substitute for Watches: — Rev. Mr. Hos- 
kins writes : Perhaps some of the readers of the 
Chubch would be amused to learn how we 
measure distances in Syria. Of course people 
now know something of miles and kilometres, 
but they very seldom make use of such. If one 
asks the distance to a certain place the answer 
always comes so many "hours," meaning as far as 
a mule or loaded animal will travel in an hour. 
Now seeing that there are thousands of people 
who never owned either watches or clocks, and 
many thousands more who could not tell the 
time if they did own them, an "hour" is a very 
indefinite length or quantity. -I frequently go a 
distance of eleven ''hours" in six or seven, and 
once I took in seventeen consecutive hours a dis- 
tance of at least two day's Journey. If one asks 
concerning a short distance a man may answer, 
"a cigarette away," meaning if one walks as 
long as it takes him to smoke a cigarette he will 
reach the place in question. But one of our 
Syrian friends who is now in America deserves 
the credit of a new way of measuring since he 
wrote to his friends, that ** New York was just 
two dollars and a half away from Philadelphia." 



spiritual atmosphere and fruit. 

MissM. C. Holmes, Iripoli :-^The spiritual 
atmosphere which has pervaded our school for 
ttoe years w« tire iwcre^^ingly grateful for. 



112 



Persia — Moslems Against the Jews. 



[Ftbruary^ 



There is a constant assurance of the Spirit's 
presence manifested in many ways. Last week 
we were gladdened and comforted by the conver- 
sion of a daughter of our helper in Safita. This 
is her second year as a boarder with us and we 
have watched long and anxiously for her conver- 
sion and at last it came as a blessed surprise. 

Another girl, a new boarder, said last night 
that she desired to be a " Christ child " and told 
me how she said the same to her father, a promi- 
nent man in the Greek Church, but who is so 
far enlightened that he lets this child of his 
refrain from going to confession because she has 
made up her mind that it is better to go into her 
room and confess her sins to God alone. She 
has been a day pupil for years and hM absorbed 
the truth as a plant drinks in sunshine, and now 
knows no other way. You "have brought me 
up," she says, and prays to neither virgin nor 
saint but God to give her a new heart. The 
various meetings for prayer are solemn occasions. 
Each day in the noon recess there is a meeting 
for church members and those desiring admit- 
tance to the church; just a withdrawing for fif- 
teen minutes into the presence of the Master, a 
waiting on him to lay special cases of need 
before him and to get his commands for the rest 
of the day. Every Friday afternoon there is a 
general meeting for prayer in the senior study 
room, conducted by Miss LaGrange or myself, 
and once a month by one of the gentle- 
men of the station. Then on Sunday, in 
addition to the Sunday-school and church 
service, there are four different prayer circles 
which meet in the evening, led by Miss LaGrange, 
myself and two assistant teachers, and in all 
these meetings many of the girls take part and 
are really interested. 



PERSIA. 



MOSLBMS AOAS^ST THE JEWS. 

Miss Chablotte MoNTGOicERY, Hdmodan — 
There has only been one case of cholera among 
the Armenians in the city, and I think that might 
be traced to imprudence. The Moslems are very 

an^rjr t|^t the Ame9iAUf b^^y^ ^99aped, for »t 



first their Mollalusaid their prayers would keep 
it from their quarter of the city and it would 
only be among the Jews and Armenians. They 
seem to be venting their anger on the poor Jews. 
Several were seized and beaten one day this 
week and an order was given that they should 
not appear on the street without a certain sign 
on, so that every one should know that they 
were Jews. One morning a great crowd gathered 
at one of the MoUah's houses, and asked what 
they should do. Should they kill them all, exter- 
minate them, pull down their houses or what ? 
As he commanded so they would do. He said 
no one should sell them anything or buy any- 
thing from them, and they (the Moslems) should 
not call in Jewish doctors, and so boycott them. 
Whether this will satisfy the mob or not remains 
t ) be seen. 

Hamadan is all in an uproar, and who knows 
what the end will be ? About three hundred 
men came to the telegraph office and telegraphed 
to the king, '* These Jews must bcicome Moslems 
or we must kill them all." The Governor is not 
in the city, none of those in power are here, so 
the mob has it all its own way. But there is 
One who can restrain the wrath of man. 

Every one seems as if walking on a volcano. 
The other day the Governor sent word he was 
coming, and ordered preparations made for quite 
a regiment, and people thought he was coming 
to seize the MoUah and send him to Teheran. 

I heard that the old Mollah was at the Bawbs 
again yesterday. Some of them had their noses 
bored, a string put through, and thus were led 
through the bazaars. It is said that there are 
infiammatory placards up in the bazaars to this 
effect: ** There are six persons who have taken 
money from the Jews and are working for them. 
Let us gather this afternoon in the Mexhed and 
gather money to give them. If they turn to our 
side well ; if not, we will kill them with the 
other Jews." 

It is reported that the Governor and others 
called the chief of the Jews and made them con- 
consent to several things. Ist. That all Jews 
wear the mark ; 2d. That the women wear black 



1898.] Africa — Fernando Po — Spanish Romanism — Down the Ogowe. 



113 



street on a rainy day; 4th. That their houses 
must not be higher than any Moslem house ; 5th. 
That the men must wear a cloak of two colors. 
Later: Everything is comparatively quiet in 
the city now. There are companies of soldiers 
stationed at all the city gates, for what reason 
nobody knows. They say there is a man com- 
ing from Teheran to look into things. 



APIIICA. 



VKBNANDO PO — SPAlilSH BOMANISM. 

Miss Kassau and Miss Babe have encountered 
serious difficulties in reaching Africa. Their 
steamer struck a rock ia Clarence Bay and was 
so disabled that she could not continue her 
voyage. After a detention of three weeks in 
Ferando Po, the ladies took passage for Bataoga 
on the '* Nubia" where they arrived October 2d. 
While waiting for the steamer to sail. Miss 
Nassau wrote as follows on September 30 : 

To look upon, Fernando Po is a beautiful 
island. The sunsets baffle any descripiion of 
their gorgeous beauty. The town of Santa 
Isabel with its white buildings, set in the midst 
of feathery palms, crowns the steep hill that 
forms a half curve of the harbor; but it is a 
miserable place when you come to look at the 
humanity which lives surrouoded by all this 
beauty. Spanish Romanism flourishes here, un- 
controlled by any civilized government. 

It was refreshing to us to sit in the well-filled 
church of the English Primitive Methodists, in 
one of whose houses we were lodged, and listen to 
the sermon of the missionary in English, to the 
soulful singing and hearty responses of the peo- 
ple. It did seem to me incongruous at first, that 
people who spoke such an unusual dialect of the 
English tongue could understand the cultured 
phrases of Revs. Messrs. Fairley and Pick- 
ering, but they certainly did hear enough to 
make them exceedingly attentive. The numbers 
in attendance on these precious English services 
are greatly superior to those who attend the 
meagre worship of the Romanists. 

Spanish is spoken of course by the Govern- 

pi^t offlpinU »Qd tbelr employes, b^t tbe peopfe 



who call themselves Femandians, speak this 
Sierra Leone dialect of English which is not 
Pigeon English, neither Ejtoo, nor yet that of our 
Americo- Africans in the South. Many of the 
people are from Sierra Leone. 

The dear missionaries in Fernando Po are very 
brave in faith, though no school-teaching in any 
language is allowed them, and soon the order 
may come to cease even preaching. 



DOWN THE OGOWE. 

Rbv. Herman Jacot, Kangtoe : — My first trip 
carried me far down the Ogowe and into the side 
lakes and lasted ten or eleven days. The outfit 
for such a trip is about as follows: A camp bed 
on cross legs, folding into a small roll a yard 
long ; a provision box, partitioned off and con- 
taining provisions, chiefly in tins, with the 
necessary complement of table and kitchen uten- 
sils. Two jugs of flltered spring water, a small 
trunk containing exchange -goods, cloth, fish 
hooks, etc., for buying food for the men ; a valise 
of personal effects ; an iron trunk containiug the 
silver communion set; and last, but not least, 
the little portable Mason and Hamlin organ in its 
case, by means of which the crowd is quickly 
drawn. Besides these, my five oars-men and 
Yongwe, the Bible-reader, have each their little 
roll of bedding. All this is stowed away in the 
capacious sides of the "Montclair", the mission 
boat, which has already travelled many bundled 
miles up and down the Ogowe and in and out of 
the lakes which form a chain on each side of the 
water course, .... On Friday, I awoke at six, 
held prayers, invited my white friend to partake 
of my breakfast seasoned with a Christian spirit. 
We left at seven-thirty for Igenja, where we 
have a little native chapel, and where I am to 
hold the first communion. 

BPIBrT WOBSHIF. 

After a short rest and landing part of our 
cargo, including the bedding, we left for Asynpa, 
which is the last Galwa town down the river and 
the limit of my proposed trip. It is a town 
almost wholly given up to spirit-worship and 

bwtbw flte* wd festivities, J wrtkpd wutt4 



114 



Edifying Christians — Siam — Schools and Press. 



[Februarj/^ 



town, preaching Christ in and out of season, and 
after dinner gathered our few Christians and all 
others we could draw, and preached to them on 
God's being light. This town has already given 
us some good Christians and our best Bible - 
reader, Yongwe. 

I was presented by the chief with two branches 
of plantains (coarse bananas and the staple 
food of the country) and some smoked fish. 
Then we passed on to a neighboring town of the 
Ivilis and preached to them of Qod's love. A 
long pull back of two hours brought us again to 
Igenja. 

EDIFYING CHRISTIANS. 

After supper we gathered together our Chris- 
tians by ringing the bell, and I spoke to them on 
hungering and thirsting after righteousnees. It 
occurred to me at that moment that I should 
hold a little class-meeting in every town I came 
to, somewhat after the style of our Methodist 
Episcopal brethren, that I might know the 
religious status of each one and perform inten- 
sive as well as extensive work. I had a little 
particular conversation after, but I mean to try 
the experiment as a regular part of my work. 

On Sunday Communion service was held. In 
all, nineteen persons were received into the in- 
quiry class, and three were baptized. 



PERSIA. 
Describing a tour among the outstations of 
Tabriz, the Rev. S, G. Wilson writes: Leaving 
Mianeh we cross a high pass, the Koflan Euh, 
and shortly afterwards leave Azcrbijan and 
enter a small province called Elhamseh (on the 
map Gerrus or Kurdasir). It is perhaps one 
hundred miles long and about the same broad. 
Its capital is Zenjan (20,000 or 80,000), situated 
in a fertile valley on a river of the same name 
On the river bank are extensive gardens 
and orchards. The city was surrounded by a 
wall before the Babi rebellion, but it is now de- 
molished. It has a striking looking mosque 
with fine blue tile dome and several graves of 
Emaum-Zades. The new residence and court 
house of the Prince €k)vernor, an uncle of the 
Shah, are built wmewjw^t \a European style with 



gable roofs. This Governor is just recovering 
from a wound inflicted by the chief of the Shah- 
savan nomads who dwell in the mountains. He 
had murdered his wife and defied the Govern- 
ment to punish him. When they went to cap- 
ture him his tribe killed forty of the King's 
soldiers and wounded the Governor and his 
brother. Afterwards he fled and his villages 
were looted. Here there is also an office of the 
Indo-European Telegraph Co., with a German 
in charge. The situation of Zenjan is remark- 
ably central. It is about seven days' caravan 
journey (200 miles) from Tabriz, Teheran, Ham- 
adan, Ardebil, Rf scht and Maragha. It is part 
of the Tabriz field, as the language of thei>eople 
is Turkish. The ruins of the Moghul capital of 
Persia with the delapidated Mosque of Shah 
Ehooda Benda, are twenty-five miles to the east 
at Sultanieh. The city of Zenjan has a few Ar- 
menians, chiefly wine sellers, and several Jewish 
doctors. The rest are Shiahs with many Babis 
and Sufees. 

A year ago Merza Mesrof, one of our theologi- 
cal students, spent his vacation here, and after 
graduation came to settle permanently. 



SIAM. 

SCHOOLS AND PKE68. 

Miss Labissa J . Cooper, Bangkok:—Tbis term 
the attendance at the Sumray Christian High 
School is the largest in years ; 106 are enrolled, 
46 of whom are boarders. The classes are being 
worked up to a higher standard in grade, and 
the need for a preparatory department is urgent. 
Three of the most promising pupils were ad- 
mitted to the church in September, and another 
placed on probation for three months. Sfeven 
have confessed Christ during the year, and meet 
every Sabbath afternoon to pray for their fellow 
students individually. Several of those prayed 
for have shown a deepened interest in religion. 

At the Ban Mai School 88 pupils are enrolled. 
The teacher collects the dues from the pupils, 
and the school is almost self-supporting. 

Wang Lang School is growing almost to the 
limit o( our iwrcommodation^, We have wgeived 



1893.] 



Darkness in Brazil. 



115 



four new pupils already this month, and prom- 
ises of two or three more soon. Almost all are 
boarders, and with the teachers our family at 
table numbers 84 at present. Our desks are all 
in use, and our primary department which recites 
upstairs is encroaching on the sleeping quarters. 
The finances of the school are very gratifying. 
Thus far this year receipts have exceeded ex- 
penses. 

Part of the press work for August and Sep- 
tember has been to print 1,265,600 pages of 
Scriptures, tracts, newspaper, and school books. 
Two thousand six hundred volumes have been 
covered with paper or cloth, and 143 volumes of 
Scripture portions have been bound. 



DARKNESS IN BRAZIL. 

Rev. J. B. Kolb, Brazil : — Owing to their 
ignorance, the common people are terribly 
superstitious and idolatrous. They believe, 
that when their priests bless their images, 
the saint represented enters them at once and 
there abides; so that when prayer is offered 
before the image, the saint addressed, at once 
hears. Certain way-side crosses are consid- 
ered as especially miraculous in their powers. 
It has been noticed that those crosses, set up 
where the most atrocious murders have been 
committed, work the most marvelous miracles. 
In some parts of Brazil, in the time of drought, 
the priests gather their people together, 
generally at the time of the change of the 
moon, then in solemn procession remove an 
image of one of their saints, generally that of 
the Virgin Mary, from one church to another, 
with the idea that the saint removed, will be 
so anxious to get back to his church and 
shrine, that he will cause it to rain. If the 
rain comes, people will gladly bear him home. 
Sometimes the image is carried and placed in 
the midst of a dry cistern or reservoir. In 
order not to be exposed to sun^and dew, he 
causes it to rain. At this, the people quickly 
carry him back. In other parts, people carry 
pots of water or vessels with food to the 
priests to have their contents blessed before 
using them. All sorts of amulets and 
charms are worn and believed in. They say, 
that every evening about 6 o'clock, the Virgin 



Mary passes along the streets, and is saddened 
if she does not find a lamp burning before 
her shriAe. Strange stories are told of the 
punishment inflicted upon their saints when 
they do not comply with their petitions; as 
when some boatmen trying to beat into the 
harbor of Bahia, appealed to St. Antonio, 
whom they had on board, to help them, but 
prayed in vain ; finally, in desperation, they 
pitched him, Jonah-like, into the sea, and 
then redoubling their efforts, gained the 
harbor. From ignorance and superstition, 
the steps are easy to the violation of the 
Seventh Commandment, which sits very 
lightly upon the conscience of the people. 

Illegitimate children are as numerous as 
the legitimate, if not more so. The viola- 
tion of this c<Hnmandment constitutes a 
baiTier to the reception of the gospel on the 
part of very many. All this evil, in a great 
measure, can be laid at the door of the priests 
who, by their vicious example and still more 
vicious axiom, '^ do as I say and not as I do *' 
have led their people into these depths of cor- 
ruption and sin. 

Probably no other class of men have exerted 
and do still exert so great an influence over 
the people, as a whole, as the priests. A sad 
picture and revolting could be traced of the 
ignorance, vice and superstition of the priest- 
hood, although there are some notable excep- 
tions. A deceased archbishop said, that of the 
two worst things in Brazil one was the priest. 
A legate of the Pope, a few years ago, was sent 
to inquire into the religious condition of Brazil ; 
he in confldence allowed a part of his report to 
be examined, which showed all too plainly into 
what an awful state of corruption the Church 
had fallen. It has been said by Romanists 
that Rome needs to send missionaries to con- 
vert and teach its own people. A vicar not 
long ago said to a colporteur, '* Say to your 
pastor, come and visit my parish and teach 
my people, I do not pretend to teach them 
anything; all I care for is their two milreis, 
the price of the masses which they want 
said." Another priest is not known to have 
preached a sermon in a long term of years. 
Yet another priest, who is a chaplain in the 
army and very popular, was chided because 
of his immoral life; his reply to his over- 



116 



Japan — Peraecvtion Iry Buddhists, 



[Fibruary^ 



zealous friends was this: ^^When I am in 
the church I am a priest; but outside of it 1 
am just as any other man, and I may do as I 
please. No thanks to you for meddling in 
what does not concern you/* 

Brazilians, owing to their religion, are al- 
ways ready tcf give an alms when asked in 
the name of God. They make much of good 
works. When they come to know the truth 
as it is in Jesus they make excellent Chris- 
tians as a rule. It is not easy for North 
American Christians to understand to what 
an extent their brethren in Christ in Brazil 
have to suffer. Friends will often bear with 
those who love the Gospel for years, but just 
as soon as they come out openly on the 
Lord^s side they at once begin to persecute; 
not always by open, violent persecution, but 
by that kind of persecution which, in the in- 
timate social relations of life it is so hard to 
bear. The wonder is that so many care to 
openly confess Christ and that so few go back 
to Rome. 

But a missionary's life among these people 
has 80 many compensations that he forgets all 
about those things which might be called pri- 
vations. Compensation, abounds such as the 
love and good-will of those who have come to 
Christ and of those who are friendly, shown 
in the sending of all sorts of little presents, 
and in cordial visits after a return from a 
journey, or during sickness. 

Above all that greater joy of hearing such 
g^ood testimony of the Holy Spirit's power 
and seeing the consistent Christian living of 
so many. Surely to be in the midst of such 
things, must yield great satisfaction and joy; 
and to the missionary when obliged by fail- 
ing health to leave those labors and rest for 
a while at home, there comes an intense de- 
sire and longing to return and be engaged 
once more in such delightful and stirring 
scenes. 

JAPAN. 

PBRSBGUTION BY BUPDH^STS. 

Rkv. p. 8. Curtis, ffiroshima: — We are hav- 
ing quite an agitation in Hiroshima at present in 
the shape of sharp opposition on the part of the 
Buddhists. Several weeks ago some of the 
priests hii^d youQjG^ mpn to break up our chapel 



preaching services; and recently, for a number 
of nights in succession, they held large ** Lecture 
Meetings " in a theatre, for the express purpose 
of running down Christianity and driving it out 
of the city. Some fifteen hundred to two 
thousand people attended these nightly meetings. 
The avowed determination of the opposersis: 

l8t. To close up Christian preaching places 
and churches. 

2d. To harass the Christians. 

8rd. To drive out the Missionaries and Japanese 
preachers. 

On the 19th of last month they made a special 
effort to put some of their principles into action. 
Our preaching place in the west central part of 
the city at " Shusamba,*' is directly opposite the 
theatre where the Buddhist lectures were going 
on. On the evening mentioned, even before the 
time for openicg the meeting, a crowd bad filled 
the house, the theatre, and the entire court-yard 
between. Our chapel steps were so crowded 
that it was with difficulty that I entered. The 
first speaker, a young licentiate, Mr. Fujita, 
had barely begun, when some one in the audience 
demanded with a loud voice, an answer to the 
question: " Of what use was it for God to create 
man Y* Not being noticed by the speaker, he 
reiterated his question in still louder tones, and 
announcing himself as the representative of a 
large part of those present, appealed to the latter 
as to whether his question deserved a reply. 
Some fifty young men and boys, evidently drilled 
for the occasion, supported him most vociferously 
and in spite of the efforts of the chairman and 
several policemen (who told him that the meet- 
ing was for preaching and not for lecture or 
debate, and therefore that question would not be 
publicly answered, and that his purpose, as he 
well knew, was simply to break up the meeting) 
the meeting was interrupted for about a quarter 
of an hour. 

At the close of this time, however, the dis- 
turbers arose in a body and left the hall in great 
disorder. The Christians immediately united in 
singing ''God is Love," and there was no 
further serious interruption, either during the 
sprmop of Mr. Fujita, Mr. Topie^awa, or my.- 



1893.J 



^xxico—A Wide but Difficult Fidd — Cities and Imons. 



117 



self. At the close of the meeting we found the 
doorway and steps blocked with people, and 
some two hnndred to three hundred standing in 
the court. When we appeared, the crowd 
shouted in derision, using the contemptuous 
word for foreigner, Ketqfin, Several policemen 
advanced and cleared an opening through the 
crowd which pressed on after us into a narrow 
exit to the main street. Here, for a moment 
only, the police held back the crowd, while we 
three speakers walked around the comer, where I 
bade the Japanese brethren good night and went 
to the back of a store to get my bicycle. I had 
no sooner entered, than the crowd came surging 
by. Supposing we had all taken to our heels, 
they rushed on, even beyond the other two, and 
up a side street, where they supposed we had 
gone, but failing in their search, they returned 
to the Main Street, though not so far back as the 
store where I was lighting my bicycle lamp, so I 
rode home without detention* But the crowd 
discovering the two Japanese preachers, 
began to deride and jostle and pelt them with 
graveL The latter accordingly sought refuge in 
a near police station, and were obliged to remain 
there for several hours, the crowd refusing to 
disperse. 

This occurrence is neither the beginning nor 
end of a persistent fight against Christianity. 
Besides disturbances of this kind, the names of 
the believers have been published with appro- 
priate advice as to how those should, be treated 
who bear the name of * ' Yaso " ( Jesus). In view 
of all this, the four denominations in Hiroshima 
have established a plan of union, and are holding 
large preaching meetings with no other opposi- 
tion than a jeering crowd at our heels for several 
blocks on our way home from the services. 
Already the excitement caused by the Buddhist 
Lectures seems greatly allayed. 

Our minds are at rest, for we know that noth- 
ing can be done except that which His hand and 
His counsel hath determined beforehand to be 
done. For several weeks we have been praying 
for an especial outpouring of the Spirit upon the 
Hiroshima Church, and we feel that this petty 
peneinitioa nia^ be tl^e n^^az^s to the end we seek. 



MEXICO. 

▲ WroB BUT DIFFICITLT FIBIiD. 

Rev. C. Scott Williams, San Luis Potosi: — 
I think that this is a hard field. There is not 
possible here, at present, the advance that has 
been made at Zitacuaro and Zacatecas. I sup- 
pose that the difference is the fanaticism of the 
people. There is much suffering from the 
drought and many of our members are scattered 
in search of work. One little town near here 
where we had a student employed in the vaca- 
tion last year is almost entirely depopulated. I 
presume that similar word has come to you from 
Mr. Wallace in Zacatecas. In a recent letter to 
me he says: **I never found myself so busy 
looking after the sick and poor." Every day 
members of our church come to me and want 
help of some sort. I am not well enough ac- 
quainted with the town and merchants to pro- 
cure them work. 

CITIES AND TOWNS. 

In this state there are four cities of over 20,000 
inhabitants where there is no Christian work un- 
dertaken as yet. Besides, there are a score or more 
of smaller towns of from five to eight thousand 
where as good a work could be done, in time, as 
we have started in Yenado. To be sure there is 
difficulty attending the work in every place. A 
Bible colporteur passed through Catorce, a town 
of 6,000 and failed to sell a single book. Much 
of this state is in the hot country where it is bard 
to live, but in those very parts the people are 
most open to the Gospel. I made a visit to 
Charcas and Yenado this week, returning last 
night. I find that the work has suffered some 
since the visits of Mr. Beall ceased, but it can be 
revived again. Where there was a strong oppo- 
sition a few months ago, and even persecution, 
now there is tolerance. I presume that all new 
work must go through this stage in these small 
towns. 

At Yenado I baptized two infants and then 
preached. There was a crowd of curious 
people at the window and they made some con- 
fusion, but they were simply the ruder element 
of the town. 



HOME MISSIONS. 



DELAY DISASTROUS. 

The work of Home Missions must be 
pushed forward without delay. It is not safe 
to slacken our sx>eed a single year. If the 
English and the Germans should be neglect- 
ful of their home work for a generation they 
would not be much affected by it socially, 
politically, or religiously, because they have 
reached their maturity and become settled in 
their principles and habits. That is not the 
case with our nation. We are as yet in the 
germ which has to be developed. The pop- 
ulation of Great Britain and Germany will 
not be much larger at the end of the century 
than it is to-day, but the population of the 
United States will have increased by that 
time from twenty to thirty millions. This 
unprecedented growth of our natton led the 
late John Angell James, of Birmingham, Eng- 
land, to say at a public dinner given to a 
number of Americans: "Your homework, 
gentlemen, is paramount at present at least 
to all others. The object of your zeal must 
be your own country — to supply her rapidly 
increasing population with able and faithful 
ministers. You must cultivate the waste 
places of your homestead or it will be over- 
run with thorns and briers." 

If the nation, in the future, is to be what 
our forefathers intended it to be, its religious 
forces must be greatly strengthened. The 
hosts of evil are increasing* in number and 
strength so rapidly that they will soon prove 
too strong to be controlled by the Church, 
unless she is up and doing. *' It is charac- 
teristic of such a period as we live in," says 
Prof. Phelps, **that moral forces not only 
accumulate fast but they set quick in the 
mold of national character. They are indu- 
118 



rated rapidly and for centuries to come. 
That process of national conservation which 
results in fixed character, and which, in the 
Oriental world, has produced such immobile 
usages, laws, beliefs and institutions is here 
in its beginning. We have the privilege of 
shaping it just here. It can be modified 
now; not so half a century later. It can be 
changed and revolutionized, headed this way 
or that, at present; not so probably three de- 
cades hence." What shall we do? Under- 
take to fulfil the task, or allow indifference 
and disregard for the future to let the rarest 
opportunity of our life slip? 

In this as in other great enterprises 
time is an all-important element. Material 
interests in the shape of commeree, trade, 
railway, banking, etc., are advancing with 
astonishing rapidity. Those who have not 
visited the great West can form no conception 
of the growth of towns, the settlement of dis- 
tricts, and the multiplication of industries 
there. All over the land pulses are beating 
at a fever rate. Electricity and steam are 
the only symbols that can adequately set 
forth the rapidity of our material progress. 
Society is in a perpetual whirl foaming like a 
boiling caldron. All is hurry, bustle and 
confusion. Houses run up as by magic, 
mountains are tunnelled in a day, torrents 
are bridged whilst people are asleep, and lines 
of railways extend over prairies and through 
valleys at the rate of many miles per week. 
The steam engine is thundering over the 
plains of Kansas and Nebraska and through 
the canons of Colorado, Utah and New 
Mexico with a speed that never slackens. 

With all wordly enterprises thus quivering 
with life and activity can the Church afford 



1893.] 



Benefit qf Organization — Eastern Washington. 



119 



to moye leisurely t Can the i>astor afford to 
let his people remain in ignorance of what is 
going on and can the layman ref ose to do all 
in his power to save the land for Christ! 
Not without proving recreant to their tmst. 
Oar home missionaries shonld join the long 
cavalcade of immigrants as they begin their 
march across the plains; their voice shonld 
be heard in the miners' camp, along the 
gulches of the Rocky Mountains and at the 
door of the dug-outs on the frontier, or the 
Bomish priest, the Mormon missionary and 
the zealous infidel will have secured their 
victims. These stirring times call upon us 
for self-denying efforts. 



THE BENEFIT OF ORGANIZATION. 

A short time since a noble contribution 
came to the treasury of the Board from the 
Sabbath-school of the Westminster Presby- 
terian Church of Yonkers, N. Y. The 
amount of it created a little surprise, because 
the school would hardly be classed among the 
rich ones. Upon inquiry, it was found that 
the great work of evangeli2dng our land had 
been strongly presented to every organization 
connected with the school. The Young 
Men's Bible-class, and the Thomas Bible-class, 
as well as the different societies represented 
therein, had been urged to do their best 
toward paying the debt of the Board and 
carrying the Gospel to the uttermost parts of 
the country. The result was a large contri- 
bution that gladdened our hearts and helped 
to reduce the debt and carry on the work 
in the field. If pastors, superintendents, 
Sabbath-schools, and presidents of church 
societies, could be induced to interest all 
classes and ages in the Church's work, the 
treasuries of our Boards would soon feel the 
good effects of it. The effort would not have 
to be very great, but the fruit would be rich. 



Eastern Washinqtok — that part of the 
state east of the great bend of the Colum- 
bia, and forming perhaps one-third of the 
state — is one of the richest and most rap- 
idly-developing regions of the great North- 
west, Dr. Ounn writes in a recent letter 
as follows : 

The field consisting of Rockford and 
Fairfield, Spokane Co., is now particularly 
hopeful because of the extraordinary de- 
velopment of Fairfield. The beet-sugar 
product promises to be the finest in the 
world. The sample produced was 24 per 
cent, sugar. It is a very fine farming 
region, regardless of this. The new 
church building there is nearly complete. 
We are virtually the only church in the 
place, as the other church (Lutheran) is 
only for the scattered German population. 
We have the most earnest people, and if 
we do simple justice to our work we will 
be very successful. 

At the earnest instance of one of the 
town site owners of the new town of 
Bridgeport I had a board of trustees 
appointed, who will incorporate and ac- 
cept of lots for building. This new town 
is situated on the Columbia, near the 
mouth of Okanogan River, on the main 
route from Coulee City to the extensive 
gold and silver mines known as the Con- 
connuUy and Slokan mines. The railroad 
is soon to be extended to Bridgeport, and 
great development is inevitable. The re- 
quest for our coming is from a number of 
Presbyterian families who first settled up 
the farms adjoining. 

Two years have made a wonderful 
change in the region known as the *^ Big 
Bend.'' This includes all that region 
west of Spokane and south of the Colum- 
bia and Spokane rivers, reaching 175 miles 
east and west. The towns are becoming 
substantial, excellent school and church 
buildings have been put up, frame busi- 
ness blocks are giving place to brick, and 
the rude board farmhouse to the elegant 
and commodious home. The southern 
part of this plain is crossed by the new 
Great Northern railroad, which has al- 
ready created towns of great and perma- 
nent importance. One little station where 
we now have lots selected has already 
shipped this season 400,000 bushels of 
wheat. That of itself would soon make a 
town. But west of this is the wonderful 



120 



Synod of Wisconsin — Suggestions of the Census. [February^ 



Ohelan region, contignoas to Lake Chelan^ 
perliaps the most pictaresque body of 
water in the United States. It is sur- 
rounded by very rich mines which are be- 
ing very rapidly developed. An electric 
line will connect the mines at the head of 
the lake with the steamers on the Colum- 
bia river. Two towns are now there, and 
this railroad line will develop another. 
The development in mining in Okanogan 
and Stevens counties, which embrace all 
that part of Washington north of Spo- 
kane, has been very rapid during last year, 
and will be much greater next. At least 
six prominent points should be occupied 
there by us this year. 



The city of Omaha fairly represents the 
condition of society in the new West. 
Three years ago a census revealed the f ol 
lowing facts: There were 62,000 Ameri- 
cans, 15,000 Irish, 14,000 Swedes, 10,000 
Oermans, 3,000 Danes, 3,000 Bohemians, 
1,000 Norwegians, 1,000 Welsh, 1,000 
other foreigners. Of these 54,000 were 
Protestants, 30,000 Catholics, 6,000 Jews, 
and 20,000 unbelievers. 



bers. To complete the organization they elected 
three elders and three trustees. Before they sepa- 
rated they determined to build a house of worship^ 
and raised more than half of the necessary funds. 
We have but two Bohemian pastors in our synod, 
consequently the Rev. Joseph Balcar of Melnick 
has to travel a long distance and preach to these 
two congregations once a month. This conse- 
crated Bohemian is doing splendid service for 
the Master, and his success with his own people 
is truly apostolic. We hope this coming spring 
for a re enforcement of pastors to tell to this 
people the story of God's infinite love in the Bo- 
hemian tongue. They are tired of the galling 
yokes that Rome has placed around their necks 
for so many centuries. They still love the old 
Gospel, if they only knew how to find it, that 
their forefathers thought so much of on the 
plains of Bohemia as to die for it. 



SYNOD OF WISCONSIN. 

BEV. W. D. THOMAS, S. M. 

The foreign work in our midst is being pushed 
with vigor. We meet with considerable en- 
couragement. On the morning of Friday, Nov. 
4, 1892, a commission from the Presbytery of 
Madison, accompanied by two Bohemian pastors 
— the Rev. Joseph Balcar of Melnick, and the 
Rev. Joseph Bren of Racine — visited Muscoda 
and organized there a Bohemian Presbyterian 
Church. Number of members enrolled, 25. 
Then the church elected three elders and four 
trustees. Here the people, thus far unaided, 
have almost completed a neat sanctuary for the 
worship of Qod. John Huss did not die in vain. 
The seed of truth scattered by him many centu- 
ries ago is being gathered to-day on this far-off 
continent, a ripened harvest. This people have 
this day their earnest prayers answered and their 
most cherished dreams realized in a Bohemian 
Pretbyterian church. 

On the afternoon of the same day they organ- 
ized at Highland, a neighboring village, a Bo- 
hemian Presbyterian church of thirty- two mem- 



SUGGESTI0N8 OF THE CENSUS. 

The Presbyterian Journal gives, in a recent 
issue, the following item and table: — 

The Chief of the Bureau of Statistics reports 
that the total number of immigrants arrived at 
the ports of the United States from the principal 
foreign countries, except from the British North- 
America possessions and Mexico, during the 
month ended November SOth, 1892, and the first 
eleven months ending the same, as compared with 
the same periods of the preceding year, was as 

follows: — 

Month ended 11 mo*8 eoded 
Ck>iintrle8. November 80. November M. 

1898. 1891. 1808. 1891. 

Austria-Hungarr-Bohemla 680 591 7 181 10 877 

Hungary 606 8 688 81 728 81 fl8 

Other Austria (except 

Poland) 868 8 680 88 880 90 606 

Denmark 471 648 748 10 176 

France 418 680 4 048 6 088 

Germany 866 604 111966 116 989 

Italy 8586 8 784 66 487 66 661 

Netherlands 600 848 7 496 6 841 

Poland 86 1 616 86 685 80 078 

Russia (except Poland)... 810 5 861 51885 67 148 

Sweden and Norway 8 646 8 100 68 90S 51061 

Switzerland 687 587 6 166 6 640 

United Kingdom— Eng- 

landandWiUes 4 044 8 875 48 107 40 050 

Scotland. 670 688 10 767 18 068 

Ireland 1008 1048 40 408 54 864 

All other countries 1480 1470 88 180 10 887 

Total 87 40888616 680 763 668 078 

There are obvious suggestions from the above 
as bearing on the work of Home Missions. 

1. It is evident that the tide of immigration is 
not slackening. In 1891, it brought to our shores 
about 600,000 souls— nearly one-hundreth of the 
entire population. At the rate above indicated 
for eleven months, 1892 will bring us even more. 



1893.] 



NtAea on Kansas — Natives qf Alaska. 



121 



Immigration must some day diminish by its 
very continuance; but for these two years it has 
really increased as compared with a few years 
past. 

2. The quality of the immigrants has greatly 
deteriorated. A large proportion of them are of 
a lower grade, socially, and morally, than their 
predecessors of years ago. There is much 
desirable material among them still ; but the new- 
comers from many of the countries above-named, 
are largely poverty-stricken, illiterate, godless, 
discontented, vicious, or even criminal. The 
element thus added to the nation is becoming 
every day more and more undesirable, and more 
and more hard to manage and assimilate. 

All this intensifies unutterably the need and 
call for more strenuous efforts and more liberal 
gifts to widen, and press the work of home 
evangelization. There could be no more con- 
vincing home mission appeal than the sight of 
one of these disembarking shiploads from 
Bohemia, or Hungary, or Italy, or Russia. 



NOTES ON KANSAS. 

B. B. FLEMING, D. D., 8. M. 

The work in Kansas, on the whole, is in better 
shape this year than it has been for the last three 
years. More vacancies are permanently sup- 
plied, and with the help of our two pastors at 
large we are able to give most of the smaller 
churches an occasional supply. The work is in 
a very satisfactory condition. 



We note with sadness the death of Kev. J. S. 
Atkinson, our missionary in Ghtiham County. 
He came to the bracing climate of north- 
west Kansas on account of his health some three 
and one-half years ago, and rallied so rapidly 
that he was able to begin missionary work at 
HiJ] City and other points in Graham County. 
He was a faithful laborer, and did much to 
strengthen our cause. 

The church at Harper, which was destroyed in 
a cyclone, the evening of May 27, 1892, had a 
glad and happy Christmas Day. Through the 
kindly assistance of friends from abroad and the 
self-denial of their own people they were able to 
dedicate a neat, new church free of debt. To 
the present supply of the church. Rev. C. C. 
Hoffmeister, is largely due the success of this 
movement. He not only manifested a spirit of 
true courage and itrang faith when all others 
were disposed " to give up all as lost," but went 
out among the churches and made such appeals 



for help that soon he could see his way clear to 
" go forward." Being a practical architect him- 
self, he wrought out ** plans and specifications" 
and assumed the superintendency of the build" 
ing, and did his work so well that to day we 
have as neat and commodious a church building 
—all complete — for $1,750 as I know of any- 
where, saving just $750 to the church. 

This building could not be duplicated for less 
than $2,500 anywhere in all the West. 

The Synodical Missionary preached the dedi- 
catory sermon and raised $110 to bring up a few 
deficits Jn the way of bills and to insure the 
building against fire and cyclone. , 

The congregation gave a Christmas present 
of about $25 to their pastor as a small token 
of appreciation for what he had done for 
them. 



A church of 49 members was organized in 
Oakland, a suburb of Topeka, on Oct. 16 by a 
committee of Topeka Presbytery. Rev. H. S. 
Childs takes charge of this and Bethel churches. 

Arkansas City has called Rev. D. H. Stewart 
of El Dorado to become the pastor of that 
church at a salary of $1,200. He will accept 
the call and enter upon his toark the first of the 
year. Several points are agitating the question 
of church organization and necessity will com- 
pel us, soon, to move in this direction. 



NATIVES OP ALASKA CONTRIBUTORS 
FOR HOME MISSIONS. 

During the visit of the treasurer and other 
representatives of the Board to Sitka, after the 
last Assembly, some native women, members for 
years of the native church at Sitka, brought 
them a number of baskets, of their own make, as 
their contribution to Home Missions. The sale 
of these baskets is now reported by the treas- 
urer as having realized $19, which will be duly 
credited to the Sitka church. 

Nothing can be more significant and touching 
as an evidence of genuine religion and Christian 
principle and character, than such a generous 
and self-denying gift from these sisters in the 
Lord in far-off Alaska. The native church there 
is under the pastoral care of Rev. A. E. Austin, 
and reports 838 communicants. Their Christian 
character and conduct are favorably spoken of ; 
and this voluntary gift to Home Missions mani- 
fests a growth in the grace of giving much 
beyond that of many of our churches in more 
favorable surroundings. 



122 



7ioo Heroes of the Dakota Mission. 



[February^ 



Concert of (J)r4jet 
iot C^uxc^ ^otil At l^onte 



JANUARY, .... The New West. 

FEBRUARY, .... The Indiane. 

MARCH, .... The Older States. 

APRIL, The Cities. 

MAY, ..... The Mormoni. 

JUNB, Our Mieiionaries. 

JULY, Results of the Year. 

AUGUST, . Romajiists and Foreigners. 

8BPTEMBBR, .... The OuUook. 
OCTOBER, .... The Treasury. 

NOVBMBBR, The Mexicans. 

DBCBMBBR, .... The South. 



TWO HEROES OP THE DAKOTA 

MISSION. 

REV. J. R. WILLIAMSON. 
[Froin the Word Carrier.] 

During the year 1891 two men, notable in 
the annals of the Dakota Mission, passed, 
hoary with the frosts of time, quietly across 
the narrow stream that separated them from 
their heavenly home. They were Rey. 
Samuel W. Pond, who died at Shakopee, 
Minn., December 12, 1891, and Simon Ana- 
wangmani, who died at Sisseton Agency, S. 
D., July 20, 1891. Mr. Pond was born in 
1808 in an enlightened New England home. 
Anawangmani was probable bom the same 
year, but far away on the banks of the Min- 
nesota in a lowly Indian teepee. Alike in 
early manhood they gave themselves to 
Christ, and devotion to him became their 
strongest passion, and led them ahead of 
their times to take these first steps in danger 
which shows the proud heart. Rev. Samuel 
Pond was the first man to bring the Gospel 
to the Dakotas, and Simon Anawangmani 
was the first full Indian man to profess Christ. 
The Dakota Mission and Dakota Christians 
should ever remember these brave men in 
whose footsteps they have trod. 

It was in May, 1834, nearly 58 years ago, 
that Mr. Samuel Pond, with his brother Gid- 
eon, appeared at Fort Snelling in the office of 
Major Taliferro, who was the first and so far 
the only Agent for the Dakota Indians, and 
informed him that they had come to teach 



the Dakotas. He stopped not to confer with 
flesh and blood, he asked no missionary 
society for a commission, he stopped to 
pursue no classical or theological course, but 
taking with him his younger brother he went 
— Bible in one hand and an ax in the other, 
to be the Lord^s missionary. He was soon 
building his log-cabin on the shores of Lake 
Calhoun, now in the suburbs of Minneapolis. 

The language was the first great citadel 
to be stormed, and with his brother he made 
it a systematic study. He found no books 
to help him. Sometime before him a military 
officer or trader had undertaken to jot down 
some Dakota words, but between their un- 
trained ears, and the European notations 
they used, no one could reproduce the words 
from their writings unless they already knew 
the language. Mr. Pond discovering this, dis- 
carded their notations and struck out for a 
phonetic representation. A character for 
every sound, and only one sound to a char- 
acter was his rule. By one who knew the 
language, a reduction with this rule might 
have speedily been made. But with so 
many strange sounds, grunts and clicks it 
was slow and delicate work. However be- 
fore the end of a year he had the satisfaction 
of teaching one young man so that he could 
read and write his own language. 

It was however some years later before the 
Dakota alphabet as we now use it was en- 
tirely settled, and in the meantime the mis- 
sionaries T. S. Williamson, S. R. Riggs and 
others had arrived to take a hand in the 
superstructure. But Mr. Pond studied out 
the plan, as I understand, and laid the found- 
ations of the present system of writing the 
Dakota language, so that it may justly be 
called the Pond notation. Mr. Pond pre- 
pared the first primer printed in the Dakota 
language and some of the first translation of 
Scripture. 

Mr. Pond^s zeal and devotion led him not 
only to build his cabin in a wild Indian vil- 
lage, but also join with the Indians in their 
hunts, sharing their teepee, their wild food, 
their pangs of hunger and the dangers of war. 
This was an outing for the teacher instead of 
the pupil, and under many circumstances is 
more practical for the improvement of the 



1893.] 



The Last of Her Mace. 



123 



Indians than the so-called Capt. Pratt^s outing 
system. 

Mr. Pond labored 18 years among different 
bands of the Sioux, but principally among 
the Lake Calhoun and Shakopee bands. 
Owing to the Treaty of 1851 the Sioux re- 
moved in 1862 to the Redwood Reservations, 
and Mr. Pond then turned his attention to 
the incoming whites. He gathered the church 
at Shakopee which he supplied till 1866. He 
died in the house near Shakopee in which he 
had lived for 44 years, the lumber for which 
he hauled on the ice from the St. Croix, and 
in which the writer, then a boy, lent a help- 
ing hand. 

It may comfort some of our straitened mis- 
sionaries now to know that the average salary 
of a missionary in those days was $300 a year, 
and this was the most that Mr. Pond ever 
received. Mr. Pond was ordained by a Con- 
gregational Council in his native state March 
4, 1837. When the Dakota Presbytery was 
organized in 1844, he became one of the or- 
ganic members, and his ministerial connec- 
tion was thereafter with the Presbyterian 
Church. 

Of the early Dakota converts Simon Ana- 
wangmani is in many ways the most promi- 
nent character. Old Joseph Renville, the 
half breed trader and his family became Chris- 
tians before him, but that made no break 
in heathenism. Some heathen women too 
had been converted like good old Catharine, 
and she was a hero. But Anawangmani was 
the Indian man converted. He was not the 
first Indian that learned to read, nor was he 
a bright scholar when he was taught by Dr. 
T. S. Williamson at Lac qui Parle. But he 
did learn to read, and held on to what he 
learned. There has been a great deal writ- 
ten about Indian bravery. The truth is, 
Indians like other people are some brave and 
some cowards. There was no doubt about 
Anawangmani^s bravery. As an Indian war- 
rior in his youth he attained to the distinc- 
tion of First Brave. That was his first vic- 
tory. Then at Lac qui Parle after several 
years of study he accepted the Christian faith, 
and on February 21, 1841, made public pro- 
fession of his faith. And then came the battle. 
Instead of the most honorable place which he 



had held in his nation, he was now cast out 
with the dogs. Even the women and chil- 
dren sneered at him. Even his wife deserted 
him under most vexatious circumstances. But 
none of these things moved him. He set up 
his teepee with his own hands, took care of 
the deserted baby and dug up his garden by 
turns, and then read the Bible and prayed to 
God every night. But Simon Anawangmani 
will be remembered for what he did in another 
line. Before the massacre of 1862 Anawang- 
mani was living like a white man on a well- 
fenced farm, in a comfortable house, close 
to Dr. S. R. Riggs^ church, of which he was 
a ruling elder. August 19, 1862, the news 
of the terrible butchery of that morning 
reached his ears. Soon the missionaries and 
their families were fleeing, for whom he did 
what he could. The Hostiles were galloping 
everywhere driving all the Indians into the 
war-camp. Against the entreaty of his friends 
he heeded them not. The Hostile camp was 
now on the edge of his farm. A poor captive 
white woman, hearing him at evening wor- 
ship, came secretly and besought him to save 
her. He believed that was his work. By 
night he took her and her children safely 
through the hostile lines and stopped not 
till he had them over fifty miles away in the 
Camp at Fort Ridgely. There he entered 
the service under Gen. Sibley with whom he 
remained through the Indian war, perform- 
ing dangerous and valuable service. This 
was his third victory, and one for which he 
will live in the memory of the good citizens 
of Minnesota. He was a lay commissioner 
to the General Assembly that met in Minnea- 
polis, and those who attended the Missionary 
Meeting will remember his meek appearance 
as he was called to the platform to receive 
the honors of the meeting. 



THE LAST OF HER RACE. 

Old Jennie, the last representative of the 
famous Rogue River Indians, now living in 
this country and quite advanced in years, is 
making a burial robe, after the custom of the 
distinguished members of the tribe, in which 
to be laid away when the summons shall 
come and she shall pass to the happy hunting- 



124 Indians and the Indian Problem. [FAruary^ 

grounds, where the white man is not and fire INDIANS AND THE INDIAN PROBLEM, 

water is unknown. The groundwork is of bbv. john h. aughey. 

fine buckskin and is superbly decorated with Th^ total number of Indians in the United 

the various kinds of money used by the tribe States exclusive of AUifika.is . 344,704 

for generations past, and richly ornamented On reservations or at schools under control 

in a pleasing and skillful manner, with jewels, ^' ^"^ ^^^ ^®^» °^* *^^: , . ' * ^^'^ 

ui^ V J J i.1. 1 i!i J J Indians inddentaUy under the Indian office 

pebbles, beads, and other valuables used and ^^ Belf-supportlng, are as f oUows in the 

admired by the tribe in the past. The robe, Indian Territory: 

when completed, will weigh fully fifty pounds, Cherokeee 25,357 

and as a relic or reminder of the peculiar Chickasaws 3,4«4 

Ohoctaws 9 ^^ 

customs and practices of a nation of people c ks s'291 

now practically blotted from existence, is Seminoles 8,589 

most valuable, and should be preserved. imz 

w^i. .1.. ^ X., . . \x Total Indians 60,657 

With this commendable purpose m view, Mrs. ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ I^^an blood living 

Bowena Nichols, who has been employed by with and members of the above tribes . 14,247 

the World^s Fair Committee to paint the The total Indian and Negro popolation of 

Table Rocks, has procured a number of th» five civilized tribes is therefore . . 64,904 

, . , . ., . . . .. 1^' J. J 111 Pueblos of New Mexico .... 8,27o 

Sketches of this mterestmg subject and will ^^ ^^^^ ^^ g^ j^^ ^, j^^^ York . 6,«04 

paint a life-size picture of old Jennie, wrapped Eastern Cherokees of N. C. . . 2,885 

in her gorgeous* cerements, and thus happily Indians, 98 per cent, of whom are not on 

preserve a sacred custom about to pass forever reservations, taxed and self-sustaining 

into obUvion. Old Jennie was bom and counted in general population . . . 32,M7 

. /TV . .J^7.^ ; , , . Apaches at Mt. Vernon Barracks as prisoners 884 

raised at the foot of Table Rocks, and durmg Indians in state or territorial priscms . 184 

the wars was once captured by the whites, Total 114,470 

and later rescued by her people. She lives Those on reservations or at school as above 130,284 

about a mile and a half from Jacksonville, '^^]J^^^^ ^ ^"^^ ^^^ exclusive of ^ ^^ 

up Jackson Creek, and to hear her tell, in ^^^^^ i^^^ ^stiniated* .*.'.*. 87',000 

that peculiar and impressive Indian style, the ^ 

griov^ outrages Jd namele» w«.i 'pe. I'T^, .^^ ^^'^^^ ^^ "^''^ 

petrateduponherpeople, and their consequent ^ions in the Indian Territory . . . 107,987 

annihilation from the face of the earth, would In Cherokee Nation 27,176 

touch the stoutest heart with sympathy, and In Chickasaw Nation 49,444 

almost make one wish he could face again the In Choctaw Nation 27,990 

In Semmole Nation vo 

brawny braves who fought and died for this j^ ^reek Nation 8,381 

fair heritage, and for which sad fate old , ., ^ 

T ., 1. _x i. • x.-^j, -1 rm.- Total whites on the reservations of the five 

Jenme's heart goes out m bitter wails. This nations-Indian Territory .... 107,987 

painting will be a valuable object lesson as ^^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^^^^ occupied by the Indians 

indicating the fast fleeting cycles of time, jg 116,000,000 acres, or 182,250 square miles, 

and the rapid mutations of human customs gy f^y the greater portion of this vast domain, 

and usages, and will serve as a most fitting which is much greater in extent than Qreat 

companion piece to the Table Bocks, where Britain and Ireland, has been lying idle, a bar 

Jennie was bom and grew up, chiefiy on war- to the progress of civilization, and no benefit to 

whoops and camas, clad only in the free raw the Indians. A comparison of figures shows 

material of innocence and a copper com- ^^^^ ^^^^^ *^« ^<*^*° population of the United 

plexion, happy in her native simplicity and States not including Alaska is but little more 

^T * 11 • X « ji • •!• *• than that of the District of Columbia and less by 

blissfully Ignorant of modem civilization. — , , ,i. *v *u * • %. *%. * 

•77 'TV nearly one-half than that given by the recent 

Jacksonville Times, ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^.^^ ^^ Baltimore, they occupy an 

area of country greater than the combined area 

of the New England and Middle States. In the 

Those days are lost in which we do no good ; Chickasaw Nation there is land enough to give 

those worse than lost in which we do evil. every man woman and child 1,200 acres, and yet 



1898.] 



Indians and the Indian Problem. 



125 



the mogt of this magnificent domain is a wilder- 
neas. In the Indian Territory nearly all the land 
that is cultivated has heen monopolized by 
' 'squaw men " who rent it to tenants. Squaw men 
are white men who marry Indian women, and thus 
secure head rights in the nation which carries 
with it the privilege of claimhig all the land 
they can fence and cultivate. Mr. Murray of 
Erin Springs has enclosed and cultivated 20,000 
acres. His tenants are numbered by the hun- 
dred. The fullbloods are pauperized and become 
more wretched every year. The f uUblood is the 
victim of the unscrupulous trader and the 
baronial squaw man. His contact with the 
white man only demoralizes him as it is with the 
▼ery worst class that he comes in contact. He 
is in a pitiable condition whose only remedy is 
through allotment Were he to hold his share 
of the domain in fee simple, his enfranchisement 
would be complete. 

The enactment of a law to vest in the indi- 
vidual, and not in the tribe, the title to the land 
in the reservations is resisted by the squaw-men 
with great bitterness. The United States 
€k)vemment is moving in this matter, and allot- 
ment and Statehood will come, and that right 
speedily. The Government has the right of 
eminent domain, which is paramount to any 
rights granted by treaty, and should the rights of 
any be infringed, it is the duty of the Qovem- 
ment to interfere in behalf of the oppressed. 
When the Aborigines procured a livelihood by 
hunting and fishing, tribal proprietorship or a 
community of interest in the reservations wrought 
no harm. Ko w the buffalo and deer and bear are 
practically extinct While this large game 
abounded, the Indian knew no want He 
delighted hi the chase, and by this attractive 
pursuit he could supply his squaws and papooses 
with food, and with comfortable tepees whose 
coverings of skins and beds of skins skill- 
fully tanned and dressed ajQforded a far more 
comfortable home than the shack or dugout 
or hut of the pioneer white man. Now the 
game has disappeared from the forest and 
the Indian occupation is gone. He must 
adopt the manners and customs of civilized life. 
He must fence and cultivate the land as does his 
white brother or he is doomed to extinction. 
The full blood, with savage instinct, tenaciously 
clhigs to his Aboriginal mode of life. He will 
not work as does the white man. He will perish 
by preference. Land Is of no value to him, 
much less a superabundance of it when it is 
destitute of game. 
What is the solution of the problem? Must 



the Indian perish? Must the present method of 
dealing with him prevail till the red man disap- 
pears like the buffalo ;from his native forest? 
There is no necessity for this. A course should 
be adopted which the squaw-men and Indian 
traders will most strenuously oppose. Let the 
land be allotted and each Indian hold his allot- 
ment in fee simple and inalienable for 30 years. 
Let the surplus laod be sold for the benefit of 
the Indians, and held in trust by the Government 
for the benefit of these wards of the Nation. 
Let industrial and training schools be established 
in the midst of the Indian populations where 
their children can be taught the sciences and 
arts of civilized life — taught industrious habits 
and moral and religious principles. Let this be 
done and the next generation will prove the wis- 
dom and humanity of this course. The full 
blood will be no longer the red savage that he is, 
defraXided by the unprincipled squaw-man and 
trader, and oppressed beyond measure by the 
magnates — ^the oflScers of his own tribe, who for 
the major part are only Indians by remote 
afi^ity. The United States can at once relieve 
the fuUblood of his disabilities and oppression 
through right of eminent domain. Power is 
vested in the President of the United States by 
act of Congress to make allotments of lands to 
Indians. This is the act: " The President may 
in his discretion have any Indian reservation sur- 
veyed or resurveyed, and the lands of such res- 
ervation allotted in severalty to any Indians 
located thereon. The size of the allotments 
shall be to each head of a family one quarter 
section (160 acres) of land; to each single person 
over 18 years of age, and to each orphan under 
18 years of age one-eighth of a section. ** After 
lands have been allotted to all Indians of a tribe, 
or sooner if the President thinks best, the Secre- 
tary of the Interior may negotiate with that 
tribe for the sale of any of their unallotted lands, 
such negotiation to be ratified by Congress. At 
the breaking out of the rebellion the five civi- 
lized tribes (so called) espoused the cause of 
secession and thus forfeited their treaty rights. 
These were restored after the war with certain 
modifications. Some years ago the five nations 
scarcely regarded themselves as integral parts of 
the United States, and were very jealous of 
tribal autonomy. The missionaries sent by our 
Church were classed among foreign missionaries. 
This, anomalous condition should terminate. 
Our Church is doing a noble work among the 
five nations, a description of which I will give 
in the near future. Its wide reaching influence 
and permanent results cannot be exaggerated. 



126 



Letters — Indian 7erritary. 



{Februari/j 



i^tiittt. 



INDIAN TERRITORY. 

Rby. W. L. Millbr, Segeeyah: — I held a pro- 
tracted meeting at Lenapah, which promised 
mueh, and I rejoice in the clear conversion of 
several. At this place I hope to be able to or- 
ganize a church. I did not receive any into the 
church, as I thought it best to wait until I 
could see more clearly whether there was reason- 
able prospect of permanency. 

At Talalah people are engaged in building a 
school house. I have been preaching in the 
hotel. The hotel changed hands, and I had to 
suspend my labors there until the school house is 
completed. 

At Oologah there is a subscription circulated 
for building a church house (Presbyterian). We 
have several members here ready to form a 
church. 

At Sageeyah ,the congregations are better 
than at any other point. I started a Sabbath- 
School at Lenapah, which has done well. I fear, 
however, that the school will have to be sus- 
pended during the cold months. 

The Sabbath -School and Christian Endeavor 
Societies at Segeeyah are doing good work. 

Society in my wide field is in a chaotic state. 
Thousands of white men have come in with 
their families and leased lands from the Oherokees 
for from five to twenty years. These leases are 
contrary to the Cherokee law, but the Muskogee 
U. S. court has decided that the Cherokee Na- 
tion has allowed the leases so long that they will 
require the Cherokee citizen to indemnify the 
"lessee," before they will put the "lessor" in 
possession. This has been accepted pro tempore 
by the Cherokees, and thousands of acres of 
land have been leased by white men, and fenced 
and sown in wheat. 

But there is a sense of insecurity ; if Congress 
assents to the demands of the Cherokee Nation 
that Cherokee courts shall have exclusive right 
to decide who are "intruders," the white men 
who have opened farms will lose all they have 



invested in improvements. I regret to say that 
while few of the Cherokees will work them- 
selves, they think all they can make out of a 
white man legitimate. The great mass of the 
people are ignorant. They are under the con- 
trol of corrupt leaders. 

This sense of insecurity gives a feeling of des- 
peration to many white men who leased, being 
advised by Cherokees that they would be 
secure. 

At the close of the war the United States com- 
pelled the Cherokees to adopt as citizens their 
former slaves, and are now forcing the Chero- 
kees to give these equal rights in the land and 
invested money. The Cherokees say this is op- 
pression. The United States did not deal thus 
with the white rebels of the South ; the slaves of 
white men were made citizens, but no confisca- 
tion of land or money for their benefit was in- 
flicted. 

Then there is a large class of lawless men like 
the "Daltons," who infest the territory. The 
night of the day on which the "Daltons " made 
their raid on the Coffey ville bank, my son was 
knocked down at his own gate and left for dead. 
He was robbed and no trace of the robbers was 
left. 

Wheat is the main reliance of the people in 
my field. The price has been so low' that the 
farmers are greatly crippled. 

I have given you the dark side of the picture ; 
there is a bright side. First, this state of chaos 
cannot last long. The white man is in this 
country, and he is here to stay. Soon the entire 
country will be settled and the Cherokees will 
not make one-twentieth of the population. Here 
and there are excellent Christian families. Their 
influence will prevail, and churches and schools 
will flourish. 

1 am the only Presbyterian minister in all the 
region north of the Frisco railway, from Osage 
Nation to near Yinita, a region 50x50 miles, and 
the best part of the Cherokee Nation. 

We must hold on to all we have here and 
gather in others as they come. With God's 
blessing this region will yet be dotted with Pres- 
byterian churches. 



1898.] 



Kansas — Utah. 



127 



KANSAS. 

Rbv. H. C. Bradburt, Lincoln: — HLj people 
are full of enthusiaain. Thej keep up their 
Sabbath-school well^ and we are paying for our 
parsonage verj nlcelj. We bought eight more 
lots this week for $50. They are next to the 
church and parsonage, and are in the center of 
the town. We want them for a park and wagon 
sheds. 

At LucAB we have bought four lots in the very 
center of the town. 

At Shiloh they have a very fine Sabbath- 
school of sixty, with the Westminster les- 
son leaves. I have preached there once a 
month lately, and also at Fairview, where they 
have a very small Sabbath-school. Elder Lott 
helps me some at these stations. 

Habmokt Church is formed of three stations — 
Harmony, Paris. and'Surprise, with three good 
Sabbath- schools and one Christian Endeavor 
Society. They are very good to support the 
minister, though they are poor. 

Babsard and Milo go together. Five lately 
joined the church, who had been members 
before but needed repairs. Milo wants some 
place in town where to hold meetings. We 
are circulating a subscription and I think they 
will make it with some outside help. Spiritual- 
ists and all take an interest in it. We have a 
grand man there to run the Sabbath-school. 

Bro. Arthur, of Lincoln, this summer took 
Pleasant Valley off my hands. Spring Valley 
is made up like Pleasant Valley of foreigners 
mixed with Americans. They' come out very 
well. 

Bashak Church has had poor feed, no Sabbath- 
school lately, and little preaching. Ill go and 
try to stir them up. 

Bro. May, our Sabbath-school missionary is a 
great help to me on my big field. 



baby brother this morning. How they can keep 
the littlft one alive is a mystery. 

Ask these people to come to church and their 
reply is: "Wo are not fit to come." The "fit" 
has reference to their clothing. If they have 
"Sunday clothes" they are stored away in boxes 
in the bottom of the wagon. 

The "boomers" are not all poor, however. 
Many of them can rent' our best houses, or board 
at our hotels. They have money and expect to 
add to their wealth by the opening of the new 
country. 

It is almost impossible to reach these people 
till they become settled. It is a serious problem 
to me what can be done for these people. There 
is a Presbyterian Church at Anthony — 25 miles 
west. There is one at Arkansas City, 85 miles 
east — ^with no pastor. Dividing the distance it 
leaves 30 miles of frontier for me to look after. 
And that means 25,000 or 80,000 people— or it 
may be twice that number. The clans are 
already gathered. The Strip will most likely 
open in the Spring. We ought to be ready to go 
in with the people. Other denominations are 
preparing. The new cities in the northern half 
of the Strip will naturally look to Kansas for 
ministerial help. Caldwell is on the border of 
the cream of the new land. Being in the very 
midst of boomerdom, therefore, I am naturally 
interested. 

The soldiers have just burned the grass off the 
Strip, making it look like a great black desert. 
They resorted to this as a final means of getting 
the cattle off. There is scarcely a living thing 
on it now. Even the prairie chickens have 
come up into Kansas, thus furnishing meat for 
your home missionary, who has a gun. 



Ret. J. A. Oolevee, CaldioeU: — ^There are 
many people here who are waiting for the open- 
ing of the Cheboeeb Strip. Many of them are 
very poor. They live some in covered wagons, 
some in tents, some over bams. A boy of one 
famfly was just in to say that he had a new 



UTAH. 
Rev. Theodore Lee, Spanish Fork: — One 
Sabbath a full Sabbath-school and a well at- 
tended church service make us feel that things 
are indeed changing; without any apparent 
cause the next Sabbath may find us with dimin- 
ished school and almost empty pews. Last 
Sabbath we had about as many Sabbath-school 
scholars as we could take care of. In the even- 



128 



Minnesota — New Mexico 



l^February, 



ing a young man who has recently given his 
heart to Jesus, led the Christian Endeavor meet- 
ing for the first time, and he did well. He U the 
only Christian young man of my knowledge in this 
tricked city of three thousand souls. He was sur- 
rounded by those who knew his past life and 
have been witnesses of the change. A year ago 
he was about to enter a saloon as barkeeper; this 
week he entered Hungerford Academy as a 
Christian student. 

The work in Spanish Fork seems more encour- 
aging than at any time since my acquaintance 
with the field, and I have preached here nearly 
every Sabbath for nearly five years. Ten per- 
sons are ready to unite in the organization of a 
church as soon as the way is open. 

Things are changing in Utah, The old members 
of the Mormon Church who have held sway so 
long are losing their grip. The young men who 
are growing up will not bear their rule much 
longer. The division on party lines has come to 
stay. I doubt whether the leaders saw the end 
when they allowed the division, but the prospect 
is that it will cleave the Mormon Church. No 
such campaign was ever before witnessed in 
Utah. The political pot has boiled and boiled. 
It has been a blessing to Utah. In Spanish 
Pork, I notice that most of the "old timers" be- 
long to one party while the other is made up of 
young men, young men of enterprise who will 
not bear the yoke much longer. May God 
hasten the day. 

MINNESOTA. 

Rbv. J. H. Meter, Scandinavian work, Min- 
neapolis:— y^e have organized a church of 
twelve members, which now belongs to the Min- 
neapolis Presbytery, and has called its own pas- 
tor. A mission has also been begun in the N. E. 
part of Minneapolis, which is now under the 
care of this church. The Sabbath-school scholars 
in the Church and mission number together 
about fifty-eight. So the work in Minneapolis 
looks very bright. 

In St. Paul we also have been trying to work 
up a mission, but as yet we have not the man or 
the means. The Norwegian and Danish popula- 



tion in the Twin Cities number at the very least 
fifty thousand, and surely we must have a part 
in that work. 

In Duluth we have at last been successful in 
organizing a Norwegian — Danish Church, which 
looks forward with a great deal of hope to a 
prosperous work in that rapidly growing dty. 
We have placed an earnest missionary in that 
field. Many other places could also be opened 
had we the time and money. Earnest appeals 
come to us to help with missions. 

I have also published and edited our little 
paper, the Free Church Messenger (Frikirkens 
Budbcerer), which has met with a great deal of 
approval and sympathy, in spite of obstacles, 
and in our judgment is doing the work of six 
missionaries. 

We feel thankful to Gk)d for the growth of a 
work which began in Norway about fifteen 
years ago with a little company of fourteen per- 
sons, and to-day numbers twenty -three thousand 
members, about twenty -five mission houses and 
some thirty preachers of the QospeL Surely we 
ought to have a place in the work of this coun- 
try where so large a portion of our people come. 
We hope therefore to have the help and sympa- 
thy of our stronger brethren, the American 
Presbyterian Church, which is the same in 
polity as our beloved Norwegian Free Church. 



NEW MEXICO. 

Rev. Hugh J. Fukneaux, La Plata, — The 
attendance, particularly of the Mormon portion 
of the community, has been very encouraging at 
Fruitland, but at the other stations not so full as 
during last quarter. The ranchmen and their 
families have been busy gathering fruit and 
hauling it to market in Durango, a distance of 
thirty-five to fifty-five miles. Then the grain 
crops had to be harvested and hauled to market. 
Sunday and Monday, day and night, wagons 
have been traveling over the three roads that 
lead to Durango. 

Now that the people are beginning to rest from 
their labors, I expect the interest to revive in 
regard to public services. I am now preparing 
for a special effort to bring bou}s to Christ, and 



1893.] 



Manti and Sphraim, Utah. 



129 



to organize two churches in La Plata and Fruit- 
land. There are over forty families in La Plata 
portion of field, and about twenty-five in Lower 
San Juan. No church organization at either 
pldce except a " stake " of Latter Day Saints at 
Fruitland. I have left the parsonage, which 
is seventeen miles from this part of La Plata, 
and am living in a *'dug out." Yesterday I 
dug a hole in the wall, then went outside and 
sunk a shaft until I struck the hole, and the 
combination gave me a fire-place and chimney. 
To-day I filled up holes in the roof with bark of 
the cedar tree, and to-night I am toasting my 
shins at a cedar wood fire, and writing. 

I have systematically given away a number of 
Bibles and Testaments to young people, also a 
large quantity of back numbers of our Sabbath- 
school papers, also a number of Westminster 
Paper Series. I must have my stock renewed, as 
during the winter months the young people will 
have time to read. 

Towards my support, since May, I have 
received five dollars from the people, a fifty 
pound sack of beans, and the promise of twenty- 
five pounds of potatoes, but I hope to do better 
than that before the end of December. 



MANTI AND EPHRAIM, UTAH. 

Rbv. Geo. W. Mabtin: — A bdght girl of six- 
teen, of Norwegian parentage, who has grown 
up in our school, recently made a good confession 
of faith, her conversion having taken place some 
months ago. She has entered the Salt Lake 
Collegiate Institute, working in Superintendent 
Caskey's home, to pay her way. At Manti six 
adults have been received into church member- 
ship ; four of them on confession. Two of 
these liave been in our school. Another of our 
members, a young man, has gone East and entered 
school for a course at Oxford, Pa. 

The Manti day school had a good program on 
Columbus Day, at the same time dedicating a 
beautiful school fiag, 10x18 feet in size; the 
pupils had raised $25 00 toward the enterprise ; 
the pole and all costing $40 00. In the afternoon 
our school joined in the citizens' patriotic meet- 
ing at the Mormon Tab^m^cle, 



Mrs. Martin and I, attended the Mills meetings 
nearly a week at Salt Lake City, a privilege 
long to be remembered ; pentecostal preaching. 
In the after-meetings I met two men with whom 
I had had conversation on the great subject, 
year ago, in distant settlements. One was now 
an active Christian, and a soldier at Fort Doug- 
las; the other took a stand for the Christian life 
in the meetings. 

RESCUED FROM POLYGAMY. 

In our field one woman was recently received ; 
reared a Lutheran, for years a Mormon, the 
third or fourth wife of an elder, but latterly an 
apostate, and "divorced," taking her maiden 
name, though having grown children ; she became 
interested two years ago, but did not settle the 
question then. " Nothing is too hard for Thee, 
O Jehovah ! " 

The political canvass opened between the 
Democrats and Republicans early in Summer, 
much after the manner in other parts of the 
United States. But ere long, tiring of national 
issues, the leaders made strong efforts to win 
voters on lines of prejudice, arguing that Mor- 
mons should vote so and so because the prophet, 
Jos. Smith, was so and so. And the fun of it 
was, that both parties were right; both had had 
him I Then the canvass was a scramble, amus- 
ing to an American, but finally disgustingly 
painful. Utah is not ready for statehood. 



Ret. John McCoy, stated clerk of Aberdeen 
Presbytery and late missionary at EUendale, N. 
D., on leaving this field for another, writes in a 
very pleasant way as follows: 

In leaving the service of the Board, under 
which all my ministerial work has been done, I 
wish to express my grateful appreciation of the 
many favors shown and the unvarying kindness 
accorded me. I haven't done much for the 
Board, but I have acquired a large stock of 
home mission enthusiasm to take to my new 
field of labor, where I trust to be able to serve 
our Home Board better than ou the home 

field. 



130 



HoTne Mission Appointments for December j 189S. 



[February^ 



HOME MISSION APPOINTMENTS 
FOR DECEMBER, 1892. 



J. W. Flan, South Framingham, 

Thos. A. Reevea, WooD80cket» 

8. Dodd, Stephentown, 

A. Dracas, Oorinth, 

D. N. Qnimmon, Ross Memorial, 

C. C. Cook. HUladale, 

O. C. Barnes, Huevelton, 

G. Le Fevre, Ancram Lead Mines, 

P. A. Schwarz, Melville, 

S. B. Warrender, Ot^^o, 

H. A. Hall, Helena, 

T. S. Day, CamiUus, 

Q. Qozzelino, Bagor, Audenrled Italians, 

A. B. Lowes, Presbyterial Missionary, 

T. O. Potter, Crescent City, 

J. K. Wight, Qreen Cove Springs, 

8. O. Faris, Starke, 

G. 8. Rice, Sorrento and Seneca. 

N. Bachman, Synodical Evangelist, 

J. P. McMillan. Park Place of Chattanooga, 

C. F. Brause, Ft. Cheatham of Chattanooga, 
W. A. Errin, Kismet and Wartburg, 

R. B. Irwin, Grassy Cove and Piney Falls, 

D. McDonald, Synodical Missionary, 
L N. Erwin, Dayton, 

H. M. Walker, Marseilles, 

A. Schafer, Leipsic, 

O. W Wallace, Pres. Missionary, 

A. N. Smith, Brink Haven, 

E. L.. Anderson, Chicago, 

C. K. Smoyer, Ph. D , Elmore and Genoa, 

G. E. Wilson, Clyde, 

H. B. Douglass, Ooloonda, 

G. B. Blake, Earlville, 



Mass. 

R.L 

N.Y. 



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Pa. 

W. Va. 

Fla. 
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Ky. 



H. Hanson, Oquawka, 
J. Swlndt, Milan, 



T. D. Bartholomew, Corunna, 
T. A. Soott, Port Huron, 

A. P. Grigsby, Hastings, 
J. P. MUls, Gladstone, 

R. L. Williams, Au Sable and Oscoda, 

E. F. Smith, Black River, Caledonia and Alcona, 

G. W. Borden, Gladwin and Beavertown, 

B. Hunter, Tajrmouth, 
J. W. Winder, Galesville, 

W. J. Turner, Horicon, Mayville and stations, 
W. J. Miter, Crandon, 

C. Eckhof , Alto, German, 
8. Riderus, Cato, 

S. E. Very, Stiles and Little River, 

C. A. Adams. Packwaukee and Buffalo, 

J. Bren, Racine, Bohemian, 

J. Blauw. Duluth, Norwegian, 

W. H. Ware, Brainard, 

T. A. Ambler, Two Harbors, 

C. Slack, St. James, 

D. P. Grosscup, Beaver Creek and Rushmore, 
A. W. Benson, Minneapolis, Bethany, 

L. Wldeman, Minneapolis, Scandinavian, 

D. E. Evans, Minneapolis, House of Faith, 
L. P. Paulsen, Minneapolis, Norwegian, 

J. H. Meyer, Scandinavian, 

J. Godward, Ashley, Evansville and Elbow Lake, 

A. H. Hollo wav, Scotland and Sabin, 

G. Johnson, Western, 

M. R. Myers, Royalton and stations. 

J. B. Freeman, St. Paul, Arlington Hills, 

W. A. Hutchison, St. Paul, Westminster, 

J. D. Todd, Oronoco and Chester, 

W. T. Gibson. Milnor and station, 

C. D. McDonald, Grafton. 

8. Andrews, Hunter and Blanchard, 

W. C. Whisnand, Colgate and station, 

R. J. Creewell, Inkster, Elkmont and Conway, 

Thos. Wylle, Minot and station, 

J. Mordy, Hoople. Crystal and Canton, 

A. Armstrong, Gilby and station, 

Z. F. Blakely, Beulah aud Howell, 

E. L. Dresser, Flandreau and House of Hope. 
W. J. Fraser, Coleman, Wentworth and Bethel, 
W. J. Hill, Rose HiU and Hitchcock, 

F. W. Stump, Forestburg and Artesian, 
W. O. Rogers. Wood Lake, 

G. A. White, Hurley, 

J. B. McBride, Wheatland, 

8. H. Noel, Hazleton & Oelwein, 

J. tf. Wlgghis, HumestoD and Derby, 



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J. 8. Cronsas, Medora, Iowa. 

A. G. Martin. Pastor at Large, ** 
D. W. Bosenkrans, Blackbird, ScottvlUe and 

Apple Creek, Neb. 
R. H. Fulton, Gordon and Clinton, ** 

L. Mclntyre. Morrison, Iowa. 

N. McLeod, Dows, 
H. Hostetler, Sioux aty. Sd, 

D. W. Cassat, Vail, 
W. Semple, Union Township, 

J. W. Knott, Holdredge, Neb. 

W. M. Porter,Nelson. 
R. N. Powers, Superior, 

E. L. Dodder, Ashton and Cozad, 
J. W. Robb, Gandy, 
J. Warner, St. Edward, 

B. F. Sharp. Gresham, " 

C. S. Vincent, Auburn, 
8. T. Davis, Omaha, aifton Hill, 

E. D. Walker. Synodical Missionary, Mo. 

J. Kirkwood, Grant City and Knox, 
T. J. May, Pastor at Large, 
W. H. Hyatt, Kansas aty, 8d, 
G. H. Duty. South Joplin and Lone Elm, 

E. A. Hamilton, Springfield, 2d, 
J. T. Houston, La Clede and Centre, 

F. Lonsdale, St. Joseph, 8d Street, 
J. Wilson, Pastor at Large, 
W. J. Lee, D.D.. St. Louis, McCausland Ave., 

E. P. Keach, Windsor Harbor, Kinswick and 

Station, 
A M. Flory, Cottonwood Falls, 
W. Coleman, Deepwater and Browningtown, 

D. Kingery, Galva and Canton, 
D. M. Moore, Valley Township, 
J. W. Van Eman, Ellinwood and Geneseo, 
H. B. Johnson, Emerson and Macksville, 
J. L. Amlong« Boxbury and Marquette, ** 
A. Glendennme, Downs and Rose valley, " 
S. P. Meyers, Norman, O. T. 
A. K. Balrd, Wichita Falls, Tex. 
R. Coltman, Flagstaff, Aria. 
C. R. Nugent, Tombstone, 
H. M. Shields, Las Cnices, 
W. W. Dowd, La Junta, 

A. Covert, Eastonville and Peyton, 
W. Kelry, Valley View, 
W. Mayo, Rocky Ford. 
H. M. Goodell, Del Norte, 
C. Burgess, Waisenburg, 

F. G. Webster jAmerlcan Fork, 
F. L. Arnold, Westminster of Salt Lake City, 
P. Bohback, Hyrum, 
W. R. Campbell, Mendon and Wellsville, 

F. W. Blohm, Pleasant Grove and Scandinavian 

work in Utah, 

G. Edwards, Armells and Lewiston, Mont. 

B. Parsons, D.D.. Centralla, Wash. 
J. N. Roberts, Butte Mission, Mont. 

A. McLain, Ridgefleld and Woodland, Wash. 
J. McMiUan, White River, 

C. M. Calvin, Enumclaw. 

C. C. McCarty, Spring Lake Valley, Deming 

and Stations, 
W. McNair. Kent, 
1. Wheelis, Bonner's Ferry, 
J. A. McArthur, Davenport, Minnie Falls 

and Egypt, 

B. L. Aldrich, Wllkeson, 

D. D. Allen, Kendrick, 
W. P. Miller, Portland, Westminster. 
I. V. MiUigan, St. John's of Portland, 

F. G. Strange, Ashland, 
H. A. Mosser, Bandon, Port Oxford, Parkersburg 

and Pershtaker, 

G. A. Holadnger, Myrtle Point, Fishtrap and 

R. Ennis, Jacksonville and Phcenlx, 
W. Gay, Mehama (Niagara), 
G Gillespie, DaUas, 

A. Fitzpatrick. Little River, CaL 
I. M. Crawford, Ojai of Nordhoff, 
D. M. Stuart, National City. 
J. B. Stewart, Santa Monica, 
H. Hill. Anaheim, 
D. 8. Banks, Santa Cruz, 
M. a Hayes, Shandon, Eagles, Parkfield, 

Imusdale and Melville, 
B Ballagh, Traver, 
J. L. WoodJB, Sanger, 
J. F. Drake, GenTGerman Misslonaiy for the West, 

B. H. Hughes, Columbus, Wis, 



N. M. 

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COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. 



DANIEL BAKER COLLEGE. 

PBOP. CHABLEB S. NBWHA.LL. 

Daniel Baker Oollege began in Septem- 
ber, 1890, with an enrollment of one hun- 
dred and eleven' stiideats. The second 
year it had two hundred and twonty-one. 
The third year promiBee an eqnal increase. 

It is located in Brownwood, nearly at 
the geographical centre of great Texas. 

Daniel Baker was a Preabyterian Home 
Uisaionary pioneer in Texas, who did 
a noble work, was widely known, and 
died at bis post. Bocanee the college was 
to be a Presbytertan inatitution to send 
into the home and foreign fields workers 
like him, his name was gireu to it. 

The length of Texas is greater than the 



distance from New York to Chicagoj its 
width, greater than the distance from New 
York to Richmond, Va. Within these 
bounds Daniel Baker is the only college of 
our Church. 

The work of the college is broadly 
planned. There are fourteen resident 
professors. The college proper has three 
courses. Classical, Scientific and English. 
There are commercial, normal, art, music, 
primary training, and kindergarten train- 
ing departments. 

Eighteen years ago the Rev. B. T, Mc- 
Clelland came to Brownwood as a mission- 
ary of the Board. The town contained 
two hundred and fifty people ; now it has 
four thousand. IFrom the first Mr. Mq- 



132 



February Small Fruits. 



[February^ 



Glelland planned and wrought for the 
founding of a christian college. Now the 
work is accomplished. 

That work is accomplished, but the col- 
lege is not endowed. It is established, 
and is doing a large and good work, but 
more is needed. It is one of those col- 
leges which Secretary Ganse loved, and of 
which Secretary Ray spoke in his address 
before the last General Assembly. It is 
strong in its numbers, in its faculty, in 
its plan of work, in the scholarship and 
christian character of its students, in its 
local friends and helpers. It would be 
capable of vastly wider and more effectual 
work if its libraries and cabinets could be 
enlarged, the number of its scholarships 
increased, and its professorships endowed. 



FEBRUARY SMALL FRUITS. 

Different varieties of the Tree of Life, 
whose, ^' leaves are for the healing of the 
nations," grow in different parts of the 
Lord's garden on earth, coming nearer 
paradisial perfection in some soils than in 
others. The Presbyterian variety com- 
monly approximates the inspired descrip- 
tion of the typical Tree : ** Which bore 
twelve manner of fruits and yielded her 
fruit every month." Some crop statistics 
of gatherings from our Tree last year have 
interest. 

The November yield, which feeds and 
clothes our noble home missionaries^ was 
largest of the twelve; January coming 
next with its bread-of-life-fruit for the 
heathen world; mid-Summer July follow- 
ing with -provision for erecting churches; 
and February, whose fruits help to feed 
our self-denying, able, faithful, school and 
pdl^ege teachers, coming fourth. Thi«t 
evidences onr Church's deep interest and 
strong belief in the founding and main-* 
taining of pdji^aational institutions to 
supp}^ future m^nffters^ missionaries an^ 
^inflaej!^^ lay-workew^ a^d ^speciftUy tQ 



control, mouldy and use new communities 
and states rising in the West and South. 

That is what the statistical tables of the 
General Assembly Minutes show. But 
that means what has gone into our schools 
and colleges both East and West; into 
Princeton and the like, as well as into Salt 
Lake City and the like, and far more into 
the former than into the latter class. 
The report of the Committee of Systemr- 
atic Benificence shows what has gone into> 
the treasury of the College Board, into^ 
the missionary department of our higher ' 
educational work, into effort to win andi 
hold the developing West and South.- 
From that report it appears that most of ! 
the Church's higher educational contribu- 
tions went East, not West; that the 
Board of Aid for Colleges and Academies • 
was not fourth in receipts, but seventh;, 
that the February fruits of this branch of " 
our Tree of Life were next to the smallest > 
of them all. 

Several things explain this smallness of 
the Church's gifts where its evident interest 
and faith are so large. This branch was 
the last grafted in, of only nine years 
growth in the sound old stock, not yet 
getting its full share of the richness of 
the parent trunk. Year by year the As- 
sembly asks the Church to give this Board 
six per centum of its total beneficence; and 
year by year the Church gives it three 
per centum. This branch is growing 
stronger, but not fast enough ; we dare not 
lag in '' sowing seed-corn of the bread of 
life," in planting schools and colleges. 
Then the forcing of the January yield> 
which is for the dying nations and should 
be twice as large as it is, naturally exhaust& 
the forces of the Tree, and the February 
fruits are consequently smaller. As 
February is the smallest month, it may be 
that some givers approximate their benefi- 
pence to its shortness. But, after all, 
it is plain that the chief and sufficient 

p§us^ tox tbg 6Wf41P9Si of the February 



1898.] 



Appropriations — The Ainu of Northern Japan. 



133 



frait is the neglect of pastors and sessions 
to shake the Tree in February ; the College 
Board is eighth, last of all the boards, in 
the number of church offerings made for 
its treasury. 

Dear Brother : You are educated. 
Then how can you neglect this cause? 
Will you not see that your church omits it 
no more? This young Board gets less in 



legacies than others; its friends are still 
living; and it needs more of them and 
larger help from those it has won. It 
cannot spare from its list of friends one 
minister who has been aided to get his 
education by endowments of school, college, 
and seminary; or one elder or church- 
member who is educated or who hopes for 
education for his children. 



APPROPRIATIONS. 



The Board of Aid for Colleges and Academies 
has voted the following appropriations from its 
General Fund for the current expenses of insti- 
tutions during this school year. Italicised names 
of synods and presbyteries indicate that the 
institutions have no money appropriation, but 
have the privilege of soliciting and receiving 
the College Board offerings of churches in the 
regions designated. The German Theological 
SemlnaiT at Dubuque has the privilege oi such 
solicitation in all German churches. Some col- 
leges, which do only academic work, are aided 
as if they were academies. 

OOLLBOB8, 8S. 

Albanj College, Atbanv, Oregon, $1,900 

Alma OoUege, Alma, Michicntn, Mickigan 

Albert liea OoUege for women, Albert Lea, 

Minnesota, 600 

BeUevne Oolite, Bellerae, Nebraska, 1.100 

Bueoa Vista OoUege, Storm Lake, Iowa, Fori Dodge^ 

8Umx City, 
Ooates OoU^ for Women, Terre Haute, Indiana, 1,000 
College of Emporia. Bmporia. Kansas, 800 

CoUege of Idaho, CaklweU. Idaha MO 

OoUege of Montana, Deer Lodge, Montana, 1,800 

Daniel Baker OoUege, Brownwood, Texas , 1 ,000 

Oale College, QalesYfUe, Wisconsin, fiOO 

Qerman Theological Seminarr. Dubuque. Iowa. 860 

CbnenTllle and Tusculum College, Tusculum, Ten- 

500 



Hastings CoUeee, Hastings, Nebraska, 

Dllege, 
Lenox CoUege. Eiopkinton, Iowa, 



Jamestown Col 



1,400 
Jamestown, North Dakota, 1,000 

Dubuque 



Occidental Cbllege, Los Angeles, California, l.WO 

Oswego CoUege for Women, Oswego, K« 
Pierre University. Pierre, South Dakota, 



Presbyterian College of the Southwest,- Del. 

Norte, Colorado, 
Washington CoUege, Washington CoUege, Ten- 



Whitworth CoUege, Sumner, Washington, 

ACADBKIXS, 18. 

Brookfleki CoUege, Brookfleld, Missouri, 
Butler Academy, Butler, Missouri, 
Carthage Collegiate Institute, Carthage, Missouri, 
Coming Academy, Coming, Iowa, 
Geneeeo Collegiate Institute, Qeneseo, niino^ 
Olen Rose Collegiate Institute, Qlen Rose, Texas, 
Grassy Cove Academy. Grassy Cove, Tennessee, 
HuntsWUe Academy, HuntsviUe, Tennessee, 
Lewis Academy, Wichita, Kansas, 
Longmont Academy, Longmont. Colorado, 
New Market Academy. New Market, Tennessee, 
Pendletov Academy, Pendleton. Oregon. 
Poynette Academy, P<^nette Wisconsin, 
Princeton CoUegiate ustitute, Princeton, Ken- 
tucky, 
Salida Academy, Salida, Colorado. 
Salt Lake Collegiate Institute, Salt Lake City, 

Utah, 
Scotland Academy, Scotland, South Dakota, 
Union Academy, Anna, lUinois, 



800 
1,200 



1,200 

600 
1,000 



750 
860 
MO 
900 
760 
800 
200 
260 
1,800 
800 
250 
500 
600 

600 

600 

1,100 
800 
700 



Total, 



$80,000 



(ytixBUltati'^. 



THE AINU OF NORTHBEN JAPAN. 

The popular work by Miss Bird» known 
as ^^ Unbeaten Tracks in Japan ^^^ has 
given to the world the impression that the 
Ainu are without religion of any kind. 
The author's impression in this respect is 
like that which travelers in unknown 
countries have often received upon very 
superficial acquaintance. The difficulty 
has been that their assertions were taken 
up by anthropolo^sts and put forth with 
tiie conclusiveness of scientific facts. Bev. 

Mr* BaobeUor, f^e^^ ol t|ie Phurch Mi9* 



sionary Society, has done something more 
than make a hasty trip through the Island 
of Yesso. He has spent fourteen years of 
missionary labor among the Ainu, and it 
is one great merit of his book, sufficient 
to pay the cost over and over, that he has 
given to the world a clear and satisfactory 
account of a very distinct and rather 
elaborate religious system as existing 
among these people. They believe in one 
supreme God, who created the world, in- 
cluding a great number of minor deities. 
These are assigned to departments, as gods 
of the Woods, gods of the Sea, gods of 
Agriculture, etc., etc. It is to these that 
devotions are paid on the ground of a sort 
p| officii etiquette: that i« to say, it 



184 



Baptism 0/ a Persian MoUaJu 



IFdnruaryy 



woald be discourteous to appeal to any 
other deity than the one belonging to the 
particular sphere. It would also be dis- 
courteous to appeal to the Supreme Being 
himself, inasmuch as he is supposed to 
have farmed out the particular sphere in 
which the appeal lies, to competent sub- 
ordinates, who are to be respected as such. 
On this rather ingenious theory polytheism 
has become widespread. One of the deities 
to whom the universe is practically en- 
trusted^ is a sort of revealer and interces- 
sor between the Supreme Creator and 
mankind. There is a belief in immortal- 
ity, or at least in future existence in a 
disembodied form, and the fear of ghosts 
is one of the dominating superstitions of 
the country. The Ainu are an unusually 
religious people. Their regard for the 
supreme control of Providence is such that 
they dare not interfere with the providen- 
tial ordering of the world in even common, 
every day matters. For example, it would 
be an offense to fertilize a piece of land 
with a view of making it produce more 
than the natural amount which Provi- 
dence has assigned to it. If it becomes 
too barren to repay planting, it is to be 
exchanged for a spot more fertile. The 
Ainu asks a blessing always upon his 
meal, and there seems to be an almost 
constant reference to supernatural powers 
as controlling the affairs of life. The 
book is full of interest and instruction. 



BAPTISM OF A PEESIAN MOLLAH. 

EBV. LEWIS P. BSSBLSTYN, TEHERAN. 

About three or four years ago I made 
the acquaintance of a Persian MoUah 
called Mirza Z. I cannot remember the 
first time I met him, nor under what 
circumstances, but I remember distinctly, 
that in the Summer and Autumn of 
1889, an acquaintance had sprung up 
between us, and he often came to our house 
and attended church, more or less, regu- 
larly. He generally came Bible in hand, 
and often with a long list of written ques- 
tions or references to form the subject of 
our conversation and Bible reading. This 
acquaintance continued, and he has been a 
frequent visitor at our house, and at one 
of the other missionary homes, except dur- 
ing intervals when he has gon^ tp bis na- 

tiYO oity of Koebftwn, 



His inquiries about Ohristianity have 
always been keen and impartial, and he 
seems to have read the Bible thoroughly. 

About a year ago he told me he was 
convinced of the truth of Ohristianity, and 
was ready to renounce Islam and become 
a Christian. At the same time, he asked 
to be baptized. I advised him not to take 
the stand for Christ at once^ but to wait 
awhile before being baptized. Soon after 
that he went to his native city of Kosh- 
awn to spend the winter, and says^ he at 
once told his father, who is a chief doctor 
of the law, all the change his views had 
undergone, and urged him also to accept 
Jesus Christ as the Son of Ood and Saviour 
of sinners. The father merely called him 
a blasphemer and treated him as if he 
were demented. 

This summer he returned to Teheran 
and came up to see us at the summer place* 
He again asked and urged that he be bap- 
tized. So one evening, in the latter part 
of July, we called together two of the 
elders of the church — the native Armenian 
preacher^ and two or three other friends, 
and subjected him to a thorough examina- 
tion, after which every person present was 
heartily in favor of his being baptized. 
After Scripture reading and prayer, as he 
knelt on the carpet in the centre of the 
circle of friends, his turban was removed, 
and the ordinance of baptism administered, 
he receiving the name of JPaAyan, which is 
John. 

It was a quiet, pleasant, and solemn oc- 
casion, and we all separated for the night, 
feeling that it had been good for us to be 
there. Ood had given us another visible 
token to encourage us to work on and ex- 
pect results. 

Ik — .^— — .^— 

REPRESSING THE LIQUOR 
TRAFFIC IN CHILL 

EEV. J. 0. WILSON. 

Santiago, Chili. — A bill for the re- 
striction of the liquor trafic has been passed 
by the Chilian Congress. This bill divides 
the Department of the Republic for pur- 
poses of license, into five classes. In each 
class three grades of license will obtain. 
Departments of the first-class include 
such places as Santiago, Valparaiso, and 
Tarapasc^. In these places saloons., r^stai^r* 



1898.] 



Repressing the Liquor Ttaffic in C hili — FUasanl Letters. 



186 



ants, etc., desiring to sell liqnor to be 
dmnk on the premises, must pay a license 
of $1200.00, first grade ; $800.00, second 
grade ; and $400.00, third grade. In 
departments of the fifth division, the low- 
est license is to be $75.00. The law is to 
take effect immediately after its publica- 
tion in the official gazette. 

That this is a grand step in advance for 
Ohili, will he seen from several points of 
view. 

First, it is a new thing in the history of 
the Bepnblic to attempt to restrict the 
traffic. It makes an era of reform. 

Second, the difference between these 
sums and the amount charged for license 
formerly speaks for the value of the new 
law. Hitherto, almost any place could open 
and sell liquor for the small sum of $5.00. 

Third, the bill has become a law in spite 
of much opposition. The Roman Catholic 
clergy, so far from giving the measure 
their hearty moral support, are among the 
best patrons the liquor producer has. The 
Dominicans, indeed, are said to produce 
the best wine in Chili. This contrast 
with the attitude of evangelical clergy in 
the United States speaks volumes. Presi- 
dent Mont, from whom the measure origi- 
nated, deserves great praise for his noble 
effort to redeem Chili from its great curse. 
A mob of the lower classes, on Sunday be- 
fore the passage of the bill, assembled on 
the main avenue in Santiago, went to the 
President's house, the Moneda, and called 
for him to appear. He wisely declined to 
do so and was obliged to disperse the mob 
with police. 

The bill is not all that could be desired. 
It does not touch places that sell liquor by 
the bottle, not to be drunk on the premises. 
A man with money can get all he wants to 
drink at home. But many '' despatches " 
will be closed, some drunkenness stopped, 
some children saved, and some revenue, 
(the price of blood) brought in to support 
the Oovemment. 



PLEASANT LETTERS. 

[We take the liberty of sharing with our readers 
the very $rreat and very pore pTeasare which the 
following letters give ns. The first was written 
west of the Misgissippi; the second east of the 
Hudson.] 

It is near the end of another year — ^I enclose 
draft $5 as usual for you to use in sending the 
Magazine to some needy, worthy ones. I was 



pleased yesterday when I handed D. the money he 
was to have to buy Christmas presents with, and 
he turned to his mother of his own free will and 
handed a tenth of the amount, saying: "That 
Is the tithe." I did not expect him to do that; 
it simply shows the force of habit established in 
a boy twelve years old. We have tried to teach 
our children that a tenth belongs to the Lord, 
and that we are not giving anything unless we 
give nwre than the tenth. Each child regularly 
gives more than the tenth from their weekly 
earnings. 

Enclosed check for ten dollars ; please send one 
copy of Church at Home and Abroad to 

Mrs. . The remaining copies send to whom 

you think best. I have hitherto had the reading 
of my sister's copy ; now that she has entered 
into "the rest that remaineth," I shall take a 
copy. Mrs. . 

A Seksiblb Woman writes from Ohio to our 
Business Superintendent as follows : 

Dear Sir:— You may think me very change- 
able, as I wrote you a week or so since, you need 
not send The Church at Home and Abroad 
next year. 

I had to write a paper for our Missionary 
Society for the last Friday in December, on 
Syria. I was hunting up material for it, and the 
December number came, which gave me so much 
on Syria that it caused me to change, for I 
thought it best to do so. I will enclose one 
dollar for it. 

It is not a little encouraging to find that such 
people get so much help from the Church at 
Home and Abroad. There are some such who 
have not tried it as this lady has, and who tax the 
Secretaries with the labor of answering letters 
of inquiry for helps, such as she finde in our 
magaeine. Some such inquirers, nearly every 
month, get in that way only what is in the mag- 
azine for that month, in its monthly concert 
pages, at greater pecuniary cost to the treasury 
of the Board thto the whole monthly east of the 
magazine to its regular subscribers. Can 
thoughtful readers do a better thing for their 
thoughtful neighbors than to induce them to be- 
come subscribers. The Secretaries are sure to 
give the best that they have of information on 
these subjects to their readers in this magazine. 
Why not fljid it here? Why not help us to ex- 
tend this help to others? 



186 



The Feminine Element of Maquenee. 



[February^ 



THE FEMININE ELEMENT OP ELO- 
QUENCE. 

ADDIS OWEN. 

A wise woman whose husband was pastor of 
one congregation for sixty years once said to 
him: "I think your sermons would sometimes 
be more effective if you allowed yourself to put 
into them some of the minute details of descrip- 
tion, and the little touches of nature, which a 
a woman would be more apt to put in than a 
man." 

There is a quality of written or spoken dis- 
course which adds greatly to its power to win 
and hold attention, and to make its way into the 
deepest places of readers' or hearers' souls, of 
which that venerable lady had a just conception. 
It is as difficult to define it as it would be to 
measure the flavor of a fruit or weigh the fra- 
grance of a flower. It is none the less a reality, 
and a power. 

The most manly oration is not made less pow- 
erful by the suffusion -of that aroma which 
womanly thought more readily generates. This is 
an added power, a power wonderfully subtile 
and penetrating. It existed in an unusual de- 
gree in the oratory of Henry Ward Beecher, and 
in that of John B. Gough. That happy power 
of graphic description ; that facility of passing 
quickly and yet not abruptly from the elevated 
and stately to the familiar and conversational — 
do not these seem verily feminine powers or 
graces? And yet they are admirably blended 
with the most manly attributes. They not only 
give increased interest and effectiveness to dis- 
courses, but they give to the speakers a certain 
pliancy and elasticity which enable them to 
endure the labor of speaking, to recover from its 
fatigues, and to avoid its rapid exhaustion of 
vitality. They are thus enabled to enjoy life 
much better, and their valuable powers are 
much less rapidly worn out. 

How do such men get this power ? Doubtless 
there are diversities of natural endowment in 
this as in all other respects ; but all natural en- 
dowments are capable of increase by cultivation, 
and are liable to be impaired or lost by neglect 
or abuse. 

It is the high privilege of educated women to 
be, in this respect, pre-eminently '* helps- meet" 
for educated men. We use that sacred phrase 
because it is most expressive of our meaning, 
and we by no means limit it in this application 
to the relation of marriage, to which it was first 
divinely applied. There is intellectual fellow- 
ship, and mutual intellectual helpfulness be- 



tween men and women in society, quite beyond 
that which they give each other in the domestic 
relations ; and doubtless this is to be so increas- 
ingly, as methods of education are improved, 
and opportunities of education are extended. 

There is no educated woman who does not 
exert influence, who may not exert helpful in- 
fluence, over more than one educated man. Prob- 
ably there is no one who may not make some 
public speakers more eloquent than they would 
otherwise be, by continual help of their prepar- 
ation for coming occasions of public discourse. 
This is not to be kept in mind with laborious 
pains-taking ; that would spoil it. In the very 
rest and pastime of social intercourse, in the 
reading of good books together, in the observa- 
tion of works of art, in the comparison of views 
and impressions concerning works of art, and 
natural scenery; and books, and historic events, 
and human experiences, and human characters, 
and concerning God and eternity — in all conver- 
sation which is worthy of men and women, wo- 
men are educating men, and may be educating 
orators — helping them, more than any other cul- 
ture can help them, to acquire that peculiar 
power of which that pastor's wise wife spoke to 
him, flavoring the very substance of future dis- 
courses with that fine aroma which is so difficult to 
define, so good to enjoy. The ability of women to 
exert such influence is increased by all increase 
of their intelligence, by all healthful develop- 
ment of their womanly nature. Let all teachers 
of women understand this, and be cheered and 
strengthened by it in all their patient work. 
All humanity is elevated by the elevation of 
women ; all sources of influence and of power in 
human society are improved, and purifled, and 
made more beneficient by all true improvement 
in the education of women. Preeminently is 
this true with reference to that marvellous power 
which we name eloquence. Men need to study 
the feminine element which should always enter 
into it, and women should thoughtfully consider 
how womanly influence can best promote it. 

That good lady, Priscilla, seems to have had 
equal part with her husband in helping Apollos 
to become more ^' mighty in the Scriptures " than 
he was before. Paul also names her among those 
to whom he sent affectionate salutation, in that 
wonderful roll of his loved ones, at the end of his 
epistle to the Romans. Nor was she the only 
woman to whom that great apostle felt himself 
indebted. See how he salutes Tryphena and 
Tryphosaand the beloved Persis, and how charm 
ingly he writes, " Salute Rufus, the chosen in 
the Lord, and hM mother and mine*" 



18^8.] 



1 hcughis m the SahbathrSchoolJLessms. 



137 






I. 

Feb. 6. — Dedicating the Temple. — Ezra vi: 
1422. 

Prominent among the causes for thanks- 
giving at the dedication feast, was the remem- 
brance that the Lord had ^' turned the heart 
of the king of Assyria unto them, to 
strengthen their hands in the work." There 
are no better illustrations in all God's word or 
in all history of the truth that ^'The king's 
heart is in the hands of the JLord, as the 
rivers of water; he turneth it whithersoever 
he will, " than the deliverances that came to 
Israel through Cyrus and Darius. Imperial 
^icts o{ religious toleration and royal bene- 
factions for missionary enterprises from 
lieathen rulers have illustrated the same 
^ruth in more modem times. And if, often, 
He does leave these royal hearts to devise 
^and carry out their own schemes of opposition 
to the onward march of His kingdom, it is 
no less true that '' the Lord is mindful of his 
own '' and that it is still His *' good pleaaure 
to give them the kingdom." 

II. 

Feb. l%.—Nehemiah'B Prayer, -'SehA'A-ll. 

We perceive in Nehemiah*s prayer all the 
essential parts of true devotion ; to wit, ador- 
ation, confession, faith, specific petition, and 
the proper use of means. But, after all, the 
form of prayer is a matter of minor consid- 
eration. It is not so important that we 
should know the set phrases and due order as 
that we should want something and mean 
what we say. D. J. Burrei.l. 

Long before the sorrowful cupbearer in the 
Babylonish court, mourning the desolation of 
the sacred city of his nation and the sin that 
had caused it, brought his petition for for- 
giveness and help, the need had been antici- 
pated. In the closing petition of his pro- 
phetic prayer at the dedication of the Temple, 
Solomon had pictured the circumstances and 
in almost the very words of Nehemiah 
prayed for the future captives of his nation, 



''If they shall bethink themselves in the 
land whither they were earned captives, and 
repent, and make supplication unto thee in 
the land of them that carried them captives 

Give them compassion before 

them who carried them captive." 

III. 

Feb. 19. — /Rebuilding the Wall. — Neh. 
iv:9-21. 

''We made our prayer unto our God, and 
set a watch against them." The helpless sub- 
mission of the fatalist to the inevitable, 
stands in striking contrast to the active faith 
of the servant of God, who "trusts in God 
and keeps his powder dry." That it was no 
lack of faith that followed prayer for protec- 
tion by the judicious setting of a watch, we 
may feel sure, with the battle cry of the 
twentieth verse sounding in our ears, "Our 
God shall fight for us I " 

IV. 

Feb. 26. — /Reading the Law. — Neh. viii:- 
1-12. 

Church history, ancient or modem, will 
hardly furnish record of a more remarkable 
convention of Bible-students than that gath- 
ered in " the street that was before the water 
gate " of Jerusalem, more than twenty- three 
centuries ago; remarkable in its numbers, in 
the reverent attention, in the abseoce of all 
argument, in the deep impression made by the 
simple setting forth of Scripture truth, in the 
practical results that followed. 

The brief statement of the eighth verse is 
full of suggestion for preacher and teacher ; 
while for every Bible student who has felt the 
keen stroke of the "sword of the Spirit" 
forcing home the conviction of a broken law, 
there is comfort in the cheering words of the 
tenth verse. The truly repentant heart will 
waste no time in mourning and weeping over 
the past, but will go forth to meet new oppor- 
tunities for obedience and service. "The 
joy of the Lord is your strength," and a 
sense of forgiveness is no small element in 
that joy. "Unto him that loved us, and 
washed us from our sins in his oum blood, 
and hath made us kings and priests unto God 
and his Father ; to him be glory and dominion 
forever and ever." 



Us 



Native Agents and Their Thaining. 



[Febrvart/y 



NATIVE AGEiniB AND THEIR TRAINING. 

Rkv. Jakxs S. Dennis. D. D. 

[Divers providential hindranoes having prevented 
several of our editorial oorrespondents from send- 
ing what would have occupied several pages, 
we gladly give their space to extracts from this 
timefy and instructive paper read at the General 
Council of the Alliance of the Reformed Churches, 
at Toronto, September, 1892.] 

A grave question of expediency and wise 
economy of administration is the proper regula- 
tion of the proportion of foreign and native 
agency in any ^ven field of mission enterprise. 
It is a matter to be decided largely with refer- 
ence to the conditions of the problem in each 
separate field. Great weight should be given, of 
course, to the judgment of missionaries on the 
field, yet there is a call for careful scrutiny and 
independent judgment on the part of those who, 
as officers and administrators of the gifts of the 
Church, stand between the missions and the 
churches as the representatives of the interests 
of both. The training of native agents is often 
attended with many discouragements. They 
frequently seem to fail at the most critical mo- 
ments, and under circumstances of peculiar ag- 
gravation. They will sometimes demand an 
unreasonable and disproportionate increase of 
salary, and if denied, will desert their posts of 
service for some more lucrative worldly employ- 
ment after the mission has been at a large 
outlay to prepare them for their position. Their 
work is sometimes slovenly and done in the spirit 
of a hirling. The moral dignity and spiritual 
force of their personality seem, in some cases, to 
be in a state of chronic collapse. They fail often 
to respond to the higher motives of service, and 
seem willing to let their work drag on with no 
enthusiasm and little zeal. Their labor appears 
to be barren in results, with little to give promise 
of better things. Under such discouraging cir- 
cumstances the heart of the missionary grows 
despondent, and turning away from his native 
help with feelings of distrust and despair, he 
looks longingly toward the Church at home, and 
prays for a brother missionary of his own race 
and blood who will bring aid and cheer and sym- 
pathy, and give a manly and heroic tone to the 
loved service of the Master. His call is loud 
and full of moral earnestness and heart pathos. 
It should be responded to promptly and sympa- 
thetically in probably the majority of cases, yet 
cautiously and always with discriminating in- 
quiry as to the exact status of the problem of 
native agency, and the actual relative proportion 
of foreign to native forces in the field. In most 
cases it may be an absolute necessity to send 



foreign missionaries; in others it may result in 
an over-supply of the foreign element, and prove 
a hindrance to the employment of native agents, 
who should be brought forward and made to 
bear responsibility and assume burdens which 
no one as yet has had the courage to place upon 
them. - 

An indiscriminate urgency for the multiplica- 
-tion of , foreign missionaries throughout the 
world needs to be tempered and directed by a 
proper regard for the imperative call in most 
mission fields for native workers, and the un- 
doubted propriety and advantage of committing 
the work of missions in foreign lands as rapidly 
as possible to the hands of native converts chosen 
and called of God to serve in His kingdom. If 
we take a sober view of the present and pros- 
pective resources of foreign missions, and pass a 
fair judgment as to the relative desirability of 
foreign and native laborers in the pastoral ser- 
vice of mission churches, and in the every -day 
personal contact with native commufiities, we 
are constrained to deprecate any such undue or 
disproportionate multiplication of foreign agents 
as shall render impossible an enlarged and vigor- 
ous policy in the direction of a more efficient 
native agency.  » « 

The call of need from the foreign fields, with 
their vast populations and open doors, is the 
most impressive and startling voice of Providence 
to the Church in this century. * * * Granted 
the need, how can we best meet it? * * * 
At the present moment it is not so much zeal 
in indiscriminate sowing of the seed broadcast 
over the world by foreign agents which is needed, 
as it is the steady and diligent effort to nourish 
and cultivate and harvest [the product] of seed 
already sown, and from this native fruitage to 
obtain the seed, and also prepare the soil, and 
raise up the native laborers to further cultivate 
the arts of spiritual husbandry, and give the 
cheering promise of a natural increase of ten, 
twenty, fifty and a hundred fold to the Lord's 
harvest fields. An excess of foreign laborers to 
occupy positions which native agents could fill, 
and perform services which could safely and 
advantageously be committed to native hands, 
is a policy which in the end will surely react to 
the injuryiof missions. It is costly and absorbs 
funds which might be used to serve for a larger 
ministry in^the employment of natives; it retards 
the progress of the native element toward the as- 
sumption of the higher functions of Christian 
service; it is apt to injure the feelings and excite 
the jealousy of worthy and efficient helpers, who 
feel that a larger scope should be given them in 



1898.] 



JXffictdHes and DiscovragemenU — The Brighter Side. 



189 



the honors and responaibiitlies of the Lord's 
work; it has a tendency to unduly coddle and 
oyer-serve with gratuitous foreign ministrations 
the native Church, and in some cases to make 
unacceptable the humbler and less highly edu- 
cated services of the native ministry. 

In yi0w of these considerations I desire io offer, 
at the present stage of our foreign missionary 
enterprise, an earnest plea for an advance in the 
policy of more systematic training and more 
general employment of native agents. 

DIFFICULTIBS AKD DISCOURAGEMENTS. 

I know there are natives in every field clamor- 
ing for employment who are utterly unworthy 
of a place in the Lord's vineyard. I know that 
there are some of those who are already employ- 
ed who could be dismissed with little or no loss 
to the Church. I know that neit b er these natives 
nor their friends would coincide with this judg- 
ment, and that some low motive of selfishness, 
or favoritism, or personal feeling, or unfair dis- 
crimination is usually attributed to the mission- 
ary as exerting an undue influence over him. I 
am well aware of the instability, restlessness, 
worldliness, and mercenary spirit of some of the 
native helpers who have become identified with 
mission work in different fields, and that there 
is only one thing worse than a mercenary native 
agent, and that is a mercenary foreign missionary. 
Yet this is not a state of things which should 
lead us to lose faith in native agents. Mission 
work has necessarily appealed to the mercenary 
spirit where it existed. It offers regular and 
very honorable employment with fair wages to 
all who can secure places. Applicants have 
multiplied who were entirely unfit for service, 
and who were not capable of even passing an 
intelligent judgment upon the higher and more 
spiritual qualifications necessary in a candidate. 
The result is that there is usually in every field 
a circle of discontented and unhappy candidates 
who are bitterly disappointed that they are not 
employed, and regard themselves as unjustly 
treated. This is inevitable, and if in some 
cases mistakes have been made, and men who 
were not called and furnished by Gk)d have been 
put into places of responsibility by the mission- 
ary, it is due to that lack of perfect discernment 
which is ever incident to the exercise of fallible 
human judgment. 

THE BRIGHTER SIDE. 

Native agency has had a most honorable his- 
tory in the modem missionary enterprise, and 
deserves a large and generous share of the credit 
of its sacoess. There are native helpers who 



are chosen and called of God, and furnished by 
Him with gifts of heart and mind to do noble 
service in the Church. There are men and 
women whose hearts have been made humble 
and tender and consecrated, and who serve in 
the spirit of love, with zeal land enthusiasm. 
Their aspirations are high, [their services loyal, 
their motives pure, their self-denial marked, 
their success indisputable. They love the 
Master, study and honor His Word, rejoice in 
His service, seek the spiritual welfare of souls, 
and long and pray for the coming of his king- 
dotn in the power and glory of its triumph. 
They live in natural and hearty contact with the 
people; they are in sympathetic and helpful 
touch with fellow natives, they command the 
love and respect of their constituency, and are 
truly prophets and guides among Gtod's people. 
Many of them are gifted and mighty in prayer, 
and preach the Gospel of life with tender 
unction and spiritual power. They have a 
blessed ministry as peacemakers and comforters 
and kindly councillors in the native circles where 
they live. Many of them do the work of an 
evangelist with conspicuous success, and teach 
the way of life with singular clearness, impress- 
iveness, and persuasiveness. Every missionary 
can name such persons in his field. He honors 
and trusts them, and prays that others may be 
raised up like them. They seem to represent 
the spirit and power of the Gospel, and to adapt 
the lessons and apply the instructions of the 
Divine Word to the daily life of native families 
in an Asiatic village, without any unnatural 
wrenching of the immemorial customs of society 
or needless clashing with native susceptibilities. 
There is a certain native simplicity, tact, good 
sense and homely naturalness in the way in which 
they state and enforce the teachings of the Bible 
which it is all but impossible for a foreigner to 
imitate, unless he is thoroughly at home in the 
use of the vernacular and has spent many years 
in close contact with the native mind. Our 
foreign missions at the present time, almost 
without exception, are in desperate need of just 
such men as I have described. * * * 

Men prominent in mission service who have 
the right to speak with the authority which 
supreme devotion and large expeiience give, 
have put themselves on record as fully convinced 
of the value and necessity of trained native 
agents as permanent factors in a true mission 
policy. 

THE TRUE POLICY. 

We should make arrangements for thorough 
and systematic training of native helpers, and 



140 



The Ihie Pdicy— Proper Iraining of Native Agents. [Pdrmffi 



give ourselves with energy, perseverance and 
enthusiasm to the task of inspiring and guiding 
and helping natives into the higher and nobler 
walks of Christian service. This can be done, 
and if our mission work is to become a healthy 
plant of the soil it must be done. It may seem 
to involve a certain loss of morale in the service 
and a temporary lowering of standards, and a 
deterioration in the spiritual quality of the work 
done, while the native agents may be less able 
to resist powerful opposition and more exposed 
to persecution ; yet its advantages will far out- 
balance its disadvantages, and the missionary 
himself can to a large extent remedy these de- 
fects, if they exist, by proper oversight of the 
work done, and by his inspiring personal influ- 
ence over his native assistants. It will be an 
immense gain to have the Gk)spel mirrored in the 
character of the native teacher, and the truth in- 
terpreted by native experience, and the instruc- 
tions and exhortations of the preacher spring out 
of the native heart in a simple and natural way, 
free from officialism, and not associated with the 
expectations of worldly benefits, which are al- 
most inevitably identified in the mind of the 
natives with the services of the foreign agent It 
will be an immense saving in money, time, and 
labor to select men on the ground from among 
the people, knowing the language, familiar with 
the native character and customs and modes of 
life, ready to mingle with men on the same social 
level and deal with them at close quarters, able 
to adjust instruction to the idiosyncrasies of the 
native mind, and avail themselves of the power 
which is often wrapped up in a native idiom or 
hidden away in some tone or gesture or shrug of 
the shoulder or familiar illustration. 

This policy is already the generally accepted 
one in our missions with useful results ; but it 
needs emphasizing, just at the present time, as 
par excellence the policy especially indicated by 
Providence and taught by experience as the one 
which should be adopted and systematically 
carried out as a permanent method of conduct- 
ing the work. 

PBOPER TRAINING OP NATIVE AGENTS. 

There seems to be practical unanimity among 
experienced missionaries upon two points with 
reference to the training which is desirable: 
First, it should be given on the field, and, second, 
it should be largely, although not exclusively, 
in the vernacular of the country. With refer- 
ence to the desirability of conducting the train- 
ing of native helpers in their native lands, there 
is apparently a consensus of missionary opinion ; 
and it becomes us to be wise and cautious, and 



to walk by the light of experience in a matter 
so vital as this. A capital mistake may be made 
Just here in giving unwise encouragement to 
natives to seek an education in America or Eng- 
land, as a preparation for evangelistic service in 
their native lands. It is a far wiser and more 
hopeful method of securing the usefulness of 
native agents to provide for regular, thorough, 
systematic training in the fields, and to insist 
upon their obtaining it there. It is only excep- 
tional natives of the highest moral calibre and 
finest spiritual fibre, who have been plainly 
called of God to a front rank in His service, and 
who have been tested and found true, who will 
profit by a course of American training. The 
vast majority of Asiatics would never survive it 
and retain the requisites of a successful ministry 
among their fellow-countrymen. We would not, 
of course, contend that this must necessarily be 
so in every individual case ; but it may safely be 
said that not one in a hundred of the natives at 
present engaged in foreign fields could be wisely 
selected to stand this test. It is more likely, 
however, if this matter is not watched, that 
ninety-nine out of every hundred would seek 
their educational and ecclesiastical fortune in 
these favored lands, toward which many of them 
are already longingly looking, and hoping that 
the door may be thrown open for them to come. 
The other point upon which the weight of mis- 
sionary opinion seems to be in one direction is 
that, as a general rule, the vernacular should be 
the medium through which this training should 
be imparted, especially in i^U that relates to 
biblical education and religious instruction. In 
many missions, however, an exception has been 
made in cases where an advanced academical 
training and a more thorough theological course 
is called for; in which case it seems to be the 
universal custom in mission fields to make the 
English language the medium of this advanced 
curriculum. 

There are three points which must be guarded 
with special care in this process of training the 
native agent: First, he must not be educated 
above or away from the humble duties of the 
native ministry; second, he must not be dena- 
tionalized in the process, so that this higher edu- 
cation will separate him from his country men ; 
third, he must not be spoiled in the spirit and 
tone of his service by an unwise use of foreign 
money. He must be a native still, and what- 
ever robs him of his native quality is likely to be 
a detraction from his power. While his charac- 
ter must be changed and elevated, his nationality 
must be untouched ; while his service shotild be 



1893.] 



Value ofAssocioHm With Those Whom God Loves. 



141 



properly rewarded it should be still a service of 
love and not of hire. Proper pay will not spoil 
a proper man, while any pay will be too much 
for an unworthy man. « » * * 

When the foreign mission work which we have 
carried on shall crystalize into native Christian 
churches and institutions, and become a fountain 
of further missionary enterprise to the regions 
beyond, it will not be possible to continue to in- 
troduce the foreign missionary into this enlarged 
sphere of effort Native missionaries of native 
churches must then have their innings; and why 
should we not have confidence that Gk)d is going 
to use His people, in what are now mission 
lands, as the chief agents in the general extension 
of His kingdom to the myriad souls in the as yet 
obscure and untouched villages and hamlets of 
Asia and Africa ? Has He not called our Chris- 
tian churches, within the lifetime of many still 
among ua, out of a state of almost utter neglect 
of this great duty, to participate in the honors 
of the modem missionary enterprise ? Does He 
intend, do you think, to limit the sacred privil- 
eges of this CO- operation with Him in the crown- 
ing work of redemption to the churches now 
within the tx)unds of modern Christendom? 
Were not His first missionaries Asiatics ? Did 
He not call Saul from consenting to the martyr- 
dom of Stephen, to be Paul, the missionary to 
the Gentiles ? Let us not be distrustful of His 
power or doubt the meaning of His purpose. * * 
There are now sixty-ei^ht native missionaries 
in New Guinea from the Samoan Islands, con- 
cerning whom one of the resident missionaries 
of the London Missionary Society recently gave 
this remarkable testimony: "Our South Sea Island 
teachers are our mainstay, and no pen can write 
the grand work they have done." Here is actual 
foreign missionary work, where less than a cen- 
tury ago the grossest darkness and superstition 
prevailed. At a recent meeting 6f tiie Malagasy 
Congregational Union, a native organization 
among mission churches of the London Mis- 
sionary Society in Madagascar— a gathering rep- 
resentative of eight hundred churches of the 
Province of Imerina, held at Antananarivo, the 
capital of the island — was recently witnessed 
the novel spectacle of "returned missionaries" 
of the native churches appearing on the plat- 
form and giving accounts of their labors and of 
the stnmg^ customs of the tribes among whom 
they had been residing. * * * * 

The Church can never complete this majestic 
enterprise by foreign agents, even were she in- 
clined to hu'gely increase their number. We 
snut haoe the native mUdona/ry. 






THE VALUE OF ASSOCIATION WITH 
THOSE WHOM GOD LOVES. 

Those who are truly God's friends have their 
character improved by that friendship. A truly 
godly man is always an honest man, a sober 
man, a virtuous man. A man who is sincerely 
pious will not cheat you; will not betray you ; 
will not wrong you ; will not corrupt you. It is 
every way safer and better to be connected with 
those who have the character which is assured 
by godliness than with those who lack it. 

Suppose that Joseph had not been a God-fear- 
ing young man, would Potiphar's domestic 
affairs and his most sacred domestic interests 
have been so safe? Does any skeptic believe 
that Joseph's piety could have been lost without 
endangering his virtue? — that he would have 
been just as reliably honest, just as incorruptibly 
chaste, if he had lost his faith in God?— that 
any natural sentiments of honor and uprightness 
could have kept him as whole in the midst of 
temptation as he was kept by his reverent love 
of God? 

Experimental religion, coming intio the sphere 
of natural causation, touches and quickens and 
rectifies all its natural forces. 

Are you the child of parents whom God loves, 
who have by faith taken hold of his covenant to 
be a God to them and to their seed after them? Is 
there any price for which you would sell that 
birth-right? Have you a Christian employer 
whose whole authority and example urge you 
and encourage you to a course of uprightness 
and of piety? 

Have you a room-mate whom you believe to 
be a sincere Christian? Is your most intimate 
friend a true Christian? 

So far as you can have your choice, it is wise 
to seek earnestly and carefully such associates. 

We cannot, in this world, be wholly separate 
from the wicked. Gk)d will not have us, for He 
wishes us to do good to them. Whenever in His 
providence, it is clearly made our duty to be 
connected with persons who do not fear Him, 
we may trust Him to keep us from being cor- 
rupted, and to enable us to do^good to them with 
whom we are thus connected. Yet is it neither 
wise nor right, for us unnecessarily to identify 
our interests with those of ungodly men. A 
partnership in business with a nun destitute of 
religious principle is almost sure to be a hin- 



142 



^^erury of Lebanon. 



[Fdruary^ 



dranoe — quite apt to be a dangerous snare. A 
connection in marriage with one who does not 
fear Qod exposes the soul still more seriously. 
An apostle earnestly exhorts his Christian read- 
ers **not to be unequally yoked together with 
unbelievers." He knew the evil and the danger 
of having close connection with those whose 
example and influence will tend to draw us 
from Gk)d. 

On the contrary, how great, how inestimable 
is the privilege of being identified in interest 
and in hopes, with those who have a good and 
firm hold on Gk)d — the covenant-keeping God — 
to have an interest in the prayers of those whom 
Qod promises to hear, and a share in the desti- 
nies of those whom He promises to bless. 

A still pleasanter thought is this: Tou may be 
siuh a person that any connection toith you wiU he 
a blessing to others, *' It is more blessed to give 
than to receive." It is a higher happiness to do 
good to others than to have others do good to us. 
How shall we measure the blessedness of being 
such a man or such a woman that none of our 
fellow-creatures can be associated with us with- 
out thereby being benefitted? 

To have such a servant as Potiphar found in 
Joseph is a great providential favor. To have 
such a son and brother as Joseph was — how it 
elevates a family I To have such a prime-min- 
ister as Joseph, what a blessing was it to 
Pharaoh and to Egypt I But is it not an un- 
speakably greater privilege to be the JosepM^to 
have others feel, with good reason, that the 
Lord hath blessed them for your sake? 



In no other human relation is it so important to 
be connected with those whom Ood loves and 
who love him, as in marriage. All thoughtful 
young people look upon marriage as a possibility 
to themselves in the near future, and as probably 
desirable. It is quite right that this should be so. 
It is quite right for young men and maidens to 
expect and to desire marriage — subject, like all 
other right desires, to God's wise and holy will. 
Another way of expressing this, is in the words 
of an apostle — "only in the Lord." 

An excellent example of right Christian feel- 
ing on this subject, is given in a letter written by 
one John Kelly, of Norwood, Mass., seventy- 
five years ago, from which we find the following 
extract in the Independent, in which it is called : 

AK OLD LOVB LETTER. 

"I expect that she to whom I am united . . . 
will not be wholly unmindful of the termination 
of our journey — that she will sometimes, whether 
in prosperity or adversity, health or sicdmess, 



sorrow or joy, look beyond the scenes of time to 
those far more important that will open upon her 
hereafter — and I hope most earnestly that she 
will be qualified and disposed, by her example 
and friendly admonitions, to recall her partner 
from his wanderings to a sense of his duty, and 
accompany and assist him on his way to a better 
world than this is. 

"As to our prospects in life, you know they 
are humble, very humble, and unless our minds 
are humble, too, we have no chance for happiness. 

"No one will suspect either of us of marry- 
ing for money. There never was a couple united 
who were, in fact, more dependent, or ought 
more sensibly to feel their dependence upon 
Providence than we ; and if we neglect constantly 
and daily to acknowledge that dependence we 
shall be undeserving of that support and assist- 
ance on which only we can rely. 

"I could wish for your sake (ten times more 
than for my own) that I had a fortune equal t-o 
my love for you, and could raise you to a rank 
that you would honor and that would do honor 
to you. But, Susan, I have nothing to offer 
you — nothing but a hand that will be cheerfully 
given, and a heart that is faithfully yours. If 
these you are willing to accept — if you are will- 
ling to share my fate, whatever it may be — to 
share my sorrows and my joys, and allow me to 
participate in yours — then come to my arms and 
come to my heart, thou most beloved of women. 

"But examine yourself and see. If you love 
any other man than me — if there is any one to 
whom (could you choose from all the world) you 
would prefer being imited — ^if you can give me 
only a share in your cdOfections and a heartless 
hand — if vou cannot in heart as well as in life 
forsake all others and cleave unto me, and to me 
only, so long as we both shall live, I entreat you, 
even now to renounce me. I would rather go to 
the grave than to the marriage altar under 
circumstances like these. I conjure you by all 
your hopes of happiness in tills life and by all 
your hopes of happiness beyond the grave, not 
to deceive yourself or me in this great and 
solemn concern." 



SCENERY OF LEBANON. 

The land of The Book abounds in .scenery 
both beautiful and grand. It moved and 
lifted up and aggrandized the souls of ancient 
psalmists, and it stirs to similar emotion the 
souls of our now living missionaries. One of 
them, as modest as he is earnest, was pre- 
vailed upon by a brother missionary to send 
ns the verses, on the next page, with much 
'^ distrust of their usefulness." Notwith- 
standing that modest ^* distrust" we gladly 
give them to our readers, and are quite sure 
that they will enjoy them. 



1898.] 



A View fr cm ML Lebanon. 



143 



Eight years ago, when I was spending the 
winter in Sjria, I rode with that missionary 
oyer Mt. Lebanon, and far np Mt. Hermon. 
He was familiar with that country, haying 
been bom and passed his boyhood in it, his 
father and mother being missionaries. He was 
mounted on his swift, braye Arabian, which 
he had named Ramapo in affectionate remem- 
brance of the place in the State of New 
York, where he was a happy pastor for a few 
years before he became a happy missionary. 
My first crossing of the upper Jordan was 
with him, and I haye yiyid recollection of 
the moment when, pointing southward down 
the yalley, he showed me a small spot of 
water surface glistening in the morning 
light, and told me it was Lake Merom, and 
that not far beyond it was Qennesaret. 

If the youth who read this may not all be 
permitted to ride oyer those mountains and 

« 

yiew that goodly scenery with their own 
eyes, certainly their souls will be pleas- 
antly and profitably stirred by the glimpse 
which they may now haye through Mr. 
Ford^s eyes of a noble specimen of that 
scenery. 

A VIEW FROM MT. LEBANON. 

BSy. OEORGB A. FOBD. 

[On the summit of the southern spur of Leb- 
anon where I have my chosen sunmier camping 
ground 600 feet above the sea, far from any 
human dwelling, it is my delight to let the eye 
sweep over the 250 cities and villages (including 
Tyre and Sidon) that I counted one clear morn- 
ing; and of which nearly all are in our own 
Sidon Station, and to pray for the coming of the 
kingdom in this district, with the habitations in 
f uU view. The grandeur of the scenery, with 
Hermon looming up in the rear close by, and the 
broad Mediterranean and its interesting coast 
directly in front, Lebanon piled heap on heap 
to the right and the Sea of Glalilee with its sur- 
roundings and its suggestions to the left, is to 
me intensely impressive ; and there, one eve, on 
the tip-top, some distance from camp, in the 
lonely and lowlp moonlight, the thoughts in my 
mind found Uiia utterance.] 



'* For He spake and it was done. He commanded 
and it stood fast.^ Pb. S8: 9. 

Jehovah I Creator, Preserver and Friend ; 

Whose wisdom and power and love cannot end, 
I bow at th^ Majesty, awed and subdued, 

Beholding thy wonders my faith is renewed. 

How true to thy purpose and order benign. 
Is every worK of thy wisdom divine. 

How loyal is each to thy sovereign command. 
Of all thou has wrought with omnipotent 
hand I 

The mountains thy summons once heard and 
obeyed, 
And rose from the deep In their grandeur 
arrayed ; 
The deep heard thy voic^ and fled back at thy 
call, 
Hemmed in by thy will, as with adamant wall. 

The sun and the moon, in their stately career 
Await thy direction with reverent fear, 

And the numberless stars beaming bright over- 
head, 
Keep time to thy law in their orderly tread. 

The clouds, as they sweep thro' th' ethereal ex- 
panse, 
At thy mandate dissolve, or recede or advance. 
The springs as they bubble, the streams as they 
flow. 
Instructed by thee on their missions do go. 

The thunder's loud peal and the lightning's keen 
flash, 
The hurricane's roar and the earthquake's 
dread crash. 
As well as the dew-drop and soft rustling breeze 
And blossoming flowers, fulfil thy decrees. 

The leaves as they quiver, the showers as they 
fall. 
Wild beasts of the Jungle and beasts of the 
stall. 
The tides of the ocean and seasons that roll. 
Accept thy dominion and love thy control. 

The reptiles and insects, a marvellous host 
Of life microscopic to reckoning lost, 

The birds in the air and the fish in the sea. 
And the trees in the forest yield homage to 
thee. 

Then why should the " Lord of Creation" alone 
Resist thy commandments, refusing to own 

Allegiance to thee in whose image sublime 
He was formed by thy hand in the morning 
of time ? 

And why are thy children so slow to respond 
By bearing the Gk)spel to "regions beyond," 

When Thouh^9\, commanded '' Go carry the news. 
Of grace and salvation to Gentiles and Jews ? " 

O, thou who hast made us and freely didst ^ve 
The Son of thy love that we sinners might live ; 

So teach men to love thy commands and obey. 
That the vws 07 c^ibat^on may vanish away 1 



144 



A Voyage in a Chinese Junk. 



[jFWruary, 



A VOYAGE IN A CHINESE JUNK. 

MBfi. MABY LANE. 

[Our young readers will be glal to hear again from 
Mrs. Lane, who has given them some liyely and instruc- 
tive stories before. See December number, 1608, and 
October, 1891.1 

The rainy season being over, we began to 
prepare for moving to the new station, Chi 
Ning Chow, which is five hundred miles from 
Tungchow, in the southwest. of Shantung 
Province. On such an occasion one is 
tempted to envy the poor white trash in the 
South, who, when they wish to change their 
quarters, first throw a gourd of water on the 
fire, then call the dogs and go. The Chinese 
regard the foreigner with great disgust 
because he moves so often and has so many 
things. They seldom leave their native 
village. They will brave famine and pesti- 
lence rather than forsake the graves of their 
fathers. They look upon emigration with 
horror. 

We passed on to our boat and waited a 
short time on the tide. We soon weighed 
anchor and the sailors pulled the boat out 
through the water-gate into the Gulf of Pei 
Chili. The sailors now hoisted the sails, 
chanting in a wild, weird, wailing tone, as 
they pulled the ropes. The boat is also pro- 
pelled by a scull, which is a great flat paddle 
fixed on a pivot to the stern of the boat and 
works like the tail of a fish. We sat down 
upon the deck- to watch, and wondered who 
would be first to get seasick. Our party con- 
sisted of seven persons, my son and his wife, 
myself, two Chinese teachers, a Chinese helper 
and our servant. We enjoyed the splendid 
sunset, but the sky was soon overcast with 
long fleecy clouds, which reininded me of the 
sailors^ old song, 

''Mackerel scales and mares tails 
Make tall ships carry low sails." 

Being wearied, we soon retired to rest. 
There are no cabins or state rooms in a junk, 
Qnty a hole fQre ^d aft. Kme was like 9^ ^§11 



curb six feet square. I started down, feeling 
much as if I were going down into a well to 
sleep. I was met by a strong odor of putrid 
dried fish, the favorite food of the Chinese, 
but the force of gravitation overcame even 
this stench, and I landed at the bottom. My 
Chinese teacher, a nice clean Christian woman, 
occupied the hole with me. We found, 
when lying down, we could stick our feet out 
under the deck on one side, likewise our 
hands on the other side. We were very glad 
of this extension. We soon fell asleep, 
'' rocked in the cradle of the deep.'' I was 
awakened by the winds howling and shriek- 
ing, the old boat groaning and creaking, the 
huge waves pounding against her sides as if 
cannonading her. I attempted to rise, but 
struck my head with such force against the 
great wooden beam above that I was glad 10 
subside. I tried again more successfully, 
hoping that I could peer out and see the 
storm, but in vain, we had been shut down 
so closely to keep out the water. I called to 
my son, but he could not hear. I realized 
how utterly helpless we were. All at once 
came the comforting thought, ^' Is not Crod 
upon the sea just as well as upon the landt'^ 
I lay down and soon fell asleep. When 
morning came we found that the winds had 
been favorable, and we had made great pro- 
gress during the night. The wind was still 
blowing a gale, and continued to do so all day. 
The junk anchored for breakfast near shore, 
and remained there until evening. The 
sailors at first made excuses that the winds 
were contrary, but when it changed, they 
owned up that they were afraid of the rough 
sea, lest they should be seasick. There were 
a great many junks in harbor, some of which 
were loaded to the water^s edge with huge 
logs they were bringing from Korea. Little 
sam pans were flitting about among them. 
At 4 P. M. the wind subsided, and we set 
sail. When night came on, it was lovely 
sailing through the phosphorescent waters. 

About four P. M., on the fifth day, the 
tide was in, and we sailed up the mouth of 
the river '^ Why Ho,*' and stopped for the 
night. 

Monday morning we entered port. A 

^able is str^tgbed across tb^ nr^r \Q 9top tb9 



1898.] 



God^s Work Among the Com Planters. 



146 



boats until customs is paid. Mj son sent his 
teacher with his passport to the official, the 
cable was taken down, and we passed up and 
anchored. 

We were eight days coming one hundred 
and sixty miles. Trolj, when it comes to 
travelling, China is a slow coach. We are, 
probably, the first white women that ever 
made a sea voyage on a jonk. 



GOD'S WORK AMONG THE CORN 
PLANTERS. 

MBS. SARAH L. TRIPPE. 

[More than a year affo, Mrs. Trippe {jrave ns a Tery 
inteiysflting aooount of **A Pio-nic Among the Oorn- 
Flanter lodianis*' in the western part of New York. 



Do you lemember It ? It is worth your while to go. with 
▼oar mother^s permission, to the shelf on which she 
keeps the back numbers of the Church at Homk and 



Albboad, and find that particular number. December, 



1891, page 5<S0. By reading that first, you will be better 
prmared to enjoy what Mrs. Trippe now tells yon about 
the Interesting people to whom she and her husband are 
mifl8iooaries.r 

Better than '^ A Pic-nic AmoDg the Corn- 
Planter Indians," even though that day closed 
with a blessed hoar of prayer in the home 
oyerlookisg the riyers, was the feast of good 
things enjoyed by the missionaries among 
that people during a five days meeting in 
November last. These special meetings 
banning on Tuesday evening and closing on 
Sabbath evening have, for many years, been 
held during the Fall and Winter months on 
the various reservations of western New 
York, and they are often times of great 
refreshing. 

To us, settled for a few days in the little 
mission-house, recently built and furnished 
bj the ladies of the Red Stone Presbytery, 
in the Synod of Pennsylvania, and by the 
hands of the Indians, as we glanced over the 
quiet snow-covered reserve, it. seemed that 
surely here was a place where temptation and 
sin might be almost unknown. Lying for 
two miles on the river- side, its twenty homes 
are clustered near the monument of a com- 
mon ancestor, Corn-Planter^ with church, 
school, and mission-house, all pretty and well- 
cared for, situated at a short distance from 
the resting-place of their father. All seemed 
to speak of peace and love; but to the mis- 
sionary comes that knowledge of heart and 
bQii^e which dispels al| happjr delvi^iou. Yet 



the Lord is very gracious, and his coming to 
the Corn-Planters at the time of this meeting, 
seemed like the days of his ministry upon 
earth, when he came with his disciples to 
tarry for a time in the village. 

The missionaries were accompanied by 
earnest Christian Indians from other reserves, 
whose fervent words, prayers, and hymns, 
were of great worth. Indeed, as the mis- 
sionaries do not speak the Semca language, 
these dear brothers were indispensable. The 
plan of meetings was to visit every home, 
holding a service of prayer and song, and 
requesting the inmates of the home to speak 
of their spiritual condition. We started 
daily at 9 A. M. and 2 P. M. for these 
meetings at the homes, and at half -past six all 
gathered at the church. The first meeting at 
the home of our good brother Jackson, an 
elder, was a precious season, where we found 
renewed consecration to the Master. In each 
home- following we found the Holy Spirit had 
gone before us, melting the heart in contrition 
and love. E^ch following day seemed more 
precious than the one before, until we could 
realize the blessing of those ten days which 
the disciples spent together in the '^ upper 
room *^ in Jerusalem. In the evening service, 
the truth preached seemed given, indeed, 
from above, and hearts that had long resisted 
the pleadings of the Spirit, submitted to him. 
On the Sabbath, three parents were received 
into the church, bringing with them their 
children to receive the '^ sign of the coven- 
ant." Three young people, two of them 
young men, were also received, the church 
coming forward to give the ^^ hand of fellow- 
ship." 

These precious services it was very hard to 
bring to a close, but the work on other 
reserves must not be neglected; so the elders 
must take charge for five weeks till the 
missionary might return. On Sabbath eve- 
ning the *' God-be- with-you," was given, but 
the next morning, a large number of the 
people accompanied the departing ones to the 
station, while the band stood on the opposite 
shore endeavoring, by choice music, to ex- 
press that which words fail to do. Pray with 
us for the coming and abiding of the Spirit on 

aU tlje rw^ryes of Western New York I 



146 



OUanings at Some and Abroad. 



[Fdnvary, 






The net increase in the Teluga Mission of 
the S. P. Q. for 1891 was 2412, or nearly as 
great as during the whole previous decade. 



The Gospel of John has been published in 
the Qaichna language, a root language for 
many tribes in the interior of South America. 
^^Bible Society E^f>orter. 



To call attention to the genuineness of mis- 
sion work as seen in the changed lives of some 
of the more notable converts, is one purpose 
of Mr. Robert Young's " Trophies from Afri- 
can Heathenism." 



In all generations to come the name of 
William Carey as an apostle and master- 
workman in missions will stand higher than 
any other, that of the great apostle to the 
Gentiles excepted. — Dr. Leonard in Biblio- 
theea 8acra. 

'^ Caste is the chief outward obstacle to the 
open spread of Christianity in India to-day ; 
but it is safe to say that all the outworks of 
caste have been taken, and it is fighting for 
life in the very keep of its castle." 



Within two years, says The Free Church 
of Scotland Monthly, the C. M. S. has sent 
150 new missionaries into the foreign field ; 
and so great is the desire to undertake the 
work that the society is overwhelmed with 
applications. 

Friendship is secured by stronger bands in 
Africa than in civilized countries. Chibwemi 
has often an influence over a man's whole 
life. A native has been known to take a new 
name on the occasion of forming a new friend- 
ship. — Life and Work, 



Dr. William Ashmore, of Swatow, on visit- 
ing a neighboring village asked the popula- 
tion, and was told, ^^ about three or four 
tboosandt" ^^Do^ t)U8 ipdude women?" he 



asked. **0h, no;" was the reply, **We 
follow the Chinese custom and do not count 
the women." 

 

Two Chinese young women have entered 
the medical department of Michigan Univers- 
ity in preparation for missionary work in their 
own country. This is believed to be the first 
instance of Chinese women entering an Ameri- 
can College. — Christian Statesman. 



The cash receipts of the Missionary Society 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church for the 
year ending October 81, 1892, were $1,257,- 
372, a net increase of $24,484. The appro- 
priations for the coming year aie $1,275,000, 
of which 55 per cent, goes to foreign missions 
and 45 per cent, to domestic missions. 



The way to create and deepen home interest 
in missions is for those who are face to face 
with heathenism to keep it constantly before 
us. No work will in the long run tell so 
effectively upon the heathen world as the 
work of writing to the church at home. — 
Presbyterian Record, 



On the island of Tanna sickness drives 
people away from church. It has more than 
once broken up the mission. Three promis- 
ing young women recently died, and the 
heathen exultingly said: ''Now, are we not 
right; the gospel kills, for are not all the 
Christian girls dyingt" 



Missionaries in the New Hebrides, says the 
Presbyterian Record, do not dare to keep their 
children, while their characters are forming, 
in daily contact with native children, so they 
are sent to Australia or Scotland to be taught 
and trained by strangers. What greater sac- 
rifice can a missionary make) 



The Chinese respect old age, says Miss C. 
E. Bighter in the Baptist Missionary Maga- 
zine, Among the inquirers at Uni, a city of 
20,000, was a woman 82 years of age, whose 
example had great weight with her neighbors. 
They thought if such an old woman can find 
goo4 tn tWs 4optrine it must be good. 



1893.] 



Gleanings at Some and Abroad. 



147 



Mr. Lamont is attempting to reach the 
Singapore ^^Babas" through the avenne of 
their desire for an English education. He 
has organized evening classes for these Straits- 
bom Chinamen, and hopes bj winning their 
confidence as a friend to win a way for Christ 
into their hearts. — The {London) Presbyterian. 



pence a day can double that income during 
the next current year. — Dr, Pieraon at the 
last annual meeting of the C, I. M, 



The work of couTerting the Mohammedans 
is not to be done at our ease, with the mere 
surplus of our wealth and the fragments of 
our time. It demands all the energy, and 
faith^ and prayers of the Church. It is a 
dead lift, demanding the redeeming grace of 
Almighty Qod working through man doing 
his best. — Free Church of Scotland Monthly, 



Bey. John Batchelor in his '* The Ainu of 
Japan'^ says, this ancient race, which occu- 
pied the land before the Japanese, is slowly 
but surely passing away, one cause of their 
decrease being drunkenness. Fully 95 per 
cent, of them will get drunk wheneyer they 
can obtain sake enough; and the state of in- 
toxication is their supreme ideal of happiness. 



Writing of Hospital work in Ningpo, Dr. 
J. S. Grant says there are no other such 
opportunities in China to bring home spir- 
itual truths to the hearts of the people. Sep- 
arated from heathen enyironments, sur- 
rounded by Christian influences, and the 
heart made tender by sickness, the news of 
salvation is often eagerly sought after and 
thirsted for. 

m 

Dr. Cobb on his recent yisit to Ferris Sem- 
inary obseryed no efforts to Europeanize the 
pupils. The daUy papers of Yokohama, 
speaking in terms of unqualified praise, ad- 
mitted that while the scholars gaye such eyi- 
dence of judicious and skillful training, they 
had lost nothing of their simple native mod- 
esty and grace. — Christian InteUigencer. 



Only 17,000 persons at the rate of one 
penny a day would be required to give 26,000 
pounds sterling, the entire income of the 
China Inland Afission for the last current 
year. Therefore 17,000 who will give two 



Says Bey. Donald McGilvray in the Pres- 
hyterian Becord : Pilgrims come from a dis- 
tance of 800 li to offer incense to the grandam 
of Tai Shan, the sacred mountain in Shan- 
tung. Her great power is supposed to be the 
gift of children, the supreme longing of 
every Chinamen, in order that he may have 
some one to sacrifice at his grave and appease 
his hungry manes. 



Dr. B. N. Cust regards the missionary as 
the highest type of human excellence in the 
nineteenth century, and his profession the 
noblest. He has the enterprise of the mer- 
chant without the narrow desire of gain; 
the dauntlessness of the soldier without the 
shedding of blood ; the zeal of the geographi- 
cal explorer, but for a higher motive than 
science. 

Our German Work describes the missions- 
fests in which German Christians give expres- 
sion to their missionary spirit and kindle 
missionary enthusiasm. Several ministers 
are secured to help the pastor; the people 
gather from the surrounding country ; services 
are held morning, afternoon and evening for 
two days, and a collection taken at each 
service. 

Bishop .Key of the Southern Methodist 
Church in the Conference examinations, 
when a preacher's name is called, is accus- 
tomed to say : * ^ We have sent you out to do 
two things; to save souls, and to raise means 
to save other souls. How many have you 
received into the Church, and how have you 
succeeded with your missionary collectionsf " 
— Qospd in All Lands. 



Much of Martyn^s strength was spent in 
translating the New Testament into the 
Persian. In studying the original his spirit 
was refreshed. His spiritual life was deep- 
ened by living and working in the atmos- 
phere of God^s Word. So far from having 



148 



Qleanings ai Home and Abroad. 



[Fdruary^ 



his faith injared, these scholarly researches 
gare robustness and vigor to his saintly life. 
— Free Church of Scotland Monthly. 



The Damascus Mission of the Edinburgh 
Medical Society, in its appeal for 5,000 pounds 
to build a hospital in that city, says: '*Is it 
not almost incredible that, at the end of the 
nineteenth century, there should exist a city 
of about 200,000 inhabitants-«nd that the old- 
est city in the world — without a hospital for 
its sickV^^Qtiarterly Edinburgh Medical 
Society. 

There are still among the hills and moun- 
tains of India tribes scarcely more advanced 
than those who used agate knives and flint 
weapons, erected Druidical stones, and formed 
mounds at a period antecedent to that remote 
age when the Aryans conquered the aborig- 
inal people. It was only in 1871 that the 
women of the Juangs, or leaf-wearers, of 
Orissa, were induced to wear any kind of 
clothing. — Surgt3on General Moore in the 
Asiatic Quarterly Review. 



The work of the B&le Mission on the Gold 
Coast, with its ten principal and many out- 
stations, is steadily extending and increasing. 
Quiet companies of Christian people in outly- 
ing places, under regular supervision, are 
exercising an unmistakable influence for 
good. In January, 1892, there were sixteen 
native ministers and 160 catechists and teach- 
ers. During the year 614 were baptized, and 
there were 8,031 pupils in the schools. — 
Herald of Mission News. 



According to reports from Lake Nyassa in 
the Free Church of Scotland Monthly the fol- 
lowers of Islam are realising that a crisis in 
the history of their African influence is at 
hand. The Arab cannot exist in Africa 
without trading in ivory, and he cannot trade 
in ivory without slaves. He knows the anti- 
pathy of the European to slavery; and the 
breach between the two is increasing. The 
British Government is placing gun-boats on 
I^e Nyassa to suppress th9 slaye tradp. 



A lady missionary in Burmah, after ad- 
ministering a famous painkiller to invalids, 
left a number of bottles to be used after she 
was gone. Returning after some months the 
head man of the village said: ^^We have 
come over to your side; the medicine did us 
so much good that we have accepted your 
God." She was ushered into a room where 
the painkiller bottles were arranged on a 
shelf, and before them the whole company 
immediately prostrated themselves in wor- 
ship. — Monthly Messenger. 



The standard of moral teaching of the 
Kashmiris is being raised. In spite of their 
objection to Christianity, ideas essentially 
Christian are filtering through their preju- 
dices and influencing the lives of many. 
Once let ideas be received which are superior 
to Mohammedan teaching, and lives lived 
which are purer and better, there must come 
a silent confession of the inferiority of their 
creed. In this way Christianity will event- 
ually triumph. — Dr. Neve in Monthly Mes- 
senger. 

All India is crying out for Christian teach- 
ers; all classes are eager for instruction. 
We want preachers and doctors and trans- 
lators, but we want teachers most of all. 
The majority of our teaching staff must be 
native, but the best American and European 
teachers are wanted to train this native 
agency. The wise laborer in a pagan land 
desires to reproduce himself in hundreds of 
native laborers whom the climate cannot 
drive out of the country. He desires to per- 
petuate himself in the hearts and lives of his 
pupils. — J. L. Phillips, M. D., in the Inde- 
pendent. 

We distinguish between Christianizing and 
Europeanizing. We do not wish to make 
Africans bad caricatures of Englishmen. We 
want to Christianize them in their own civil 
and political conditions; to help them develop 
a Christian civilization suited to their own 
climate and circumstances. Boys in our 
schools are not allowed to wear European 
pjothing. It is i^ot our business to encourage 



1898.] 



Gleanings at Heme and Abroad. 



149 



the trade in boots by spoiling the feet of the 
Africans for their own climate. We teach 
only those trades which will enable people to 
live in independence of the mission. — Bishop 
A. O. Smythies of the JfniverHties* Mission. 



The curators of Kew Gardens sent to Blan- 
tyre ten years ago a number of slips of the 
coffee plant. One survived the long journey, 
took kind?y to the soil, and is to-day the pro- 
genitor of a million plants growing on a single 
estate, besides hundreds of thousands on 
neighboring lands. The coffee produced 
realizes a good profit in the London market. 
^* That little cutting,'' says Dr. Kerr Cross, 
*^ bids fair to have a mighty civilizing influ- 
ence on this part of Africa, and to confer an 
inestimable boon on its people." — Johnstone's 
^*^ Missionary Landscapes in the Dark Conti- 
nent.'' 

The moving force in India is Christianity. 
The name of Christ is one of the best known 
in that land. Christ has been preached and 
read and sung into the hearts of the people. 
India acknowledges His beauty and suprem- 
acy, but she will not bow to Him because He 
was not bom a Brahmin nor inaugurated His 
religion in India. She has compromised 
with her pride and adopted a religion that is 
half-way. The whole Somaj movement has 
been bom of contact with Christianity, and is 
not due to any innate goodness in the Hindu 
religion. — J^ev. iT. JST. Russell, 



Dr. Anderson of the Taiwanfoo Hospital, 
Hainan, says that poor people pawn articles 
of clothing and jewelry that they may come 
for treatment. One sick man, long unable to 
work, had raised money for the journey by 
the sale of his wife to another man. One 
yoong man, having been unable to work for 
some time, had been dismissed by his wife, 
who then married some one else. She had 
been honorable enough, he said, however, to 
give him back the fifteen dollars he had paid 
for her, and with this money he was able to 
live at the Hospital while the doctor sought 
to eflfoct a cx^.-^ffindon Presbyterian. 



The . Chinese in Sung-pan, province of 
Szchuen, having exhausted the ordinary causes 
for drought, blamed Mr. and Mrs. Turner of 
the C. I. M. for the calamity. Dragged from 
their home, stripped of their clothing, and 
driven along the streets, they were rescued by 
a military Mandarin and taken to the Yamen. 
The Magistrate, wishing to appease the mob, 
asked the two servants if they were willing to 
be beaten instead of Mr. and Mrs. Turner. 
The brave men, who were Christian inquirers, 
willingly volunteered, and patiently received 
each one thousand blows, their only comment 
being that their sufferings were not greater 
than Peter's or Paul's.-^CAtn««6 Recorder. 



Chinese physicians are not so ignorant of 
medicines as one would suppose from some of 
the articles of their pharmacopea. Their 
infusions, teas, and syrups, concocted from 
various roots and herbs, are upon occasion 
wonderfully effective. They use various 
pepsin compounds with great skill; but on 
the same principle that the powdered diges- 
tive juices of an animal will stimulate the 
digestive forces of a man, they hold that 
powdered tiger's teeth are a sovereign cure 
for general debility. The tiger being the 
strongest animal known, and the teeth the 
strongest part of the tiger, therefore pills 
made from them contain the elements of great 
strength, is a method of Chinese reasoning. — 
Medical Missionary Record, 



Dr. John Morrison of Calcutta, noting the 
fact that while in 1881 there were 987 Christ- 
ians in connection with the missions of the 
Church of Scotland in India, in 1891 there 
were 8, 908, or four times as many as ten years 
before, says: ''But far beyond the figures is 
the hope that some of the Christian know- 
ledge, faith and power that we are implanting 
is self -propagating and will continue so." 



** It was a girl, you know," was the reason 
given by a man and his wife on Epi, one of 
the New Hebrides, who had unblushingly 
confessed to having buried one of their cMl- 
dren alive.— 27^ Presbyterian Record. 



150 



Notes from Peking — Ministerial Necrology. 



[Fdrwiry^ 



Mrs. DeHeer, Mrs. Reutlinger and Miss Glirist- 
ensen of our Gaboon and Corisco Mission, recently 
made a trip up the Benito river and found to 
their surprise that the Boheba and Pangwe, or 
Fan people had come down in large numbers 
from the interior and were crowding the Balingis 
down to the coast. No native laborer has been 
permanently located among these tribes, but 
they have been visited regularly every month by 
a native licenciate and as a result a number are 
inquiring the Way of Life. 



vent this a formal treaty need not be broken 
without due notice being given to the other 
party. 



The editor of the Baview of Bedews has con- 
tributed to his December number an article upon 
physical culture at Wellesley College. ' It takes 
very advanced grounds as to the duty of every 
college for young women in the direction of sup- 
plying complete facilities for the care of the 
health of students and for the development of 
their physical strength. Some extremely inter- 
esting steps in advance have lately been taken at 
Wellesley, and these are fully described. The 
most interesting part of the article, however, are 
the graphic tables with which it is fully illus- 
trated, and which show what forty Freshmen 
have been able to accomplish under regular 
gymnasium instruction during six months in 
respect to the increase of the girth, depth and 
strength of chest, the capacity of lungs, the 
breadth of the shoulders, the strength of back 
and the strength of other muscles. It is an article 
which will certainly have weight in the educa- 
tional world, and will interest parents who have 
daughters to educate. 



NOTES FROM PEKING. 

BOUDINOT 0. ATT^RBURY, M. D. 

The Riots seem to have stopped for the 
present. Still, one living here, never gets 
over the feeling that under all the apparent 
quiet an earthquake may at any time break 
forth. Now that severer measures are to be 
taken to exclude the Chinese from the United 
States, we Americans cannot complain if 
broad hints are thrown out that we should 
leave China. Not that this government is 
likely to take any direct retaliatory steps. 
Officials will certainly, however, point to 
this exclusion act whenever our minister 
goes to the foreign office for favors or con- 
cessions of any kind. It may not be desir- 
able to have the Chinese go in any large 
^umbers to Ai^erica, but certainly to pre- 



Memorable Day. — The nineteenth day of 
June, 1892, marked the first fifty years 
since Shanghai, the great trading port of 
the East, was thrown open to the world^s 
markets. Though done by force, against 
the will of the Chinese, who desired to have 
nothing to do with '' barbarians," the whole 
Empire, as well as the outside world, has 
gained by Great Britain's action. 



Great Changes have taken place in China 
in this half century. More ports have been 
opened, foreign trade has enormously in- 
creased, foreigners, chiefly missionaries, have 
penetrated to all parts of the Empire, tele- 
graphs, steamers and several short railroad 
lines have been built; better than all, the 
knowledge of a pure religion has been spread 
everywhere. 



(giinieterkif (lUcrofo^. 



B^We earnestly request the families of deceased min- 
isters and the stated clerks of their presbyteries to for- 
ward to us promptiv the facts given in these notices, and 
as nearly as possible in the form ezempUiled below. 
These notices are highly valued by writers of Presby- 
terian history, compilers of statistics and the intelligent 
readers of both. 



Atkinson John B. — Born near Delaware, O., July 
15, 1835; graduated from the Ohio Wesleyan 
University, 1881, and from the Western (Alle- 
gheny) Theological Seminary, 1864; licensed by 
the Presbytery of Marion, 1865; ordained by 
the Presbytery of Wooster, 1866; pastor of 
Wayne and Chester churches, 1866-1874; Lower 
Ten Miles, Pa., 1874-1880; Buffalo and West- 
minster churches, 1880-1887 ; after a season of 
ill-health renewed his ministration in a mission 
station at Hill City, Kansas, 1889; died at that 
place, November 14, 1892. Married Miss Lida 
Kerr Thompson. One daughter, Mrs. Anna 
Prewitt, of Hill City survives. 

Bbonbon, Edwin.— Bom in Delhi, N. Y., July 1, 
1799; graduated from Union College, 1828; from 
Auburn Theological Seminary, 18S1; ordained 
at Parma, N. Y., by Genesee Consociation, June 
8, 1831; Marion, N. Y., 1831-82; Springwater, 
N. Y., 183^-«4; Guilford, 1835-36; Wysox, Pa., 
1887-39; Windsor, N. Y., 1840 to 1843; Scotts- 



18980 



JBook Notices. 



151 



▼iUe, 1844-46; Elkland aUd Osceola, Pa., 1847; 
Rome, Pa, 1848; Harford, N. Y., 1850-61; 
Agent of American Bible Society in Luzerne 
Coonty, Pa., 1852^53; Mehoopany, 1854-61; La- 
porte, 1862-64; Resident at Monroeton (&. R.) 
from 1865. Afterwards at Aspinwall and Nel- 
son. Married to Miss Mary Hitchcock, of Homer, 
N. Y., 1831. Died at Nelson, Pa. , Nov. 8, 18W, 
aged 03 years, 4 months and 3 days. His wife- 
snrviyes him, a son and a daughter having died 
before him. 

Campbeix, Samttkl Minor, D. D.— Bom in Camp- 
beU, N. Y., June 1, 1823; united with the Pres- 
byterian Church in Campbell, April, 1841 ; stud- 
ied at Almond, N. Y., at Franklin Academy, 
Prattsburgh, N. Y., and privately; graduated 
at Auburn Theological Seminary, 1849; A. M. 
from Hamilton College, 1856, and D. D. from 
the same, 1864; married Sophia L. Burton of 
Prattsburgh, N. Y., Sept. 18, 1845; married Mrs. 
Mary B. Judson of Prattsburgh, May 1, 1878. 
Ordained and installed at Paris Hill, N. Y., by 
Oneida Association, Nov. 1850, Alder Creek and 
Remsen Presbyterian Church, 1849-60; Paris 
Hill Congregational, 1850^7; Dansville Presby- 
terian Church, 1857-58; Westminster Church, 
Utica, 1858-66; Central Church, Rochester, 
1866-81; First Church, Minneapolis, Minn., 
1881-SO. Supplied the Presbyterian churches in 
Astoria, Oregon, Montecito, Cal., Oneida, N. Y., 
and Fort Dodge, la., 1889-92; died at Minne- 
apolis, Minn., Nov. 17, 1892; buried, Campbell, 
N. Y. , Nov. 23, 1892. His wife and sons, Charles, 
of San Francisco, Rev. Frederick of Jefferson 
Park Church, Chicago, and Edward Franklin of 
Portland, Oregon, survive him. Published 
"Across the Desert, a Life of Moses,*' 1872; 
"The Story of Creation," 1877; "The Life of 
Christ," 1890 ; " That Other World," 1890. 

Palheb, Edmund M.— Bom near Flemingsburgh, 
Ky., May 2, 1832, and removed to California 
with his parents in 1849; entered Westminster 
College, Mo., but repeated failures of health 
compelled him to abandon a college course; 
studied theology and was ordained by the 
Presbytery of Palmyra, Sept. 19, 1868; minis- 
tered to Olivet church, St. Charles County; La 
Belle church, Lewis County; and the Philadel- 
phia church; In 1879 removed toParkville to 
educate his children. From that time to his 
decease, Feb. 1, 1892. Platto Presbytery was the 
field of his labors as pastor at ParkviUe, evan- 
gelist and Bible colporteur. Died Feb. 1, 1892. 
Married, Miss Eliza B. Matthews who, with 
five children, survives him. One daughter, a mis- 
sionary teacher died in Utah, in 1891; the 
younger one is now on her way to Japan. 



Q^ooft (jXofkts. 



Japan in Histort, Folk-Lobe and Abt, by 
WUliam Elliot Griffis; Number 10 of the Riverside 
Library for Young Peaple, published by Houghton, 
Mii&in & Co., Boston and New York. Price, 75 
cents. 

This little volume is full of information on the 
points mentioned, and ia written in a bright, attrac- 
tive style. Though not dealing with its subject 
from a missionary stand-point, it should have a 
place in the missionary library. It will interest 
those who wish to make themselves thoroughly ac- 
quainted with the inhabitants of the Sunrise King- 
dom, while it gives tpecimens of Japanese folk-lore 
that will remind young readers of their favorite 
tales of Grimm and Hans Andersen. 

The Ainu of Japan, by Rev. John BacheUor, C. 
M. S. Missionary to the Ainu. Fleming H. Revell 
Co., Union Square, East, New York. Dr. Ellin- 
wood writes of the Ainu on page 133. 

An American Missionary in Japan, by M. L. 
Gordon, with an Introductory Note by Wm. Elliot 
GrifBs, D. D. Houghton, Mifflin & Company, Bos- 
ton and New York: Riverside Press, Cambridge, 
1892. 

This little book of nearly three hundred pages is 
one of eminently practical interest, especially to 
those who are to become missionaries in Japan, and 
also those who love the cause and are wishing intel- 
ligently for its support. The titles of jts twenty-two 
chapters are suggestive. We give a few only : 

Missionary Life in Japan ia a picture of experi- 
ence. The Study of the People is a compact epitome 
of common-sense suggestions. It is time for the 
missionary to understand more fully the absolute 
importance of knowing not merely the language 
and habits, but also the modes of thought, the re- 
ligious beliefs and philosophies of a people. The 
chapter designated " The Kumamoto Band " is a 
little romance, full of encouragement and hope. 
The chapter on Japanese Preachers sets forth that 
remarkable class of men who^have been found in 
Japan in the last twenty-five years, men of the 
middle class who have constituted the strength of 
the Japanese church. The Doshisha University is 
the subject of another chapter with the romance of 
Neesima as its germ. Christian Womanhood^ an- 
other title, invites the perusal of all women who are 
interested in the uplifting of their sex. Chapter 
XX. is devoted to Christianity and New Japan, 
Chapter XXI. presents The Present Outlook con- 
cerning which all are so deeply interested. Dr. 
Gordon has proved himself one of the most observ- 
ing and intelligent of missionaries in Japan. 



RECEIPTS. 

Synods in shall oapitalb; Preebyt e riee In italie; Ghuroliefl In ttomaiL 



it Is of ipntkt importsnoe to the treasoien of all the boards that when mon^y is sent to Hmdl Hm 

aanie of the church from which it comes, and of the presbytery to which the chu^ bekmgs, riionld be 
distinctly written^ and that the person sending should sign his or her name disthictty, with proper title, e. g.. 
BoLstar^ Tretuwer, Miss or 3frs., as the case may be. Carefol attentioci to this inll save mooh troablejaDd 
perhfHpe preYcnt serious mistakes. 



BEOKIFT8 FOH THE BOABD OF OHUBOH BBBOTION. NOYKMBEB, 18M. 



BALTiMOBK.—£aif<more— Baltimore Hampden sab-sch 

5. New Ccutle— Green HUl, 8. 8 
Oaufornia.— Lm ^n^fetet— Rlyerside Calrary, U; San 

Pedro, 6; Santa Ana, 15. Stockton^Tn.ver, 2. 85 

OoLORADo.—BoiUcfer— Cheyenne 1st, 10. 10 

Ilukois.— ^Zton— Virden. 5. Stoomtn^rton— Wataeka, 

6. Cairo— OartervlUe Ist, 8. CTiiccKro— Chicago 8d, 860; 
HerschAr, 6. IrVeaport— Galena South, 88 85; Prairie 
Dell, German, 10. lfa(tooi»— Vuidalia, 4, Bock River— 
Dixon, 87 06; Edrlngton, 10; Princeton, 96 71. Schuyler-^ 
Maoomb, 18 60: Monmouth, 17 77; Warsaw, 8; Wythe. 5; 
a>rf niz/l«2d — Plsgah, 8 16; Unity, 1 66; WilUamsTlUe 
Xjnlon,4 18. . ^. . ^^ 

Indiana.— Crat0/or<i«v<U6—Roclr?ille Hem*l, 7 86. Fort 
TTatffM— Elkhart, 10: Lima, 8. Looafuoort— Lucerne, 4. 
White Water— Knlghtstown, 7 50. 88 85 

Indian TBRRrroBV.- C^erofcee Aatioiv— Barren Fork, 8. 
Muecogee— Rod Fork, 6; Tulsa, 8 57. 11 57 

Iowa.— Cedar I2apt'd« — Mount Vernon, 80. Council 
£<«#«— Missouri Valley Ist, 10. Dee Jjldinet— JackBon- 
Tille, 8 60: Ridgedale, 5 15. Du^ii^tM- Independence 1st, 
9 0?; Wilson's Grove, 9 8S. Fort Dodge— Spirit Lake, 5. 
ai<mx Citv—ldtk Grove, 10. 81 96 

Kansas.— HiffAIand^ Ajctell, 6. IxinMti— Sterling Ist, 
6. ;V0O«Ao— Yates Central, 18 60, Otbome— Hays City, 

9 74. /Solomon— Glen Elder, 8. Sbpeto— Biley Centre, 
German, 8. 88 84 

KsNTUOKT.— Lottt'MrfUtf'-Hopklnsville, 6. 5 

Michigan.— Detroit— Brighton, 7; Erin, 8; Marine City 

10 58. ^int— Gaines, 8; La Motte, 4. Orand Rapida— 
Grand Rapids 1st, 80 9$. Laneing— Oneida, 1 86. 68 80 

Minnesota.— DulutA—DuIuth Ist, 41. ifantoto— Bala- 
ton, 8: Mankato Ist, 8 76. St. PiaiiZ— St. Paul House of 
Hope sab-sch, 6 85. 69 

Missouri.— Ptotte— St. Joseph Westminster, 10; Union, 
8. at. Louis— St. Louis Corondelet, 8 06. White River— 
Hopewell, 8. 8) 06 

NBBRA8KA.—His«tinff«— Hanover, German, 4 10. Kear- 
ney— Bottakio Grove, German (Incl. L. M. Soc'y, 8) 6 90; 
^<BOraafca Cify— Dlller, 5; Meridian, German, 40 cts. 
Niobrara — Wakefield, 1st, 6 48. Omo^— Omaha, Knoz. 
6 ; Plymouth, 8; Webster, 8. 88 96 

Nkw JuwET.—i?/ieal>et^ — Elizabeth, Siloam, 8 89; 
Springfield, 16. Jereey City— Passaic, Ist, sab-sch, 4 98. 
Jconmout^— Tennent, Y. P. S. C. B., 5. Morris and Or^ 
an^— East Orange, Brick, 96 08; Morristown, 1st, 98 68; 
Orange Central, 800;— Ist German, U. JVetoarfc— Bloom- 
field, Ist, 89 67; Newark Park, 14 44. New Brunswick— 
Bound Brook, 88; Kirkpatrick Memorial, 4; Lawrence- 
vlUe, 18; Trenton, 8d, 88 81. JVeurtovi— Beattjrstown, 8; 
Mansfield, ad, 4. 687 » 

Nkw York.— ^iftany- Amsterdam, 8d, 41 06. Bost<m— 
Boston, 4th, 6 75 ;— Scotch, 6. .^rooUyr^— Brooklyn, 
Claason Avenue, 60. ^uiTaZo- Fredonla, 8 ; Portville, 
40. C^mpfain — Peru 1st, 1 84; Plattsburgh Ist, 
80 86. C%«muno--Elmira 1st, 16. Genei>a— Dresden, 6. 
fludaon— Good Will. 1 86; Hopewell,16; Ridgebui7,8Sc; 
Scotchtown, 10; Washingtonville, 1st, 1ft. Long Island— 
Bridgehampton, 80 60; Mattituck, 4 ; West Hampton, 16 04. 
New York-New York, 4th, 91 10;-4th Avenue, 160;— 
Washington Heights, 8 65; -West End, 40. Niagaror^ 
Lockport, 1st, 81 99; Murray 1st, 6 46. North River— 
Newburgn, Union, 85; Poughkeepsle 1st, 14 80. Rochester 
— Ogden Centre, 8 60; Pittsford 1st, 11; Rochester, 
Emanuel, 1 08. £rt.Laiin-ence— Ros8ie.lst,4 90. Steuben— 
Coming, 9 57. fljtfrociiM— Canastota 1st, 10 58. Trow 
—Glens Falls, 87 88; Schaghtiooke, 8 76. ITtioa— Ilion, 8. 
TTMtcAetter- Thompsonvillelst, 80 60. 806 89 

Ohio.— .4tA«iu— Amesvllle, 4 60; New Plymouth, 4. 
BeUefontaine — Bellefontaine 1st, 1 98. Cincinnati— 
Bona Hill, 6; dnoiimati, Mount Auburn, 10; Beading 

16d 



and Lockland, 8. Cleveland — Akron, IsL 8; Will- 
oughby, 1st, 8. Oolumfriw— Bremen, 8; Bush Creek, 8. 
fTuron- Fremont, 88; Huron, 9 60. LinuH-Kallda, 4 76; 
St. Mary 1st, 14 81. Jrafconin9--Canton, 84 80. MaHom. 
—Marion Ist, 16. Steu6«nviUe— Bethel, 10; Two Ridges, 
8. TTooffter —Holmesville, 5; Hopewell, 16. Zanesviue— 
Mt. Vernon, 17; New Concord, 1 60: Norwich, 8. 191 04 
ORBGON-JPortland— Portland Calvarv. 80 55. 80 56 

PsNNSTLVANiA.— Bfajrwille— Blairsviile, 48; Salem, 6. 
Gutter— Buffalo, 8; Centreville Ist, 7; Concord. 8 80; West 
Sunbury, 8. Cariitle-GettysburKh, 1; MiUerstown, 7, 
CAMter— Coatesvllle, 14 78; Fagg^s Manor, 16; West 
Chester 1st, 81 97. dorioM— Mount Tabor, 7 07: New 
Behoboth, 8 08. JSrie-Belle VaUey, 8- Kerr's Hill, (in- 
cluding S. S., 68 cts.), 5 06; Mercer 8d, 18; Venango, 8; 
Westnoinster, 4. ^untinydon— MUroy, 7 50; PhUUpa- 
bunch 1st, 18; Tyrone, 81 08. I^ioA-Slatington, 6 60. 
PfciladeZpAia— Philadelphia Memorial 58 76; —Tabor, 
87; — Wabaut Street. 114 50. PhilaMphia North-Coi^ 
shohocken. 8; Frankford, 11 08; Pottstown (taidudliigS. 
S., a 97), 16 10. Jnttffrurg^— Bethany, 6 81; Chartiers, 
4; McDonald Ist, 15 80; Oakdale, 8S 86; Pittsburrii, East 
Uberty. 88; — Mt. Olivet. 4; — Shady Side, 64; Bed- 
«to»e— Leisenring, 18. WoAftington-Fairview. 9 88; Wash- 
ington Ist, 66 07. TreZ<«6oro— WeUsboro, 6 QfT. West- 
minster—Cedar Grove, 6. 778 17 
South Dakota.— ^locik ITilb— Sturgis, 8. 8 00 
Utah.— JTontafMS— Boulder VaUey, 16 65. 16 66 
Washington.- O^pia— La Camas St. John*s, 8; Akk 
|pan«— Spokane Centenary, 5. 8 00 
WisooNSiN.-JIddiwm-Beloitlst, 11 14. MUwatikee^ 
Milwaukee Immanuel, 10. frinn«6apo— Florence, 6 64: 
Winneconne. 10. 87 68 
Total from churches and Sabbath-schools $ 8,817 M 



OTHKR OONTRIBUTIONS. 



C. Penna., 4; Rev. S. Murdock, Oaks Comers, 
N. Y., 6; Rev. W. L. Tarbet and wife, 80c.. .$ 



980 



$ 8,8rM 

LSOACnS. 

EsUteof MissC.A.Wanl, Newark, N. J 8,000 00 

mSCBLLANXOUS. 

Sale of Church property 498 75 

Plans and specincations 7 60 

Sale of Book of Deslfnis 6 60 

Partial loss recovered 86 66 

Premiums of insurance 846 97 



880 88 



SPSOIAL DONATIONS. * 

Caufobnia.— Lo« .^IfiiMea — North 

Ontario 8165 

Illinois.— Ottatoo— Aurora 1st 8 00 

Indiana.— tftmcie— Wabash 85 00 

Kansas.— Aisoffco—Paola 80 00 

Nsw Yobk.— I7tioa— Lyons Falls 

Forest 8 00 

Nkw York.- I7tica— Oriskany 6 00 

Charles 8. Scott, New Brunswick, 

N. J 80 60 



lis IS 



|7>M8r 



1898.] 



Education. 



153 



C9»irch wMdcHooM and other oontrlbuttons, 8 
months, April to Norember, 1888 . 88,601 46 

Church coUeoMons and other •ontribations, 8 
months, April to NoTombor. 1891 89,601 16 

MAN8JES FUND. 
NbwYobs.— SjyraeicM— Cansstotalst 6 00 

lfI8GXU.AinOU8. 

Installments on loans 1,166 00 

Interest S7 00 

Premtamsof Insnrance 7 fiO 

$1,189 60 



SPBOZAL DOHATIOHB. 

Spedal for worldn Utah 600 00 600 00 

$1,684 60 



If acknowledgment of any remittance is not found tn 
these reports, or if thej are inaocorateinanyitem. prompt 
adrioe snould be sent to the secretary of the Board, eiring 
the number of the receipt held, or, in the absence ox a re- 
oeli^ the date, a$iiount and form of remittance. 

Adam Campbbll, Treanarer, 
68 Fifth ATeane, New York. 



BS0BIPT8 FOB BDUCATION, NO¥BflIBSB» 1898. 



ATLAima — Atiantic —Charleston, Oliyet, 1 60; Mt. 
Pleasant, 1 S8. South JF7orsda-TitusTllle, 8 16. 6 90 

Baltxmobb.— .BaZ^Anore— Emmittsburgh, 80 fiO; Hamp- 
den sab-sch, 6| Taneytown. 18. New CtMifo— Bucking- 
ham, 7 fiO; Wilmington Central (sab-sch, 6 74), 6S 85. 
Wdakington Otto— WasUngton City, Western, 80. 188 86 

Cauvobnia.— Lo« iin^efef— Glendale, 8; Tustin, 8 16. 
OaJdand—Oakland let, 47 86. 68 40 

Colorado.— .Bottider— Cheyenne Ist, 8: Laramie, Union, 
9- I Vw ogr— Denver 88d Avenue, 27 06; Qolden, 6. Pud>lo 
— Cafion City, 19. 69 96 

lujxoiB.— ^Iton — I%enezer, 1; Nokomis, 4. ^loorn- 
in^fon — Bloomington Sd, 76; El Paso, 9; Bossvllie, 6 
O(»lro— Anna, 8: Hnrphysboro, 7. CTitcaoo— Chicago 8d, 
800: Hinsdale* 8 68; Lake Forest, 160 62; Peotone Ist, 
8;! 8); Biverside, 81 68. iYeeporf— Elizabeth, 8; Foreston 
Qroreu 60; Oalena 1st, 18 46. ifoetoon— Ashmore, 7; Mat- 
toon, 9 68. O/tawa— Walthain, 8. PeoHa— Canton Ist, 
18 16; CaldwelL 18; Elmira, 16; Farmlngton, 11; Wash- 
ington, 4. Rock River— Centre, 6; Edgl^on, 7; Qarden 
Plain 1st, 16 48; Munson, 8 60; Newton, 18 68. Schuyler 
—Camp Creek, 10; Elvaston, 6; Plymouth, 1 78; Rush- 
TiUe, 15 68; Warsaw, 8 85, iS^prfniZjSeU- Jacksonville, 8; 
Plsgah, 1 68: Unity, 1 04. 769 77 

Indiana. — Crawfordsville — Rockville Hem'l. 4 91. 
Fori TFayn«— Bluffton, 6; Huntingdon 1st, 8; Lima, 6. 
JfMiuxnapoIif— Franklin let, 14. £o9an«port— Concord, 
6. New Albany— Jeffersonville Ist, 15 80. Vincennee— 
Sullivan, 6 S5. White TTotaf^Knightstown, 7 80; New 
Ctetle. 17 SS. 84 91 

Iowa.— Cectar jRapida— I^ons, 8. Council Bluff B—yLi^ 
souri Valley Ist, 8 48. Coming — Clarlnda, 80. Dee 
JTotne*— Albia Ist, 6 89; Derby, 8; Dexter, 8 80; Humes- 
ton, 8 60; LaureL 8; Mariposa, 4. Dubuaue— Hopkinton 
1st, 12 11; Line Spring. 6 80. /010a— Mediapolis, 16 69; 
Momine Sun 1st, 18 10; Ottumwa Ist, 7 27; Wlnfleld, 6. 
Iowa Cttjr— Columbus Junct., (sab-sch, 8 67), 4 61 ; Daven- 

Krt Sd, 18 61; Unity, 8 60. Sioux (»ty— Vail, 11. Water- 
>— Orundy Centre (sab-sch, 8 08) 9; Kamrar, Oerman, 
10: Tama, 2; Toledo, 4 16; Waterloo Ist, 10; WiUiams. 
6 68. 185 68 

Kahsas.— £^par<a— Big Creek, 8; Mount Vernon, 4; 
New Salem. 8; <!>zford, 6 08: Peotone, 6: Walnut Valley, 
4. iVeosAo— Cherokee. 8; Colony CMlUiken Mem'l), 6 67 
Kincaid, 4 85; Lone Elm, 8 18; Monmouth. 8; Neosho 
Falls, 8 61; Osage Ist, 9 60; Princeton, 4; Biohmond, 8. 
(Mome— Colby, 7 79. fiiolomon— Ablline, 6; Cheever, 8; 
Lincoln, 4; Sauna, 81. 3V>peX»— Riley Centre, Oerman, 
1 60. 107 18 

KsfTOCKT. —£6eneser— Frankfort 1 st, 80 ; Ludlow. 8. 88 

MxcmoAif.— JfTint— Cass City, 6. fafotiuuoo— Sturgis 
1st, 6. Lan«/M— Albion, 86; Oneida, 86 cts. Jllonroe— 
Tecomseh, 87 60. iXoslbetf— Elk Rapids, 8. Saginaw— 
W. Bay City Covenant, 1. 68 86 

MnmnsoTA.— Pu/tifA— Duluth Ist, 40. IfanJbato— Fisk, 
18 40. St. Pa«l— Minneapolis Bethlehem (sab-sch, 4]09,) 
10 78; — Westminster, 186 96; St. Paul 1st, 4 68. 809 98 

UmBonKL—Kaneae CV<y — Butler Ist, 11; Sedalla 8d 

Ssb-sch, 4,) 18 46. OmrJb— Eureka Springs, 6 ; Webb 
ty church and sab-sdi, 80. Platte— Breckenridge, 8 15 ; 
New York Settlement, 8; St. Joseph Westminster. 80. 
St, Lowis— Bethel Oerman, 8; Poplar BlufP, 6; Salem Oer- 
man, 6. 108 60 
NwwAMf i, . —Btutinge^ Holdrege 1st, 6. Keamev — 
BvftaloOroTe Oerman (L. M. S.,) 4. Ndiratka C/ty— DiOer, 
8; Hebron, 7 86; Meridian Oennan, 85 cts; Table Rock, 6 76. 
ifKofrrcnna^Blgin, 8; OakdiOe, 8. OmoAa— Plymouth^. 

Naw Janar— £7Usa6efi^Elizabeth8d,28: — Marshall 
Straet, 86 67; — Westminster, 1. Jereeu CVtv— Passaic, 
4 17. Jfowmotfi/k- Beveriy, 88 08: Farmlngdale, 8; Fr^ 
htM 1st, 88 06 ; Lakewood, 14 86 ; Mahasquan, 18 W, 
Morris and Orange— EtJSt Orange Brick, 47 S8; — 1st, 
88 44; FWrmooiit, 8; Mt, OVtn, 10; Snooasnnna, 16. 



iVei0arJi»— Newark Park, 8 06. New Brunewick—AmweU 
1st, 7: — United 1st, 6; Elrkpatrick Memorial, 8; Lam- 
bertviUe, 46; Stockton, 4; Trenton l8t,2; — Prospect 
Street, 89. ;Vetf7eo9»— Belvidere Ist, 85. tVeet Jereey— 
Bridgeton 8d, 12 16. 456 80 

Nkw YoBK.—^<6any— Amsterdam 8d. 69 ; Broadabin, 

I 95; Kingsboro Avenue, 17 40; Northampton, 10. Bing- 
Aompton -Bainbridge, 11 78; Deposit Ist, 10 66. Brooklyn 
—Brooklyn Classen Avenue, 188; —Memorial, 176: — 
Mount Onvet, 6 90. BuiTato- Buffalo Westminster, 800; 
Fredonia, 10. Cavu^— Kings Ferry, 10; Port Byron, 7. 
CAamp2aii»— Plattsbuigh, 18 00; Chemuni^— Elmira Ist, 
10; Havana, 4; Horse Heads, 11. Cfeneaee — Lerqy, 86. 
Geneva^ Phelps 1st, 88 87. Eudaon— Oood Will, 86 CU; 
Scotchtown. 10. Long /«kitui— Amagansett, 7 84; Matti- 
tuck, 6; Middletown, 18 76: Southampton, 58 58 ; West 
Hampton, 18 04. Lyofw— Marion, 8 46. AOMau— Hunt- 
ington Ist, 87 74; — 8d. 18 84; IsUp^. New Forib-New 
York Rutgers Riverside, 181 88; — Washington Heights, 
8 56; — West, 888 71. JVitooara— Lockport Ist. A 88; 
North River— Ctaxterhury, 7 66; Freedom Plains, 10: New- 
burgh Union, 80: Pleasant Valley, 7; Poughkeepsle 1st, 
8 87; Wappinger^ (3reek, 8 50. Oteego — Cooperstown, 
88 55: Stamford, 80. iZocAester— Brockport, 88 2) ; Fow- 
lervlue Ist, 8 ; Ogden Centre, 1 68; Rochester Brick, 40; — 
Emmanuel, 1 88. St. Latorenoe— Oovemeur, 88 80; Oswe- 
gatchieSd, 6; Potsdam, 16 ; Sackett's Harbor, 8 85 ; Wad- 
dlngton Scotch, 15. /8teu6en— Almond, 1 80; Canisteo 
Ist, 86 : Coming 1st. 5 96: Painted Post, 15. Troy— 
Schaghticoke, 8 91. Utica—JMoa, 5. Weetcheeter—Bri^g^ 
port ist, 96 06 : Oilead, 15 60 ; New RocheUe, 48 46 : 
PeekskUl Ist. 88 04 ; Yorktown, 11. 1,966 94 

Ohio.— Bcue/ontoine— Bellefontaine let, 1 88; Bucyrus, 
18 84. ChiUicothe— North Fork, 8; Salem South, 18 86. 
Cincinnati— Cincinnati 8d, 6; — Poplar Street, 8 ; Olen- 
dale Ist, 47; Sharonville, 8 11; Springdale, 18 ; Clev^nd 
—Akron 1st, 6 ; East CUevelana Ist, 9 60. Columbua— 
Columbus Westminster, 8. Dayton— Blue Ball, 6; Dayton 
4th, 10 ; Middletown 1st, 28 67 : Monroe, 8 60 : Seven 
MUe, 4 07 ; Troy 1st, 16 89 ; Xenia, 11 86. Huron— 
Freemont, 84 ; Huron. 9 50. Lima — Harrison, 2 76. 
JloAonino— Canton 1st, 19 89; Middle Sandy, b 66: Poland, 

II 10. Marion — Berlin, 9; Marion 1st, 10 ; Salem, 8. 
Jfaumse— Toledo 5th, 4. Portsmouth^UuxKing Rock, 4 ; 
Ironton, 10. St. daireville—Bajmock, 4 : Cambridge, 8; 
Farmington, 8 19 ; Mount Pleasant, 6 06; New Athens, 

6 40; Rock Hill, 9 80; Scotch Ridge, 5 14; Short CSreek, 
10; Wheeling Valley, 8 60. Steii&enviUe-Carrollton, 7; 
Long*s Run, 7 88 ; New Hsgerstown, 8 ; tJnionport, 1. 
TTootf/cr^Loudonville, 8 25; Perrysville, 8 80. ZaneaviUe 
—Homer. 6 60; Mt. Vernon, 11; Muskingum, T; New Con- 
cord, 1; Norwich, 1 ; Utica, 18 86; Zanesville 1st. 88 84: 

467 68 

ORSooN.—i\>rf land— Oregon Cltv, 18. 18 00 

Pkhnstlvania.— ^Ue^rAeny— BeUevue sab-sch. 8 89; Bull 

Creek, 5; Evans City, 4; Olasgow, 1 46; Olenshaw (sab- 

sch,.l 85,) 10: New Salem. 8; Pine OeekSd, 4 86. BVaire- 

vOte— Braddock Ist. 81 18 : Oreensburgh Westminster, 

7 50; Irwin, 18 88; New Salem, 86 86; Poke Run; 86 ; 
Salem, 10. Butler— Harrisvllle, 5 10: Middlesex, 80; New 
Hope, 8; Pleasant Valley, 8 16; Scrub Orass, 6. Carliele 
—Lebanon 4th Street, 88 84 ; Lebanon Christ, 116 88 ; 
Mecbanicsburgh, 9 48; Millerstown, 7 66 ; Monaghan. 9; 
Tionesta, 8 88. Cheeter—Brrn Mawr. 88 18 ; Coatesvllle, 
18 91; Oxford, 47 78; Pennlngtonville, 10. Clarion — 
Academia, 4 87 ; Punxsutawney, 6 80 ; Richland, 1 60 ; 
Rockland, 8 85. .^n'e-Belle Valley, 8; Ck>rry 1st, 8 45 ; 
Fairvtew, 8 50; Olrard (Miles Orove Branch, 2 80,) 7 86; 
OreenviUe, 81 ; Mount Pleasant, 8 14 ; Sugar Oeek, 4. 
Huntingdon — Buffalo, 8 70; C*leArfleIa. 88; Lost 
Creek, 11 18 ; Lower Tuscarora, 8 ; MIfflintown Westmin- 
ster. 88 10. mtfanning- Boiling Spring, 8; Rural Valley, 
8; West Olade Run, 10 14; Worthington, 14. Lacleatoanna 
— CJanton, 19; Honesdale 1st, 28 86; Nicholson, 8 ; Scran* 



164 



Foreign MimoTis. 



[FebniatT/j 



ton 9d, 128 09; WllkeBBarra Westminster, SI. LehigK— 
▲odenreid, 80 ; Brainerd, 87 06. Northumberiand-^Mar 
honing:, 10; Hifflinburic Ist, 8; Washington, 18. FhUadel' 
p4ia— Philadelphia 8d, 89 78 ; — South Western, 7 60 ; 

— West Spruce Street, 848 83; — Corinthian Avenue, 7 87; 

— Memorial, 77 ; — Northern Liberties Ist, 7 18; — North- 
minster, IfiO; — OliTet. 70 84; — Oxford. 106 88; — Prince- 
ton, 178 94; — Susquehanna Ave, 40. Philadelphia North 
— Franktord, 16 48; Macalster Memorial, 4,18; Newtown, 
54 64 ; Pottstown let (sab-sch, 8 66,) 84 85 ; Thompson 
18 18. Pittabwrgh—Oentn, 18 12; Charleroi, 7; Chartlers, 
260; McDonald Ist, 8987; Mansfield 1st, 9046: Mount OliTe, 
4; Pittsburgh 6th, 1 ; —East Liberty, 88; — Shady Side, 80; 
Wilkensburflrh, 60 80. Redstone— uunUkp^B Creek, 18 86 ; 
Laurel Hill, 89; MeKeesport 1st, 100: Mount Pleasant Re- 
union, 10: New Providence, 4 60; Smithfleld, 8 11; Sewick- 
ley, 6. Snenanoo— Leesburgh, 6; New Castle lit, 81 86; 

— Sd, 6. WcM^tngton— Buzxettstown, 88 68; Cross Creek, 
87; Fairview, 6 01; Mill Creek, 6 80; Washington 1st, 
66 07. TTaU^doro— Wellsboro, 6 06. ITM^inster^-Orove, 
6; Leacock (sab-sch,) 49cts.) 14 68 ; York 1st. 41 91. 
PkxriiEertbttr^— Clarksbuivh, 6. i^666 16 

Soim Dakota.— Centrai i>aibota— Madison, 6 78. 

6 78 

Tbnnbssbb.— HoMofw-Mount Bethel, 4 90. Union^ 
Hopewell, 8; New Salem, 8; St. Paul's, 1. 10 90 

WASHiNOTON.— O^ymmo— St. John's ch, 6; Willamette 
-Spring Valley, 8 80. 7 80 

WISCONSIN.— £>a OosM— Neillsrille, 8. Ifodifon— Bar- 
aboo 1st, 10 77; Kllboume City, 4 86. JtffZiMifiibee— As- 
sembly, 18; Milwaukee Calvary, 88 70; Somers, 11 10; 
Stone Bank, 8 14. 76 97 



Total receipts from churches in November, 
IMS , $ 7,489 88 

Total reoeii)^ from Sabbath-sdiools in Novem- 
ber, 1898 80 08 

Total $ 7,618 41 

LsaAor. 

Est. Bev. Sam'l Wilson, D. D., Portland, Ore- 
gon, 60. $ 60 00 

OBATITDDB FUND. 

87 60|S. $ 89 50 

DIOOm AOOOUNT. , 

80 85; 61 60; 888 60 $ 844 86 

mSOBLLANBOUB. 



Bev. Qeo. Morton, 8; A friend, 60; Jno. H. Con- 
verse, Esq., 400 ; Rev. A. S. Taylor, 16; C. 
Penn, 8; Rev. W. L. Tarbet and wife, 60 cts. 



470 60 



Total receipts in November, 1892 $ 8,478 7« 

Total receipts from April 16, 1898 69,869 78 

Jacob Wilson, Treasurer. 

1884 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, 



REOSIPTB FOB FOBBION MISSIONS* NOVJEMBEB. 1892. 



ATLANnc—fnox— Madison, 2. South Florida— EntAia 
Y. P. S. C. E., 13 00. 16 00 

Baltdiorb.— Baltimore— Baltimore Brown Memorial, 
248 62; Frederick City. 8; Hampden sab-sch. 10. Wash- 
ington City— Falls Church Bsllston Branch, 86; Wash- 
ington City, 4th, 29 80. 811 88 

CALiroBNiA.— 8e»<cia— San Rafael, 188 46; sab-sch. 
15 05. Los Angeles —GncaanonKBLi 4; Olendale sab-sch, * 
8 80; Antelope valley, 10. Sfodbton— Traver, 8. 168 89 

Colorado.— I>enver— Littleton sab-sch, 6 96. Pu^flo^ 
Cafion City, 94; Rocky Ford sab-sch,* 8 67; Fountain sab- 
sch,* 7 81. 100 74 

Illinois.— ^Itorv— Alton,* 29 11; Bethel, 5; Ebenezer,6; 
Edwardsville,* 16 85; Virden, 11. Bloomington—Fhilo 
sab-sch, 6; RossviUe *6 00, sab-sch, *8 00, T. F. S. C. E., 
*8 00. Cairo— Anna,* 12; Cairo,* 10; Metropolis, 6 15, 
sab-sch, 2 81; Murphysboro, *6 00, sab-sch, *4 00. 
C^tcoyo— Chicago 1st, 106 60-ad,8-8d, 144 80-6th,88 iO 
— 8th. 78 78— Covenant,* 870 66 — Scotch, 18; Riv- 
erside* 60; South Evanston, 80; Hinsdale,* 11 80. Free- 
port— Belvldere,* 50 47; Prairie Dell German. 5; Ridge- 
fleld,* 8 65. Ifattoon— Areola, 6; El&igham sab-sch, 9 64; 
Kansas,* 4. 0£toii»— Earlville sab-sch, 8; Ottawa, 88 58. 
Peoria— Brimfleld, 10. Rock River— Aiedo, T. P. S. C- E.,. 
85; Coal Valley Y. P. S. C. E.,4 68; Dixon,* 8 00; Edging- 
ton,*10 00; Morrison, 877 85, sab-sch, 8 86; Morrison Y. P. 
S. C. E., 11 18; Munson, *5 60: Princeton, 18 69, *41 65; 
Sterling,* sab-sch, 8 88. ScAuy<«r— Carthage, *1 00: 
Doddsville. Y. P. S. C. E., 5; Macomb, *8 10. Bfyringfield 
— Manchester 8ab-sch,2 56; Mason City sab-sch,* 7; Pisgah, 

7 56; Springfield 8d, 159 60; Unity, 6 86; Winchester sab- 
sch. 8 88. 1740 58 

Indiana.— Crato/ord«vtZ2e— Ladoga, 4 86; Rock Creek, 

8 48; Rockfleld, 8 44; Rockville, 88 87; Union, 5 60; 
Williamsport, 2 90. Jndianapotit- Indianapolis Taber- 
nacle Y. P. S. C. E., 85. Jtfuncie— Wabash, Y. P. S. C. 
E., 15. New ^26any— Livonia, 6. Ftnc«nne«— Terre 
Haute Central Y. P. S. C. E., 7 00. White VTa/er— Cam- 
bridge City, 1. 110 64 

Indian Tkiuutobt. — C%«roX;ee JVdfion— Tahlequah, 6. 
CTitctofato-Purcell sab-sch, 8. 8 00 

Iowa.— Cedar 12aptd«— Cedar Rapids Bohemian, sab- 
sch, 8 11; Clinton sab-sch, 40; Mount Vernon, Bethany 
Band, 5: Wyoming, 10 85. Council Bluffs— YmiactL, 86. 
Des Moines—Des Moines Central, Y. P. Q, C. E.. 48 60. 
Fort Doctoe— Paton, 5; Rolfe, 8d, 7 05. Jotoo— Fairfield 
sab-sch, 16. Jotoa C<^— Davenport, 1st, 807 69, sab-»ch, 
8 00; Davenport, 1st, Y. P. S. C. E., 6 00; Sunmiit, 84 60; 
WUton sab-sch, 4 86;- Y. P. S. C. E., 1 75. EUaux City— 
Hospers, 5 00, 689 70 

Kansas.— i^fiporia^Peotone, 6| Wichita 1st Y« P. S. C 
E., 10; Winfield, sab-sch, 7 44. Xamed— Burrton sab-sch, 
8 60; Hutchinson Y. P. S. C. E., 4 07. Aeosfto— Olendale, 
180; Parsons, 100. Sotomon — Carlton . sab-sch, 4 66; 
Glen Elder, 8. 3\o!peX»^LawT«ncei 2; Riley Centre Ger- 



man, 7: Topeka Westminster sab-sch, 8 48; K.C. Central, 
Y.P. S. C.E.,2S5. 150 60 

Kbhtuokt.— LottiMiUe— Louisville4th Y. P.S.C.E., 6. 6 
Michigan.— Detroit — Holly sab-sch, *8; Ypsllanti, 28. 
^int— Gaines, 1. Grand Rapids— Qnnd Rapids West^ 
minster, 17 89. Kalamaeoo^ilei^Y. P. S. C E., *6 88; 
Richland Y. P. S. C. E., 4. Ixinstno— Albion, 80; Oneida, 

6 61. JTonroe-Blissfleld. 17; Coldv ater Y. P. S. C. E., 10; 
Erie, (sab-sch. 1 60.) 1 50; La Salle, 1 75. Saginaw— 
Alpena Y. P. S. C. E., 5; Westminster, 17 90; West Bay 
Cltv Covenant, 95 cts. 186 48 

Minnesota.— i>u{utfc—Duluth 1st, 28 68. Mankato— 
Balaton, 2; Winnebago City Y. P. S. C. E., 8 66. Red 
I2iver— Scotland, 5. St. Ptoui- Minneapolis Stewart Me- 
morial, 56; St. Paul House of Hope sab-sch, Bible Class 
work in Africa, 80 00. TTinono— Claremont, 5. 124 89 

Missouri.— Kan«u City— Butler sab-sch, 8 70; Kansas 
City8d, sab-sch, 116 79. Osarfc-Ebenezer sab-sch,* 8; 
Joplin, 84 85. Palmyra— Milan, 6 80. Ptotfe— Avalon, 
22; Barnard. 81 86; Lathrop, 14; New York Settlement, 
8 60; Parkville,* 15 46. St. Louis-St. Louis West, 15;— 
North,* 5; Webster Grove, 7 50. 276 95 

Nebraska.— f^amev— Buffalo Grove German, 4: North 
Platte. 16 19. Nebraska Ci^— Burchard. 18 85; Hebron, 
14 18; Meridian German, 1 65; York *'a friend.'^ 5. Nio- 
braro— Ponca, 7 40; South Fork, 2 62. Omato— Omaha 
Ut, (sab^ch, 100,) 74 46; — Castellar Street sab-sch,* 

7 79; — Lowe Ave, Y. P. S. C. E., 2 66; Silver Creek sab- 
sch * 48 cts. ; Tekamah (sab-sch, *2 60, Y. P. S. C. E.,* 4 80.) 
1 60; Webster, 6. 268 67 

Nkw JKRSKT.-JSIisadatA— Elisabeth Sd, 882 67; Eliza- 
beth Westminster, 10 00; Pluckamin sab-sch, 4 75. Jer- 
sey Ct^y— Jersey City 1st sab-sch, 45; Passaic sab-sch, 

8 84; Tenafly sab sch, 26. 3fonmoi*^A— Burlington, 26 19; 
Cranbury 1st, 100 10: Farmingdale, 16 68; Fenced River, 
10; Freehold, 86 79, Y. P. & C. E., 8 64; HighUtown,* 6: 
Long Branch. 84; Providence sab-sch.* 2 70; New Gretna.* 
4 06. Morris and Orange— Dover,* 75; sab-sch,* 109 21; 
East Orange. Brick. 888 12; Morristown 1st, 160 80:— 
South Street, Special for Sao Paulo, 19 28: —1st. Spedal 
for Sao Paulo, 19 82; — South Street. Men and Boir'% 
Special Fund, 266 60; — South Street sab-sch,* 71 86; 
Orange German sab-sch,* 9; Summit Central, 606 48. 
iVeioarJb-Newark 1st, 864; — High Street Y. P. S. a E., 
86 87; — Park,68 09,Y.P. &C.E.,25;— Roeeville,861 65; 
— Woodside sab-sch,* 5; —Fifth Avenue, 40. New Bruns- 
wick— "HiUord Y. P. S. C. E., 7; Pennington Harbourton 
sab-sch. 7 88: Trenton 1st, 8 members, 15; — Prospect 
Street, 89. Jvetoton— Belvidere let sab-sch.* 8 18. West 
Jersey- Bridgeton West sab-sch, 84 58; Deerileld sab-scfa^ 
10; Hammonton, 88 01. 8.084 w 

Nkw YoBC-uiaany— Albany 6th. 8, sab-sdi,* 80 00; 
Amsterdam 2d, 178 60; Corinth, 2; Rockwell FaOa, 12; 
Menard^s Bethany, 79. Jginyfcamfofi— Blnghamton, west 
sab-flch, 12. Boston— Newboiyport 2d, 60; Wlndluun 



1893.] 



Toreign MiadoM. 



165 



8al>-flch,* 8 88. Broolc^— Bn>oU7ii 1st,* 161 78, sab* 
■du* 11 SI ; — Greene ATenoe T. P. 8. C. S., 10; — Lafay- 
ette ATonae, 19 84; — Memorial, 887 19; — Mount Olivet, 
8 68; -> Prospect Heights sab-sch,* 8 26: — South Third 
Street, 42 88; - Throop Avenue, 101; — Trinity Y. P. S. 
a E., 7 OS; Edgewater 1st, 10 00, sab-sch, 88 00; West 
New Brighton Calvary Y. P. 8. O. E., 1. Bu#a2<»— Alle- 
gany salvBch,* 1 40; Buffalo 1st, '*a friend/' 2,000; — 
Bethany sab-sch.* 80; — Central sab-sch,* 5 80; — North, 
111 99, sab-sch, 80 47; — Westminster sab-sch, 82 86; — 
West Avenue, 10 46; Fredonia, 18; Silver Creek sab sch, 

8 70. Oayuoa— Genoa 1st, 82; — 2d,* sab-sch 2 00. *Y. P. 
S.C.E.. 1 i0;-8d sab-sch,* 2 60; Owasoo, 15 00. sab-sch » 

9 oa CAamp(ai»v— Chazy, 17. G%«muno— Burdett, 11 40; 
Ehnira 1st, 66;-Lake Street, 6a CoZumb^v-CatskiU, 12 04; 
Windham, 65. GeneMe— Batavla sab- sch,* 8 86; Bergen 
Y. P. a C. E., 15. (?eneoci--West Fayette Y. P, S. 0. £., 
5; ShortsviUe Y. P. 8. C. E., SO. &tidMm--Oohecton, 
4 00, sab4ch, 1 60: Good Will, 5 61; Goshen sab-sch, 60 
Hamptonburgh, 28: Haverstraw Ist, 10; Rldgebuiy, S 85; 
Scotchtown, 50; UnlonTille, 8; Washingtonville 1st, 50. 
Lonn Zriand— Amagansett sab-sch, 6 21; Cutchogue 10 88; 
Greenport Y. P. 8. C. E., 5 78; Mattituck, 8; Shelter 
Island Y. P. a C. E., 82 47. Iryont— AUoway sab-sch. 5: 
Rose sab^ch, 8; Wolcott 1st, 8 54. New Forfe— Montreal 
American. 600; New York 1st, 2,860 85; — Central, 2,060; 

— Christ, 87 71; — Covenant, 258;— Harlem sab-sch, 45; 
— Mizpah sab-sch. 50; — Rutgers Riverside Y. P. Asso. 
for Jaoot Fund. SI 70; — West 83d Street, 100, sab-sch, 
78. ilTui^ra— Lockport Ist (sab-sch, support of Miss 
Murray I50y, Y. P. 8. C. E., for support of Miss 
Murray. 11 12; Wright's Comers, 10. Nmth River 
—AmenU Y. P. a C. E., 11; Highland Falls, 11; 
Newburgh Calvaxy, 12 42; Pine Plains. 15; Pough- 
keepsie (sab-sch 70 87), 58 87. OtM^o— Delhi 2d, Rev. F. 
H. Seely, 60. i2ocftre«t«i^-Brighton, 10; Ogden Oeater, 
11 07; Parma Centre, 7; Rochester 8d Y. P. a C. E., 10; 

— Emanuel, 8 07; — St. Peter's, 188 06; Webster, S8 75. 
St. Lawrence— Ghaumont sab-sch, 5; Oz Bow, 28 81; 
Watertown 1st Y. P. 8. C. IS., support of Mr. Chatterjee, 
150. 5fe«5efi— Coming, 46 09: Cuba, 28 27. Syracuse— 
Fulton Y. P. 8. C. £., 9 20; Liverpool sab-sch, 76c; Os- 
wego Grace, 100. 3Vo«— Argyle, 7; Cambridge, 87 68; 
Fort Edward, 6: Troy westmmster, 47 48. Utica—Jhon. 
15 00; Little Falto. 60; Rome, 84 74; Sauquplt,* 4; 
Yemott Centre, 8 29; WatervUle sab-sch,* 10; WesichMs- 
£er— Bedford 40; PeekskiU 1st, 148 56; Yonkers Ist, R. E. 
Prime, Esq., 100. ' . 11,768 86 

North Dakota.— Biemarcfc—Mandan, 5. 5 

Omo.~^fAen«— Barlow,* 6; Bristol, 18 20. BeZZeAm- 
totne— Belle Centre. 11; Bellefontatne, 8 18; ChiUicothe— 
ChQlioothe Memorial. S: French, 8; North Fork, 10; Union, 
S; White Oak 7. P. S. C. E., 14. Cincinnati-Bond Hill, 
8; Cincinnati Fairmount, German, 8 50; Reading and 
LocUand, 5; Reading and Lockland Y. P. 8. C. E., 6. 
Cfeveland— Akron Y.P. S. C. E., 5; Cleveland Ist, Student 
Vol Soc., 187 50. Doyton^Bath,* 1 50; Davton River- 
dale Y. P. 8. a £., 5; Osbom,* 2. Lt'ma— Kallda, 7 75; 
North Bethel, 2 80. JfoAonitiff— Hanover, 9; Poland, 
48 80. Jforion- Marion ^sab-sch. 87 50), 60: Mllfonl 
Centre, 4; RIchwood sab-sch,* 2 Jfovmee— Toledo West- 
minster,* 22; North Baltimore, 15. A>rtetium<A— Ripley 
■ab-sch, 10. St. ClairsviUe— Cambridge sab-sch,* 6; Crab 
Apple sab-sch, 50 81: Nottingham, 114. SteubenviUe-^ 
Solo, 10; Two Kidges, 8 68: Yellow Creek, 14. Wooster— 
FredericksbnrKh sab-sch,* 22: Fredericksburgh Y. P. 8. 
C. E ,* 6; Holmesville sab-sch,* 8 20; Mansfield 60; Nash- 
vOle, 11 88. ZdnesviUe—JenBy. 19; Mt. Vemon, 18; New 
OoDoord, 7; Norwich, 8: Zanesville 8d sab-sch, 26. 945 21 

OBcaov.—l\>rfkin<i— Portland CSavalry. 21 90; — Chi- 
nese sab-sch, S 65. South Oreoon— Ashland, 5. WiUa' 
me/te— BrownvlUe, 7 75; Crawfbrdsville, 5. 48 80 

Pkvmbtlyania. — AnMheny—AMeghevj. School Street 
■ab-sch for Junma High School, S5. BZotrtvi^ie— Greens- 
buigh sab-sch. 7 15; Johnstown Y. P. 8. C. E. , 15; LIgonier, 
14 80; Munysville, 28; Salem, 5. Buffer- North Butler. 
14. GsWiale—Bumt Cabins. 8: Harrisbur^ Pine Street 
Y. P. a a E., 7: Lower Path Valley* Fannettsburgh 
mb-Kh, 1 92; — 25 08; Upper Path VaDey* 14; J. W. Bid- 
die Memorial*, 4 76i. CAesfer— Ashmun, 26; Bryn Mawr, 
for Mr. Fulton*s House, 500 00; — sab-sch*. 84 96; Darby 
borough sab-sch, 7; Fa^'s Manor sab-sch, 60; Ridley Park, 
Si 67: sab-sch, 40. Clarion— Shiloh, 2; Tionesta sab-sch, 
50. Erie^B.9diej sab-sch, 1 07; North East sab^ch,* 16; 

Stoneboro, 7; Westminster sab-sch, 5 06; *, 8 16. 

H^KrUln^vfoi^— Altoona. Ist. 121 45: Clearfield. 52; Middle 
Toscarora sab-sch*, 4 37; Mount Union, 50: Sinking Val- 
ley Y. P. a O. B., 16 41. JTiftonnino-BoiUngSprfaig, 8; 
Rayne sabsdh. 1 00; West Glade Run sab-sch,* 2 46. 
Loefcatomma— Dumnore, 7 18; Harmony, 97; New Mil- 
fotd, 10 60: Seraaton, Sd, Y. P. a C. B., 106 18. Narthum^ 
berUmd-Qrml Islaiid sab^eh,* 20: Incoming, 48; Sun* 
bvyiabMii,*17. i>Mlatfs^M9-FUKd^uk, 1ft, lab- 



Bch. 60; — 8d, 46 22; — Atonement, 2 68;— Wahiut Street 
Y. P. a a E., 25;— West Sprace Street Y. P. 8. C. E., 26. 
—Gaston Memorial Y. P. 8. C. E., 80 80;— Zion, German, 
4; Harper MemU Y. P. 8. a E., 4 : — McDoweU MemU, 
5 10 ; FMladelphia North — Ambler, through Chris- 
tian 8tewani,'^2 00;' Fox Chase, 86 88; Frankford, 87 46; 
Y. P. a C. E., 4 60; Jenkintown, Grace. 11; Manayunk, 
60. PittOmrgh — Centre, 48 26; Chartlers, 16 60; Fair- 
view, 4; Pittsburgh, 1st sab-sch, 148 04; — 2d sab-sch. 

86 88; — East Liberty, 160; H. C. Ayers, salaiy of 

Henry Wilson, 68 00; 8. L. Fullwood, support of Zia 

Zin Tong, 18 60; sab-sch, support of Hira Zahl, 

12 50; Shady Side, 192. Redstone — BrownsvUle, IS; 
IXunlap's Creek, SO; McKeesport sab-sch, 81 89; Mount 
Vemon, 6; Behoboth, 89; Round Hill, 1. Shenango 
— Clarksville sab-sch, 18 87 ; Neshannock sab-sch, 
100; Rich HiU (sab-sch, 4 00), 20 00; Westfleld sab-sch,* 

7. TTaMin^^ofi— Burgettstown (sab-sch, 6 47), 8 60; 
Cross Creek, salary J. C. R. Ewing, 14; Washington, Ist 
112 14: Wayneeburgh, 14. TTeUeftoro— Beecher Island, 4: 
Farmlngton Y. P. 8. C. E., 2 78; Wellsboro, 88 81. West- 
minster— Union sab-sch. 18 20. 2,987 86 

South Dakota.— .^6ert/e«n—Castlewood Y. P. 8. C. E., 

8. Central 2>alEo to- Miller sab-sch, 8. 9 00 
Tbnnssskb.— CThion^Eusebia, 14 51. 14 51 
TxxAS.-.<4iuh'n— Austin, Ist, 167 45 
Utah.— Jfontono— Anaconda. 4 56; Helena, 1st, 48 46; 

Stevensville, 5; KaUspell, 8 00, sab-sch, 2 50. C7taA— 
Huntington, 8 01 66 51 

Washikoton— Oftfmpia— St. John^s, 5 00. Puget Sound 
—Kent, 6 10; White River, 8 00. iStoolmnc— Spokane 
Centenary' 16 00. 84 10 

Wisconsin.— O^tcpetoo— Chippewa Falls sab-sch, 10 97; 
Hudson sab-sch,* 4 50,, Y. P. S. C. £., 11 00. MiluHiukee 
—Beaver Dam, 1st, Y. P. S. C. E., 2 42; Beaver Dam 
Assembly, 14 14; Cedar Grove, SO; Milwaukee,' Calvary, 
King Sons, 6 25;— Immanuel, 165 51. ITinnebo^— West 
Merrill. 5 CO, sab-sch, 5 00. 244 79 

woman's boards. 

Woman's Board of Philadelphia, 4,784 99: New 
York, 8,445 60; North West, 4040 00; South 
West, 518 99 $12,789 58 

LEOACIBS. 

Estate of D. C. Reed, dec*d,5,700: EsUte of W. 
a Culbertson, dec'd, 1,000; Estate of Miss 
Julia Chandler, dec'd, 27 10; Estate of Alexan- 
der Cook, dec'd, 1,500; Estate of 8. R. Rut- 
ledge, dec'd. 100; Estate of Alfred Benedict, 
dec^d. 200; Estate of Margaret Sloane. deo'd, 
450; Estate of Laura Carter, dec'd, 5,000; Es- 
tate of Susan H. Hoyt, deo'd, 800; Estate of 
Jno. Davison, dec'd. 1,766 74 % 15,948 84 

mSCBLLANXOUS. 

State of California, 1,000; Rev. I. N. Sprague, 
Poultney, Vt., 5; Mrs. L. B. Stone, Llewellyn 
Park, 500; Washington and Jefferson College, 
supportofW.G.McClure, 18 00; Rev. Thomas 
Marshall, D. D., $65; Donald Ross, Spokane, 
Washington, support of U. Sic Kau, 85; 
Friendsln Markleton Sanitarium, 10; " F. M.," 
Montgomery, O., 2 60; Miss. Society of 
Wooster Unlversitv, support of Henry For- 
man,S35 00; Miss Adelaide Smith, Eau Claire, 
Wis., 5; Woman's Missionary Meeting, 
Jamaica, L. L, 5; Rev. Austin D. Wolfe, 
State Center. la., 10 00; Mrs. Thomas Marshall, 
Pittsburgh, Pa., support of 8. B. Groves, 
1200 00; Louis Snoup, Widroon, Pa^^ 5; R. W. 
Sample. N. Y.. 50o. : Mrs. Sarah W. Semple, 
Sewlckley. Pa., 25; E. R. Foranrthe, Greens- 
burg, Ind., support of J. M. Irwin. 100; 
Madison Ave. Reformed Chapel. N. Y., 89 20; 
*'T. and M., 8; " Hapland," 80O; Mrs. Eme- 
line Barker, Homer, Mich.. 50; Brook Sayre, 
6; Julia L. Ozanna Cleveland. O., 100: ** M. 
B. P.," 2; Miss Carrie Pierson, for Mr. Mateer's 
work, 20; Rev. Paul D. Bergen and wife, 
Aledo: HI., 18 51; William Campbell. Lexing^ 
ton, Ky., 50; Rev. J. H. Rankin, Buffalo, Pa., 
for Persian Scholar, 80: "A friend," Spring- 
field, Mo., 5; E. K. Mechlin, Allegheny, Pa., 
2 50; Faculty and Students of Hastings 
College, 50; H. T.Walker, St. Joseph, Mo.; 
100; Miss C. G. Williamson, Philadelphia, 5; 
Miss B. A. R Stocker, Pine Ridge Agency, 
South Dakota, 15: H. M. BarUett, Mont^aain, 

DeL. 80; "ThanWl^^u B: <• ^' ^^ ^• 
W. 0. A., of Parwm^i Oousge, support of W 



156 



Preeimen. 



[jPWniafy, 



O. MoOlore. 97 86; Mn. S. J. H. EaUm, 
Franklin Park, 80: A. D. ▲. MiUer. Buffalo, N. 
T., 100{ MiuH. T. Oockcroft, N. T..6: James 
Rattroj, Raading Oenter, N. T., i; Miss 
Hughes. Watenrilfe, N. T., •! 00: A. D. Jacke. 
Claremore, Ind. Territory, 10; '*0. Penna.,'^ 
28; MlM M. Graham, Afton, N. Y., «8; Rer. g. 
Murdock, 10; J. H. Oonant, Cihester, HI., 10; 
Her. W. L. Tarbet and wife, 8 80: Mrs. B. B. 
Brier. 5; J. D. Lynde, Haddonfield, N. J., 
100; Rev. A. O. Taylor, Japan, 60; Contribu- 
tion through Mrs. Van Hook, IS; T. H. P. 
Sailer, for Industrial School, Sangll, 188 76; 
Mrs. Sarah D. McNalr, Grovtland, N. Y^ for 



Hsinan Hoqrftal, 1,000; Ber. O. W. Seller. 

Total recelpto during November. 1888. $67,890 68 

Total reoeipts from May 1st, 1608, to November _ 

80,1808 288,089 05 

Total reoeipts from May Ist, 1801, to November _ ^ 

WiLUAM I>nLLB8, Jr., 3V««urer, _ 
68 Fifth Avenue, New York (Sty. 

* Offerings on Columbus Day for Foreign Missions In 
the Western Hemisphere. 



BBOEIPTS FOB 



SN, NOTKMBISB, 189S. 



ATi.Airno.— SoutA JPZortdo— Titusville, 8 16. 8 16 

Baltikors. — faZttmore — Baltimore Broadw^r, 7;— 
Fulton Avenue, 6; Hampden sab-sch, 6; Highland, 6. 88 

Colorado.— Pue&Io— Gallon City, 16. 16 

Ilunois.— Btoominoton — Minonk, 10; G%iea(ro— Chi- 
cago 8d sab4Ch, 40;— 8d, 800;— Hapland, 100; South 
Evanston, 86. .FVeeport- Prairie Dell, German, 4; Willow 
Creek, 81 40; Winnebago, 80. Ptoorio— Peoria 9d, 88 61; 
Yates City, 6. fl;prtniz/l«(<i-Pisgah, 8 84; Unity, 1 04; 
WilliamBvme Union, 4 18; Jacksonville. 8. 680 87 

Indiaka. — Orat0/ord»tnU0 — RockviUe Mem^l, 4 90; 
Spring Grove, 23 6a. /ndtatiapolts— Bethany, 6 60. 41 06 

Indian TBRaiTORT. — CAoctaK7— Choctaw Nation, per 
A. T. Hunter, 4 16. 4 16 

Iowa.— Gedar Jtopicb- Anamosa, 7. Cowndl Blvffa-- 

Coming, 6. Dea J^'fie*— Winterset, 90 67. Duduoue— 

Dubuque 8d, 8; Waukon, German, SO. 8Umx CV^— Sioux 

City 1st 6 86; Spirit Lake, 8. lotoo— Ottumwa East End, 

6. lotoa City-Iowa, d^, 45; Williamsburg, 8. 12J 08 

Kansas —Solonum— Culver, 6 86. TopdlMi^Black Jack. 
8 60. J-— ^ gjl 

MioHiGAN.— Detroit — South Lyon, 11 78; Ypsllantl, 
80 86. Grand RapidB—QnLnd Rapids Westminster, 14 64; 
Lanatniz-Oneida, 86 cts. Flint— Marlette 1st, 6; Mundy 
6. flfa{7tnaio— Ssginaw Immanuel, 4. 78 68 

MiNNRSOTA.— ^Piau<— St. Paul House of Hope sab-sch, 
6 25. TFifnona— Owatonna, 10. 16 85 

Missouri.— £dn«a« City— Sedalia Central sab-sch, 8. 
Osarib-Eureka Springs, 6. Platte— Parkville W. M. Soc. , 
4 66. 8t. Louie— St. Louis Carondelet, 6 76 80 41 

NBBRASKA.—£eamey— Buffalo Grove, German. 4. N^ 
brcuka City— Diller, 8; Hopewell, 8; Humboldt, 5 70; 
Lincoln 1st, 40; Meridian, German, 26 cts. Omaha— 
Plymouth, 1, 56 96 

MEW Jbrsbt.— Jereey CVty— West Hoboken, 28. MorrU 
and Orange— East Orange Brick, 68 80; Myersvllle, Ger- 
man, 8: Orange Central; 800; Whippany sab-sch, 18 84. 
iVetoarit— Bloomfleld Ist, 78 68; Newark Park, 9 88. iVeio 
Sruneioicib— Trenton 8d, 50 88. Aetoton— Harmony, 16 88; 
Wantage Ist. 6. 466 70 

Nrw YORK.— ^{6any— Sand Lake, 8 66. BinghatnUm-' 
Binghamton Floral Ave., 8 76. Boston— Antrim, 14 76. 
Sroofclytt— Brooklyn 2d, 122 80; — Classon Avenue, 76; — 
Memorial, 61 16; Edgewater 1st, 80. Bi^olo- Fredonla, 

6, Cayuga —Genoa ist, 16. Chemung — Elmira 1st, 10. 
Geneva— Bellona, 9; Geneva 1st, 84 80. Hiuieon— Good 
Will, 85 cts.; Scotchtown, 6; Unionville, 8; Long I»land 
—West Hampton, 81 76. Lyone— Newark sab-»ui, 80 48. 
ilToeeau— Far Rockaway, 17; Whitestone. 10. New York 
—New York 14th St., 6; — University Place, 570 04; — 
Westminster sab-sch, 50. North jRiver— Little Britain, 
8 85; Lloyd, 8 78; Marlborough, 48 41; Poughkeepsle, 

8 87. Otee^o— GUbertsville, 17. itoefteeter— Dansvllle, 

9 80; Ogden Centre, 1 68; Rochester Emmanuel, 1 08. 
St. LauTrence— Plesis, 8. ^eii6e»— Coming, 5 96. Troy 
— Johnson ville, 8. IZtica^Ilion, 6; Rome, 6 62. West- 
cheater— WhXta Plains, 89. 1.246 96 

Ohio.— Be/Zefontaine— Bellefontaine, 1 88; Crestline, 5; 
Gallion, 18. ChiUicothe — Memorial, 1; North Fork, 4; 
Union, 8. Cincinnati— Avondale, 100. CZeveland— Cleve- 
land Ist, 40. Cofumfrue— Columbus 2d sab-sch, 82 22, 
church, 26 96; 47 48. Dayton — Dayton Memorial. 10. 
Lima— Delphos, 4. ifoAonina— Hanover, 8 15; Triiiiym»^n, 
25. If arion — Marion, 10: Ostrander, 6; Rich wood, 8 50; 
York, 4. ;9teu&enviUe— Yellow Creek, 9. ZaneaviUe— 
Mt. Vernon, 27; New Oenoord, 1; Norwich. 1. 881 86 

pRNNSTLVANiA.— ^ttSff&eny- Emsworth, 2110; Freedom, 

7. B/aireviOe— PamassuSi 71 14; Salem, 6. G%eeter— 
Honeybrook, 15 89; West Grove, 4 70. Huntingdon- 
Buffalo Run, 8 70. Kittanning — Kittanning 1st, 72; 
Saltsburgh, C. E. S.,.'20. Lodbatpanno— Scranton 1st, 
229. iVortfcumfterkmd-^ersey Shore. 14. FhUadOphia— 
Philade l phia 8d, 24 06. FhOad^lphiQ CentftO-Phlladsl- 



B'lia Cohocksink, sab-sch, 15 40;— Mantua 2d, West 
ope, 16 66— North Broad Street, 84 25. PUtabunOi— 
Bethany, 14 85; Ohartiers, 2 60; Middletown, 10 ; Pitts- 
burgh 1st, 8ab>8Cfa, 44 72;— Central, 89 61: -East Liberty, 
80;-Shady Side, 80; Raccoon sab-sch, (7 86) 68 19. Red- 
etone— Smithfleld, 1 25. SAenan^o— Rich Hill, 4; Sharps- 
ville, 4* TTaehinyton-Washington 1st, 56 07. WeUa- 
6oro— Elkland and Osoeok^ 6; Wellsboro, 5 04. Weat- 
mineter— Cedar Grove, 6. 1012 42 

South Dakota.— Central Daibota^Woonsoeket, 4 86. 

4 86 

WisooNsni.— G%ippei0a-^:!hlppewa Falls, 6. La Oroaae 

— Neillsville, 8 40. Winnebago— Wausaii, 61 70. 60 10 



Total reoeipts from churches, $ 4,144 68 

Woman's Executive Committee 1,104 49 

"C. Penna," 8 00 

Rev. W. L. Tarbet and wife, SpringiSeld, 111.,.. 1 20 

J. H.Conant, Chester, HI., 1000 

James T. Imley, Hamilton. Ohio, 5 00 

Mia Harriet G. Curry, Pittsburgh, Pa., 20 00 

Wylie Homer, Grant, I. T., 1 60 

J. D.Thompson. E. Los Angeles, Cal,, 400 00 

"A.W."OhioT. 5 00 

*' T. and M.,'' Chicago. Ill 4 60 

Miss M. B. Campbell Uniontown, Pa. 6 00 

*' A Friend," Poughkeepsle. N. Y ^^ x! 

Miss Martha Graham, Afton ,N. Y., ^.^ 9r 

John Updegraff, Fort Pahner, Pa. ••' 100 00 

L.P. S., Cambridge, Mass. .-... ^«J£J 

Estate of AmellaTKerr, deceased, N. Y 9.206 00 

Transfer church Shenango, fer Board of 

Education, Pa., 8 76 



% 11,288 94 



Directs sent to Cotton Plant, for October. 

Y. P. & C. E., White Lake, Mich..., 10 00 

Chester sab-sch.. Pa 16 06 

L. M. Society Presbyterian Churdi, South 

Bvaston, 111., 80 00 

Students for October and November, Ill 00 

Sent to Scotia, 

Miss CaroUoe Willard, Auburn, N. Y., 200 00 

Sootia CirclA, First Church, New Castle, Pa., 60 60 

B.S.ColweU.Portvme,N. Y., 26 00 

Miss LUEzie French, Clark. Pa 10 00 

H. M. S., Immanuel Churcn,Los Angeles, Cal., 6 00 

Sent to Cotton Plant for November, 

Oshkosh, L. H. M. S., 2 00 

Total directs, .$ 458 00 

Total receipts for November, $16,886 57 

Previously reported 47,606 82 

Total reoeipts to date, 68,688 89 

Reoeipts during oorrespondlng period of last 

yeaf, 68*488 87 

of ! 4,968 96 

J. T. GiBsoir. !i)nea9urtr. 



1893.] 



Some Missicns. 



167 



BKCKIFTS FOB HOUB lOSglONS, NOTEMBBB. 18M. 



Axi.Amo.— iloMald— Lftdaoo, 1. SoiUk Florida— 
CtjMUl BiTer, 28 M. 88 9ft 

BAurmoBM.'^BaUimare^BaiUmion, Boimdary ▲▼enne, 
75;— Fulton ▲▼eone, 10. New Oowtfe -Bucklmglilam, 18 a»; 
Dover, 100; Forest, 80 80; New CasUo Ist, (aab-sch, 9), 
885 68: Stockton Qunby Mem'l, 8 48; WllmingtoiirEast 
Lake Miaton, 8 79. WcuMngton City— Dameatown, 8 00; 
FUls Church (BaUston Branch, 1), 16: Waahington City, 
AMembly, 08; — Gunton Temple Mem'l, 9 85. 665 80 

CALnroainjL.— £«iUe<a~Heald8burgfa, 9 60; Napa Citr, 
888 80; Bhiloh, 5. Lot AngeU»^UM Angelea 8d and sab- 
ach and T. P. 8. a £.,80: — Boyle Heights (sab-ach* 6 65,) 
87 88: —Grand View T. P. 8. C. E., 6 65;Blvera sabeoh, 5; 
Tustin, 18.05. OolKifui— Concord, 14: DauTille add'l, 0. San 
JVtm«iMo— San Ilnancisoo Westminster (sab-sch, 7 60,) 
98 80. iSon Jom— CentrerlUe, 6; LiTermore (sab-sch, 8 85,) 
10. AtocMoii— Madera, 6 86; Sanger, 80. 509 81 

Oou>BADO.— B'OKlder— Fort Morgan, 188 98. Denver- 
Akron, 5; Littleton sab-sch, 6 96. QunnUon—AB^ea 1st, 
18 70; Gunnison, 18. PiceMo— Alamosa (sab-sch, 4 88), 
11 88; Canon City 1st, 94. 871 97 

lujNoiB.— ^tof»— Ebeneser, 6; Jerseyrille Ist. 78; 
Moro, 10; Ylrden, 16. Sloomin^on— Wenona, 17. Cairo 
—Cairo, 11: Muiphysboro sab-sch, 4; Old Du Quoin, 1. 
CAieo^D— Chicago 1st, 890 16: — 1st German, 5; — 8d, 
1800; — 8d, 740^; — Glenwood Ave. Mission, 8 60;— St. 
Ann, 5; —Scotch, 18; Du Page, 88 60; Evanston, south, 76; 
Hyde Park, 199 64; Kenwood Evangelical, 678 90; Lake- 
view, (a friend, 16), 66; Ubertyvflle, 18; Manteuo, 61 ; 
Feotone 1st, 78 87. .FVe^port— Middle Creek, 80: Prairie 
DeU, German, 5; Bockford 1st, (sab-sch, 4 16). 91 68. 
i f a rt oo n - A rcoia, 5; Charleston, 48 88; Greenup, 8; Be<t 
moo, 8: Toledo, 8. Ottotoo— Aurora, 84 91; Eariville, 
(sab^ech, 8), 15; Mendota, 70 45; Oswego, 60; Waltham, 
17. Peoria— Princeville sab-sch, 16 90. Rock River— 
Morrison Y. P. & C. E., 11 18: Norwood, 51; Rock Island, 
Central, 45. Sc^uyter— Busknell, 6; Elvaston sab-sch. 
Thanksgiving Offering, 18. £[^noA«<d— Jacksonville, 
State Street, 108: Linoohi, 41 45; Manchester sab-sch, 
8 80; PIsgah, 5 48: Springlleld 1st, 811 95; Unity. 6 88; 
Winchester sab-sch, 8 88; Bev. W. L. Tarbet and wife, 
8 40. 5,116 47 

IXDiAXA^—FU TTayna— Elkhart, 14. £ooan«port— La- 
porte,88 81. 48 81 

Ihtoah TnuTOBY.— Cfterofcea iVaMon— Clear Creek, 8; 
Pheasant Hill, 5: Pleasant Valley sab-sch, 8 40. Choctaw 
McAlsster, 5: Philadelphia, 1 80. 18 80. 

Iowa.— Cedar Jtogld^— Anawoea. 6 10; Oder Rapids, 
Bohemian 8 11; (jlarenoe Ist, 9; Linn Grove (sab-' 
sch. 10), 90: l4[ons, IS 06; MonticeUo, 8 86; Vinton add'l 

isab-BcA, 54)2(H. M. Band. 16), 101. Comini^— Anderson, 
\l (Xmway, Sharpsbuig Branch, 11 80; Sidney, 8. Couw 
ca Bt«ir«-Shelby, 5 60. Dm ifotnes— Add, 9 75; Colfax, 
17: Dallas Centre, (sab-sch, 9), 88. Fort Dodge— Boone. 
109; Coon Rapids. 40 08; Dedbiun, 8 80. JotM»— Martins- 
80 60; Mediapolis (sab-sch, 8 18), (T. P. S. C. E., 
, 8 85. Iowa C«y— Atalissa, 6 90. Sioux City— 
r, 5 10; O'Brien Co. Scotch, 6. TTaterloo— Greene, 
10; HoUsnd, German sab-sch, 5 80; JanesviUe, 7; Mar- 
sfaalUown. 10; Rock Creek, 966. 687 88 

Kabbas.— JAnporto— dear Water, 6; El Paso, 7 69; Ew- 
ell, 1 08: Indianola, 4; Marion (T. P. &, C. IC, 5) 40jMel- 
▼era, 8; Morris, 8: Feotone, 5; SilverCSreek, 8 80: white 
City, 0; Wichita First, 00;— Oak Street, 85. HigMand-^ 
Highland, 18; IxBriied— Burton sab-sch, 8 66; Dodge 
City 1st, Y. P. & C. E., 5. JVeoefto-Fredonla, 84 60; 
New Albany, 8 80: Weir (^Ity, 8. Os5ome-Colby, 80 08; 
Hays City, salHKii, 8 78; Osborne, 4 76. Solofium— Carl- 
ton, 6 06; Clyde, (sab4ch, 8) 60; Cuba, 8; Glen Elder, 8; 
Lucas, 1. Mt. Pleasant, 10 86; Solomon, (sab-sch, 6) 18 60. 
IVipeipa— (Clinton, 18; De Soto, 8 60; Junction City, add'1,1 ; 
Lawrence 1st, 47 88; Manhattan (sab-sch, 5) T. P. S. C. 
B., 6 60) 8) 70; Biley Centre German, 7; Topeka, West- 
minster (sab-sch, 8 95); (T. P. S. C. E., 8 81) 5 18. 459 00 

KnrruoKT. -iCbeneser— Fslmouth, Ist; 10. LouieviUe— 
Owensbora 1st, 60 60. 60 60 

MiDHHiAir.— De^rot^Ann Art>or,84 86; Detroit,lst,in part 
100;— Bethany, 10 85; EastNanUn, 7; Milan, 5; Tpsllanti 
lat, 18 10. TOnt-Brookfleld, 8 88; Berne Junction, 1 48; 
CMevflie, 1 68; Flint— in part, 60; Elkton, 1 80; Gaines, 1; 
Bhigham, 8; Vaaear, 8 60; Papple, 8 1^ Qramd Rapide— 
Grand Bapfals Westminster, 87 68 XonWna— Albion, 80; 
Homer, 61^ Jackson, 87; Lansing 1st, 44 i Marshall, 11 60; 
Oneida, 5 10. Jfonroe-^Coldwater 1st. Y. P. 8. C. E. 10 ; 
Erie, andaab^h, 8; JonesvlUe, 16 86; La Salle, and sab- 
s^ 1 60 ; Ttenmseh, 81 70. iVtoefcey— Cadillac Ist, 
48 5&. Ai^fnaw— Saginaw Washington Avenue^ 5; West- 
mtaister, 80 10. 606 64 

Miii]nBOTA.^Dulwl^— Brainerd, 19; doquet, 6. Man- 
Mo-Boftver Greek, 18; St. Jmiim* 01^, ^ Ppter% 




Union^; Shetek, 4^el]s 1st, 9 60; Winnebago (Sty, 
86 76; Worthington Westminster, 68. Bed B<«er— Beth- 
any, 5 60 ; Deerhom, 8 85 ; Mafaie, iW. M. 8., 4 85) 15 ; 
Maplewood, 4 00; Sabin, 8; Scotland, 5 88. Western 
CW. M. 8., 10) (Y. pTS. C. E., 1 61) 8*. 8t, Pmd- 
MinneapoUs Bethlehem, (sab-sch, 6 84) 41 90 ;— House of 
Faith, 6 sr?;— Stewart light Bearers, 8; Oak Grove, 9; 
St. Paul Westminster. 6 10. YTtnoiuiF— Olaremont, 7 87 ; 
Fremont (sab-sch, 8 6oj 16 65; Oronoco, 5 87; Owatonna, 
1st, 87 50; Ripley, 8 18; Robertson Station sab-sch, 64 cts.: 
Rochester, 54; utica, 8 68. 895 68 

MmsouBi.- iTaneae Ot<y— Butler 1st, 40; Crelghton, 5 ; 
Holden, 18 10 ; Kansas aty 8d, sabHMh. 86 80. QesrA^ 
Ebeneaer, 18; Eureka Springs, 14. Pioimyra— Centre, 
8 88; Glawow, 9 10; Louisiana, 11. Platte— Lathrop, 8; 
Mirabile, 8 ; New York Settlement, Mrs. Etta Town, 8 60. 
St, Lou<e— Emanuel Gennan, 10; St. Louis West, addi- 
tional, 6; Zoar, 10. 880 78 
NamiAaKA.— fTaetinge— Axtel, 4; Hanover German, 5. 
ICeamey— Buffalo Grove German, L. M. 8., 14: St. Ed- 
wards, 18; Shelton, 7. Nebratika Ci<y— Auburn, 6 40; 
Beatrice 8d, 5; (Goshen, 8 83 : Lincoln 9d, additional, 
1 75; Meridan. German, 1 60: rlatt8mouth,-14 81; York, 
A Friend, 5. Aiofrrara— Apple Creek, 1 : Black Bird, 1 40; 
SoottviUe. 4 60; Wayne, 45; Willowdale, sab-sch, 1 80. 
Oma^— Fremont, 14 88; Tekamah, 9 76. 157 04 
Nkw JERs■T.—£!fica^et^— Basking Ridge (sab-sch. 48 881 
181 68 ; Bethlehem, 11 88; CranCord Ist, (sab-sch, 81) 
98 68 ; Elizabeth SUoam, 6 91 ; Lamlngton, 114 ; 
Plainileld Ist, 57 57;— Crescent Avenue, 1000. Jersey City 
—Jersey (^ty, 1st. Sab-sch Miasionaiy Association, 45; 
Tenafly, sab-sch, 16 48. ifonmoutA— Burlington, 77 65; 
Calvary, additional, 8 60; Freehold 1st, 18 87; Jackson- 
ville, 8 66: Mount Holly, 176 59: Providence, 8 11. Jlbr- 
rie and Oranye— Chatham, additional, 8; East Orange, 
Brick, (sab-sch, 46 85)819 43: New Providence, 9; Orange, 
1st, sab-sch, 100; St. Qoud, sab^sch, 18 85. Newark— 
Bloomdeld Westminster, 1086 00; Newark 6th, 85;— Park, 
61 97 ;— RoseviUe, sab-sch, 50 ;-Wood8ide, 15 75. New 
Brunewick^Amwell United, Ist. 9; Hamilton Square, 81; 
Holland, 10 50; MUford, 86 75; Pennington 1st, (sab-sch, 
7 88) 58; Trenton 1st, 707 14;— Prospect Street, 71. i^Teio- 
ton— Beattystown, 8: Blairstown (sab-sch, 27 48) 8C6 79; 
Danville, and sab-scn, (Allamuchy Mission, 8 78) 5 68; 
Mansfield 8d, 7; Oxford 1st, 48; Phillipsburgh West- 
minster, 16. Weet Jereev— Bridgeton West, sab-sch. 
84 68; Cedarville 1st, 10 80. 4674 88 
New Msxxoo.— &»nto JF*e— Las Vegas 1st, 85 88. 85 88 
Nkw YoBK.—^l6any— Albany 6th, 6 ; Amsterdam 8d, 
166 01 ; Ballston Centre, 6 18; —Spa, %i; Charlton, 41 ; 
Esperance, 84 ; Northampton, 19 ; Sand Lake, 10. 
^in^hamtoffc— Bainbridge, 86; Coventry 8d, 17 64. Bos- 
ton — Newburyport 1st, 40. Brooklyn — Brooklyn 
Lafayette Avenue add'l, 880 ; — Westminster, 811 18; 
Edgewater 1st, 80. Buffalo — Buffalo 1st, ** Br a 
friend,'* 8,000; — North (A. D. A. MiUer 600 90 71; - West 
Ave. 5 81; East Aurora (sab-sch, 18 65.) (Y. P. S. C. E 1,) 
14 66. Cayuga— Fair Haven, 8; Gtanoa 1st, 81; Ithaca 1st, 
990 68; Port Byron, 10. Ckamptain—Chaxy. 10. Chemung 
—Big Flats sab^ch, 30; Ehnira 1st, 60; — Lake Street, 60; 
Havana (sab-sch, 8.) 81; Horse Heads, 18 60; Moreland, 
10; Watkins, 88. Co/umMo— Ashland, 8; CtetskiU, 818 68; 
East Windham, 4 81; : Windham Centre, 60. Oenesee— 
Warsaw (sab-sch, 66 15.) 191. Geneva— Branchport, 6; 
Dresden, 10; Manchester 1st, 14; Orleans, 8 70; Penn Yan 
1st, (sab-sch. 88 80,) 96; Seneca CSastle, 8 61; Seneca Falls 
Ist, 97 86. Hiidaoft— (Chester, 86 60: CirclevlUe, 8; (}ood 
Will, 6 10; Middletown 9d sab-sch, 60 ; Montgomery. 69; 
Palisades, 88 81; Ridgebury, 1 60; Scotchtown, 60; Wash- 
ingtonville 1st, 60. Long leland — Amagansett sab-sch, 

6 81; Qreenport Y. P. 8. C. E., 860; Mattltuck, 8; Sag 
Harbor 1st, 40. .Lvon*— Wolcott 1st, 8 80. Naseaur^ 
Christian Hook, 18; Hempstead Christs 1st, 40 60; Jamaica, 
178; Oyster Bay (sab-sch, 15,) 88; Springfield, 98. New 
7orJb-New York Brick, 1068 80; —Faith, 45: —Scotch, 
160 98. — University Place (sab-sch, 46,) (Bethlehem 
Chapel, 4 40,) 107 88; — West 83d Street Westminster sab- 
sch, 75- ^iobom— Lockport 1st (sab-sch, 60,) 188 48; No. 
Tonawanda North (sab-sch, 5,) 17 60. North River ^ 
Matteawan (sab^ch, 6,) 38 87; Millerton, 8; Milton, 8; 
Newburgh Calvary, 57 06; Poughkeepsie 1st, (sab-sch, 
70 87.) 121 11 ; Smithfleld, 6. OttMO-Delhi ad Rev. F. H. 
Seely, 75; Guilford Centre, 88 86: Shavertown, 5 48. 
12oc^ter— Brighton, 10 54; DansviUe, 871; Geneseo Vil- 
lege (sabHwh, 60.) 860 : Mount Morris, 89 18; Nunda, 48 86; 
()gden Centre, 10 06; Parma Centre, 9; Rochester Grace, 

7 86; — EmmanueL 1 88 ; Sparto 1st, 46 77 ; — 8d, 81 68; 
Sweden, 40; Victor 1st, 82 71. St. Lawrence— AdamBt 14; 
Carthage 1st, 88 60; Gtouvemeur 1st, 149 40; Hanmiond, 
54; Heinelton, ft. Stmibrnk-B^haoat, 1; Ouilsteo, 118; 



158 



Same Missions. 



[Fdn-uart/y 



Oohocton, 4; Oorning: lit, 49 51; Jasper, 11 68. Shrraeute 
—Baldwinsrllle Ist, 88 06; Mexico Ist (aab-ecli Primary 
Class, 60 118; Oswego Oraoe» 100. 3yoy~-Ck>boe8, 100; 
LaxidngburKh Ist, 186^78; Schaghtiooke, 80 77; Troy Lib- 
erty Street, 6; — Second Street, 874 00; — Woodside, 
381 56; Waterford Ist, 62^ 68. Vtica — Clinton, 66 19; 
Knoxboro, 96 88; Little Falls 1st, 18; Redfleld,8; Vernon 
Centre, 8 00. Westcheater—Buguenot Memorial. 810; Pat* 
terson, 140; PeekskiU 1st, U2 68; South East Centre, 10; 
Yonkers Ist per R. E. Prime, Esq., 100; Torktown, 98. 

18,516 60 

North Dakota. — JFVirflPO — Durbin, 9; Lamoore, 11; 
Mapleton, 10; Sanborn, 6. Pembina— Ardoch. 8 10; Elk* 
mont, 8; Greenwood, 9 16; Locke School House, 9 86: 
Webster Chapel, 16 88. 66 48 

Ohio.— ^fAefu — Amesville, 10 80; Beverly, 10; Cross 
Roads, 9 76; Ouysville, 8; Pleasant Qrove, 9 06. BelU/<m- 
fatne— Belief ontaine Ist, 7 41; Gallon 1st, 91 S6: North 
Washington, 8; Zanesfleld sab-sch, 8 49. ChiUtcothe— 
Hillsboro (Sycamore Valley sab-sch, 9 68,) 86 88; Memor- 
ial, 8; North Fork, 10; Union. 8. Cincinnati— Bond Hill, 
9; Cincinnati 8d, 96; — 6th, 88; — CliftCKi, 19 97; — Mount 
Auburn, 46; College Hill. 41. Cleveland- Clereland 1st; 
846; East Clereland 1st 968 68. Co<iiin6u«— Columbus 9d, 
95 57; Darby, 10; Darbyville, 1. Dayton— Bethel, 9; Day- 
ton 1st, 960 04: — MemoriaL 10: Eaton, 18; Jacksonburg, 
8 04; New Carlisle, (sab-sch, 8,) Id. Hnron— Fremont, 86 85; 
Peru, 5 50. l^ima— Ada, 80; Blanchard (T. P. S. a E., 6,) 
66; Bluirton sab-sch, 8 96; McComb (Y. P. S. C. E., 10 50. 
sab-sch, 6 55,) 51 87; St. Mary's (sabnsch, 19 01,) 70 60; Van 
Buron, 10. Mahoning — Ellsworth, 80; Leetonia, 10 58; 
Vienna, 4 95. Jtfdrion— Liberty, 10; Marlon 1st (sab-sch^ 
87 50,) 93 50. Maumee — Perrysburgh Walnut Street, 

10 75; Weston (sab-sch, 9,) 7 88 Pbrt«motit A— Hanging 
Rock, 10 40; Mount Leigh, 7; Portsmouth Ist addl. 181 98; 
Red Oak, 15. St. Ctoimnile— Buffalo (sab-sch, 90 08,) 
66 69 ; Farmington, 1 72 ; Scotch Ridge, 8 68; Wheeling 
Valley, 10. i9tii6entnZie— Bakersville (sab-sch, 9 60,) 8 60; 
Bethel, 40 ; Buchanan Chapel, 11 ; CarroUton, 96; East 
Springfield 1st, 189; Feed Spring, 8 50; Island Creek, 15; 
Nebo, 1 85; New Cumberland (T. P. S. C. E., 9.) 5 60; 
sun Fork (sab-sch, 10 96.) (Y. P. S. C E., 1 55.) 95; Two 
Ridges, 6 96; Yellow Creek, 16. TTootftor— Apple Creek 
(sab-sch, 91 69.) 65 69; Berlin. 1 76; Doyleetown, 8; Lex- 
ington, 90 50; LoudonviUe, 1; Marshallyille, 1; Orrville, 8; 
PerrysTiUe, 1; Savanah, 97 90; Shelby, 11. ZanemriUe— 
Bladensburgh,7 72; Dresden, 7 46; Jersey, IS 50; Madison, 
88; Martinsburgh, 15 48: Mt. Pleasant, 19 64 ; New Con- 
cord, 6 ; Norwich, 9; Utica, 90 ; Zanesvllle Ist, 86 18. 

9,750 67 

ORmoom.—Eatt Oregon — La Grande, 6. Portland — 

Portland Ist, 1,401 86; — 8d, 49; — Calvanr, 19 90. — Miz- 

pah,10. Sout^ Oregon— Ashland (L. M. S., 5,) 14; Wil- 

lamette— Corvalis, k5; Oak Ridge, 5; Yaquinna Bay, 85. 

1.557 95 
PxHHSTLYANiA.— ^/Ze^Aeny^Allegheny Ist Bible School, 
97 84; — Providence, 196; Bellevue, 98; Concord, 2 96 
Hoboken sab-sch, 10; Leetsdale, 119 41 ; Sharpsburgh 
68 46. Blairgville^FtdrtLeld, 67 88; Greensburgh West- 
minster, 86 08; Salem, 5; Unity, 89; Rev. W. B. Carr, 80. 
j&uttor— HarristriUe, 13 19; Pleasant Valley, 6 98; Prince- 
ton, 14. CaWix^e— Mercersburgh, 66 50; Shippensburgh, 
70 55; Woman's Annual Meeting, 10. CA€«ter— Downing- 
town Central, 8; Fairview,18: Honeybrook.76 89; Wayne 
(sab-sch, 64 08), 169 06. Clarion— Beech Woods, Wm. B. 
Ray, 6; Brockwayville, 8 50; Brookville, 28 70; ClarioD, 
95 19. i^ie— Bradford. 61 61; Corry, 12; Erie Chestnut 
Street, 19 15; Fairfield, 8; Franklin add'l, 5; Garland, 
17 86; Harbor Oeek, 9; MilledgeTille. 8: Oil City 1st, 
74 40; Pittsfleld, 10 09; Titusville, 179 96; Westminster 
(sab-sch. 6 96), 10 96. Huntingdon— Belief onte, 160 68; 
Birmingham, Warrior's Mark Chapel, 68 79; CurwensviUe 
(King's Daughters, 5), 90; Fruit Hill, 18 59; Lower Spruce 
Creek, 12 19; Mount Union, 97 91; Petersburg (sab-sch, 5), 

11 95; Sinking Creek, 9 45; Spruce Creek, 90; Tyrone, 190; 
Williamsburgh, 41 43. JTittanniny— Slate Lick, 18 40; 
Srader's Grove, 16 40. Zxxclcau'anna— Bethany, 4 01; 
Brooklyn, 90; Otrbondale, 177 89; Franklin sab-sch, 1 50; 
Hawley 1st, 11; New Milford, 8 50; Rushville. 8; Stevens- 
viUe (sab-sch, 5), 14; Towanda ist, (sab-sch, 60), 180; 
Troy, 64 88; Wyoming, 4; Sarah C. Adams, 6. Lehigh- 
Bangor, 5 16; Easton, Bralnerd, 579 85: Mahanoy Citj, 
Y. P. S. C. E.. 8 95; Mountain, 11 69: Reading 1st, 77; 
South Easton Y. P. S. C. E., 10; Upper Lehigh. 17 69; 
Ladies, 10. Abrt^umberland- Bald Eacle and Nittanv, 
8 88 ; Berwick. 90; Derry, 4 95 ; Hartleton, 6 ; Mahoning (sab- 
sch, 15 47), 17 47; New Columbia, 7 50; Sunbury sab-sch, 
18; Washington sab-sch, (AUentown sab-sch, 1 86), 6; 
Ladies, 11. i^irAeersburg^— (Harkesburgh, 8 66; French 
Creek, 4: Hughes River, 9; Lebanon, 8 96. PhOadelphiq 
— Philadel]^ 10th, UM; — Evangel, 99: HoOond 
Memorial, «; — MoDoweU Mem'L 4 68; — South, 16; 
^ Tabwaacte, 600 fl; — Woodland, 1100 16. ^Oohook* 



sink, td Street Mission, 6 «h ^ Covenant, 94; — 
Susquehanna Avenue, 40. Fniladelphia North — 
Ambler, 9; Carversville, 8 14; Chestnut Hill, 169; 
Doylestown. 68 98 ; FranKford, 87 46 ; (3ermantown, 
Reaeemer (sab-sch, 14 66), 09 95; Leverington sab-sch, 
10; Morrisville. 6 60; Springfield, 10. PitUburgh^BtiXh' 
BXLjt 91 88; Cannonsburffh 1st, 98; Cannonsburgh Cen- 
tral, 91 50: Centre sab-sch, 46: Chartiers, 15 50; Lebanon, 
75: Miller's Run. 18; Mount Olive. 10; Pittoburgh Ist sab- 
sch, 186 89; — 8d. 800; —4th, 67 95; — 6th. 177 50; — East 
Liberty, 56(; — McCandlees Ave., 5; — Shady Side, 196; 
Raccoon (sab-sch, 5), 84; Wilkinsburgh, 205. Redttone— 
Dunbar (sab-sch, 10), 61; McKeesport list, 800; Scottdale 
(sab-sch, 1 71), 88; Uniontown, 961 50; Friends, Markleton 
Sanitarian, 6. SAenan^o— Clarksville, 29: Little Beaver 
sab-sch. 19 16; Neshannock sab-sch, 100; New Castle 1st, 
86; — 9d. 98 50; Sharon, 84 88; Transfer, 8; Unity, 80; 
Westfleld, 156. ITaAAington— Burgettstown (sabsch. 
86 19), 106 19; Cross Cre^. Mary Vance, 10; Forks of 
Wheeling, 106; Upper Buffalo (sab-fch. 7 10), 199 80; 
Washington 1st, 100 98: Wheeling 1st. 55 88; — 8d, 15. 
TTeilAboro— Elkland and Osceola, 67; Farmington (Y. P. 
S. C. E., 9 09). 7 15: Tioga, 4: Wellsboro, 81 99. Wegt- 
min«ter— Chestnut Level, add'l, 10; Middle Octorara 11; 
Union sab-sch, 18 90; Wrightsville, 19; York West- 
minster, 10. 10,996 95 

South Dakota.— Aberdeen— Andover, 8; Britton sab- 
sch, 89; Holland 1st, 8 55; Huffton. 1 95; Leola, 6 50; Pem- 
broke, 6 50. Central DaJboto— Endeavor, 9; Union, 8. 
Southern DaJIpota— Scotland, 7 50. 70 80 

Tknkusbii.- Ho2«ton— Chuckey Vale, 9; Lamar. 8. 
jrin<r«ton— Chattanooga, Ft. Chatham Chapel. 1 08; Piney 
Falls, 71 cts. CTnion— New Providence, 86; Shannondale. 
98 111 66 85 

Texas.— ^itfttn— Rev. C. F. Richmond. 95. North 
7exa«— Denison 1st, 96 66. TVinity— Waskom, 10. 61 66 

Utah.— ifontano— Anaconda. 7 50: Boulder. 20; Deer 
Lodge, 67 95: Philbrook. 1. ITood iZiver— Bel levue. 7; 
Boise City (sab^h, 6), (Y. P. S. C. E., 5),80; CaldweU. 10; 
Nampa, 10. 159 75 

Washihgton.— OZympia- Hoquiam, 4; Montesano 1st, 
88 50; Tacoma «d, Y. P. S. C. E., 8; Wynooche, 6. Paget 
S^nd— Ballard, 4 47; Lake Union, 9 46; Seattle, Cal- 
vary* 5 15. iSpoJkane- Ctoeur d* Alene, 6 60. 75 17 

WisooNSiN.-C^ippeuNi— Ashland. Bethel, 6; (^adotte, 
6; Chippewa Falls Ist, (sab-sch, 1097), 87 19; Hurley, 11 81. 
Jtfddiaon— Beloit 1st, 56 69; Madison St Paul's: German, 
5 50; Middleton, German. 1 50: Pierceville, 7. Mtluiaukee 
—Beaver Dam Assembly, 19; Milwaukee Immanuel, 
163 62. Winnebago— BvAalo, 14 50; Little River, 9 60; 
Neenah (sab-sch, 15), 95 04; Packwaukee, 5 60; Stiles. 
9 50. 497 28 

Woman's Executive Committee of Home Mis- 
sions $16,147 18 

Less amount refunded to Hays City C9iurch, 58,008 16 
Osborne Presbytery 9 74 

Total received from churches $ 57,996 42 

LBOACIXS. 

Legacy of Rev. D. Reed, dec'd, late of New 
(Sutle, Pa., 9,860; William 8. Chilberston, 
dec'd, late of New Albany, Ind^ 1000; Miss 
Julia Chandler, dec'd, late of Chicago, 111., 
97 10; Mrs. Grier, late of Elkland, Pa., 1-10, 
95; Alexander Cook, dec*d, late of Cottage 
Grove, Wis., 1,500; Margaret Sloan, decM, 
late of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 450; Laura Car- 
ter, decM, late of Geneva, N. Y., 5,000; Susan 
H. Hoyt, dec'd, late of Stamford, Ct., 200; 
Mrs. E. Spangler, dec'd. late of Edgerton, O., 
190 60; Miss CSalista M. Bessac. dec*d, 95; 
John S. Davison. dec*d. late of Cranbury, N. 
J., 1,766 74; Louisa M. Gardner, dec'd, late of • 
East Hampton, N.Y, 787 55 % 18,751 99 

mSCBLLANEOtTB. 

Unknown, 1; F. M., Montgomery, O., 9 50; Rev. 
Wm. Drunmiond, Stone Bank, Wis., 50 cts.; 
Donation from a friend, 80; Mrs. Sarah W. 
Semple, Sewickly, Pa., 95; Mrs. Jane M. An- 
derson, Bellalre, 0.,5; "T. and M.", 8: "Hap. 
land,'' 800; Mrs. Emeline Barker, Homer, 
Mich., 50; M. L. Roberts, Brooklyn, N. Y., 60; 
Brooks Sayre, Summit, N. J., 5; Rev. I. S. 
Lord, Lainsburg, Mich., 1; *' C. Penna.," 14; 
Miss Martha Graham, Afton, N. Y., 8; Rev. 
S. Murdock, Oaks CJomers, N. Y.. 10; J. H. 
Conant, Chester, Dl., 10; Mrs. Edwin G. Beji- 
edict, Cleveland, O., 1; M. E. Potter, Brook- 
lyn, 9; a friend of MlHkms. special for New 
Hexlooy 80|,M«jor WetlierUl, Byncumb, N, 



1898.] 



Home Mission Debt AccounL 



159 



Y.. 1: " IL 8. a," 600| " L. R. F.," 600; A 
friend. La Forte, Ihd., 16; Mrs. 8. J. M. 
Eaton, FftmUin, Pa., 80; " L. B.," 6; " A be- 
Uerer in HiMions," 600; A friend through 
BeT. John Hall, D. D., 260; Sabbath-school at 
East Bloomfleld, N. Y., 16 68; " A. E.." 70; 
Friend, Loganaport, Ind., 6: A friend who 
loTes MisBions, 20; A. D. A. Miller, Baffalo, 
N. Y.. 100; Ithaca, N. Y.. 90; A beUever in 
Miaslone, 600; J. W. Parks, Bouth Haren, 
Kana., 86; Octogenarian, Ashland, N. Y., 8; 
Bey. A. O. , Taylor. Japan, 20; Mr. and Mrs. J. 
a Brookmit, Cedar Bapids, Iowa, 26; Sab- 



bath-school of Montloello, Minn., 1 66; E. 
Sterling Elr, Buffalo, N. Y.,8S 76; Interest 
on John C. Green Fund, 626; Interest on Per- 
manent Fund. 80 % 8,818 82 

Total received for Home Missions, November, 
1802 $76,668 28 

Total recelTed for Home Missions from April 1, 

18B2 806,664 68 

Amount . received during same period last 
year 864,496 80 

O. D. Eaton, Treaturer^ 
Box L, Station D. 68 Fifth Avenue, New York. 



lUEBCEIPTS FOB HOMK MISSIONS, BEBT AOGOUIfT, NOVISMBKB, 1899. 

Atlamtio.— &>tt^A lP|orid«H-Up8ala, Swedish, 2 60. 2 60 /olo— Dunkirk sab-sch, c, 2 46. Cayuoa^Oenoa 2d, c, 

BAiAi]Coi».—Ba2timor0— Ashland sab-sch, 1 21; Balti- 4; — 8d, c 6; Ithaca 1st. 76. C^ofitptom— Plattsburgh 

more Aisquith St., Cjl6 61|--0entral sab-sch, 16 61 ; ^La 1st Y. P. S. C. E., 10. Ofc^mung— Elmira 1st, c, 187 &. 

Fayette Square c, 20; — Westminster sab-sch, c, 8 08; (TeneiHS— Bellona, c. 17. Hiwlton— Hamptonburgh and 

Waverly c, 17 70. 80 26 sab-sch, 18; Mount Hope (sab-sch, 8 20.) c, 14; Ridgebury, 

GALiroBXiA.— 2>M ^ni/eZet—Orange 1st, 16. Sacra- c, 8 60. Long Island— Marion, c, 2 66. AoMau— Astoria 

m«iito— Rosevflle (sab-sch, 2 10), c, 21 60; Sacramento sab-sch, c, 14 60. New York^lHew York, Madison Avenue, 

Westminster, Csab^sch, 2 76), c, 27 75. San Jom— Mon- c, 166 80; University Place, c, 45. North River— Fleasant 

tery Ist, 7; Wrieht Highland, c, a 80 26 Valley and sab-sch, c, 8 76; Poughkeepale Ist, c, 109 82 

Catawba.— I^odMn— Bowers Chapel, c, 2 60; Freedom 12ocAe«^«r— Brighton (sab-sch, 6 87), Allen's Creek sab-sch, 

and sab-sch, o, 4 20. 6 70 2), c, 18 46; Mount Morris, c. 8 85; Ossian, c, 8. Steuben^ 

Colorado. — Bou2(ier— Qreeley, c, 16; Rankin, c, 7 25. Cuba, c, 25 16; Woodhull, 4 80. iS;^acu«e— Mexico, c, 40; 

PaeMo— Oafion City Ist sab-sch, c, 107; Pueblo Fountain, Oswego Orace, 44 46; TVoy— Warrensburg, c. 40 06. TTest- 

c, 2 10. 181 75 c^^tey^Port Chester sab-sch, c, 8 21 ; South East, C|6. 

Illuvois.— ^Itonr-Alton Ist, c, 84 21; EdwardsviUe, c, 879 70 

16 25: Plainview, Mrs. A. R. Edward, son and two NoBTHDAKOTA.—Plem6»na— Milton, c, 2; Osnabruck, c, 
daughters, 10. Bloomiviffton— Clarence sab-sch, c, 8 60. 8 60. 6 60 
Co^ro— Anna, c, 18; Cairo 1st, c, 10; Murphysboroi c, 6. OHio.—^tA«iu— Barlow, c, 5; Logan sab-sch, c, 4. BeUe- 
Chioago—Ctitoerj\ c, 8; (Chicago 10th. c 25; —Covenant, /ontoin«— Belief ontaine 1st c,82 84; Forest, 5: (3allion 
546 07; Harvey Y. P. S. C. E.. c, 16 60: Hinsdale, c. 11 80; sab-sch, c, 21; Mount Blanchard, 2. Cineinnatt—dncin- 
Marwood, c, 4; Riverside, c, 21 77. in^eeport— Belvidere, nati 8d, 10; — 7th, 26; — North, c, 29 87; Reading and 
c, or 60. ifattoofi— Ashmore, c, 10: Kanffsn. c, 4. Ottatpa Lockland, 6. Olevetoiul— Ashtabula, 1st c 8 79. Dayton 
—Troy Grove, c, 6. Rock River— Dixon^ c, 81 28; Edgings —Dayton 4th, 25. Huron— Fremont, c, 26. Maumee— 
ton, c. 44; Munson, e, 10: Princeton, o,41 o6; Bock luand Toledo Westminster, 22; West Unity, c, 10. SteubenviUe 
Broadway, c 15 80; Sterling sab-sch. c, 2 88. Schuyler-^ — Bakersville, 6 40; New Hagerstowa, c, 2 26. Wooater^ 
Carthage add!., c, 2; Kirkwood, 11 91; Macomb, 14 16. Savannah sab-sch, 22 58. Z(»ne«viU«— Bladensburgh^S 74; 
JS^'ngr/teld— Greenview, c, 19. 1,007 97 Martinsburgh, 6 62. 271 OS 

I]rDiANA.—£»oi7a7U!porf— Union, c, 8 06. White Water— Oioiaoif.-South Oregon— Ashland sab-sch, c, 11; Wil 

CSarksburgh, c, 15 58; Kingston, cJiSl 89. 69 96 lamef te— Yaqulnna Baj, c, 9. 20 

Ihdiak TkRsrroBT.— MiiMoyee— wewoka, c, 2. 2 Pemhstlyania.- CarcwZe— Gettysburgh sab-sch, c, 18 81 ; 

Iowa.— Cedar iBapidt— Atkins, 4 50; Mechanicsvllle, c. Middle Spring sab-sch, c, 12 88. CAexter—Fairview, c, 6 90. 

10. Council B<u#«— Hamburg, c, 2: Missouri Valley and JVie— Bradford Ist sab-sch, c, 26 98; Erie. Chestnut 

sab-sch. c 16 90. Fort Dodge—hohrvllle sab-sch, 8 29. Street Y. P. S. C. E., 8 25. fiun^tHKton— Williamsburgh 

fotoor-WapeUa, c, 6 10. Iowa Oity— Davenport 1st, c, sab-sch, c, 12 94. Kittanning—SltAe Lick. 11 60. Lacka^ 

17 05; Wilton, c, 6. Sioux City—YaH, 66. Waterloo— toanno— Honesdale Ist sab-sdi, c, 88 82; Montrose (sab- 
Qrundy Centre, 10; State Centre, c, 16; Tama sab-sch. seh, 8 80), c, 88 82. Wyoming Y. P. S. C. E., c, 4. 
1 61; Waterloo 1st sab-sch, c, 40. 148 iVbrt^ifim^tfrland— Berwick, c, 40. Philadelphia North— 

Kansas. — £mporia— CflearWater, 1; Melvem, 2. High- Ambler, 4. PtfMmrj^^—C^annonsburgh Central sab-sch, 

land— AzteU c. 18 16: BaU^yville, o. 12 87. Neoeho—Co- 4 62. SAenanoo— Westfleld sab-sch, c, 7. Washington— 

Iambus, 7; Fort Scott 3d, o, 4; Princeton, c, 6; Rich- * C9aysville c, 20. 287 42 

mond, c 4. Osborne— Bow Creek, 4; Long Island, 4 46: Sodth Dakota.— Central Dakota — Beulah c, 6 46; 

PMlUpsburg 1st. c, 6. 68 99 Howell, c, 2 7 46 

Kcmtuckt.— TVaiMiflvanta- Harrodsburgh Assembly TnnnEsssB.— Hobton— Jonesborq, c, 10 20; Salem sab- 

lab-sch, c 6 18. 6 18 sch, 12. ITnioYt— Hopewell, 2; Mt. Zion. c, 8; St. Paul's, 5. 

MioHiOAif. — Z)efrott— Detroit Trumbull Avenue sab-sch, 87 20 

C 45: — Westminster sab-sch, c, 20 24: Holly, c, 10. Lake Utah.— Utah — Corrtne, c, 1 60; Box Elder, c, 2 86. 

<Siipen'or— Iron Mountain 1st. c, 6 07 Laneing — Brook- Wood i?»ver— Malad, c, 8. 7 85 

lyn, c. 6: Oneida sab-sch, c, 4. Sdoinaio— Saginaw E. S. WASHmaroN.— i^i^et Sound— Port Townsend Ist, 8 85; 

Ist. c 26 76. 117 06 White River (sab-sch, 2 10, Y. P. S. C. E., 2 86), c 19. 

MiNNasoTA.— IfanJbato— Fulda, c, 4 97; Madelia, c, 7 60; 27 86 

St. James, 8. Red River— Ued Lake Falls, o, 18 86. St. WiBcovsa.—Chippewor-Weet Superior Steel Plant, c, 

AkuI— Minneapolis Andrew, a member , c, 1. Winona— ft BO. La Orosee — NelUsville, c, 4 M. Milwaukee— Wlr- 

Alden, c 6 87; Austin, 4 ; Claremont, 8 20; Ripley, 2 40. waukee Calvary, c, 160. 166 84 

47 99 Less amounts transferred to Home Missions 

Missouri.— £bm«M Ciiy— Butler sab-sch, c 4 95. St, from Los Angeles 8,888 11 

Louie-jy^ Soto, 10; Rolia, 5; St. Louis North, c, 10; — Pres^tery Los Angeles, 8d ch, sab^ch and 

West, 101 12. 181 w Y. P. S. C E.. .••..•...••.....•....... •«.....• 80 00 

NBBRABKA.—Hi(Mftn0x— Hanover German, 5; Nelson, c. Amount refunded to Foreign Missions from 

10 16. Nebrtuiha Oi<v— Bennett, c, 12; Palmyra, c, 8. Watervllle sab-sch, Utica Presbytery 11 00 

Tamora, c, 8. OmoAo— Omaha 1st German, c, 10 ; — 

Kboz,c 86;— Southwest, c, 18; Sliver CSreek (sab-sch, 48 Total received from churches $ 8,807 11 

cts.)c,79ct8. 102 96 

Nbw Jkbsxt.— fiZini6«eA-PInckamin sab^ch, c. 4 75; misosllaiwous. 

Springfleld, c. 12. Jeraey City—OmrAeid Y. P. S. C. E., c. 6. Miss K. D. Stewart, Abington, Pa., 10; ** From 

Ifonniou^fc- Beverly sab^ch, c, 18; Manalapan, c, 18 90; a friend,*' 6; "An aged lady," 2; **H.,**6; 

Mount Holly, c, 24 41. Morris and Orange— Boanttm^ 1st Mr. and Mrs. John w. Keeee, Cortland, N. 

nb-sch, e, 16. New A-un«io»cfe— Kirkpatrick Memorial, Y., 500; A friend of the cause in Bellefonte, 

C 7; Trenton Prospect Street, 20. VTetf Jersey— Janvier, 6; *'M. W. G.,''2 $ 629 00 

c, 8 17; Williamstown, c, 8 08. 128 26 Total received for the Home Mission debt, No- 

Nkw Mxxioo. — iiWa^ma — Tombstone, c, 12 60. Rio vember, 1892 $ 4,886 11 

(Trande— Las Cmoes 1st, c, 8 26. Santa Fe—J. P. Ortega, Total received from the Home Mission debt 

N. M., 12; R. Blea, N. M., 8; A. A. Maes, N. M., 6; Juan from July Ist, 1892 18,94127 

Y. Martines. N. M., 5; Juan L. Torres. N. M., 6. 60 75 O D Eaton Treasurer 

^?'^7°?J-"'i^"?*'*^~^?r^&,*^5'®¥*^^lf**5 Box L, Station D. ' M Fifth Avenue, New York. 

■ch,c4; Stephentown, c 2 60. Binghafnton—Oovt\and ^ i 

L. H. M. 8oe*y., 48 50. Boffon— Portland, e. 18 20. Brook- Note.- All items marked '*o" were contributions on 

iya— Brooklyn Arlington Aveniie Y. P. 0. 0. B., c, 6. Buf- Columbian Home Ifisslon Day, October 9, 1092, 



160 



SwterM&im—N. T. Synodical Aid Fund—Mnislerial Itdief. [Februartfy 



BBOKIFTB FOB SUSTBMTATION, KOYBMBEB. 189S. 

iLLnroiSi—OfteHMi— Waterman, 8. Rock ll<««r— Rook Total rsoelred for SastenUtion, Noyember 

Idand Central. 8 60. ^pHfio/teld-PlMah, 1 OS; UnitT. 18M 88 41 

81 cts.; Rev. W. L. Tarbet and wife, 40 eta. 8 10 Total reoetred for Sustentation from April 1, 

MiOHioAir.—lxxiutnih— Oneida, 17 1898 8,888 89 

MisaouRi.— -ITafMaf CV<y— Sunnj Side, 8. 8t, Loui*^ 'Amount reoeiTed during same period last 

Zoar, 1; Emmanuel, 1. 6 00 jear. 1,168 68 

Nbbkaska.— iVebrMfea CJtv— Meridian, German, 06 

Xkw JaBSKT.—iVetoton— Wantage 1st, 6 00 O. D. Eaton, Treamarer, 

OnraoN.— Tr<l/am«tte— Taquinna Baj, 6 00 Box L, Station D. 68 Fifth ATenne, New York. 



RECEIPTS FOB KEW TORK 8TNODICAI. AID FUND, NOTBHBBB, 189S. 



.<41&any— Sand Lake, 18; Albany 8th, 8; Amsterdam fd, 
108 25. ^M^m— Newburyport let. 9 40. Brooldyn— 
Brooklyn South 8d Street, 68 44. BHtToJo— Fredonia. 8. 
Cayuga— Tair Haven, 8. Ckamplain—ChBi^, 8. Che' 
mun^— Blmira let, 8. 6(eneva— Gfenem Ist, 98 18. Bud- 
•on— Greenbush, 8 40: Nyack Ist, 90; Good Will, 17 eta. ; 
Scotchtovm, 10; WashingtonTllle 1st, 80. Long Mand— 
Westhampton. 81 61 : Mattituck, 6. jLyoiw— Joy. 8. N<u- 
•aii— Oyster Bay. 28; Far Rockaway. 88. New York— 
Christ, 6: West End, 28 50; Fourth, 91 10. North River 
—Pine Plains, 7; Poughkeepsle 1st, 1 78. Rochester— 
Ogden Oentre, 84 cts.; R. Emanuel. 77 ots. 8t. Lawrence 
—Hammond, 19; Chaumont, 10. fifeufren^Campbell Ist, 
10; Coming 1st, 1 80. iSlyrocuM— Hannibal, 18 60. Troy— 



Troy. Liberty Street, 6. CTMoo— BoouTiUe, 18 17. Weat- 

Chester— BUanlord, 48 06. 

Total from churdies 



lattcmuAXKOOB. 



810 41 



Rey. S. Murdock, Oaks Comers, N. Y., 6 00 
Total received for New York Synodical Aid 

Fund, Not., 1899 816 41 

Total reoeived for New York Synodical Aid 

from April 1, 1898 6,116 98 

Amount received during same period last year 8,089 06 

O. D. Eaton, IVecMtcrsr, 
Box L, Station D. 68 Fifth Avenue, New York. 



BBOKIFTS FOB mHIBTlSBIAI. BELIBF, NOYEMBEB, 1899. 



BiiLTiMOAB.— BoJMmors—Baltimors Boundary Avenue^ 
41 57; — Brown Memorial, 198 06; Tanmrtown, 88 86. New 
Castle — Wilmington Gilbert, 1. Washington City— 
Washington aty 4th add'L. 11. 819 49 

CAUroRKiA ^Los Angeles— Jjom Angeles, 8d, 8; Rivendde, 
Calvary, 18; Santa Ana 1st, 16. ^ocftton—Stockton, 1st, 
88 80. 64 80 

Colorado.— Moulder— Rankin, 8. Denver— Denver 88d 
Avenue, 80 88; — Central, 189 88. Pue&to— Cafion City 
Ist, 28. 864 06 

iLuifois.— ^Zton— Yirden, 6. Bloomtiu/f on — Bement 
1st, 16 88; Bloomington 1st, 88 09; Normal, 10 48; Philo, 
7. Cairo— CarterviUe 1st, 3 50; Dubois, 1; Fairfield 1st, 
6 86; Flora, 5 60. C^tco^o—Chicago 8d,860; — 6th. 60 78; 
Oak Park Ist, 190 17. ^eeporf— Prairie Dell, German, 
6. Ma^tooa— Assumption 1st, 10 78; Pleasant Prairie, 
10 40; Vandalia, 7. Ottoims— Waterman, 8. Rode River 
—Newton add'l., 85 cts.: Princeton, 14 88. S^uvler— Ply- 
mouth, 8 86. apHngfield — Pisgah, 1 08; Unity, 1 87. 

674 96 

Indiana. — CrawfordsvUle — Rockville Memorial 8 88. 
Fy)rt Wayne— Vori Wayne 1st, 108 45. Muncie— Union 
City. 6. New Albany— JettermmrlXie 1st, 15 60. Vincennes 
Claibome, 8. 189 78 

Iowa.— Comin0-<!larinda, 86. CouncU BZujT*— Mis- 
souri Valley, 6. Des Jtfbine*— Grimes, 7 85; Newton, 81 81. 
Iowa CVty—Summit, 6; Unity, 4 60. TTaterloo— Dysart, 
4. 78 66 

Kansas.— .Knporfo—Peiibodj, 81 88. iVeosfto— Chanute, 
6 44; Fort Scott 1st, 80; Neosho Falls, 8 66. Tdpeka— 
Lawrence 1st, 19 71; Wamego, 4. 84 08 

KBNTUOKT.—TVanjytvanto— Lancaster, 8 OR 8 06 

MxomaAN.— Detroit — South I^on, 18. JF7{n<~Flint, 
94 48. Lake Superior — Negaunee, 96 88. Lansing— 
Homer, 18 95; Oneida, 1 58. Ifonroe —Adrian 1st, 19 60; 
Jonesvllle, 8 84; Tecumseh, 61. iVtotibey— Pecoskey 1st, 
86 46. Soyinaw— Mount Pleasant, 5. 161 48 

MiNNBSOTA.— Jfantoto — Mankato 1st, 81 88. ifinne- 
apolit— Minneapolis Westminster, 199 51. 8t. Paul—Bt, 
Pawl House of Hope sab-sch, 6 85. TRnoiMi— Rochester 
Ist, 19. 178 04 

MissonBi.— OsarJb — Ebeneaeer, 11; Neosho, 4; Springs 
field Calvary, 96 97. PtUmyro— Louisiana Ist, 4. IHaUe 

— Cameron 1st, 5; St. Joseph Westminster add'l.. 10. 
8i. Louis -Qt. Louis Cote BriUiante, 18 98;— Westminster, 
5 80; Webster Grove (sab-scfa, 4) 84. 164 00 

NmRA8KA.—ireamey~ Buffalo Grove Ger. (4 from L. 
Miss. Soc ), 8. Nebraska City — DUler 8; Lincoln 1st, 87; 

— 9d, 1095; Meridian, German, 45 cts; Table Rock 7 66; 
York Ist, 18 44. Omo^ki^-Omaha 1st, 66 07; — Knox, 9; 
Plymouth, 1. ^140 86 

Nbw Jkhsmy.— Elisabeth— Perth Amboy, 47 75. Jfon- 
mouth — Beverlr add'l, 6; Burtington, 66 98: Calvary, 
90 40; Perrineville, 6 S5; Tennent Y. P. S. C. B., 5. Mor- 
ris and Orange— EasA Orange 1st. 98 44; — Brick. x118 86 
Mendham 1st, 81 60; — 9d, 18; Mt. OUve. 14 86; Orange 
Central, 400. iVeimsrib— Newark Park, 65 H. New Bruns- 
wick-DuUih Neck, 16; Princeton 1st, 90 00; Trenton lai, 8{^ 



8d,75 79; —4th, 65. ^;n0ton — Andover, 7 88; Beattys- 
town, 9; Harmony, 8 18; Mansfield 9d, 4; Phillipsbnr^ 
Westminster, 8. VTett Jersey— Salem, 64 88. 1.108 86 

Nbw YoBK.—^{6any— Amsterdam 9a. 41 79; Sand Lake, 
6; Stephentown, 9. BrooMyn— Brooklyn, Claason Ave- 
nue, 60; — Lafayette Avenue, 548 97; — Memorial, 986 08; 
— Mount Olivet, 8; — Throop Avenue add*!, 1 . BvMlo— 
Fredonia. 6. Oayu^o— Ithaca, 1st sab-sch, 84 88; Cham- 
ploin^Plattsburgh 1st, 94 55. Chemung— mm^rB, 1st, 18. 
Cb<um6xa— Greenville, 6; Jewett, 18. Oenetee— Batavia 
1st, 60. Geneva-Seneca, 96 44. Hudson-Good Will, 
1 58; Sootchtown,5; Unlonville, 1; Washingtonvfllelst, 15. 
Long Aland— Amagansett (thank off*g). 4 85. Lmpns— 
Marion, 9 86: Newark 1st sab^ch, 80 47. New York— 

New York, 4th, 808 48; Covenant, 887 98; West 

S8d Street, Westminster sab-sch, 60. iVtdtforo^Niagara 
Falls (8 85 from sab^ch), 88 18. North iKe^— Amenia, 
south, 90 49; Highland Falls 1st, 16 06; Milton, 9; New- 
burgh Union, 40; Poughkeepsle 1st, 16 07. Rochester— 
Lima, 8 75; Ogden Centre, 8 09: Rochester Emmanuel, 
1 64; Sparta Ist, 97 11. Steu5en^-Coniing 1st, 10 77. 
Arrocuee— Casenovia, 96 89. JVoy-^-Schaghtlcoke, 8 68. 
cfMod— Bion, 5; New Hartford, 15 86. Westchester— 
Mt Vernon Ist, 190 98; Rve, 60. 9,140 88 

North Dakota — i¥in6tna— Inkster, 1 47. 1 47 

Ohio.— ^tA«n«— Athens, 86. fett^/bnta^ne— BeUefon* 
fontalne 1^ 9 99; ChiUiootAe— Memorial. 1; N<»rth Foi*, 
9; Union, 1. Cine<nnaM-Avonda]eaddU.96; Cincinnati, 
Poplar Street, 6; Hartwell, 18. Cleveland— WUloughby 
1st, 9. OoZumMM- Bethel, 1 91; Bremen, 9 97: Columbas 
1st, 76; Rush Creek, 9 88. Dayton-Dayton 4th. 98; Mon- 
roe. 9 50; Oxford, 87 60. Huron— Fremont, 40. Lima— 
Bluffton, 9 87. HoAon^no- North Jackson, 6. JTarton— 
Brown, 8 80; Marion 1st. 17; Pisgah, 8 85: Salem, 8. JAw- 
mee— Toledo 5th. 4. St. ClairsviUe—TleBnnt Valley, 
1 01. S^eufrenviZfo— BakersviUe, 4: East Uverpool let, 
70; Two Ridges, 4 15. TTooater-HopeweU, 15; Nashville, 
10. 2^ne»v<Me— Mt. Vernon, 19; Muskingum, 6; New Con> 
cord, 1 60; Norwich, 9. 488 80 

OBBOON.—PorfZand— Calvary, 60 06 ;— St Joba*8, 8 80 

60 86 

Pennsylvania.— ^lieff^eny— Allegheny 1st, 78; Avaloo, 
8; Bull Creek, 8: Pine Creek 1st, 11; Sharpsbnr^ 16 40. 
£2a»r«inUe—Beulah, additional, 6; Laird. 6; McGinnis, 8; 
Murrysville, 5; Salem, 5t Turtle Creek, 80. Butter— New 
Hope, 8. CarZaie— Great Conewago, 9 40; Lebanon 
Christ. 999 06: Lower Marsh Creek, 4 80. Clketfer— Coatea- 
viUe, 17 98; Middletown, 11; Oxford 1st, 49 78; West 
Chester 1st, 6S 66. Olarton— Academia, 8: Tionesta, 16. 
j^Ke— Greenville, 81; Harbor Creek. 9; Mercer 9d, 18; 
North East, 85 50; Tideoute, 18; Westminster, 4. HwU- 
inodon— Clearfield, 90: Huntingdon, 49 89; Sinking Creek, 
8 85. JTi^tanning— Kittanning 1st, 68. Lackawanna— 
Scranton 9d, 178 91; Tunkhannock,48: Wilkes Bam Ist^ 
978 99;Wyomtog,5. Lehto^— Shenandoah 1st, 6. North- 
umfterland— Muioning, 86 79; Milton. 100. Patr k ersburg 
— Terra Alta, 17. i%aadeZpMa-Philadelphia 10th, addt 
tioQ4l,68;-Calvary. 881 61;-rTabenuK4es«b-40l»., 48 |7;-r 



1898.] 



Sabbath-school Work. 



161 



Walnirt Street. 260 06;— Wflstminster, 14 7!S;— Woodland. 
Vr «0;--OoT«oaat, 10 50;— NortlMrn LttMBitles 1st. 96 68. 
PkOadelpkia Xorth-^Brtat^U SS| Chestnut Hill 1st, 180; 
Fnnkford, 16 4S; Qermantown Is^fTS 48;— Second. S81 82; 
— Redeeni6r/Tfaank8Klyinc,"80; Pottstown Ist, (4 67 from 
8sb-«ch.O 88 97. PiUMntrgh-Bethtay, 8 82; BeUi^, 87 60; 
Cbanien, 4 60; Crafton, 18; Faiiriew, 4 80: Forest GroTe, 
Ladies SocietT, 8 86; Homestead, 85 80; McKee's Bocks, 
8 07; Meant Olivet, 4; FittsburKk 6th, 8 iO;-East Uber- 
ty, 58:— Homewood Arenne, 10 18;— Shady Side, 64; Snar- 
on, 88 86. BacMoite— Sewickleyj. 7; Uniontewn, 68 88. 
Sfemanoo — Sharpeville, 8 80. TTas^tngton— Buncetts- 
town, (9 01 from sab-rcfa.) 96 04; Hookstown, 7; Wash- 
ington, 1st, 66 07;. W«2te6oro— Wellsboro, 9 00. Wett- 
miiwter— Cedar Grore, 6; Chestnut Lerel, additional, 4 ; 
York OalTaiy. 86 48. 4,818 66 

South Dakota— Bladb HOto— Whitewood, 8. 8 00 

TDnvi88BB.—fid2ffof»— Mount Bethel, 4 96^ UnUm^ 
Galedonia,8. 6 96 

Washdiotor.— OCymi><a— St. John^s, 8. 8 00 

WiKTONsnr.- JfacHwrn'-JanesTille, 19 18. 19 18 

From the Churches and Sabbath-schools $ 10;888 10 

WaOU INDITIDUAUU 

ThroiijKhBeT. Chas. J. Toung, Paterson, N. J., 
60; Wmiam Kershaw, Gemantown Pa., 86; 
Bev. J. H. Blackford, West La Fayette, O., 
8; "FHends,'* Pouirhkeepsie, N. T., 100; 
Mrs. Martha Graham. Afton. N. Y.,2; **T. 
and M.,'* Chicago, SI., 8; Wm« Campbell, 



Lexington, ]^., 60; Mrs. E. J. Burghardt, 
Washuigton, D. C.. 6; Ber. C. 0. Carr, Horse- 
heads/N. T., 6| Mrs. Mary B. LItUe. Newton, 
Mass., 10: Ber. G. W. Newell and wife. 
Central City* Neb., lOt Mrs. Jennie Keefer, 
Germantown, Pa., 6; ''E C. G.,'' Phila., 100; 
Bev.W. C. CatteU,(D.D., Phila., 60; Mrs. MJarr 
A. Cargen, Cambridge, Wis, 6: "C. Penna.,^ 
6 ; Her. w. L. Tarbet and wife, Pisgah, Ul, 
40 cts.; Mrs. Ber. J. B. Hall, Grand Ledge, 
Mich,l 480 40 

Interest fkt>m Permanent Fund including 
$108 60 from Boger Sherman Fund, 8.876 60 

Interest on bank (feposits, 900 88 

For the Current Fund, $ 17,170 88 

PEBMAmBHT FUHD. 

(Interest only used.) 

Legacy from W. S. Culbertson, New Albany, 
Ind., 88,000; Legacy from Ber. Samuel Wil- 
son, Streator, III, 50. From the Estate of 
Mrs. Amelia Kerr, New York, 9,806 11,866 00 

Total for November, 1888 $88,486 88 

Total for Current Fund since April lat, 1898. . . 98,776 99 

WiLLiAic W. Hbbbbton, Trttuurer, 



BECBIPT8 VOB SABBATH-SOHOOI. WORK; NOTBilBEB, 1809. 



ATLAxmo,'^Ea$t if7orui(»— Hawthorne sab-s<^, 4 60; 
JTfiox— Hopewell sab sch, 1; Madison sab-sdi, 1 40; St. 
Paal,8ab-8ch,80cts. 7 80 

BALTOfou.-Ailttmore— Frederick City, 5. 6 00 

Caufobmia. — Los AngeU$ — Coronado Beach, IS 76. 
San FrancUco—Qaxi Francisco Trinity sab-sch, 85. 87 76 

Catawba.— Cofaioba— Miranda sab-sch, 6; — Tcidkin 
Durham sab-sch, 8. 9 00 

Colorado.— i)en«er— Denver, Central, 89 75; Pueblo— 
Canon City, 9. 96 76 

lujHOiB.— ^lo<mif9H;rton— Bloomington, 8nd 40. Cairo— 
Veiigennes sab-sch, 8 74. CAiocMo— Chicago 8d, sab-sch, 
80; — JefferBon Park, 28 80. Ho^toon— Pana sab-sch. 8 67. 
OMateo— Sandwich C. E. S., 5 50. a»r<no/Iefcl— Pisgah. 
1 68; UnHy, 68 cts. 1« 97 

IiiDZAifA.—Oa«o/orrfwi{ie— Frankfort sab-sch, 15; Bock- 
▼ille, 8 94. Al«n6i6— Wabash sab-sch, 15. New Albany— 
Jefferson sab-sch. 1; Pleasant Township sab-sch, 8. White 
TTater— BIchmond, 88 68. 80 68 

Iowa.— Otnmcil Blif^s— Missouri Valley, 8; Torktown 
sab-ech, 1. Dee Moines— Des Moines, Bethany sab-sch, 
8 88. i>ufruaue— Dubuque 8d sab-sch, 40. Fort Dodge— 
lAkYerae sa&sch, 18. lowa City— Davenport 1st, 9r 54. 
TToterloo— Kamrar, 6. 91 86 

Kahsas.— Solomon— Bashan sab-sch, 88 cts. Topeka— 
Biley Centre, Gierman, 1. 1 88 

KiirTUOKY.—£6en<Stfr— Lexington, 8d sab-sch, 86 18. 
UmleviUe — ^Hopkinsrille sab-sch, 1 85; LouisviUe, Central 
pab4ch,8&. 78 48 

MiCHieA3r.—2>eM><t~ Marine City* 10 18; South Lgron 
sab-sch, 5 71. JTalamasoo— Edwardsburgh sab-sch, 14 08. 
Loiuin^— Albion, 15; Delhi sab-sch, 1 61; Oneida, 61 cts. 
ifonro*— Tecumseh, 87 60. An/jnaw— Church of the Cov- 
enant, 1. 86 54 

MuQfBsoTA.— 5t. Paul,— Si. Paul Dayton Are. sab-sch, 
69 10; — Hoose of Hope sab-sch, 6 81, 65 86 

MinouBi.— (%Rirlp— Ash Grove sab-sch. 15, 15 

NKBRAflKA.—fia«ftn9«— Beaver City sab-sch, 10 40; Ong 
saitHseb,l 86. Nebraska Cf/y-Diller, 4: Lincohi 1st. 87; Meri- 
dian German, 15 cts. ; Seward sab-sch, 5 16. Niobrarar— 
Wllkywdale sab-ech, 8. OmoAo— Plymouth, 1, 50 96 

Nbw Jkb8KT.—£I£mi^</^— Elizabeth Westminster sab- 
sch, 48 8S; Plainfield Ist sab-sch, 75. Jersey Of ty— Passaic 
sab-sch, S 14. JfonmoufA— Bamegat, 4; Forked Biver, 8; 
Long Branch, 14. Newark— VewsA 8d, 802 06; —Bethany, 
sab-sch, 80; — Park, 5 46. New Brunswick— Dutch Neck, 
16; Kirkpatrlck Memorial, 8: Trenton 4th, 15. Newton— 
DanTfllsb 8 15; Wantage 1st, 8. West Jersey— Greenwich, 
6 88, — • . m 42^29 

Nkw YoKK.— Boston— Boston Scotch sab-sch, 6. Brook- 
lyn— Brooktra Classen Avenue, 80; — Memorial, 75 66; 
— Mount Olivet, 8. ^i^alo— Fredonia, 8. Chemung- 
Blmira 1st. 6. Hudson-<k>od Will, 61 cts.: Sootchtown, 
5. Long Xslond— West Hampton, 10 70. New York— Hew 
York lUspah Chapel sab-sch, 86. ifortft Biver— Corn- 
wall, 7 80; Pine Plains ch A sab-sch, 10; Poughkeepsie 
(sab-ac|i, 49 86,) 6 88. fiochester^^Qeoeaeo 1st sab-sc)^ 



8 69; Offden. 1; Boohester Emmanuel. 1 08; — Westmin- 
ster sab-sch, 7 84. 5toti6«n— Coming, 8 69. Syracuse 
"Oswego Grace sab-sch, 94 01 ; ZVoy— Salem sab-sch. 80; 
Sc^htiooke, 11 11. I7^a— Bome, 11 71; WaterriUe, 8 81. 
TTes&^^tor— Bedford, 7, 841 88 

North Dakota.— .FVinTO—Fullerton sab-sch, 8; Milnor 
sab-sch, 8 56: Cakes sab-sch. 8. PlemMna— Bottineau 
sab-sch, 4 46; Minnewaukon sab-sch, 8 87, 17 89 

Ohio.— BeUeAmtoine-Bellefontaine, 74c: North Wash- 
ington sab4ch. 8. Cftta<cot/ie— North Fork, 8; Dayton— 
Bethel sab-sch, 4 06; Blue Ball, 6; Dayton Third Street sab- 
sch. 88. Huron— Fremont, 94. LJmo— Van Wert sab-sch, 85 
JTaAontng- Canton sab-sch, 98 68; Warren sab-sch, 7 50 
Horioii— Iberia sab-sch, 81. SteubenviUe— Two Bldges. 
1 60. ZanesmUe-Mt. Veraon, 6. »0 48 

PK»ji8TLVAKiA.—-4Itea*«n»— Allegheny School Street 
sab4ch. 18: Glenfleld sab sch, 8 66. S2air«tn'tte— Salem, 
5. j^tier— Buffalo, 8; BuUer, 41 08; North Butler. 7. 
CarZiafo-Gettysburgh, 11. Cfc€«<«r-Chester 8d sab-sch, 
41 98; Fagg's Manor, 16. .ETrie— Westminster. 4, North' 
umberland^MUton, 66; Warrior Bun, 8 94. Philadelphia 
—Philadelphia 8d, 88 97; — Wahiut Street sab-sch, 
61 87; — Woodland, 96 86. Central Philadelphia — Co- 
hooksink sab-sch, 10 70$ — Northmtnster sab-sch, 187 71; 
—Tioga, 80. PMladel^ia Norih-Fnnktora, 16 48: Ger- 
mantown 1st sab-sch, 81 16; Norristown Central sab-sch, 
87 46; Bozborough sab-sch, 19 46. Pittsburgh— Beihojij, 
10 10; Chartiers, 1 60: Edgewood sab-sch, 80: Middletown, 
10; Mount Olive, 8; Pittsburgh sab-sch, 47 88; - East 
Liberty, 16; — Lawrenceville, 18 46. Washingtonr-Otoas 
Greek, 5; Falrview, 6; Washington 1st, 88 64. WelM>oro 
— Wellsboro, 3 08. TTeatntttM^eT^-SlateviUe sab-sch, 8 81. 

886 41 

South Dakota.— ulberdeei^—Britton sab-sch, 82. Black 
HOfa— Sturgls sab-sch,4. ^ ^ 86 

Washinoton.— Olympio— St. John's sab-sch, 6 68. Spo- 
iMme-Spokane 1st sab-sch, 18 44. ^ 20 06 

Total from Churches, November, 1892 1,894 78 

Total from Sabbath-schools, November, 1808. . 1,888 10 

Total from Churches and Sabbath-schools, No- 

vember,1808 • 8,688 88 

MISOBLLAinBOnS. 

Bobinson sab-sch. Alliance, Neb., 8 88; Mrs. 
John Webber, Bapld City, South Dakota. 8 10; 
Murray Missionary Society, Elizabeth, N. J., 
68; Bloomville sab-sch, Wisconsin, 8 15; Mat- 
tana sab-sch, Ontario, 8; A. Friend, Prince- 
ton, N. J.. 800; Stanley sab-sch. South 
Dakota, 1 ; E. M. Atwood. North Dakota, 8 71; 
David Brown. North Carolina, 1 58; Joseph 
Brown, Wis., 9Sc: CampBussell sab-sch, Okla- 
homa Ter, 8 86; D. N. Good, Iowa, 8 86; Jas. P. 
Harper, Missouri, 1 70; W. H. Long. North Car- 
olina«888; False Bottom sab-sch. South D»- 



162 Gontributhns of CloOangj Etc.y to Poor Children on Mission Fidds. [February^ 



kota, 8 40; Cotton Wood Creek sab^ch, Soath 
Dakota. 8 60; Cottonwood sab-ech. Minne- 
sota, 1 60; Osceola sab-sch, Washington, 8 80; 
Buxton sab-Bch, Oregpn, 1 80: Burton sab- 
sch, Minnesota, 1 50; State C. E., Florida, 6; 
Mt. Joj sab-sch, Arkansas, 16cj Bradford 
sab-sch, Minnesota, 1 70; *' C. Penna.," 1; 
Rev. W. L. Tarbet and wife, Illinois, 60c.; 
Qeorgiana Wlllard, Auburn, N. Y., 600; A 
Friend, Bridgehampton, N. T.,8; Miss Ann 



ConstT, Philadelphia, 800; Miss Kate Wentx, 
Philadelphia, 800. $ 1,806 80 

Total receipts, November. 1098 8,968 06 

Amount previously acknowledged 78,848 77 

Total receipts since April 1,1808 $76,88186 

C. T. MoMuLLiN, Trtamrer. 

1884 Chestnut Street, PhUa. 



CONTBIBUnONS OF OIjOTHINO, BTO., TO THE POOR CHIIiDREN ON MISSIOK FIELDS. 



Woman's Missionary Society of Parma church, Mich., 
60 08; Woman's Missionary Socie^ of 1st church, Has- 
tings, Neb., 60; Woman's H. and F. Missionary Society, 
lioudonyille, Ohio. 64; Woman's H. and F. Missionary 
Society, Paton, Iowa, 80; Sabbath-school, Ackley, Iowa, 
80; Woman's Missionary Society of Oreensburgh church. 
Pa., 60; Woman's Missionary Society of E. Kishaco- 
quiUas, Pa., 66; Sabbath-school, Plymouth, Pa., 40; 
woman's Missionary Society Central church, Canonsburg, 
Pa., 76 60; Ist Sabbath-school, Ingram. Pa., 16; Woman^s 
Home Missionary Society Central church, Wilminfi;ton, 
Del.. 66: Children's Band, Smith Centre, Kan., 80; Sfaiming 
Circle King's Daughters, Bakeratown, Pa., 40; Sab- 
bath-schooi, Columbiana, Ohio, 50; C. E. Society, Wash- 
ington, Bis., 88; Toung Ladies Missionary Society, 1st 
church, OloTersyille, N. Y., 86: Y. P. S. C. E., OxfordlSd 
church. N. J., 168 46; Rot. J. L. Polk, Fagg's Manor, Pa. 
48; Miss A. Buchanan, Honey brook. Pa., 86; Toughke- 
namon church. Pa., TV; Woman's Missionur Society 
PittsHeld church, Pa., 16.60; Beckwlth Mem. 8. School, 
Cleveland, Ohio, 40; S. School Ist church, Youngstown, 



Ohio, 16, Woman's H. Missionary Society, 48; S. School, 
Cadiz, Ohio, 110; & School and C E. Society, Hokien, 
Mo., 80; Woman's Missionary Society Buchanan Chapel, 
Jewett, Ohio, 48; Rev. Jno C. HilL Belvidere, Bis., 60; 
Y. P. 8. C. E., 1st church, Verona, N. Y., 15: Home Mis- 
sionary Society, Ist church. Chambersburg. Pa., 60; S. S. 
and Woman's H. M. Society, Monroeton, Pa., 118; 
Woman's F. M. Society, Mt. Pleasant Reunion church, 40; 
Ladies Missionary Auz. Society Maiple church, BroomaU, 
Pa., 12; Woman's H. and F. Missionaiy Society, Bethany 
church, Bridgeville, Pa., 188; Y. P. S. C. E., Parker 
church, Parker's Landing, Pa., 60; H. H. Beadle Band Sd 
church, Bridgeton. N. J., 47; 8. School Ludlow Orove, 
Ohio, 85; Ladles H. M. Society and 8. S., Belleville church. 
Ohio, 88; Rev. M. R. Baer, Alexis, Bis.. 50; Mrs. Traill 
Green, Easton, Pa., 68; 8. School, Hector. N. Y., 85 ; 
Norristown Central church, 76; Pres. church, Morrlson- 
▼llle. Ills., 80. 



C. T. McMuLUM. IVeaturer. 



November 80, 1888. 



A Turkish local official having closed a 
mission school unrighteously and unlawfully, 
intimated to a missionary that for a certain 
sum of money he would open it, the mission- 
ary indignantly answered, that '4f he would 
open the school for a bribe of one cent we 
would not give it, but would sooner spend 
$500 in lawful efforts to sustain our rights.'* 



Lafayette College was also reported as ^4n 
the best condition it ever experienced.'' - 



Rev. James S. Dennis, D.D., in the '' Pres- 
byterian and Reformed Review" says: ^^ There 
are school children in Syria, under fourteen 
years of age, who know the cream of Scrip- 
ture by heart, and have been trained in evan- 
gelical doctrine until they can pass a better 
examination in it than in any other branch 
of study. Not long ago I attended an exami- 
nation of one of our mission schools, where a 
class of larger boys were questioned upon the 
life of Paul. They seemed to be familiar with 
every movement and incident of the apostle's 
life which is recorded in scripture." 



Washington and Jefferson College was 
reported to the Synod of Pennsylvania as 
having 208 students in attendance, of whom 
142 are communicants, and probably fifty pre- 
paring for the ministry. 



State Universities are said to have furn- 
ished only twenty of the nearly 1800 students 
in five great theological seminaries last year. 



The Commissioner of Indian Affairs con- 
gratulates the nation on the freedom from 
hostilities which has characterized the last 
year, and also on the decided advance in the 
education of Indians. 



Two Sunday-school teachers of little girls 
asked their classes what was meant by a 
'Hrance," where it is said that Peter *'fell 
into a trance," Acts x. 10. Both received 
the same answer: '^A window over the top 
of a door." 

An intelligent lady in Missouri says : 
^'When I was at Parkville lately it atruck 
me, as it has before, that when they speak, 
as they often do, of the Bible being a text- 
book there, they might add that the Church 
AT HoifE AND Abroad is another, they quote 
it so constantly." 



Officers and Agencies of the General Assembly. 



•«  •• » 



THE GliEBKS. 

Slated Clerk and TVecuurer— Rev. William H. 
Roberts, D.D., Lane Theological deminary, Wal- 
nut HiUs, Cincinnati, O. 

Bermaneni Cflerh—Rev. William E. Moore, D. D., 
CotnmbiiB, O. 



THE TRUSTEES. 

PresiderU^-GteoTKe Junkhij Esq. 

TVeawrer— Frank K. Hippie, 1S40 Chestnut Street 

Recording Secretary— J acrh Wilson. 

Offics— Publication House, No. 1884 Chestnut 
Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 



THE BOARDS. 

1. HOSCE MISSIONS, SUSTE9n?ATION. 

Cforrespanding Seeretariee—Bey. William C. Roberts, D.D., Rev. William^Irvln, D.D./.and Rev. 
Duncan J. McMillan, D.D. . 

IVeasurer— Oliver D. Eaton. 
Reeording Secretary— Oeoex E. Boyd. 

Ofsics— Presbyterian House, No. (8 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

Letters relating to missionary appointments and other operations of the Board should be addressed 
to the Corresponding Secretaries. 

Letters relating to the pecuniary affairs of the Board, or containing remittances of money, should 

be sent to O. D. Eaton, 2Vea«urer. 

* 

a. FOREIGN MISSIONS. 

Secretary Emeritue—BjBv. ^<Aai C. Iiowrie, D.D. 
Corremonding Secretaries— Rev. Frank F. Elllnwood, D.D., Rev. Arthur Mitchell, D.D., and^Rev. 

John Gillespie, D.D. 
Assistant Secretary— Wr. Robert E.^peer. 
2Veajittr«r— William Dulles, Jr., Esq. 
Field Secretary— Resv, Thomas Marshall, D.D., 48 McCormick Block, Chicago, VH 

OrFicn— PKsbyterian House, No. 58 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

Letters relating to the misBions or other operations of the Board should be addressed to the Seo- 
letaries. Letters relating to the pecuniary affairs of the Board, or containing remittances of money, 
should be sent to William Dulles, Jr., Esq., TrecLsurer, 

Certificates of honorary membership are given on receipt of $80, and of honorary directorship on 
reoekitof $100. 

Persons sending packaees for shipment to missionaries should state the contents and vcUue. There 
are no specified days for capping goods. Send packages to the Mission House cm soon cts they are 
ready. Address l^e Treasurer of the Board of Foreign Missions, No 53 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

The postage on letters to all our mission stations, except those in Mexico, is 5 cents per each half 
ounce or fraction thereof. Mexico, 2 cents per half ounce. 

8. EHDUCATION. 

Corresponding Secretary — ^Rev. Daniel W. Poor, D.D. 
Treasurer— Jaooh Wilson. 

Ofsicx— Publication House, No. 1884 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Ttk, 

4. PUBUCATION AND SABBATH-SOHOOIj WORK. 

Secretary— IRby. Elijah R. Craven, D. D. 

Superintendent of Sabbathrsckool and Missionary TTorXp— Rev. James A. Worden, D.D. 

Editorial Superintendent— Rev, J. R. Miller, D.D. 

Business Superintendent— John A. Black. 

aVeosurer—Rev. C. T. McMullin. 

PuBUOATiON HousB— No. 188% Cheetnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Letters relative to the general interests of the Board, also all manuscripts offered for publicadon 
and communications relative thereto, excepting those for Sabbath-school library books and the peri- 
odicals, should be addressed to tiie Rev. E. R. Craven, D.D., Secretary, 

Presbyterial Sabbath-school reports, letters relating to Sabbath-school and Missionary work, to 
grants cA the Board's publications, to the appoin tznent of Sabbath-schod missionaries, and reports, 
orders and other communications of these musionaries, to the Rev- Jaioes A. Wobden, D.D., iSwper- 
intendent of Sabbath-school and Missionary Work. 

Ail m anuscripts fen* Sabbath-school Library books, also all matter offered for the Wbstminhteb 
Tbachsb and the other periodicals, and all letters concerning tlie same, to the Rev. J. R. Miujsb, D.D., 
MAitorial Superintendent, 

BuflinesB correspondence and orders for books and periodicals, except from Sabbath-echool nfissioii- 
airies. to Jomi A. Black, Business Superintendent. 

Bemittanoes of money and contribntions to the Rev. C. T. McMuLiJir, Treasurer. 



0w OKURCOEI BREOnON. 

Corresponding Seeretary—Bav. ErsUne K. White, D.D. 
lV«a«tir0r'---Adam Canipbeli 

OfWOBH- P wib yUj g i ap Homei Na 58 Fifth Avetja^ New Yoik, N. T« 



163 



164 Ogicer9 cmd Agmcies of the Omeral AsBmNy. [February. 

O. BONISTERIAIi BMUEP. 

CorreBpoKiding Secretary -^Bev. William C. Cattell, D. D. 
Beoordtng Secretary arid Treasurer-^Rev, William W. Heberton. 

Offiob— Publication House,No 1334 Chestnat Street, Fhiladelphia, Vm, 
T. FREEDBfEN. 
l^'eeident'^ 

OJj%ce Secretary and Treaaurer— Bay. J. T. GibsoiL 
Corretponding Seeretary—BAY. Bdward P. Cowan, D.D. 

Offick— No. 516 Market Street, Pittsbiirgh, P*. 

& AID FOR OOIiliEOES AND AGADEAOES. 

Corresponding Secretary^J^BY, Edward C. Ray, D. D. 
2Vea»ur«f^-Charlee M. Chamley, P. O. Box 394, Chicago, IlL 

Omcx— Room 23, Montauk Block, No. ll^Monroe Street, Chicago, OL 



PERMANENT COMMITTEES. 

OOBfMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BENEFICENCE. 

Chairman-^Bey. Rufus S. Green, D. D., Orange, N. J. 

&!cretory— Kiliaen Van Renaselaer, 66 WaU Sti-eet, New York, N. Y. 

OOMMITTEE ON TEMPERANCE. 

Chairman— Rev. I. N. Hays, D.D., Allegheny, Pa. 

Cforresponding Secretary— Rey. John F. Hill, Room 813, Penn Building, Pittsburgh P^ 

3Vecwurcr— Rev. James Allison, D.D., Cor. Sixth Avenue and Wood Street, Pittsburgh, P^ 

FRESBYTERIAN HISTORICAIi SOCIETY. 

iVeaiden^— Rev. W. C. CatteU, D. D., Philadelphia. 
Corresponding Secretary— Bey. D..K. Turner. 
TVeomtrei^-DeB. K. Ludwlg, 3800 Locust Street, Philadelphia. 
lAbrary and JftiMum— 1239 Race Stueet, Philadelphia. 



TREASURERS OF S YNODICAIj HOME MISSIONS AND SUSTENTATION. 

New Jersey— iBhDBT Swing Green, P. O. Box 133, Trenton, N. J. 
New Yorh—O, D. EatcnaT© Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 
P^nneylvania-^Fnnk K. Hippie, 1340 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Baltimore — D. C. Ammidon, 31 South Frederick Street, Baltimore, Md. 



BEQUESTS OB DEVISES. 

In the preparation of Wills care should be taken to insert the Corporate Name, as known and reoQgniMd 
in the Courts of Law. Bequests or Devises for the 

Genera] Assembly should be made to " The Trustees of the General Asssmbly of the P^nesbyteiiaii 
Church in the United States of America. " 

Board of Home Missions,— to **The Board of Home Missions in the Presbyterian Church in the Uni- 
ted States of America, incorporated April 19, 1872, by Act of the Legislature oi the State of New York." 

Board of Foreign Missions,— -to **The Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in 
the United States of America.'' 

»Board of Church Eirection,— to **The Board of Church Erection Fund of the (General Assembly of 
the Presbyterian Chureh in the United States of America, incorporated Mar. 27,1371, by the Legislature of 
the State of New York.** 

Board of Pablioation and Sabbathnsoliool Work, to "The Trustees of the Presbyterian Board 
of Publication and Sabbath-school Work." 

Board of Eldacation,— to *'The Board of Education of the Presbyterian Church in the United States 
of America.** 

Board of Relief,— to "The Presbyterian Board of Relief for Disabled Ministen and the Widows and 
Orphans of Deceased Ministers.** 

Board for Freedmen,— -to "The Board of MifiSions for Freedmen of the Presbyterian Church in the 
(JiUted States of America.** 

Board of Aid fbr Colleges,— to "The Presbyterian Board of Aid for Colleges and Academies.** 

Snstentation is not incorporated. Bequests or Devises Intended for this object should be made to 
**The Board of Home Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, inccM'poimtod 
April 19, 1872, by Act of the Legislature of the State of New York, for SU9(€htai^iOfi^^ •* 

N B:r-i^al Estate dsvised IV" wi^ ^MTi^ ^ Qsrefally dMsribed. ^ 






Vol. 13. 



No. 75. 



THE CHURCH 



AT HOME AND ABROAD. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY ORDER OF 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 

IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 



MARCH, 1893. 



EDITOR : 

HENRY A. NELSON, D.D. 



EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENTS: 



WILLIAM IRVIN, D.D., 

Por Home Missions. 

JOHN GILLESPIE. D.D.. 

For Foreign Missions. 

DANIEL W. POOR, D.D., 

For Ministerial Education. 

ELIJAH R. CRAVEN, D.D., 

Por Publication and S. S. Work. 



ERSKINE N. WHITE, D.D., 

For Church Erection. 

WILLIAM C. CATTELL, D. D., 

For Ministerial Relief. 

EDWARD P. COWAN, D.D., 

Por Missions to Preedmen. 

EDWARD C. RAY, D. D., 

Por Colles^s and Academiesi 



Business Supbrintendent, JOHN A. BLACK. 

Remittances by I>raft or Postal Order and all business correspondence should be addressed 

to tiie Business Superintendent— no/ to the Editor. 



PRESBYTERIAN BOARD OF PUBLICATION 

AND SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK, 

No. 1334 Chestnut Street, 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 



ZJOrCOLN UNIVER8XTT 

Oar 30th Academical year began in September 
with Itu^er classes thsji ever. 

A new Hall for Icstnictioa was completed in 
the BnmtneT Tftcation. It has 17 ample rooms, 
well finiahed snd furnished. It is built and 
equipped withoat debt. Hard by stands onr 
new and beantilitl chapel, the generona gift of a 
lady friend. 

The College and Theological Facnltiea, with 
tbeir Nine Professors, are proYided for, insaf- 
ficienQy indeed, but there is no appeal for more. 

The liberal beqnesta recently received have 
been spent on the fonndations of this work, to 
enlaive and strengthen them. But now the 
whed of OUT progress are blocked. We can 
bnild nothing on onr new foundations till yon 
give na a new dormitory for the many approved 
candidate* waiting to enter the claMes. Onr 
most earnest appeal to yon is for this ((30,000). 

This bnrden we carry is too heavy withont 
yonr help. Make proTiaion for the support of 
these young men, f 130 a year, or its equivalent 
— the Intcreat of a permanent endowment of 
^,aoo or f 3,500- 

In making bequests, note that onr corporate 
title is "I^couT Univbxsity." in Chester 
County, Pa. 

Rev. A. T. Rankin, D.D.,Greensbnrg, Ind., 
Is onr Western Agent. Rev. W. P. White. 
Geimantown, Peun'a, is Assistant Secretary ; 
Rev. Edwaid Webb, OzTord, Penn'a, ia Pioan- 
dal Secretary, L. O. ; to whom your gifts may 
be sent and yoor inqnires oddrewed. 

m. n. BINSKAM, Pni'l B'd TruitMt, L. U. 



HORACE B. MARTIN, 

CARTHAGE, MISSOURI. 



SCOTIA SEMINARY. 

A High School Cor colored |[irlB niidFr the cnre of the 
Board for Freedmea »nd the WomeD't Ei. Commitue 
tor Home MisBlons otthe PresbyMrlan Church. Incor- 
porUed andsr the laws of North CarollDL LeRal name 
" The Scotia Seminary," Concord, N. C. The Bnal title 
to all properly la vealed by the cbSiCter in the Board ' 
for PreediDBn. 1 

Donationa solicited t« a penuDiiient lund nbich will 
proTlde tor the sa1arl«B ol the teacheni and supply schol- 
anblps and Ibiu rellere the ireaaurj or the Board. 

D. J. SATTERFIELD. PrcRlilent. ! 
PkhnbylVania, Chamlifiiburg. 

WILSON COLLEGE FOR YOUNfi WOMEN. ! 

FlttT mllet aoutbweBt of HHrrieliur^. In famouB Cam. ' 
berland Valley. Border clltaate, ATOlilIng bleak north. 
(330 p«r year ror board, ronm, etc., and all College 
Btodles. Handsome Park, Large Buthlings, Bteam | 
Heat, aymuailum, Oliservatory, LahoraWry, etc. Ba- 
dorged by FennsjlTuiiB Synod, Baltimore Hjnud aod j 
Presbytery, Preghyloty of Carlisle, etc. 

THE YOUNG LADIES' SEMINARY, j 

FREEHOLD, HEW JERSEY. 

Healthful location. Qood teacbeia. Pleafant family , 
life. Personal care (or pnplls. Fall term oyened Sept j 

Hth, iim. I 

Prinoipal, MtSS EUNICE D. SEWELL. : 



f tnnMA ■"•""■'"" LOI) ONLY 160 TO S200 

FATS MUCH BETTER TB AITaATtNOa BA NKS 

Addtoa. TACOMA lltVEtTIIENT CO., TACOIIA, WASH. 



ECONOMY 



EOT f ATER HEATERS 
^ COHBINATIOM HEATERS^ 




f ARM AIR FDRNAGES 



THE CHURCH AT HOME AND ABROAD. 



MARCH, 1893, 



CONTENTS. 

EDITORIAL.— "Advance I Advance ! Advance I "— Mirza Ibrahim — Pacific Coast 

Pioneers, 167-173 

The Hausa Memorial Association, Rev James Johnston 173-178 

Lincoln University, JT- P. ^A///r, /?./?., 17Bh-177 

PORBIQN niSSIONS. 

Notes,— Treasurer's Statement— P. C. E. Societies, 178 

Missionary Conferences in New York 179-181 

Second Journey in the Interior, Africa, Rev, A, C. Good^ 181-184 

Concert of Prayer.— Missions in Mexico— What Hath God Wrought?— Mexico's Greatest 
Need, /. Milton Greene^ D. D. — Mexico City and Its Outstations, Rev. H. Broum^ 
Encouragements During Last Year, Rev, H, C. Thomson^ D, D, — Between the 
Caribbean and the Pacific, Miss Alice Mitc/tell—TTtLu&iiion of Mexico, Rev, P. P. 
Leavens, D.D , 185-188 

Letter of Rev. William Jessup— Notes, 188 

HoriE nissioNs. 

Notes.- Our Pinal Effort— Mr. Penfleld for Y. P. C. E. and S. S. Worlt— Cherokees— 
Alaska— Arizona— Rev. J. J. Gilchrist in New Mexico— President Harrison's Proc> 
lamation of Amnesty— Utah— Mormons— New England, Roman Catholic— Moun- 
tain Whites— Comity— Report on Denominational Co-operation— First Presbyterian 
Church in Alaska— Alaska Indians, 108-207 

Concert of Prayer.— Home Missions in Older States, 207-208 

Letters.— Ohio, Rev, P, W, Taylor— yj, Virginia, Rev, A. B, Z{>a/«— Illinois, Rev, F, 
M, A/ejrander—Qynod of Tennessee, Rev. C, A. Duncan^ S. ^.—Indian Territory, 
Rev. E. E. ilfa/^^— Minnesota, Rev, J, DudycAa— Oregon, Rev, G. IV, Gidoney— 
Utah, Rev, P. Bohback 208-212 

CHURCH ERECTION— Prom Churches— Wise Words from the Synod of Missouri, . 218-214 

COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES.— A Chicago Offer, 215-218 

FREEDMEN.— Colored Education in the South, 217-218 

EDUCATION, • . . . . 216-218 

PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK.— Recent Publications — Ragged 

Schools and Sabbath-schools — Far Out Upon the Prairie, 220-228 

MINISTERIAL RELIEF.— Birthday Celebration at the Ministers' House, Perth Amboy, 

N J.^ 223-224 

GLEANINGS AT HOME AND ABROAD, 226-227 

THOUGHTS ON SABBATHSCHOOL LESSONS 228-228 

TEMPERANCE.— (Jains for Temperance— Save the Children, 229-281 

YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR.— Elements of Strength for Christian 

Work— Local Ingenuity, 282-234 

MINISTERIAL NECROLOGY AND CHILDREN'S CHURCH AT HOME AND 

ABROAD, 284 



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY'S COMMIHEE. 



JOHN S. MACINTOSH, D. D., Chairman, 
302t Delancey Place, Philadelphia, Pa. 
CHARLES A. DICKEY, D. D., STEALY B. ROSSITER, D. D., 

ANSON D. F. RANDOLPH, Esq., RBv. HENRY T. McEWEN, 

WARNER VAN NORDEN, Esq., - STEPHEN W. DANA, D.D., 

Ho». ROBERT N. WILLSON, CHARLES L. THOMPSON, D. D., 

JOHN H. DRY, Esq., F. F. ELLINWOOD, D.D. 

WILLIAM C. ROBERTS, D. D. 



Business Supbrintsnosht, JOHN A. BLACK, 
1334 Chestnut Street. 
All Bosineas Correspondence and remittances by Draft or Postal Order shonld be addt«aaed 
to the Business Superintendent — not to the Editor. 



The price of the Church at Home and Abroad is One Dollar 
per year, payable in advance. No new subscription is received without 
the payment of one dollar accompanying it. But subscriptions, not 
accompanied with directions to discontinue at the end of the time paid 
for,!will be continued and bills will be sent to remind the subscriber that 
another payment is due. 



A oTA/vDAffD HYMN BOOK j have adopted it,includinK The Central, (John M. 
PQfl > Freeman, D.D.) Denver ; West Hope, Phila. ; Firat, 

DDCQDVTCDIAM fiUIIDOUCO I Wheeling. W. Va.; Immuiuel, MUwanlcee; 
rntOOJ I tnlHrl vnUnVnCO J Biowa Sfamorial, Baltimore: First, Evanstoo, 
lit. ; Second, Tacoma, Wash. ; Second, Washington, Pa, ; First, Orange, N. J. ; Central, Allegheny, 
Pa. : First, Los Gatos, Cal. ; First, Gieai Falls, N. Y. ; First, Dausville, N. Y. ; First, Zaaesville, 
Ohio ; Union Presbyterian, Seoul, Korea. 



A 



o 



v^M ,:*■'./ y'vvv . i&^^t 



;/ 



c-^^ 



THE CHURCH 

AT HOME AND ABROAD. 



MARCH, 1803. 



** ADVANCE! ADVANCE I ADVANCE!" 



This was 1^ «^ iMttle cry " with which the 
perfernd Cymliriaii genias of Professor 
Morris thrilled tbe hearts of his hearers in 
the First Ohnrch of Brooklyn and in Uni- 
Tcrsity Place Ohnich, New York, at the 
sapreme moment of his eloquent Memorial 
Discourse, as if it had been indeed **the 
clarion Yoice of Hbnbt Kendall/' 

The orator had caught the very spirit of 
the illustrious subject of his discourse. He 
knew him well and knew that he would say 
to us: '* Pause not from the forward march 
in which you haye owned me as leader, 
either to weep for me or to eulogize me. 
Only for my work's sake may you rightly 
honor me, and that work 1 have only begun. 
Let it not stop. Let it not linger. Advance I 
advance! advance! — Westward, Southward, 
Northward — ^to the Gulf, to the Pacific, to 
the Arctic Sea. Advance and strengthen 
your lines from torrid Florida to frigid 
Alaska." 

Not to those only who were privileged to 
hear that discourse has that thrilling cry 
come. The press has borne it to many 
myriads of readers, and to thousands of 
them the printed words will seem to make 
the familiar voioe sound in their ears again 
with its old clearness and strength. 



It is well thus, from the grave of Henry 
Kendall, to look forward and to move for- 
ward in the direction to which the whole 
course of his earnest life points ua. 

The term ^* statesmanship" has been 
frequently applied to the wide-seeing, far- 
seeing, sober and sagacious planning, and 
the steady, strong pushing which made that 
life memorable. We abate not a jot from 
that estimate and hold it not more generous 
than just. Yet long and intimate connection 
with that life leaves us fully persuaded that 
its great ^^statesmanship" resulted mainly 
from simplicity and steadfastness of faith m 
God, and continual looking for divine guid- 
ance. The wide and great results were not 
all foreseen; the bold steps were not all taken 
with full foresight of all to which they would 
lead. The ** kindly light" was often only 
sufficient for one step forward. ^^Om step 
enough /or m^," was the trustful courage in 
Which each step was firmly taken. 

We hold it to be greatly significant, that 
when the appreciative orator called us to 
**look once more on the dead face "of our 
Christian hero, and made us seem to hear his 
^^ clarion voice " crying, ^^ advance, advance, 
advance " — ^in that solemn contact with the 
very soul of lus departed comrade, he gave 

167 



168 



Advancel — Synods. 



[JfflrcA, 



immediate atterance to the following states- 
manlike, bnsiness-like, Kendall-like words: 
^' There is no donbt that the sustenation of 
chnrches and the support of missionaries in 
the Eastern States, and even as far as the 
Mississippi, onght very soon to be cared for 
by synodical or other provincial agencies, so 
that the Board might be free to employ its 
resources entirely in more distinctively mis- 
sionary work." 

When, ten years ago, the synods of our 
Church were made larger bodies than before 
and generally became oo-terminous with 
States, there came a reyiying of the con- 
sciousness of definite responsibility of each 
synod for all Presbyterian work of evangeli- 
zation and of planting and sustentation of 
churches within its own field. The need of 
help for this work in the younger and feebler 
synods was recognized, and these were seen 
to furnish the prox>er field for the agency rep- 
resenting the entire Church, the honored 
BoABD OF Home Missions. But in the stronger 
synods in the older States, whose people were 
able and willing to furnish more money and 
to rear more ministers than are needed for 
their own accessible populations, it was seen 
to be incongruous that there should any 
longer be dependence upon the Church at 
large. The responsibility of providing for 
their own should be distinctly recognized and 
assumed by the synods, and then, thus in- 
vigorated, they should generously replenish 
the treasuries of the two great Boards of mis- 
sions for their work outside of such weaned 
and full-grown synods, within and beyond 
the boundaries of our great land. It was felt 
to be a graceful, manly, Christian thing, for 
such a synod to say to our Churches Board of 
Home Missions, ^^ As soon as we can make 
the necessary arrangements, we will cease to 
ask of you any appropriations for any portion 
of our field. We will nevertheless continue 



and enlarge our contributions to your treasury 
and our rearing and training of men and 
women, that your proper work may go on in 
accelerating progress all across the Conti- 
nent. Nor will we doubt that this very ex- 
ercise of our faith, working by love, will 
cause also a steady increase of our gifts of 
money and of our educated sons and daugh- 
ters to the work of world-wide evangeliza- 
tion, conducted by the Board of Foreign 
Missions." ' 

Of the three synods in which this virile pur- 
pose earliest took practical form the Synod of 
New Jersey was the most favorably situated, 
inasmuch as its territory was less extended, 
and it had long occupied the entire State, 
whereas in Pennsylvania and New York a 
number of synods in each had been recently 
consolidated and needed time to become fuUy 
conscious of their unity and fully acquainted 
with their field. 

It is not surprising that the Synod of New 
Jersey has found itself able soonest to fulfill 
that purpose. 

But it did surprise those who were 
most hopeful that, at once, it entirely re- 
lieved the Board of Home Missions of all 
care of its field and no longer made any 
drafts at all upon its treasury ; and this, not 
by withholding contributions which it had 
been wont to make to that treasury and turn- 
ing them into its own, but actually giving to 
the treasury of the Board more than ever 
before, at the same^time that it gave directly 
to its own churches more than they had be* 
fore drawn from the Board. 

It must be only a que&tion of time when all 
adjustments wiU be so satisfactorily made in 
the two larger synods, that not only will 
they give, as they have all the while given, 
far more money to thejgeneral treasury than 
they draw^from it for their needy churches, 
but will themselves directly and jbuflldently 



1893.] 



JGrza Ibrahinu 



169 



provide for their own, relieying the general 
B«ard of all perplexing care for them, and 
conserving its strength and increasing its 
resonrces for its continental work. Sarelj 
the greatest and strongest synod of all, the 
one within the bonnds of which Henry Ken- 



dall was bom and edacated and lived all his 
grand life, except its three years in his Pitts- 
burgh pastorate, and in which he died and 
was buried, will not fail to hear and obey the 
*' clarion voice ^' in which he being dead yet 
cries, ''Advance! advance! advance!" 



MIRZA IBRAHI\[. 



Oar readers wiirremember the interesting 
account of thi9 faithful witness for Christ in 
our October number, 1892. That narrative 
was prepared by Dr. Mitchell from narratives 
contained in letters from Persia. Bev. Dr. 
Labaree, the senior member of the West 
Persia Mission, informs us that Mirza Ibra- 
him is still in rigorous imprisonment in Ta- 
briz, sometimes with a chain about his neck. 
Rev. Rabi Baba, of the native Evangelical 
Church, a resident of Oroomiah, is now in 
this country, and has been several times in 
cor editorial room. In one of these visits 
we had this 

CONVXBSATION. 

Editor. I understand that your home, all 
your life- time, has been in or near the city of 
Oroomiah, and^that you came from there in 
June 1891. Did you know Mirza Ibra- 
him, who is now in prison for confessing 
Christ? 

R. B. Yes: I knew him quite well. A 
good many times we have spoken and prayed 
with each other. 

Editor. Did he live in Oroomiah when he 
irasa Moslem? 

R, B. No, he lived in Khoi, three days' 
journey from Oroomiah — about 100 miles. 

Editor. Did he learn the Gospel and be- 
come a Christian in Ehoi? 

R. B, Yes, he learned the Gospel from the 
Evangelical preacher there, whose name is 



Warda,* and he was baptized by Rev. J. C 
Mechlin a missionary. 

Editor. It was at the house of that ver> 
preacher, Warda, that I spent a night with 
Dr. Cochran, Mr. Rogers and my son, when 
we were journeying from Oroomiah to Djulfa 
in November, 1884. I remember Brother 
Wardi's hospitality very well. Is he now 
preaching and teaching in Ehoi? 

R. B, He is. Mirza Ibrahim was perse* 
cuted in Khoi after his baptism, and on that 
account came away and lived in Oroomiah. 
He came, I think^ in 1889. There he was em- 
ployed to do writing for the missionaries, for 
which they payed him four dollars a month. 
E'lUor. Could he live on so small a sum 
and support his family? 

R. B. He had no children, and his wife 
forsook him when he became a Christian. 

Editor. Did he mike open confession of 
his faith in Jesus at Oroomiah? 

R. B. Yes, he could not keep still. He 
went out to preach to Mohammedans for 
Jesus. He kept on doing this nearly a year, 
until they put him in prison. He went once 
to a village near Dizza Taka, and was in the 
house of the preacher there, a young man, 
David, a son of Kasha (pastor) Hourmudz, 
whom you heard preach at the dedication of 
the new chapel in Dizza Taka. 

*^arda In SyrUto means a ro$: Jast so we lutTe Ifn 
Ro$e. 



170 



Mirza Ibrahim. 



l^Mdrchy 



Ibrahim and Dayid went about the Tillage 
talking with Mohammedans and telling them 
about Je8U8 and his Gospel. 

The news of this came to the Khan (ruler 
of that village), who sent a message to 
David, requiring him to put Ibrahim out of 
his house. 

David's answer was: ^^ I ^ill not put him 
out, for he is my brother." The Khan sent 
a message to the governor, who sent men to 
bring Ibrahim and David before him. 

The governor asked Ibrahim what was his 
religion. He held a New Testament in his 
hand and said, **This is Injil (Gospel); do 
you acknowledge it to be a book of God ? " 
The governor answered, ** Yes." 

Ibrahim said: ^* I follow the teachings of 
this book." 

The governor then asked: '^What think 
you of Jesus f " Ibrahim replied : ^ * I believe 
in Him as the Saviour. Whoever believes in 
Him wiU have eternal life." 

The governor then asked : <* What is your 
opinion of Mohammed ? " 

He answered, **That which I believe I 
have told you. Aboat Mohammed it is for 
you to decide." The governor then ordered 
both Ibrahim and David to be severely beaten. 
This order was fulfilled, and then both men 
were sent to prison. After two days David 
was set free, but Ibrahim was kept in prison, 
and there he began to speak the Gospel to 
the other prisoners. Just as Paul said, ^ ' The 
word of God was not bound." 

The prisoners all liked him, and thought 
him a good man. 

Letters from Oroomiah tell me that Ibra- 
him is still kept in prison. By Mohammedan 
law, a Mohammedan declaring himself a 
Christian should be put to death. But if 
Uiis should be openly done, all the people 
would know that one intelligent Mohamme- 
dan had become a Christian. Tliis the rulers 



seem to be trying to avoid. They hope, I 
have no doubt, by keeping him in prison and 
making him suffer so much, to make him re- 
nounce his faith in Chriat and come back to- 
Islam. Lately the Shah and the Governor 
of Azerbi jan at Tabriz sent a message to him 
asking, ^* What is the fault for which you are^ 
in prison ? " Such a question from the rulers 
in Persia to any prisoner was never heard 
before. They knew very well for what 
offense Ibrahim was in prison I Bat lam 
sure that they hoped he would name some 
other thing and not confess himself a Chris- 
tian. But Ibrahim answered, '*I am a new 
converted Christian ; I believe in that same 
Jesus whom the Koran declares to be Buh 
Allah, i. e.. Spirit of God. 

Being kept in prison, this man preachea 
Christ more than if he was not in prison. 
This is in three ways: 

1. The Mohammedans never believed that 
any one of them would become a Christian. 
Now they are convinced that Mirza Ibralmn 
has become a Christian, and that he cannot 

be frightened to deny his faith. 

3. My friends write me that many Moham- 
medans are getting the Bible and studying it 
to find out what this Christian faith is. 

8. This man*s example is making the 
Christians much more courageous in avowing 
their faith, and in working for the conversion 
of the Mohammedans. 



So Paul wrote to his beloved Philippiana 
from his imprisonment in Rome : 

Now I would have you know, brethren, that 
the things tchich happened unto me have fallen 
out rather unto the progress of the gospel ; so thai 
my bonds became manifest in Christ throughout 
the whole preetorlan guard, and to all the rest: 
and that most of the brethren in the Lord, being 
confident through my bonds, are more abund* 
antly bold to speak the word of God without 
fear. 



1898.] 



Pacific Coa&t Picneers. 



171 



Pacifio Coast Pioneers. — In Dr. Babb^s 
interesting account of them in onr January 
number, page 9, he wrote, ^* The only sur- 

yivors of the ministers who came in 1849-60 
are Rev. S. H. Willey, D. D., who is princi- 
pal of a Female Seminary in San Francisco, 
and Bey. Albert Williams, organizer of the 
First Presbyterian Church in San Fran- 



cisco 



jf 



Dr. Babb afterward wrote us, he had 
learned that another of those honored pio- 
neers still lives, Rev. T. Dwight Hunt. We 
have also received a letter from Mr. Hunt, 
giving some interesting reminiscences which 
should go to our readers, to be kept with Dr. 
Babb's. They came after our February num- 
ber was entirely printed, and ready for the 
mail. 

In Dr. BabVs article, (page 8) he gives 
** December, 1848 " as the time of Mr. HunVs 
arrival from the Sandwich Islands, where he 
had been a missionary. Mr. Hunt corrects 
this, and gives October 29, 1848, as '^the 
exact date." This seems to show him the 
first pioneer of them all. He says : 

Allow me also to add that all classes of people 
united in calliog me to the chaplaincy of the 
town. So desperate had become the morals of 
the place, and so universal had become tbe desire 
for some minister of the Gospel to set up tbe 
Sabbath and institute needed reforms, that even 
the most godless united with the few Christians 
in the welcome that met me on the very day of 
my arrival, and in the call that two days after, 
in public meeting, invited me to become the vil- 
lage pastor. 

This general relationship to Christians of sev- 
eral denominations, was the reason, as Dr. Babb 
says, why I did not at once organize a Presby- 
terian Church. 

The same reason will explain why Bev. Albert 
Williams, coming 5 or 6 months later, was the 
organizer and first pastor of the first Presby- 
terian Church in San Francisco, and why soon 
after, to meet the next call for a church organi- 



zation, I organized and became first pastor of 
the first Congregational Church in the city and 
State. 

The same reason will also explain why the 
Bev. O. C. Wheeler, of the Baptist Board, who 
came on the first steamer, anticipated us both by 
the organization of a Baptist Church. 

May I add also that the same General Assem^ 
bly (1849) which grouped Messrs. Willey and 
Douglas with myself into the Presbytery of 
San Francisco also appointed me, as the first 
pioneer, its first Moderator. 

I was alone in the State four months until the 
first steamer brought Rev. Messrs. Woodbridge, 
Douglas, Willey and Wheeler to share in the 
toils and honor of laying the foundations of the 
future Church and State. 

My first dwelling place — for six months — was 
in the unfinished attic of a very friendly Mor- 
mon, and my bed for that period was a canvas 
hammock hung between two rafters. My study 
table was a dry goods box, at which I sat and 
wrote sermons and letters all winter without a 
fire— my legs kept warm by an extra pair of 
pants, and my shoulders and arms covered with 
a cloak. 

But I was never so happy— and never in better 
health— as in those early days of pioneer work« 
when heart and hands were full of care and 
work, and when the rapid growth of all things, 
material and spiritual, inspired my hope for tbe 
best results, and quickened my zeal to my best 
endeavors. 

Similar was and is the testimony of those 
grand men sent out by our Boards whom I had 
the pleasure to welcome to their important parts 
of that work, most of whom have been called 
up higher, but two of whom remain — one in a 
most useful supplementary work of education 
in San Francisco, and the other in honorable and 
well earned retirement at West Orange, New 
Jersey. 



It should here be added that Rev. T. Dwight 
Hunt, now in his seventy -second year, is still la 
the active work of the ministry as settled pastor 
of the Church in Western ville, N. Y., m th$ 
Presbytery of Utica. 



172 



Hausa Memorial Association in the Soudan. 



IMareh^ 



Chautauqua and the Brotherhood of 
Christian Unity. — Bishop J. H. Vincent has 
arranged for a day at the Chantanqua Assem- 
bly next summer to be devoted to the inter- 
ests of the Brotherhood of Christian Unity, 
under the direction of its founder, Mr. Theo- 
dore F. Seward. 

The following departments or subjects will 
be represented by eminent speakers : — 

1. The eyangelical denominations; 2. De- 



nominations that are not classified as evan- 
gelical; 8. Non-Church members who are 
Christians; 4. Lay congresses and inter-de- 
nominational movements; 5. Sectarian waste 
in frontier towns; 6. The relation of Chris- 
tian Unity to Foreign Missions. 

Suggestions on the above lines or in any 
way tending to the promotion of Christian 
Unity are solicited. Address Theodore F. 
Seward, 19 Park Place, New York. 



THE HAUSA MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION IN THE SOUDAN. 

REV. JAMES JOHNSTON. 



In a commendable form the friends of that 
deeply lamented missionary, the Rev. J. A. 
Robinson, have decided to perpetuate his 
labors in the Hausa countries on the Middle 
Niger, which will take the shape of a scien- 
tific-philanthropic association for the study of 
the Hausa language and people, and the ad- 
vancement of the highest interest of the na- 
tives. An equally important object contem- 
plated by the Hausa Association is the trans- 
lation of the Scriptures into that language, 
which must, by and by, materially aid in the 
evangelization of the Mohammedan lands of 
the Central Soudan. The death of Mr. Rob- 
inson last year was a disastrous blow to the 
prospects of Niger Missions and the conver- 
sion of the Hausa Mohammedans to Chris- 
tianity. 

This intrepid pioneer was a co-leader with 
Mr. Graham Wilmot- Brooke, another martyr 
missionary who, in March, 1893, succumbed 
to black water fever at Lokoja, a malig- 
nant disorder which had previously carried 
off his colleague. For the cause of Moham- 
medan missions in that part of Africa Mr. 
Robinson gave up a brilliant career at Cam- 
bridge, England, and a large income at home. 
A devotedly self-sacrificing man his person- 
ality recalls the figure of that scholarly and 
sainted missionary, the Rev. Marsham Ar- 
gles, who died a few years back in the ser- 
vice of the Oxford Mission to Calcutta. 

It was with some difficulty that Mr. Robin- 
son, on account of modesty, though posses- 
ting inexhaustible energy, could be per- 



suaded to accept the post of joint leader of 
the fresh mission to the Upper Niger and 
the Soudan. For two brief years he lived 
among the Hausa races, and, in an astonish- 
ing degree, won their confidence. At the 
time he was fatally seized by fever he had 
mapped out a prolonged missionary expedi- 
tion and sojourn. He has fortunately left 
behind him very clear suggestions respecting 
the lines which it is desirable to follow in the 
effort to evangelize the large populations, 
and, as far as possible, avoid rousing Arab 
fanaticism in the wide Soudan. One of the 
first planks in Mr. Robinson^s missionary 
platform was an accurate translation of the 
Bible in the Hausa tongue, to which the 
newly-formed association will give its warm 
cooperation. 

Of the Hausas, one of the most import- 
ant races in West Central Africa, little is 
known in Europe and the United States. As 
soon, however, as the recently-accomplished 
brilliant journey of the Frenchman, Com- 
mander Monteil, is published, some valuable 
contributions will be made to the knowledge 
of a dangerous and hitherto inaccessible re- 
gion. On this trans-Saharan expedition to 
Lake Chad, M. Monteil set out two years ago 
and traveled su'^cessfully from Segon, on the 
Upper Niger, across the chord of the arc 
formed by the Niger to Say, due east through 
Sokoto, the Sultan of which is one of the 
most powerful rulers of the Hausa states in 
the Central Soudan, to Ghtndu, Kano and 
Kuka, the capital of the Mohammedan 



1898.] 



Hausa Memorial Associatiim in the Soudan, 



173 



State of Boriia,^eTentaall7 reaching Tripoli. 
Tlie Hansas represent the enterprising and 
commercial portion of a large, though not 
wholly barbaroas population of a territory in 
and near the basin of the Niger, which covers 
about half a million square miles identified 
primarily with the voyages and travels of 
Lander, Mungo Park, Dr. Barth, Caille and 
Binger. One reason of this part of the Dark 
Continent being shrouded from the eye of the 
outside world may be the vast breadth of 
savage or fanatical states which separate the 
Central Soudan from civilizing influence, both 
on the west and on the east coasts of Africa, 
while on the other hand the Great Sahara, 
with its nomad Tourregs, has rendered ac- 
cess from the Mediterranean well nigh im- 
possible. 

A direct and most natural route to the 
Central Soudan is evidently feasible by as- 
cending the waterways of the Niger, crossing 
a malarial belt some hundreds of miles broad 
which later experience shows has not the 
deadly perils frequently attributed to it. 
Mr. Joseph Thomson, the Scotch traveller, 
deecribes this area of the Central Soudan as 
of enormous extent aod more densely popu- 
lated than any other sphere of the Dark Conti- 
nent. It is dotted over with numerous towns 
inhabited by varying numbers up to 150,000 
souls, a people far advanced in civilization 
and, throughout Northern Africa, famous 
for a variety of manufactures and industry. 
Much superior to the savage tribes on the 
Congo, for example, they have many of the 
wants and ideas which progress implies. 
Over the greater part of this immense region 
the Hausas, the principal merchant traders 
on the face of the African Continent, whose 
home in the Hausa States lies south of the 
Great Sahara, between the Middle' Niger and 
lAke Chad, are continually passing with 
their caravans. 

Hauaa-speaking merchants travel with 
their caravans northward to Tripoli, east- 
ward to Suakim, southward to the Gulf of 
Ouinea, and westward to the Atlantic, rep- 
resenting a total population estimated at 
cne-hundredth of the human race and, pos- 
sibly, a greater portion, who use the Hausa 
iongoe. In the speech of this race there 



is not a complete dictionary or grammar, a 
linguistic blank which hindered Mr. Robin- 
son from holding familiar communication 
with the people. The influential English 
committee, whose funds have already received 
handsome donations, includes leading men in 
raligious and missionary organizations and, 
in the departments of science and travel, 
who have resolved upon founding two or 
more studentships of the Hausa language. 
These will be held by acknowledged capable 
philologists, who are also qualified in other 
ways to fulfil the necessary conditions. 

The primary work of the ^^ Robinson stud- 
ents " will be lo gather materials for transla- 
tions of the Scriptures into that tongue. For 
this purpose they will take up their residence 
at Tripoli with a view to proceeding later to 
the Central Soudan, and there more definitely 
preparing the way in the heathen wilderness 
for the enlightenment and Christianizing of 
millions, to rescue whom, those promising 
young laborers, John Alfred Robinson and 
Graham Wilmot-Brooke, died heroically in 
carrying out the loftiest traditions of the 
missionary spirit and enterprise. 

What effect the death of Cardinal Lavigerie 
may have on North African and Soudan mis- 
sions it is impossible at present to forecast. 
He will be remembered as one of the most 
zealous champions of the an ti- slavery cause 
in Africa and a friend of the Negroes. With 
some of his methods Protestants naturally 
had small sympathy. The CardinaPs organi- 
zation of a fraternity of armed laymen as 
pioneers, to restore fertility to the Sahara, 
has not succeeded, and the community has 
just been dissolved. He died at Algiers on 
November 26 and was buried at Carthage. 

Turning to Church of England missions 
there is deep regret at the resignation, and 
its acceptance, of the Rev. Eric Lewis of the 
Soudan Mission. Recognized as a man of 
power, of conspicuous devotion on the field, 
and well acquainted with the Soudan, he was 
equally loyal to the Committee^s instruc- 
tions. 



(( 



But to do good and to communicate for- 
get not; for with such sacrifices God is well 
pleased.^' 



Lijieoln Univerdty. 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



W. P, WHITE, 



Of all the forms of beaevotent effort naw 
engaging the attention of churches, Eocieties 
and individnaU none is of greater importance 
to OS, at least as citizens of the United States, 
than that which seeks the edacation and eleva- 
tion of the eight millions of the African race 
rending among ns. They are our fellow citi- 
zens. The right of snSrage is possessed by 
them. They are increasing at the rate of 
lSO,OO0ayeBr. And great nambers of them 
are ignorant and degraded, with scant oppor- 
tnnities of Christian education. What a 
threatening element to national peace, prog- 
ress and prosperity! 

Who can help being interested in the effort 
to provide for them, from their own race, 
Christian educators — those who shall be com- 
petent to preach to them and instruct them 
and endsaTor, as brethren, to lift them to 
a higher plaint 

Of institntions, making the advanced edu- 
cation of colored youth and their training as 
teachers and preachers to their own people a 
chief end and aim, one of the foremost, as 
well as the earliest established, is Lincoln 
University. 

It is located in Biutem Pennsylvania on 
the line of the Philadelphia and Baltimore 
Cental Railroad, 49 miles from Philadelphia 



and QI from Baltimore. No better physical 
or geographical location could be found. 

It is near enough the border line of the 
South to be easily accessible by ihe great 
majority of those needing and desiring its 
benefits, and yet far enough from the asso- 
ciations and influences to which they have 
all their life been subjected. 

It was founded in 18S4, six years before- 
the war which gave emancipation to the 
colored race. During this period it had to 
contend with prejudice strong and bitter. 
The negro's right to be a man and to receive 
the blessings which Christ offers freely to 
every race was not then so aniversally 
admitted. 

Previous to 1864 it was kuown as Ashmnn 
Institute; but in that year an amended char- 
ter, with additional privileges, was obtained 
for it, and a new name was assumed — one 
that will be forever linked with the freedom 
of the negro and with the most eventful 
crisis of American history. 

Since then the institution has grown largely 
in resources, in Inflaence and in adaptability 
to the end for which it was established. 

The results of Its work will compare favor- 
ably with that of any institution of like 
age in the history of our country. 



17(i 



Lincoln Univtrtity. 



[Marck, 



Five handred joung men hay« been cent 
out from the Preparatory Department and 
from the lower classes of the Collegiate De- 
partment, many of whom are engaged in 
important positions as teachers in the Sonth- 
em Stales. 

Nearly four hnndred have been gradnated 
from the Collegiate Department afler a courEe 
of instruction extending through four and in 
many cases seven years. Most of these 
graduates are engaged in professional and 
-edocatiooal labors in the South. 

About two hundred have graduated in the 
Theological Department and received ordina- 



tion as ministers in different Evangelical 
denominations. 

Thirteen have gone to Africa as mission- 
aries tit the cross. 

The Inatitntion has so commended itself to 
noble men and women of wealth during the 
past twenty-five years as to lead them to 
place it apon a firm financial basis, thns 
securing to it a large degree of success in Its 
work. 



Mr. Fayerweather in including it, a few 
years since, with other repT«sentative insti- 
tutions of the land, for a share in his munifi- 
cent bequest, to the extent of one hundred 
thousand dollars, testified in the mott strik- 
ing way to its importance and asefnlness. 

The campus or grounds of the University 
consist of seventy-eight acres on which are* 
foar dormitories for students ; nine residences 
for professors; Livingston Hall foe com- 
mencement assemblies, capable of seating 
one thousand persons; University Hall, 
a four-story bailding, containing eighteen 
rooms, designed largely for recitation and 
class purposes, carefully constructed and 
conveniently arranged and surmounted by 
a revolving observatory for the reception 
of the telescope recently presented to the 
University; and The Mart Don Browm 
Mehokial Cbapel, containing an audience 
room for Sabbath services seating four hun- 
dred persons, a Prayer Hall foi daily use 
communicating wiih the chapel by eliding 
frames, and two class-rooms similarly con- 
nected with the Prayer Hall. 

The nine professorships, Including the 
president's chair, are all endowed and filled 
by able and efficient scholars and teachers. 

For twenty-seven years Rev. Isaac N, 
Kendall, D. D., has been its President 
and to his eminent fitness for the posi- 
tion is owing largely its success and present 
proud position among institutions of its 
kind. 

The connection with it in earlier years, ai 
instructors, of such men as Reverends £. E. 
Adams, E. R. Bower, Thomas W. Cattell 
and Casper R. Gregory served to give it wide 
reputation. 

Elach successive year of its history has 
brought to it an increased number of stud- 
ents until now two hundred and forty crowd 
its halls and tax to the utmost its measure of 
accommodation and means for their support. 

These 240 students represent twenty-two 
States of the Union, the West Indies, South 
America and Africa. 

Among them are seven sons of Alumni. 
Three-fourths of them at least are professing 
Christians. Perhaps one-half of them will 
study for the ministry. 



Ifc98.] 



Lincoln University. 



THE BARY C 



> BROWN 



1891. 



In their eager desire for knowledge and in 
their nptness of reception of it; in their 
■pplication to study and their readiness in 
recitation; in their observance of the mles 
of the institution and in their conduct of 
their devotional meetings little difFerence is 
obserred t>etween them and those of white 
institutions. 

The most of them however are very poor 
and nine-tenths of them will fail to acquire 
an education unless they receive help from 
the henevolent. Hence though Lincoln Uni- 
versity is well eqnipped and endowed, yet 
yearly it most appeal to the public for the 
maintenance of those stadents who have 
■ought admission within its walls, but bare 
no means of support while there, Scholar- 
■hipa of from one hundred to one haudred 
and thirty dollars a year Lb needed to feed 
and warm them and provide with light, fnx- 
Qiture, &c. 

The cnrricninm of the University has 
in the past been at Itast 09 a per with, 
if not in advance of, other institntionp, 



bat if it would keep abreast of the times it is 
felt that advance must be mode in conrseB of 
study, and hence endowments for new- chairs 
are earnestly songbt. 

To meet the increasing applications of 
students for admission a new dormitory must 
also be erected. Without it the institution 
must remain stationary. 

A suitable building for the accommodation 
of the growing library of fifteen thousand 
rolnmes is also most urgently demanded. 

How soon the friends of the colored race, 
recognizing the importance of the work 
which Lincoln University is doing and the 
still greater work it is possible for her to do 
will supply her present needs we know not. 
We feel assured that in time they will. But 
we hope that the waiting period will not be 
allowed to last very long, for the fields are 
already white to the harvest and the cry 
to come over and help ns is heard from 
many thousands who are anxiously desirous 
of being helpers to others of the millions of 
their race. 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



TRBA.SUREB'S STA.TEMBJIT OP RECBEPTS, MAY 1 TO JAN. 81, 1893 AND 18»3. 





1 

CHUSCHIS. 

1 


WOMBII*8B*D8. 


SAB. BOBOOUI 


T. 9. 8. 0. B. 


LBOA0IB8. 


msoBZXyiincouB 


TOTAL. 


18M 
IMS 


$151,191 86 
1M.178 60 


$106,78B 80 
119,716 88 


$17,480 01 
19,079 60 


$8,549 15 
6,786 86 


$68.087 88 
•119L4S8 66 


68|410 87 


$800,<75 80 
458,600 68 


OftiB 
LOM 


9».066 74 


$&,S28 08 


$1,640 49 


$8,987 11 


$44,881 a 


$1,160 08 


$50,888 88 



*ThoBoBrd hM reeetvBd Cram the estate of Mn. Mmry Stewart $50,000, lubject to a refunding bond and IntereeL 

Total appropriated. $1,036,888 90 

Defloit of Maj 1,1888 54,681 08 

Total needed forbear. 1,068,806 04 

fteoel Ted front all eoBToeB to Febnuuy 1,1803 456,600 68 

Amount to be reeelTed before May 1, 1808, to meet all obllgationa • 601,105 48 

BeceiTedhMt7eer,Febniai7 1,1888, to Maj 1,1808 588;016 67 

fncreaae needed before tlie end of the XMU" 860,178 75 

Copies fumiihed-on appUeatkm. 



Happily the tide of receipts, which, with 
distressing uniformitj has been running at 
ebb most of the year, has tamed. Comparing 
the figures with those of last year we note 
with deyout gratitude to Gk>d an increase in 
every department, not only for the month of 
January, but for the fiscal year to January 
8 1st. Of coarse, we do not forget that this 
large advance is owing mainly to the appro- 
priation for current use of $50,000 from the 
legacy of the late Mrs. R. L. Stuart, which 
the Board had hoped to use as a fund to 
borrow against daring the dry season of the 
treasury. But even this apart, we are still 
more than |9,000 in advance of the same 
period last year. Let us thank God and take 
courage, for courage, vigilance and energy 
are still needed. More than $600,000 must 
be received between February 1st and April 
80th, in order to close the year without debt, 
or $69,000 over the amount received during 
the sdme period last year. 



We are glad to see various calls for meet- 
ings of the representatives of the Presbyte- 
rian Christian Endeavor Societies for the pur- 
pose of discussing practical methods of inter- 
esting their members and others in the work 

178 



of Home and Foreign Missions. The im- 
portance of training the young for the gpreat 
responsibilities which must soon devolve 
upon them along these lines cannot be over- 
estimated. 

F." F. Elunwood, 

Wm. C. Roberts. 



Dr. Samuel Jessup, of our Syria Mission, 
who* endeared himself to so many of God^s 
people during his recent furlough in the 
United States, and who has recently returned 
to his field, writes, *^I find the work here 
growing everywhere.- Our schools were 
never so full, especially the boarding schools. 
There is the same repression on the part of 
the Turk but our mission pushes steadily and 
quietly on. We are praying hard for a 
special blessing— that after all these years of 
subsoiling and deep plowing and sowing, we 
may reap a harvest that wiU make men and 
angels rejoice I *^ 

The Rev. A. A. Fulton^ of Canton, with 
three native preachers, recently visited forty- 
nine villages, holding three preaching ser- 
vices daily. He baptized five persons, mak- 
ing twenty-seven in all since May last. 



1898.] 



JUtMsionaty Conferences in Aew York. 



179 



MISSIONARY CONFERENCES IN NEW 

YORK. 

Three important Missionary Conferences 
were held in the Mission Honse, 58 Fifth 
Avenue, New York, on as many sncoessiye 
days, beginning January 11th. The first 
two were held at the suggestion of the Alli- 
ance of Reformed Churches, which recently 
sat in Toronto. That held on the 11th con- 
sisted of the members of the Committee of 
the Alliance, and representatives of the Boards 
of Foreign Missions connected with Churches 
identified with the Alliance; while that held 
on the 13th was open to all Foreign Mission- 
ary Boards of the United States and Canada. 
Eight boards and societies were represented 
on the first day, and nineteen on the second, 
besides the Committee of the Alliance, the 
American Bible Society and the International 
Committee of the Y. M. C. A. Expressions 
of interest in the Conference were received 
from several missionary societies who could 
not respond to the invitation, while it was 
deeply regretted that owing t(^an unfortunate 
oversight the Moravians were not represented. 
Practical topics, both on the home and foreign 
side of the work, were discussed briefly and 
earnestly, the time being sj distributed as to 
give every Board represented an opportunity 
of being heard. The discussions throughoat 
were interspersed with prayer, the intention 
being to keep everything connected with the 
Conferences on a high spiritual plane. The 
officers and members of our Board counted it 
a great privilege to welcome so many dis- 
tioguished guests, including honored brethren 
occupying positions of responsibility in For- 
eign Missionary Boards in this country and 
Canada. The fellowship was delightful and 
helpful, — so much so that provision was 
made for calling a similar conference at some 
subsequent time. Arrangements were made 
for printing the proceedings ef the two con- 
ferences in pamphlet form. Meanwhile it is 
thought wise to lay before the Church the 
conclusions reached as embodied in the reso- 
lutions adopted which are given below. 

The Conference of the third day was be- 
tween representatives of the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Southern Presbyterian Church 
and of our own Board, and was held in ac- 



cordance with the recommendation of the 
respective General Assemblies. The entire 
day was spent in considering various topics 
bearing upon co-operation in the foreign field. 
The proceedings were marked throughout by 
a spirit of brotherly love and an earnest de- 
sire on both sides to reach some working 
basis of co-operation in fields already jointly 
occupied, and to take steps for even wider 
co-operation wherever possible. The recom- 
mendations, after approval or modification by 
the Executive Committee and the Board, re- 
spectively, will be presented to the General 
Assemblies at their next sessions. 

▲CnON OF CONnCBXNCS HXLD JANUABT llTH. 

. (1.) With respect to the question of uniformity in 
the salaries and other allowances paid to mission, 
ariee of different societies occupying the same fields 
the Conference would express its deep sense of the 
importance of joint efforts on the part of all Presby- 
terian and Reformed missions to diminish the wide 
differences which now exist. 

To this end the Conference heartily, reconunends 
that the different Presbyterian and Reformed Boards 
of Foreign Missions shall by conference or corres- 
pondence or both, study to accomplish at least an 
approximate uniformity in salaries on the fields 
where their missions are contiguous. 

(2 ) The Conference feels that the principle of uni- 
formity in the salaries of native preachers, teachers 
and other helpers is of stiU'greater importance. The 
possibility of receiving a larger salary from a neigh- 
boring mission is one of the worst temptations that 
can possibly present itself to the mind of a native 
laborer. It not only involves serious injustice to the 
mission which has borne the expense of training up 
a preacher or other helper, but it sadly demoralizes 
the native ministry by giving emphasis to an un- 
worthy motive. 

Moreover it is fatal to that harmony among dif- 
ferent missions which it is most important to pre- 
serve and cultivate. The Conference therefore 
earnestly recommends all the missions which it rep- 
resents, to avoid the offer of a larger salary in any 
case, without consultation with the mission to whi<di 
the helper belongs. 

(3.) The plan of raising funds for missions in the 
home churches by subscription commends itself to 
the Conference as likely to result in an increase; and 
without presenting any particular method of secur- 
ing subscriptions, and without suggesting any 
pledgee made by Presbyteries or Synods, the Con- 
ference recommends that individual churches care- 
fully consider the feasibility of aaopting some sys- 
tematic method by which all church members and 
the c(Migregation may be asked to contribute for the 
cause of missions. 
(4.) The Conference would express its great satis- 



180 



Missionary Conferences in New York. 



[^Marchj 



faction at the .results which have been accomplished 
within the last two decades, by Women's Boards 
and Societies of the i'resbyterian and Reformed 
Churches. By their generous s dditioDS to the funds 
of the Boards and by the diffusion of knowledge on 
the general subject of missions especially among 
the young; in the goodly number of representatiyes 
of their own sex whom they are supporting on the 
mission fields, and in the bonds of sympathy which 
they are establishing, they are exerting an influence 
of incalculable value. It is the prayer of the Con- 
ference that in the years to come still greater bless- 
ings may attend their efforts and their prayers. 

(5) The Conference sympathizes with the mis- 
sions which it represents in their difficulty of devel- 
oping the self-help of the native churches. But 
such is its deep sense of the importance of this sub- 
ject that it is constrained to urge upon the misrions 
continued effort in this direction. 

We realize the poverty of the native churches in 
all foreign lands, but we believe that the New Tes- 
tament example in its methods of spreading Chris- 
tianity so largely on the principle of self-support is 
not an example which it is impossible to foUow in 
our day. As a rule the burdens laid upon the native 
churches are even less than those imposed by their 
own heathen systems. It is believed that the efforts 
to gradually develop self-support in the churches is 
not only safe but most salutary. It promotes not 
weakness, but increased fetreng^, intellectually and 
spiritually. 

(6) The Conference, therefore, recommends, (a) 
That the churches be encouraged to call native pas- 
tors at as early a day as possible. (6) That from 
the first they be trained to assume at least some 
small part of their pastor^s support and that the 
proportion be increased as rapidly as possible till 
self-support be attained. The history of the 
churches in the New Hebrides and in Samoa has 
shown that now, as in the days of the churches of 
Macedonia, the very poor may set examples worthy 
of being followed by all. 

(7) Whereas, some Mission Boards spend large 
sums upon institutions for the Higher Education of 
natives, while others are content to confine their 
efforts mainly to evangelistic work, 

Eeaolvedf That we recommend co-operation among 
Presbyterian and Reformed Missions in the conduct 
of institutions for the Higher Bducation, especially 
in the education of mission agents, and that when 
one mission takes advantage of the educational in- 
stitutions of another mission for the training of 
their mission agents, these advantages should be 
gratefully acknowledged, and some share taken of 
the financial burden of the mission which supports 
these institutions. 

(8) The Conference takes a deep interest in the 
question of sending lay missionaries to the foreign 
field. It regards the subject as worthy of earnest 
thought, and of future conference. The compara- 
tive value of industrial education presents a problem 
npon which further light seems likely to be thrown 



by the experiments which are being made in some 
of our missions along that line. The whole subject 
should have increased attention. 

(9) Resolved, That it is the sentiment of this Con- 
ference that it should be embodied in the regulation* 
of the different Boards and Societies in oonnection 
with this Alliance that in no case a communicant 
from another mission shou!d be received without a 
certificate of good standing, and that in all respects 
there should be proper Christian courtesy main- 
tained with all other churches. 

(tO) The Conference recommends to the various 
Boards here represented, that they seek to establish 
co>operation and concert of action in all matters re- 
lating to Foreign Missions, which shall not confiict 
with the rights, duties and privileges of the re- 
spective Boards. 

ACTION OF THE CONFERENCE HEU) JANUARY l^TH. 

(1.) The importance of the examples and deeds of 
the apostles, who were divinely commissioned to 
plant the Christian Church in so many parts of the 
Roman Empire, is to be heartily recognised, and so 
far as a change of circumstances will admit, the 
methods of evangelistic work in New Testament 
days are to be taken as instruction and guide to the 
missionary work of to-day. 

(2.) The Conference, recognizing the desire of some 
of the more able and promising native converts in 
many fields to visit America and enjoy the advant- 
ages of the schools and Christian life of this country , 
is at the same time agreed in the conviction, war- 
ranted by the express judgment of the missionaries 
on^ the field and the experience of past years, that 
native eonverts should be discouraged from coming 
to Europe and America for education ; and the Con- 
ference 1b unanimously of the opinion that such na- 
tives educated in America should not be commis- 
sioned on the ordinary missionary basis. 

(3.) The Conference desires to express its convic- 
tion of the importance of a careful and economical 
administration of missionary funds; and while sat- 
isfied that in no part of church affairs is so great 
economy shown as in the collection and distribution 
of funds for foreign missionary work, it would em- 
phasize the importance of still further effort being 
made to perfect and simplify the financial business 
of these Boards. To thisend it adopts the following 
resolution: 

That the Conference urge upon the Boards of 
Foreign Missions the careful consideration of plans 
for analyzing appropriations and expenditures, with 
a view to securing, if possible, some uniformity in 
this respect which will make the study of different 
forms of work more practical. 

(1.) The Conference deeply feels the importance of 
developing spiritual power, and stimulating mission- 
ary effort in the native churches, and desires to ex- 
press its unanimous and emphatic conviction that 
this interest rightly take the first place in the 
thought, both of missionary Boards at home and of 
missionary laborers in the field. It would call the 
especial attention of missionary laborers to the im- 



1893.] 



Second Journey in the Interior. 



181 



portanqe of this part Of their work, and would urge 
as an indispensable condition to success in this effort, 
a deepened tone of personal Christian life. 

(5 ) The Ck>nference is agreed that the direct 
preaching of the €k)6pel should have precedence in 
all missionary effort. Other forms of work— educa- 
tional, literary and medical—are important, but 
they should be subsidiary to the prime matter of 
giving the gospel for the salvation and edification of 
the people. 

(6.) In awakening the churches on the subject of 
the world^s evangelization, the main instrumentality 
is a faithful ministry giving regular instruction on 
the essential obligati sn of giving the gospel to man- 



kind and the progp-ess of mission work. The success 
of all other agencies will largely depend on the en- 
thusiasm of pastors in preaching the gospel of mis- 
sions. 

(7.) The Conference heartily rejoices in the grow- 
ing interest of the young people of our churches in 
this great work of evangelizing the world, and recog- 
nizes in these youth the promise and strength of the 
church of the future. It earnestly recommends that 
in every possible way this interest be so recognized 
and guided as to secure both an increasing number of 
volunteers for the foreign field and enlarged gifts to 
our mission treasuries, and the enthusiastic devotion 
of our youth to this supreme movement of the age. 



SECOND JOURNEY IN THE INTERIOR. 

REV. A. C. GOOD, PH. D., WEST AFRICA. 



My second joumey into the region east of 
Batanga began August 80, and ended October 
4, the party consisting of myself, seven car- 
riers and a guide. 

I took with me provisions and trade goods 
to purchase food for six weeks or two 
months. My guide led me down the 
beach to a point about four miles south of 
Batanga and thence east and southeast seven 
or eight miles to the Lobe River, which flows 
north and northwest and enters the sea at 
the north end of Batanga. Next day we 
kept on southeast having the river on our 
left till noon when we reached Lole, the first 
Bale town. Here we were, from twenty to 
twenty-five miles southeast from Batanga. 
This is the most westerly point reached by 
the Bule in their advance from the interior; 
but they are preparing for another move, and 
it is only a question of a few years when 
they will be within eight or ten miles of 
Batanga. 

This road differs entirely from that fol- 
lowed on my first journey. All the way 
from the beach to this Bule town we were 
passing through villages and farms of the 
Mabea people. Here there is no wide forest 
belt to be crossed where neither shelter nor 
food can be obtained. 

Next day we crossed the Lobe River, and 
after a march of twelve or fourteen miles in 
a direction averaging about northeast we 
reached a long line of Bule towns called 
Kokoa. Our road had been all the way 
throi^h UAbrokeu (ovest, but I waa told that 



on a longer road to our right were many 
towns. At Kokoa a Bible reader would have 
a population of some thousands of souls 
which he could reach within a day^s journey. 
All the Bule encountered thus far belong to 
the same clan or family, and as we go further 
east I continue to hear of large towns of this 
same clan north of our road for thirty or 
forty miles. Aa. there are over one hundred 
Bule clans of which this, the E^akuta, is only 
one, the aggregate population must be large. 
About 2 P. M. on Tuesday in a pouring 
rain, as usual, we reached Mincale, having 
traveled about thirty miles through a very 
mountainous country in a direction a little 
north of east. Here we had expected to rest 
for a few days, but we found food so scarce 
and expensive that we dared not stay long. 
Minkale is a fine situation, elevated from 
2,200 to 2,300 feet above the level of the sea, 
surrounded by peaks three or four thousand 
feet higher, the climate cool and bracing, but 
there is here no field for mission work. 

We stayed one day here and then, hearing 
that there was food in the towns northward, 
we set out in that direction. A tramp of 
four hours brought us to a group of towns 
called Nyabitande. Here hundreds of people 
crowded about me, and I found villages and 
people everywhere. I now began to realize 
that I had been skirting the southern end of 
the Bale country, hence the sparse popula- 
tion. But here I found myself again on the 
main line of migration from the interior 
which I had left «t Kokoa, Que f^ct I re- 



182 



Site for a Mission Station — Iribviary of (he Campo. 



[Marchy 



gretted, however. The barometer which 
indicated an elevation above the sea of over 
2.200 feet for Minkale, only showed 1,640 
feet here at the highest point in these towrs. 
We had ieft the moantains to the south and 
descended into the valley of the Kribi River. 

SITE FOR A MISSION STATION. 

Having laid in a supply of provisions we 
started east next day. From Nyabitande 
eastward in the first four or five miles our 
road passed through twenty or more towns, 
some of them quite large, and together con- 
taining what is, for this part of Africa, a 
very large population. I was especially at- 
tracted by a loni^ line of almost continuous 
villas^es called Nkonemekak where the people 
seemed to swarm on all sides. This line of 
towns partly encircled the base of a hill 
which struck me as an admirable site for a 
mission station. The elevation of the town 
was only 1,600 feet, but this hill is [ think at 
least 200 feet higher. Here is, in my opinion, 
the site for our first interior station. Taking 
into consideration all my observation both 
going and returning, I should say Nkoneme- 
kak is from fifty-five to sixty-five miles a 
little south of east from Batanga in a direct 
line. By the crooked path we must travel, 
the distance is not less than seventy miles, 
but this is the first large centre of population 
on elevated ground we met with in coming 
from the coast, and the largest to be found 
in this region within one hundred miles of 
the sea. This point can be reached from the 
coast by two or three different roads, and 
from here we can go eastward by two roads, 
which soon become three. This is an impor- 
tant consideration in a country where any 
chief who imagines he has a grievance may 
close the road against us. Here too food is 
reasonably abundant, though not very cheap. 
And in all this region I found the people 
friendly and ready to listen to the Gospel 
wherever I stopped long enough to preach to 
them. 

TRIBUTARY OF THB CAMPO. 

On Thursday we reached a considerable 
tributary of the Campo Biver called the 
Maile (pronounced as in Millet) and here the 
scene changed. On either bank of the river 
we found large towns and a few miles south- 



east from where we crossed we came to a line 
of towns called Biba, where we found more 
people than I had yet seen in any one group 
of towns. As I afterwards learned the 
whole valley of the Muile is densely po: u- 
lated, i. e., for Africa, and no wonder: the 
country is as level as a Nebraska prairie, and 
the soil wonderfully fertile. But we miss 
the hills here, and the cool bracing breessea 
that creep down into the valleys from their 
wooded heights. For the first timp since we 
left the sea the heat at noon day became 
oppressive. As I looked about at the luxuri- 
ant vegetation, and at the rich black soil, I 
CO lid not help questioning whether white 
men would not find this valley rather un- 
healthful at times. I speak of this region as 
a valley, but it is really the beginning of the 
plateau which here has an elevation of from 
2,100 to 2,200 feet and rises very gradually as 
it stretches northward. We are here from 
140 to 150 miles from the sea by my reckon- 
ing — by the Government maps, a little far- 
ther — and in a direction a little south of east 
from Batanga. 

The people of Biba, at first timid, soon 
became very rude. We could buy almost no 
food, and for a time they acted as if they 
wanted to loot us. I learned afterward that 
the question of plundering us was openly 
discussed and I could not help thinking how 
easily they could take all we had if they had 
the courage. But we were in no great dan- 
ger. As the matter was discussed, the wise 
ones said the white man has a pouer/iU 
fetich or he would never venture so far from 
his people and we had better let him alone. 
So all I had to do to be perfectly safe was to 
act as if I owned the earth and could easily 
make my claim good. We struck out south- 
east from Biba and soon left the valley and 
were among the hills again. 

INSPIRING WHOLBSOBfE FEAR. 

One of the Biba people was our guide, 
and that night as we sat under our tent 
around a very dim fire, for the wet wood 
could only be persuaded to smoke sullenly, he 
began to sound me as to how we could ven- 
ture with so small a party and only one gun 
among people who were in the habit of plund- 
ering passers by, especially with such wealth 



1893.] 



Inspiring Whdesonu Fear^ 



188 



as we carried? And *^ here in the forest/' he 
said, *'how do yon know who may be prowl- 
log aronnd? Why do yon not keep yonr gnn 
by yon? " 

He never for a moment left his gnn beyond 
his reach and at once noticed that mine was 
leaning against a tree twenty feet away. I 
simply said, ^^I am not afraid." Bnt think- 
ing the story of my carelessness might get 
ont and do harm, I took occasion to slip my 
reyolyer ont of my satchel and into my 
pocket. Then seating myself beside him I 
carelessly drew it ont, tnrned ont the car- 
tridges, and snapped it eight or ten times 
jost to see that it was in good mnning order, 
and then rapidly reloading it, so that he conld 
get no idea of the number of shots it con- 
tained, I slipped it into my pocket again. 
That was enongh. I did not carry the revol- 
ver mnch, there was no need ; bnt from that 
to the end of the journey the fame of the 
small gnn preceded ns wherever we went, 
and we heard no more of proposals to 
p?nnder iia. Scores of times I was asked to 
show the ^' small gun,'* but I always sternly 
reiosed, which, of oonrse, heightened the 
mystery. 

I write all this not to boast of what was really 
a very simple, almost silly, ruse forlrighten- 
ing these timid grown-up children, but to show 
their true character and the difficulties of 
penetrating far into this interior. 

When we are one hundred and fifty miles 
from the coast we are where people are very 
poor in all kinds of goods. M^t of the men 
have guns but they have very little else. 
The meagre outfit of our small party would 
have made several scores of these people feel 
very rich. Knowing them, and taking ad- 
vantage of their exaggerated ideas of a white 
man's power, I easily passed through their 
country, but how often could I do so? Such 
little games as I played on them this time 
with perfect success would soon become old 
and might not answer at all in the interior 
where less had been heard of the white 
man's power. And the further I ^ent the 
more fabulous would seem the value of our 
clothing and loads. I am not at all certain 
that I could have gone one hundred miles 
farther on this road. Not very far from 



where I turned back two Frenchmen with a 
considerable party had a fight with the people 
and came near being wiped out, and the sole 
object of the attack according to native 
accounts was pluoder. The kind of explor- 
ing work I was here doing has therefore, it 
seems to me, its limitations. I could go a 
hundred miles farther in this region in cer- 
tain directions but only by exercising great 
caution. Of course, a strong, well-armed 
party could go where they pleased, but such 
exploration has no place in mission work. 
The true theory is to establish a station and 
from this explore for the next, choosing 
the best seasons and going only one hundred 
miles at a time. 

From Biba we penetrated about twenty- 
five miles further in a southeast direction. 
Here we were among the mountains again ; 
the population was rather sparse, and as far 
as I could learn, continued so for forty or 
fifty miles further. The Campo River which 
I had been vainly trying to reach for the laat 
ten days seemed^ further away than ever. 
Misled by my maps, I had expected to strike 
the Gampo about sixty miles east from Bat- 
anga. At Minkale I was much surprised to 
learn that it was two or three day^s journey 
to the south. At Nemeyon it seemed a little 
nearer, but not much. Then I thought that 
I would surely find it a few days further east. 
We went on five days more, not less than 
seventy or seventy- five miles to the Muile, 
and lol the Campo was said to be still two 
and a half days distant and to be nearest to 
the southwest. I thought I was being de- 
ceived, but when I reached a point twenty or 
twenty-five miles southeast from where we 
crossed the Muile I found I was getting 
farther and farther from the mysterious 
river. Southwest it was said to be three 
days distant, but on the course I was going 
southeast, it was declared to be six or eight 
days' journey to the Campo. I then decided 
that the geography of the Campo River 
needed sevision. And*as I studied the ques- 
tion 1 began to see that many things that be- 
fore had been mysterious to me were cleared 
up by putting the Campo in its right place. 
Its head waters are not far from the latitude 
of its mouth. It flows northwest to about 



184 



A Populous Region — Site for a Second Station. 



[March, 



where the Muile enters it, fifteen or twenty 
miles southwest of where I crossed the latter 
stream, then east to about the longitude of 
Nemeyon and thence southwest to the sea, as 
indicated on the maps. Finding I could not 
reach the Campo or a large population within 
a reasonable distance, I decided to turn back 
and seek for a more populous country to 
the northward. 

A POPULOUS REGION. 

When I gaye up reaching the Campo I de- 
termined to strike northward into the Bule 
country, but at the point where I turned 
back the hostility between two tribes was so 
bitter that no one woald venture to guide me. 
I therefore retraced my steps to Piba, near the 
Muile, and thence struck northward without a 
guide, knowing that in so populous a region 
we would soon strike some town. A mile 
north of Biba we came to a large collection 
of yillrtges called Melen. Here we got a 
guide to a considerable town of the Salahn 
clan who have dealings with the Bule, and 
from here we got a guide to a town of the 
Bule proper. Here we were ten or twelve 
miles northeast of the point where we had 
crossed the Muile River on our way east. 
This town, called Asokesen, was a large one, 
and we were soon surrounded by hundreds of 
good-natured but very curious people. I de- 
termined to go from here to Akok, the town 
at which I had turned back on my former 
journey, and so we started westward once 
more. Our course was between west and 
northwest, and from Asokesen where we 
struck the Bule road took nearly three days' 
hard marching, about forty miles. As soon 
as we started it wa3 clear that we were on an 
important road. Hundreds of people fol- 
lowed us from town to town. We seemed 
hardly to get out of one group of towns till 
we were in another, and at last we came to a 
really immense town a mile or more in length, 
called Biyemyem. 

After this there was a break of a few miles, 
and theii we came to several lines of towns, 
of a chief named Evine, who is famed from 
the coast'to the far interior for violence and 
bloodshed, He has, I am told, eighty wives, 
but his town was not very large and seemed 

to be in a rather dilapidatecl oondition. I 



called to see him, but was glad to find that 
he was away from home. 

SITE FOB A SECOND STATION. 

Next day I found a large population all 
along the road, but no very large aggregation 
of town9 till in the afternoon we came into a 
region called Zingi, from mountains near by 
of that name. Here within two or three 
miles I found five or six large groups of towns 
besides a number of scattered villages. This 
point impressed me most favorably as the site 
of our second station. The distance from 
Nkonemekak is about four or five days. Here 
we are among the hills again and more likely 
to find the country healthful than on the 
plain. A wooded hill near by, a few hun- 
dred feet higher than the town and from 
2,300 to 2,500 feet above sea level, offers a 
fine site for our station, and the proximity 
of high mountains ensures a supply of good 
water. I was especially attracted to this 
place by the fact that we have here a ming- 
ling of many clans or families not only of 
the Bule but also of Fan. Of the Bule there 
were towns of the Yevo from the borders of 
Yeondo on the north, ensuring us an open 
road in that direction, and there were 
Yensele, Yengap, Esehen and Esakoi towns, 
of which clans the first three are just begin- 
ning to come from their old homes far to 
eastward. All these are true Bule; and close 
by is a very large group of towns of Upper 
Campo Fan of the Esamvak clan. I saw 
nowhere else on my whole journey such a 
mingling of different clans. Each of these 
clans numbers from five to ten thousand 
souls, scattered through twenty or thirty 
groups of towns, some of which are still in 
their old homes to eastward, while others 
have already gone farther west, but no mat- 
ter how widely separated the members of 
each clan always try to keep up communica- 
tion with each other. What an influence 
would therefore be exerted by a vigorous 
work located at Zingi I 

[A.f ter a few days more of hard marching, in- 
cluding two and a half consumed in crossing the 
forest bolt, the explorer and his little company 
of carriers reached the coast in saft ty. Some- 
thing concerning the people and the climate of 
the interior will appear in subsequent issues.*^ 



1898.] itissions in Mexico — What Math God Wrought in Mexico t 



185 



Concert af J)rdjer 
J'or C$urc$ ^orft ^6rodb. 

[Conducted by REV. JAMES 8. DENNIS, D. D.] 



JANUARY, . Qcneral Review of MiMioBs. 

FEBRUARY, Misaioos in China. 

if ARCH, Mexico and Central America. 

APRIL, Miaeioas in India. 

MAY, .... Siam and Laos. 

JUNE Missions in Africa. 

JULY, . Indians, Chinese and Japanese in America. 
AUGUST, .... Missions in Korea. 
SEPTEMBER, . Missions in Japan. 

OCTOBER, .... Missions in Persia. 
NOVEMBER, . . Missions in South America. 

Missions in Syria. 



MISSION IN GUATBMALA. 

OUATSKALA CiTY: 60 miloB from the seaport 
of San J 006 ; occnpied 1882; laborers— Rev. Messrs. 
E. M. Haymaker, and D. Y. Iddings, and their 
wives; 1 teacher. 



MISSIONS IN MEXICO. 



SOUTHERN MXXICO. 



City of Mexico: occupied in 1872; laborers- 
Rev. Messrs. Henry C. Thomson, D. D., Hubert W. 
Brown and J. O. Woods and their wives, Miss A. M. 
Bartlett and Miss Ella De Baun. Native ministers: 
Mexico City, Rev. Arcadio MoroUes, Rev. Abraham 
Franco; Toluca, Rev. LuU^rias; Jalapa (Tabasco), 
Rev. Evarufto Huriado; Ozumba, Rev. Jose^ P. 
Navarez; ' Zimapan, Rev. Severiano Gallegos; 
Jacala, Rev. Vincente Ocmez; Zitacuaro, Revs, 
Daniel Rodriquez and Felipe PUstrana; Tuzpan 
(Mich.), Revs. Jliaxifnianp Palomino and Pedro 
Ball<istra; Jungapeo, Rev, Enrique Bianchi; Vera 
Cruz, Rev. Salm^on Diaz; Oalera de Coapilla, Rev, 
Hipolito Quesada; Jalapa (Vera Cruz), Ret, Antonio 
Lopez; Paraiso, Rev. Miguel Arias; San Juan Bau- 
tista, Rev. Leopoldo Diaz; Comalcalco, Rev. Eligxo 
N. Granados; Cardenas, Rev. Procopia C. Diaz; 
ChilpcuDcingo, Rev, Plutcerco Arellano; Tixtia, Rev. 
Prisciliano Zavaleta; licentiates, 6; native teach- 
ers and helpers, 42. 

NORTHERN MEXICO. 

Zacatscas: occupied 1873; laborers— Rev. Thos. 
F. Wallace and wife, and Rev. William Wallace; 
Rev. Jesus Martinez^ Rev. Brigidio Sepulveda^ and 
Rev. Luis Amayo; licentiates, 10; native helpers, 
5. 

San Luis Potosi: occupied 1878; Rev. C. S. Wil- 
liams; Rev. Hesiquio Forcado; licentiates, 3; teach- 
ers, 6. 

Qaltillo: occupied 1884; Rev. Isaac Boyce and 
wife, Mias Jennie Wheeler and Miss Edna Johnson; 
licentiates, 7; teachers, 6. 

San Miguel del Mszquital: occupied 1876; 
laborers— Rev. David J. Stewart and wife; teach- 
ers, 2. 

In this country: Rev. Dr. and Mrs. J. M. Greene, 
Rev. Dr. and Mrs. Henry C. Thomson and Mrs. T. F. 
WaUaoe. 



WHAT HATH GOD WROUGHT IN 

MEXICO? 

Protestant mission work in Mexico has 
hardly attained its majority. It will be 
twenty- one years this coming October since 
it entered the countiy in the form of an 
organized effort. The new era of religious 
liberty has been signalized by the entrance of 
the Gospel, and although religions freedom 
has often been trampled upon, and all its 
rights cruelly and yindictively yiolated, yet 
the Gospel has held its own, and won its 
victories, and is now entering upon a period 
of larger and more triumphant freedom. The 
Papal authorities are still intolerant, and 
would be prepared to sanction bitter perse- 
cution to the extent of martyrdom, were it 
not for the restraint which the Government ex- 
ercises. The story of progress is an inspir- 
ing one, not only in the measure of success 
attained, but in the heroism, devotion, and 
loyalty of Protestant converts. Much honor 
is due to a devoted Christian woman. Miss 
Melinda Rankin, who as early as 1850 began 
the distribution of Bibles in Northern 
Mexico, and for over twenty years she was 
engaged in a work of spiritual pioneering in 
the northern half of the country. The 
results of her work were subsequently incor- 
porated into a mission under the auspices of 
the American Board, while in October, 1872, 
our Presbyterian Board entered the field. 
The struggle to secure facilities and obtain a 
permanent foothold was a severe one, and 
attended with many trials year after year. 

The Methodist Episcopal missionaries were 
in the field early in 1873, and those of the 
American Board entered almost contempor- 
aneously, and at present the Southern Metho- 
dists, the Baptists, (N6rth and South), the 
Southern Presbyterians, the Episcopalians, 
the Friends, the Associated Beformed and 
Cumberland Presbyterians are all engaged in 
missionary efforts within the borders of 
Mexico. 



186 What Haih God Wrought in Mexico f [March, 

Oar own Presbyterian work is probably growing purer or less venal, but its authority 

the strongest, and as regards the number of and power to terrorize are growing weaker, 

workers engaged, and the variety of opera- The Bible is doing its silent work in many 

tions, it is more extensive than that of any hearts, and its distribution throughout Mexico 

othersingle denomination. The spirit which has doubled in the past two years. During 

animates the entire missionary army of the last year the agent of the American Bible 

Mexico is one of delightful harmony and Society sold 4,861 Bibles, 7,475 Testaments 

cordial co-operation, and while the difficulties aiid 9,240 Gospels. Several of the Missions 

are formidable, yet they are constantly lessen- publish religious newspapers that are widely 

ing, and although the opposition is malicious circulated. The centres whei-e preaching 

and persistent, jet its power to do us harm services are established are increasing rapidly 

is steadily weakening. The Government is in number. The schools of the various Mis- 

openly and unreservedly committed to the sions are well attended. The high-schools for 

full protection of the liberties of the people, girls are especially flourishing and useful, 

and wherever it is possible, lays a strong This is true to a marked extent of the Madero 

hand upon the spirit of religious persecution. Institute, under the care of the Baptists, and 

The day of Jesuit rule and clerical intrigue our own Normal School for girls, in Mexico 

is fast waning. President Diaz, who has City, which has eighty-four pupils on its roll, 

just been elected for the fourth time, is a Full statistics of our own work will be found 

man of great energy of character, and of in another article. 

liberal principles and statesmanlike views. In an interesting and instructive volume 

The great aim of his administration is to ad- recently issued, entitled ^* Mexico in Transi- 

vance the material, commercial, educational, tion,^^ by William Butler, D. D., we find a 

economic and international interests of valuable summary of the present statistics of 

Mexico; and the progress under his adminis- all Protestant Missions in Mexico. The book 

tration has been something phenomenal. A is a cheering and instructive contribution to 

missionary on the field refers to it in the current missionary literature, especially in 

following graphic and significant words : the story it records of the workings of Divine 

^* Perhaps there is no mission field where there Providence in the interests of Missions, and 

is to be found a stronger desire for niaterial the inspiring evidence it affords of God's 

progress than in the Mexico of to-day. The purpose to deliver Mexico from the power of 

iron yoke so long borne uncomplainingly, political Romanism and bring that interesting 

has been thrown off, and the nation is forging land into the full and free enjoyment of civil 

ahead, not by a process of gradual develop- and religious liberty. The statistics given by 

ment, but rather by huge strides. From the Dr. Butler are as follows : — 

donkey to the locomotive ; from the peon to I^ The Field. 

the steam engine; from the tallow dip to the Centers of operation 87 

electric light, are some of the changes effected Congregations... 469 

in two short decades. Contact with the out- IL The Workers. 

side world has wonderfully stimulated native Ordained foreign missionaries 59 

enterprise, and progress Is the watch- word Wives and unordained missionaries... 51 

^„ oil u^^Ac « Foreign lady teachers 67 

on all nanas. ^j^^j^ number of foreign workers 177 

The diflSiculties which now beset Protestant Native ordained preachers Ill 

missions are not so much in connection with Native unordained preachers 161 

^, ^ . .i.u*v #4.1,^ Native teachers 1<7 

the Government, or even with the power of the q^^^^, ^^^^^ helpers 63 

Romish Church to interpose its authority, as Total of native workers 512 

with the frivolity of the people and the wide- ^"^^^^era'*^ ""^ ^''^^^^'' *°^ ''''''1! 689 

spread prevalence of infidelity and agnosti- ttt "t r 

cism. The Romish Church is not growing bet- ^ , .' 

, . , i. • • • V ij • 1. ^1 u- Churches organized 38o 

ter, but her power to injure is held in check by Communicants. 16,250 

plvine Providence. Her priesthood is not Probable adherents 49,512 



1898.] 



Mexico's OreaitsCJfeed—An Effort at J^form. 



187 



rV. The Schools. 

Training and tbeological schools 7 

Students in &ame <.. 88 

Boarding-schools and orphanages 28 

Pupils in same 715 

Common schools... 164 

Pupils in same - 6,588 

To ral number under instruction 7,836 

Sunday schools 847 

Sundaj-tfchool teanher^ and officers*.. 694 

Sunday-school scholars 9814 

Total membership of Sunday-schools 10,508 

y. PUBUSHING IkTBREBTS. 

Pub'ishing houses 5 

Papers issued 11 

Pages of religious literature issued... 75,187,885 

YL Pbofbrties. 

Church buildings 118 

Value of same |89i,675 

Parsonagtrs 46 

Approximate value of same |168,885 

Educational buildings 81 

Approximate value of stine |256 940 

Value of publishing outfit #86,850 

Total value all missi(»nary property... $844,800 

VIL EIlSTORIC AND PflRSOMAL. 

Number of martyrs in mission work 58 



MEXICO'S GREATEST NEED. 

REV. J. MILTON ORBBNE, D. D. 

Her needs are many and vital. After 8-^0 
years of Spanish Roman Catholic domination of 
the most absolute type, with no Bible, no moral 
law, no Sabbath and no godly ministry, her 
condition intellectual, social and spiritual, is de- 
plorable in the extreme. Not more than one in 
ten of her men can read, and of her women not 
one in twenty. Only the extremes of society 
are found in her population, the very wealthy 
and the very poor. With a territory nine times 
as large as that of Kansas and a population of 
10,000,000 there are only about 100,000 land 
owners. 

TDK BYILS OP PSONAGB. 

In four states of the Republic peonage, or 
slavery for debt, exists under the protection of 
the law. Many aod eloquent appeals have been 
made from time to time oy philanthropic, liberty- 
loving Mexicans to secure the abolishment of 
this nefarious system, but the influence of Span- 
ish greed and cruelty, combined with priestly 
avarice and licentiousness, have hitherto effect- 
ually neutralized all these noble efforts, so that 
Congress has given no relief. Thus while the 
Pope boasts of his achievements in the suppres- 
aiiHi of the slave trade in Africa, and t)ie Papacy 



is lauded to the skies in the press as the friend 
and champion of human liberty, this plague- 
spot of virtual enslavement, created and per- 
petuated under Romish rule, is still defended 
and conserved by the priesthood, and every 
third man you meet in the streets of Chiapas, 
Tabasco, Campeche and Yucatan is a mortgaged 
chattel. The cases are very rare indeed in 
which these peones succeed in self emancipation. 
The most exorbitant rates of interest and free 
rum are the means which human rapacity em- 
ploys to perpetuate their bondage and misery. 
If the facts of peonage in Mexico could be writ- 
ten by another pen equal to that of Mrs. Stowe, 
the world would be startled and horrified even as 
they wore in the perusal of *' Uncle Tom's 
Cabin." And even in the states which do not form- 
ally legalize peonage, the condition of the masses 
under Spanish tyranny and self-indulgence 
is hardly superior. From the beginning priestly 
craft and the avarice of landlords have been in 
collusion to keep the poor Indian in poverty and 
squalor, ignorance and superstition. They have 
refused even to recognize his intellectual natuie. 

AN EFFORT AT RSFORH. 

At the present time when President Diaz and 
his noble co-ad jutors are making heroic efforts 
to establish a system of public instruction that 
shall be compulsory, gratuitous and laical, their 
efforts are utterly inoperative away from the 
centres of influence, simply because the Unded 
proprietors are in league with the selfish and 
unscrupulous priesthood to prevent the educa- 
tion and uplifting of the peon. Hardly above 
the animals with which they often herd, is the 
sphere in which the abject Mexican Indian lives, 
moves and has his being. I am fully aware 
that this is not the picture given in mod- 
ern books on Mexico nor in the voluminous 
correspondence of very many of our journal- 
istic tourists who ** write up " the coun- 
try after a ride through it on an express train, 
in which they touch only its principal cities; 
but this is a missionary's picture after 11 years 
exposure of the mental camera to the facts in 
city and country, far and wide. 

WHAT MEXICO NEEDS. 

What then do we find to be our first and 
greatest duty as we go among the Mexicans to 
do them good in Christ's name ? In other words, 
what is their greatest need ? In my bumble 
judgment, it is just that which Paul found in 
philosophic and dissolute Corinth. In Mexico 
even as in Corinth, nine men out of ten have 



188 



Mexico CiUf and lis Ouistations. 



[JforcA, 



adopted as their practical motto, "Let us eat 
and drink, for tomorrow we die." They are 
disbelievers of the worst sort, deceived and dis- 
gusted with what they once believed a divine 
religion, and bold to avow from platform and 
press that *' the Bible has been the greatest ob- 
stacle to Mexico's progress in civilization." 
Those who have not enough intellectual vigor 
to take this stand are superstitious, blinded, 
supine and obsequious, the tools and victims of 
designing priests, ignorant as to moral distinc- 
tions and depraved in moral habits. And even- 
as Paul iu Corinth set himself consistently and 
persistently to ignore their mystical, shadowy, 
philosphical theories and tenets, and addressed 
himself directly and without ** wisdom of words " 
to a spiritual need which he took for granted ex- 
isted in them, and would respond to his preach- 
ing, so must we labor. Although the Jews who 
were there required a sign, and the Greeks de- 
manded wisdom, Paul from first to last preached 
"Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumbling 
block and unto the Greeks foolishness ; but unto 
those who are called both Jews and Greeks, 
Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.*' 
Avoiding niere excellency of speech or of wis- 
dom, he knew nothing among them save Jesus 
Christ and Him crucified. 

MORE GOSPEL FBEACUING. 

It has become a serious question whether or 
not in all our missionary boards and societies we 
have not expended too much time and money 
in the educational training of our native minis- 
ters instead of aiming simply and only as a 
general rule, to equip men as evangelists, and 
send them forth as heralds of the Cross to meet 
and satisfy a universal and spiritual need. In a 
letter received not long since from an honored 
Secretary, he says: '*All along the line our 
most earnest missionaries are getting tired of 
mere teaching and other forms of routine work. 
Some of Dr. Henry's letters from Canton express 
this feeling, and there is a belief not only there, 
but elsewhere, that we have been too well satis- 
fied with routine work, looking for results by 
and by, when we ought to have been saying 
' Give me Scotland or I die, and give it to me 



t ff 



noiD, 

" I suppose in India for every man whom we 
have educated, who is doing Christian work, we 
have five who are using our education to build 
up agnost icism as against Christianity. Possibly 
my estimate is too large, but the odds are fear- 
fully against us I am sure, and many of those 
whom we have trained are only agnostics." 



AN ECHO IN HEXICO. 

Some such experience, though not in the same 
proportion; has happened to us in Mexico. 
French, German, and American infidelity abound 
in the land. Spiritualism with its insidious 
charms, is honey-combing the more progressive 
minds. What can we do ? Can we train a min- 
istry who by superior logical and argumentative 
endowments and acquirements shall refute all 
these forms of error ? This has proved a failure 
there as here and everywhere . No, I am sure 
that I speak for the brotherhood of missionaries 
in Mexico, when I say that for ourselves and the 
native ministry, we feel that our greatest need 
is an overflowing love to Christ and souls, a 
spirit so fully in touch with the mission and 
heart of Jesus, a sense so vivid and operative of 
the desperate need of perishing men everywhere, 
and a heart so fully surrendered to the Holy 
Spirit, that for us to live shall be Christ, to 
preach Christ, to live Christ, to glorify Christ, 
to count all things but loss for the excellency of 
the knowledge of Christ, in a word, to magnify 
Christ whether it be by life or by death. Pray 
for us, brethren at home, that thus we may be 
equipped as never before to meet and supply 
the desperate needs of our long blinded, cruelly 
wronged, and spiritually enslaved Mexicans, for 
whom we are sure that Christ our Saviour died. 



MEXICO CITY AND ITS OUTSTATIONS. 

REV. HUBERT W. BROWN. 

The mission work of our church which cen- 
ters in Mexico City is comprised virtually within 
the limits of the Presbytery of the same name, 
which is a part of the Synod of Pennsylvania. 
Two foreign missionaries and 21 Mexican or- 
dained men are members of that Presbytery, 
which has also under its care six licentiates and 
14 lay preachers and eight students for the 
gospel ministry. In addition to the above, all of 
whom are supported by the mission, we have 
two Bible women, 11 male teachers, and 17 
female teachers. The educational work is car- 
ried on in one Theological Seminary, with 34 
pupils, 9 of whom are in the theological depart- 
ment ; in one Girls' Normal and Boarding School 
with 84 pupils, half of whom are boarders and 
entirely supported at mission expense; and in 
tweniy day schools with 867 pupils. 

In Mexico City we have three organized 
churches and four congregations not yet organ- 
ized, and five of the above named day schools, 
together with a dormitory for newsboys, sup- 
ported by voluntary contributions. The work 



1898.] 



Mexiat Ci^ and J3s Ouislations. 



INTEBIOB OP NOBMAL SCHOOL FOR fllRI^, 1 



) CITY. 



hai been prMp«red during the past jear if not 
remarkably, atill hy vteadj and subat&nti&l 

Tbe outstatioDS are 76 in number, in 54 of 
wbicb «e hare regularly organized cburchea. 
The total membcrabip Is 2,692, of which 247 
were added in 1893. The ground covered Is 
verj extensive, being tbe Federal district, and 
theatatesof Hexico, Hicboacan, Hidalgo, Ouer' 
rero, Vera Cruz, Tabaaco and Yucatan. Some of 
the congregations are In tbe tierra ealiente and 
others at tbe opposite extreme on the mountain 
side* in the Uerra fria. Hacj are off the lioea 
of railroad and accessible only on horseback, 
over tedious, even perilous trails. 

We have 30 Sabbath-schools with a reported 
membership of 733, In these we use a Spanish 
translation of the Westminster I/esaon Leaves, 
printed on our press. 

The contributions of the several churches 
reached during the year are $1,000.26. We have 
also a Mexican Home Mission Board, which Is 
raising at present the aalary of one man, paying 



falm forty dollars a month. He has done a good 
work in Tenanguillo, Guerrero and the sur- 
rounding ranches. 

Our mission press is In the efficient bands of 
Hr. D. C. Smith, an Englishman. We can now 
do printing, binding, ruling and stereotyping, 
and have considerable job work from outside. 
Hair's "Evidences of Christianity " in Spanish, 
translated by Dr. Greene, was set up and stereo- 
typed last year, and our own Board of Publica- 
tion has done tbe same with tny translation of 
Dr. Fisher's "History of the Itefomintlon." 
Dr. Thomson has also a work on the Acts nearly 
ready for the press. We have printed during 
the year 60,000 tracts of 12,155,000 pages in all, 
which with the "Faro," Lesson Leaves, and 
other religious works makes a total of 13,141,000 
pages. 

The church in Paraiso has been awakened 
under the ministry of Hr. Uiguel Oarzo, and 
Rev. Salomon Diaz reports a similar gracious 
work in Frontera. The congregation of Vera 
Cruz has raised over three hundred dollars 



190 



MhCMragenurUs During the Past Tear. 



[Marehj 



toward a new chapel, and 1* expect toward the 
last of thiB month (January 1898) to dedicate the 
hall fitted up at their own expense hy the 
Messrs. Vaca» owners of the Aguacate ranch. 
Other equally favorable reports have been re- 
ceived from a number of points. 

This brief resume will give some idea of the 
varied nature and wide extent of our work in 
Mexico. We greatly need more men to rightly 
cultivate this large field. 



ENCOURAGEMENTS DURING THE PAST 

YEAR. 

BEV. HENBY 0. THOMSON,.©. D. 

^^Have you had any discouragements in 
your work during the past year ? " Yes, we 
have, but that is generally the case in all 
missionary countries. One con find some- 
thing to complain of if he is disposed to 
grumble or hunt up trouble. 

^^Has progress been made, notwithstand- 
ing ? " All things considered, we beliere 
there has been considerable advance made 
during the year. 

A SEASON OF QUIET SEED-SOWINO. 

It has not been a harvest time, a period of 
joyful ingatherings in which the reapers 
return, bringing their sheaves, but it has 
been a season of sowing seed in peace and 
quietness. We pray for such times, and 
should gratefully acknowledge them when 
they are received. 

In the greater part of our 100 churches 
that average 50 communicants each, the 
Gospel has been faithfully preached, and the 
Bible studied, (following the International 
S. S. Lessons), in the Sabbath schools. 

A goodly number of our ministers and 
licentiates (about 50 in number), are earnest 
and consecrated men, who labor in word and 
doctrine, * ^according to their several ability." 
The same is true of the labors of the other 50 
teachers and helpers who toil through the 
length and breadth of the Lord's vineyard in 
Mexico. Their standard is continually being 
elevated, their knowledge and experience in- 
creased, and in due time we should see the 
results in augmented usefulness. 

Our paper, Bl Faro, visits its large and 
annually increasing family of subscribers 
twice every month, and is ever fifighted with 



Christian instruction suited to all classes and 
conditions of the people. 

Our two Normal schools for girls, one in 
Mexico City, and the other in Saltiilo, which 
during the year have trained about 100 schol- 
ars, have done, and are still doing, excellent 
work for the whole of our Mexican Zlon. 
Some ten years ago it was my duty to select, 
and gather into our school at Monterey, (now 
removed to Saltiilo), quite a number of girls, 
chosen from the families of the different con- 
gregations, that were distinguished for their 
piety and promise. You ask: ^^What has 
become of them ? " So far as I am able to 
learn, scarcely one of them has proved un- 
worthy of the care and expense bestowed 
upon her. The most of them have become 
teachers in our schools, wives of our preach- 
ers, or efficient helpers in our churches. We 
feel justly proud of their record and are 
greatly aided by their help to-day. Encour- 
aged by this experience, we hope to continue 
that kind of work, and, if possible, to enlarge 
it. During the past year both of these Nor- 
mal schools have made improvements in 
their course of study, in thoroughness of 
training, and in general efficiency. A Society 
of Christian Endeavor in each has done much 
to mould the character of the girls, and 
make them more useful in the churches. 

Much the same must be said of our Semi- 
nary in Tlalpam, ten miles south of the city 
of Mexico. The 84 candidates for the minis- 
try, 9 of whom have been engaged upon 
the theological curriculum during the past 
year, have studied more, and made better 
progress than during any previous year. 
They also have their Society of Christian 
Endeavor, and in many ways evidence the 
greater pains taken by all, and the better 
management of the institution. 

These various results may be less startling 
than reports of persecutions, of thrilling 
adventures or remarkable conversions that 
have been given in former times, but their 
combined effect on the future condition of the 
Church may be greater. 

IS THERE INCREASED DESIRE FOR THE BIBLE ? 

This is a more tangible, and in some re- 
spects, a more convincing evidence of real 



18&80 



Between the CarUthean arid the Pacific. 



191 



progress, than the observations given. About 
11 years ago, Bey. H. P. Hamilton was ap- 
pointed Bible agent in Mexico, and he has 
systematized the work so that we can know 
JQst what has been done. The American 
Bible Society has donated a great number of 
Bibles in Mexico, which have doubtless done 
a great deal of good. At present, however, 
I shall not base any conclusions on this 
charitable work, as I wish to cill attention 
to a more desisive test, an examination of 
the acttuU amount of money the Mexicans 
have paid for Bibles and Testaments. Men 
will seldom or never pay their money for 
religions literature, if they do not hold it in 
high esteem. This is specially so of the 
Mexicans. The class that is reached by the 
Gospel is exceedingly poor, and besides, has 
had the idea that everything connected with 
the Gospel must be bestowed upon them 
gratuitously. The question, then, becomes 
very interesting: '* Do they pay more for the 
Scriptures year by year ? " 

Each year there has been an increase in 
the receipts of sales of about $250. This 
arithmetical progression has continued regu- 
larly until the last year, when in spite of the 
general loss of crops and threatening famine 
in the country, there was received from sales 
during the first six months, more money 
than during the whole of either 1890 or 1891. 
The amount of increase ($260) may seem 
small, but if the great poverty of the people 
and their lack of intelligence be taken into 
consideration, it signifies much more than 
many thousands of dollars would in the 
United States. The conclusion is plain ; the 
Bible is more valued than formerly, and 
there is great activity in the Bible agency 
that finds a corresponding eagerness to ob- 
tain God^s truth. This steady and accelerated 
increase in the healthy circulation of the 
Bible, and the better training of persons that 
are to teach the people its truths are true 
signs of progress. 

A NIW GENERATION. 

Another encouraging feature of our present 
work is, that w^ are beginning to train the 
children of those who first received the gos- 
pel in Mexico 20 years ago. 



At that time all who heard us were steeped 
in Roman Catholicism, were familiar with all 
Its teaching and practice, and had received 
the injuries that were necessarily infiicted by 
such causes of evil. We have now to. teach 
minds that were never corrupted by Jesuit- 
ism. Many of our youths know little or 
nothing of the great abuses and falsehoods 
practised on their fathers, (and sometimes by 
them,) but instead, like Timothy of old, have 
had their minds and hearts imbued with Gos- 
pel truth from earliest childhood, and may 
therefore be expected to be more zealous for 
the truth, and better examples of true Chris- 
tianity than our first converts. These sons 
and daughters of the faith are the beginnings 
of a second generation, and we actually ob- 
serve in them a better type of piety. It will 
not be long before the Church will be in their 
hands, and we anticipate greater and more 
permanent results of their labors than of 
those of the first pioneers of the Gospel 
amongst the native. We already have tlie 
evidence before us that our hopes are being 
realized. 

BETWEEN THE CARIBBEAN AND THE 

PACIFIC. 

MISS ALICE MITCHELL. 

The Republic of Guatemala, though so 
near a neighbor of ours, is as little known to 
us in the United States as if it lay in the 
heart of Africa, rather less so, indeed. The 
prevalent notion seems to be little more than 
a v^%gue impression of a region prone to 
earthquakes, physical and political ; a notion 
not incorrect, but somewhat inadequate. For 
it is a land with many attractions to offer us, 
— a delightful climate; a rich, fertile soil; a 
mysterious past, A yet unread from its curious 
monuments. Still more it is a land with 
great needs which should appeal to us and 
which make it a field very attractive to the 
missionary. 

A LAND OF VOLCANOES. 

The country is not large— about five times 
the size of New Jersey. It is mountainous 
throughout a large part of its extent, but 
varied by high plains and broad, rich valleys. 
Its mean altitude is about 5000 feet, the only 
low lands being a narrow strip along the 



192 



An tnhospitahte Coast — Scenery and OUmate. 



[Jl/arcA, 



coast. The main axis of the range rons 
parallel to the Pacific, distant from it only 
about fifty miles, and on this side the slope 
is extremely abrupt. Volcanoes are here the 
characteristic feature. There is no such un- 
broken chain of volcanic cones in the world, 
their number, in Central America as a whole, 
reaching several 4iundred. The sailor along 
this coast, we are told, sees smoke always 
rising somewhere on the horizon, and within 
the last 350 years 52 volcanic eruptions and 
300 earthquakes severe enough to be recorded 
have taken place. 

AN INHOSPITABLE COAST. 

This coast conspicuously lacks good har- 
bors, the river mouths being inevitably ob- 
structed by a bar. At the chief ports, San 
Jose and Champerico, one finds only an open 
roadstead, with a surf of great rollers. At 
these points there are long iron piers, ex- 
tending out into the sea. That at San Jose 
is nearly a third of a mile long, yet though 
it reaches beyond the breakers, vessels are 
not able to come alongside. Steamers must 
anchor about two miles out, and their passen- 
gers are brought to the pier in lighters, from 
which they are hoisted in a sort of iron cage 
swung from a crane. Embarking or disem- 
barking in rough weather is always trying to 
the nerves of a passenger, and is attended 
with so much real danger and difficulty that 
one is occasionally forbidden to make the 
attempt and obliged to go on to the end of 
the V03 age and try again on the return trip. 
San Jose is the port through which our mis- 
sion, located in Guatemala City, communi- 
cates with the outer world and may be 
reached in sixteen days from New York by 
way of the Panama Railroad, or in twelve 
days from San Francisco. 

The chief port of the Atlantic coast is 
Livingston, at the mouth of the Rio Dulce, 
a village of Carib Indians with only a few 
white inhabitants. Steamer lines from New 
Orleans and New York connect us with this 
point and carry on trade, principally in fresh 
fruit. 

NATURAL RESOURCES. 

The natural resources of Guatemala are 
very great. Its mineral wealth is probably 
considerable, though biit few mines are in 



operation. The Spaniards obtained forty 
million dollars of silver from the mines in 
Chiquimula, which are still yielding to some 
extent. The forests abound with useful trees, 
including mahogany, logwood, rosewood, 
cedar, many kinds of palms, cacao and india- 
rubber. Fine cabinet woods are plentiful, 
though many of them are unknown to com- 
merce. Of food products Guatemala can 
boast a large variety; indeed, we are told 
that *' almost anything in the vegetable 
kingdom will grow there.". Among the 
most characteristic products are coffee, cho- 
colate of a very fine quality, cocoanuts, sugar, 
vanilla, bananas and oranges, of which it is 
said that *'the quality of the uncultivated 
fruit is nearly equal to the Syrian oranges." 
Indian corn grows everywhere, and in the 
form of tortillas is the chief food of the 
Indian population. Wheat is also grown to 
a considerable extent in the uplands. The 
soil is wonderfully fertile. Indian corn aver- 
ages three ears to a stalk and the crop is har- 
vested three times a year. Rice yields two 
crops a year of excellent quality. ** Sugar 
cane has been found to yield three tons of 
sugar per a6re for twenty years without re- 
planting — a result unknown in any other 
sugar country." 

SCENERY AND CLIMATE. 

No sketch of this interesting land, how- 
ever slight, would be complete without allu- 
sion to its wonderful scenery. Tropical ver- 
dure, clothing mountains of Alpine grandeur, 
affords a picture of bewildering richness and 
splendor, thrown into stronger relief by some 
gray volcanic cone, with smoking top, tower- 
ing in the distance. The forests of the low 
lands are without undergrowth, but with the 
more abundant overgrowth. So dense is the 
foliage that small plants unless climbers or 
parasites have little chance of life. The 
ground is scantily covered with ferns, gin- 
gers or wild bananas, while overhead is 
a dense network formed by the branches of 
trees intertwined and entangled with vines. 
'^From a mountain ridge" says a traveler, 
*^this forest looks like a level plain, even as 
the top of a well trimmed hedge; its surface 
is here and there broken by the giant mahog- 
any, or seamed by the river and its affluents." 



189S.] 



"A Land of lo-Momw" — Virtius and Vices. 



198 



TJademeath tbe greeo canopy of the forest is 
a region of perpetual twilight, where the 
profotindest gileace reigns. 

The climate varies greatly with the eleva- 
tion, as in Mexico, but is superior to that of 
Mexico throughout, ffliile the coast lands 
have a hot, moist climate, where tropical 
diseases are to be fonud, a short journey in- 
land brings one to uplands where the air is 
pore and bracing, and the temperatare free 
from extremes either of beat or cold. In 
Ouatemala City, where our miseionaries re- 
side, the thermometer in summer rarely regis- 
ters over 80", perhaps never over 00°; while 



the coSee-growiug region to the port of 
Champerico. Elsewhere tbrougbont the 
country travel is primitive. There is a con- 
spiCQOas lack even of carriage roads, and 
anyone who travels at all extensively in 
Guatemala must become familiar with the 
saddle, with rough mountain roads and 
worse mountain inns. The utmost indiffer- 
ence to this state of things prevails. A 
traveler, new to the country, once asked why 
a certain mule-path, the main line of travel 
between important points, was in such a 
shocking condition and was told it was be- 
cause "so many mules traveled over it." 



GOATEMALA CITT. 



the winters, which are chilly, are witbont 
frost. The air of morning and evening ia 
described as "thin and piercing," neceasi- 
titting heavy wraps, and the open style of 
architecture, devoid of chimneys, causes 
some discomfort to those accustomed to well- 
heated houses; yet the climate is by no 
means an unpleasant one. Uany foreigners 
describe it as "the finest in the world 1" 
"a lano of to-mobrow." 
The country is largely undeveloped as yet. 
Only two railroads are in operation, the one 
connecting San Joae with Guatemala City, 
ttt9 Qtbei nutiUKg a short distance through 



Promptness and exactness are nuknown. 
It is " the land of to-morrow." 

VIRTUES AND VICES. 

The popnlation is about a million aud a 
half. Of these about 180,000 are whites, 
largely Spaniards, 800,000 are Lailinos, or of 
mixed blood, and the remainder are indige- 
nous races, the so-called Indians. Many of 
these are det^cendaots of the ancient Toltecs, 
who were driven by the Aztecs from Mexico 
and -whose civilization has left many inter- 
esting monuments in Guatemala. These 
Indioi of the present day are described as a 
peaceable, docile, honest An<l cleanly race; 



194 



2Hal of Homanism — Goffs Word Giveth Light 



[JKarcA, 



not a wi^rlike, bnt an agricnltnral people; not 
nomadic, bat living in villages; not savage, 
bnt semi-civilized; tilling the soil, weaving 
cloth, making pottery and bailding houses. 
They are so honest and peaceable that Cen- 
tral America is the safest place in the world 
in which to travel, and altogether, to an 
American, with our idea of the Indian as a 
painted savage, they are quite an attractive 
people. But they, poor things, are the ^' beasts 
of burden " of the country, pack mules being 
so rare that almost everything is transported 
on Indian backs, and the amount they carry 
is wonderful. The burden is placed in a 
wooden cage or basket, to which a strap m 
attached and passed around the head, so 
that the weight comes upon the forehead. 
In this manner, with a weight of over a hun- 
dred pounds, they trot off at a queer but 
rapid pace, making twenty or twenty- five 
miles a day, and for this arduous work they 
are never paid more than a real (twelve and 
a half cents) a day. The upper classes, of 
more or less pure Spanish blood, are charac- 
teristically Spanish In customs and ideas. 
The evil effects of three centuries of tyran- 
nical and absolute rule are nowhere more 
evident than in the character of ihe domi- 
nant race. With all the charm of Spanish 
courtesy and hospitality, the most charitable 
critics cannot deny that the moral tone of. 
society is very lax, and vice rampant and 
respectable. Gambling prevails to an alarm- 
ing extent; men aad women are inveterate 
smokers, boys sometimes beginning this 
habit at three or four years of age. ** The 
family relation," writes Mr. Haymaker, ** is 
a mere form for those who wish to keep it 
up. Flagrant violations of the seventh com- 
mandment in one form or another are more 
than common among the lower classes — they 
are general. Equal to this evil, if not worse, 
is the crime of drunkenness, which among 
the poor is all but universal, including among 
its victims not men only, but also women 
and growing boys." 

THE TRAIL OF ROMANISM. 

A startling degree of ignorance prevails 
throughout the country. A few years ago 
the percentage of illiteracy was estimated at 
ninety _per cent,^ but this has been much 



diminished of late through the system of pub- 
lic and compulsory education inaugurated by 
President Barrios. Yet while considerably 
more than a tenth of the people can now 
read and write, the ignorance of the masses 
remains still such as it is difficult for one to 
realize whoso lot has been cast in a more 
favored land. In 1890 and 1891, eighty 
thousand people died of smallpox during an 
epidemic that swept over the land. Mr. 
Haymaker wrote at that time : ' ^ I have known 
them to sleep wrapped in the same cotton 
covering that had wrapped a well-developed 
case of smallpox but a few hours before, and 
ta grind and make corn cakes (portiUaa) with- 
in six feet el a patient who was perfectly black 
with it." This ignorance is a charge which 
must be laid to the account of the Roman Cath- 
olic Church in Guatemala. For three hundred 
years and more this has been the suprene — 
the only Church. Magnificent cathedrals 
attest its power and wealth, yet under the 
very shadow of their spires the people have 
been allowed to sink into this desperate 
slough of ignorance. But their religious con- 
dition constitutes a heavier charge. Most of 
them, it is true, still merit the description of 
a former traveler, that they are **very re- 
ligious." Yet their religion is without mor- 
ality, and almost without conscience. Sun- 
day is a day of amusement and festivity, 
when cock-fights and bull-fights share with 
the theatre, the opera, and social pleasures 
the attention of the people. Images, many 
of them most hideous and grotesque, abound 
in the churches and are often believed to 
possess miraculous powers. It is difficult to 
discern any difference between the reverence 
in which these images are held and the idol 
worship of pagan lands. The priests are 
little better than the people, careless of their 
responsibility and absorbed in lives of selfish- 
ness. Many of them are guilty of flagrant 
immorality. 

GOD'S WORD GIVETH LIGHT. 

Our Presbyterian mission is, so tar as we 
know, the only Protestant mission in the 
country. Established in 1882, it dedicated 
its first church building on February 29th, 
1892, a building seating 850 persons and 
with provision for subsequent enlargement 



1898.] 



Iransition of Mexico, 



195 



by galleries to a seating capacity of 600. The 
church, which it was felt had been prema- 
tarely formed, was recogpiized in connection 
with this event. It is very small as yet, bat 
Mr. Haymaker says it is ^* vigorous and 
healthy, the members trustworthy, the ideal 
of membership high, with a high apprecia- 
tion of Church privileges.*' A second church 
was organized last September with sixteen 
members from among the English speaking 
residents of Guatemala. 

A day school for poor boys is maintained, 
at which forty-four were enrolled last year, 
befddes twenty- four in a night school. A 
girls* school, begun in 1884, was maintained 
for seven years and was accomplishing a 
valuable work in removing prejudice and se- 
curing influential friends for the mission, as 
well as in sowing seeds of truth in families 
otherwise inaccessible to Protestant mission- 
aries. This school has been suspended for 
the present, owing to an embarrassment in its 
circumstances caused by the sale of the house 
it had been renting. Could suitable property 
be secured and the school be re opened, 
especially as a boarding school, there is no 
doubt that it would enter at once on a wide 
field of usefulness. A more extensive, more 
thorough, and a truly Christian education is 
one of the great needs of Central America 
to-day, and Protestantism need ask no better 
opportunity than is thus afforded for estab- 
lishing itself securely in the country. Mr. 
Haymaker writes, ^^ we ought to be doing a 
hand red -fold more than we are in educa- 
tional work. Here the outlook is brightest." 
Outside the city are several points where 
the truth is beginning to take root. At 
Santa Rosita is a considerable number of 
adherents, also at San Jose del Golfo. At 
Qaesaltenango, the second city of the Repub- 
lic, is a regular agency for the distribution of 
Bibles and tracts, and another at Cohan. 
Churches will probably soon be organized at 
Santa Rosita and at Quesaltenango. Evan- 
gelistic tours, made by the missionary or 
helper, with magic lantern and books, dis- 
close a large field for effective work in the 
country districts. While the priests, of 
coarse, oppose, the Gt>vemment favors and 
protects, and the people are prejudiced in 



favor of all thirgs American. The opportu- 
nity is ours, if we will seize it now, of meet- 
ing the awakening intellect of the nation 
with evangelical truth and of averting that 
reign of atheism which we have so often seen 
succeed the dethronement of Romanism. 



THE TRANSITION OF MEXICO.* 

BEV. PHILO F. LEAVENS, D. D. 

The evolution of liberty in the United 
States of Mexico was a far longer and more 
violent process than in the older republic, the 
United States of America. There were the 
best reasons. Mexico had been a vice-roy- 
alty of Spain nearly three hundred years; 
and the Roman Catholic Church was estab- 
lished so firmly that for more than forty 
years of the struggle there was no effort, and 
perhaps no desire, to unseat her. Can there 
be civil liberty without religious liberty? In 
that question is the key to the procrasti- 
nation. 

Hidalgo sounded the note of independence 
in 1810, and ten months later was shot. Men 
thought him shot in disgrace; it proved in 
glory. A constitution was proclaimed in 
1814, but the constitution that brought down 
the Spanish flag was put forth in 1821, just 
three centuries after that flag had been raised. 
From that date till 1854 was a turbulent 
period. Liberty was battled for, but relig- 
ious liberty was hardly conceived. Dr. But- 
ler well says: — "All the constitutions framed 
under the various plans retained the papal 
concordat as an item of the social compact. 
This excladed religious liberty. The highest 
of all liberty being denied, the remainder 
was not worth dying for." 

'*THE WASHINGTON OP MEXICO." 

When Benito Juarez entered the cabinet of 
President Alvarez, a strong and original 
mind took control. A pure-blooded Indian; 

^Mexico in Tranntion. By William Butler, D. D., 
Hunt & Eaton. New York, 1893. Dr. Butler was the 
founder of Methodist Episcopal Missions in India in 
1857, and author of **Tne Land of the Veda:'* also 
founder of the Missions of his Church in Mexico in 
1878. 

Coruilituiion of the United States of Mexico, with an 
introduction by H<»mard Mooes. Anrals of the American 
Aca'^emy of Political and Social Science, July 1891. it is 
alBO published by the Academy as a separate docu- 
ment. 

Leu Mi88ion$ CathoJiquea. Correspondence of B. F* 
Terrien and others, 1890-1-9. 

Review of Reviews, January 1808. President Dias and 
the Mexico of to-day. 



196 



Struggle for Freedom — Imperial Episode. 



\^March\ 



left an orphan; a shepherd boy to his nncle^s 
flocks; first learning Spanish at the age of 
twelve; a student, choosing the law, and 
admitted to the bar at twenty-eight; a mag- 
istrate, a governor, then an exile in oar 
country — after such a career Juarez assumed 
national office shortly before he touched fifty 
years of age. His secretaryship covered an 
ample field. It included the department of 
justice, ecclesiastical affairs and public in- 
struction. Very soon a National Congress 
was summoned, and the ^^Law of Juarez'' 
for the administration of justice was pro- 
claimed. A whole year was devoted to the 
framing of a constitution, which was issued 
on the 3rd of February 1857. With various 
modifications not affecting its substance or 
spirit, it is the fundamental law of Mexico 
to-day. Our eminent countryman, Secretary 
William H. Seward, is quoted as regarding it 
^*the best instrument of the kind in the 
world." '*But this Constitution,'' says 
Prof. Moses, '^ by abolishing the ecclesiasti- 
cal and military privileges, excited vigorous 
opposition. As a result, the nation found 
itself, in 1B5B, in civil war with Juarez as 
leader of the Constitutional party, while 
General Zuloaga led the Revolutionary 
party." 

THE STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM. 

We find at hand a remarkable synopsis of 
the opposing platforms of these two par- 
ties, it will be noticed that the principles 
antagonize each other like the battalions of 
two armieb. 

THE REVOLUTIONARY PLATFORM. 

1. The inviolability of all Church property 
and Church revenues and there-establishment 
of former exactions. 

2. The re -establishment of the fueros^ or 
special rights of the Church and of the army. 
(Under these fueroa the military and clergy 
were responsible only to their tribunals, and 
not to the law of the land.) 

8. The restoration of the Roman Catholic 
religion as the sole and exclusive religion of 
Mexico. 

4. The censorship of the press. 

5. The exclusive system with regard to 
immigration, confining it solely to immigrants 
from Catholic oouatries. 



6. The overthrow of the Constitution of 
1857, and the establishment of an irresponsible 
central dictatorship, subservient solely to the 
Church. 

7. If possible, the restoration of monarchy 
in Mexico, or the establishment of a Euro- 
pean protectorate. , 

THE CONSTITUTIONAL PLATFORM. 

1. The establishment of a constitutional 
federal government in the place of a military 
dictatorship. 

2. Freedom and protection to slaves to 
enter the National territory. 

8. Freedom of religion. 

4. Freedom of the press. 

5. The nationalization of the $200,000,000 
of property held by the clergy. 

6. The subordination of the army to the 
civil power, and the abolition of military and 
ecclesiastical fueros. 

7. Commercial treaties of the fullest scope 
and liberal character. 

8. Colonization by the opening of every 
part of the country to immigration. 

THE IMPERIAL EPISODE. 

As the outcome of the conflict the govern- 
ment of Juarez found itself installed in the 
National Palace, Mexico City, in January, 
1861. There was to be, however, another 
act in the drama, the tragic act in which 
Maximilian was the victim. Professor Moses 
points out its connection with and sequence 
from the civil war just concluded. *^The 
Revolutionary party entered into certain 
foreign alliances against the Constitutional 
X>arty, led by Juarez, and from these alliances 
proceeded the series of events which con- 
stitute the Imperial episode of Maximilian's 
reign." The whole affair depended upon 
external support. ** Three months after the 
withdrawal of the French troops, in obedience 
to the demands of the United States, the 
Imperialists were undone, Maximilian, Mira- 
mon, and Mejia had been shot, and the way 
was once more open to the Constitution- 
alists.'* 

The government was resumed, not to be 
again successfully disturbed. The ^* Ameri- 
can Academy of Political and Social Science '^ 
has done good service in plaqing within our 
reach th^ (ull t^^t 9X the Me]U(^u Coustitu* 



1893.] 



Iruth Hand in Band Wiih Liberty. 



197 



tion. The initial woids strike a thrill, ^^In 
the name of €k>d and with the authority of 
the Mexican people.'* Sentences here and 
there are crisp and resonant: *^In the 
Republic all are bom free/' ^* Instruction is 
free," '* The liberty to write and to publish 
writings on any subject whatsoever is in-* 
yiolaUe." ^^No religious institution may 
acquire real estate or capital fixed upon it, 
with the single exception of edifices destined 
immediately and directly to the service and 
object of the institution." 

TRUTH HAND IN HAND WITH LIBERTY. 

Here is liberty as clear as the most sensi- 
tive man could desire. First of all is the 
guaranty of free speech, a free press, free 
suffrage, and the right of trial by jury. 
Surely it may require time to make chese 
'high privileges actual and universal. The 
secalarization of the vast estates controlled 
by the Church was duly accomplished. The 
system of schools inaugurated and urged as 
rapidly as practicable is in the line of national 
progress. The development of industries 
and the swift extension of railways are ex- 
tolled by all writers on the Mexico of to-day. 
And it is an oft-told story how the ray of 
evangelical religion entered at the time of the 
war with the United States, and how at last 
Protestant Missions were begun vigorously 
at the firm establishment of the Republic 
after the fall of Maximilian. Twenty-five 
years have elapsed and the statistician now 
counts 385 organized churches, embracing 
16,250 communicant members. He discovers 
111 native ordained preachers and 88 students 
preparing for the ministry. There is a grand 
total of 689 foreign and native workers; 
10,508 in the Sunday school; 118 church 
buildings, and five publishing houses. It is 
conceded that the success has been among the 
common people. The cynical reviewer, com- 
menting on liberty, says, *^ Protestants are 
allow^ed to spend thousands of dollars in 
their endeavor to make good Baptists, Metho- 
dists, or Presbyterians out of the Indians." 
Thanks — ^and if the Indian thus made a 
*^good Presbyterian" should prove another 
Benito Juarez in some national emergency, 
would not the game have been worth the 
oaodlet 



A 8AT0LLI INCIDENT IN MEXICO. 

In the other extremity of society is a mo- 
tion entitled to notice. The Central Council 
of ** L ' Oeuvre de la Propagation de la Foi " 
located at Lyons, France, has turned eyes to- 
ward Mexico as a field from which to gather 
resources. Accordingly, an expert agent 
with an assistant or two was designated in 
1889 to visit the country. It is his commis- 
sion to organize the work of the. propagation 
of the faith in all the dioceses of the Roman 
Catholic Church where the association does 
not already exist. The plan is to call upon 
the archbishops and bishops, then upon the 
prominent and wealthy families; to enlist 
their interest; to secure the appointment of 
committees and treasurers of local circles, 
who shall collect funds for the propagation 
of the faith among the pagans. The com- 
missioners report a hearty welcome in Mexico. 
In some places rich families pledge them- 
selves for $250 or more annually. In one 
city a collection of $5,000 was gathered. 
Says the commissioner, ^^ If the modem spirit 
which is here called liberalism has found 
adepts in Mexico, the most part of the grand 
families have kept intact the ardent Spanish 
piety, and that true Christian charity which 
gives without taking account." It is not 
di^cult to see that'a hearty enlistment of the 
higher classes in the world-wide '* Propaga- 
tion of the Faith" might have a decided effect 
on the future of the Roman Catholic Church 
in Mexico. A very large proportion of the 
funds of the Lyons Council is now contributed 
in France. Let Mexico join hands, and there 
is a coalition which may tie bonds where 
Louis Napoleon and Maximilian failed. 

We meet a single allusion to Protestant 
work in the correspondence of the European 
visitors. In a certain city, they say, **The 
Protestants who have attempted to install 
themselves here have lost their time and 
their money; they would have lost their lives 
also but for the spirit of tolerance and mod- 
eration which animates every good Catholic " 
— *^^tout hon CatholiqueJ*^ Indeed I if that is 
the way it lies, what is going to be the fate 
of the Protestant who falls into the hands — 
des Catholiques mSchantsf The record of 
fifty-eight trnmes already inscribed in ibe 



198 



JSour for Protestant Missions — Summer in Zahleh^ Syria. \^Marehf 



roll of Protestant martyrs answers the ques- 
tion. This com rnissioner received his com- 
mission from the hand and lips of the Pope, 
in these words, ^^Go, my son — go to those 
far off regions, to those people of ardent faith 
and generous heart; say to them that if the 
Councils of the Propagation of the Faith have 
chosen you, it is the Pope himself who sends 
you, the Pope who blesses all who receive 
you and respond to your appeal.^' For one 
thus commissioned even to hint at the sacri- 
fice of Protestant lives, unless it were to con- 
demn it relentlessly, is inflammatory, and is a 
crime against the free spirit of these Western 
Republics. 

THE HOUR FOB PROTESTANT MISSIONS. 

Surely missionary plans should be adapted 
to respective fields. What might do for an 
island group in the Pacific might be ineffec- 
tive in China; what might be indispensable 



at the present hour in China, might be W 
hindhand in Mexico. Here is a land in the 
flush of civil and religious liberty, falling 
eagerly into the currents of modern progress, 
speaking a noble literary and Christian 
language. Is not this land entitled to the 
Christian university teaching the full curri- 
culum of fresh learning, to an evangelical 
literature of the highest grade, and to theo- 
logical schools competent to train an order of 
cultivated preachers t Should we not do our 
X>art for the nation and for souls sooner and 
better by erecting an institutional Christi- 
anity, trusting to its quality of self-diffusion, 
than by attempting to cover a wide area of 
evangelism with imperfect instruments ! Can 
not the Presbyterian Church be put upon a 
scheme to loan lavishly of her learning 
and wealth to the neighbor so near at 
hand) 



BUMMER IN ZAHLEH, SYRIA. 

Rbv. William Jsssup, Zahleh:—The air of 
Zahleh is exceedingly dry in summer. In win- 
ter the raiDS and sdows keep the air very agree- 
ably moist and sometimes quite cold, but wben 
the rains cease in the spring the sun soon dries up 
all the latent moisture in the air and, as the 
range of Lebanon completely shuts off all sea air 
and moisture from us, we experience a very de- 
ckled change. The air becomes so dry as to 
crack furniture hadly, warp books and make 
some people very nervous. This nervousness I 
would speak of m )re especially in connection 
with the ladies who can get little exercise in go- 
ing about because of another feature of our Zah* 
leh climate, which is a strong wind that blows 
incessantly a great deal of the time after the 
heat begins, from 9 or 10 a. m. till sunset. It is 
peculiar to this side of Lebanon and seems to be 
occasioned by the heating of the air on the 
plains which rises and draws down the wind 
from the higher altitudes which come 4 with a 
Bteadiae4S like that of a blast furnace. This 
raisen the dust in clouds, for the mud roofs of 
the city are very dry at this time and the winds 
soon make it exceedingly trying for ladies to stir 
about out of doors. The heat of Zahleh in the 
city is alao intense, for the town is in a narrow 
valley and valleys always collect the sun's 

If^i more thaa otuer places, Tlje heat ma^ 



not be as great as in Beirut or other seaport 
towns, but it is of a different character— dry 
heat. 

— Rev. Manawar Kh&n, a c invert from Isl&m, 
was lately ordaine<1 and iostHlled pastor of the 
United Presbyterian Church (Scotland) at Todh- 
garh in Rajputana He is a strong man and 
full of energy. Thus the crescent gives way to 
the cross. 

— A mIsMonary visiting a mission station at 
Rhenok in Si k kin heard a headman of the region 
say: "If it were not for caste and custom and 
my friends holding me back, I would like at 
once to come out and take Jesus Christ as my 
Saviour." 

— A Roman Catholic Missionary at Pedong, 
on the India border of Thibet, is translating the 
Qospel of John into Thibetan. This he proposes 
to have printed and sent into Thibet by the 
traders who pass that way. 

— The question of ** hasty baptisms " is being 
discussed very earnestly by the missionaries of 
North India. The earnestness is, however, de- 
generating into somewhat acrid controversy, 
which is greatly to be deprecated. The hosts of 
God cannot afford to quarrel over methods. 
The Church wants to pray for the charity "whicl^ 
belieyeth all thingo,'' 



HOME MISSIONS. 



OUR FINAL EFFORT! 

We have come to the last month of the 
fiscal year. Every possible effort has been 
pnt forth by the Board to meet the demands 
of the field and to pay the debt that has been 
for years impeding oar progress. We think 
that we see a gray dawn on the near horizon. 
Bat the fall day of deliverance will not come 
unless all the Pastors, Sessions, and friends 
will lend ns all the aid in their power. This 
is a hard straggle that cannot be carried on 
successfally, single handed. We beg there- 
fore that every Pastor, Stated Supply and 
Session will see that all oar people have the 
opportuaity to contribate something, if not 
as the Lord has prospered them, before the 
closing of oar books on the first of April. It 
win reflect credit on the liberality of oar 
Charch and redound to God's glory and the 
good of our country to be able to announce 
at the next General Assembly that the har- 
rassing debt is cancelled, that the hard work- 
ing and self-denying Missionaries are paid, 
and that the Board is moving cautiously on 
to take possession of the land for Christ. 
We pray all to join us in the final effort to 
bring aboat this blessed result. 



The Board of Home Misssons at the Jan- 
nary meeting appointed Mr. Thornton B. 
Penfield to represent its interests among the 
Christian Endeavor Societies and Sabbath 
achools of our chnrches. This is an import- 
ant movement. The Board has long felt that 
the joung people, now so thoroughly organ- 
ized for regular systematic training and effort 
in Church life and work, ought to be brought 
into dose sympathy and co-operation with 
the missionary operations of the Church. 
Bat time has been taken to find the right 
man for the work. At last one has been 
foand who is irf every way qualified for the 
important position. 

Mr. Penfield is a member of the senior 
cU89 Of Unioi^TbepIojicia Somii^ary, aroce^t 



graduate of Columbia College, and a young 
man of experience in mission work. He 
was employed by our Board of Publication 
two summers as Sabbath-school missionary 
in Minnesota, where he was conspicuously 
wise in his methods and successful in his 
work. 

It is with pleasure that the Board announces 
that he has accepted the appointment, and 
that he will enter at once upon the work, 
giving it such a portion of his time, until his 
graduation, as his remaining duties in the 
Seminary will permit. The present arrange- 
ment is tentative, but it is hoped that the 
results will justify the Board in making it 
permanent. 

Mr. Penfield is commended to the Sabbath- 
schools and Young People^s Societies of the 
Presbyterian Church. His address is the 
same as that of the Board, Box L, Station D, 
68 Fifth Avenue, New York. 



Chbrokbes. — The church among the full- 
blood Cherokees at Elm Springs recently re- 
ceived fourteen new members. Among them 
was one little girl only twelve years old who 
had learned and was able to repeat the entire 
Shorter Catechism. 



Alaska. — A Bill has been introduced into the 
United States Senate proposing a more perfect 
government for Alaska. Besides providing the 
executive and Judicial officers, it establishes a 
land office so that citizens and actual settlers 
can acquire title. It makes natives and other 
residents citizens under certain wise restrictions, 
prohibits the manufacture or sale of liquor except 
by licenced druggists and for medicinal purposes, 
and adopts the laws of Oregon for the Territory. 



Arizona. — Our missions among the Pimas and 
Papagoes in Arizona has been prosperous and 
fruitful from the first. During the past jear 
Rev. Charles H. Cook, our missionary to these 
tribes, received twenty- nine members on exam- 
ination, making a total membership of 54 in the 
C^imcb f^t Siicatoii, His Sabbath-school numbers 



200 



Mope for 



*s Rvdamaticn. 



[Marck^ 



144 He baa taught them even in their poTerty 
to worship God by offerings. Last year the> 
contributed to seven of our denominational 
causes. He is a man of untiring enery and un- 
flagging zeal, and he has evidently succeeded in 
communicating these qualities to these Indians, 
as the following extract from his last report 
shows: 

"We have had little rain here since March, 
1892, and some of the horses and cattle are dying 
from starvation. This makes it difficult for 
some of our members who live from 15 to 85 
miles from here to come to church as often as 
they would like to come. Otherwise there has 
been an increase of attendance at both of our 
churches, also at our open-air meetings. The 
cliurches are generally full; sometimes we 
barely have room for all who come. We should 
like very much to have some of our New York 
friends spend Sunday with us." 



Rev. J. J. Gilchrist, oar Missionary at 
Mora, New Mexico, is a very busy man. Be- 
sides preaching regularly three t mes a week 
in his circuit he publishes a little x>aper in 
Spanish which is a great help among the 
families where so little evangelical literature 
in their language is found. He reports ten 
received on profession of faith, and one by 
letter duri;&g the last quarter. He has also 
baptized four infants and eight adults. 

A very prominent feature of work in the 
older States is clearly visible in the following 
extract from a report of Rev. A. M. Shaw of 
Whitney's Point, New York. There is noth- 
ing discouraging about it, for his work is 
evidently blessed, and he is doing great and 
permanent good« but the results do not re- 
main with him. They are found elsewhere 
blessing and enriching other churches in the 
larger cities, in the new States, on the 
frontiers, extending their influence in wider 
spheres. Mr. Shaw writes: *'With this re- 
port I send seventeen dollars, our contribu- 
tions for benevolence for the past three 
months. My church has received three ad- 
ditions to its membership during the past 
quarter. If it were not for the fact that we 
are constantly losing members by death and 
by removals to other and larger places this 
church would have become self-supporting 
before this time. But with all the additions 
it ecwcely hol4« it3 awn," 



HoPB ?0R Jews in California. — Rev. A. J, 
Goodfriend writes: '^Having been brought 
up in the Jewish Church my heart goes out 
for my people. I think the Gospel ought to 
be preached to them. I wrote to the Board 
asking for an opening and praying that an 
effectual door might be opened, for my heart's 
diBsire for Israel is that they might be saved. 
I firmly believe that if the Board undertook 
this work among the Jewish people money 
would flow into your treasury to carry on the 
work that would surprise us all. li is OocTa 
cause. 

President Harrison's Proclaication, grant- 
ing amnesty to all Mormons convicted of 
polygamy who have not violated the Ed- 
munds-Tucker law since 1890, shows a mag- 
nanimous desire to help the Mormons out of 
their disgrace and up to the level of American 
citizenship. It is the expression of a wil- 
lingness to forget the treachery and double 
dealing of the past, and to take at par the 
pledge made by the authorities of their 
Church two years ago to abandon the doctrine 
and practice of polygamy. It requires a 
wonderful amount of charity for one at all 
acquainted with the history of this peculiar 
X>eople to do this. But it is greatly to the 
credit of the President that he can be thus 
charitable, even when reinforced by the re- 
commendation of the Utah Commission and 
Gov. Thomas. But it ought not to seem 
a strange thing if, as the Mormon papers say, 
'^an apologetic air pervades the document,"' 
for the President is answerable to a nation of 
people who cannot soon forget Mortnon 
treachery by which the authorities. State or 
National, were deceived and outwitted at 
Kirtland, 0., at Independence, Mo., at Nau- 
voo, 111., and at Winter Quarters, la.; or the 
snares by which unsuspecting men and 
women were lured to destruction at Mountain 
Meadows, at Nephi and the Willow Springs, 
at Springville and the Willow Grove, at To* 
querville in the valley of the Rio Virgin, 
and at many other places in Utah; or the 
half century of history throughout which 
under the most sacred professions of purity 
and honor, confiding innocence has been out- 
ni^ed wd be^puled to deat^uctiop. Sut po9« 



im.] 



Viah. 



201 



sibly twenty years of pupilage, under the 
authority of the government reinforced by 
the military, under the influence of Christian 
missions and the instruction of mission 
schools, under the civilizing power of en- 
forced contact with American civilization 
and the stern discipline of gentile enterprise, 
they may in truth have decided to abandon 
their oriental practices and unamerican ambi- 
tions. Possibly Prophet Wilford Woodruff, 
whose manifesto is the warrant for President 
Harrison^s proclamation, is not such an one as 
Prophet Joseph Smith, who wrote, *'Thus 
saith the Lord, there shall not any man 
among you have save it be one wife, and 
concubines he shall have none,^* and then 
took to himself five wives; or as Prophet 
Brigham Young, who, in 1851, declared with 
much indignation that the current report that 
the Mormons practiced polygamy was a ^*gen- 
tile lie,^' and in 1852 published the so-called 
revelation, not only permitting plural mar- 
riages among the saints, but making poly- 
gamy a condition of celestial exaltation and 
favor with God, and then married 19 wives; 
or Prophet John Taylor, who at Boulogne- 
sur-mer, in France in 1 850, denied with holy 
indignation ihe charge that Mormons were 
polygamists, and at the same time had five 
wives in Salt Lake City. It may be that 
President Woodruff is not in accord with the 
apostles and high priests now honored and 
obeyed ia their Church, who for years have 
been preaching throughout Utah that **The 
saints would yet succeed in pnlling the wool 
over the eyes of Congress and the administra- 
tion, and secure statehood and then go to 
casting out devils as they used to do in the good 
old times y At any rate, it is well that 
President Harrison has issued that amnesty 
proclamation upon the terms and with the 
restrictions by which it is guarded, and. 
the Mormons ought to receive it with be- 
coming gratitude and penitence. But Con- 
gress should give them a long time to get 
used to the new order of things and to prove 
their sincerity, before conferring the powers 
of statehood upon them. Let it be clearly 
manifest that pologamy has been abolished in 
good faith, that the disloyal endowment 
house oaths are no longer to be administered 



and that those persons who have hitherto 
been bound by them are released from their 
obligations, before the control of a sovereign 
state is committed to them. 



Utah. — The patient and faithful toilers upon 
this field are cheered with the prospect of an 
increasing harvest. Rev. Frank G. Webster 
of American Fork writes : 

I do not think the outlook was ever as en- 
couraging. I am chairman of the evangelistic 
committee of Presbytery. I cannot supply the 
demands that come to me for ministers to assist 
in special services. I myself have had seven 
iDvitations to assist the brethren in special meet- 
ings. I have already this quarter been to Box 
Elder where over thirty started in the new life 
of service to King ImmaDuel. Four were added 
to the church at American Fork as the result of 
special meetings. 



The good friends everywhere who have 
been giving and praying and watching and 
longing for the prosperity of our work among 
the Mormons will be glad to read the follow- 
ing extract from Miss Cougle's report: 

It would cheer your hearts, even as it does ours, 
oould you step into our academy one of these bright, 
cold mornings, and look into the faces of so many 
Cp-own-up Mormon boys and girls. Never have we 
had such an ingathering of Mormon youth; never 
have we had such opportunities of presenting Bible 
truths to them as now; nor are we unmindful of 
these responsibilities which are upon us during the 
short time they will probably be in. Some of the 
Mormon fraternity are a little uneasy over the con- 
dition of affairs, but as yet have not drawn the rein 
so tightly that these pupils have discontinued 
coming. 

Then, as we come to school each morning, our 
eyes are always delighted with the pretty structure 
rapidly rising on these same academy grounds. The 
new chapel begins to assume proportions that make 
it seem a reality to us. 

Similar tidings come from nine other mis- 
sions in Utah. There is a steady and gratify- 
ing advance all along the line of that division 
of our Home Mission army. 



^^Be not overcome of evil, but overcome 
evil with good. 

Be not weary in well-doing, for in due 
season ye shall reap if ye faint not," 



202 



New JBSngtandj jRmum CatKoUe. 



[^Mdreh^ 



NEW ENGLAND, BOMAN CATHOLIC. 



The above captioD may strike some ol our 
readers as sensational. It may be regarded 
by a few of the descendants of the Puritans, 
who have not watched the recent changes in 
New England, as untrue. We affirm that it 
is not sensational, much less untrue. We 
have no disposition to awaken interest in 
Home Missions by doubtful means, and no 
one, we trust, will accuse us of stating 
knowingly what is false. The distinguished 
gentleman who prepared religious items for 
the last Census tells us in a late number of 
the '* Independent" that there are to-day in 
New England 1,000,000 members of the 
Romish Church as against 230,000 Congrega- 
tionalists. If all the Methodists, the Bap- 
tists and the Episcopalians are added to the 
Congregationalists, they will not equal those 
claimed to belong to the Romish Church. 
Years ago Cardinal Tachereau admitted to 
two United States Senators who called on 
him on business, that there were at least 
800,000 of his subjects in the New England 
States. I read in one of the Quebec journals 
a quotation from the address made by the 
same Prelate to a company of his subjects on 
departing for the land of the Puritans, stating 
that they were not g^ing thither to become 
citizens of the United States, but propa- 
gandists to restore to its rightful owner, the 
Pope, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, 
Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecti- 
cut. This is truly alarming I The enemy is 
getting literally behind our Home Mission 
forces as Sherman got behind the Confeder- 
ates by his memorable march to the sea. 

The change that has taken place in New 
England has been so rapid that none save 
those who are studying the problem of evan- 
gelizing our land, fully understand the facts. 
In the memory of many still living, nearly 
all the farmers of New England were natives 
of the soil and Puritans by descent and edu- 
cation. At that time even the operatives in 
the great factories of Lynn, Fall River and 
Providence were reared in the good old way 
of the fathers. Home Missionaries were not 
needed, hence all the benefactions of the 
churches were devoted to work in foreign 



lands and the gr4at West. Then the spires 
of Protestant churches only pointed the 
people to heaven, and the bells of all the 
places of worship called the young and the 
old to hear the simple truths of the gospel of 
Christ. 

What is the condition of things there to- 
day 9 The majority of the operatives, if not 
of the farmers also, are foreign bom, and 
the g^reat body of them are Romanists. The 
image of the Virgin and the elaborately 
decorated altars are found where a few years 
ag^ the severe Puritan worship only was 
witnessed. To-day the chimes of Cathedral 
bells call multitudes in New England to the 
mummeries of the Church of Rome. This 
Church, I state it to her credit, follows with 
care all her members, whithersoever they go. 
Perhaps the very best of the foreign popula- 
tion of New England are those of the Pres- 
byterian persuasion from Scotland, Ireland, 
the Provinces and the United States. They 
demand that their children be reared in the 
faith of their fathers. Shall it be denied 
them? 

Some have thought that it is a waste of 
money to do it, because they are all welcome 
to the Congregational churches. It must 
not be forgotten that the Scotch and the Irish 
have not known much in their early days 
about our Cong^gational brethren. Besides, 
they find, here and there, when they enter 
the churches in New England, Unitarians 
going under that name. The intelligent 
people of New England appreciate their 
preference forPresbyterianism. For some of 
the best and most influential of the ministers 
and professors there have thanked the Board 
for sending missionaries to care for our own 
people, and to help them resist the great 
avalanche of Romanism coming down from 
the North. Let it be fully understood that 
we do not spend a dime in attempting to 
make proselytes of our Congregational 
brethren, but simply and solely in caring for 
those who will not go to any church but our 
own. We are only looking after the homeless 
and lost of our own household of faith. 
In so doing we are but emulating the Romish 
Church in her commendable care for her dee* 
titate and wandering membexs* 



1898.] 



MauTitain White» — Comity* 



208 



THE MODNTAIN WHITES. 

The above title is now given to the people 
inhabiting a hundred or more counties in the 
moantains of Virginia, North Carolina, Een;> 
tncky, Tennessee and Alabama. Their num- 
ber is variously estimated from 1,000,000 to 
1,500,000. They are believed to be, from 
their history, traditions, peculiarities and 
names of Scotch and Scotch- Irish origin, and 
presumably Presbyterian far back. Until 
recently the country knew very little about 
them. During the late war they were, with 
a few exceptions, loyal to the government 
and believers in the integrity of the Union. 
Many of them carried the musket, and not a 
few fell in defence of their country. These 
people have not felt the commercial quicken- 
ing and business activity witnessed all around 
them, because their homes are in the moun- 
tains, too high to be affected by the whistle 
of the locomotive or the passing tides of im- 
migration. 

The result of isolation and other causes in 
the case of these mountain whites is great 
ignorance and lack of religious advantages. 
Their forefathers, unlike those who went 
West from New England and the Middle 
States, did not take with them a sufficient 
number of ministers and teachers to keep 
their descendents intelligent and religious. 
They have had, through all these years, some 
preachers and teachers after their kind, but 
they have been ignorant, and in many cases 
not of very high moral character. Many of 
the ministers have been unable to read the 
texts which they have undertaken to expound, 
and often asked some one in the congregation 
to read them for them. Notwithstanding, 
they have great respect for the Bible and the 
religion of Christ. Scarcely an infidel can 
be found among them. They hear the gospel 
gladly whenever it is preached to them with 
earnestness and power. 

There is at present a strong movement 
among the evangelical denominations to 
supply these people with Christian schools 
and religious privileges. Our Church has 
already made Asheville, North Carolina, a 
centre, around which cluster a number of 
ixshools and preaching places. The work is 



going on prosperously, and the results of the 
few years' experiment have been very en- 
couraging. No difficulty is experienced in 
securing students who are willing to make 
sacrifices for the sake of an education. Our 
policy is to prepare them to be good Chris- 
tian teachers for our future schools, and to 
be good Christian mechanics and farmers, 
who will show to others in their neighbor- 
hood, by word and example, how to make in 
those callings a respectable living. About 
forty students have been recently brought 
to Christ in our schools at Asheville, as the 
result of a few days preaching by our Pres- 
byterial Missionary, the Rev. John Bachman 
of Tennessee. If this work is pushed for- 
ward as it ought to be, these mountidns, 
which are to-day great moral wastes, will 
soon blossom as the rose. 



Work Among ihs Mountain Whites in Tennes- 
Me.~Rev. C. A. Duncan, 8. M., writes of the 
school at Wartburg having an enrollment of fifty 
scholars, and "trusts that the foundation is be- 
ing laid for a permanent school tbat will bless 
all that region. The principal proposes to in- 
troduce a systematic study of the Bible." 

At Asheville Rev. Nathan Bacbman, Synod i- 
cal Evangelist, "h^ just closed a series of 
meetings in the Normal and Collegiate Insti- 
tute, of which Rev. Thomas Lawrence, D. D., 
Ib superintendent. Forty giris from the Insti- 
tute and the Industrial Home were hopefully 
converted." 

COMITY. 

The attention of the Church and country 
was called afresh to the subject of Denomi- 
national Comity in Home Mission work by 
the report of the Committee to the Portland 
Assembly, and the instructions which that 
Assembly sent to the Board. It is a matter 
of gratification to the Boards of the *^ allied 
denominations " that the religious papers of 
the country have so thoroughly discussed the 
subject. But in this discussion there is 
manifestly an erroneous and exaggerated 
notion of the evils complained of. The 
long-standing rules quoted in the paper 
which follows, show that the subject is not 
new nor neglected in the offices of these 
Boards. 



204 



DenomiruUianal Co-cperaiian Conference m Home JUissions. [^Mareh^ 



It is a matter for regret that the other 
denomiDations invited were not represented 
at the conference. But those who were 
present by diligent comparison of records 
discovered the following facts which may be 
of interest: 

There are 133 mission fields occupied by 
both Presbyterian and Congregational mission- 
aries. Of these 91 are communities of 2,000 
to 25,000 population, in which, of course, 
there could be no offensive rivalry. The re- 
maining 42 are towns of less than 2,000 in- 
habitants. Of these, 81 have never been in 
dispute, nor has the propriety of occupancy 
in both denominations ever been questioned 
by anybody so far as can be learned. The 
remaining 1 1 have at one time or another, 
been in dispute. Seven of these cases have 
been amicably settled as they came up, from 
time to time, as the result of friendly con- 
ference such as the General Assembly now 
recommends, by the withdrawal of the one 
or the other party from the field. The re- 
maining four fields are in process of amicable 
adjustment in the same way. 

But one such case has arisen between the 
Prebyterian and Reformed Churches and 
that was settled by the voluntary withdrawal 
of one party. 

REPORT OP THE DENOMINATIONAL CO- 
OPERATION CONFERENCE ON BOMB 

MISSIONS. 

The Oeneral Aawmbly of the Presbyterian Church 
in the United States of America two years a|^o ap- 
pointed a committee on this subject, which pre- 
sented to the last Assembly a very full and exhaus- 
tive report, containing among other recommenda- 
tions the following: 

" In view of the fact that a lack of conference is 
g^iven as the frequent reason for lack of co-opera- 
tion, we recommend a joint conference of the Ex- 
ecutive Officers of the allied denominations, to be 
held at some time in the near future, for the pur- 
pose of devising some plan for future operations 
in the general line [of the facts and principles 
herein given.^ 

As a result of the above action a meeting was held 
at the Presbyterian Mission Rooms, 53 Fifth Ave- 
nue, New York, on the 5th of December, 1S92, at 
which the following persons were present: 

Rev. WiUUm C. Roberts, D. D., Rev. William 
Irvin, D. D., and Rev. Duncan J. McMillan, D. D., 
Corresponding Secretaries of the Board of Home 
MisBtons of the Presbyterian Church; Rev. Charles 



Ik Thompson, D. D., Chairman, and Rev. J. Aspln- 
wall Hodge, D. D., members of the General Assem- 
bly's Committee on Co-operation; Rev. J. B. Clark, 
D. D., Rev. William Kincaid, D. D., and Rev. 
Washington Choate, D. D., Corresponding Secre- 
taries of the American Home Missionary Society; 
and Rev. Paul D. Van Cleef, D. D., President, and 
Rev. Charles H. Pool, D. D., Corresponding Secre- 
tary of the Board of Domestic Missions of the Re- 
formed Church in America. 

After a full and free discussion on the subject of 
Denominational Comity in missionary work, in 
which all were of one mind, a committee of three, 
one from each denomination, was appointed to em- 
body the result of this Conference in some appropri- 
ate form, and report at another meeting, to be held 
at the same place. 

At a meeting on December ISth, the Committee 
reported as follows: 

** That each of the Boards or Societies represented 
has on record rules for the government of its agents 
in their interdenominational relations on miadonaxy 
fields. 

The Presbyterian Home Missionary is required by 
the printed terms of his commission to ' avoid inter- 
fering improperly with existing organisations, 
or multiplying churches from mere sectarian con- 
siderations.' 

** The CongregationaUsts, in their printed state- 
ment of principles furnished to their Superintend- 
ents and Missionfliries, say: * It Is the invariable rule 
of the Society not to plant a Congregational Church 
or Missiim on ground which, in the proper sense of 
the word, is cared for by other evangelical denomi- 
nations.* 

" The rule adopted by the Board of the Reformed 
Church is * not to gather a congregation in any com- 
munity when the deld is fuUy occupied by other 
evangelical churches.* 

** The Committee endorse these rules as wise, and 
sufficient to cover the whole ground, needing only 
to be applied as circumstances arise. 

'*The Committee, therefore, recommend in the 
first place, that these rules be emphasized as of uni- 
versal application. 

'* Secondly. — That exceptional cases which may 
arise shall be referred to Committees of Conference 
on the field, consisting of the Chairmen of the Lccal 
Home Missionary Committees of the denominations 
concerned, together with the Synodical Mis- 
sionaries and the Home Missionary Superintend- 
ents. 

** Thirdly,— In case of disagreement on the field, 
the question in dispute shall be referred to the 
Secretaries of the Home Missionary Societies in 
New York. 

" In regard to the feasibility of uniting small 
churches, it is recommended that each Board or So- 
ciety inquire of its field agents what churches, if 
any, belongiug to the different denominations can 
be served by one pastor or supply, the missionary 
grant in that case to be equitably divided between 



189S.] 



IHrst RvAyterian Church in Altuka. 



206 



the several Boards, and the churches to retain their 
denominational relations; also that inquiry be 
made what church or churches should be discon- 
tinued, and its members be advised to unite with 
some other eyangelical church.^' 

The following resolution was then unanimously 
adopted; 

" Resotved^ That the Boards here represented 
furnish the religious press with these rules and 
suggestions, and also supply their missionaries on 
the field.** 



THE FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN 

ALASKA. 

BEY. CLASENCB THWIRG, M. D., FT. WSAKGEL. 

[Our reculers will be interested in Dr. Thwing's 
▼ivid picturing of his work and his people. He has 
passed from the medical profession into the ministry, 
and is as successful in the latter as he was in the 
former. He preached while he was practicing, and 
continues his practice while he is preaching.] 

The natives were eagerly awaiting the coming 
of their new minister, and all greeted me kindly 
and heartily. But few families were in from 
their summer camping grounds, or the "fall 
hunt," when I arrived, and so the Church ser- 
vices were thinly attended, but the numbers 
gradually increased from week to week (80, 60, 
70, 90, and soon); and daring the past month 
the audience has been« on Sabbath mornings, 
about as large as could be comfortably seated — 
not counted, but probably 120 or over. The 
people seem to be generally pleased with simple 
expository talks on the parables and other scrip- 
ture passages easy to be interpreted, and they 
will listen to quite plain talking if it is earnest 
and kind. I have found it a great help, in 
making acquaintances and winning the in- 
different to church attendance, to spend a good 
part of my time in visiting the families at their 
homes. 

The Alaskans receive a white visitor with 
conspicuous courtesy and attention, particularly 
when they feel that he comes as a friend and not 
a mere curio hunter, critic or spy. I have often 
felt that I could learn something of politeness 
and urbanity from them-^especially in the re- 
ception of a caller who is inopportune 1 My 
calls, however untimely, even when interrupting 
their meals or other household business, have 
alwajs elicited a respectful and pleasant wel- 
come. Of course, the Thlinkets can reciprocate 
rudeness as well as sympathy and civility, and 
it behooves strangers not to be too dainty or top- 
lofty in approaching them if they have favors 
to ask. 



When you knock at their door you receive an 
instant invitation to enter. The inmate will call 
"Ha goo," or "come in," without delay, no 
matter whether he is ready for company or not. 
The latch string is always out if anyone is 
within, and you are welcome to Join the group 
at the open fire where a free hospitality prevails. 
If you doff your hat and offer your hand, while 
speaking a friendly greeting, you will receive a 
cheerful response, and some one will rise to grasp 
your band and others will skirmish around to 
find and uncover a chair (kept for such distin- 
guished guests) and place it for you in the midst 
of the group at the best place available by the 
central fireplace. Should you be disposed to 
pass a kindly remark or favorable comment, in- 
stead of sniffing in disgust at the drying skins 
and clothing or smoked fish overhead, you will 
hear a hearty " Koona cheese " — a native word 
which proves that the Alaskans can tay " Thank 
you," wh<9ther they understand the quality of 
gpratitude or not. 

The effect of frequent calls by the minister is 
to remind the church members of the regular, or 
special, services of worship and Bible study, and 
to keep in their minds the obligation of Christian 
living which they are tempted to neglect or 
forget, in the midst of ungodly neighbors who 
observe the "old customs." It is well for them 
to feel that their pastor's eyes are often upon 
them (as well as the Heavenly Shepherd's un- 
slumbering and everwatchf ul sight), and that he 
cares to look after their daily life as well as their 
worship in the sanctuary. There are many 
matters also which are brought up for discussion 
and illumination at the family hearth which are 
not referred to in the formal gatherings for 
prayer and conference. Individual difficulties 
and perplexities are there brought to light, or in 
the still more private conferences at the minis- 
ter's study, which show what the real needs of 
the congregation are, and what teachings are 
best suited for their present circumstances. 

On account of the numerous calls at the 
parsonage (about 450 in three months) and the 
Tisits (nearly half that number) paid to parish- 
ioners, I have not made much progress yet, 
either in theological study [Dr. Thwing went 
from the medical profession into the ministry] 
or in learning the language ; besides, I have no 
teacher for either subject. My aim has been, 
and will be, chiefly to "do the work of an 
evangelist," to preach — seven days in the week — 
the simple gospel of salvation, to invite young 
and old, everywhere, to repent, believe and be 
bapUied. I feel that my call to labor here is 



206 



IHrsi Pretbyterian Church in Aloikcu 



[Jfareh, 



to ioin souls and to make that my chief business 
until all are won to Christ. 

As a result of the season of prayer there were 
ttoelve adults and five young children (brought by 
Christian parents) baptized on Christmas morn- 
ing. At the communion service, on the first 
Sunday in December, two adults and three 
children were baptized, and two church mem- 
bers received on certificate, from Sitka and 
Ho wean. Thus our church roll has been in- 
creased by 16 adults and 8 children during the 
quarter. One member has died during the 
quarter, and about 60 names are now on the 
roll. 

Several others are awaiting baptism, and 
several young people, who were baptized in 
infancy, are to be received into the fellowship 
of the Church on confession of their faith. Two 
couples, who have been living together accord- 
ing to native custom for many years, came last 
week to be lawfully united in marriage (at their 
own suggestion) prior to baptism on the Sab- 
bath. Several other couples who wish to enter 
Church fellowship are considering the question 
of legal and Christian marriage, but some are 
deterred by the influence of unconverted friends 
or an unwillingness to abandon all old customs 
relating to family ties and property rights. 
There have been no marriages recorded here 
since 1889, and I know of quite a number of 
young couples living together as the white men 
live with native women, un wedded. In some 
instances married couples have separated, with 
or without good cause, and formed new alliances 
which are very difficult to disentangle. The 
marriage problems are about the most vexing 
ones which confront an earnest pastor here. 

Our nearness to the Metlakahtla colony at 
Portchester, where the natives are supposed to 
be living very much like white people in the 
East (?), affords a wholesome incentive to our 
younger men to adopt the degree of civilized 
life there enjoyed; and the young men here are 
ambitious enough and enlightened enough to 
wish to discard many old practices which are 
unbusiness like, unprofitable and senseless, or 
superstitious, and to learn some more modem 
amusements in place of the old-fashioned 
dances— with painted faces, adornments of beads, 
blankets and feathers, and other barbaric or 
heathenish accompaniments. They would be 
glad, for example, to receive some help toward 
the purchase of musical instruments for a band, 
such as those among the boys at Sitka and Port- 
chester. It is no small question how to properly 
occupy and entertain the young people and the 



older ones too (for all are mentally childlike and 
consider amusement very necessary), during the 
winter vacation, when they are not required to 
work much, because the summer toil has pro- 
vided the necessary food, fuel and other necessa- 
ries for winter use. Quite a number of *'old* 
fashioned " dances and potlatch-feasta have been 
held the past few weeks, as a social and enter- 
taining way of settling their accounts with each 
other, paying off indebtedness and comforting 
the bereaved. 

I have hope, however, that another year the 
standard of morality and civilized living may be 
raised to that set by the few at present 

As a partial offset to the somewhat demoraliz- 
ing influences of the native dance-feasts, we 
have had some extra meetings for prayer or song 
practice, on Tuesday and Saturday afternoons. 
Mrs. Thwing has been arduous in rehearsing the 
Gospel Hymns, for Sunday services, and songs 
for Christmas, two or three times each week, 
with the children and others who cared to join. 
She also plays the organ at most of the ^church 
meetings. 

Our Christmas tree and treat occurred on last 
Monday evening, the 26th, and the church was 
crowded full. A half hour or more was occu- 
pied with singing, recitations, a simple calis- 
thenic exercise (which was quite a triumph for 
lethargic Thlinket children), and some pieces by 
a quartette of white friends* On the tree were 
presents for all the children who could be dis- 
covered in Wrangel, and apples, candy and pic- 
ture cards for the older natives. All present, 
including a score of villagers, seemed to enjoy 
the evening, and a hearty vote of thanks was 
given the ladies who had decorated the meeting 
house and conjured up the gifts and ornaments 
on the tree. 

The contributions of the Church, by subscrip- 
tion and collection, have been nearly sufficient 
to meet the current expenses (for interpreter, 
fuel and light) thus far; it is proposed to meet 
these congregational expenses during the coming 
year wholly by subscription, if possible, so that 
the offerings in church may be devoted to 
benevolest and missionary work. Collections 
have been taken already for the Home and 
Foreign Boards of our Church, amounting to 
$20 and $30 respectively, for the extension of 
missionary work in Alaska (outside of Wrangel) 
and for the support of a native missionary 
helper in China. 

Perhaps it should be explained that rather 
more than half of these benevolent contributions 
came from an individual, who follows the prac« 



1898.] 



Mome Misrions in the Older States*, 



207 



tice of tithing; however, the remainder indicates 
a fair start, for a "home missionary " church, 
in giving to objects outside of congregational 
needs. In addition to the sum of $20 already 
given for current expenses, over $15 was con- 
tributed for some minor repairs to the church 
and additions to its furnishing. 



Alaska Indians, ^Rey. L. F. Jones writes 
impressively of the enhanced difficulty of 
evangelizing Indians whom the Russian 
priests have baptized. ^' The very mystery 
in which the Russian Church is enshrouded 
has a fascination for them." He says, *^My 
hope lies with the children whom I am 
teaching every day the rudiments of an Eng- 
lish education, notwithstanding they have all 
already been ticketed for heaven by the Rus- 
sian Church. Some of these boys and girls 
are quite apt in learning." 



Concert of (p^ager 
Jot C(urc( 0}7orft at f^ome 



JANUARY, .... The New West 

PBBRUARY The Indiana. 

MARCH, .... The Older Statea. 

APRII^ TheCitlea. 

MAY, ..... The Mormona. 

JUNB, Our Miaalonariea. 

JULY, Reaulta of the Year. 

AUGUST, Romaniita and Poreignera. 

SEPTEMBER, .... The Outlook. 
OCTOBER, .... The Treaaury. 

NOVEMBER, ... The Mexlcana. 

DECEMBER, .... The South. 



HOME MISSIONS IN THE OLDER 

STATES. 

The terms Older States have different ap- 
plications. They sometimes imply the thir- 
teen original States of the American Union, 
and sometimes the commonwealths lying 
between the Allegheny Mountains and the 
Atlantic Ocean. In this article, we shall 
apply the words to all that territory extend- 
ing from our extreme Eastern boundary to 
the Mississippi River. This includes only 
one-third of the United States. Until a 
comparatiyely recent date it was regarded as 
the whc^ of it that was of much value. It 



is, indeed, a wide extent of country. No 
one who has not travelled from New York or 
Boston to St. Paul or Minneapolis can form 
any just conception of its area. 

As many ef our readers are more familiar 
with the extent of the different countries of 
Europe than they are with that of the States 
west of the Alleghenies, a comparison of the 
two may aid in grasping their vastness. The 
older States cover about the same number of 
square miles as the Republic of France, the 
Empire of Austria and the States of Germany, 
together with the Kingdoms of Spain and 
Italy. The soil of the States is richer and 
their micerals are more abundant than those 
of the' European countries with which they 
are here compared. But the population, at 
the present time, is in the ratio of one to four, 
or 48,000,000 to 174,000,000. But the day 
is not far distant when there will be as large 
a number of people in the older States of this 
Union as there is to-day in France, Austria, 
Germany, Spain and Italy combined. In 
this light, the work still to be done by the 
Board of Home Missions east of the Mississ- 
ippi is vast and important. 

There is an impression more or less general 
that the territority here designated the older 
States is rapidly ceasing to be a Home Mis- 
sion field. This is probably based on the fact 
that the people there are becoming more 
settled, and the Presbyteries better able to 
take care of them. Whilst that is unques- 
tionably true, it is just as true that parts of 
New Jersey are as needy as any districts on the 
Pacific coast; that counties in Delaware and 
on the Eastern shore of Maryland are as truly 
home missionary ground as similar counties 
in lion tana and Idaho; that sections of 
Pennsylvania need missionaries as much as 
portions of Pnget Sound, and that the lake 
and lumber regions of New York are as de- 
pendent on the Board as some of the valleys 
of Colorado and New Mexico. The reason 
of this is easily explained. Multitudes of 
the farmers in the older States emigrate to 
the West, and people of foreign birth come 
in to take their place; new discoveries and 
industries like the oil wells of Pennsylvania, 
the lumber of New York, the natural gas of 
TnHiiLTift^ the iron of Wisconsin, and the pines 



208 



LeOen—OMo. 



IXar^ 



of Michigan, attract to them multitudes of 
skilled woi kmeu and day laborers who need 
religious privileges. 

There are in addition to what is said above 
vast regions of virgin soil and unsettled 
plains and valleys in the older States. This 
is specially true of northern Wisconsin, parts 
of the Lower Peninsula and most of the 
Upper Peninsula of Michigan, West Virginia, 
Tennessee and Kentucky. All these are 
filling up more or less rapidly with a needy 
population. It is safe to say that the Board 
of Home Missions could profitably expend 
all its present receipts in the evangelization 
of that part of our land lying east of the 
Mississippi River. Consequently instead of 
decreasing, the demand for missionaries even 
there is increasing. 

The work of missions in these older States 
is two-fold, namely, that carried on by the 
different Synods and that conducted by the 
Board itself. It is a notable and encouraging 
fact that the Synod of New Jersey supported 
last year all its weak churches and contributed 
towards the general work of the Board of 
Home Missions the sum of 148,000, or from 
$4,000 to $6,000 more than during any pre- 
ceding year, except when special gifts were 
made toward paying the debt. The Synod 
of Indiana is supporting this year all its 
weak churches and contributing about |2,000 
towards the general work. The Synods of 
New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and some 
others are caring for most of their weak 
churches in addition to their large contribu- 
tions towards the general work of the Board. 
On the recommendation of the Presbyteries, 
the Board of Home Missions is aiding all the 
churches that are unable to support them- 
selves in the States that have not as yet a 
Sustentation Scheme, and aiding all the 
properly called Home Missionary churches 
within the bounds of the Synods that take 
care, wholly or in part, of their weak 
churches. The two plans are working admir- 
ably together and the contributors seem to 
appreciate the value of and reason for each. 
It is apparent from the above statements that 
$800,000 or $900,000 is a small sum of money 
to be distributed over the whole of this broad 
land. For the region lying beyond th« 



Mississippi is twice as large and ten times as 
destitute as that embraced in the older States. 
It is everywhere opening up for immigration 
and advancing in population and material 
riches. But the prayers of God^s people are 
specially asked this month for the work of 
the Board and that of the Synods in the 
older States. 

Particular attention is called to the letters 
from Ohio and Illinois, as appropriate to the 
topic for the month: — ^^Home Missions in 
the Older States."*^ These letters glow with 
holy zeal and report results that are not only 
gratifying but inspiring. They show that 
we may do as grand work for the Master in 
the older States as in the newer. The Home 
Mission field is our whole beloved country. 



OHIO. 

Rev. Park W. Tayix>r, Hariging Bock:^l 
love these little feeble churches in Southern 
Ohio where my father labored for nearly forty 
years, part of the time as a home missionary, I 
have taken hold of the work here on the river 
and find that I am needed. This little church 
pays my salary and allows me one Sabbath per 
month in which to do missionary work around 
among the feeble churches. I have two brothers 
laboring among these small churches, two of 
them members of Athens Presbytery. We are 
doing missionary work, though at present we 
receive nothing from the Board. I have just 
received joyful news from one of them that the 
Spirit has visited his church and fourteen have 
been received into the church on profession of 
their faith. Though my church here has but 80 
members I am pushing them up on missions and 
getting good collections for the Boards. Our 
collection for home missions was nearly $11.00. 
I am the only resident minister in a town of 500 
people, and the only resident minister on the 
river between Ironton and Portsmouth, a dis- 
tance of 80 miles. I wish we had more men 
down here. We have needy fields, but no men 
to put into them. We have not fields with large 
salaries, but we have needy fields and fields that 
will pay in souls redeemed from sin, and which, 
with a little help from the Board, could support 
aman. 



1893.] 



West Virginia. 



209 



I do not understand all this discussion about 
"unemployed mioisters and vacant churches." 
I can tell you of vacant churches; I understand 
that part of it. But I don't know of any unem- 
ployed ministers. All the ministers around here 
are busy, and in fact have more than they can do. 



WEST VIRGINIA. 

Rbv. a. B. Lowes: — Our pres^-ytery of Park- 
ersburg embraces twenty scYon of the fifty-four 
counties of the State, and more than one half 
the population. In these tto&nty-seven counties 
we have only thirty one churches, fourteen min- 
isters and 1,656 members. 

The total strength of our Church in the entire 
State, is 46 churches, 26 ministers and 4,447 
members, in a population of more than 800,000. 
Wetzel county, with a population of 17,000, has 
not a Presbyterian church in it. Monongalia 
county (16,000), has one, Preston (20,000), has 
two weak churches, and these counties all border 
on the great State of Pennsylvania. Doddridge 
county (12,000), has none, Tyler (16,000), one. 
Wood (30,000), two, Jackson (20.000), one, and 
Mason (20,000), two. But one county in the 
bounds of the presbytery of Parkersburg has as 
many as three Presbyterian churches. This is 
not a flattering showing for our Church. 

•* Can the Presbyterian Church be built up in 
West Virginia?" Most emphatically, tks. 
Take one illustration which will serve for the 
whole State. 

In Marshall county there is one pastoral charge, 
consisting of three organized churches, and a 
fourth place of preaching. In the last three 
years there have been added to these churches, 
on examination 189, on certificate, 87, total 176. 
Last year they received on examination 60, and 
on certificate 26, total 86. This is wholly a 
country charge. With men of such zeal and 
consecration such as characterizes the pastor of 
this charge, like results can be secured anywhere 
else in the State. I can go into any of the coun- 
try school houses, and with a few hour's notice, 
can have them crowded any night and every 
night in the week. And as these white school 
houses, which dot the hillsides are multiplied, 
and the school term is lengthened, comes a de- 
mand from the people, particularly from the 
young people for better preaching, and the Pres- 
byterian Church must be the foremost in sup- 
plying this demand. The present is the oppor- 
tunity of our Church in this State. 

One more illustration, last winter 1 received a 
lettei: from a ^entleqa^o of Q^dric^ i^ Tucker 



county, saying there was no church of any 
kind in their town — not an isolated case by any 
means — and they bad determined to build one. 
They then had the building well underway, 
had deeded it to the Presbyterians, and wanted 
a little aid in helping to Qnish it. I went up to 
see what could be done for them. I enquired 
for the gentleman with whom I had been corres- 
responding, and was most cordially welcomed 
by him. When the subject of the church came 
up he said to me, you will be surprised when 
I tell you that both my wife and myself are 
members of the M. E. Church, and I have been 
writing to you about this Presbyterian church. 
I was surprised and asked him how it was. He 
replied that when they decided that they must 
have a church of some kind in the place, a pub- 
lic meeting of the citizens was held and well at- 
tended, and by more than a ttoo-ihirds vote it 
was decided that it should be Presbyterian. 

Some said to him, if we make it an M. £. 
church we will get more preaching than from 
the Presbyterians. ^ He replied, if we make it 
Presbyterian we will get better preaching than 
from the Methodists. He was ready with the 
wife to go into a Presbyterian church as soon as 
one could be organized. 

I found they were in the hands of the Win- 
chester Presbytery of the Southern Assembly, 
and so advised them' that it would be to their 
advantage to seek an organization from them. 
I called to see the nearest Southern minister, and 
told him of them, and a promising church has 
since been organized. There is no friction be- 
tween the churches in the North and South. At 
only two points in our presbytery are there 
Northern and Southern Churches. They ought 
to be united. The State is now being rapidly 
developed, railroads are being projected into 
every part of the State in order to reach the 
valuable timber, coal and other minerals, the 
supply of which is almost inexhaustible. 

New towns are springing up, new fields for 
the Church are opening. So far as the people 
are concerned, their presence here is no experi- 
ment. They are here to stay. Any work done 
will be permanent work, not to be affected by 
draught, cyclones or mushroom towns. I regard 
West Virginia as one of the most inviting and 
jyromieing Home Mission fields open to our 
Church. It is at the same time the most neglected. 
The people generally are poor, or in but mod- 
erate circumstances, and have never been edu- 
cated to give. They need the simple though 
glorious Gk>spel, and for the present it mU9t 
literally be given to tliem* 



210 



lUincii—Ssfnod of lennessee. 



IMarek^ 



ILLINOIS. 

Rkv. FBA.NK M. Albxandbb, Mu/rphytbaro : — 
When we made our application to you for aid to 
the amount of |50 for six months, I determined 
to see whether our benevolent offerings could 
not be made equal to the amount of aid that we 
asked. This hope has been realized and ex- 
ceeded as to the last quarter, as the following 
table will show : 

OOTOBXB.— Columbus Day Offering, $20 00 



BOMB HISSIONS. 



Church, . 
Sunday School, 



$6 00 
4 00 



$10 00 



FOBBION lOBSIONS. 



Church, . 
Sunday School, 



$6 00 
4 00 



Total, 



$10 00 
$20^ 

NovBiCBBB. — Special for support of 
a little girl in Fresbyterian Mission 
School in City of Mexico. 

Ladies' Society, . $5 00 

Junior C. E. Society, 1 

Sabbath-school, Pri- 
mary ClasB, . 

Board of Education, 



00 
1 00 



$7 00 
700 



Dbcbmbbb. — Foreign Missions — 
Sunday School Christmas offering 
not yet sent, .... 



$14 00 



800 



Total, $42 00 

We also in January sent $7.00 to the Freed- 
men's Board, so that already since October 1, we 
have made up $49 — only one dollar short of the 
amount asked for the six months. 

We have begun enlisting also the other 
churches in the work of systematic house-to- 
house visitation. The town has been divided 
into 81 districts, and as fast as possible these are 
assigned each to two visitors who go to every 
family, ascertain names of parents and children, 
church preferenc«», whether in Sabbath -school 
or not, etc., keeping record of these facts to be 
used by the minister. The committees also aim 
to leave suitable tracts or some kind of religious 
literature in every house — to find out any fami- 
lies th%t may not have Bibles, and try to induce 
them to buy ; or, in extreme cases, supply them. 
We are hoping this work may do much good. 

Our own congregation hope to be able to build 
a parsonage in the spring. This has been a 
great desideratum with us — the source of con- 
siderable inconvenience and discomfort to the 
minister and his family, The principal difficulty 
is that we have no site for building, and desir- 
»bl^ lots are sold ^uite Ugh, 



Rby. John Weston, D. D., Supkrin tjcndkbt , 
Chicago; — It has given me pleasure to address to 
each one of our churches a letter stirring up 
their pure minds by way of remembrance in re- 
spect to the importance of being generous to- 
ward the treasury of the Board. I have sent to 
every pastor copies of the leaflets published by 
the Board offering to send any number to circu- 
late in the pews on the Sabbath preceding the 
offering, and a number have asked for a gener- 
ous supply and they have been sent. We are 
aiming to have every church in the Presbytery 
send an offering to the Board this year, and we 
are quite hopeful of success. 

We have some young <5hurches that are pro- 
gressing finely and will soon be self-supporting. 
We nave conducted with good success a Presby- 
terial Convention at which some very important 
topics were discussed bearing upon the Home 
Mission work of our Presbytery. We made an 
effort to get all the elements of cur churches to 
attend and succeeded above our expectation. 

We have been able to take advantage of a fine 
opportunity to advance the Lord's work in a 
very needy portion of the city. The only thing 
at first attempted was the mission school. No 
effort was made to develop a church. Indeed, it 
was feared that the regular preaching of the 
€k>spel would result in the children being taken 
out of the Sunday-school. In this very neigh- 
borhood is our Olivet Church, and because of 
the wickedness of the place it was at one time 
known as LitUe Hell Church. This church has 
been meeting in the third story of a building 
occupied on the first and second stories as a 
liquor store. The room has been too small and 
the work crippled. It was at once determined 
to try and get possession of a large building 
near by. The money is about raised and our 
Olivet Church is about to take possession. The 
Sabbath-school now numbers 1,800. We expect 
to secure the help of thirty students of the 
seminary to teach in the Sunday school and can- 
vass in the district, and we are looking for 
great things as the result of this enterprise. 
To reach the thousands of Indifferent people in 
this neglected district will take labor and wis- 
dom, but it is a field white to the harvest. 



SYNOD OF TENNESSEE. 

REV. C. A. DUNCAN, S. M. 

In Alabama the present urgent demand is for 
at least three new men, and I will leave no stone 
unturned for securing these from the senior 
q}439^ in our seniin^nes. It is hope4 that I(6t, 



1898.] 



Ind^n lerrUorif. 



211 



James'Bassett will continue his work in Annis- 
ton. We have an encouraging field at Bridge- 
port, where the church with new building paid 
for is eager for a pastor. 

The church at New Decatur has recently been 
relieved of its debt and must be supplied. Then 
we need to open a new work in a mioing re^on 
fourteen miles west of Birmingham, with Bloos- 
burg as a center. Near by are Cardiff, Gintown, 
Fieldstown and Coalburg. These towns to- 
gether have a sturdy Scotch-Irish population of 
more than five thousand, and but little mission- 
ary work is being done by any denomination 
among them. 

The churches of Thomas and Pratt Mines can 
easily be cared for by one man, and this is being 
well done by Rev. Henry A. Mullen, who during 
my visit early in December resumed his work at 
Pratt Mines. Bloosburg and the contiguous 
towns are at easy supporting distance from 
Thomas and Pratt Mines, and in turn another 
field opened so near will furnish encouraging 
companionship to the minister and church at 
Thomas and Pratt. 

Some progress has been made at Elizabethton, 
Tenn., in the securing of a fine location for an 
academy building. The lot is paid for and I am 
in correspondence, which, I trust, will result in 
the locating of a good man there for church and 
school. 

November 8 we started a subscription paper 
for the erection of a new church building at 
Kioeville, N. C. The Sabbath following I 
preached at Reems Creek, seven miles from Rice- 
ville, and tried to bring the church there up to a 
higher point of system and liberality in the sup- 
X)ort of their minister, the Rev. Frank M. Fox. 

Soul-warming and saving revivals of religion 
follow in the track of our excellent evangelist, 
Rev. Nathan Bachman. 



INDIAN TERRITORY. 

Ret. E. E. Mathbs, Mm dpring$ i—Bro, Manus 
is our only available interpreter, and he is with 
Bro. Leiper half of the time, and without him 
I could not hold services to any advantage in 
any other full-blood neighborhood; but I can 
here, because nearly all the school children and 
many others in the community understand a 
good deal of English. In this we see one of the 
benefits of the Mission Day schools. But we 
are planning for more out-reaching work in the 
near future. 

In my last report I referred to our quarterly 
communion 9«rvige held on the seeond Sftbbaf;ft 



in October, at which time fourteen new members 
were received — ^thirteen on profession of their 
faith in Christ. ** One soweth and another reap- 
eth." Five of the thirteen were children in the 
school, and since that time one of them, a girl 
twelve years old, has recited to me the entire 
Shorter Catechism. Thus are we greatly 
encouraged in the work. 

It is true there are many discouragements and 
hinderances. Oft-times we feel inclined to grow 
faint and give up the strife. Then we remem- 
ber the promises — they are so full and precious 
and we cast about and see signs of growth and 
fruitage. 

OUB THANKSGIYINQ SERYICB. 

This was to me very interesting indeed. The 
thank offering that the people brought— some 
money — some oats — some beans, etc., etc., tho' 
not large in itself, showed appreciative and 
grateful hearts, and gave evidence that they are 
trying to do something in return for what is 
being done for them. Somewhere near seven 
dollars were contributed in* this way above re- 
ferred to. We of the Mission make it ten 
dollars. 

The Christmas exercises on Friday night be- 
fore Xmas were well attended, tho' it was a dark 
and rainy night. 

The exercises were almost entirely by the 
school children, and all did exceedingly well. 
We had some songs and recitations in Cherokee 
(the same that were given in English) for the 
sake of those who could not understand 
English. 

The tree was a very pretty one, and the pres- 
ents made many hearts glad and caused many 
faces to beam with brightness. The congrega- 
tion was very attentive thro' it all. I never saw 
better order at a Christmas tree. 

On Christmas Day, after preaching from the 
words ** It is more blessed to give than to re- 
ceive," we received contributions for foreign 
missions, the amount of which was most grati- 
fying. 



Rev. David Smallwood, a young Indian 
minister, writes of his place and work in a very 
interesting style: 

**My service begin 1 day of Oct. 1893, to Jan- 
uary 1, 1893. I have preached 21 times Girty 
Spring Church and 2 Station." 

" My Congregation is changeable ; some tim 
large congregation and some tim small." 

'* Because it has been good deal sickness this 
fyW, they were 40t ftl?te to' come to meetingi 



212 



MnneMa—Or^fonr^Utak 



[^Mareh^ 



They enjoy very much my preaching— third 
Sunday in each month, and rest at 2 Station. 
Girty Spring Church we have good church 
house built, will comodat 168 to 175 people. 
We do have big congregation this country." 

"We don't have no Sabbath -school, I am 
sorry, but I thank Gk)d yet we have good chance 
to organize." 

"I know we going to Sabbath school, we have 
good church house to go to." 

** We have no public school, no privat school, 
no mission school needing to train children." 

'* I hope the Lord be with you brethren, and 
by the power of the Holy Ghost, be with you all 
—your work and my work." 



MINNESOTA. 



Rev. Jaicbs Dudycha writes of his work in 
Montgomery, a town of about 1200 people, of 
whom 500 are Bohemians— the rest Germans and 
Americans. 

There is one Catholic priest aided by four 
sisters of Charity. . . . One hundred chil- 
dren in the public school and over two hundred 
in the parochial school. . . . Began work 
by visiting and inviting to religious services. 
. . . Taught the children to sing three times 
a week or more, knowing their national love of 
music. ... By such tact and diligence he 
has doubled the number in his Sabbath school. 
. r . Becoming acquainted with the Catholics, 
he finds them "quite liberal"— "Protestant at 
heart, lacking courage to make a stand. . . 
An old Catholic couple have got hold of a Bible, 
and have read it through twice and esteem it 
highly." Another old lady said of the Bible, 
" That book is my comfort, my joy." 

They have a church of ten members; four Bo- 
hemians, one German and five Americans— one 
elder of each of those nationalities. 

He pictures strongly the perplexities incident 
to such a situation, among them the being obliged 
to live with his newly wedded wife in one room 
that must serve aa "kitchen, parlor, study" and 
all other domestic uses. This seemed to him 
hardest for his wife, who had always lived in 
New York. No wonder he longs f or a " manse. " 
. . . Helped by many friends, they have a 
church ** plastered and wood-work done, also a 
pulpit and desk," but yet needing many things 
to complete its appointments. 

All this looks very hopeful. Small beginnings 
alive are far better than being '• rich and increased 
to goods," feeling " need of QotUing." 



OREGON. 

Rev. Q. W. Giboxbt, Oregon Oity: — I sup- 
pose you have been informed by the H. M. 
Committee of this Presbytery that we make no 
further application for assistance. This stand 
for self-support was made at our last annual 
congregational meeting and in addition they 
voted an increase of my salary. The movement 
has proved of great helpfulness to the Church 
itself. The contributions to the benevolent ob- 
jects of our Church have been much better than 
ever before. 

At our November communion service, we re- 
ceived six into the membership of our church, 
four on profession and two by letter. 

During the past quarter a Junior Endeavor 
Society has been organized with a membership 
of about 80, and under the efficient management 
of one of our lady members, it is doing excellent 
work. 

On behalf of our church I wish to express to 
you our thanks for your generous help to this 
church since its organization. Your assistance 
began about 3^ years ago and has been truly a 
blessing to this church in her infant life. I can 
only speak for the loyalty and ever increasing 
interest in mission work on the part of our 
people, and I'm sure that you can count upon 
their help and co-operation in the future work of 
the Church. 

UTAH. 

Rev. Philip Bohback:— It is a great pleasure 
to me to see some of these Mormons attending* 
our services and eagerly drinking in the truth of 
the gospel of Christ. But these closet listeners 
are young men of our day school of the past 
years as well as this year. It. does show what 
the schools can do here. 

I hope that, through our prayers and conver- 
sation with these hearers of God's word, they 
will be converted to the truth and find Jesus as 
their Saviour. In spite of opposition our work 
is growing more and better than ever. As the 
day school grows during the winter, the attend- 
ance also at divine services grows. 

At the communion at MlllvlUe September 25, 
one of the Sabbath -school scholars, baptized 
some years ago, was received into our church 
on examination, and another letter. 

The first Sabbath-school Convention was held 
at Logan November 4, 1892. That is the first 
one in Cache Valley. 

Our Thanksgiving service was a very precious 
one to school and all, and well attended, though 
tbe.day was w§t aiid cold. 



CHURCH ERECTION. 




Tbe abore deatgn for a small Presbyteriso 
cburch is prepared bj Hessrs. L. B, Vahl & 
Sod, architects, Jobnson Building, BrookljD, 
K. Y. 

It represenUa ver; attractive building 30x48 
feet in size and seating 234. 

It Is of stone or brick up to the windows and 
above shingled. The interior is plastered and 
completed with an arched ceiling. 

Tbe cost Is estimated at from $3,800 to 
98,000. 



FROM CHURCHES. 

LBWISTOWN, MOKTANA, 

If it were not for the aid received from the 
Board, it would be almost useless to attempt to 
boild on fields like this back on the frontier, 

FLOKBHCB, ARIZONA. 

I am happy to annonnce that the long struggle 
is over and we bave paid tbe last dollar on our 
church, and with tbe help of Bro. J. A. Hennul 



and 8. M., we dedicated it to the Triune God on 
the 37th ult., free from all incumberance. For 
this I wish now to express mj most hearty 
thanks to the members of tbe Board for their 
patience and kindness and their generous dona- 
tion. 1 wish also to voice the united aentiment 
of sincere thanks from our Trustees and every 
member of our churcb for tbe above. I now 
have an offer of a lot for the Spanish Church 
for |300 cash. As soon as I see my way clear 
to purchase this lot I shall make an eSort to 
have the "adobes" mode on the ground, and 
when they are finished we will fill out and send 
tbe application. I shall act on the cash and 
work principle from start to completion, " from 
turret to foundation stone." Noslavery of debt 
for me any more for life. • 

EI.OIN, 

We have fulfilled all ( 
Board of Churcb Erection. 
have pledges for everything. The Trustees 
hold the church free of debt. 



r promises to tbe 
We bave paid and 



S18 



214 



Wise Words from the Synod of Missouri. 



[^Marchy 



We baTe done more than we expected. We 
did not expect to complete and finish the Sun- 
day sch^l room, but we did. 

We have a bowled floor, circular pews with 
400 sittings and 200 additional sittings in the 
Sabbath-school room, which is immediately in 
front of the pulpit. Our basement room for 
parlors and infant classes is not finished, and 
was not designed to be when we commenced. 
Many thanks to the Board for their kindly and 
timely assistance. Our building more than 
mcts the expectations of the friends interested. 
I thought you would doubtless be interested to 
know of the outcome and hence I send the pro- 
gram and notice in paper. 



WISE WORDS FROM THE SYNOD OF 

MISSOURI. 

We give below extracts from the report of the 
Standing Committee upon Church Erection of 
the Synod of Missouri. For the Synod's plain 
and wise words in its behalf the Board expresses 
its sincere acknowledgement. Were the advice 
of this Synod and of many others to their 
churches heeded, the Board would not have as 
now too often, to postpone the payment of 
grants greatly needed. 

After speaking of the efforts of the committee 
to secure contributions from all the churches, the 
report continues as follows : « 

''Letters were also addressed to the Presby- 
terial Committees to ascertain as nearly as possi- 
ble how many organizations are still without 
houses of worship. Answers have come from 
all the Presbyteries. 

Kansas City Presbytery reports 4 houseless churches 

Ozark ** ** 19 " 

PA'myra ** •* 6 " " 

Platte *« ** 8 

Bt Louis •» " 1 " ** 

White River " " 3 *• ** 

making a total of 86. The report may not be 
entirely accurate, but it is not far out of the way. 
Should the Lord be pleased to visit these shelter- 
less flocks and ' give them a little reviving in 
their bondage,' and direct the steps of some 
faithful under shepherds to look after them, it is 
evident that the Board of Church Erection 
would soon find an enlarged opportunity to ex- 
ercise its blessed offices in the Synod of Mis- 
souri. 

From the Board's report it appears that during 
the year 1891 2, 101 churches of the Synod con- 
tril)uted |1,084.78. 

125 churches contributed nothing. Th{s,how- 
eyer, ia a |[ai^ of 18 contributiag cl^urobea and 



$38.86 in contributions over the preceding 
year. 

It may be profitable to note in this connection 
that of the 125 non-contributing churches, 55 
have a membership of from 25 to 200; only 37 
are reported vacant, and altogether they show a 
footing of 3,905 communicants, of whom 229 are 
ruling elders. It seems well nigh incredible 
that such a host of Presbyterian members and 
so large a body of ordained overseers (episkopol) 
could let a whole year pass away without 
giving one cent to an agency absolutely indis- 
pensable in such a field as the Synod of Mis- 
souri ! It might well be suggested to these al- 
most 4,000 redeemed people that they solemnly 
ask themseli^es, " What are we here for?" 

During the last year, and up to September 17th 
of the present year, fifteen churches of the 
Synod have received aid, ten of them for houses 
of worship and five for manses. The whole 
amount granted by the Board, as per its report 
up to April 1st, was |5,100 as against $1,084 
received. The Committee in their statistics have 
confined themselves almost wholly to Board's 
Report, which of course shows the exact 
amount of contributions sent to its Treasury, 
while in the columns of the Assembly's sched- 
ules several churches report large donations 
under Church Erection which did not reach the 
Board's Treasury, but were expended in for- 
warding home enterprises. 

This accounts for the discrepancy between 
$1,034 reported by the Board, and $12,482, the 
footing of the Assembly's column. 

The General Assembly at Portland, declared: 
"This Board ought not to have less than 
$150,000 to carry on its work for the coming 
year;" the Board says: "this means that the 
contributions of the churches should be doubled, *' 

Your committee would recommend the fol- 
lowing action : 

That Synod warmly commends the entire 
work of this Board and expresses the ardent 
hope that the churche) which last year gave 
nothing, will enroll themselves hereafter with 
the givers ; and that those already giving, may 
abound more and more ; that our Synod may as 
nearly as possible reach the measure of duplica- 
tion suggested by the Assembly. 

That the Presbyterial Committees lay this 
matter heavily upon pastors, supplies and ses- 
sions of vacant churches, and endeavor to see 
that every church supplied or vacant, feeble or 
strong, be- called upon and at least permitted to 
contribute to the noble work of the Board of 
Ohurch £rectioa« The Soard in an appeal sent 



1893.] 



A Chicago Offer. 



215 



doubtless to all pastors, says almost plaintively: 
'* This failure of more than half of our Churches 
to contribute even a small amount to the funds 
of the Board, is absolutely unwarrantable. 
With rare exceptions, all these churches could 



have given something ; and the contribution of 
even a single dollar on the part of each of them 
would have enabled the Board to assist needy 
enterprises which have now been compelled 
to suffer.*' 



COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. 



A CHICAGO OFFER. 

Ten thousand dollars are offered to the 
College Board on condition that 140,000 ad- 
ditional be secured. The kind givers are 
two Chicago friends who have often and 
largely supplied the Board^s treasury since 
its organization. 

WHY THIS OFFER? 

They have aided some institutions to pay 
their debts; they have pat up buildings for 
others ; they have assisted some to find perma- 
nent endowment; they have watched the re- 
sults of such giving for ten years ; they are per- 
suaded of its paramount importance in our 
home mission work, in getting hold of the new 
regions for Christ; and this conditional offer is 
evidently to draw others into the same sort of 
giving that they may share the same satis- 
faction in its results. ** These things write 
we unto you," they might say with John, as 
they make the offer, ** that your joy may be 
fall." They see the need of larger aid to the 
business of building up our young institu- 
tions, and they wish others to experience 
such pleasure as they have found in it. 

WHAT ARK THE DOLLARS FOR ? 

The entire $50,000 wiU be offered, in sums 
ranging from $500 to $10,000, to certain 
most promising colleges and academies, on 
condition that the friends of each institution 
secure in its vicinity from three to five times 
the amount offered by the College Board. 
Thus gifts to this fund will be stimulants for 
sluggish Western pocket-books. Each gift 
toward the $40,000 will secure three or five 
times itself to the educational apparatus of 
our Church. 

EXEMPLORUM GRATLL. 

A far Western college, the only Presbyte- 
nau school in a riut region, yrbxok has rem so 



far without debt, doing as high grade work 
as most Eastern colleges, but at the cost 
of extreme sacrifices by its president and 
teachers, must have more buildings. $5,000 
offered by the Board will secure buildings 
to cost $20,000 or more, and at once. 

Another college, with property worth 
$90,000, and 80 students, turns away a score 
of boys this year for lack of place to put 
them. $5,000 offered to it will secure 
$15,000 to $20,000 worth of buildings ready 
for use next autumn, and the income from 
room rents and tuitions will make it nearly 
self-supporting, relieving the Board of an 
annual burden. 

Our Collegiate Institute at Salt Lake City 
is doing a work second in excellence to no 
school in this country; its students enter 
Princeton and other colleges without condi- 
tions. It has the foundation of a dormitory 
laid, and perhaps $6,000 toward completing 
the building. This Board should be able at 
once to give it $5,000 more; it is a heme 
mission enterprise, and its locality cannot aid 
it now. The building means about forty 
more lads under its influence another year. 

ENDOWMENTS. 

$5,000 offered in each of the following 
cases will secure $20,000 additional from the 
vicinity of each institution, the total endow- 
ment of $25,000 making each one henceforth 
self-supporting. All are essential to our 
Church, doing admirable work, and out of 
debt. They are: A college with property 
worth $30,000 and 52 students; an academy 
with property worth $20,000 and 51 students; 
and a collegiate institute with property worth 
$35,000 and 99 students. Benefactions plac- 
ing these first-class schools on a basis of 
permanency ap4 seU-support viU win un- 



216 



Edvjcational Investments — Considtation. 



l^Jtarckf 



dying gratitade and go far te win large 
regions for Christ now and in the future. 

PAYING DEBTS. 

The College Board does not permit aided 
institutions to incur indebtedness. Some 
did so in earlier days; commonly in putting 
up the first building, expecting to sell land 
enough to cover the expense, the sudden 
breaking of the ^^boom'* leaving them with 
both land and mortgage on their hands. 
Some excellent colleges and academies, whose 
trustees are wiser now, are burdened heavily, 
especially with interest charges so high in the 
West. They must have relief. Consider such 
cases as these sequent. 

One Western college, the only Presbyterian 
school in a growing state, had $23,000 in- 
debtedness. The Board promised it |5,000 
if local friends would cancel the rest of the 
debt. They have done it; they did it a year 
ago; and the Board has not yet in hand the 
promised |5,000, on which the college is pay- 
ing high interest. We want that at once. 

A Western college for women, doing par- 
ticularly useful work for the daughters of 
home missionaries and for Indian girls, had 
about tl5,000 of debt. A local friend of the 
college has paid part of it and now holds in 
bank enough to cancel it all when this Board 
can give it a promised |5,200. Meantime the 
college must pay nearly 1 1,000 a year interest 
out of its slender income. 

SMALLER AMOUNTS. 

These are large amounts; three of them 
are probably now provided for, leaving four 
gifts of 15,000 each yet to be secured, or 
eight of $2,500 each, or the like. There are 
many opportunities for doing vast good with 
smaller sums, from |100 to $500 each, con- 
cerning which the Secretary of the College 
Board may be consulted. 

EDUCATIONAL INVESTMENTS. 

It is noticeable thi^t people who once give 
for Christian educational institutions com- 
monly keep on giving in that line, and more 
and more. It is because there is a peculiar and 
lasting satisfaction in putting money into a 
permanent institution which every year, year 
after year, continues and increases its output 



of Christian young men and women fitted for 
active and prominent part in their commu- 
nities and regions, preaching, teaching, 
moulding socity, building up the Church, 
infiuencing the entire social organism toward 
nobler living, and gradually moving the 
wealth and mental power of the people to- 
ward the Redeemer's kingdom. An invest- 
ment of a few hundred or thousand dollars 
in such an enterprise brings life-long joy. 

CONSULTATION. 

The Secretary of the College Board is 
ready to write or to go to any part of the 
country to confer with stewards of our 
Lord's money who may care to make invest- 
ments in our educational work. 



A good college education is one of the best things 
for any young man jast starting out in life. Of 
coarse, a bright, industrious, wide-awake man can 
get through life without much of an education, but 
he will get along much.better with a good one. We 
heard Chauncey Depew say recently that he was 
personally acquainted with over three hundred mil- 
lionaires, and that he did not know of one of them 
who was without a good education who would not be 
willing to part with half his fortune if that would 
bring him a true culture. Young men are crowding 
to our institutions as never before, because in the 
future an education will count for even more than it 
has in the past. The president of the Ohio Wes- 
leyan University recently stated that, while only 
one-fifth of one per cent, of our population are col- 
lege bred, thirty per cent, of all our Congressmen, 
forty per cent, of all our Senators, fifty per cent, of 
our Vice-Presidents, sixty per cent, of our Presi- 
dents, and more than seventy per cent, of our Fed- 
eral Supreme Court judges, have been college 
men. — Herald and Presbyter, 



There is one '* Name that is above every name,^ 
"towering o^er the wrecks of time." He is to us 
** Imx et Veritas,'*^ and if we be "reproached for the 
name of Christ, happy are we." 

Let the day never dawn when we shall cease to 
unite worship with work, or when we shall disap- 
point that body of Christian believers, which wider 
than any species, makes up the generic Church, and 
which the good phrase of the Episcopal liturgy de- 
scribes as "the blessed company of all faithful peo- 
ple."— Prcs. Stryker, Hamilton College, 



FREEDMEN. 



COLORED EDUCATION IN THE SOUTH. 

[Dr. Cowan, the new CorrespoDding Secretary of 
the Board of Missions for Freedmen, is entering 
into his work with a sober earnestness which gives 
the best promise. He is wisely making a tour of 
visitation to the southern field. From Newman, 
Georgia, he writes: *' I have stopped over here on 
my joumeyings to send off to you a few thoughts on 
the situation. I have not compassed the field suffi- 
ciently to write intelligently about our own work 
spedflcally, but I see enough to feel and know that 
the work is vast.'*] 

It is not wise in studying the problem of 
N^^ Education in the South to listen ex- 
clusively either to that class of writers who 
say ^^they are doing well enough;'' or to 
that other class who say '* there is hardly 
anything being done." To look at the needs 
of the Negro no doubt stimulates our zeal in 
the work ; but to look at what has been done 
and what is being done, encourages us to 
hope for still better things. A glance at the 
statistics furnished us by the government 
through the Bureau of Education in ^^ Cir- 
cular No. 1, 1892 " will give us both sides, 
and greatly aid us in getting that intellectual 
balance so necessary to an intelligent prose- 
cution of any good work. 

Encouragement is essential to the con- 
tinned pushing of our plans. The history of 
the first generation of the Negro race since it 
emerged from slavery is just drawing to a 
close. When we see what has actually been 
done under the most adverse circumstances, 
ve may well ask, what may we not expect in 
the way of advancement and improvement 
in the next twenty-five or thirty years amid 
circumstances almost as different as daylight 
from darkness. 

The Southern States have by no mean been 
indifferent to the problem which they had to 
face and which they are facing yet. Consid- 
ering the fact that so many of the white 
P^ple of these states suffered the '4oss of 
all things " in the calamities that overwhelmed 
them, it is not a bad showing that the six- 



teen Southern States in thirteen years, from 
1876 to 1889, according to the govern- 
ment report already referred to, expended 
$216,000,000 on education, and that $50,- 
000,000 of this sum has gone toward the 
establishment of public schools for the uni- 
versal education of the children of the Negro 
race; 1,313,000 colored children are enrolled 
as more or less regularly attending the public 
schools. This is estimated as constituting 
about two-thirds of the number of colored 
children between the ages of 6 and 14 years. 
All this is good as far as it goes, and should 
not be lost sight of in forming our estimate 
of the present educational needs of the col- 
ored race. Having done so much, it cannot 
be doubted that the States will do better, as 
the magnitude and importance of the problem 
looms higher and higher, and as they them- 
selves, with the increased prosperity that is 
coming upon them, grow stronger and 
stronger. 

But all that has been done, or is yet likely 
to be done for a long time is utterly inade- 
quate to meet the demands of the case. 

The public school age is only from 6 years 
to 14. The length of school term averages 
only about 90 days for a whole year, and 
the instruction, to say the most of it, is 
elementary. The colored youth of these 
States between the ages of 6 and 21, not 
touched by any public school advantages, 
meager as they are, according to the most 
reliable figures, is at least one million. De- 
nominational schools and some splendid in- 
stitutions reared by noble, philanthropic 
Christian men are planted here and there in 
different centers of infiuence in the South to 
supplement the deficie&cy, but when we 
count them all up we are still constrained to 
say, ^^ What are these among so many f '' 

Turning again to our authority, remem- 
bering of course that two full years have 
passed since the statistics were gathered, we 
find that without reference to states the Negro 
in the South is now blessed with 41 normal 

217 



218 



JSdtu:atiorL 



[-MxrcA, 



schools, 58 institutions of secondary grade, 
22 universities and colleges, 22 theological 
schools, 4 law schools, 3 schools of medi- 
cine, and 9 schools for the deaf, dumb and 
blind. But in aU these schools, grand as is 
the work they are doing, there are only about 
25,000 stud